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Moldova

Moldova (Moldavia), coat of arms - vector image
  Adopted 13 Jul 1990
  
         1917-1918

 

Part of Roman Empire

Part of Dacia

Part of Kingdom of the Ghepids

c. 1300                   Part of Moldavia

14 Jul 1484               Annexed by Ottoman Empire

   Oct 1788               Principality of Moldova occupied by Russia

   Mar 1792               Jedisan ceded to Russian by Ottomans by Treaty of Iasi

28 May 1812               Bessarabia annexed by Russian Empire

29 Apr 1818               Bessarabia an oblast of the Russian Empire

15 Dec 1917 - 09 Apr 1918 Democratic Republic of Moldavia

09 Apr 1918 - 28 Jun 1940 Incorporated in to Romania

28 Jun 1940               Bessarabia annexed by the Soviet Union

02 Aug 1940               Accession to the USSR

16 Jul 1941 - 24 Aug 1944 Re-incorporated in to Rumania

24 Aug 1944 - 31 Dec 1991 Annexed by USSR, Moldavian SSR

15 Sep 1947               Romania recognises Soviet sovereignty over Bessarabia

23 Jun 1990               Declaration of State Sovereignty

02 Sep 1990               Transdinistria declares independence (not recognised)

23 May 1991               Republic of Moldova

27 Aug 1991               Independence declared, effective 31 Dec 1991

07 Mar 1994               Referendum rejects union with Romania

 

Presidents

04 Dec 1917 - 12 Apr 1918 Ion Constantin Inculet ............................ 1884-1940

12 Apr      - 08 Dec 1918 Constantin Gherghe Stere .......................... 1865-1936

08 Dec      - 10 Dec 1918 Pantelimon Nicolae Halippa ........................ 1883-1979

03 Sep 1990 - 15 Jan 1997 Mircea Ion Snegur ................................. 1940-

15 Jan 1997 - 07 Apr 2001 Petru Chiril Lucinschi ............................ 1940-

07 Apr 2001 - 11 Sep 2009 Vladimir Nicolae Voronin .......................... 1941-

11 Sep 2009 - 30 Dec 2010 Mihai Ghimpu ...................................... 1951-

                          (acting)

30 Dec 2010 - 23 Mar 2012 Marian Lupu ....................................... 1966-

                          (acting)

23 Mar 2012 -             Nicolae Vasile Timofti ............................ 1948-

 

 

Prime Ministers

04 Dec 1917 - 01 Feb 1918 Pantelimon Erhan .................................. 1884-1971

01 Feb      - 27 Nov 1918 Dumitru Cugureanu ................................. 1885-1950

26 May 1990 - 28 May 1991 Mircea Gheorghe Druc

28 May 1991 - 01 Jul 1992 Valeriu Tudor Muravschi

01 Jul 1992 - 24 Jan 1997 Andrei Sangheli

24 Jan 1997 - 12 Mar 1999 Ion Ciubuc

12 Mar      - 21 Dec 1999 Ion Struza

21 Dec 1999 - 19 Apr 2001 Dumitru Braghis

19 Apr 2001 - 31 Mar 2008 Vasile Petru Tarlev ............................... 1963-

31 Mar 2008 - 14 Sep 2009 Zinaida GreceanÓi ................................. 1956-

14 Sep      - 25 Sep 2009 Vitalie PÓrlog (acting)

25 Sep 2009 - 25 Apr 2013 Vladimir Filat .................................... 1969-

25 Apr 2013 - 18 Feb 2015 Iurie Leancǎ ...................................... 1963-

18 Feb 2015 -             Kiril Gaburich .................................... 1976-

 


 
Pridnestrovian Moldovian Republic (Transnistria)
 
Pridnestrovie (Moldova), coat of arms
     Adopted 1990
 
       1792               Russians found Tiraspol
17 Apr 1919               Soviet occupation
11 May 1919               Bessarabian Socialist Soviet Republic (part of Russia)
08 Aug 1919 - 12 Feb 1920 Occupied by White Russian forces
12 Feb 1920               Incorporated into Ukraine
11 Oct 1924 - 01 Aug 1940 Maldovian ASSR established within Ukrainian SSR
02 Aug 1940               Incorporated into Moldovian SSR annexed from Romania
18 Oct 1941 - 10 Apr 1944 Annexed to Romania
02 Sep 1990               Separation declared from Moldovian SSR but not USSR
08 Dec 1990               Declaration of state soveveignty
25 Aug 1991               Independence declared (not recognised)
05 Nov 1995               Transnistrian Moldovian Republic
17 Sep 2006               Referendum supports independence from Moldova with 97%
 
Capital: Tiraspol.
Language: Russian, Romanian, Ukrainian.
National Anthem: "My Slavim tjebja, Pridnestrovje" (We Glorify You, Transnistria).
National Day: Independence Day, 2nd September (1990).
Currency: Transnistrian Rubel.
 
 
Presidents
02 Sep 1990 - 30 Dec 2011 Igor Nikolayevich Smirnov ......................... 1941-
                          (Chairman of the Republic to 03 Dec 1991)
29 Aug      - 01 Oct 1991 Andrey Panteleyevich Manoylov
                          (acting for inprisoned Smirnov)
30 Dec 2011 -             Evgen Vasylovych Shevchuk ......................... 1968-
 
 
Prime Minister
18 Jan 2012 - 10 Jul 2013 Pyotr Petrovich Stepanov .......................... 1959-
10 Jul 2013 -             Tetyana Mihaylivna Turanska ....................... 1972-
 
 
Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet
25 Nov 1990 - 30 Jan 1991 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Gonchar ................... 1944-
30 Jan 1991 - 21 Dec 2005 Grigore Stepanovici Mǎrǎkutǎ ...................... 1942-
28 Dec 2005 - 08 Jul 2009 Yevgen Vasylovych Shevchuk
22 Jul 2009 -             Anatolii Volodymyrovych Kaminskii ................. 1950-
 

 

Gagauzia

 

Gagauzia (region in Moldova), coat of arms - vector image

      Adopted 1992

 

1812                      Gagauz settle in Bessarabia after Russian annexation

30 Mar 1856 - 13 Jul 1878 Area ceded to Romania

13 Jul 1878               Annexed to Russian Empire

   Jan 1906 (5 days)      Republic of Komrat

19 Aug 1990               Gagauz Soviet Socialist Republic

07 Oct 1992               Independence proclaimed

19 Jun 1995               Gagauz-Yeri Autonomous region

 

Leader

   Jan 1906               Andrey Galatan

Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet

31 Oct 1990 - 30 Nov 1991 Stepan Mihai Topal

Heads of State

01 Dec 1991 - 19 Jun 1995 Stepan Mihai Topal

19 Jun 1995 - 24 Sep 1999 Gheorghe Dumitru Tabunscic

                          (1st Time)

24 Sep 1999 - 10 Jul 2002 Dumitru Vasil Croitor

10 Jul      - 29 Jul 2002 Ion Kristioglo

29 Jul      - 09 Nov 2002 Gheorghe Mollo

09 Nov 2002 - 29 Dec 2006 Gheorghe Dumitru Tabunscic (2nd Time)

29 Dec 2006 -             Mihai Formuzal

 


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