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Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic, coat of arms
     Adopted 1857 
 
06 Dec 1492 - 22 Sep 1795 Spanish Colony of Hispaniola
       1521               Subordinated to New Spain
20 Sep 1697               Spain cedes Saint-Domingue to France
22 Sep 1795               San Domingo ceded to to France
13 Dec 1808 - 01 Dec 1821 Returned to Spain
01 Dec 1821               Independence
09 Feb 1822 - 27 Feb 1844 Incorporated into Haiti
27 Feb 1844               Independence as Dominican Republic
18 Mar 1861 - 14 Sep 1863 Returned to a Spanish colony
14 Sep 1863               Independence restored
30 Mar 1903 - 02 Apr 1941 US occupation (protectorate from 1905)
28 Apr 1965 - 21 Sep 1966 US and OAS intervention
 
Rulers
1492 - 1496               Cristóbal Colón ................................. 1451-1506
1496 - 1500               Bartolomé Colón ................................. 1461-1514
 
Preseidents
01 Dec 1821 - 09 Feb 1822 José Núñez de Cáceres y Albor
28 Feb      - 01 Mar 1844 Francsico del Rosario Sánchez
01 Mar      - 05 Jun 1844 Tomás Bobadilla y Briones
05 Jun      - 16 Jul 1844 José María Caminero Ferrer
16 Jul 1844 - 04 Aug 1848 Pedro Santana Familias (1st Time)
08 Sep 1848 - 29 May 1849 Manuel José Jimenes González
30 May      - 23 Sep 1849 Pedro Santana Familias (2nd Time)
24 Sep 1849 - 15 Feb 1853 Buenaventura Báez Méndez (1st Time)
15 Feb 1853 - 26 May 1856 Pedro Santana Familias (3rd Time)
26 May      - 08 Oct 1856 Manuel de Regla Mota y Alvarez de Fuentes
08 Oct 1856 - 13 Jun 1858 Buenaventura Báez Méndez (1st Time)
13 Jun      - 28 Jul 1858 José Desidero Valverde Pérez
28 Jul 1858 - 18 Mar 1861 Pedro Santana Familias (4th Time)
14 Sep 1863 - 10 Oct 1864 José Antonio Salcedo Ramírez
10 Oct 1864 - 23 Jan 1865 Gaspar Polanco y Borbón
24 Jan      - 24 Mar 1865 Benigno Filomeno de Rojas y Ramos
25 May      - 04 Aug 1865 Pedro Antonio Pimentel Chamorro
04 Aug      - 15 Nov 1865 José María Cabral y de Luna (1st Time)
15 Nov      - 08 Dec 1865 Pedro Guillermo y Guerrero
08 Dec 1865 - 29 May 1866 Buenaventura Báez Méndez (2nd Time)
22 Aug 1866 - 31 Jan 1868 José María Cabral y de Luna (2nd Time)
02 May 1868 - 02 Jan 1874 Buenaventura Báez Méndez (3rd Time)
06 Apr 1874 - 23 Feb 1876 Ignacio María González y Santín (1st Time)
29 Apr      - 05 Oct 1876 Ulises Francisco Espaillat y Quinoñes
11 Nov      - 09 Dec 1876 Ignacio María González y Santín (1st Time)
27 Dec 1876 - 01 Mar 1878 Buenaventura Báez Méndez (4th Time)
06 Jul      - 02 Sep 1878 Ignacio María González y Santín (3rd Time)
30 Sep 1878 - 06 Dec 1879 Cesareo Guillermo y Bastardo
27 Feb      - 06 Dec 1879 Alejandro Angula Guridi
                        - Pedro Ramón María Aristy Díaz
06 Dec 1879 - 01 Sep 1880 Gregorio Luperón
01 Sep 1880 - 01 Sep 1882 Fernando Arturo de Merinó y Ramírez
01 Sep 1882 - 01 Sep 1884 Ulises Hilarión Heureaux Lebert (1st Time)
01 Sep 1884 - 16 May 1885 Francsisco Gregorio Billini y Aristy
16 May 1885 - 06 Jan 1887 Alejandro Woss y Gil (1st Time)
06 Jan 1887 - 26 Jul 1899 Ulises Hilarión Heureaux Lebert (2nd Time)
26 Jul      - 30 Aug 1899 Juan Wenceslao Figuereo Caso
15 Nov 1899 - 02 May 1902 Juan Isidro Jiménez Pereyra (1st Time)
02 May 1902 - 23 Apr 1903 Horacio Vásquez Lajara (1st Time)
23 Apr      - 24 Nov 1903 Alejandro Woss y Gil (2nd Time)
24 Oct 1903 - 12 Jan 1906 Carlos Felipe Morales Languasco
12 Dec 1906 - 19 Nov 1911 Ramón Cáceres Vásquez
05 Dec 1911 - 30 Nov 1912 Eladio Victoria Victoria
01 Dec 1912 - 13 Apr 1913 Adolfo Alejandro Nouel y Bobadilla Arzobispo
14 Apr 1913 - 27 Aug 1914 José Bordas Valdés
28 Aug      - 05 Dec 1914 Ramón Báez Machado
05 Dec 1914 - 07 May 1916 Juan Isidro Jiménez Pereyra (2nd Time)
07 May      - 31 Jul 1916 Frederico Velsáquez y Hernández
01 Aug      - 29 Nov 1916 Francisco Hilario Henriquez y Caravajal
21 Oct 1922 - 12 Jul 1924 Juan Bautista Vicini Burgos
12 Jul 1924 - 01 Mar 1930 Horacio Vásquez Lajara (2nd Time)
01 Mar      - 16 Aug 1930 Juan Rafael Estrella Ureña
16 Aug 1930 - 16 Aug 1938 Rafael Leonidas Trujillo y Molina ............... 1891-1961
                          (Generalissimo, de facto rule 16 Aug 1930 - 30 May 1961)
16 Aug 1938 - 07 Mar 1940 Jacinto Bienvenido Peynado y Peynado
07 Mar 1940 - 18 May 1942 Manuel de Jesús María Troncoso de la Concha
18 May 1942 - 16 Aug 1952 Rafael Leonidas Trujillo y Molina (2nd Time)
16 Aug 1952 - 02 Aug 1960 Héctor Bienvenido Trujillo y Molina
03 Aug 1960 - 16 Jan 1962 Joaquín Antonio Balaguer Ricardo (1st Time)
16 Jan      - 18 Jan 1962 Civic-Military Council
                        - Armando Óscar Pacheco
                        - Luis Emilio Amiama Tió
                        - Antonio Cosme Imbert Barrera
                        - Enrique Valdez Vidaurre
                        - Wilfredo Medina Natalio
                        - Huberto Carlos Conrado Godofred Bogaert Román
18 Jan 1962 - 27 Feb 1963 Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly Fondeur ............... 1904-1979
27 Feb      - 25 Sep 1963 Juan Emilio Bosch Gaviño ........................ 1909-2001
25 Sep      - 26 Sep 1963 Victor Elby Viñas Román ......................... 1925-2004
                          (Chairman of the Provisional Junta)
26 Sep 1963 - 25 Apr 1965 Triumvirate
                        - Emilio de los Santos
                        - Manuel Enrique Tavares Espillat ................. 1924-1984
                        - Ramón Tapia Espanal ............................. 1926-2002
                        - Donald Joseph Reid Cabral ....................... 1923-2006
01 May      - 03 Sep 1965 Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deño .................. 1932-1973
                          (in rebellion)
25 Apr      - 27 Apr 1965 José Rafael Molina Ureña ........................ 1921-2000
01 May      - 03 Sep 1965 Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deño
                          (in rebellion)
01 May      - 07 May 1965 Pedro Bartolomé Benoit Vanderhorst
                          (Chairmen of the Military Junta)
07 May      - 30 Aug 1965 Antonio Cosme Imbert Barrera
                          (Chairmen of the Military Junta)
30 Aug 1965 - 01 Jul 1966 Héctor Federico García Godoy Cáceres ............ 1921-1970
01 Jul 1966 - 16 Aug 1978 Joaquín Antonio Balaguer Ricardo
                          (2nd Time)
16 Aug 1978 - 04 Jul 1982 Silvestre Antonio Guzmán Fernández .............. 1911-1982
04 Jul      - 16 Aug 1982 Jacobo Majluta Azar ............................. 1934-1996
16 Aug 1982 - 16 Aug 1986 José Salvador Omar Jorge Blanco ................. 1926-2010
16 Aug 1986 - 16 Aug 1996 Joaquín Antonio Balaguer Ricardo
                          (3rd Time)
16 Aug 1996 - 16 Aug 2000 Leonel Antonio Fernández Reyna .................. 1953-
                          (1st Time)
16 Aug 2000 - 16 Aug 2004 Rafael Hipólito Mejía Domínqez .................. 1941-
16 Aug 2004 - 16 Aug 2012 Leonel Antonio Fernández Reyna (2nd Time)
16 Aug 2012 -             Danilo Medina Sánchez ........................... 1951-
 
 
 
US Governors
29 Nov 1916 - 18 Nov 1918 Henry Shepard Knapp ............................. 1856-1923
18 Nov 1918 - 25 Feb 1919 Benjamin Hebard Fuller .......................... 1870-1937
25 Feb 1919 - 03 Jun 1921 Thomas Snowden, Jr. ............................. 1857-1930
03 Jun 1921 - 21 Oct 1922 Samuel S. Robinson .............................. 1867-1952
21 Oct 1922 - 12 Jul 1924 Benjamin Sumner Welles .......................... 1892-1961
                          (US High Commissioner)
Commander of the US Forces
01 May 1965 -    Jan 1966 Bruce Palmer, Jr. ............................... 1913-2000
Commanders of the Inter-American Peace Force
28 May 1965 -    Jan 1966 Hugo Panasco Alvim (Brazil) ..................... 1901-1978
   Jan      - 21 Sep 1966 Álvaro Alves da Silva Braga (Brazil) ............ 1906-1971

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