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Apsny / Apkhazeti / Abkhazia
Abkhazia, coat of arms
Adopted 23 Jul 1992
           To 1864 
c.510                     Abkhaz Lordship
        767 - 07 May 1014 Kingdom of Abkhazia
1014 - 1440               Part of Georgia
       1440               Abkhaz Principality
       1578               Part of Ottoman Empire
22 Jun 1810               Russian protectorate
24 Jun 1866               Annexed by Russian Empire
       1883 - 1917        Sukhumi district part of Kutaisi governorate
08 Mar 1918               Independence declared
19 Apr 1918 - 25 Feb 1921 Declared part of Georgian Republic
04 Mar 1921               Abkhazian SSR declared
16 Dec 1921               Soviet Socialist Republic of Abkhazia within Georgia
17 Apr 1930               Abkhazian ASSR within Georgia
25 Aug 1990               Abkhazia declares itself part of Russian SFSR (not recognised)
23 Jul 1992               Independence declared from Georgia (not recognised)
   Aug 1992 - 27 Sep 1993 Georgian occupation of Sukhumi
16 Aug 2008               After the South Ossetian War, Abkhazia regains control of areas
                           under Georgian control, on 26 Aug Russia recognises Abkhazian independence
 
Government: Republic.
Capital: Akva (Sukhumi).
Language: Abkhaz, Georgian, Russian, Armenian, Greek, Svan.
Religion: Orthodox, Islam, Abkhaz Pagan, Jewish.
National Anthem: "Aiaaira" (Victory).
National Emblem: Arash.
National Day: Independence Day, 23 July (1992).
National Motto: None.
Currency: Abkhazian aspar, Russian Ruble.
 
Monarchs
5..-... Anchabadze, Opsit
...-... Anchabadze, Skeparna
...-... Anchabadze, Anos
...-... Anchabadze, Ghozar
...-... Anchabadze, Dzeustininian
...-... Anchabadze, Filiktos
...-... Anchabadze, Barnuk
...-... Anchabadze, Dimitri I
...-... Anchabadze, Fiodor
...-... Anchabadze, Konstinte I
746-791 Anchabadze, Levanti I
791-811 Anchabadze, Levanti II
811-837 Anchabadze, Fiodor II
837-872 Anchabadze, Dimitri II
872-876 Anchabadze, Giorgi I
876-880 Shavliani, Levanti III
880-887 Shavliani, Adarnase
887-898 Anchabadze, Bagrat I
898-916 Anchabadze, Konstante II
916     Anchabadze, Bagrat II
916-960 Anchabadze, Giorgi II
960-969 Anchabadze, Levanti IV
969-976 Anchabadze, Dimitri III
976-978 Anchabadze, Fiodor III "The Blind"
978-994 Anchabadze, Gurandukht
978 - 07 May 1014 Bagratuni, Bagrat III "The Unifier"
1040      Chachba, Dagato I
1184-1213 Chachba, Dagato II
1213-1243 Chachba, Dardan I
1249-1293 Bagratuni, Davit I Narin
1293-1327 Bagratuni, Konstante IV
1327-1239 Bagratuni, Mikeli I
1329-1330 Bagratuni, Bagrat V
1440-1459 Shervashidze, Davit II Hutuni
1459-1491 Shervashidze, Rabia
1491-1520 Shervashidze, Salomoni I
1520-1578 Shervashidze, Ars Khan
1625-1637 Shervashidze, Taymuraz
1637-1650 Shervashidze, Khara Begi
1650-1665 Shervashidze, Kuapu
1665-1700 Shervashidze, Salomoni II
1700-1730 Shervashidze, Dzhigetshi
1730-1750 Shervashidze, Hamid Begi
1750-1757 Shervashidze, Manuchar I
1757-1770 Shervashidze, Manuchar II
1770-1779 Shervashidze, Zurab
1779-1789 Shervashidze, Levanti V
1789-1806 Shervashidze, Kalesh-Ahmed Begi
14 May 1806 - 22 Jun 1810 Shervashidze, Arslan Begi
22 Jun 1810 - 13 Nov 1821 Shervashidze, Safar Ali Begi
13 Nov 1821 - 28 Oct 1822 Shervashidze, Dimitri IV
28 Oct 1822 - 15 Feb 1864 Shervashidze, Mikeli
15 Feb 1864 -        1865 Shervashidze, Giorgi III
   Jul      -    Aug 1866 Shervashidze, Giorgi IV (in rebellion)
Presidents
1917 - 1918               .....
23 Jul 1992 - 12 Feb 2005 Vladislav Grigori-ipa Ardzinba .......... 1945-2010
                          (Chairman of the Parliament to 26 Nov 1994)
12 Feb 2005 - 29 May 2011 Sergei Uasyl-ipa Bagapsh ................ 1949-2011
29 May 2011 - 31 May 2014 Alyksandr Zolotinska-ipa Ankvab ......... 1952-
                          (acting to 26 Sep 2011
01 Jun      - 25 Sep 2014 Valeri Bganpa ........................... 1953-
                          (acting, president of the Parliament)
25 Sep 2014 -             Raul Jumka-ipa Khadjimba ................ 1958-
 
 
Prime Ministers
08 Nov 1917 - 1918        Simon Basariya .......................... 1884-1942
04 Dec 1990 -    Oct 1992 Vazha Illarion Zarandia ................. 1932-
   Oct 1992 -        1993 Tamaz Vladimir Nadareishvili ............ 1954-2004
            - 27 Sep 1993 Zhiuli Kalistrati-ipa Shartava .......... 1944-1993
27 Sep 1993 -        1994 Sokrat Racha Djindjolia ................. 1937-
       1994 - 29 Apr 1997 Genadi Leonid-ipa Gagulia ............... 1948-
                          (1st Time)
29 Apr 1997 -    Dec 1999 Sergei Wasyl-ipa Bagapsh ................ 1949-
   Dec 1999 -    Jun 2001 Vyacheslav Mikhail-ipa Tsugba ........... 1944-
   Jun 2001 - 29 Nov 2002 Anri Mikhail-ipa Jergenia ............... 1941-
29 Nov 2002 - 22 Apr 2003 Genadi Leonid-ipa Gagulia (2nd Time)
22 Apr 2003 - 06 Oct 2004 Raul Jumka-ipa Khadjimba ................ s.a
06 Oct 2004 - 14 Feb 2005 Nodar Vladimir-ipa Khashba .............. 1951-
14 Feb 2005 - 13 Feb 2010 Alyksandr Zolotinska-ipa Ankvab
13 Feb 2010 - 27 Sep 2011 Sergey Miron-ipa Shamba ................. 1951-
27 Sep 2011 - 02 Jun 2014 Leonid Ivan-ipa Laderbaia ............... 1947-
02 Jun      - 01 Oct 2014 Vladimir Delba .......................... 1974-
                          (acting)
01 Oct 2014 -             Beslan Butba ............................ 1960-
 
 
 
[United Nations
 Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) 1993-2009]
 
   Aug 1993               UN observer mission to Georgia based in Sukhumi,
                           Abkhazia to monitor the Abkhaz-Georgian ceasefire 
15 Jun 2009               Continuation of the mission vetoed by Russia
 
Heads of the Mission of the United Nations Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG)
   Aug 1993 - 30 Jun 1997 Eduard Brunner .......................... 1932-2007 (Switzerland)
01 Jul 1997 - 18 Oct 1999 Liviu Bota .............................. 1936-     (Romania)
18 Oct 1999 - 23 May 2002 Dieter Boden ............................ 1940-     (Germany)
23 May 2002 - 16 Jul 2006 Heidi Tagliavini ........................ 1950-     (Switzerland)
16 Jul 2006 -    Sep 2008 Jean Arnault ............................ 1951-     (France)
30 Sep 2008 - 15 Jun 2009 Johan C. Verbeke ........................ 1951-     (Belgium)
 
Abkhazia Region within Georgia: see Georgia

2009
2008