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Ireland, coat of arms - vector image
Adopted 9 Nov 1945
  
      1922-1945
  Thumbnail for version as of 18:33, 21 November 2010
 Kingdom from 1542
 
        To 1541
 
Éire
 
1980 BC                   Legendary founding of the Celtic Kingdom of Ireland
1934 BC - 1258 AD         Kingdom of Ireland
1155                      Papal Bull 'bestows' Ireland to England
17 Oct 1171 - 18 Jun 1541 Lordship of Ireland
1200 - 1258               Occupide by England
1258 - 1290               Kingdom of Ireland
1290 - 1315               Occupide by England
   Jun 1315 - 14 Oct 1318 Kingdom of Ireland
18 Jun 1541               Kingdom of Ireland in personal union with England
   Aug 1598 - 24 Dec 1601 Kingdom of Ireland (de facto independence)
23 Oct 1641 - 27 Apr 1653 Irish wars led by Catholic Confederation
17 Mar 1642 - 12 Aug 1652 Irish Catholic Confederation in rebellion
                           against English parliamentary forces
01 Aug 1649 - 08 May 1660 Part of the Commenwealth of England and Scotland
12 Mar 1689 - 03 Oct 1691 Jacobite rebellion
01 Jan 1801               Part of Great Britain
24 Apr      - 29 Apr 1916 Easter Rebellion
24 Apr      - 30 Apr 1916 Irish Kingdom (proposed German allied state)
24 Apr 1916 - 11 Jul 1921 Anglo-Irish war
21 Jan 1919               Independence proclamed as the Irish Republic
                          (not recognised by Great Britain)
03 May 1921 - 06 Dec 1922 Southern Ireland (autonomous)
06 Dec 1922               Irish Free State (British Dominion)
29 Dec 1937               Éire (Ireland)
18 Apr 1949 -             Republic of Ireland
01 Jan 1973               Accession to the EEC
 
Government: Republic.
Capital: Dublin.
Language: Irish, English.
Religion: Roman Cathlic.
Nathional Anthem: "Amhrán na bhFiann" (The Soldiers Song).
Nathional Emblem: Irish Harp, Shamrock.
National Day: Independence day: 6th December (1922) from UK.
               17th March: St Patricks day (461).
National Motto: Fé Mhóid Bheith Saor (Sworn to be free).
EU Accession: 1st January 1973.
Currency: Euro, (Irish Pound 1938-2001).
 
Airdrigh ouÉire (High King of Tara)
1934-1933 Fir Bolg, Slainge
1933-1931 Fir Bolg, Rudraige
1931-1927 Fir Bolg, Gann
1931-1927 Fir Bolg, Genann
1927-1922 Fir Bolg, Sengann
1922-1917 Fir Bolg, Faicha Cennfinnan
1917-1911 Fir Bolg, Rinnal
1911-1907 Fir Bolg, Fodbgen
1907-1897 Fir Bolg, Eochaidh I MacEirc
1897-1891 Tuatha de Danaan, Breas
1891-1871 Tuatha de Danaan, Nuadah
1871-1831 Tuatha de Danaan, Lugh
1831-1750 Tuatha de Danaan, Eochaidh II
1750-1740 Tuatha de Danaan, Dealbhaeth
1740-1730 Tuatha de Danaan, Fiacha
1730-1700 Tuatha de Danaan, MacGuill
1730-1700 Tuatha de Danaan, MacCeacht
1730-1701 Tuatha de Danaan, MacGreine
1701-1700 Ui Niall, Heber
1700-1684 Ui Niall, Heremon
1684-1681 Ui Niall, Muimhne
1683-1681 Ui Niall, Luighne
1683-1681 Ui Niall, Laighne
1681      Ui Niall, Ir
1681      Ui Niall, Orba
1681      Ui Niall, Fearon
1681      Ui Niall, Ferga
1681      Ui Niall, Nuadha I Neacht
1681-1671 Ui Niall, Irial Faidh
1670-1651 Ui Niall, Eithrial
1650-1621 Ui Niall, Conmael
1620-1544 Ui Niall, Tighernmas
1536-1533 Ui Niall, Eochaidh III Eadghadhach
1533-1493 Ui Niall, Cearmna
1532-1493 Ui Niall, Sobhairce
1493-1473 Ui Niall, Eochaidh IV
1473-1449 Ui Niall, Fiacha Labhrainne
1449-1428 Ui Niall, Eochaidh V Mumho
1427-1410 Ui Niall, Aegnus Olmucadha
1410-1383 Ui Niall, Enna Airgtheach
1382-1358 Ui Niall, Roitheachtaigh I
1357-1353 Ui Niall, Sedna
1353-1333 Ui Niall, Fiacha I Finsothach
1332-1328 Ui Niall, Muineamhon
1327-1318 Ui Niall, Faildeargdoid
1318-1278 Ui Niall, Eochaidh VI Ollmah Fodhla
1278-1258 Ui Niall, Elim I
1258-1241 Ui Niall, Slanoll
1241-1230 Ui Niall, Gedhe
1230-1209 Ui Niall, Fiacha II Finnailches
1209-1197 Ui Niall, Bearnghal
1197-1181 Ui Niall, Oilioll I
1180-1130 Ui Niall, Sírna
1130-1024 Ui Niall, Roitheachtaigh II
1024-1023 Ui Niall,Elim II
1023-1014 Ui Niall, Giallchaidh
1014-1002 Ui Niall, Art I Imleach
1002-962 Ui Niall, Nuadhat Finnfail
962-953 Ui Niall, Breas
953-952 Ui Niall, Eochaidh VII Apthach
952-930 Ui Niall, Finn
929-910 Ui Niall, Sedna II Innarraigh
909-904 Ui Niall, Simon
903-894 Ui Niall, Duach I
894-892 Ui Niall, Muireadhach Bolgrach
892-881 Ui Niall, Enda
881-872 Ui Niall, Lughaidh I Iardonn
972-856 Ui Niall, Sirlamh
856-844 Ui Niall, Eochaidh VIII Uaircheas
844-839 Ui Niall, Eochaidh IX Fiadhmuime
843-839 Ui Niall, Conaing Begeaglach (1st Time)
839-832 Ui Niall, Lughaidh II
831-812 Ui Niall, Conaing Begeaglach (2nd Time)
811-806 Ui Niall, Art II
806-796 Ui Niall, Fiacha IV Tolgrach
795-785 Ui Niall, Oilioll II
785-778 Ui Niall, Eochaidh X
777-747 Ui Niall, Airgeatmhar
747-737 Ui Niall, Duach II Ladhgrach
737-731 Ui Niall, Lughaidh III Laighdhe
731-724 Ui Niall, Áedh I (1st Time)
723-717 Ui Niall, Diothorba (1st Time)
717-709 Ui Niall, Cimbaeth
709-703 Ui Niall, Áedh I (2nd Time)
702-688 Ui Niall, Diothorba (2nd Time)
688-681 Ui Niall, Áedh I (3rd Time)
682-675 Ui Niall, Diothorba (3rd Time)
667-654 Ui Niall, Macha
654-634 Ui Niall, Reachtaidh Righdhearg
633-594 Ui Niall, Úgaine
594     Ui Niall, Badhbhchadh
594-592 Ui Niall, Loeguire I Lorc
592-542 Ui Niall, Cobhthach Cael Breagh
541-523 Ui Niall, Labhraidh
522-506 Ui Niall, Melghe Molbhthach
506-499 Ui Niall, Modhcorb
499-481 Ui Niall, Aengus II
481-474 Ui Niall, Irereo
474-763 Ui Niall, Fearcorb
763-443 Ui Niall, Connla
442-418 Ui Niall, Oilioll III
418-414 Ui Niall, Adamair
414-396 Ui Niall, Eochaidh XI Ailtleathan
395-385 Ui Niall, Feargus I Fortamhail
312-293 Ui Niall, Enna II Aighneach
292-289 Ui Niall, Crimthann Cosgrach
289-219 Ui Niall, Rory I
219-210 Ui Niall, Innatmar
210-199 Ui Niall, Breasal Boidhiobhach
198-184 Ui Niall, Lughaidh IV Luaighne
184-159 Ui Niall, Congal Claroineach
159-143 Ui Niall, Fathach, Fachtna
143-131 Ui Niall, Feidlech, Eochaidh XII
131-116 Ui Niall, Edescel
111-110 Ui Niall, Nuada Necht
110-40 Ui Niall, Conaire Mor
33-9 Ui Niall, Lugaid I Raib nDerg
9-8 Ui Niall, Conachobar Abradruad
8 BC-9 AD Ui Niall, Crimmthan Nai Nair
9-14 Ui Niall, Cair Cinnchait
14-39 Ui Niall, Feradach Finnfechtach
36-39 Ui Niall, Fiatach Finn I
39-56 Ui Niall, Faicha Finnfolaidh I
56-76 Ui Niall, Elim II
76-106 Ui Niall, Tuathal Teachtmhar
106-110 Ui Niall, Mal I
110-119 Ui Niall, Fedlimid Rechtmar
119-122 Ui Niall, Cathair Mor
122-157 Ui Niall, Conn Cetchathach
157-165 Ui Niall, Conaire
165-195 Ui Niall, Art III Mac Cuinn
195-225 Ui Niall, Lugaid II Mac Con
225-226 Ui Niall, Fergus Dubdetach
226-266 Ui Niall, Cormac mac Airt
266-267 Ui Niall, Eochaidh XIII Gonnat
267-284 Ui Niall, Cirber I
284-285 Ui Niall, Fothad Cairpthech
284-285 Ui Niall, Fothad Airgthech
285-322 Ui Niall, Faicha Sraibhtine
322-326 Ui Niall, Colla Uais
326-356 Ui Niall, Tirech, Muiredach
356-357 Ui Niall, Caelbad
357-365 Ui Niall, Mugmedon, Eochaidh XIV
365-379 Ui Niall, MacFidaig, Crimmthann mac Fidaig
379-405 Ui Niall, Nail Noigallach I
405-428 Ui Niall, Daithi I
428-463 Ui Niall, Loeguire II
463-483 Ui Niall, MacNath, Ailill Montl I
483-507 Ui Niall, Lugaid III
507-534 Ó'Néill, Muirchertch O'Neil
534-544 Ó'Néill, Tuathal Maelgarb MacCorpri Caerch
544-565 Ó'Néill, Diarnait O'Neil
565-566 Ó'Néill, Domnall O'Neil
565-566 Ó'Néill, Forggus MacMuirchertaig O'Neil
566-569 Ó'Néill, Ainmere MacSatai O'Neil
569-572 Ó'Néill, Baetan MacMuirchertaig O'Neil
569-572 Ó'Néill, Eochaid XV MacDomnaill O'Neil
572-581 Ó'Néill, Baetan MacNinnedo O'Neil
581-598 Ó'Néill, Áedh Slaine MacAinmerech O'Neil
598-604 Ó'Néill, Áedh Slaide MacDiarmato O'Neil
604-612 Ó'Néill, Áedh Uraidonach MacDomnail O'Neil
612-615 Ó'Néill, Máel Cobo MacAedo O'Neil
615-628 Ó'Néill, Suibne Menn MacFaichnail O'Neil
628-642 Ó'Néill, Domnall MacAedo O'neil
642-654 Ó'Néill, Conall Coel MacMaele O'Neil
642-658 Ó'Néill, Cellach MacMeale Cobo O'Neil
656-665 Ó'Néill, Dairmait MacAedo Slaine O'Neil
656-666 Ó'Néill, Blathmac MacAedo Slaine O'neil
666-671 Ó'Néill, Sechnussach MacBlaithmaic O'Neil
671-675 Ó'Néill, Cenn Faelad MacBlaithmaic O'Neil
675-695 Ó'Néill, Finsnechtae Fledach MacDunahada O'Neil
694-704 Ó'Néill, Loingsech MacOengus O'Neil
704 - 710              Ó'Néill, Congal Cinn Magir MacFergus Fanat O'Neil
      710 - 11 Dec 722 Ó'Néill, Fergal O'Neil
722 - 724              Ó'Néill, Fogartach MacNeill O'Neil
724 - 728              Ó'Néill, Cinead MacIrgalaig
728 - 734              Ó'Néill, Flaithbbertach
734 - 743              Ó'Néill, Áedh Allen
      743 - 20 Nov 763 Ó'Néill, Domnall Midi O'Neil
763 - 770              Ó'Néill, Niall Frosshach MacFergal O'Neil
      770 - 06 Feb 797 O'Néill, Donnchad Midi MacDomnaill O'Neil
797 - 819               Ó'Néill, Áedh O'Neil
819 - 833               Ó'Néill, Conachobar O'Neil
833 - 846               Ó'Néill, Naill Caille MacAedo
       846 - 30 Nov 862 Ó'Néill, Malachy Sechnail MacMeale O'Neil
30 Nov 862 - 20 Nov 879 Ó'Néill, Áedh Findlaith MacNeill O'Neil
20 Nov 879 - 25 May 916 Ó'Néill, Flann Sionna MacMeale Sechnaill O'Neil
25 May 916 - 14 Sep 919 Ó'Néill, Nail Glundubn MacAedo Findlaith O'Neil
14 Sep 919 - 944        Ó'Néill, Donnchad Don MacFlann O'Neil
944 - 956               Ó'Néill, Congalach Cnognba MacMael Mitig O'Neil
956 - 980               Ó'Néill, Domnall MacMuirchertaig
980 - 1002               Ó'Néill, Malachy II Sechnaill (1st Time)
       1002 - 23 Apr 1014 Ó'Brien, Brian I Boru
23 Apr 1014 - 02 Sep 1022 Ó'Néill, Malachy II Sechnaill (2nd Time)
       1042 - 07 Feb 1072 Ó'Néill, Diamait I, King of Leinster
       1072 - 14 Jul 1086 Ó'Néill, Toirdhelbach I, King of Munster
14 Jul 1086 - 1119        Ó'Néill, Muircheartagh II, King of Munster
       1090 - 09 Feb 1121 Ó'Néill, Macardgar, Domhnall V, King of Ailech and Cenel
       1121 - 20 May 1156 Ó'Néill, Toirdhelnach II
1156 - 1166               Ó'Néill, Muircheartagh III
       1166 - 06 Nov 1175 Ó'Néill, Ruaidhrí Ua Conchobhair
20 Aug 1170 - 20 Apr 1176 Richard de Clare Srongbow,
                           Earl of Pembroke (Lord of Ireland) .................. 1130-1176
20 Apr 1176 - 25 Apr 1185 Henry II of England
                          (Lord of Ireland)
1189 - 1200               Ó'Neill, Cathal
16 Mar 1254 - 1265        Edward "Longshanks" of England ....................... 1239-1307
                          (Lord of Ireland)
1258 - 1260               Ó'Néill, Brian II Catha an Dúin ...................... 1215-1260
                          (in dissidence)
01 May 1316 - 14 Oct 1318 de'Bruis, Éadbhard a Brús ............................ 1275-1318
14 Aug 1598 - 24 Dec 1601 Aodh Mór Ó Neíll ..................................... 1540-1616
                          (High King, in dissidence)
18 Jun 1541 - 04 Jan 1649 The Monarchs of England (from 1603 and of Scotland)
09 Jul 1652 - 15 Sep 1653 Eóghan Ruaidh Uí Néill ............................... 1590-1649
                          (Lord-Lieutenant for the Confederacy)
08 May 1660 - 01 May 1707 The Monarchs of England and Scotland
12 Mar 1689 - 12 Jul 1690 Stiubhart, Séumas II of England and VII of Scotland .. 1633-1701
                          (In rebellion)
01 May 1707 - 31 Dec 1800 The Monarchs of Great Britain
01 Jan 1801 - 21 Jan 1919 The Monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland
24 Apr      - 30 Apr 1916 Hohenzollen, Prince Joachim of Prussia ............... 1890-1920
                          (Proposed, remained in Germany)
06 Dec 1922 - 18 Apr 1949 The Monarchs of the United Kingdom
 
Presidents (1919-1923 of the Dáil Éireann [Irish Parliament])
24 Apr      - 29 Apr 1916 Pádraig Anraí Mac Piarais ............................ 1879-1916
21 Jan 1919               Cathal Liam Seán Brugha .............................. 1874-1922 SF
22 Jan 1919               George Noble, Count Pluincéad ........................ 1851-1948
22 Jan      - 01 Apr 1919 Cathal Liam Seán Brugha
01 Apr 1919 - 09 Jan 1922 Éamon George de Valera ............................... 1882-1975 SF
09 Jan      - 12 Aug 1922 Art Gríobhtha ........................................ 1872-1922 SF
12 Aug      - 06 Dec 1922 Liam Tomás Mac Cosgair ............................... 1880-1965
                          (William Thomas Cosgrave)
17 Oct 1922 - 24 May 1923 Éamon George de Valera ............................... s.a FF
                          (in opposition)
Governors-General (Representing the British Monarch)
06 Dec 1922 - 31 Jan 1928 Tadhg Ó hEaluite ..................................... 1855-1931
01 Feb 1928 - 01 Nov 1932 Séumas Mac Néil ...................................... 1869-1938
27 Nov 1932 - 11 Dec 1936 Domhnall Ua Buachalla ................................ 1865-1963
12 Dec 1936 - 29 Dec 1937 Proinsias Pádraig Ó Fathaigh ......................... 1880-1953 FF
Uachtarán na hÉireann (Presidents)
29 Dec 1937 - 25 Jun 1938 Presidential Commission
                        - Tadhg Sullivan ....................................... 1874-1949
                        - Proinsias Pádraig Ó Fathaigh
                        - Conor Alexander Maguire .............................. 1889-1971
25 Jun 1938 - 24 Jun 1945 Dubhghlas de Híde .................................... 1860-1949 FF
                          (Douglas Hyde)
25 Jun 1945 - 24 Jun 1959 Seán Tomás Ceallaigh ................................. 1882-1966 FF
                          (John Thomas O'Kelly)
25 Jun 1959 - 24 Jun 1973 Éamon George de Valera
                          (2nd Time)
25 Jun 1973 - 17 Nov 1974 Erskine Hamilton Childers ............................ 1905-1974 FF
17 Nov      - 19 Dec 1974 Presidential Commission
19 Dec 1974 - 22 Oct 1976 Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh .................................. 1911-1978 FF
22 Oct      - 02 Dec 1976 Presidential Commission
03 Dec 1976 - 02 Dec 1990 Pádraig Seán Ó hlrighle .............................. 1923-2008 FF
                          (Patrick John Hillery)
03 Dec 1990 - 12 Sep 1997 Máire Terese Mhic Róibín ............................. 1944-     LP
                          (Mary Theresa Robinson)  
12 Sep      - 10 Nov 1997 Presidential Commission
11 Nov 1997 - 11 Nov 2011 Máire Pádraigín Mhic Ghiolla Iosa .................... 1951-     FF
                          (Mary Patricia McAleese
11 Nov 2011 -             Mícheál Daniel Ó hUiginn ............................. 1941-     LP
                          (Michael Daniel Higgins)
 
 
An Taoiseach (Prime Ministers)
21 Jan 1919 - 22 Aug 1922 Mícheál Seán Ó Coileáin .............................. 1890-1922 SF
                          (Michael Collins)
12 Jul 1922 - 09 Mar 1932 Liam Tomás Mac Cosgair
                          (acting for Ó Coileáin to 22 Aug 1922)
09 Mar 1932 - 18 Feb 1948 Éamon George de Valera (1st Time)                                FF
18 Jun 1948 - 13 Jun 1951 Seán Aloysius Mac Coisdealbha (1st Time) ............. 1891-1976 FG
                          (John Aloysius Costello)
13 Jun 1951 - 02 Jun 1954 Éamon George de Valera (2rd Time)
02 Jun 1954 - 20 Mar 1957 Seán Aloysius Mac Coisdealbha (2nd Time)
20 Mar 1957 - 23 Jun 1958 Éamon George de Valera (3rd Time)
23 Jun 1959 - 10 Nov 1966 Seán Proinsias Lemass ................................ 1899-1971 FF
10 Nov 1966 - 14 Mar 1973 Seán Maire Ó Loinsigh (1st Time) ..................... 1917-1999 FF
                          (Jack Lynch)
14 Mar 1973 - 05 Jul 1977 Liam Mac Cosgair ..................................... 1920-     FG
05 Jul 1977 - 11 Dec 1979 Seán Maire Ó Loinsigh (2nd Time)
11 Dec 1979 - 30 Jun 1981 Cathal Seumas Ó hEochaidh ............................ 1925-2006 FF
                          (Charles James Haughey)
30 Jun 1981 - 09 Mar 1982 Gearóid Mac Gearailt ................................. 1926-2011 FG
09 Mar      - 14 Dec 1982 Cathal Seumas Ó hEochaidh (2nd Time)
14 Dec 1982 - 10 Mar 1987 Gearóid Mac Gearailt (2nd Time)
10 Mar 1987 - 11 Feb 1992 Cathal Seumas Ó hEochaidh (3rd Time)
11 Feb 1992 - 15 Dec 1994 Ailbhe Mac Raghnail .................................. 1932-2014 FF
                          (Albert Reynolds)
15 Dec 1994 - 26 Jun 1997 Seán Gerard de Briotún ............................... 1947-     FG
                          (John Gerard Bruton)
26 Jun 1997 - 07 May 2008 Pádraig Parthalán Ó hEachthaim ....................... 1951-     FF
                          (Bartholomew Patrick Ahern)
07 May 2008 - 09 Mar 2011 Brian Ó Comhain ...................................... 1960-     FF
                          (Brian Cowen)
09 Mar 2011 -             Éanna Ó Cionaoith .................................... 1951-     FG
                          (Enda Kenny)
 
 
CG=Comhaontas Glas (Green Party)
FG=Fine Gael (Gaelic Nation, Christian Democratic)
FF=Fianna Fáil (Republican Party, Conservative)
LP=Páirtí an Lucht Oibre (Labour Party, Social Democratic)
SF=Sinn Féin (We ourselves, Socialist, Nationalist, United Ireland)
 

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