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Chile

   Chile, coat of arms
         Adopted 1834
             1818-1834

 

12 Feb 1541               Spanish colony,

       1541               Captincy of Chile, subordinated to Peru

       1554 -        1556 Kingdom of Chile in union with Spain

18 Sep 1818               Independence, State of Chile

14 Jul 1826 -             Republic of Chile

20 Oct 1883               Annexation of Bolivian Pacific coast

09 Sep 1888               Annexation of Easter Island

04 Jun      - 13 Sep 1932 Socialist Republic of Chile

11 Sep 1973 - 11 Mar 1990 Military rule

 

Government: Republic.

Capital: Santiago.

Language: Spanish.

Religion: Roman Catholic.

National Anthem: "Himno Nacional" ("National Himn").

National Emblem: Condor and Huemel.

National Day: Independence Day, 18 September (1818).

National Motto: Por la Razón o la Fuerza (By right or might).

Currency: Peso.

 

King

1554 - 1556               Habsburg, Filipe II of Spain

 

Supreme Directors

16 Feb 1817 - 29 Jan 1823 Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme .............................. 1778-1842

30 Jan      - 04 Apr 1823 Agustin Manuel de Eyzaguirre y Arechavala

                          (President of the Interim Governing Junta)

04 Apr 1823 - 09 Jul 1826 Ramón Freire y Serrano (1st Time)

                          (Provisinal until 21 Aug 1823)

Presidents
09 Jul      - 09 Sep 1826 Manuel José Blanco y Calvo de Encalada
09 Sep 1826 - 25 Jan 1827 Agustín Manuel de Eyzaguirre y Martínez
25 Jan      - 05 May 1827 Ramón Freire y Serrano (3rd Time)
05 May 1827 - 02 Nov 1829 Francisco Antonio y Díaz de la Puente Pinto
02 Nov      - 07 Nov 1829 Francisco Ramón de Vicuña Larraín
07 Nov      - 16 Dec 1829 Ramón Freire y Serrano (2nd Time)
24 Dec 1829 - 21 Mar 1831 José Tomás Ovalle Bezanilla
21 Mar      - 18 Sep 1831 Fernando de Errázuriz y Martínez de Aldunate
18 Sep 1831 - 18 Sep 1841 José Joaquín Prieto Vial
18 Sep 1841 - 18 Sep 1851 Manuel Bulnes Prieto
18 Sep 1851 - 18 Sep 1861 Manuel Francisco Antonio Julián Montt Torres
18 Sep 1861 - 18 Sep 1871 José Joaquín Pérez Mascayano
18 Sep 1871 - 18 Sep 1876 Federico Marcos del Rosario Errazuriz Zanartu
18 Sep 1876 - 18 Sep 1881 Aníbal Pinto Garmendia
18 Sep 1881 - 18 Sep 1886 Domingo Santa María González
18 Sep 1886 - 29 Aug 1891 José Manuel Emiliano Balmaceda Fernandez
29 Aug      - 31 Aug 1891 Manuel Jesús Baquedano González .......................... 1826-1897 Mil
                          (Chief of the provisional goverment)
31 Aug 1891 - 18 Sep 1896 Jorge Montt Álvarez ...................................... 1846-1922 Mil
                          (Chief of the Executive to 26 Dec 1891)
18 Sep 1896 - 12 Jul 1901 Federico Errázuriz Echaurren
12 Jul      - 18 Sep 1901 Aníbal Zañartu Zañartu
18 Sep 1901 - 18 Sep 1906 Germán Riesco Errázuriz
18 Sep 1906 - 16 Apr 1910 Pedro Elías Pablo Montt Montt
16 Apr      - 06 Sep 1910 Elías Fernández Albano
06 Sep      - 23 Dec 1910 Emiliano Figueroa Larraín (1st Time)
23 Dec 1910 - 23 Dec 1915 Ramón Barros Luco
23 Dec 1915 - 23 Dec 1920 Juan Luis Sanfuentes Andonaegui
23 Dec 1920 - 12 Sep 1924 Arturo Fortunato Alessandri Palma (1st Time)
12 Sep 1924 - 23 Jan 1925 Luis Altamirano Talavera ................................. 1867-1938 Mil
23 Jan      - 27 Jan 1925 Perdro Pablo Dartnell Encina ............................. 1874-1925 Mil
20 Mar      - 01 Oct 1925 Arturo Fortunato Alessandri Palma (2nd Time)
01 Oct      - 23 Dec 1925 Luis Barros Borgoño
23 Dec 1925 - 10 May 1927 Emiliano Figueroa Larraín (2nd Time)
10 May 1927 - 26 Jul 1931 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo (1st Time)
26 Jul      - 27 Jul 1931 Pedro Opazo Letelier
                          (Vice-President, acting)
27 Jul 1931 - 04 Jun 1932 Juan Esteban Montero Rodríguez
                          (Vice-President, acting until 04 Dec 1931)
04 Jun      - 16 Jun 1932 Arturo Puga Osorio
                          (Chairman of the Goverment Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile)
16 Jun      - 13 Sep 1932 Carlos Gregorio Dávila Espinosa .......................... 1887-1955
                          (Provisional President of the Socialist Republic of Chile)
13 Sep      - 02 Oct 1932 Bartolome Guillermo Blanche Espejo ....................... 1879-1970
                          (provisinal)
02 Oct      - 24 Dec 1932 Abraham Oyanedel Urrutia ................................. 1874-1952
                          (acting)
24 Dec 1932 - 24 Dec 1938 Arturo Fortunato Alessandri Palma (3rd Time)
24 Dec 1938 - 25 Nov 1941 Pedro Abelino Aguirre Cerda .............................. 1879-1941
25 Nov 1941 - 02 Apr 1942 Jerónimo Méndez Arancibia ................................ 1887-1959
02 Apr 1942 - 27 Jun 1946 Juan Antonio Ríos Morales ................................ 1888-1946
27 Jun      - 17 Oct 1946 Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez .................................. 1898-1985
17 Oct      - 03 Nov 1946 Juan Antonio Iribarren Cabezas ........................... 1885-1977
03 Nov 1946 - 03 Nov 1952 Gabriel González Videla .................................. 1898-1980
03 Nov 1952 - 03 Nov 1958 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo .................................. 1877-1960
03 Nov 1958 - 03 Nov 1964 Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez ............................... 1896-1986
03 Nov 1964 - 03 Nov 1970 Eduardo Nicanor Frei Montalva ............................ 1911-1982 PDC
03 Nov 1970 - 11 Sep 1973 Salvador Isabelino Allende Gossens ....................... 1908-1973 PS
11 Sep 1973 - 27 Jun 1974 Goverment Junta
                        - General Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte ............... 1915-2006 Mil
                          (Supreme Chief of the Nation)
                        - Santiago José Toribio Merino Castro ...................... 1915-1996 Mil
                        - Gustavo Leigh Guzmán ..................................... 1920-1999 Mil
                        - César Leonidas Mendoza Durán ............................. 1918-1996 Mil
27 Jun 1974 - 11 Mar 1990 Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte ....................... (s.a)
                          (President from 17 Dec 1974)
11 Mar 1990 - 11 Mar 1994 Patricio Aylwin Azócar ................................... 1918-     PDC
11 Mar 1994 - 11 Mar 2000 Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle .................................. 1942-     PDC
11 Mar 2000 - 11 Mar 2006 Ricardo Froilán Lagos Escobar ............................ 1938-     PPD
11 Mar 2006 - 11 Mar 2010 Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria (1st Time) .............. 1951-     PS
11 Mar 2010 - 11 Mar 2014 Dr. Miguel Juan Sebastián Piñera Echenique ............... 1949-
11 Mar 2014 -             Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria (2nd Time)
 
 
 
PDC=Partido Democrata Cristiano de Chile (Christian democratic party of Chile, Centrist)
PPD=Partido por la Democracia (Party for Democracy, Social Liberal)
PRSD=Partido Radical Social Democrata (Social Democratic Radical Party, Centrist)
PS=Partido Socialista de Chile (Socialist Party of Chile, Socialist)

Araucanía
 
Archivo:Blason du Royaume d'Araucanie et de Patagonie.svg
 
1777-1818 Araucanía outside of Spanish rule
1860-1862 Kingdom of Araucanía proclaimed
1862-1869 Annexed by Chile
1869-1871 Kingdom restored (in disstance)
1871      Incorporated in to Chile
1903      Kingdom dissolved
 
Kings
17 Nov 1860 - 17 Sep 1878 de Tounnes, Orllie Antoine I ............................. 1825-1878
17 Sep 1878 - 16 Mar 1902 de Tounnes, Achille I .................................... 1841-1902
21 Mar 1902 - 01 Nov 1903 de Tounnes, Antoine II ................................... 1833-1903

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