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Vietnam 
 
2809 BC                   Hung Voung dynasty
196 BC                    Vassal state of China
111 BC                    Annexed by China
544 BC - 602 AD           Van Xuan independent
40 - 43 AD                Rebellion under the Trung sisters
679                       An Nam a Chinese protectorate
939                       Independence
965 - 968                 Division into 12 feudal states
1010                      Great Viet Realm established
1558 - 1787               Division into two dynastic lines,
                           Trinh line ruling from Hanoi and Nguyen line
                            ruling from Hue
       1666 - 09 Jun 1885 Annam a tributary state of China
31 May 1802 - 25 Aug 1945 Great Viet Realm
13 Apr 1862               Cochinchina ceded to France
25 Aug 1883               French protectorates of Annam and Tonkin
27 Jan 1886               French protectorate of Annam-Tonkin
17 Oct 1887               Part of French Indochina
22 Sep 1941 - 15 Aug 1945 Occupied by Japan
11 Mar      - 25 Aug 1945 Independence as Empire of Vietnam
25 Aug 1945               Division into North and South Vietnam
30 Aug 1945               Independence of Socialist Republic of Vietnam,
                           controlling North Vietnam only
06 Sep 1945 -    Mar 1946 British-Chinese occupation of French Indochina
06 Mar 1946               North Vietnam recognised by France as a Free state
                           within the Federation of Indochina and French union
01 Jun 1946 - 08 Oct 1947 Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina
08 Oct 1947 - 27 May 1948 South Vietnam
27 May 1948               Vietnam (South Vietnam)
14 Jun 1949               French associated state (State of Vietnam)
21 Jul 1954               Division of two Vietnams formalised by treaty of Geneva
26 Oct 1955 - 30 Apr 1975 Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam)
01 May 1975 - 02 Jul 1976 Republic of South Vietnam
02 Jul 1976 -             North and South united as Socialist Republic of Vietnam

 
Empire to 1945
Empire of Vietnam
 
mieu hieu: Temple Name
dang ton hieu: Posthumous Name
nien hieu: Era Name
  
Monarchs
Thục Dynasty
257-207 An Duong
Triệu Dynasty
207-137 Vo Vuong
137-125 Van Vuong
125-113 Mhin Vuong
113-111 Ap Vuong
111     Duong Vuong
Trung Sisters
40-43 Trung Trac
40-43 Trung Noi
Early Lỳ Dynasty
544-547 Bon
549-555 Thien Bao
548-571 Kuang Phuc
571-603 Phat Tuc
Ng Dynasty
939-945 Kuyen
945-961 Duang Tam Kha
951-954 Suong Ngap
954-965 Suong Van
Đe Dynasty
968-979 Dhin Tien
979-981 Dhin De Toan
Early L Dynasty
981-1005 Hoan
1005-1009 Trung Tong
Lỳ Dynasty
1009-1028 Thai To
1028-1054 Thai Tong I
1054-1072 Thahn Tong I
1072-1127 Nan Tong I
1127-1138 Than Tong I
1138-1175 Anh Tong I
1175-1210 Kao Tong I
1210-1224 Hue Tong I
1224-1225 Tieu Tong I
Trấn Dynasty
1225-1258 Thai Tong II
1258-1277 Thahn Tong II
1277-1293 Nan Tong II
1293-1314 Anh Tong II
1314-1329 Minh Tong
1329-1341 Hien Tong
1341-1369 Du Tong
1369-1372 Nghe Tong
1372-1377 Due Tong
1377-1388 De Tong
1388-1398 Tran Thuan Tong
1398-1400 Tran Thieu De
Hồ Dynasty
1400      Kui Li
1400-1407 Han Thuong
Later Trấn Dynasty
1407-1409 Hau Tran Jian Dinh De
1409-1413 Hau Tran
L Dynasty
1428-1433 Thai To II
1433-1442 Thai Tong III
1442-1459 Nan Tong III
1459-1497 Thanh Tong III
1497-1504 Hien Tong II
1504-1509 Wi Muk De
1509-1516 Tuong Duk De
1516-1522 Tieu Tong
1522-1527 Kung Hoang
Northern Mạc Dynasty
1527-1529 Dang Dung
1529-1533 Dang Doahn
Southern L Dynasty
1533-1545 kim
1558-1613 Hoang
1613-1635 Puk Nguyen
1635-1648 Puk Lan
1648-1687 Puk Tan
1687-1691 Puk Tran
1691-1725 Puk Chu I
1725-1738 Puk Chu II
1738-1765 Puk Khoat
1765-1778 Puk Thuan
1778-1789 Anh II
-Ty Sơn (Nguyễn) Dynasty-
       1776 -    Oct 1793 Nguyễn Van Nhac ......................... 1752-1793
                          (In Central Vientam)
22 Dec 1788 - 15 Sep 1792 Nguyễn Van Huệ .......................... 1753-1792
                          (Rival Emperor)
15 Sep 1792 -    Jul 1802 Nguyễn Quang Toan ....................... 1782-1802
Nguyễn Dynasty
31 May 1802 - 03 Feb 1820 Nguyễn Phc nh ......................... 1762-1820
                          mieu hieu: Thế Tồ / dang ton hieu: Cao Hong Đế
                          nien hieu: Gia Long
14 Feb 1820 - 20 Jan 1841 Nguyễn Phc Kiễu ........................ 1791-1841
                          mieu hieu: Thnh To / dang ton hieu: Nhan Hong Đế
                          nien hieu: Minh Mạng 
20 Jan 1841 - 04 Nov 1847 Nguyễn Phc Tuyến ....................... 1807-1847
                          mieu hieu: Hiến Tồ / dang ton hieu: Chượng Hong Đế
                          nien hieu: Thiệu Trị 
10 Nov 1847 - 19 Jul 1883 Nguyễn Phc Th ......................... 1829-1883
                          mieu hieu: Dực Tng / dang ton hieu: Anh Hong Đế
                          nien hieu: Tự Đức
20 Jul      - 23 Jul 1883 Nguyễn, Phc Ung Chan ................... 1852-1883
                          mieu hieu: Cung Tng / dang ton hieu: Huệ Hong Đế
                          nien hieu: Dục Đức
30 Jul      - 29 Nov 1883 Nguyễn Phc Thang ....................... 1847-1883
                          dang ton hieu: Tong Hong Đế
                          nien hieu: Hiệp Ha
02 Dec 1883 - 31 Jul 1884 Nguyễn Phc Hieu ........................ 1869-1884
                          mieu hieu: Giản Tng / dang ton hieu: Nghị Hong Đế
                          nien hieu: Kiến Phc 
02 Aug 1884 - 05 Jul 1885 Nguyễn Phc Minh ........................ 1871-1943
                          mieu hieu: Hm Nghi
19 Sep 1885 - 28 Jan 1889 Nguyễn Phc Bien ........................ 1864-1889
                          mieu hieu: Cảnh Tng /dang ton hieu: Thuần Hong Đế
                          nien hieu: Đồng Khnh
01 Feb 1889 - 03 Sep 1907 Nguyễn Phc Chin ....................... 1879-1954ự
                          mieu hieu: Thnh Thi
05 Sep 1907 - 03 May 1916 Nguyễn Phc Hoảng ....................... 1900-1945
                          mieu hieu: Duy Tn
18 May 1916 - 06 Nov 1925 Nguyễn Phc Tuản ........................ 1885-1925
                          mieu hieu: Hoằng Tng/dang ton hieu: Tuyn Hong Đế
                          nien hieu: Khải Định
08 Jan 1926 - 25 Aug 1945 Nguyễn Phc Vĩnh Thụy ................... 1913-1997
                          mieu hieu: Bảo Đai
 
Prime Minister
09 Mar      - 07 Apr 1945 Pham Quynh .............................. 1892-1945
07 Apr      - 19 Aug 1945 Tran Trong Kim .......................... 1882-1953
_____________________________________________________________________________
 
Lords (Ruling in Hanoi)
-Trịnh Dynasty-
       1545 -        1570 Trịnh Kiếm
       1570               Trịnh Cồi
       1570 -        1623 Trịnh Tng
       1623 -        1652 Trịnh Trng
       1652 -    Aug 1682 Trịnh Tạc
   Aug 1682 -        1709 Trịnh Căn
   May 1709 -    Oct 1729 Trịnh Cượng
   Oct 1709 -        1740 Trịnh Giang
       1740 -        1767 Trịnh Doanh
       1767 -    Oct 1782 Trịnh Sm
   Oct      -    Nov 1782 Trịnh Cn
   Nov 1782 -    Sep 1786 Trịnh Khải
   Sep 1786 -    Sep 1787 Trịnh Bng
 
Lords (Ruling in Hue)
-Nguyễn Dynasty-
       1558 -        1613 Nguyễn Hoảng
       1613 -        1635 Nguyễn Phc
       1635 -        1648 Nguyễn Phc Lan
       1648 -        1687 Nguyễn Phc Tn
       1687 - 07 Feb 1691 Nguyễn Phc Trăn
07 Feb 1691 - 01 Jun 1725 Nguyễn Phc Chu
01 Jun 1725 - 07 Jun 1738 Nguyễn Phc Chứ
07 Jun 1738 - 07 Jun 1765 Nguyễn Phc Khot
01 Jan 1766 - 1776        Nguyễn Phc Thuấn
1776 - 1777               Nguyễn Phc Dượng
       1778 - 31 May 1802 Nguyễn Phc nh

 
Vietnam, coat of arms
      Adopted 1976
Coat of arms of Vietnam.svg
        1945-1975
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
 
30 Aug 1945               Socialist Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam)
02 Jul 1976 -             Unification with the South as Socialist Republic of Vietnam
 
First Secretaries  of the Communist Party of Vietnam
02 Sep 1945 - 01 Nov 1956 Troung Chinh ............................ 1907-1988
01 Nov 1956 - 10 Sep 1960 H Ch Minh ............................. 1890-1969
10 Sep 1960 - 10 Jul 1986 Le Duan ..................... ........... 1908-1986
                          (In North only until to 02 Jul 1976)
14 Jul      - 18 Dec 1986 Troung Chinh ............................ 1908-1988
18 Dec 1986 - 27 Jun 1991 Nguyễn Van Linh ......................... 1915-1998
27 Jun 1991 - 29 Dec 1997 Do Muoi ................................. 1917-
29 Dec 1997 - 22 Apr 2001 Le Kha Phieu ............................ 1931-
22 Apr 2001 - 19 Jan 2011 Nng Đ Mạnh ............................ 1940-
19 Jan 2011 -             Nguyễn Ph Trọng ........................ 1944-
 
President of the Vietnamese Communist Party
02 Sep 1945 - 02 Sep 1969 H Ch Minh ............................. s.a
                          (First Secretary and President 1946-1969)
Presidents                      
03 Sep 1969 - 30 Mar 1980 Tn Đc Thng ........................... 1888-1980
                          (In North only until to 02 Jul 1976)
30 Mar 1980 - 04 Jul 1981 Nguyn Hứu Thọ .......................... 1910-1996
04 Jul 1981 - 18 Jun 1987 Trứng Chinh ............................ s.a
18 Jun 1987 - 22 Sep 1992 V Ch Cng ............................. 1912-2011
22 Sep 1992 - 24 Sep 1997 Le Đức Anh .............................. 1920-
24 Sep 1997 - 27 Jun 2006 Tran Đức Lương .......................... 1937-
27 Jun 2006 - 25 Jul 2011 Nguyn Minh Triết ....................... 1942-
25 Jul 2011 -             Trương Tấn Sang ......................... 1949-
 
Prime Ministers
02 Sep 1945 - 20 Sep 1955 H Ch Minh ............................. s.a
20 Sep 1955 - 18 Jun 1987 Phm Văn Đng ........................... 1908-2000
                          (In North only until to 02 Jul 1976)
18 Jun 1987 - 10 Mar 1988 Phm Hng ............................... 1912-1988
22 Jun 1988 - 08 Aug 1991 Đ Mười ................................. s.a
08 Aug 1991 - 25 Sep 1997 V Văn Khệt ............................. 1922-2008
25 Sep 1997 - 27 Jun 2006 Phan Văn Khải ........................... 1933-
27 Jun 2006 -             Nguyn Vn Dũng ......................... 1949-
 

                        
South Vietnam
File:Coat of arms of the Republic of South Vietnam.svg
(1969) 1975-1976
   South Vietnam, coat of arms
         1949-1975
01 Jun 1946 - 08 Oct 1947 Autonomous Republic of Cochin China
08 Oct 1947 - 27 May 1948 South Vietnam
27 May 1948               Vietnam (South Vietnam)
14 Jun 1949               French associated state (State of Vietnam)
21 Jul 1954               Division of two Vietnams formalised by treaty of Geneva
26 Oct 1955               Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam)
08 Jun 1969 - 30 Apr 1975 Establishment of a rival Socialist government in rebellion
01 May 1975               Republic of South Vietnam
02 Jul 1976 -             North and South united as Socialist Republic of Vietnam
 
Presidents
01 Jun      - 10 Nov 1946 Nguyễn Vản Thinh ........................ 1884-1946
15 Nov      - 07 Dec 1946 Nguyễn Vản Xun ......................... 1892-1989
                          (1st Time)
07 Dec 1946 - 08 Oct 1947 L Vản Hoach ............................ 1896-1978
08 Oct 1947 - 14 Jun 1949 Nguyễn Vản Xun (2nd Time)
Chief of State
14 Jun 1949 - 30 Apr 1955 Phc Vĩnh Thụy Bảo Đai .................. s.a
Presidents
01 May 1955 - 02 Nov 1963 Ng Dnh Diệm ........................... 1901-1963
02 Nov 1963 - 30 Jan 1964 Dượng Vản Minh .......................... 1916-2001
                          (1st Time)
                          (Chairmen of the Revolutionary Military Committee)
30 Jan      - 08 Feb 1964 Nguyễn Khnh ............................ 1927-2013
                          (1st Time, Military)
08 Feb      - 16 Aug 1964 Dượng Vản Minh (2nd Time)
16 Aug      - 27 Aug 1964 Nguyễn Khnh (2nd Time)
                          (Military)
27 Aug      - 08 Sep 1964 Tran Thien Khiem ........................ 1925-
                          (Military)
08 Sep      - 26 Oct 1964 Dượng Vản Minh (3rd Time)
26 Oct 1964 - 14 Jun 1965 Phan Pấc Sửu ............................ 1905-1970
                          (Military)
14 Jun 1965 - 21 Apr 1975 Nguyễn Vản Thieu ........................ 1923-2001
21 Apr      - 28 Apr 1975 Trấn Vản Hượng .......................... 1902-1982
28 Apr      - 30 Apr 1975 Dượng Vản Minh (4th Time)
Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Government
30 Apr 1975 - 02 Jul 1976 Hunh Tn Pt ........................... 1913-1989
                          (In rebellion 08 Jun 1969 - 30 Apr 1975)
 
Prime Ministers
13 Jun 1949 - 21 Jan 1950 Phc Vĩnh Thụy Bảo Đai
21 Jan      - 26 Apr 1950 Nguyễn Phan Long ........................ 1888-1960
27 Apr 1950 - 06 Jun 1952 Tran Vản Hữu ............................ 1896-1984
06 Jun 1952 - 17 Dec 1953 Nguyễn Vản Tm .......................... 1895-1990
17 Dec 1953 - 16 Jun 1954 Prince Nguyễn Phc Bửu Lộc .............. 1914-1990
26 Jun 1954 - 26 Oct 1955 Ng Dnh Diệm ........................... s.a
26 Oct 1955 - 06 Nov 1963 Post Abolish
06 Nov 1963 - 30 Jan 1964 Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ ......................... 1908-
08 Feb      - 29 Aug 1964 Nguyễn Khnh ............................ s.a
29 Aug 1964 - 28 Jan 1965 Trấn Vản Hượng (1st Time) ............... s.a
28 Jan      - 16 Feb 1965 Nguyễn Xun Onh ........................ s.a
16 Feb      - 08 Jun 1965 Phan Huy Qut ........................... 1908-1979
19 Jun 1965 - 31 Oct 1967 Nguyễn Cao Kỳ ........................... 1930-2011
01 Nov 1967 - 17 May 1968 Nguyễn Vản Lộc .......................... 1922-
17 May 1968 - 31 Aug 1969 Trấn Vản Hượng (2nd Time)
01 Sep 1969 - 04 Apr 1975 Trấn Thiệm Khim ........................ s.a
04 Apr      - 28 Apr 1975 Nguyễn B Cẩn ........................... 1930-2009
28 Apr      - 30 Apr 1975 Vũ Vản Mẫu .............................. 1914-1998
Chairman of the Presidium of the Consultative Council
30 Apr 1975 - 02 Jul 1976 Nguyn Hu Thọ .......................... 1910-1996
                          (In rebellion 08 Jun 1969 - 30 Apr 1975)
 
US Military Assistance Command in Vietnam
08 Feb 1962 - 20 Jun 1964 Paul D. Harkinss ........................ 1904-1984
20 Jun 1964 - 22 Mar 1968 William Childs Westmoreland ............. 1914-2005
22 Mar 1968 - 30 Jun 1972 Creighton Williams Abrams, Jr ........... 1914-1974
01 Jul 1972 - 29 Mar 1973 Frederick C. Weyand ..................... 1916-

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