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Chile

12 Feb 1541               Spanish colony,

       1541               Captincy of Chile, subordinated to Peru

25 Jul 1554 - 16 Jan 1556 Kingdom of Chile in union with Spain

18 Sep 1810 - 04 Jul 1811 First Government Junta of the Kingdom of Chile

18 Sep 1818               Independence, State of Chile

14 Jul 1826 -             Republic of Chile

20 Oct 1883               Annexation of Bolivian Pacific coast

09 Sep 1888               Annexation of Easter Island

04 Jun      - 13 Sep 1932 Socialist Republic of Chile

11 Sep 1973 - 11 Mar 1990 Military rule

 

Government: Republic.

Capital: Santiago.

Language: Spanish.

Religion: Roman Catholic.

National Anthem: "Himno Nacional" ("National Himn").

National Emblem: Condor and Huemel.

National Day: Independence Day, 18 September (1818).

National Motto: Por la Razón o la Fuerza (By right or might).

Currency: Peso.

 

King

25 Jul 1554 - 16 Jan 1556 Habsburg, Filipe, Infante de Asturias,

King of England and Ireland ............................. 1527-1598

(Style "King of Chile" was a courtesy title used before becoming

Filipe II of Spain; he never ruled or was present in Chile)

 

Supreme Directors

16 Feb 1817 - 29 Jan 1823 Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme .............................. 1778-1842

30 Jan - 04 Apr 1823 Agustin Manuel de Eyzaguirre y Arechavala ................ 1768-1827

(President of the Interim Governing Junta)

04 Apr 1823 - 09 Jul 1826 Ramón Freire y Serrano ................................... 1778-1832

(Provisinal until 21 Aug 1823)

Presidents

09 Jul - 09 Sep 1826 Manuel José Blanco y Calvo de Encalada ................... 1790-1876

09 Sep 1826 - 25 Jan 1827 Agustín Manuel de Eyzaguirre y Martínez .................. s.a

25 Jan - 05 May 1827 Ramón Freire y Serrano (3rd Time)

05 May 1827 - 02 Nov 1829 Francisco Antonio y Díaz de la Puente Pinto .............. 1785-1858

02 Nov - 07 Nov 1829 Francisco Ramón de Vicuña Larraín ........................ 1775-1829

07 Nov - 16 Dec 1829 Ramón Freire y Serrano (2nd Time)

24 Dec 1829 - 21 Mar 1831 José Tomás Ovalle Bezanilla .............................. 1788-1831

21 Mar - 18 Sep 1831 Fernando de Errázuriz y Martínez de Aldunate ............. 1777-1841

18 Sep 1831 - 18 Sep 1841 José Joaquín Prieto Vial ................................. 1786-1854

18 Sep 1841 - 18 Sep 1851 Manuel Bulnes Prieto ..................................... 1799-1866

18 Sep 1851 - 18 Sep 1861 Manuel Francisco Antonio Julián Montt Torres ............. 1809-1880

18 Sep 1861 - 18 Sep 1871 José Joaquín Pérez Mascayano ............................. 1800-1889

18 Sep 1871 - 18 Sep 1876 Federico Marcos del Rosario Errazuriz Zanartu ............ 1825-1877

18 Sep 1876 - 18 Sep 1881 Aníbal Pinto Garmendia ................................... 1825-1884

18 Sep 1881 - 18 Sep 1886 Domingo Santa María González ............................. 1825-1886

18 Sep 1886 - 29 Aug 1891 José Manuel Emiliano Balmaceda Fernandez ................. 1840-1891

29 Aug - 31 Aug 1891 Manuel Jesús Baquedano González .......................... 1826-1897 Mil

(Chief of the provisional goverment)

31 Aug 1891 - 18 Sep 1896 Jorge Montt Álvarez ...................................... 1846-1922 Mil

(Chief of the Executive to 26 Dec 1891)

18 Sep 1896 - 12 Jul 1901 Federico Errázuriz Echaurren ............................. 1850-1901

12 Jul - 18 Sep 1901 Aníbal Zañartu Zañartu ................................... 1847-1902

18 Sep 1901 - 18 Sep 1906 Germán Riesco Errázuriz .................................. 1854-1916

18 Sep 1906 - 16 Apr 1910 Pedro Elías Pablo Montt Montt ............................ 1848-1910

16 Apr - 06 Sep 1910 Elías Fernández Albano ................................... 1845-1910

(acting)

06 Sep - 23 Dec 1910 Emiliano Figueroa Larraín (1st Time) ..................... 1860-1931

23 Dec 1910 - 23 Dec 1915 Ramón Barros Luco ........................................ 1835-1919

23 Dec 1915 - 23 Dec 1920 Juan Luis Sanfuentes Andonaegui .......................... 1858-1930

23 Dec 1920 - 12 Sep 1924 Arturo Fortunato Alessandri Palma (1st Time) ............. 1868-1950

12 Sep 1924 - 23 Jan 1925 Luis Altamirano Talavera ................................. 1867-1938 Mil

23 Jan - 27 Jan 1925 Perdro Pablo Dartnell Encina ............................. 1874-1925 Mil

20 Mar - 01 Oct 1925 Arturo Fortunato Alessandri Palma (2nd Time)

01 Oct - 23 Dec 1925 Luis Barros Borgoño ...................................... 1858-1943

23 Dec 1925 - 10 May 1927 Emiliano Figueroa Larraín (2nd Time)

10 May 1927 - 26 Jul 1931 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo (1st Time) ....................... 1877-1960

26 Jul - 27 Jul 1931 Pedro Opazo Letelier ..................................... 1876-1957

(Vice-President, acting)

27 Jul 1931 - 04 Jun 1932 Juan Esteban Montero Rodríguez ........................... 1879-1948

(Vice-President, acting until 04 Dec 1931)

04 Jun - 16 Jun 1932 Arturo Puga Osorio ....................................... 1879-1970

(Chairman of the Goverment Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile)

16 Jun - 13 Sep 1932 Carlos Gregorio Dávila Espinosa .......................... 1887-1955

(Provisional President of the Socialist Republic of Chile)

13 Sep - 02 Oct 1932 Bartolome Guillermo Blanche Espejo ....................... 1879-1970

(provisinal)

02 Oct - 24 Dec 1932 Abraham Oyanedel Urrutia ................................. 1874-1952

(acting)

24 Dec 1932 - 24 Dec 1938 Arturo Fortunato Alessandri Palma (3rd Time)

24 Dec 1938 - 25 Nov 1941 Pedro Abelino Aguirre Cerda .............................. 1879-1941

25 Nov 1941 - 02 Apr 1942 Jerónimo Méndez Arancibia ................................ 1887-1959

02 Apr 1942 - 27 Jun 1946 Juan Antonio Ríos Morales ................................ 1888-1946

27 Jun - 17 Oct 1946 Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez .................................. 1898-1985

17 Oct - 03 Nov 1946 Juan Antonio Iribarren Cabezas ........................... 1885-1977

03 Nov 1946 - 03 Nov 1952 Gabriel González Videla .................................. 1898-1980

03 Nov 1952 - 03 Nov 1958 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo .................................. 1877-1960

03 Nov 1958 - 03 Nov 1964 Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez ............................... 1896-1986

03 Nov 1964 - 03 Nov 1970 Eduardo Nicanor Frei Montalva ............................ 1911-1982 PDC

03 Nov 1970 - 11 Sep 1973 Salvador Isabelino Allende Gossens ....................... 1908-1973 PS

11 Sep 1973 - 27 Jun 1974 Goverment Junta

- General Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte ............... 1915-2006 Mil

(Supreme Chief of the Nation)

- Santiago José Toribio Merino Castro ...................... 1915-1996 Mil

- Gustavo Leigh Guzmán ..................................... 1920-1999 Mil

- César Leonidas Mendoza Durán ............................. 1918-1996 Mil

27 Jun 1974 - 11 Mar 1990 Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte ....................... (s.a)

(President from 17 Dec 1974)

11 Mar 1990 - 11 Mar 1994 Patricio Aylwin Azócar ................................... 1918-2016 PDC

11 Mar 1994 - 11 Mar 2000 Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle .................................. 1942- PDC

11 Mar 2000 - 11 Mar 2006 Ricardo Froilán Lagos Escobar ............................ 1938- PPD

11 Mar 2006 - 11 Mar 2010 Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria (1st Time) .............. 1951- PS

11 Mar 2010 - 11 Mar 2014 Dr. Miguel Juan Sebastián Piñera Echenique ............... 1949- RN

(1st Time)

11 Mar 2014 - 11 Mar 2018 Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria (2nd Time)

11 Mar 2018 - Dr. Miguel Juan Sebastián Piñera Echenique (2nd Time)

 

 

PDC=Partido Democrata Cristiano de Chile (Christian democratic party of Chile, Centrist).

PPD=Partido por la Democracia (Party for Democracy, Social Liberal).

PRSD=Partido Radical Social Democrata (Social Democratic Radical Party, Centrist).

PS=Partido Socialista de Chile (Socialist Party of Chile, Socialist).

RN=Renovación Nacional (National Renewal, liberal-concervative).

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Araucanía

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1777 - 1818 Araucanía outside of Spanish colonial rule

17 Nov 1860 Kingdom of Araucanía proclaimed bya French adventurer

05 Jan 1862 Annexed by Chile, King deported to France

1869 - 1871 Kingdom restored (in disstance)

1871 Incorporated in to Chile

01 Jan 1883 Kingdom exstinguished

01 Nov 1903 Kingdom ended by the death of Antoine II

 

Kings

17 Nov 1860 - 17 Sep 1878 de Tounnes, Oréllie Antoine I ............................ 1825-1878

(arrested 05 Jan 1862, in exile in France 1862-69, 1871-78)

17 Sep 1878 - 16 Mar 1902 de Tounnes, Achille I .................................... 1841-1902

(in exile in France)

21 Mar 1902 - 01 Nov 1903 de Tounnes, Antoine II ................................... 1833-1903

(in exile in France)

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