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Al-Iraq  
   Iraq, coat of arms (2008)
          2008-
  File:Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 2004-2007.svg
        1991-2004
  File:Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 1991-2004.svg
       1991-2003
  Iraq, coat of arms (1965)
        1965-1991
File:Iraq state emblem CoA 1959-1965 Qassem.svg
          1959-1965
File:Coat of arms of Kingdom of Iraq (19211958).png
          1920-1959 
 
                      
c. 5500 BCE  Kingdom of Sumer
c. 2334 - 2193 BCE Akkardian Empire
c. 1894 BC Empire of Babylon                        
Part of Persia
Sultanate of Baghdad
Part of Persia
       1450 - 30 Oct 1918 Part of the Ottoman Empire
   Dec 1914               Start of British occupation of Mesopotamia
29 Apr 1916 - 10 Jan 1919 British occupation
10 Jan 1919 - 03 Oct 1932 British protectorate
11 Nov 1920 - 03 Oct 1932 League of Nations Mandate under Britain
23 Aug 1921               Iraqi Kingdom
14 Feb      - 14 Jul 1958 Arab Union (Federation with Jordan)
14 Jul 1958               Iraqi Republic
08 Aug 1990 - 27 Feb 1991 Annexation of Kuwait
01 Jul 1992               Republic of Iraq
19 Mar 2003 - 18 Dec 2011 US led occupation (UK forces leave 22 May 2011)
09 Apr 2003               Iraq
28 Jun 2004 -             State of Iraq
22 May 2006               Republic of Iraq
01 Sep 2010               Official end of "Opperation Iraqi Freedom"
18 Dec 2011               Last US troops withdraw
 
 
Government: Federal Republic.
Capital: Baghdad.
Language: Arabic, Kurdish, English.
Religion: Shia Islam, Sunni Islam, Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Yazidi.
National Anthem: "Mawtini" (My Homeland).
National Emblem:
National Day: 9th April, Fall of Saddam Hussain (2003).
National Motto: None.
Currency: Iraqi Dinar.
 
- Emperors of Akkard -
2379-2369 Sharrum Kin
2369-2306 Rimush
2306-2291 Manishtusu
2291-2254 Naram Sin
2254-2230 Shar Kalli Sharri
2189      Igigi
2189-2188 Nanum
2188-2187 Emi
2187-2186 Elulu
2186-2168 Dudu
2168-2154 Shardural
2120-2113 Uthegal
2113-2096 Ur-Nammu
2096-2049 Shulgi
2049-2039 Bursin
2039-2030 Shu Sin
2030-2022 Ibbi Sin
- Monarchs of Babylon -
1894-1881 Sumu Abum
1881-1845 Sumu la El
1845-1830 Sabium
1830-1813 Apil-Sin
1813-1793 Sin Muballit
1793-1750 Hammurabi
1750-1712 Samsu Iluna
1712-1684 Abi-Eshuh
1684-1647 Ammi-Ditana
1647-1626 Ammi-Saduqa
1926-1595 Samsu-Ditanu
1375-1347 Burnabriash II
1347-1345 Karahardash
1345-1324 Kurigalzu II
1324-1298 Nazzimarutush II
1155-1146 Marduk-Kabit-ashheshu
1146-1132 Itti-Marduk-balatu
1132-1126 Ninurta-nadin-shumi
1126-1103 Nabuchadrezzar I
1103-1100 Enlil-nadin-apil
1100-1082 Marduk-nanin-ahhe
1082-1069 Marduk-Shapik-zeri
1069-1046 Adad-alpa-iddine
1046      Marduk-ahhe-eriba
1046-1033 Marduk-zer-X
1033-1025 Nabu-shum-libur
1025-1008 Simbar-shipak
1008      Ea-mukin-shumi
1008-1004 Kashu-nadin
1004-987 Eulma-shakin-shumi
987-985 Ninurta-kudurri-usur
985     Shiriqti-shuqamunu
985-979 Mar-biti-apla-usur
979-943 Nabu-mukin-apli
943     Ninurta-kudurri-usur
943-920 Mar-bit-ahhe-iddina
920-900 Shamash-mudammiq
900-888 Nabu-shuma-ukin I
888-855 Nabu-apla-iddina
855-819 Marduk-zakir-shumi
819-813 Marduk-balassu-iqbi
813-811 Baba-aha-iddina
800-790 Ninurta-apla-X
790-780 Marduk-bel-zeri
780-769 Marduk-apla-usur
769-761 Eriba-Marduk
761-748 Nabu-shuma-ishkun
748-734 Nabunassir
734-732 Nabu-nadin-zeri
732     Nabu-suma-ukin II
625-605 Nabopolasser
605-562 Nebuchadnezzar
562-560 Amel Marduk
560-556 Nergalasharus
556     Labashi Marduk
556-539 Nabonidus
- Lakhmid Kingdom -
268-288 Lakhamid, Amr I
288-328 Imru al-Qais I
325-330 Aus ibn Qallam I
370-382 Amr II
382-403 Imru al-Qais II
403-431 Numan I
431-473 al-Mundhir I
473-493 al-Aswad I
493-500 al-Mundhir II
500-504 Numan II
504-507 Alaqama abu Yaffa I
507-514 Imru al-Qais III
514-523 al-Mundhir III
523-527 al-Harith I
527-554 al-Mundhir IV
554-569 Amr III
569-577 Qaboos I
577-578 Feshart Ouzayd
578-582 al-Mundhir V
583-613 Numan III
613-618 Eyas ibn Qubaysa I
618-638 Zadyeh I
- Tahirid Dynasty Governors of Baghdad-
821-822 Tahirid, Tahir I of Baghdad           
822-845 Tahirid, Talha I
845-862 Tahirid, Tahir II
862-873 Tahirid, Muhammad I
- Saffarid Dynasty -
873-879 Saffari, Yaqub I      
879-900 Saffari, Amribn al Layth I
900-909 Saffari, Tahir III
909-910 Saffari, al-Layth I
910     Saffari, Muhammad II
910-911 Saffari, al-Muddal I  
912     Saffari, Amr ibn Yaqub
923-963 Saffari, Ahmad I
- Buyid Dynasty -
945-967 Buyid, Ahmad I, Caliph of Baghdad
967-978 Buyid, Bikhitya I
978-983 Buyid, Fana
983-987 Buyid, Marzuban I
987-989 Buyid, Shirzil I
989-1012 Buyid, Firuz I
1012-1021 Buyid, Abu Shuja
1021-1025 Buyid, Hasan I
1025-1044 Buyid, Shirzil II
1044-1048 Buyid, Marzuban II
1048-1055 Buyid, Khusraw Firuz
- Seljuk Great Sultans -
1055-1063 Seljuk, Tughrul I
1063-1073 Seljuk, Alp Arslan I
1073-1092 Slejuk, Malik I
1092-1094 Seljuk, Mahmud I
1094-1105 Seljuk, Barkiryaruq
1105-1118 Seljuk, Muhammad I
1118-1131 Seljuk, Mahmud II
1131-1132 Seljuk, Dawud I
1132-1134 Seljuk, Tughrul II
1134-1152 Seljuk, Masud I
1152-1153 Seljuk, Malik III
1153-1160 Seljuk, Muhammad II
1160-1161 Seljuk, Sulyman
1161-1176 Seljuk, Arslan II
1176-1194 Seljuk, Tughrul III
1258-1262 Seljuk, Ali Bahadur
1262-1283 Seljuk, Aladdin
1283-1295 Seljuk, Baiduu
1295-1317 Seljuk, Tudadju
1336-1338 Seljuk, Ali Shah
- Jalayrid Sultanate -
1340-1356 Jalayrid, Hasani I
1340-1343 Chopanid, Hasani II
1343-1356 Chopanid, Malik IV
1358-1374 Jalayrid, Uwais
1374-1382 Jalayrid, Hussain
1382-1392 Jalayrid, Ahmad (1st Time)
1392-1394 Jalayrid, Masud
1394-1400 Jalayrid, Ahmad (2nd Time)
1400-1403 Jalayrid, Abu-Bakr ibn Miranshah
1403-1410 Jalayrid, Dawlat
1410-1411 Jalayrid, Walad
1411      Jalayrid, Mahud II
Monarchs of Iraq
08 Mar      - 11 Nov 1920 Hashim, Abdullah I bin al-Hussein .............. 1882-1951
                          (proclaimed but refused [in Cairo, Egypt])
11 Nov 1920 - 23 Aug 1921 Saiyid Abdul Rahman al-Haydari al-Gaylani ...... 1841-1927
                          (Regent)
23 Aug 1921 - 08 Sep 1933 Hashim, Faisal I ............................... 1885-1933
08 Sep 1933 - 04 Apr 1939 Hashim, Ghazi .................................. 1912-1939
04 Apr 1939 - 14 Jul 1958 Hashim, Faisal II .............................. 1935-1958
                          (Head of Arab Union 14 Feb - 14 Jul 1958)
04 Apr 1939 - 31 Mar 1941 Abul Ilah ...................................... 1913-1958
                          (1st Time, regent)
01 Apr      - 31 May 1941 Sharaf ibn Rajih al-Fawwas ..................... 1880-1955
01 Jun 1941 - 02 May 1953 Abul Ilah (2nd Time, regent)
Presidents
14 Jul 1958 - 08 Feb 1963 Muhammad Najib ar-Rubai ........................ 1904-1965
                          (Chairman of the Sovreignty Council)
08 Feb 1963 - 13 Apr 1966 Abdul Salam Mohammad Arif Aljumaily ............ 1921-1966
13 Apr 1966 - 17 Jul 1968 Hajj Abdul Rahman Mohammad Arif Aljumaily....... 1916-2007
17 Jul 1968 - 16 Jul 1979 Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr ........................... 1914-1982 B
16 Jul 1979 - 09 Apr 2003 Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Takriti ......... 1937-2006 B
09 Apr 2003 - 28 Jun 2004 Vacant
28 Jun 2004 - 07 Apr 2005 Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer ..................... 1958-    
07 Apr 2005 - 24 Jul 2014 Celal Tallebani ................................ 1933-     PUK
24 Jul 2014 -             Muhammed Fuad Masum ............................ 1939-     PUK
 
 
Prime Ministers
11 Nov 1920 - 20 Nov 1922 Saiyad Abdul Rahman al-Haydari al-Gaylani ...... (s.a)
20 Nov 1922 - 22 Nov 1923 Abdul Muhsin Bey al-Saadun ..................... 1879-1929
                          (1st Time)
22 Nov 1923 - 02 Aug 1924 Jaafar Pasha al-Askari ......................... 1887-1936
02 Aug 1924 - 26 Jun 1925 Yasin Pasha al-Hashimi (1st Time) .............. 1894-1937
26 Jun 1925 - 21 Nov 1926 Abdul Muhsin Bey al-Saadun (2nd Time)
21 Nov 1926 - 11 Jan 1928 Jaafar Pasha al-Askari (2nd Time)
11 Jan 1928 - 28 Apr 1929 Abdul Muhsin Bey al-Saadun (3rd Time)
28 Apr      - 19 Sep 1929 Sulayman Tawfiq Bey al-Suwaidi (1st Time) ...... 1891-1968
19 Sep 1929 - 23 Mar 1930 Ibrahim Naji Bey al-Suwaidi .................... 1882-1942
23 Mar 1930 - 03 Nov 1932 Nuri Pasha as-Said ............................. 1888-1958
                          (1st Time)
03 Nov 1932 - 20 Mar 1933 Muhammad Naji Shaukat Bey ...................... 1893-1980
20 Mar      - 09 Nov 1933 Rashid Ali al-Gaylani (1st Time)
09 Nov 1933 - 27 Aug 1934 Jamil Bey al-Midfai (1st Time)
27 Aug 1934 - 04 Mar 1935 Ali Jaudat al-Aiyubi ........................... 1896-1968
04 Mar      - 17 Mar 1935 Jamil Bey al-Midfai (2nd Time)
17 Mar 1935 - 30 Oct 1936 Yasin Pasha al-Hashimi (2nd Time)
30 Oct 1936 - 17 Aug 1937 Hikmat Sulayman ................................ 1889-1964
17 Aug 1937 - 25 Dec 1938 Jamil Bey al-Midfai (3rd Time)
25 Dec 1938 - 31 Mar 1940 Nuri Pasha as-Said (2nd Time)
01 Apr 1940 - 03 Feb 1941 Rashid Ali al-Gaylani (2nd Time)
03 Feb      - 13 Apr 1941 Taha Pasha as-Hashimi .......................... 1888-1961
13 Apr      - 10 Oct 1941 Rashid Ali al-Gaylani (3rd Time)
10 Oct 1941 - 04 Jun 1944 Nuri Pasha as-Said (3rd Time)
04 Jun 1944 - 23 Feb 1946 Abdul Hamdi al-Bajaji .......................... 1891-1948
23 Feb      - 31 May 1946 Sulayman Tawfiq Bey al-Suwaidi (2nd Time)
01 Jun      - 21 Nov 1946 Arshad al-Umari ................................ 1888-1978
21 Nov 1946 - 29 Mar 1947 Nuri Pasha as-Said (4th Time)
29 Mar 1947 - 29 Jan 1948 Sayyid Salih Jabr .............................. 1896-1957
29 Jan      - 26 Jun 1948 Sayyid Muhammad as-Sadr ........................ 1882-19..
26 Jun 1948 - 06 Jan 1949 Muzahim al-Bajajij ............................. 1890-1982
06 Jan      - 10 Dec 1949 Nuri Pasha as-Said (5th Time)
10 Dec 1949 - 05 Feb 1950 Ali Jaudat al-Aiyubi (2nd Time)
05 Feb      - 15 Sep 1950 Sulayman Tawfiq Bey al-Suwaidi (3rd Time)
15 Sep 1950 - 12 Jul 1952 Nuri Pasha as-Said (5th Time)
23 Nov 1952 - 29 Jan 1953 Nureddin Mahmud ................................ 1899-1981
29 Jan      - 17 Sep 1953 Jamil Bey al-Midfai (2nd Time)
17 Sep 1953 - 04 Aug 1954 Muhammad Fadhel al-Jamil ....................... 1903-1997
04 Aug 1954 - 20 Jun 1957 Nuri Pasha as-Said (6th Time)
20 Jun      - 15 Dec 1957 Ali Jaudat al-Aiyubi (3rd Time)
15 Dec 1957 - 03 Mar 1958 Abdul Wahhab Marjan ............................ 1910-1964
03 Mar      - 18 May 1958 Nuri Pasha as-Said (7th Time)
18 May      - 14 Jul 1958 Ahmad Mukhtar Baban ............................ 1900-1976
14 Jul 1958 - 08 Feb 1963 Abd al-Karim Qasim ............................. 1914-1963
08 Feb      - 18 Nov 1963 Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr (1st Time)
20 Nov 1963 - 06 Sep 1965 Tahir Yahya .................................... 1913-1986
06 Sep      - 21 Nov 1965 Arif Abdul ar-Razzak ........................... 1921-2007
21 Nov 1965 - 09 Aug 1966 Abdul al-Rahman al-Bazzaz ...................... 1913-1973
09 Aug 1966 - 10 May 1967 Naji al-Anzi Talib ............................. 1917-2012
10 May      - 10 Jul 1967 Hajj Abdul Rahman Mohammad Arif Aljumaily ...... (s.a)
10 Jul 1967 - 14 Jul 1968 Tahir Yahya (2nd Time)
14 Jul      - 30 Jul 1968 Abdul ar-Razzaq Said an-Naif ................... 1933-1978
01 Aug 1968 - 16 Jul 1979 Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr (2nd Time)
16 Jul 1979 - 23 Mar 1991 Saddam Hussein al-Majid al-Takriti (1st Time) .. (s.a)     B
23 Mar      - 13 Sep 1991 Saadun Hammadi ................................. 1930-2007 B
16 Sep 1991 - 05 Sep 1993 Muhammad Hamza al-Zubaydi ...................... 1938-2005 B
05 Sep 1993 - 29 May 1994 Ahmad Hussein Tikritt Khudayir as-Samarrai ..... 1941-     B
29 May 1994 - 09 Apr 2003 Saddam Hussein al-Majid al-Takriti (2nd Time)
Presidents of the Governing Council
13 Jul      - 31 Jul 2003 Sayyid Muhammad Bahr al-Ulloum (1st Time) ...... 1927-
01 Aug      - 31 Aug 2003 Ibrahim al-Shiqr al-Jaafari .................... 1947-     IDM
01 Sep      - 30 Sep 2003 Ahmad Abdel Hadi Chalabi ....................... 1944-
01 Oct      - 31 Oct 2003 Iyad Allawi .................................... 1945-
01 Nov      - 30 Nov 2003 Celal Talebani ................................. (s.a)     PDK
01 Dec      - 31 Dec 2003 Sayyid Abdul Aziz Muhsin al-Hakim .............. 1959-2009
01 Jan      - 31 Jan 2004 Adnan Muzahim Pachachi ......................... 1923-
01 Feb      - 29 Feb 2004 Mohsen Abdul Hamid ............................. 1937-     IIP
01 Mar      - 31 Mar 2004 Sayyid Muhammad Bahr al-Ulloum (2nd Time)
01 Apr      - 30 Apr 2004 Massoud Mustafa Barzani ........................ 1946-     PDK
01 May      - 17 May 2004 Ezzedine Salim ................................. 1940-2004 IDM
17 May      - 31 May 2004 Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer ..................... (s.a)
Prime Ministers
01 Jun 2004 - 03 May 2005 Iyad Allawi .................................... (s.a)
03 May 2005 - 20 May 2006 Sayyid Ibrahim al-Eshiqr al-Jaafari ............ (s.a)
20 May 2006 - 08 Sep 2014 Nuri Kamil Mohammed Hasan al-Maliki ............ 1950-     IDM
08 Sep 2014 -             Haider Al-Abadi ................................ 1952-     IDM
 
 
 
B=Hizb al-Ba'ath al-Arabiyah al-Ishtiraki (Arab Socialist rebirth Party [Iraqi branch],
  totalitarian, Saddam Hussein personalist 1979-2003, banned 2003)
Hez=Hezbullah, Iraqi Party of God (Shi'ite Islamist)
ICP=Iraqi Communist Party (Communist)
IDM=Hizb al-Da'wa al-Islamiyya (Islamic Dawa Movement, Shia Islamist, banned 1979-2003)
IIP=Iraqi Islamic Party (Sunni Islamist)
PUK=Yaketi Nishtimani Kurdistan (Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Social Democratic)
UIA=United Iraqi Alliance (United Shi'ite Islamist)
_________________________________________________________________________________________
 
Foreign occupation of Iraq
 
Multi-National Force - Iraq (MNF-I), emblem - vector imageMulti-National Force - Iraq (MNF-I), distinctive unit insignia - vector image File:USF-I Logo.png
      2004-2009          Unit insignia to 2009          2010-2011
 
 
Commanders of the British Occupation Forces in Mesopotamia
   Dec 1914 -    Apr 1915 Sir Arthur Arnold Barret
   Apr 1915 - 18 Apr 1916 Sir John Eccles Nixon
18 Apr      -    Jul 1916 Sir Percy Henry Noel Lake
       1916 - 18 Nov 1917 Sir Frederic Stanley Maude
18 Nov 1917 - 1918        Sir William Raine Marshall
       1918 - 10 Jan 1919 Sir Alexander Stanhope Cobbe
Commanders of the British Occupation Forces in Iraq
07 May 1941 - 21 Aug 1942 Sir Edward Pellew Quinan
21 Aug 1942 - 18 Feb 1943 Sir Henry Maitland Wilson
18 Feb 1943 - 18 Feb 1944 Sir Henry Royds Pownall
18 Feb 1944 - 28 Feb 1946 Sir Arthur Francis Smith
Comanders of the US led Occupation Force
09 Apr      - 07 Jul 2003 Thomas Ray Franks .............................. 1945-
07 Jul 2003 - 28 Jul 2004 John Philip Abizaid ............................ 1951
US Commanders of the Multi-National Force in Iraq
14 Jun 2003 - 30 Jun 2004 Ricardo S. Sanchez
01 Jul 2004 - 10 Feb 2007 George William Casey. Jr
10 Feb 2007 - 16 Sep 2008 David Howell Patreaus
16 Sep 2008 - 31 Aug 2010 Raymond T. Odierno
Commanding General of the US Forces in Iraq
01 Sep 2010 - 31 Dec 2011 Lloyd James Austin III
 
Administrator
10 Jan 1919 - 30 Sep 1920 Sir Arnold Talbot Wilson
High Commissioners
01 Oct 1920 - 04 May 1923 Sir Percy Zachariah Cox
04 May 1923 -    Oct 1928 Sir Henry Robert Conway Dobbs
   Oct 1928 - 11 Sep 1929 Sir Gilbert Falkingham Clayton
03 Oct 1929 - 03 Oct 1932 Sir Francis Henry Humphrys
Civil Administrators
21 Apr      - 12 May 2003 Jay Montgomery Garner .......................... 1938-     (US)
12 May 2003 - 28 Jun 2004 Lewis Paul Bremer III .......................... 1941-     (US)
_________________________________________________________________________________________
 
 
Islamic State
 
Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg
 
15 Oct 2006                Islamic State of Iraq declares by Islamic insurgents
       2012 -              ISIL insurgency in Syria
09 Apr 2013                Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
10 Jun 2014                Mosul and North-western Iraq captured by ISIL forces
30 Jun 2014 -              Islamic State
 
Capital: al-Raqqah, Syria.
 
Emirs
15 Oct 2006 - 18 Apr 2010 Hamid Dawud Muhammed Khalil al Zawi ............ 19..-2010
                          (Abu Abdullah al-Rashid al-Baghdadi)
18 Apr 2010 -             Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi al-Husseini al Qurashi .... 1971-
                          (self-proclaimed Caliph from 30 Jun 2014) 
 
Prime Minister
15 Oct 2006 -             Abu Abdul Rahman al-Falahi
 

 
Kurdistan  
Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government, emblem
Government Emblem
Iraqi Kurdistan Region Presidency, emblem
Presidency Emblem
 
18 Nov 1534 - 03 Nov 1918 Part of the Ottoman Empire
1649 - 1859               Kurdish Emirate of Baban
1870                      Last Kurdish polities dissolved
03 Nov 1918               British occupation of Mosul
18 Nov 1922 - 1924        Kingdom of Kurdistan declared in Northern Iraq and Southern Turkey
1924 - 1974               Suppressed by Iraq
11 Mar 1974               Autonomous region of Iraq
01 Jun 1980               Autonomy increased by Baghdad
1987 - 2003               Civil war
   Oct 1991               Iraqi military withdraws
1991 - 2003               de facto independence from Baghdad
04 Jul 1992 - 2005        Kurdish Regional Government, in opposition to Baghdad
31 Aug 1996 - 2003        Iraqi military occupies Arbil
04 Oct 2002               Decloration of self-rule (not recognised by Iraq)
14 Jun 2005 -             Kurdish Autonomous region
12 Jun 2014               Kurdish occupation of Kirkuk

 

Emirs of Baban

1649 - 1670               Faki Ahmad

1670 - 1703               Baba Sulaiman

1721 - 1731               Khana Mohammad Pasha

1731 - 1742               Khalid Pasha

1742 - 1754               Salim Pasha

1754 - 1765               Sulaiman Pasha I

1765 - 1775               Mohammad Pasha II

1775 - 1777               Abdollah Pasha I

1777 - 1780               Ahmad Pasha I

1780 - 1782               Mahmoud Pasha I

1782 - 1803               Ibrahim Pasha

1803 - 1813               Abdorrahman Pasha

1813 - 1834               Mahmoud Pasha II

1834 - 1838               Sulaiman Pasha II

1838 - 1847               Ahmad Pasha II

1847 - 1859               Abdollah Pasha II

King of Kurdistan (Governor of Sulaymaniya to 23 May 1919)
01 Dec 1918 -    Jul 1924 Shaykh Mahud Barzani ........................... 1878-1956
 
Chairmen of the Regional Executive Council
   Oct 1974 - 1977        Hashim Hakim Hassan Taha al-Aqrawi ............. 1926-     PDK
       1977 -    Oct 1980 Ahmad 'Abd al-Qadir al-Naqshbandi .............. 1930-
    Oct 1980 -    Oct 1991 Mohammed Amin Mohammed Ahmad ................... 1936-
04 Jul 1992 - 14 Jun 2005 Celal Talabani ................................. (s.a)     PUK
President
15 Jun 2005 -             Massoud Mustafa Barzani ........................ 1946-     PDK
 
Prime Ministers
   Sep 1922 -    Jul 1924 Sheikh Qadir Hafeed
Presidents of the Regional Legislative Assembly
1974 - 1977               Mahmoud al-Rasul Babakr Pischdari .............. 1937-     PUK
1977 - 1980               Mohammed Amin Mohammed Ahmad ................... (s.a)
1980 - 1992               Ahmad 'Abd al-Qadir al-Naqshbandi .............. (s.a)
- Prime Ministers for the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan -
04 Jul 1992 - 26 Apr 1993 Fuad Masum ..................................... 1938-     PUK
26 Apr 1993 - 21 Jan 2001 Kosrat Rasul Ali ............................... 1952-     PUK
21 Jan 2001 - 04 Jul 2004 Barham Salih ................................... 1960-     PUK
04 Jul 2004 - 28 Feb 2006 Umar Fattah .................................... 1948-     PUK
- Prime Ministers for the Kurdish Democratic Party -
26 Sep 1996 - 20 Dec 1999 Rowsch Shaways ................................. 1947-     PDK
20 Dec 1999 - 28 Feb 2006 Nechervan Idris Barzani ........................ 1966-     PDK
Prime Ministers
01 Mar 2006 - 28 Oct 2009 Nechervan Idris Barzani (1st Time)  ............ (s.a)     PDK
28 Oct 2009 - 07 Mar 2012 Barham Salih ................................... (s.a)     PUK
07 Mar 2012 -             Nechervan Idris Barzani (2nd Time)
 
 
 
PDK=Partiya Demokrata Kurdistane (Kurdistan Democratic Party, Conservative)
PUK=Yaketi Nishtimani Kurdistan (Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Social Democratic)

2009
2005