European Union

09 May 1950 Schuman Declaration

18 Apr 1951 European Coal and Steel Community

25 Mar 1957 Treaty of Rome creats the European Economic Community

01 Jan 1958 EEC and EURATOM founded

01 Jun 1967 European Communities formed with merger of the EEC,

ESCS and European Atomic Agency

28 Feb 1986 SEA (Single European Act)

07 Feb 1992 Maastricht Treaty signed creating the European Union

01 Nov 1993 European Union

01 Jan 2002 Euro currency introduced

01 Dec 2009 Lisbon Agreement adopted

 

Capital/Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium.

Languages: 24 official, 3 semi-official.

Religion: Christianity, Islam, Judaism.

Anthem: "Ode to Joy".

Emblem: Ring of 12 Stars.

Motto: In Varietate Concordia (United in Diversity).

Day: Europe Day, 9th May (1950).

Currency: Euro.

 

 

Presidency of the European Council

01 Jan 1958 - 31 Dec 2009 See table below

President of the European Council

01 Jan 2010 - 30 Nov 2014 Herman Achille Van Rompuy ....................... 1947- (Belgium)

01 Dec 2014 - Donald Franciszek Tusk .......................... 1957- (Poland)

 

Presidents of the EU Commission

01 Jan 1958 - 30 Jun 1967 Walter Hallstein ................................ 1901-1982 (West Germany)

01 Jul 1967 - 01 Jul 1970 Jean Max Georges Rey ............................ 1902-1983 (Belgium)

01 Jul 1970 - 01 Mar 1972 Franco Maria Malfatti ........................... 1927-1991 (Italy)

01 Mar 1972 - 05 Jan 1973 Sicco Leendert Mansholt ......................... 1908-1995 (Netherlands)

05 Jan 1973 - 05 Jan 1977 François-Xavier Ortoli .......................... 1925-2007 (France)

05 Jan 1977 - 19 Jan 1981 Roy Harris Jenkins .............................. 1920-2003 (United Kingdom)

19 Jan 1981 - 06 Jan 1985 Gaston Thorn .................................... 1928-2007 (Luxembourg)

06 Jan 1985 - 24 Jan 1995 Jacques Lucien Jean Delors ...................... 1925- (France)

24 Jan 1995 - 15 Mar 1999 Jacques Santer .................................. 1937- (Luxembourg)

15 Mar - 15 Sep 1999 Manuel Marín González ........................... 1949- (Spain)

15 Sep 1999 - 22 Nov 2004 Romano Prodi .................................... 1939- (Italy)

22 Nov 2004 - 31 Oct 2014 José Manoel Durão Barroso ....................... 1949- (Portugal)

01 Nov 2014 - Jean-Claude Juncker ............................. 1954- (Luxembourg)

 

 

Presidents of the Common Assembly of the ECSC

10 Sep 1952 - 11 May 1954 Paul-Henri Charles Spaak ........................ 1899-1972 (Belgium)

11 May - 19 Aug 1954 Alcide De Gasperi ............................... 1881-1954 (Italy)

19 Aug 1954 - 27 Nov 1956 Giuseppe Pella .................................. 1902-1981 (Italy)

27 Nov 1956 - 19 Mar 1958 Hans Furler ..................................... 1904-1975 (West Germany)

Presidents of the European Parliamentary Assembly

19 Mar 1958 - 28 Mar 1960 Robert Schuman .................................. 1886-1963 (France)

28 Mar 1960 - 27 Mar 1962 Hans Furler ..................................... s.a

Presidents of the European Parliament

27 Mar 1962 - 21 Mar 1964 Gaetano Martino ................................. 1900-1967 (Italy)

21 Mar 1964 - 24 Sep 1965 Jean Pierre Duvieusart .......................... 1900-1977 (Belgium)

24 Sep 1965 - 07 Mar 1966 Victor Leemans .................................. 1901-1971 (Netherlands)

07 Mar 1966 - 11 Mar 1969 Alain Émile Louis Marie Poher ................... 1909-1996 (France)

11 Mar 1969 - 09 Mar 1971 Mario Scelba .................................... 1901-1991 (Italy)

09 Mar 1971 - 13 Mar 1973 Walter Behrendt ................................. 1914-1997 (West Germany)

13 Mar 1973 - 11 Mar 1975 Cornelis Berkhouwer ............................. 1919-1992 (Netherlands)

11 Mar 1975 - 08 Mar 1977 Georges Spénale ................................. 1913-1983 (France)

08 Mar 1977 - 17 Jul 1979 Emilio Colombo .................................. 1920-2013 (Italy)

17 Jul 1979 - 19 Jan 1982 Simone Veil ..................................... 1927- (France)

19 Jan 1982 - 24 Jul 1984 Piet Dankert .................................... 1934-2003 (Netherlands)

24 Jul 1984 - 20 Jan 1987 Pierre Eugène Jean Pflimlin ..................... 1907-2000 (France)

20 Jan 1987 - 25 Jul 1989 Baron Henry Plumb ............................... 1925- (United Kingdom)

25 Jul 1989 - 14 Jan 1992 Enrique Barón Crespo ............................ 1944- (Spain)

14 Jan 1992 - 19 Jul 1994 Egon Alfred Klepsch ............................. 1930-2010 (Germany)

19 Jul 1994 - 14 Jan 1997 Klaus Hänsch .................................... 1938- (Germany)

14 Jan 1997 - 20 Jul 1999 José María Gil-Robles Delgada ................... 1935- (Spain)

20 Jul 1999 - 15 Jan 2002 Nicole Fontaine ................................. 1942- (France)

15 Jan 2002 - 20 Jul 2004 Patrick Cox ..................................... 1952- (Ireland)

20 Jul 2004 - 16 Jan 2007 Josep Borrell Fontelles ......................... 1947- (Spain)

16 Jan 2007 - 14 Jul 2009 Hans-Gert Pöttering ............................. 1945- (Germany)

14 Jul 2009 - 17 Jan 2012 Jerzy Karol Buzek ............................... 1940- (Poland)

17 Jan 2012 - 17 Jan 2017 Martin Schulz ................................... 1955- (Germany)

18 Jun - 01 Jul 2014 Gianni Pittella ................................. 1958- (Italy)

(acting)

17 Jan 2017 - Antonio Tajani .................................. 1953- (Italy)

 

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Presidency of the Council of the E.U

 

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1958

Belgium

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1958

West Germany

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1959

France

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1959

Italy

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1960

Luxembourg

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1960

Netherlands

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1961

Belgium

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1961

West Germany

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1962

France

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1962

Italy

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1963

Luxembourg

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1963

Netherlands

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1964

Belgium

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1964

West Germany

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1965

France

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1965

Italy

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1966

Luxembourg

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1966

Netherlands

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1967

Belgium

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1967

West Germany

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1968

France

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1968

Italy

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1969

Luxembourg

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1969

Netherlands

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1970

Belgium

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1970

West Germany

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1971

France

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1971

Italy

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1972

Luxembourg

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1972

Netherlands

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1973

Belgium

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1973

Denmark

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1974

West Germany

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1974

France

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1975

Ireland

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1975

Italy

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1976

Luxembourg

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1976

Netherlands

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1977

United Kingdom

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1977

Belgium

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1978

Denmark

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1978

West Germany

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1979

France

01 Jul - 31 Dec 1979

Ireland

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1980

Italy

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1980

Luxembourg

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1981

Netherlands

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1981

United Kingdom

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1982

Belgium

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1982

Denmark

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1983

West Germany

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1983

Greece

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1984

France

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1984

Ireland

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1985

Italy

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1985

Luxembourg

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1986

Netherlands

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1986

United Kingdom

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1987

Belgium

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1987

Denmark

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1988

West Germany

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1988

Greece

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1989

Spain

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1989

France

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1990

Ireland

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1990

Italy

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1991

Luxembourg

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1991

Netherlands

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1992

Portugal

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1992

United Kingdom

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1993

Denmark

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1993

Belgium

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1994

Greece

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1994

Germany

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1995

France

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1995

Spain

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1996

Italy

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1996

Ireland

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1997

Netherlands

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1997

Luxembourg

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1998

United Kingdom

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1998

Austria

01 Jan - 30 Jun 1999

Germany

01 Jun - 31 Dec 1999

Finland

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2000

Portugal

01 Jun - 31 Dec 2000

France

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2001

Sweden

01 Jun - 31 Dec 2001

Belgium

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2002

Spain

01 Jun - 31 Dec 2002

Denmark

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2003

Greece

01 Jun - 31 Dec 2003

Italy

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2004

Ireland

01 Jun - 31 Dec 2004

Netherlands

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2005

Luxembourg

01 Jun - 31 Dec 2005

United Kingdom

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2006

Austria

01 Jun - 31 Dec 2006

Finland

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2007

Germany

01 Jun - 31 Dec 2007

Portugal

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2008

Slovenia

01 Jun - 31 Dec 2008

France

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2009

Czechia

01 Jun - 31 Dec 2009

Sweden

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2010

Spain

01 Jul - 31 Dec 2010

Belgium

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2011

Hungary

01 Jun - 31 Dec 2011

Poland

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2012

Denmark

01 Jul - 31 Dec 2012

Cyprus

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2013

Ireland

01 Jul - 31 Dec 2013

Lithuania

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2014

Greece

01 Jul - 31 Dec 2014

Italy

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2015

Latvia

01 Jul - 31 Dec 2015

Luxembourg

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2016

Netherlands

01 Jul - 31 Dec 2016

Slovakia

01 Jan - 30 Jun 2017

Malta

01 Jul - 31 Dec 2017

Estonia

Members of the European Union

01 Jan 1958 - Kingdom of Belgium

- French Republic

- Federal Republic of (West) Germany

- Republic of Italy

- Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

- Kingdom of The Netherlands

01 Jan 1973 - Kingdom of Denmark

- Republic of Ireland

- United Kingdom of Great Britain

and Northern Ireland

01 Jan 1981 - Hellenic Republic

01 Jan 1986 - Republic of Portugal

- Kingdom of Spain

01 Jan 1995 - Republic of Austria

- Republic of Finland

- Kingdom of Sweden

01 Jan 2004 - Republic of Cyprus

- Czech Republic

- Republic of Estonia

- Republic of Hungary

- Republic of Latvia

- Republic of Lithuania

- Republic of Malta

- Republic of Poland

- Slovak Republic

- Republic of Slovenia

01 Jan 2007 - Republic of Bulgaria

- Republic of Romania

01 Jul 2013 - Republic of Croatia

Candidate Countries 

22 Mar 2004 - F.Y.R.O.M

20 Oct 2005 - Turkey (dormant)

15 Dec 2008 - Montenegro

22 Dec 2009 - Serbia

Applied

28 Apr 2009 - Albania

28 Apr 2009 - Bosnia and Herzegovina

Non Members

Andorra

Armenia (joined the Eurasian Union 2015)

Belarus (joined the Eurasian Union 2015)

Georgia

Iceland (Accession process suspended as of 2013)

Liechtenstein

Monaco

Norway (membership rejected 1994)

Russian Federation (joined the Eurasian Union 2015)

San Marino (application fails due to quorum 2013)

Switzerland (membership rejected 1992)

Ukraine

©2009

©2006