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Denmark

Royal arms

 

...                       Denmark founded

899                       Kingdom of Denmark

   Apr 1016 - 08 Jun 1042 Union with England

11 Sep 1380               Greenland under Danish rule

11 Sep 1380 - 30 Nov 1918 Danish rule over Iceland

12 Sep 1380 - 24 Jan 1814 In Personal union with Norway

11 Jul 1396 - 06 Jun 1523 Kalmar Union with Norway and Sweden

24 Jan 1814               Norway ceded to Sweden

30 Oct 1863               Schleswig-Holstein ceded to Austria

23 Aug 1866               Schleswig-Holstein and Lauenburg ceded to Prussia

01 Dec 1918 - 17 Jun 1944 In personal union with Iceland

15 Jun 1920               Northern Schleswig reincorporated into Denmark

09 Apr 1940 - 05 May 1945 Occupied by Germany

01 Jan 1973               Accession to the EEC

 

Government: Monarchy.

Capital: Copenhagen.

Language: Danish, German.

Religion: Lutheran.

National Anthem: "Der er et yndigt land" ("Here is a loverly land").

National Emblem: Royal arms.

National Day: Constitution Day, 5th June (1849).

National Motto: Guds hjaelp, Folkets kaelinghed Danmarks Styrke.

EU Accession: 1973.

Currency: Dansih Krone.

 

Monarchs

Fridlief I

Skiold

Frodhi I

Fridlief II

Havar I

Frodhi II

Vermund "The Sage"

Olaf I "The Mild"

Dan "The Magnificent"

Frodhi III

Halfdan I

Fridlief III

Frodhi IV

407-456 Inglid I

456-457 Haldfan

457-460 Frodhi V

460-494 Helge

460-494 Roe

494-510 Frodhi VI

510-522 Hrolf Crow

522-548 Frodhi VII

548-580 Halfdan III

580-588 Rurik Slyngebard

588-647 Ivar

647-735 Harald I

735-770 Randver

770-812 Sigurd I

850-854 Horik I

854-860 Horik II

860-865 Ragnar

865-873 Sigurd II

873-884 Knud I

884-885 Frodo

885-900 Harald II

900 - 950                Hardeknud, Gorm "The Old"

950 - 986                Hardeknud, Harald III Bluetooth

01 Nov 986 - 992         Hardeknud, Svend I Forkbeard

                         (1st Time)

992 - 995                 Erik Bjornsson Segersall

        955 - 02 Feb 1014 Hardeknud, Svend I Forkbeard

                          (2nd Time)

02 Feb 1014 - 1018        Hardeknud, Harald IV

       1018 - 12 Nov 1035 Hardeknud, Knud II The Great

12 Nov 1035 - 08 Jun 1042 Hardeknud, Knud III "The Hardy"

08 Jun 1042 - 25 Oct 1047 Hardeknud, Magnus I "The Good"

25 Oct 1047 - 29 Apr 1076 Estridsen, Svend II

29 Apr 1074 - 17 Apr 1080 Estrudsen, Harald V

17 Apr 1080 - 10 Jul 1086 Estridsen, Knud IV "The Saint"

10 Jul 1086 - 18 Aug 1095 Estridsen, Oluf I Hunger

18 Aug 1095 - 10 Jul 1103 Estridsen, Erik I Evergood

       1103 - 17 Jan 1131 Estridsen, Knud V

       1104 - 25 Jun 1134 Estridsen, Neils

                          (co-ruler)

1134                      Estridsen, Magnus II

       1135 - 18 Sep 1137 Estridsen, Erik II

                          (co-ruler)

18 Sep 1137 - 27 Aug 1147 Estridsen, Erik III

1140 - 1143               Oluf II

                          (co-ruler)

       1140 - 1143        Oluf Haraldsen

27 Aug 1146 - 23 Oct 1157 Estridsen, Svend III

       1146 - 1151        Estridsen, Knud VI

       1154 - 12 May 1182 Estridsen, Valdamar I "The Great"

25 Jun 1170 - 12 Nov 1202 Estridsen, Knud VII

                          (co-ruler to 12 May 1182)

       1175 - 20 Oct 1183 Prince Kanut

                          (co-ruler in Laaland)

12 Nov 1202 - 28 Mar 1241 Estridsen, Valdemar II "The Victorious"

       1218 - 28 Nov 1231 Estridsen, Valdemar Valdamarsen

       1232 - 10 Aug 1250 Estridsen, Erik IV "Ploughpenny"

                          (co-ruler to 28 Mar 1241)

28 Mar 1241 - 10 Aug 1250 Estridsen, Knut Valdemarsen

                          (co-ruler, 1st Time)

10 Aug 1250 - 29 Jun 1252 Estridsen, Abel

10 Aug 1250 - 29 Jun 1252 Estridsen, Knut Valdemarsen

                          (co-ruler, 2nd Time)

29 Jun 1252 - 28 May 1259 Estridsen, Christoffer I

28 May 1259 - 22 Nov 1286 Estridsen, Erik V

22 Nov 1286 - 13 Nov 1319 Estridsen, Erik VI

13 Nov 1319 - 07 Jun 1326 Estridsen, Christoffer II

                          (co-ruler, 1st Time)

07 Jun 1326 - 23 Feb 1330 Estridsen, Valdemar III "Law Mender"

23 Feb 1330 - 02 Aug 1332 Estridsen, Christoffer II

                          (co-ruler, 2nd Time)

02 Aug 1332 - 22 Jun 1340 Regency

22 Jun 1340 - 24 Oct 1375 Valdemar IV Christoffersøn

24 Oct 1375 -    May 1376 Niels Jønsøn

                          (chairman of the state council)

   May 1376 - 03 Aug 1387 Estridsen, Oluf II

03 Aug 1387 - 24 Jan 1396 Estridsen, Margrethe I

24 Jan 1396 - 23 Jun 1439 Estridsen, Erik VII

25 Jul 1439 - 05 Jan 1448 Estridsen, Christoffer III

28 Sep 1448 - 22 May 1481 Oldenburg, Christian I ................................ 1426-1481

22 May 1481 - 20 Feb 1513 Oldenburg, Hans Christiansen .......................... 1455-1513

22 Jul 1513 - 26 Mar 1523 Oldenburg, Christian II ............................... 1481-1559

13 Apr 1523 - 10 Apr 1533 Oldenburg, Frederik I ................................. 1471-1533

19 Aug 1535 - 01 Jan 1559 Oldenburg, Christian III .............................. 1503-1559

01 Jan 1559 - 14 Apr 1588 Oldenburg, Frederik II ................................ 1534-1588

04 Apr 1588 - 17 Aug 1596 Peder Munk til Estvadgaard ............................ 1534-1623

(Regent)

- Christoffer Walckendorff .............................. 1525-1601

(Regent)

04 Apr 1588 - 29 Jun 1594 Niels Kaas til Taarupgaard ............................ 1534-1594

(Regent)

04 Aug 1588 - 09 Apr 1596 Jørgen Rosenkrantz til Rosenholm ...................... 1523-1596

(Regent)

14 Apr 1588 - 09 Mar 1648 Oldenburg, Christian IV ............................... 1577-1648

28 Feb - 08 May 1648 Corfitz greve af Ulfeld ............................... 1606-1664

(Regent)

09 Mar - 16 Jul 1648 Christen Thomesen Sehested ............................ 1590-1657

(Regent)

16 Jul 1648 - 19 Feb 1670 Oldenburg, Frederik III ............................... 1609-1670

19 Feb 1670 - 04 Sep 1699 Oldenburg, Christian V ................................ 1646-1699

04 Sep 1699 - 12 Oct 1730 Oldenburg, Frederik IV ................................ 1671-1730

12 Oct 1730 - 06 Aug 1746 Oldenburg, Christian VI ............................... 1699-1746

06 Aug 1746 - 14 Jan 1766 Oldenburg, Frederik V ................................. 1723-1766

14 Jan 1766 - 13 Mar 1808 Oldenburg, Christian VII .............................. 1749-1808

16 Jan 1772 - 14 Apr 1784 Welf, Juliane von Braunschweig-Wolffenbüttel .......... 1729-1796

(Queen regent for Christian VII)

13 Mar 1808 - 03 Dec 1839 Oldenberg, Frederik VI ................................ 1768-1839

(Kronprinsregent from 14 Apr 1784)

03 Dec 1839 - 20 Jan 1848 Oldenburg, Christian VIII ............................. 1786-1848

20 Jan 1848 - 15 Nov 1863 Oldenburg, Frederik VII ............................... 1808-1863

15 Nov 1863 - 29 Jan 1906 Oldenburg, Christian IX ............................... 1818-1906

29 Jan 1906 - 14 May 1912 Oldenburg, Frederik VIII .............................. 1843-1912

14 May 1912 - 20 Apr 1947 Oldenburg, Christian X ................................ 1872-1947

20 Apr 1947 - 14 Jan 1972 Oldenburg, Frederik IX ................................ 1899-1972

14 Jan 1972 -             Oldenburg, Margrethe II ............................... 1940-

 

 

Prime Ministers

22 Mar 1848 - 27 Jan 1852 Adam Vilhelm Moltke, greve Moltke ..................... 1785-1864

                          (1st Time)

27 Jan 1852 - 21 Apr 1853 Christian Albrecht Bluhme ............................. 1794-1866

21 Apr 1853 - 12 Dec 1854 Anders Sandøe Ørsted .................................. 1788-1860

12 Dec 1854 - 18 Oct 1856 Peter Georg Bang ...................................... 1797-1861

18 Oct 1856 - 13 May 1857 Carl Christopher Georg Andræ .......................... 1812-1893

13 May 1857 - 02 Dec 1859 Carl Christian Hall ................................... 1812-1888

                          (1st Time)

02 Dec 1859 - 08 Feb 1860 Carl Eduard Rotwitt ................................... 1812-1860

08 Feb 1860 - 31 Dec 1863 Carl Christian Hall (2nd Time)

31 Dec 1863 - 11 Jul 1864 Ditlev Gothard Monrad ................................. 1811-1887

11 Jul 1864 - 06 Nov 1865 Christian Albrecht Bluhme (2nd Time)

06 Nov 1865 - 28 May 1870 Christian Emil, Greve Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs ............ 1817-1896

28 May 1870 - 14 Jul 1874 Ludvid Henrik Carl Herman Holstein-Holsteinborg ....... 1815-1892

14 Jul 1874 - 11 Jun 1875 Christian Andreas Fonnesbech .......................... 1817-1880

11 Jun 1875 - 07 Aug 1894 Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup ........................ 1825-1913

07 Aug 1894 - 23 May 1897 Kjeld Thor Tage Otto Reedtz-Thott ..................... 1839-1923

23 May 1897 - 27 Apr 1900 Hugo Egmond Hørring ................................... 1842-1909

27 Apr 1900 - 24 Jul 1901 Hannibal Sehested til Broholm ......................... 1842-1924

24 Jul 1901 - 15 Jan 1905 Johan Hendrik Deuntzer ................................ 1845-1918

15 Jan 1905 - 11 Oct 1908 Jens Christian Christensen ............................ 1856-1930

11 Oct 1908 - 16 Aug 1909 Niels Thomasius Neergaard ............................. 1854-1936

                          (1st Time)

16 Aug      - 28 Oct 1909 Johan Ludvig Carl Christian Tido Holstein ............. 1839-1912

28 Oct 1909 - 04 Jul 1910 Carl Ludvig Zahle ..................................... 1866-1946

                          (1st Time)

04 Jul 1910 - 21 Jun 1913 Klaus Espen Berntsen .................................. 1844-1927

21 Jun 1913 - 30 Mar 1920 Carl Ludvig Zahle (2nd Time)

30 Mar      - 05 Apr 1920 Carl Julius Otto Liebe ................................ 1860-1929

05 Apr      - 05 May 1920 Michael Petersen Friis ................................ 1857-1949

05 May 1920 - 23 Apr 1924 Niels Thomasius Neergaard (2nd Time)

23 Apr 1924 - 13 Dec 1926 Thorvald August Marinus Stauning ...................... 1873-1942

                          (1st Time)

13 Dec 1926 - 28 Apr 1929 Thomas Madsen-Mygal ................................... 1876-1943

28 Apr 1929 - 04 May 1942 Thorvald August Marinus Stauning (2nd Time)

04 May      - 10 Nov 1942 Vilhelm Buhl .......................................... 1881-1954

                          (1st Time)

10 Nov 1942 - 05 May 1945 Erik Julius Christian Scavenius ....................... 1877-1962

05 May      - 07 Nov 1945 Vilhelm Buhl (2nd Time)

07 Nov 1945 - 13 Nov 1947 Knud Kristensen ....................................... 1880-1962 V

13 Nov 1947 - 27 Oct 1950 Hans Hedtoft Hansen ................................... 1903-1962 S

                          (1st Time)

27 Oct 1950 - 30 Sep 1953 Erik Eriksen .......................................... 1902-1972 V

01 Oct 1953 - 29 Jan 1955 Hans Hedtoft Hansen (2nd Time)

29 Jan 1955 - 19 Feb 1960 Hans Christian Svane Hansen ........................... 1906-1960 S

19 Feb 1960 - 03 Sep 1962 Olfert Viggo Fischer Kampmann ......................... 1910-1976 S

03 Sep 1962 - 18 Feb 1968 Jens Otto Krag ........................................ 1914-1978 S

                          (1st Time)

18 Feb 1968 - 09 Oct 1971 Hilmar Tormod Ingolf Baunsgaard ....................... 1920-1989 R

09 Oct 1971 - 05 Oct 1972 Jens Otto Krag (2nd Time)

05 Oct 1972 - 18 Dec 1973 Anker Hendrik Jørgensen ............................... 1922-2016 S

                          (1st Time)

18 Dec 1973 - 13 Feb 1975 Poul Hartling ......................................... 1914-2000 V

13 Feb 1975 - 10 Sep 1982 Anker Hendrik Jørgensen (2nd Time)

10 Sep 1982 - 25 Jun 1993 Poul Holmskov Schülter ................................ 1929-     K

10 Sep 1993 - 27 Nov 2001 Poul Oluf Nyrup Rasmussen ............................. 1943-     S

27 Nov 2001 - 05 Apr 2009 Anders Fogh Rasmussen ................................. 1953-     V

05 Apr 2009 - 03 Oct 2011 Lars Løkke Rasmussen (1st Time) ....................... 1964-     V

03 Oct 2011 - 28 Jun 2015 Helle Thorning-Schmidt ................................ 1966-     S

28 Jun 2015 - Lars Løkke Rasmussen (2nd Time)

 

 

DF=Dansk Folkeparti (Danish People's Party, Nationalist, conservative, populist).

K=Konservative Folkparti (Conservative People's Party, Conservative).

R=Radikale Venstre (Radical Left, Social liberal).

S=Socialdemokraterne (Social Democrats, Centre-left).

SF=Socialistisk Folkeparti (Socialist People's Party, Eco-socialism, Marxism).

V=Venstre (Left Liberal Party, Conservative liberalism, Nordic agrarianism.

 

 

 

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Kalmar Union

 

17 Jun 1397 Treaty of Kalmar founds the union under one King

06 Jun 1523 Union dissolved upon the secession of Sweden

 

Government: Monarchy.

Capital: Copenhagen.

Language: Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Icelandic, German.

Religion: Roman Catholic.

Currency: Ortug.

 

Kings

17 Jun 1387 - 24 Jan 1396 Estridsen, Margrethe

24 Jan 1396 - 23 Jun 1439 Estridsen, Erik af Pommern

25 Jul 1439 - 05 Jan 1448 Estridsen, Christoffer af Bayern

20 Jun 1448 - 24 Feb 1457 Bonde, Karl Knutsson (1st Time)

(King of Sweden, King of Norway 20 Nov 1449 - 1450)

28 Sep 1448 - 22 May 1481 Oldemburg, Christian

09 Aug 1464 - 30 Jan 1465 Bonde, Karl Knutsson (2nd Time)

(King of Sweden)

12 Nov 1467 - 15 May 1470 Bonde, Karl Knutsson (3rd Time)

(King of Sweden)

22 May 1481 - 20 Feb 1513 Oldemburg, Hans

22 Jul 1513 - 26 Mar 1523 Oldemburg, Christian II "the Tyrant"

(King of Sweden 01 Nov 1520 - 23 Aug 1521)

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