Australia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

04 Mar 1606 Discovered by Dutch captain Willem Jaszoom

and named New Holland

06 May 1770 Claimed for Great Britain

26 Jan 1788 New South Wales Founded

01 Jan 1901 Commenwealth of Australia

11 Dec 1931 Statute of Westminster grants full sovereignty

to the British dominions

09 Oct 1942 Statute of Westminster ratified by Australia

03 Mar 1986 Australia Act ends last vestigial links with the U.K

06 Nov 1999 Referendum rejects adopting a republican form of government

 

Government: Constitutional Monarchy.

Capital: Canberra.

Language: English, Greek, Italian, Chinese, Indigenous Languages.

Religion: Anglican, Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Buddhist, Islam, Traditional beliefs.

Nathional Anthem: "Advance Australia Fair".

National Emblem: Kangaroo and Emue.

National Day: Austrialia Day, 26th January (1788).

National Motto: None.

Currency: Australian Dollar.

 

Governers-General

01 Jan 1901 - 09 Jan 1903 John Adrian Louis Hope,

                           Marquess of Linlithgow ......................... 1860-1908

09 Jan 1903 - 21 Jan 1904 Hallam Tennyson, Baron of Aldworth .............. 1852-1928

21 Jan 1904 - 09 Sep 1908 Henry Stafford Northcote,

                           Baron of Exeter ................................ 1846-1911

09 Sep 1908 - 31 Jul 1911 William Humble Ward, Earl of Dudley ............. 1867-1932

31 Jul 1911 - 18 May 1914 Thomas Denman, Baron Denman ..................... 1874-1954

18 May 1914 - 06 Oct 1920 Lord Ronald Craufurd Munroe-Fergason ............ 1860-1934

06 Oct 1920 - 08 Oct 1925 Henry William Foster, Baron of Lepe ............. 1866-1936

08 Oct 1925 - 22 Jan 1931 John Laurence Baird,

                           Baron Stonehaven of Ury......................... 1874-1941

22 Jan 1931 - 23 Jan 1936 Lord Isaac Isaacs ............................... 1855-1948

23 Jan 1936 - 30 Jan 1945 Alexander Gore Arkwright Hore Ruthven,

                           Baron Gowrie of Canberra ....................... 1872-1955

30 Jan 1945 - 11 Mar 1947 Prince Henry William Frederick Albert ........... 1900-1974

11 Mar 1947 - 08 May 1953 Lord William John McKell ........................ 1891-1985

08 May 1953 - 02 Feb 1960 Lord William Josef Slim ......................... 1891-1970

02 Feb 1960 - 04 Feb 1961 William Shephard Morrison,

                           Viscount Dunrossil of Vallaquie ................ 1893-1961

03 Aug 1961 - 22 Sep 1965 William Philip Sydney, Viscount De L'Isle ....... 1909-1991

22 Sep 1965 - 30 Apr 1969 Richard Gardiner Casey,

                           Baron Casey of Berwick ......................... 1890-1976

30 Apr 1969 - 11 Jul 1974 Lord Paul Meernaa Caedwalla Hasluck ............. 1905-1993

11 Jul 1974 - 08 Dec 1977 Lord John Robert Kerr ........................... 1914-1991

08 Dec 1977 - 29 Jul 1982 Lord Zelman Cohen ............................... 1919-2011

29 Jul 1982 - 16 Feb 1989 Lord Ninian Martin Stephen ...................... 1923-

16 Feb 1989 - 16 Feb 1996 William George Hayden ........................... 1933-

16 Feb 1996 - 29 Jun 2001 Lord William Deane .............................. 1931-

29 Jun 2001 - 28 May 2003 Peter John Hollingworth ......................... 1935-

11 Aug 2003 - 05 Sep 2008 Philip Michael Jeffrey .......................... 1937-

05 Sep 2008 - 28 Mar 2014 Quentin Alice Louise Bryce ...................... 1942-

28 Mar 2014 -             Sir Peter John Cosgrove ......................... 1947-

 

 

Prime Ministers

01 Jan 1901 - 24 Sep 1903 Sir Edmund Barton ............................... 1849-1920

24 Sep 1903 - 26 Apr 1904 Alfred Deakin (1st Time) ........................ 1856-1919

26 Apr - 18 Aug 1904 John Christian Watson ........................... 1867-1941

18 Aug 1904 - 05 Jul 1905 George Houstoun Reid ............................ 1845-1918

05 Aug 1905 - 13 Nov 1908 Alfred Deakin (2nd Time)

13 Nov 1908 - 02 Jun 1909 Andrew Fisher (1st Time) ........................ 1862-1928

02 Jun 1909 - 29 Apr 1910 Alfred Deakin (3rd Time)

30 Apr 1910 - 24 Apr 1913 Andrew Fisher (2nd Time)

24 Apr 1913 - 17 Sep 1914 Sir Joseph Cook ................................. 1860-1947

17 Sep 1914 - 27 Oct 1915 Andrew Fisher (3rd Time)

27 Oct 1915 - 09 Feb 1923 William Morris Hughes ........................... 1864-1952

09 Feb 1923 - 22 Oct 1929 Stanley Melbourne Bruce ......................... 1883-1967

22 Oct 1929 - 06 Jan 1932 James Henry Scullin ............................. 1867-1953

06 Jan 1932 - 26 Apr 1939 Joseph Aloysius Lyons ........................... 1879-1939

26 Apr 1939 - 29 Aug 1941 Robert Gordon Menzies (1st Time) ................ 1894-1978

29 Aug - 07 Oct 1941 Arthur William Fadden ........................... 1895-1973

07 Oct 1941 - 06 Jul 1945 John Joseph Curtin .............................. 1885-1945

06 Jul - 13 Jul 1945 Francis Michhael Forde .......................... 1890-1983

13 Jul 1945 - 19 Dec 1949 Joseph Benedicht Chifley ........................ 1885-1951 ALP

19 Dec 1949 - 22 Jan 1966 Robert Gordon Menzies (2nd Time) LP

22 Jan 1966 - 17 Dec 1967 Harold Edward Holt .............................. 1908-1967 LP

17 Dec 1967 - 10 Jan 1968 Sir John McEwen ................................. 1900-1980 ALP

10 Jan 1968 - 10 Mar 1971 Sir John Grey Gorton ............................ 1911-2002 LP

10 Mar 1971 - 05 Dec 1972 Sir William McMahon ............................. 1908-1988 LP

05 Dec 1972 - 11 Nov 1975 Edward Gough Whitlam ............................ 1916-2014 ALP

11 Nov 1975 - 11 Mar 1983 John Malcom Fraser .............................. 1930- LP

11 Mar 1983 - 20 Dec 1991 Robert James Lee Hawke .......................... 1929- ALP

20 Dec 1991 - 11 Mar 1996 Paul John Keating ............................... 1944- ALP

11 Mar 1996 - 03 Dec 2007 John Winston Howard ............................. 1939- LP

03 Dec 2007 - 24 Jun 2010 Kevin Michael Rudd (1st Time) ................... 1957- ALP

24 Jun 2010 - 27 Jun 2013 Julia Eileen Gillard ............................ 1961- ALP

27 Jun - 18 Sep 2013 Kevin Michael Rudd (2nd Time)

18 Sep 2013 - 15 Sep 2015 Anthony John Abbott ............................. 1957- LP

15 Sep 2015 - Malcolm Bligh Turnbull .......................... 1954-

 

 

 

ALP=Australian Labour Party (social-democratic).

LP=Liberal Party (centre-right, neoliberal).

 

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©2007