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India
 
3300 BC Indus valley Civilization
1200 BC Empire of India
160 BC Greco-Indian Kingdom
848 AD Division into Northern and Southern Empires
27 May 1526               Mughal rule established
06 Jun 1674               Maratha Empire secedes from the Mughal Empire,
                          Mughal domain reduced to the city of Delhi by 1772
12 Aug 1765               British takeover Bengal
20 Oct 1774               Most of India under control of British East India company
03 Jun 1818               Maratha Empire terminated by Great Britain
 
02 Aug 1858               Last Mughal emperor deposed by Great Britian
01 Jan 1877               British Indian Empire (British Raj)
21 Oct 1943 - 18 Aug 1945 Free India government allied with Axis powers
25 Aug 1946               Self rule granted
14 Aug 1947               Partitioned, Pakistan becomes independent
15 Aug 1947               Independence from Britain
15 Aug 1947 - 26 Jan 1950 Dominion of India
26 Jun 1950               Republic of India
01 Nov 1954               French India annexed
16 Mar 1962               Goa annexed by India
21 Nov 1962               China annexes border areas
26 Apr 1975               Annexation of Sikkim
 
Government: Federal Republic.
Capital: New Delhi.
Language: Hindi and English (many others see states for details).
Religion: Hindu, Islam, Christian, Sikkisim, Buddhisum, Zoroastrian, Bahai.
National Anthem: "Jana Gana Mana" ("The Minds of all People").
National Emblem: Lion of Sarnath.
National Day: Independence day 26th August (1947 from UK).
National Motto: Satyameva Jayate (Truth alone Triumphs).
Currunsy: Indian Rupee.

 
Empire of India
 
File:Star-of-India-gold-centre.svg
British Raj 1877-1947
 
Capital: Delhi 1649-1858 (Mughal), 1911-1947,
          Calcutta 1774-1911, Shimla (Summer) 1911-1947.
Language: Persian and Hindustani to 1857. English 1877-1947.
Religion: Hindu, Islam, Sikh, Christian, Buddhist.
Anthem: "God Save the King" 1877-1947.
Currency: Rupee.
 
Monarchs
324-301 Maurya, Chandraguptar
301-269 Bindusara
269-232 Ashoka Vardhana
232-225 Kunala
232-225 Dasaratha
225-??? Samprati
???-??? Saliska
???-??? Devadharma
???-194 Satamdhanu
194-187 Brihadratha
78-101 Gupta, Kanishka
275-300 Gupta, Gupta
300-320 Gupta, Ghatotkacha
320-350 Gupta, Chandragupta I
350-370 Gupta, Samudragupta I
370-376 Gupta, Ramangupta
376-415 Gupta, Chandragupta II
415-455 Gupta, Kumaragupta I 
455-476 Gupta, Skandagupta
467-477 Gupta, Kumaragupta II
477-495 Gupta, Budhagupta
495-500 Gupta, Chandragupta III
500-510 Gupta, Vainyagupta
510-540 Gupta, Narasimhagupta
540-550 Gupta, Kumaragupta III
550     Gupta, Vishnugupta
550-560 Pushpabhuti, Naravardhana
560-570 Pushpabhuti, Rajyavardhana
570-580 Pushpabhuti, Adityavardhana
580-605 Pushpabhuti, Prabhakaravardhana
605-606 Pushpabhuti, Rajyavardhana II
606-647 Pushpabhuti, Harshavardhana
750-770 Pratihara, Nagabhata
770-783 Pratihara, Devarja
783-815 Pratihara, Vatsaraja
815-833 Pratihara, Nagabhata II
833-836 Pratihara, Ramabhadra
836-893 Pratihara, Bhoja I
893-914 Pratihara, Mahendrapala I
914-922 Pratihara, Mahipala
922-932 Pratihara, Bhoja II
932-946 Pratihara, Vinayakapala
946-948 Pratihara, Mahendrapala II
948-960 Pratihara, Devapala
960-990 Pratihara, Vijayapala
990-1018 Pratihara, Rajyapala
1018-1030 Pratihara, Trilochanapala
-Vijayanagara Empire- (Southern India)
Emperors
1336-1343 Sangama, Harihara I
1343-1379 Sangama, Bukka I
1379-1399 Sangama, Harihara II
1399-1406 Sangama, Bukka II
1406-1412 Sangama, Devaraya
1412-1419 Sangama, Viravijaya
1419-1444 Sangama, Devaraya II
1452-1465 Sangama, Mallikarjuna
1465-1469 Sangama, Rajasekhara I
1469-1471 Sangama, Virupaksha I
1476-1479 Sangama, Praudhadevaraya
1479-1480 Sangama, Rajasekhara II
1483-1484 Sangama, Virupaksha II
1486-1487 Sangama, Rajasekhara III
1490-14.. Saluva, Narasimha
1...-1509 Saluva, Narasa
1509-1530 Saluva, Krishnadeva
1530-1542 Saluva, Achyuta
1542-1565 Tuluva, Rama
1542-1567 Saluva, Sadasiva
1565-1567 Tuluva, Tirumala I
1567-1575 Tuluva, Tirumala II
1575-1586 Tuluva, Ranga
1586-1614 Tuluva, Venkata
- Mughal Empire - (Northern India to 1707)
Emperors
30 Apr 1526 - 26 Dec 1530 Mughal, Zahir ud-din Mohammad Babur
                           al-Sultan l-azam wa'l-haqan al-Mukkarram
                            Padshah-e Ghazi     
26 Dec 1530 - 22 Feb 1556 Mughal, Nasir ud-din Mohammad Humayun
                           Padshah-e Ghazi Zillu'llah
22 Feb 1556 - 27 Oct 1605 Mughal, Abu'l-Fath Jalaluddin Mohammad
                           Akbar "The Great"
27 Oct 1605 - 08 Nov 1627 Mughal, Nuruddin Mohammad Jahangir
                           Padshah-e Ghazi
09 Nov 1627 - 23 Jan 1628 Mughal, Dawar Bakhsh
23 Jan 1628 - 31 Jul 1658 Mughal, Shahab Uddin Mohammad Shah Jahan I
                           Padash-e Ghazi Zillu'llah
31 Jul 1658 - 02 Mar 1707 Mughal, Mohyi ad-Din Abu`l Mozaffar
                           Mohammad Awrangzib Bahadur `Alamgir I
                            Padshah-e Ghazi
14 Mar      - 27 Apr 1707 Qotb ad-Din Abu'l Fayaz Mohammad A`zam
                           Shah Padshah-e Ghazi
27 Apr 1707 - 27 Feb 1712 Mughal, Qotb ad-Din Abu`n Nasir Sayyed
                           Mohammad Shah `Alam I Bahadur Shah
                            Padshah-e Ghazi
30 Mar 1712 - 11 Jan 1713 Mughal, Mo`ezz ad-Din Abu'l Fath Mohammad
                           Jahandar Shah Padshah
11 Jan 1713 - 01 Mar 1719 Mughal, Mo`in ad-Din Abu'l Mozaffar
                           Mohammad Farrukhsiyar Padshah
01 Mar      - 07 Jun 1719 Mughal, Shams ad-Din Abu'l Barakat
                           Soltan Mohammad Rafi`ad-Darajat
                            Padshah-e Ghazi
08 Jun      - 06 Sep 1719 Mughal, Mohammad Shah Jahan II Sani
                           Pedshah-e
28 Sep 1719 - 26 Apr 1748 Mughal, Naser ad-Din Abu'l-Fath
                           Mohammad Shah Padshah-e Ghazi
29 Apr 1748 - 03 Jun 1754 Mughal, Mojahed ad-Din Abu'l Nasir Ahmad
                           Bahadur Shah Padshah-e Ghazi
03 Jun 1754 - 29 Nov 1759 Mougal, `Aziz ad-Din Abu'l-`Adl Mohammad
                           `Alamgir II Padshah-e Ghazi
11 Dec      - 25 Dec 1759 Mughal, Mohyi-e Millat Shah Jahan III
                           Sani-ebn Mohyi-e Sannat Mohammad
25 Dec 1769 - 01 Aug 1788 Mughal, Jalal ad-Din Abu'l Mozaffar
                           Mohammad Shah `Alam II Padshah (1st Time)
01 Aug      - 09 Oct 1788 Mughal, Mohammad Bidarbakht ebn Ahmad Shah
09 Oct 1788 - 10 Nov 1806 Mughal, Jalal ad-Din Abu'l Mozaffar
                           Mohammad Shah `Alam II Padshah (2nd Time)
18 Nov 1806 - 28 Sep 1837 Mughal, Mo`in ad-Din Abu`l Nasir Mohammad
                           Akbar II Padshah Saheb Qiram-e Sani
29 Sep 1837 - 29 Mar 1858 Mughal, Seraj ad-Din Abu`l Mozaffar
                           Mohammad Bahadur Shah Padshah II ......... 1775-1862
- Maharaja Chatrapati of the Maratha Empire -
06 Jun 1674 - 03 Apr 1680 Shivaji I Bhonsle ......................... 1627-1680
20 Jul 1680 - 11 Mar 1689 Sambhaji I Bhonsle ........................ 1657-1689
11 Mar 1689 - 02 Mar 1700 Rajaram I Bhonsle ......................... 1670-1700
02 Mar 1700 - 12 Oct 1707 Shivaji II ................................ 1696-1726
02 Mar 1700 - 12 Oct 1707 Tarabai Ai Sahib Bhonsale ................. 1675-1761
                          (Regent)
12 Oct 1707 - 15 Dec 1749 Shahu I Sambhaji II Raje Bhosale .......... 1689-1749
15 Dec 1749 - 11 Dec 1777 Rajaram II ................................ 1726-1777
11 Dec 1777 - 04 May 1808 Raja Shanu II ............................. 1763-1808
03 May 1808 - 25 Sep 1819 Raja Pratap Singh ......................... 1793-1847
- British Raj -
Emperors
01 Jan 1877 - 26 Jan 1950 The Monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland
 
Peshwas
1674 - 1683               Moropant Trimbak Pingle ................... 1620-1683
1683 - 1708               Ramchandra Neelkanth Amatya ............... 1650-1716
1708 - 1711               Bahirojipant Pingale
1711 - 1713               Parshuram Tribak Kulkarni
16 Nov 1713 - 12 Apr 1720 Balaji Vishwanath Bhat .................... 1662-1719
12 Apr 1720 - 25 Apr 1740 Pahila Bajirao I Ballal Balaji Bhat ....... 1700-1740
25 Apr 1740 - 23 Jun 1761 Balaji Baji Rao ........................... 1720-1761
23 Jun 1761 - 18 Nov 1772 Pradhanpant Shrimant Madhavarao I Ballal .. 1745-1772
18 Nov 1772 - 30 Aug 1773 Narayan Rao ............................... 1755-1773
30 Aug 1773 - 1774        Raghunath Rao ............................. 1734-1783
18 Apr 1774 - 27 Oct 1795 Shrimant Sawai Madhavarao II Narayan ..,... 1774-1795
18 Oct 1774 - 1800        Nana Phadnis
                          (Regent)
25 Oct 1795 - 06 Dec 1796 Chimnaji Appa Rao
06 Dec 1796 - 03 Jun 1818 Bajirao II Pandit Pandham ................. 1775-1851
       1857               Sahib Nana Dhondu Pant .................... 1775-1851
                          (In rebellion)
Secretaries of State for India (in London)
04 Jul 1895 - 09 Oct 1903 Lord George Francis Hamilton .............. 1845-1927 C
09 Oct 1903 - 04 Dec 1905 William St. John Fremantle Brodrick ....... 1856-1942 C
10 Dec 1905 - 03 Nov 1910 John Morley, Viscount Morley of Blackburn . 1838-1923 LP
                          (1st Time)
03 Nov 1910 - 07 Mar 1911 Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes,
                           Earl of Crewe (1st Time) ................. 1858-1945 LP
07 Mar      - 25 May 1911 John Morley, Viscount Morley of Blackburn
                          (2nd Time)
25 May 1911 - 25 May 1915 Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes,
                           Earl of Crewe (2nd Time)
25 May 1915 - 17 Jul 1917 Sir Joseph Austen Chamberlain ............. 1863-1937 C
17 Jul 1917 - 19 Mar 1922 Edwin Samuel Montague ..................... 1879-1924 LP
19 Mar 1922 - 22 Jun 1924 William Robert Wellesley Peel, Earl Peel .. 1867-1937 C
                          (1st Time)
22 Jan      - 03 Nov 1924 Syndey Haldane Olivier, 1st Baron Olivier . 1859-1943 L
06 Nov 1924 - 18 Oct 1928 Frederick Edwin Smith, 1st Earl Birkenhead  1872-1930 C
18 Oct 1928 - 04 Jun 1929 William Robert Wellesley Peel, Earl Peel
                          (2nd Time)
07 Jun 1929 - 25 Aug 1931 William Wedgwood Benn ..................... 1877-1960 L
25 Aug 1931 - 07 Jun 1935 Sir Samuel John Gurney Hoare .............. 1880-1959 C
07 Jun 1935 - 13 May 1940 Lawrence John Lumley Dundas,
                           Marquess of Zetland ...................... 1876-1961 C
13 May 1940 - 26 Jul 1945 Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett Amery .... 1873-1955 C
03 Aug 1945 - 17 Apr 1947 Frederick William Pethnick-Lawrence,
                           Baron Pethnick-Lawrence .................. 1871-1961 L
17 Apr      - 15 Aug 1947 William Francis Hare,
                           5th Earl of Listowel ..................... 1906-1997 L
_______________________________________________________________________________
 
Free Government of India
 
Leader
21 Oct 1941 - 18 Aug 1945 Subhas Chandra Bose ....................... 1897-1945
                          (In Berlin 1941-43, then Tokyo 1943-45)

 
India
 
 
        India, national emblem
            1947-1950                Adopted 1950
 
Governors-general
15 Aug 1947 - 21 Jun 1948 Viscount Louis Mountbatton of Burma ....... 1900-1979
21 Jun 1948 - 26 Jan 1950 Chakravarti Rajagopalachari ............... 1878-1972
Presidents
26 Jan 1950 - 13 May 1962 Dr. Rajendra Prasad ....................... 1884-1963 INC
13 May 1962 - 13 May 1967 Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrisham ............... 1888-1975 INC
13 May 1967 - 03 May 1969 Dr. Zakir Husain .......................... 1897-1969
24 Aug 1969 - 20 Jul 1974 Varahagiri Venkata Giri ................... 1894-1980
20 Jul 1974 - 11 Feb 1977 Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed ...................... 1905-1977 INC
25 Jul 1977 - 25 Jul 1982 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy ...................... 1913-1996 INC
25 Jul 1982 - 25 Jul 1987 Gaini Zail Singh .......................... 1916-1994 INC
25 Jul 1987 - 25 Jul 1992 Ramaswany Venkataraman .................... 1910-2009 INC
25 Jul 1992 - 25 Jul 1997 Shankar Dayal Sharma ...................... 1918-1999 INC
25 Jul 1997 - 25 Jul 2002 Kocheril Raman Narayanan .................. 1921-2005
25 Jul 2002 - 25 Jul 2007 Aavul Pakkiri Jainulabidin Abdul Kalam .... 1931-
25 Jul 2007 - 25 Jul 2012 Pratibha Devisingh Patil .................. 1934-     INC
25 Jul 2012 -             Pranab Kumar Mukherjee .................... 1935-     INC
 
 
Prime Ministers
25 Aug 1946 - 27 May 1964 Jawaharlal Nehru .......................... 1889-1964 INC
27 May      - 09 Jun 1964 Gulzarilal Nanda .......................... 1898-1998 INC
                          (1st Time)
09 Jun 1964 - 11 Jan 1966 Lal Bahadur Shastri ....................... 1904-1966 INC
11 Jan      - 19 Jan 1966 Gulzarilal Nanda (2nd Time)
19 Jan 1966 - 24 May 1977 Indira Priyadarshini Nehru Gandhi ......... 1917-1984 INC
                          (1st Time)
24 May 1977 - 28 Jul 1979 Morarji Ranchhodji Desai .................. 1896-1995 JD
28 Jul 1979 - 14 Jan 1980 Chaudhary Charan Singh .................... 1902-1987 JD
14 Jan 1980 - 31 Oct 1984 Indira Priyadarshini Nehru Gandhi (2nd Time)
31 Oct 1984 - 02 Dec 1989 Rajiv Ratna Gandhi ........................ 1944-1991 INC
02 Dec 1989 - 10 Nov 1990 Vishwanath Pratap Singh ................... 1931-2008 JD
10 Nov 1990 - 21 Jul 1991 Chandra Shekhar  Singh .................... 1927-2007 JD
21 Jul 1991 - 16 May 1996 Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rau ........ 1921-2004 INC
16 May      - 31 May 1996 Atal Bihari Vajpayuee ..................... 1924-     BJP
                          (1st Time)
01 Jun 1996 - 21 Apr 1997 Haradanahalli Dodde Gowdadeve Gowda ....... 1933-     JD
21 Apr 1997 - 19 May 1998 Inder Kumar Gujral ........................ 1919-2012 JD
19 May 1998 - 22 May 2004 Atal Bihari Vajpayuee (2nd Time)
22 May 2004 - 26 May 2014 Dr Manmohan Singh ......................... 1932-     INC
26 May 2014 -             Narendra Damodardas Modi .................. 1950-     BJP
 
 
 
BS=Bahujan Samaj Party (Dalit, Socialist)
BJP=Bharatiya Janata Party (Indian Peoples Party, Extreme Hinduist, Conservative)
CPI=Communist Party India (Communist)
CPM=Communist Party Marxist
INC=Indian National Congress (Social Democratic)
JD=Janata Dal Party (Social Democratic,ex JP)

 
Sikkim
 
File:Seal of Sikkim color.png
 
1642 - 1975               Bras-ljongs (Sikkim) Kingdom
1730 - 1793               Tributary to Tibet
1793 - 1817               Annexed by Nepal
10 Feb 1817               Protectorate of British Raj
01 Feb 1835               Darjeerling leased to British Raj (annexed 1850)
28 Mar 1861 - 15 Aug 1947 British protectorate
15 Aug 1947               Indpendence declared
15 Aug 1947 - 16 May 1975 Protectorate of India
10 Apr 1975               Accession to India proclaimed
16 May 1975               Annexation to India see under Indian States
 
 
Monarchs
.... - ....               Padmasambhava
1642 - 1670               Phutso Namgyal I .......................... 1604-1670
1670 - 1700               Tensung Namgyal ........................... 1644-1700
1700 - 1717               Chhagdor Namgyal .......................... 1686-1717
1717 - 1733               Gururmed Namgyal .......................... 1707-1733
1733                      Phuntso Namgyal II ........................ 1733-1780
                          (1st Time)
1733 - 1736               Chandzod Tamding
1736 - 1780               Phuntso Namgyal II (2nd Time)
1780 - 1793               Tenzing Namgyal ........................... 1769-1793
1793 - 1862               Tsugphud Namgyal .......................... 1785-1862
1862 - 1874               Trulku Namgyal ............................ 1819-1874
   Apr 1874 - 10 Feb 1914 Thutob Namgyal ............................ 1860-1914
11 Feb      - 05 Dec 1914 Sidkeong Trulku Namgyal ................... 1879-1914
05 Dec 1914 - 02 Dec 1963 Tashi Namgyal ............................. 1893-1963
02 Dec 1963 - 14 Apr 1975 Palden Thondup Namgyal .................... 1923-1982
 
Prime Minister
23 Jul 1974 - 16 May 1975 Lhendup Dorjee Khangsarpa ................. 1904-2007

Delhi Sultanate

 

1100 - 1555 Delhi Sultanate

1555        Part of Moghul Empire

 

Soltans

1100-1110 Chauhan, Prithviraja I

1110-1125 Chauhan, Jagdeva I

1152-1163 Chauhan, Vigraharaja I

1163-1170 Chauhan, Apara Gangeya I

1170-1177 Chauhan, Prithviraja II

1177-1179 Chauhan, Somadeva I

1170-1192 Chauhan, Prithviraja III

1206-1210 Mu'izz, Qutb-ud-din Aybak

1210-1211 Mu'izz, Aram Shah

1211-1236 Mu'izz, Shams-ud-din Iltutmish

1236      Mu'izz, Rukn-ud-din Firuz

1236-1240 Mu'izz, Raziyyat-ud-in Bahram

1240-1242 Mu'izz Al-Din Bahram Shah

1242-1246 Mu'izz, Aladdin Masud Shah

1246-1266 Mu'izz, Nasr Al-Din

1266-1288 Mu'izz, Balban

1288-1290 Mu'izz Al-Din

1290      Mu'izz, Kaiumarth

1290-1296 Khalji, Djala Al-Din

1296      Khalji, Rukn Al-Din

1296-1316 Khalji, Aladdin

1316      Khalji, Shihab Al-Din

1316-1320 Khalji, Qutb Al-Din

1320      Khalji, Nasr Al-Din Khusrau Shah

1320-1325 Tughluqid, Tughluq Shah I

1325-1351 Tughluqid, Muhammad Shah I

1351      Tughluqid, Mahud Ibn Muhammad I

1351-1388 Tughluqid, Firuz Shah I

1388-1389 Tughluqid, Tughulq Shah II

1389-1390 Tughluqid, Abu Bakr Shah I

1390-1393 Tughluqid, Muhammad Shah II

1393      Tughluqid, Sikander Shah I

1393-1394 Tughluqid, Mahud Shah II

1394-1399 Tughluqid, Nusrat Shah I

1413-1414 Lodi, Daulat Khan

1414-1421 Sayyid, Khidr Khan

1421-1435 Sayyid, Mubarrak Shah

1435-1445 Sayyid, Muhammad Shah III

1445-1451 Sayyid, Aladdin Alam Shah

1451-1489 Lodi, Bahlul

1489-1517 Lodi, Sikander Shah II

1517-1526 Lodi, Ibrahim

1540-1545 Suri, Sher Shah

1545-1553 Suri, Islam Shah

1553-1554 Suri, Muhammad Shah IV

1554      Suri, Firuz

1554-1555 Suri, Ibrahim II

1555      Suri, Sikander Shah III


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