Federal States of Germany

Baden-Württemberg

25 Apr 1952               Baden-Württemberg

 

Minister-Presidents

25 Apr 1952 - 30 Sep 1953 Reinhold Maier .................... 1889-1971 FDP

01 Oct 1953 - 17 Dec 1958 Gebhard Müller .................... 1900-1990 CDU

17 Dec 1958 - 30 Nov 1966 Kurt Georg Kiesinger .............. 1904-1988 CDU

01 Dec 1966 - 30 Aug 1978 Hans Filbinger .................... 1913-2007 CDU

30 Aug 1978 - 22 Jan 1991 Lothar Späth ...................... 1937-2016 CDU

22 Jan 1991 - 21 Apr 2005 Erwin Teufel ...................... 1939-     CDU

21 Apr 2005 - 10 Feb 2010 Günther Oettinger ................. 1953-     CDU

10 Feb 2010 - 11 May 2011 Stefan Mappus ..................... 1966-     CDU

11 May 2011 -             Winfried Kretschmann .............. 1948-     G

 


Bayern (Bavaria)

28 May 1945 -             Freistaat Bayern

 

Minister-Presidents

28 May      - 28 Sep 1945 Friedrich Schäffer ................ 1888-1967

28 Sep 1945 - 21 Dec 1946 Wilhelm Hoegner ................... 1887-1980 SPD

                          (1st Time)

21 Dec 1946 - 14 Dec 1954 Hans Ehard ........................ 1887-1980 CSU

14 Dec 1954 - 16 Oct 1957 Wilhelm Hoegner (2nd Time)

16 Oct 1957 - 26 Jan 1960 Hanns Wendelin Seidel ............. 1901-1961 CSU

26 Jan 1960 - 11 Dec 1962 Hans Ehard (2nd Time)

11 Dec 1962 - 06 Nov 1978 Alfons Goppel ..................... 1905-1991 CSU

06 Nov 1978 - 03 Oct 1988 Franz Josef Strauss ............... 1915-1988 CSU

03 Oct 1988 - 28 May 1993 Maximilian Balthasar Streibl ...... 1932-1998 CSU

28 May 1993 - 09 Oct 2007 Edmund Rüdiger Stoiber ............ 1941-     CSU

09 Oct 2007 - 27 Oct 2008 Günther Beckstein ................. 1943-     CSU

27 Oct 2008 - 14 Mar 2018 Horst Lorenz Seehofer ............. 1949-     CSU

16 Mar 2018 -             Markus Söder ...................... 1967-     CSU


Berlin

01 Jan 1871               Imperial Capital

01 Oct 1920               Separated from Brandenburg province as Gross-Berlin

02 May 1945 - 02 Oct 1990 Divided into allied sectors

20 Oct 1946               Greater Berlin

30 Nov 1948 - 02 Oct 1990 Divided into East and West Berlin,

                           West Berlin closely affiliated,

                            but not legally part of West Germany

28 Aug 1961 - 09 Nov 1989 City divided by Berlin Wall

20 Jun 1991               Restored as German capital

 

Mayors

24 Jan 1991 - 16 Jun 2001 Eberhard Diepgen .................. 1941-     CDU

16 Jun 2001 - 11 Dec 2014 Klaus Wowereit .................... 1953-     SPD

11 Dec 2014 -             Michael Müller .................... 1964-     SPD



Brandenburg

1701 - 1945               Prussian province

23 May 1945 - 02 Oct 1990 Part of East Germany

03 Oct 1990 -             State of Brandenburg

 

Minister-Presidents

03 Oct      - 31 Oct 1990 Jochen Wolf ....................... 1941-   SPD

                          (Landesbevollmächtigter)

01 Nov 1990 - 26 Jun 2002 Manfred Stolpe .................... 1935-   SPD

26 Jun 2002 - 28 Aug 2013 Matthias Platzeck ................. 1953-   SPD

28 Aug 2013 -             Dietmar Woidke .................... 1961-   SPD


Bremen

First Mayors

04 May      - 01 Aug 1945 Erich Vagts ....................... 1896-1981 SPD

01 Aug 1945 - 20 Jul 1965 Wilhelm Kaisisen .................. 1887-1979 SPD

20 Jul 1965 - 28 Nov 1967 Wilhelm Dehnkamp .................. 1903-1985 SPD

28 Nov 1967 - 18 Sep 1985 Hans Koschnick .................... 1929-2016 SPD

18 Sep 1985 - 04 Jul 1995 Klaus Wedemeir .................... 1944-     SPD

04 Jul 1995 - 08 Nov 2005 Henning Schref .................... 1938-     SPD

08 Nov 2005 - 15 Jul 2015 Jens Böhrnsen ..................... 1949-     SPD

15 Jul 2015 - 15 Aug 2019 Carsten Günter Erich Sieling ...... 1959-     SPD

15 Aug 2019 -             Andreas Bovenschulte .............. 1965-     SPD


Hamburg

06 Jun 1952               Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg

 

Minister-Presidents

15 May 1945 - 22 Nov 1946 Rudolf Hieronymus Petersen ........ 1879-1962

22 Nov 1946 - 02 Dec 1953 Maximilian Brauer ................. 1887-1973 SPD

                          (1st Time)

02 Dec 1953 - 04 Dec 1957 Kurt Sieveking .................... 1897-1986

04 Dec 1957 - 31 Jan 1960 Maximilian Brauer (2nd Time)

01 Jan 1961 - 09 Jun 1965 Paul Nevermann .................... 1902-1979 SPD

09 Jan 1965 - 16 Jun 1971 Herbert Weichmann ................. 1896-1983 SPD

16 Jun 1971 - 12 Nov 1974 Peter Schultz ..................... 1930-2013 SPD

12 Nov 1974 - 24 Jun 1981 Hans-Ulrich Klose ................. 1937-     SPD

24 Jun 1981 - 08 Jun 1988 Klaus von Dohnanyi ................ 1928-     SPD

08 Jun 1988 - 12 Nov 1997 Henning Voschereau ................ 1941-2016 SPS

12 Nov 1997 - 31 Oct 2001 Ortwin Runde ...................... 1944-     SPD

01 Nov 2001 - 25 Aug 2010 Carl-Friedrich Arp Ole,

                           Freiherr von Beust ............... 1955-     CDU

25 Aug 2010 - 07 Mar 2011 Christoph Ahlhaus ................. 1969-     CDU

07 Mar 2011 - 13 Mar 2018 Olaf Scholz ....................... 1958-     SPD

14 Mar      - 28 Mar 2018 Katharina Fegebank ................ 1977-     G

                          (acting)

28 Mar 2018 -             Peter Tschenscher ................. 1966-     SPD


Hessen

19 Sep 1945               Land Hesse

01 Dec 1946               Hessen

07 Sep 1949               Part of Federal Republic of Germany

 

Minister-Presidents

19 Sep      - 16 Oct 1945 Ludwig Bergsträsser ............... 1883-1960

16 Oct 1945 - 20 Dec 1946 Karl Hermann Geiler ............... 1878-1953

20 Dec 1946 - 14 Dec 1950 Christian Stock ................... 1884-1967 SPD

14 Dec 1950 - 03 Oct 1969 Georg August Zinn ................. 1901-1976 SPD

03 Oct 1969 - 12 Oct 1976 Albert Osswald .................... 1919-1996 SPD

12 Oct 1976 - 23 Apr 1987 Holger Börner ..................... 1931-2006 SPD

23 Apr 1987 - 05 Apr 1991 Walter Wallmann ................... 1932-2013 CDU

05 Oct 1991 - 07 Apr 1999 Hans Eichel ....................... 1941-     SPD

07 Apr 1999 - 31 Aug 2010 Roland Koch ....................... 1958-     CDU

01 Sep 2010 -             Volker Bouffier ................... 1951-     CDU



Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

01 Jan 1934               Reichsgau Mecklenburg

       1945 - 02 Oct 1990 Within East Germany

31 Jul 1945               Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

01 Mar 1947               Mecklenburg

23 Jul 1952 - 02 Oct 1990 State abolished

03 Oct 1990 -             Mecklenburg-Vorpommern


Minister-Presidents

27 Oct 1990 - 19 Mar 1992 Alfred Gomolka .................... 1942-     CDU

19 Mar 1992 - 03 Nov 1998 Berndt Seite ...................... 1940-     CDU

03 Nov 1998 - 06 Oct 2008 Harald Ringsdorff ................. 1939-     SPD

06 Oct 2008 - 04 Jul 2017 Erwin Sellering ................... 1949-     SPD

                          (resigned due to cancer treatment 30 May 2017)

04 Jul 2017 -             Manuela Schwesig .................. 1974-     SPD



Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony)

09 Dec 1946               Merger of Braunschweig, Oldenburg and Hannover

                           into Neidersachsen

 

Minister-Presidents

09 Dec 1946 - 26 May 1955 Heinrich Wilhelm Kopf ............ 1893-1961 SPD

                          (1st Time)

26 May 1955 - 12 May 1959 Heinrich Peter Hellwege .......... 1908-1991

12 May 1959 - 21 Dec 1961 Heinrich Wilhelm Kopf

                          (2nd Time)

29 Dec 1961 - 08 Jul 1970 Georg Diederichs ................. 1900-1983 SPD

08 Jul 1970 - 06 Feb 1976 Alfred Kubel ..................... 1909-1999 SPD

06 Feb 1976 - 21 Jun 1990 Ernst Carl Julius Albrecht ....... 1930-2014 CDU

21 Jul 1990 - 28 Oct 1998 Gerhard Friedrich Kurt Schröder .. 1944-     SPD

28 Oct 1998 - 15 Oct 1999 Gerhard Glogowski ................ 1959-     SPD

15 Oct 1999 - 04 Mar 2003 Sigmar Gabriel ................... 1959-     CDU

04 Mar 2003 - 30 Jun 2010 Christian Wilhelm Walter Wulf .... 1959-     CDU

01 Jul 2010 - 19 Feb 2013 David James McAllister ........... 1971-     CDU

19 Feb 2013 -             Stephan Weil ..................... 1958-     SPD



Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia)

20 Jun 1945 - 24 Jul 1946 Nordrhein formed from former Prussian Rheinland province

07 Jun 1945 - 23 Aug 1946 Westfalen formed from former Prussian Westfalen province

23 Aug 1946               Nordrhein and Westfalen merged to form Nordrhein-Westfalen

07 Sep 1949               Part of Federal Republic of Germany

 

Oberpräsident of Nordrhein

04 Jul      - 02 Oct 1945 Hans Fuchs ....................... 1874-1956

02 Oct 1945 - 24 Jul 1946 Robert Lehr ...................... 1883-1956 CDU

Oberpräsident of Westfalen

07 Jun 1945 - 23 Aug 1946 Rudolf Amelunxen ................. 1888-1969

Minister-Presidents

23 Aug 1946 - 16 Jun 1947 Rudolf Amelunxen

17 Jun 1947 - 20 Feb 1956 Karl Arnold ...................... 1901-1958 CDU

20 Feb 1956 - 21 Jul 1958 Friedrich Steinhoff .............. 1897-1969 SPD

21 Jul 1958 - 08 Dec 1966 Franz Meyers ..................... 1908-2002 CDU

08 Dec 1966 - 20 Sep 1978 Heinz Kühn ....................... 1912-1992 SPD

20 Sep 1978 - 27 May 1998 Johannes Rau ..................... 1931-2006 SPD

27 May 1998 - 22 Oct 2002 Wolfgang Clement ................. 1940-     SPD

22 Oct      - 06 Nov 2002 Michael Vesper ................... 1952-     G

                          (acting)

06 Nov 2002 - 22 Jun 2005 Peer Steinbrück .................. 1947-     SPD

22 Jun 2005 - 14 Jul 2010 Jürgen Rüttgers .................. 1951-     CDU

14 Jul 2010 - 27 Jun 2017 Hannelore Kraft .................. 1961-     SPD

27 Jun 2017 -             Armin Laschet .................... 1961-     CDU



Rheinland-Pfalz (Rheinland-Palatinate)

15 Jun 1945               Rheinland-Hessen-Nassau province

01 Dec 1946 -             State of Rheinland-Pfalz

 

Minister-Presidents

19 Nov 1945 - 09 Jul 1947 Wilhelm Boden .................... 1890-1961 CDU

09 Jul 1947 - 19 May 1969 Peter Altmeier ................... 1899-1977 CDU

19 May 1969 - 02 Dec 1976 Helmut Josef Michael Kohl ........ 1930-2017 CDU

02 Dec 1976 - 08 Dec 1988 Bernhard Vogel ................... 1932-     CDU

08 Dec 1988 - 21 May 1991 Carl-Ludwig Wagner ............... 1930-2012 CDU

21 May 1991 - 26 Oct 1994 Rudolf Scharping ................. 1947-     SPD

26 Oct 1994 - 16 Jan 2013 Kurt Beck ........................ 1949-     SPD

16 Jan 2013 -             Marie-Louise "Malu" Dreyer ....... 1961-     SPD



Saarland

11 Nov 1918 - 26 Feb 1920 French occupation

26 Feb 1920               Under League of Nations administration

01 Mar 1935               Re-incorporated into Germany after a

                           plebliscite with 90.73% in favour

31 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1956 French administration

23 Oct 1955               Referendum results in 67% against proposed

                           independence under West European Union protection

01 Jan 1957               Re-incorporated into Germany

 

President of the Government

04 May 1945 - 06 Oct 1946 Hans Neureuter ................... 1901-1953

Chairman of the Administration Commission

07 Oct 1946 - 15 Dec 1947 Erwin Müller ..................... 1906-1968

Minister-Presidents

15 Dec 1947 - 30 Oct 1955 Johannes Hoffmann ................ 1890-1967

30 Oct 1955 - 10 Jan 1956 Heinrich Welsch .................. 1888-1976

10 Jan 1956 - 04 Jun 1957 Hubert Ney ....................... 1892-1984 CDU

04 Jun 1957 - 23 Apr 1959 Egon Reinhard .................... 1908-1959 CDU

23 Apr 1959 - 26 Jul 1979 Franz Josef Röder ................ 1909-1979 CDU

26 Jul 1979 - 09 Apr 1985 Werner Zeyer ..................... 1929-2000 CDU

09 Apr 1985 - 10 Nov 1998 Oskar Lafontaine ................. 1943-     SPD

10 Nov 1998 - 30 Sep 1999 Reihard Klimt .................... 1942-     SPD

01 Oct 1999 - 10 Aug 2011 Peter Aloysius Müller ............ 1955-     CDU

10 Aug 2011 - 01 Mar 2018 Annegret Kramp-Karrebauer ........ 1962-     CDU

01 Mar 2018 -             Tobias Hans ...................... 1978-     CDU



Sachsen (Saxony)

14 Mar 1919               Freistaat Sachsen (Free State of Saxony)

07 Oct 1949 - 02 Oct 1990 Part of East Germany

23 Jul 1952               State dissolved

03 Oct 1990 -             State recontructed

 

Minister-Presidents

27 Oct 1990 - 18 Apr 2002 Kurt Hans Biedenkopf ............. 1930-     CDU

18 Apr 2002 - 28 May 2008 Georg Milbrandt .................. 1945-     CDU

28 May 2008 - 13 Dec 2017 Stanislaw Tillich ................ 1959-     CDU

13 Dec 2017 -             Michael Kretschmer ............... 1975-     CDU


Sachsen-Anhalt (Saxony-Anhalt)

23 Jul 1945               Province created out of the merger of

                           Prussian Saxony and Anhalt

21 Jul 1947               State

23 Jul 1952 - 02 Oct 1990 State dissolved, becomes Halle and Magdeburg districts

03 Oct 1990 -             Federal State

 

Minister-Presidents

28 Oct 1990 - 04 Jul 1991 Gerd Gies ........................ 1943-     CDU

04 Jul 1991 - 02 Dec 1993 Werner Muench .................... 1940-     CDU

02 Dec 1993 - 21 Jun 1994 Christoph Bergner ................ 1948-     CDU

21 Jun 1994 - 16 May 2002 Reinhard Hoeppner ................ 1948-2014 SPD

16 May 2002 - 19 Apr 2011 Wolfgang Böhhmer ................. 1936-     CDU

19 Apr 2011 -             Rainer Haseloff .................. 1954-     CDU



Schleswig-Holstein (Sleswick-Holsatia)

1864 - 1946               Prussian Province

23 Aug 1946 -             Federal State

 

Minister-Presidents

23 Aug 1946 - 29 Apr 1947 Theodor Hans Steltzer ............ 1885-1967 CDU

29 Apr 1947 - 29 Aug 1949 Hermann Ludemann ................. 1880-1959 SPD

29 Aug 1949 - 05 Sep 1950 Bruno Diekmann ................... 1897-1982 SPD

05 Sep 1950 - 25 Jun 1951 Walter Bartram ................... 1893-1971 CDU

25 Jun 1951 - 02 Oct 1954 Friedrich Wilhelm Lübke .......... 1887-1954 CDU

02 Oct 1954 - 14 Jun 1963 Kai-Uwe von Hassel ............... 1913-1997 CDU

14 Jan 1963 - 24 May 1971 Helmut Lemke ..................... 1907-1990 CDU

24 May 1971 - 14 Oct 1982 Gerhard Stoltenburg .............. 1928-2001 CDU

14 Oct 1982 - 02 Oct 1987 Uwe Barschel ..................... 1944-1987 CDU

02 Oct 1987 - 31 May 1988 Henning Schwatz .................. 1928-1993 CDU

01 Jun 1988 - 19 May 1993 Björn Engholm .................... 1939-     SPD

19 May 1993 - 27 Apr 2005 Heide Simonis .................... 1943-     SPD

27 Apr 2005 - 12 Jun 2012 Peter Heinrich Carstensen ........ 1947-     CDU

12 Jun 2012 - 28 Jun 2017 Torsten Albig .................... 1963-     SDP

28 Jun 2017 -             Daniel Günther ................... 1973-     CDU



Thüringen (Thuringia)

14 Jul 1919               Reuss and the Saxon Duchies united as Thüringen

01 May 1920               Freistaat Thüringen (Free State of Thuringia)

07 Oct 1949 - 02 Oct 1990 Part of East Germany

03 Oct 1990               State of Thuringia

23 Nov 1993 -             Free State of Thuringia

 

Minister-presidents

03 Oct 1990 - 05 Feb 1992 Josef Duchak ..................... 1938-     CDU

                          (Landesbevollmachtigter to 08 Oct 1990)

05 Feb 1992 - 05 Jun 2003 Bernhard Vogel ................... 1932-     CDU

05 Jun 2003 - 30 Oct 2009 Dieter Althaus ................... 1958-     CDU

30 Oct 2009 - 05 Dec 2014 Christine Lieberknecht ........... 1958-     CDU

05 Dec 2014 -             Bodo Ramelow ..................... 1956-     PDS



CDU=Christlich Demokratische Union (Christian Democratic, conservative).

CSU=Christlich-Soziale Union (Christian Democratic, Bavarian local CDU)

SPD=Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (Social democratic).

FDP=Freie Demokranische Partei (Liberal).

PDS=Die Linke, Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus (Socialist).

G=Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (Environmentalist).

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