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Panama
 
 
Panama, coat of arms
    Adopted 1904
 
1501                      Annexed by Spain
03 Nov 1698 - 11 Apr 1700 New Caledonia (New Scotland) founded by Scotland then abandond
28 Nov 1821               Part of New Genanda (Columbia from 1861)
18 Nov 1840 - 31 Dec 1841 Secession from Colombia, State of Panama
03 Nov 1903 -             Independence, Republic of Panama
04 Nov 1903 - 21 Jan 1914 US Occupation
21 Jan 1914 - 25 Jul 1939 US Protectorate
20 Dec 1989 - 31 Jan 1990 US Occupation
 
De facto Military rulers
11 Oct 1968 - 31 Jul 1981 Omar Efraín Torrijos Herrera ........................... 1929-1981 Mil
03 Mar 1982 - 12 Aug 1983 Rubén Darío Paredes del Río ............................ 1933-     Mil
12 Aug 1983 - 30 Dec 1989 Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno ..................... 1936-     Mil
 
Presidents
18 Nov 1840 - 31 Dec 1841 Tomás José Ramón del Carman de Herrera y Pérez Davila .. 1804-1854
03 Nov      - 04 Nov 1903 Demetrio Honorato Brid Lasso ........................... 1859-1917
04 Nov 1903 - 20 Feb 1904 José Augustín Arango Remón ............................. 1841-1909
20 Feb 1904 - 01 Oct 1908 Manuel Amador Guerrero ................................. 1833-1909
01 Oct 1908 - 01 Mar 1910 José Domingo de Obaldía Gallegos ....................... 1845-1910
01 Mar      - 01 Oct 1910 Carlos Antonio Mendoza Soto ............................ 1858-1916
01 Oct      - 05 Oct 1910 Federico August Boyd López ............................. 1851-1924
05 Oct 1910 - 01 Oct 1912 Pablo Arosemena Alba ................................... 1836-1920
                          (acting)
01 Oct 1912 - 01 Oct 1916 Belisario Porras Barahona (1st Time) ................... 1856-1942
01 Oct 1916 - 03 Jun 1918 Ramon Maximiliano del la Concepción Valdés Arce ........ 1867-1918
03 Jun      - 01 Oct 1918 Ciro Luis Urriola Garrés ............................... 1863-1922
                          (acting)
01 Oct      - 12 Oct 1918 Pedro Antonio Díaz de Obaldía .......................... 1847-1919
                          (acting)
12 Oct 1918 - 01 Oct 1924 Belisario Porras Barahona (2nd Time)
01 Oct 1924 - 01 Oct 1928 Rodolfo Enrique Chiari Robles .......................... 1869-1937
01 Oct 1928 - 02 Jan 1931 Florencio Harmondo Arosemena Guillén ................... 1872-1945
16 Jan 1931 - 01 Oct 1932 Ricardo Joaquín Alfaro Jované .......................... 1882-1971
01 Oct 1932 - 01 Oct 1936 Harmondi Arias Madrid .................................. 1886-1962
01 Oct 1936 - 16 Dec 1939 Juan Demóstenes Arosemena Barreati ..................... 1879-1939
18 Dec 1939 - 01 Oct 1940 Augusto Samuel Boyd Briceño ............................ 1879-1957
01 Oct 1940 - 09 Oct 1941 Arnulf Arias Madrid .................................... 1901-1988
09 Oct 1941 - 15 Jun 1945 Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango .................... 1899-1969
15 Jun 1945 - 01 Oct 1948 Enrique Adolfo Jiménez Brin ............................ 1888-1970
01 Oct 1948 - 23 Aug 1949 Domingo Díaz Arosemena ................................. 1875-1949
23 Aug      - 20 Nov 1949 Daniel Chanis Pinzón ................................... 1891-1961
20 Nov      - 25 Nov 1949 Roberto Francisco Chiaris Remón (1st Time) ............. 1905-1981
25 Nov 1949 - 09 May 1951 Arnulf Arias Madrid (2nd Time)
09 May 1951 - 01 Oct 1952 Alcibíades Arosemena Quinzada .......................... 1883-1958
01 Oct 1952 - 02 Jan 1955 José Antonio Remón Cantera ............................. 1908-1955
02 Jan      - 29 Mar 1955 José Ramon Guizado Valdés .............................. 1899-1964
29 Mar 1955 - 01 Oct 1956 Ricardo Manuel Arias Espinosa .......................... 1912-1993
01 Oct 1956 - 01 Oct 1960 Ernesto de la Guardia Navarro .......................... 1904-1983
01 Oct 1960 - 01 Oct 1964 Roberto Francisco Chiaris Remón (2nd Time)
01 Oct 1964 - 01 Oct 1968 Marco Aurelio Robels Méndez ............................ 1905-1990
01 Oct      - 12 Oct 1968 Arnulf Arias Madrid (3rd Time)
12 Oct 1968 - 19 Dec 1969 José Maria Pinilla Fábrega ............................. 1919-1979 Mil
19 Dec 1969 - 11 Oct 1978 Demetrio Basilio Lakas Bahas ........................... 1925-1999
11 Oct 1978 - 31 Jul 1982 Aristides Royo Sánchez ................................. 1940-
31 Jul 1982 - 13 Feb 1984 Ricardo de la Espriella Torel .......................... 1934-
13 Feb      - 11 Oct 1984 Jorge Enriquez Illueca Sibauste ........................ 1918-2012
11 Oct 1984 - 28 Sep 1985 Nicolás Artido Barletta Vallarino ...................... 1938-
28 Sep 1985 - 26 Feb 1988 Eric Arturo Delvalle Cohen Henríquez ................... 1937-
26 Feb 1988 - 01 Sep 1989 Manuel Solís Palma ..................................... 1917-2009
01 Sep      - 20 Dec 1989 Francisco Antonio Rodríguez Poveda ..................... 1938-
                          (provisional)
20 Dec 1989 - 01 Sep 1994 Guillermo David Endara Galimany ........................ 1936-2009
01 Sep 1994 - 01 Sep 1999 Ernesto Pérez Balladares González Revilla .............. 1946-
01 Sep 1999 - 01 Sep 2004 Mireya Elisia Moscoso Rodríguez de Arias ............... 1946-
01 Sep 2004 - 01 Jul 2009 Martín Ernesto Torrijos Espino ......................... 1963-
01 Jul 2009 - 01 Jul 2014 Ricardo Alberto Martinelli Berrocal .................... 1952-
01 Jul 2014 -             Juan Carlos Varela Rodríguez ........................... 1963-
 
 
Chiefs of Government
11 Oct 1972 - 11 Oct 1978 Omar Efraín Torrijos Herrera ........................... s.a
15 Dec      - 20 Dec 1989 Manuel Antonio Noriega Morena .......................... s.a
 
US Military Commander
20 Dec 1989 - 31 Jan 1990 Carl Steiner ........................................... 1936-

Panama Canal Zone
Archivo:CZSeal.jpg
 
18 Nov 1903 - 31 Aug 1979 Canal Zone leased to the US
14 May 1904               Administrered by the Panama Canal Company
01 Sep 1979               US returns Canal zone to Panama
31 Dec 1999               US ceases operation of the Canal
 
Governors (Administrators from 01 Oct 1979)
14 May 1904 - 24 May 1905 George Whitefield Davis
24 May 1905 - 12 Oct 1906 Charles Edward Magoon
12 Oct 1906 - 31 Mar 1907 Richard Reid Rogers
01 Apr 1907 - 04 Dec 1909 Joseph Clay Styles Blackburn
04 Dec 1909 - 08 Aug 1913 Maurice Hudson Thatcher
08 Aug 1913 - 31 Mar 1914 Richard Lee Metcalfe
31 Mar 1914 - 10 Jan 1917 George Washington Goethals
10 Jan 1917 - 27 Mar 1921 Chester Haring
27 Mar 1921 - 15 Oct 1924 Jay Johnson Morrow
16 Oct 1924 - 15 Oct 1928 Meriwether Lewis Walker
16 Oct 1928 - 20 Oct 1932 Harry Burgess
21 Oct 1932 - 26 Aug 1936 Julian Larcombe Schley
27 Aug 1936 - 10 Jul 1940 Clarence Eugene Ridley
11 Jul 1940 - 15 May 1944 Glen Edgar Egerton
16 May 1944 - 19 May 1948 Joseph Cowles Mehaffey
20 May 1948 - 26 May 1952 Francis Cosler Newcomer
27 May 1952 - 27 May 1956 John States Seybold
28 May 1956 - 30 Jun 1960 William Everett Potter
01 Jul 1960 - 31 Jan 1962 William Arnold Carter
01 Feb 1962 - 31 Jan 1967 Robert John Fleming
31 Jan 1967 - 02 Mar 1971 Walter Philip Leber
03 Mar 1971 - 25 Mar 1975 David Stuart Parker
26 Mar 1975 - 30 Sep 1979 Harold R. Parfitt
01 Oct 1979 - 31 Dec 1989 Dennis P. McAuliffe
01 Jan      - 19 Sep 1990 Fernando Manfredo
20 Sep 1990 - 17 Aug 1996 Gilberto Guardia Fabrega
18 Aug 1996 - 31 Dec 1999 Alberto Alemán Zubieta

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