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Éire

 

1980 BC Legendary founding of the Celtic Kingdom of Ireland

1934 BC - 1258 AD Ard Rí na hÉireann (High Kingship of Ireland)

1155 Papal Bull 'bestows' Hibernia (Ireland) to the King of England

17 Oct 1171 - 18 Jun 1541 Tiarnas na hÉireann/Seigneurie d'Irlande (Lordship of Ireland)

1200 - 1258 Occupide by England

1258 - 1290 Ríoghacht Éireann (Kingdom of Ireland)

1290 - 1315 Occupide by England

Jun 1315 - 14 Oct 1318 Kingdom of Ireland

18 Jun 1541 Ríoghacht Éireann (Kingdom of Ireland) in personal union with England

Aug 1598 - 24 Dec 1601 Kingdom of Ireland (de facto independence)

23 Oct 1641 - 27 Apr 1653 Irish wars led by Catholic Confederation

17 Mar 1642 - 12 Aug 1652 Irish Catholic Confederation in rebellion

against English parliamentary forces

01 Aug 1649 - 08 May 1660 Part of the Commenwealth of England and Scotland

12 Mar 1689 - 03 Oct 1691 Jacobite rebellion

01 Jan 1801 Part of Great Britain

24 Apr - 29 Apr 1916 Easter Rebellion against British rule

24 Apr - 30 Apr 1916 Irish Kingdom (proposed German allied state)

24 Apr 1916 - 11 Jul 1921 Anglo-Irish war

21 Jan 1919 Independence proclamed as the Poblacht na hÉireann (Irish Republic)

(not recognised by Great Britain)

03 May 1921 - 06 Dec 1922 Southern Ireland (autonomous)

06 Dec 1922 Saorstát Éireann (Irish Free State) a British Dominion

29 Dec 1937 Éire (Ireland)

18 Apr 1949 - Poblacht na hÉireann (Republic of Ireland)

01 Jan 1973 Accession to the EEC

High Kingship of Tara

 

 

1934 BC - 1258 AD         Kingdom of Ireland

17 Oct 1171 - 18 Jun 1541 Lordship of Ireland

1200 - 1258               Occupide by England

1258 - 1290               Kingdom of Ireland

1290 - 1315               Occupide by England

   Jun 1315 - 14 Oct 1318 Kingdom of Ireland

12 Mar 1689 - 03 Oct 1691 Jacobite rebellion

01 Jan 1801               Part of Great Britain

 

 

Airdrigh ouÉire (High King of Tara)

1934-1933 Fir Bolg, Slainge

1933-1931 Fir Bolg, Rudraige

1931-1927 Fir Bolg, Gann

1931-1927 Fir Bolg, Genann

1927-1922 Fir Bolg, Sengann

1922-1917 Fir Bolg, Faicha Cennfinnan

1917-1911 Fir Bolg, Rinnal

1911-1907 Fir Bolg, Fodbgen

1907-1897 Fir Bolg, Eochaidh I MacEirc

1897-1891 Tuatha de Danaan, Breas

1891-1871 Tuatha de Danaan, Nuadah

1871-1831 Tuatha de Danaan, Lugh

1831-1750 Tuatha de Danaan, Eochaidh II

1750-1740 Tuatha de Danaan, Dealbhaeth

1740-1730 Tuatha de Danaan, Fiacha

1730-1700 Tuatha de Danaan, MacGuill

1730-1700 Tuatha de Danaan, MacCeacht

1730-1701 Tuatha de Danaan, MacGreine

1701-1700 Ui Niall, Heber

1700-1684 Ui Niall, Heremon

1684-1681 Ui Niall, Muimhne

1683-1681 Ui Niall, Luighne

1683-1681 Ui Niall, Laighne

1681      Ui Niall, Ir

1681      Ui Niall, Orba

1681      Ui Niall, Fearon

1681      Ui Niall, Ferga

1681      Ui Niall, Nuadha I Neacht

1681-1671 Ui Niall, Irial Faidh

1670-1651 Ui Niall, Eithrial

1650-1621 Ui Niall, Conmael

1620-1544 Ui Niall, Tighernmas

1536-1533 Ui Niall, Eochaidh III Eadghadhach

1533-1493 Ui Niall, Cearmna

1532-1493 Ui Niall, Sobhairce

1493-1473 Ui Niall, Eochaidh IV

1473-1449 Ui Niall, Fiacha Labhrainne

1449-1428 Ui Niall, Eochaidh V Mumho

1427-1410 Ui Niall, Aegnus Olmucadha

1410-1383 Ui Niall, Enna Airgtheach

1382-1358 Ui Niall, Roitheachtaigh I

1357-1353 Ui Niall, Sedna

1353-1333 Ui Niall, Fiacha I Finsothach

1332-1328 Ui Niall, Muineamhon

1327-1318 Ui Niall, Faildeargdoid

1318-1278 Ui Niall, Eochaidh VI Ollmah Fodhla

1278-1258 Ui Niall, Elim I

1258-1241 Ui Niall, Slanoll

1241-1230 Ui Niall, Gedhe

1230-1209 Ui Niall, Fiacha II Finnailches

1209-1197 Ui Niall, Bearnghal

1197-1181 Ui Niall, Oilioll I

1180-1130 Ui Niall, Sírna

1130-1024 Ui Niall, Roitheachtaigh II

1024-1023 Ui Niall,Elim II

1023-1014 Ui Niall, Giallchaidh

1014-1002 Ui Niall, Art I Imleach

1002-962 Ui Niall, Nuadhat Finnfail

962-953 Ui Niall, Breas

953-952 Ui Niall, Eochaidh VII Apthach

952-930 Ui Niall, Finn

929-910 Ui Niall, Sedna II Innarraigh

909-904 Ui Niall, Simon

903-894 Ui Niall, Duach I

894-892 Ui Niall, Muireadhach Bolgrach

892-881 Ui Niall, Enda

881-872 Ui Niall, Lughaidh I Iardonn

972-856 Ui Niall, Sirlamh

856-844 Ui Niall, Eochaidh VIII Uaircheas

844-839 Ui Niall, Eochaidh IX Fiadhmuime

843-839 Ui Niall, Conaing Begeaglach (1st Time)

839-832 Ui Niall, Lughaidh II

831-812 Ui Niall, Conaing Begeaglach (2nd Time)

811-806 Ui Niall, Art II

806-796 Ui Niall, Fiacha IV Tolgrach

795-785 Ui Niall, Oilioll II

785-778 Ui Niall, Eochaidh X

777-747 Ui Niall, Airgeatmhar

747-737 Ui Niall, Duach II Ladhgrach

737-731 Ui Niall, Lughaidh III Laighdhe

731-724 Ui Niall, Áedh I (1st Time)

723-717 Ui Niall, Diothorba (1st Time)

717-709 Ui Niall, Cimbaeth

709-703 Ui Niall, Áedh I (2nd Time)

702-688 Ui Niall, Diothorba (2nd Time)

688-681 Ui Niall, Áedh I (3rd Time)

682-675 Ui Niall, Diothorba (3rd Time)

667-654 Ui Niall, Macha

654-634 Ui Niall, Reachtaidh Righdhearg

633-594 Ui Niall, Úgaine

594     Ui Niall, Badhbhchadh

594-592 Ui Niall, Loeguire I Lorc

592-542 Ui Niall, Cobhthach Cael Breagh

541-523 Ui Niall, Labhraidh

522-506 Ui Niall, Melghe Molbhthach

506-499 Ui Niall, Modhcorb

499-481 Ui Niall, Aengus II

481-474 Ui Niall, Irereo

474-763 Ui Niall, Fearcorb

763-443 Ui Niall, Connla

442-418 Ui Niall, Oilioll III

418-414 Ui Niall, Adamair

414-396 Ui Niall, Eochaidh XI Ailtleathan

395-385 Ui Niall, Feargus I Fortamhail

312-293 Ui Niall, Enna II Aighneach

292-289 Ui Niall, Crimthann Cosgrach

289-219 Ui Niall, Rory I

219-210 Ui Niall, Innatmar

210-199 Ui Niall, Breasal Boidhiobhach

198-184 Ui Niall, Lughaidh IV Luaighne

184-159 Ui Niall, Congal Claroineach

159-143 Ui Niall, Fathach, Fachtna

143-131 Ui Niall, Feidlech, Eochaidh XII

131-116 Ui Niall, Edescel

111-110 Ui Niall, Nuada Necht

110-40 Ui Niall, Conaire Mor

33-9 Ui Niall, Lugaid I Raib nDerg

9-8 Ui Niall, Conachobar Abradruad

8 BC-9 AD Ui Niall, Crimmthan Nai Nair

9-14 Ui Niall, Cair Cinnchait

14-39 Ui Niall, Feradach Finnfechtach

36-39 Ui Niall, Fiatach Finn I

39-56 Ui Niall, Faicha Finnfolaidh I

56-76 Ui Niall, Elim II

76-106 Ui Niall, Tuathal Teachtmhar

106-110 Ui Niall, Mal I

110-119 Ui Niall, Fedlimid Rechtmar

119-122 Ui Niall, Cathair Mor

122-157 Ui Niall, Conn Cetchathach

157-165 Ui Niall, Conaire

165-195 Ui Niall, Art III Mac Cuinn

195-225 Ui Niall, Lugaid II Mac Con

225-226 Ui Niall, Fergus Dubdetach

226-266 Ui Niall, Cormac mac Airt

266-267 Ui Niall, Eochaidh XIII Gonnat

267-284 Ui Niall, Cirber I

284-285 Ui Niall, Fothad Cairpthech

284-285 Ui Niall, Fothad Airgthech

285-322 Ui Niall, Faicha Sraibhtine

322-326 Ui Niall, Colla Uais

326-356 Ui Niall, Tirech, Muiredach

356-357 Ui Niall, Caelbad

357-365 Ui Niall, Mugmedon, Eochaidh XIV

365-379 Ui Niall, MacFidaig, Crimmthann mac Fidaig

379-405 Ui Niall, Nail Noigallach I

405-428 Ui Niall, Daithi I

428-463 Ui Niall, Loeguire II

463-483 Ui Niall, MacNath, Ailill Montl I

483-507 Ui Niall, Lugaid III

507-534 Ó'Néill, Muirchertch O'Neil

534-544 Ó'Néill, Tuathal Maelgarb MacCorpri Caerch

544-565 Ó'Néill, Diarnait O'Neil

565-566 Ó'Néill, Domnall O'Neil

565-566 Ó'Néill, Forggus MacMuirchertaig O'Neil

566-569 Ó'Néill, Ainmere MacSatai O'Neil

569-572 Ó'Néill, Baetan MacMuirchertaig O'Neil

569-572 Ó'Néill, Eochaid XV MacDomnaill O'Neil

572-581 Ó'Néill, Baetan MacNinnedo O'Neil

581-598 Ó'Néill, Áedh Slaine MacAinmerech O'Neil

598-604 Ó'Néill, Áedh Slaide MacDiarmato O'Neil

604-612 Ó'Néill, Áedh Uraidonach MacDomnail O'Neil

612-615 Ó'Néill, Máel Cobo MacAedo O'Neil

615-628 Ó'Néill, Suibne Menn MacFaichnail O'Neil

628-642 Ó'Néill, Domnall MacAedo O'neil

642-654 Ó'Néill, Conall Coel MacMaele O'Neil

642-658 Ó'Néill, Cellach MacMeale Cobo O'Neil

656-665 Ó'Néill, Dairmait MacAedo Slaine O'Neil

656-666 Ó'Néill, Blathmac MacAedo Slaine O'neil

666-671 Ó'Néill, Sechnussach MacBlaithmaic O'Neil

671-675 Ó'Néill, Cenn Faelad MacBlaithmaic O'Neil

675-695 Ó'Néill, Finsnechtae Fledach MacDunahada O'Neil

694-704 Ó'Néill, Loingsech MacOengus O'Neil

      710 - 11 Dec 722 Ó'Néill, Fergal O'Neil

722 - 724              Ó'Néill, Fogartach MacNeill O'Neil

724 - 728              Ó'Néill, Cinead MacIrgalaig

728 - 734              Ó'Néill, Flaithbbertach

734 - 743              Ó'Néill, Áedh Allen

      743 - 20 Nov 763 Ó'Néill, Domnall Midi O'Neil

797 - 819               Ó'Néill, Áedh O'Neil

819 - 833               Ó'Néill, Conachobar O'Neil

833 - 846               Ó'Néill, Naill Caille MacAedo

14 Sep 919 - 944        Ó'Néill, Donnchad Don MacFlann O'Neil

956 - 980               Ó'Néill, Domnall MacMuirchertaig

980 - 1002 Ó'Néill, Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill ...... 949-1022

(1st Time)

       1002 - 23 Apr 1014 Ó'Brien, Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig ....... 923/942-1014

23 Apr 1014 - 02 Sep 1022 Ó'Néill, Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill (2nd Time)

       1042 - 07 Feb 1072 Ó'Néill, Diamait I, King of Leinster

1102 - 19 Mar 1119 Muirchertach Ua Briain, King of Munster

       1121 - 20 May 1156 Ó'Néill, Toirdhelnach II

1156 - 1166               Ó'Néill, Muircheartagh III

       1166 - 02 Dec 1198 Ó'Néill, Ruaidhrí Ua Conchobhair .......... 1116-1198

20 Apr 1176 - 25 Apr 1185 Henry II of England

                          (Lord of Ireland)

1189 - 1200               Ó'Neill, Cathal, Lord of Ireland

                          (in dissidence)

                          (High King, in dissidence)

16 Mar 1254 - 1265 Edward "Longshanks" of England ............ 1239-1307

(Lord of Ireland)

1258 - 1260 Ó'Néill, Brian II Catha an Dúin ........... 1215-1260

(in dissidence)

01 May 1316 - 14 Oct 1318 de'Bruis, Éadbhard a Brús ................. 1275-1318

 

_________________________________________________________________________

 

Kingdom of Ireland

Lords

06 Oct 1175 - 1177 Henry II of England

1177 - 27 May 1199 John "Longshanks"

27 May 1199 - 18 Jun 1541 The Kings of England

Monarchs

18 Jun 1541 - 04 Jan 1649 The Monarchs of England (from 1603 and of Scotland)

09 Jul 1652 - 15 Sep 1653 Eóghan Ruaidh Uí Néill .................... 1590-1649

(Lord-Lieutenant for the Confederacy)

08 May 1660 - 01 May 1707 The Monarchs of England and Scotland

12 Mar 1689 - 12 Jul 1690 Stiubhart, Séumas II of England and VII of Scotland

(In rebellion)

01 May 1707 - 31 Dec 1800 The Monarchs of Great Britain

01 Jan 1801 - 06 Dec 1922 The Monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland

 

 

Justices

16 Apr 1172 - 1173 Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath ............... 1138-1186

1173 - 20 Apr 1176 Richard de Clare, Earl of Pembroke ........ 1170-1176

20 Apr - Jul 1176 Raymond FitzGerald ........................ 1133-1199

Jul 1176 - May 1177 William FitzAudeline de Burgh

May 1177 - Apr 1181 Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath (1st Time) .... s.a

Apr - Dec 1181 John de Lacy, Lord of Flamborough ......... 1150-1190

- Richard Peche, Bishop of Lichfield

Dec 1181 - 01 Sep 1184 Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath

(2nd Time, jointly with)

Dec 1181 - 01 Sep 1184 Hubert Walter, Bishop of Salisbury ........ 1160-1205

01 Sep 1184 - 25 Apr 1185 Philip de Braose of Worcester

17 Dec 1185 - 1192 John de Courcy, Lord of Ulster

1192 - 1196 Peter Pipard

1196 - Jul 1199 Sir Hamo de Valognes

Jul 1199 - Sep 1208 Sir Meiler FitzHenry

Sep - Dec 1208 Hugh de Lacy, Earl of Ulster .............. 1176-1242

Dec 1208 - 20 Jun 1210 John de Grey, Bishop of Norwich ........... 1163-1214

25 Jul 1210 - Jul 1213 John de Grey, Bishop of Norwich (2nd Time)

Jul 1213 - Sep 1215 Henry de Loundres, Archbishop of Dublin

(1st Time)

Sep 1215 - 03 Jul 1221 Sir Geoffrey de Marisco (1st Time)

03 Jul 1221 - Jul 1224 Henry de Loundres, Archbishop of Dublin

(2nd Time)

Jul 1224 - Sep 1226 William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke ........ 1190-1231

Sep 1226 - May 1228 Sir Geoffrey de Marisco (2nd Time)

May 1228 - Nov 1232 Richard de Burgh, Lord of Connaught ....... 1194-1242

16 Jun - 29 Jul 1232 Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent ............. 1175-1243

Nov 1232 - Jul 1246 Maurice FitzGerlad, Lord of Offaly ........ 1194-1246

18 Nov 1245 - Jul 1246 Geoffrey St. Leger ........................ 121.-1287

(acting for FitzGerald)

Jul 1246 - Jun 1254 Sir John FitzGeoffrey ..................... 1205-1258

Jun 1254 - Jun 1256 Richard de la Rochelle (1st Time)

Jun 1256 - Mar 1259 Alan de la Zouche, Lord Zouche ............ 1205-1270

Mar 1259 - Oct 1260 Sir Stephen de Longespee

Oct 1260 - Jul 1261 William de Dene, Lord Keir

Jan 1262 - 06 Dec 1264 Richard de la Rochelle (2nd Time)

Mar - May 1265 Fulco de Sandford, Archbishop of Dublin ... 122.-1271

May - Jul 1265 Sir Roger Waspail

(acting)

Jul 1265 - Feb 1267 Hugh de Taghmon, Bishop of Meath

Feb 1267 - Feb 1269 David de Barry, Lord Barry

Feb 1269 - Nov 1271 Robert de Ufford (1st Time)

Nov 1271 - 23 Jun 1272 James de Audley

23 Jun - Aug 1272 Sir John de Muscegros ..................... 1232-1275

(acting)

Aug 1272 - Apr 1273 Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Offaly

Sep 1273 - Jul 1276 Geoffrey de Joinville

Jul 1276 - Dec 1281 Robert de Ufford (2nd Time)

Apr 1280 - 07 Jul 1288 Stephen de Fulburn, Bishop of Waterford ... 1230-1288

07 Jul 1288 - 10 Nov 1290 John de Sandford, Archbishop of Dublin

11 Nov 1290 - 05 Mar 1294 William de Vescy .......................... 1249-1297

05 Mar - 04 Jun 1294 Sir Walter de la Haye

(acting)

04 Jun - 19 Oct 1294 William FitzRoger, Prior of Kilmainham

19 Oct - Dec 1294 Thomas FitzGerald, Lord of Desmond ........ 1261-1298

(acting, 1st Time)

Dec 1294 - 19 Apr 1295 Sir William de Oddyngeseles ............... 1234-1295

19 Apr - 02 Dec 1295 Thomas FitzGerald, Lord of Desmond

(acting, 2nd Time)

02 Dec 1295 - 30 Sep 1308 Sir John de Wogen (1st Time)

29 Sep 1299 - 13 Jan 1300 Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster .......... 1259-1326

(acting)

23 Aug 1301 - 31 Mar 1302 William de Ros, Prior of Kilmainham

(acting)

01 Apr - 29 Sep 1302 Sir Maurice de Rochford

(acting)

04 Nov 1304 - 23 May 1305 Edmund Butler ............................. 127.-1321

(acting)

01 Oct 1308 - 15 May 1309 Piers de Gaveston ......................... 1284-1312

(Kings Lieutenant)

16 May 1309 - 19 Jun 1314 Sir John de Wogan (2nd Time)

19 Jun 1314 - 27 Feb 1315 Theobald de Verdun, Lord Verdun ........... 1278-1316

28 Feb 1315 - 07 Apr 1317 Sir Edmund Butler, Earl of Carrick

07 Apr 1317 - 06 May 1318 Roger Mortimer, Baron Wigmore

(Kings Lieutenant)

06 May - 03 Nov 1318 William FitzJohn, Archbishop of Cashel

(acting)

Justices

03 Nov 1318 - 12 Jun 1319 Alexander of Bicknor, Archbishop of Dublin

12 Jun 1319 - 30 Jun 1321 Roger Mortimer, Baron Wigmore ............. s.a

01 Jul - 28 Aug 1321 Thomas FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(1st Time)

28 Aug 1321 - 01 Feb 1324 John de Bermingham, Earl of Louth ......... 1280-1329

01 Feb 1324 - 12 May 1327 John Darcy le neveu

12 May 1327 - 05 Apr 1328 Thomas FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

06 Apr 1328 - May 1329 Roger Utlagh, Prior of Kilmainham ......... 128.-1347

May 1329 - 02 Jun 1331 John Darcy le Cosyn

17 Jul 1330 - 02 Jun 1331 Roger Utlagh, Prior of Kilmainham ......... s.a

(acting)

02 Jun - Nov 1331 William de Burgh, Earl of Ulster .......... 1312-1333

"the Brown Earl of Ulster"

02 Jun 1331 - 03 Dec 1332 Anthony de Lacy

(acting)

03 Jun 1332 - 12 Feb 1333 Sir Thomas de Burgh ....................... 1302-1334

(acting)

13 Feb 1333 - 15 Oct 1337 John D'Arcy le Cosyn, Lord D'Arcy ......... 128.-1347

15 Oct 1337 - 07 Apr 1340 John de Charleton, Lord Charleton ......... 1280-1344

19 Jun 1338 - 07 Apr 1340 Thomas de Charleton, Bishop of Hereford

(acting for Charleton)

08 Apr 1340 - 14 Jul 1344 John D'Arcy le Cosyn, Lord D'Arcy

08 Apr 1340 - 05 Feb 1341 Roger Utlagh, Prior of Kilmainhan ......... s.a

(acting for D'Arcy)

22 Feb - 16 May 1341 Alexander of Bricknor, Archbishop of Dublin

(acting for D'Arcy)

16 May 1341 - 14 Jul 1344 Sir John Morice ........................... 130.-1362

(acting for D'Arcy)

14 Jul 1344 - 06 Apr 1346 Sir Ralph de Ufford ....................... 130.-1346

07 Apr - 15 May 1346 Roger D'Arcy

(acting)

15 May 1346 - 19 Dec 1349 Walter de Bermingham ...................... 1302-1350

19 Dec 1349 - 20 Mar 1355 Sir Thomas de Rokeby (1st Time) ........... 1293-1257

20 Aug 1355 - 25 Jan 1356 Maurice FitzThomas, Earl of Desmond ....... 1293-1356

26 Jan - 31 Oct 1356 Maurice FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare ....... s.a

31 Oct 1356 - 23 Apr 1357 Sir Thomas de Rokeby (2nd Time)

24 Apr - 05 Sep 1357 John de Bolton

(acting)

05 Sep 1357 - 18 Apr 1359 Almeric, Lord de St. Amand ................ 1314-1382

05 Sep - 26 Nov 1357 Maurice FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(2nd Time, acting)

18 Apr 1359 - 31 Mar 1361 James Butler, Earl of Ormonde ............. 1331-1382

09 Oct 1360 - 15 Sep 1361 Maurice FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(3rd Time, acting to 31 Mar 1361)

15 Sep 1361 - 22 Apr 1367 Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence

(Kings Lieutenant)

22 Apr 1367 - 20 Jun 1369 Gerald FitzGerald, Earl of Desmond

20 Jun 1369 - 16 Jul 1372 Sir William de Windsor .................... 1327-1385

06 Apr - 16 Jul 1372 Maurice FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(acting for Windsor)

16 Jul 1372 - 02 Dec 1373 Sir Robert de Assheton .................... 132.-1384

Oct - 15 Nov 1373 Sir Ralph Cheyen .......................... 1338-1404

(acting for Assheton)

15 Nov - 03 Dec 1373 John Keppok

(acting for Assheton)

03 Dec 1373 - 18 Apr 1374 William Tany, Prior of Kilmainham ......... 133.-1385

19 Apr 1374 - 20 Jun 1376 Sir William de Windsor .................... s.a

19 Apr 1374 - 31 Oct 1375 John Keppok ............................... s.a

(acting)

21 Jun - 21 Sep 1376 Maurice FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare ....... s.a

21 Sep 1376 - 13 Oct 1379 James Butler, Earl of Ormonde ............. s.a

13 Oct - Dec 1379 Alexander de Balscot, Bishop of Ossory .... 133.-1400

(acting)

Dec 1379 - May 1380 Sir John de Bromwych ...................... 13..-138.

May 1380 - 26 Dec 1381 Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March ............ 1351-1381

10 Jan - 03 Mar 1382 John Colton, Archbishop of Armagh ......... 133.-1404

03 Mar 1382 - Sep 1383 Roger Mortimer, Earl of March and Ulster .. 1374-1398

03 Mar 1382 - Sep 1383 Sir Thomas Mortimer ....................... 1355-1402

(acting for the Earl of March)

Sep 1383 - 02 Nov 1384 Sir Philip de Courtney (1st Time) ......... 1342-1406

02 Nov 1384 - 06 May 1385 James Butler, Earl of Ormond .............. 1362-1405

(acting)

06 May 1385 - 22 Apr 1386 Sir Philip de Courteney (2nd Time)

01 Dec 1385 - 1386 Robert de Vere, Marquess of Dublin ........ 1362-1392

(Did not take office)

22 Apr - 30 Aug 1386 Richard White, Prior of Kilmainham

30 Aug 1386 - 1387 John de Stanley (1st Time) ................ 1362-1414

1387 - 25 Oct 1389 Alexander de Balscot, Bishop of Meath

(1st Time)

25 Oct 1389 - 03 Oct 1391 John de Stanley (2nd Time)

03 Oct 1391 - 08 Oct 1392 Alexander de Balscot, Bishop of Meath

(2nd Time)

08 Oct 1392 - 02 Oct 1394 Seamus de Butler, 3rd of Earl of Ormonde .. s.a

King's Lieutenants

15 May 1395 - 20 Jul 1398 Roger Mortimer, Earl of March and Ulster .. s.a

(1st Time)

20 Jul - 07 Oct 1398 Reginald de Grey, Lord Grey de Ruthyn

(acting)

07 Oct 1398 - 29 Mar 1399 Thomas de Holand, Earl of Kent

and Duke of Surrey ....................... 1374-1399

24 Jul 1399 - 12 Mar 1400 Alexander de Basclot, Bishop of Meath ..... 13..-1400

(acting)

12 Mar 1400 - 13 Nov 1401 John de Stanley (1st Time)

13 Nov 1401 - 03 Mar 1404 Thomas Plantagenet of Lancaster ........... 1387-1421

03 Mar 1404 - 07 Sep 1405 James Butler, Earl of Ormond

(acting)

07 Sep 1405 - 25 Sep 1413 Gerald FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare ........ 1360-1432

(acting)

25 Sep 1413 - 06 Jan 1414 John de Stanley

(2nd Time)

18 Jan - Nov 1414 Thomas Cranley, Archbishop of Dublin ...... 1337-1417

(acting)

Nov 1414 - 06 Mar 1420 John Talbot, Lord Talbot (1st Time) ....... 1396-1453

06 Mar 1420 - 10 Apr 1422 James Butler, Earl of Ormond .............. 1392-1422

(1st Time)

10 Apr - 04 Oct 1422 William FitzThomas, Prior of Kilmainham ... 13..-1438

04 Oct 1422 - Jul 1423 Richard Talbot, Archbishop of Dublin

Jul 1423 - 19 Jan 1425 Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March and Ulster . 1391-1425

19 Jan - Jun 1425 John Talbot, Lord Talbot (2nd Time)

Jun 1425 - May 1427 James Butler, Earl of Ormonde (2nd Time)

May 1427 - Jul 1428 Sir John de Grey de Ruthyn ................ 1387-1439

Jul 1428 - May 1430 John Sutton, Lord Dudley

May 1430 - 12 Apr 1431 Richard Talbot, Archbishop of Dublin

(2nd Time)

12 Apr 1431 - May 1437 Thomas Stanley

Nov 1435 - 12 Feb 1438 James Butler, Earl of Ormond (3rd Time)

Mar 1438 - Mar 1442 Lionel de Welles, Lord Welles ............. 1405-1461

15 Mar 1441 - Nov 1444 James Butler, Earl of Ormonde

(4th Time, acting to 1442)

Nov 1444 - Apr 1445 Richard Talbot, Archbishop of Dublin

(4th Time)

Apr 1445 - 05 Jul 1449 Richard Nugent, Baron Devlin .............. 1382-1452

05 Jul 1449 - 25 Oct 1454 Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York ......... 1411-1460

25 Oct 1454 - Dec 1459 Thomas FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare ........ 1421-1478

(1st Time, acting)

Dec 1459 - 30 Dec 1460 Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York (2nd Time)

30 Dec 1460 - 16 May 1462 Thomas FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare ........ 1421-1478

(2nd Time)

16 May 1462 - 23 Mar 1470 George Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence ...... 1449-1478

(1st Time)

16 May 1462 - 01 Apr 1463 Sir Roland FitzEustace, Lord Portlester ... 1430-1496

(acting for the Duke of Clarence)

01 Apr 1463 - Oct 1467 Thomas FitzGerald, Earl of Desmond ........ 1426-1468

(acting for the Duke of Clarence)

Oct 1467 - Apr 1470 John Tiptoft, Earl of Worchester .......... 1427-1470

(acting for the Duke of Clarence)

Apr - Jul 1470 Sir Edmund Sutton

(acting)

Jul - 18 Oct 1470 John Tiptoft, Earl of Worchester .......... s.a

18 Oct 1470 - Apr 1471 Thomas FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(3rd Time)

Apr 1471 - 18 Feb 1478 George Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence

(2nd Time)

02 Dec 1471 - Jul 1475 Thomas FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(acting for the Duke of Clarence)

Jul 1475 - Feb 1478 William Sherwood, Bishop of Meath ......... 142.-1482

(acting for the Duke of Clarence)

13 Oct 1477 - 25 Mar 1478 Thomas FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(4th Time)

25 Mar - Jul 1478 Gerald FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(1st Time, acting)

Jul - Dec 1478 Henry Grey, Lord Grey de Codnor ........... 1435-1496

(1st Time, acting)

Dec 1478 - Mar 1479 George Plantagenet, Duke of Bedford ....... 1477-1479

(a minor, did not take office)

Dec 1478 - 07 May 1479 Henry Grey, Lord Grey de Codnor

(2nd Time, acting)

07 May - Oct 1479 Robert Preston, Baron Gormanston .......... 1435-1503

(acting)

Oct 1479 - 23 Jun 1483 Richard, Duke of York

Oct 1479 - 31 Aug 1483 Gerald FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(2nd Time)

31 Aug 1483 - 09 Apr 1484 Edward, Prince of Wales ................... 1473-1484

31 Aug 1483 - Oct 1484 Gerald FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(3rd Time, acting for Edward)

02 Oct 1484 - Mar 1486 John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln .......... 1464-1487

02 Oct 1484 - 24 Oct 1485 Gerald FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(acting for the Duke of Bedford)

Mar 1486 - 13 Oct 1494 Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford ............. 1431-1495

Mar 1486 - 20 May 1492 Gerald FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(acting for the Duke of Bedford)

20 May 1492 - 06 Sep 1493 Walter Fitzsimons, Archbishop of Dublin ... 1454-1511

(acting)

06 Sep 1493 - 13 Oct 1494 Robert Preston, Viscount Gormanston ....... 1435-1503

(acting)

13 Oct 1494 - 08 Jun 1509 Henry, Prince of Wales .................... 1491-1547

Lord-Deputies

08 Jun 1509 - 03 Sep 1513 Gearóid (Gerald) Mór FitzGerald,

8th Earl of Kildare (4th Time, acting)

04 Sep 1513 - Dec 1515 Gerald FitzGerald, 9th Earl of Kildare .... 1475-1534

(1st Time, acting from May 1515)

May 1515 - 01 Sep 1515 William Preston, Viscount Gormanston ...... 1463-1532

01 Sep 1515 - Sep 1519 Gerald FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare

(2nd time)

Sep 1519 - 23 May 1520 Maurice FitzGerald of Lackagh ............. 1460-1520

24 May 1520 - 01 Dec 1521 Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey ............. 1473-1554

(Lord Lieutenant)

01 Dec 1521 - 04 Aug 1524 Piers Butler, Earl of Ormonde ............. 1467-1539

(1st Time, acting to 26 Mar 1522)

04 Aug 1524 - 02 Dec 1526 Gerald FitzGerald, Earl of

Kildare (3rd Time)

02 Dec 1526 - 01 Sep 1527 Thomas FitzGerald of Leixlip

(1st time)(acting)

01 Sep 1527 - 15 May 1528 Richard Nugent, Baron Delvin .............. 1460-1537

(acting)

15 May - Oct 1528 Thomas FitzGerald of Leixlip

(2nd Time, acting)

Oct 1528 - 22 Jun 1530 Piers Butler, Earl of Ormonde

(2nd time)

22 Jun 1530 - 24 Oct 1534 Henry FitzRoy, Duke of Richmond ........... 1519-1536

and Somerset -Lord Lieutenant

22 Jun 1530 - 18 Aug 1532 Sir William Skeffington ................... 1468-1535

(acting for Duke of Richmond)

18 Aug 1532 - 01 Feb 1534 Gerald FitzGerald, Earl of Kildare (4th Time)

(acting for Duke of Richmond)

01 Feb - 11 Jun 1534 Thomas FitzGerald, Lord Offaly ............ 1513-1537

(acting for Duke of Richmond)

11 Jun - Aug 1534 Richard Nugent, Baron of Delvin ........... 1460-1537

(acting for Duke of Richmond)

24 Oct 1534 - 31 Dec 1535 Sir William Skeffington

01 Jan 1536 - 02 May 1540 Leonard Grey, Viscount Grey ............... 1483-1541

(acting to 23 Feb 1536)

02 May - 12 Aug 1540 William Brereton .......................... 1473-1541

12 Aug 1540 - 10 Feb 1544 Anthony St. Leger (1st Time) .............. 1496-1559

10 Feb - 11 Aug 1544 Sir William Brabazon ...................... 1500-1552

(1st Time, acting)

11 Aug 1544 - 01 Apr 1546 Sir Anthony St. Leger (2nd Time)

01 Apr - 01 Dec 1546 Sir William Brabazon (2nd Time)

(acting)

01 Dec 1546 - 21 May 1548 Sir Anthony St. Leger (3rd Time)

21 May 1548 - 29 Dec 1549 Sir Edward Bellingham ..................... 1506-1550

29 Dec 1549 - 02 Feb 1550 Sir Francis Bryan ......................... 1490-1550

(acting)

02 Feb - 10 Sep 1550 Sir William Brabazon (3rd Time)

(1st Time, acting)

10 Sep 1550 - 23 May 1551 Sir Anthony St. Leger (4th Time)

23 May 1551 - 09 Dec 1552 James Croft "the Elder" ................... 1518-1590

09 Dec 1552 - 19 Nov 1553 Lord Justices (acting)

- Sir Thomas Cusack ......................... 1490-1571

- Sir Gerald Aylmer ......................... 1500-1560

19 Nov 1553 - 26 May 1556 Sir Anthony St. Leger

(5th Time)

26 May 1556 - 13 Dec 1558 Thomas Radcliffe, Earl of Sussex .......... 1526-1583

(1st Time)

05 Dec 1557 - 21 May 1558 Lord Justices (acting)

- Hugh Curwen, Archbishop of Dublin ......... 149.-1568

- Sir Henry Sidney

05 Dec 1557 - 30 Aug 1559 Sir Henry Sidney .......................... 1529-1586

(1st time, Lord-Justice to 21 May 1558)

30 Aug 1559 - 25 May 1564 Thomas Radcliffe, Earl of Sussex

(from 25 Jun 1560, Lord Lieutenant)

(2nd time)

25 May 1564 - 20 Jan 1566 Sir Nicholas Arnold ....................... 1507-1588

(acting)

20 Jan 1566 - 14 Oct 1567 Sir Henry Sidney (2nd Time)

14 Oct 1567 - 28 Oct 1568 Lord Justices (acting)

- Robert Weston ............................. 1515-1573

- Sir William FitzWilliam ................... 1526-1599)

28 Oct 1568 - 01 Apr 1571 Sir Henry Sidney (3rd Time)

01 Apr 1571 - 18 Sep 1575 William FitzWilliam (1st Time)

18 Sep 1575 - 14 Sep 1578 Sir Henry Sidney (3rd Time)

14 Sep 1578 - 11 Oct 1579 Sir William Drury ......................... 1527-1579

(acting)

11 Oct 1579 - 07 Sep 1580 Sir William Pelham ........................ 1530-1587

(acting)

07 Sep 1580 - 31 Aug 1582 Arthur Grey, Baron Grey de Wilton ......... 1536-1593

31 Aug 1582 - 21 Jun 1584 Lord Justices (acting)

- Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin . ....... 1533-1606

(1st Time)

- Sir Henry Wallop .......................... 1538-1599

21 Jun 1584 - 30 Jun 1588 Sir John Perrott .......................... 1528-1592

30 Jun 1588 - 11 Aug 1594 William FitzWilliam (2nd time) (s.a.)

11 Aug 1594 - 22 May 1597 Sir William Russell ....................... 1558-1613

22 May 1597 - 14 Oct 1597 Thomas Burgh, Baron de Burgh .............. 1558-1597

14 Oct 1597 - 27 Nov 1597 Sir Thomas Norreys ........................ 1556-1599

(acting)

27 Nov 1597 - 15 Apr 1599 Lord Justices (acting)

- Adam Loftus, Archbishop

of Dublin (2nd Time)

- Richard Gardiner .......................... 1563-1615

15 Apr 1599 - 25 Sep 1599 Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex ............ 1566-1601

(Lord Lieutenant)

25 Sep 1599 - 27 Feb 1600 Lord Justices (acting)

- Adam Loftus, Archbishop

of Dublin (3rd Time)

- Sir George Cary

Lord-Lieutenants

25 Jul 1633 - 30 Dec 1640 Thomas Wentworth, Viscount Wentworth ...... 1593-1641

14 Jun 1641 - 12 May 1643 John Sidney, Earl of Leicester ............ 1595-1677

(did not take office)

13 Nov 1643 - 21 Jan 1644 Sir Henry Tichborne ....................... 1581-1667

21 Jan 1644 - 28 Jul 1647 James FitzThomas Butler, Duke of Ormond

(1st Time)

09 Apr 1646 - 15 Apr 1647 Philip Sidney of de L'Isle ................ 1619-1698

(appointed by Parliament)

03 Oct 1648 - 11 Dec 1650 James FitzThomas Butler, Duke of Ormond

(2nd Time)

11 Dec 1650 - Aug 1652 Ulick de Burgh, Marquess of Clanricarde ... 1604-1657

(Lord Deputy [Royalist])

Governor-General

15 Aug 1649 - 22 Jun 1652 Oliver Cromwell ........................... 1599-1658

27 May 1650 - 20 Nov 1651 Henry Ireton .............................. 1611-1651

(Lord Deputy)

20 Nov 1651 - Oct 1652 Edmund Ludlow (1st Time) .................. 1617-1692

(English Commander-in-chief)

Oct 1652 - Nov 1657 Charles Fleetwood (1st Time) .............. 1607-1692

(English Commander-in-chief)

Nov 1657 - Jul 1659 Henry Cromwell ............................ 1628-1674

(Lord-Lieutenant, acting from 06 Sep 1655)

Jul - Oct 1659 Edmund Ludlow (2nd Time)

(English Commander-in-chief)

Oct - 13 Dec 1659 John Jones ................................ 1597-1660

(English Commander-in-chief)

Commissioners for Parliament

13 Dec 1659 - 18 Feb 1660 Sir Hardress Waller ....................... 1604-1666

18 Feb - Jul 1660 Sir Charles Coote ......................... 1610-1661

Lord-Lieutenants

Jul 1660 - 27 Jul 1662 George Monck, Duke of Albemarle ........... 1608-1670

27 Jul 1662 - 18 Sep 1669 James FitzThomas Butler, Duke of Ormond

(3rd Time)

18 Sep 1669 - 21 Apr 1670 John Roberts, Baron Roberts ............... 1606-1685

21 Apr 1670 - 12 Jun 1671 John Berkeley,

Baron Berkeley of Stratton ............... 1602-1678

05 Aug 1672 - 24 Aug 1677 Arthur Capell, Earl of Essex .............. 1632-1683

24 Aug 1677 - 20 Mar 1685 James FitzThomas Butler, Duke of Ormond

(4th Time)

02 May 1682 - 1684 Richard Butler, Earl of Arran ............. 1639-1686

(acting for the Duke of Ormond)

09 Jan 1686 - 12 Mar 1689 Henry Hyde, Earl of Clarendon ............. 1638-1709

12 Mar 1689 - 03 Oct 1691 Stuart, James II .......................... 1633-1701

(King in distance during the Jacobite rebellion)

04 Sep 1692 - 03 Jul 1693 Henry Sidney, Viscount Sidney ............. 1641-1704

03 Jul 1693 - 18 May 1696 Henry Capell,

Baron Capell of Tewkesbury ............... 1637-1696

18 Sep 1701 - 04 Jun 1703 Laurence Hyde, Earl of Rochester

04 Jun 1703 - 24 Jun 1707 James Butler, Duke of Ormonde ............. 1665-1745

(1st Time)

24 Jun 1707 - 21 Apr 1709 Thomas Herbert Dery,

Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery .......... 1656-1733

21 Apr 1709 - 03 Jul 1711 Thomas Wharton, Baron Wharton ............. 1648-1715

03 Jul 1711 - 27 Oct 1713 James Butler, Duke of Ormonde

(2nd Time)

27 Oct 1713 - 21 Sep 1714 Charles Talbot, Duke of Shrewsbury ........ 1660-1718

04 Oct 1714 - 13 Feb 1717 Charles Spencer, Earl of Sunderland ....... 1675-1722

(remained in England)

01 Nov 1715 - 20 Mar 1717 Charles Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton .......... 1683-1757

(Lord Justice, acting for Spencer)

01 Nov 1715 - 20 Mar 1717 Henri de Massue, Earl of Galway ........... 1648-1720

(Lord Justice, acting for Spencer)

13 Feb - 07 Aug 1717 Charles Townshend,

Viscount Townshend ....................... 1674-1738

07 Aug 1717 - 28 Aug 1721 Charles Paulet, Duke of Bolton

28 Aug 1721 - 22 Oct 1724 Charles Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton .......... s.a

22 Oct 1724 - 22 Apr 1730 John Carteret, Baron Carteret ............. 1690-1763

22 Apr 1730 - 11 Sep 1731 Hugh Boulter, Archbishop of Armagh ........ 1672-1742

(Lord Justice, acting)

22 Apr 1730 - 11 Sep 1731 Thomas Wyndham ............................ 1681-1745

(Lord Justice, acting)

22 Apr 1730 - 11 Sep 1731 Sir Ralph Gore ............................ 1675-1733

(Lord Justice, acting)

11 Sep 1731 - 07 Sep 1737 Lionel Cranfield Sackville,

Duke of Dorset (1st Time)................ 1688-1765

07 Sep 1737 - 31 Aug 1745 William Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire ..... 1698-1755

31 Aug 1745 - 13 Sep 1747 Philip Dormer Stanhope,

Earl of Harrington ....................... 1694-1773

13 Sep 1747 - 19 Sep 1751 William Stanhope, Earl of Harrington ...... 1690-1756

19 Sep 1751 - 05 May 1755 Lionel Cranfield Sackville,

Duke of Dorset (2nd Time)

05 May 1755 - 25 Sep 1757 William Cavendish,

Duke of Devonshire ....................... 1720-1764

25 Sep 1757 - 06 Oct 1761 John Russell, Duke of Bedford ............. 1710-1771

06 Oct 1761 - 22 Sep 1763 George Montagu-Dunk,

Earl of Halifax .......................... 1716-1771

22 Sep 1763 - 05 Jun 1765 Hugh Smithson Percy,

Earl of Northumberland ................... 1715-1786

05 Jun - 18 Oct 1765 Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth

(did not take office)

18 Oct 1765 - 11 Jun 1766 Francis Seymour Conway,

Earl of Hertford ......................... 1718-1794

06 Oct 1766 - 14 Oct 1767 George William Hervey,

Earl of Bristol .......................... 1721-1775

14 Oct 1767 - 30 Nov 1772 George Townshend,

Viscount Townshend ....................... 1724-1807

30 Nov 1772 - 25 Jan 1777 Simon Harcourt, Earl Harcourt ............. 1714-1777

25 Jan 1777 - 23 Dec 1780 John Hobert,

Earl of Buckinghamshire .................. 1723-1793

23 Dec 1780 - 14 Apr 1782 Frederick Howard, Earl of Carlisle ........ 1748-1825

14 Apr - 15 Sep 1782 William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck,

Duke of Portland ......................... 1738-1809

15 Sep 1782 - 03 Jun 1783 George Nugent-Temple-Grenville,

Marquess of Buckingham (1st Time) ........ 1753-1813

03 Jun 1783 - 24 Feb 1784 Robert Henley,

Earl of Northington ...................... 1747-1786

24 Feb 1784 - 24 Oct 1787 Charles Manners, Duke of Rutland .......... 1754-1787

16 Dec 1787 - 05 Jan 1790 George Nugent-Temple-Grenville,

Marquess of Buckingham (2nd Time)

05 Jan 1790 - 04 Jan 1795 John Fane, Earl of Westmorland ............ 1759-1841

04 Jan - 31 Mar 1795 William Wentworth Fitzwilliam,

Earl Fitzwilliam ......................... 1748-1833

31 Mar 1795 - 20 Jun 1798 John Jeffreys Pratt, Earl Camden .......... 1759-1840

20 Jun 1798 - 25 May 1801 Charles Cornwallis,

Marquess Cornwallis ...................... 1738-1805

25 Mar 1801 - 28 Mar 1806 Philip Yorke, Earl of Hardwicke ........... 1757-1834

28 Mar 1806 - 19 Apr 1807 John Russell, Duke of Bedford ............. 1766-1839

19 Apr 1807 - 26 Aug 1813 Charles Lennox, Duke of Richmond .......... 1764-1819

26 Aug 1813 - 09 Oct 1817 Charles Whitworth, Earl of Whitworth ...... 1752-1825

09 Oct 1817 - 29 Dec 1821 Charles Chetwynd-Talbot,

Earl Talbot .............................. 1777-1849

29 Dec 1821 - 01 Mar 1828 Richard Colley Wellesley,

Marquess Wellesley ....................... 1760-1842

01 Mar 1828 - 06 Mar 1829 Henry William Paget,

Marquess of Anglesey (1st Time) .......... 1768-1854

06 Mar 1829 - 23 Dec 1830 Hugh Percy, Duke of Northumberland ........ 1785-1847

23 Dec 1830 - 26 Sep 1833 Henry William Paget,

Marquess of Anglesey (2nd Time)

26 Sep 1833 - 06 Jan 1835 Richard Colley Wellesley,

Marquess Wellesley (2nd Time)

06 Jan - 11 May 1835 Thomas Hamilton, Earl of Haddington ....... 1780-1858

11 May 1835 - 03 Apr 1839 Constantine Henry Phipps,

Earl of Mulgrave ......................... 1797-1863

03 Apr 1839 - 15 Sep 1841 Hugh Fortescue, Earl Fortescue ............ 1783-1861

15 Sep 1841 - 26 Jul 1844 Thomas Philip Robinson de Grey,

Earl de Gray ............................. 1781-1859

26 Jul 1844 - 11 Jul 1846 William a Court, Baron Heytesbury ......... 1779-1860

11 Jul 1846 - 16 May 1847 John William Ponsonby,

Earl of Bessborough ...................... 1781-1847

26 May 1847 - 10 Mar 1852 George William Frederick Villiers,

Earl of Clarendon ........................ 1800-1883

10 Mar 1852 - 06 Jan 1853 Archibald William Montgomerie,

Earl of Eglinton (1st Time) .............. 1812-1866

06 Jan 1853 - 13 Mar 1855 Edward Granville Eliot,

Earl of St.Germans ....................... 1798-1877

13 Mar 1855 - 12 Mar 1858 George William Frederick Howard,

Earl of Carlisle ......................... 1802-1864

12 Mar 1858 - 13 Jul 1859 Archibald William Montgomerie,

Earl of Eglinton (2nd Time)

13 Jul 1859 - 08 Nov 1864 George Howard, Earl of Carlisle (2nd Time)

08 Nov 1864 - 20 Jun 1866 John Wodehouse, Baron Wodehouse ........... 1826-1902

20 Jun 1866 - 23 Dec 1868 James Hamilton Marquess of Abercorn ....... 1811-1885

(1st Time)

23 Dec 1868 - 18 Apr 1874 John Poyntz Spencer, Earl Spencer ......... 1835-1910

(1st Time)

18 Apr 1874 - 11 Dec 1876 James Hamilton Marquess of Abercorn

(2nd Time)

11 Dec 1876 - 05 May 1880 John Winston Spencer Churchill,

Duke of Marlborough ...................... 1822-1983

05 May 1880 - 06 May 1882 Francis Thomas de Grey,

Earl Cowper .............................. 1834-1905

06 May 1882 - 30 Jun 1885 John Poyntz Spencer, Earl Spencer

(2nd Time)

01 Jul 1885 - 20 Feb 1886 Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert,

Earl of Carnarvon ........................ 1831-1890

20 Feb - 05 Aug 1886 John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon,

Earl of Aberdeen (1st Time) .............. 1847-1934

05 Aug 1886 - 05 Oct 1889 Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart,

Marquess of Londonderry .................. 1852-1915

05 Oct 1889 - 18 Aug 1892 Lawrence Dundas, Earl of Zetland .......... 1844-1929

18 Aug 1889 - 08 Jul 1895 Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes,

Baron Houghton ........................... 1858-1945

08 Jul 1895 - 16 Aug 1902 George Henry Cadogan, Earl Cadogan ........ 1840-1915

16 Aug 1902 - 14 Dec 1905 William Humble Ward, Earl of Dudley ....... 1867-1932

14 Dec 1905 - 19 Dec 1915 John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon,

Earl of Aberdeen (2nd Time)

19 Dec 1915 - 11 Jul 1916 Ivor Churchill Guest,

Viscount Wombourne (1st Time) ............ 1873-1939

Apr 1916 Prince Joachim of Prussia ................. 1890-1920

(proposed King designate)

11 Jul - 11 Aug 1916 Lord Justices

- Bernard Edward Barnaby Fitzpatrick,

Baron Castletown ......................... 1849-1837

- Sir David Harrel .......................... 1841-1939

- Richard Robert Cherry ..................... 1859-1923

- James Owen Wylie .......................... 1845-1935

- Jonathan Ernest Pim ....................... 1858-1949

11 Aug 1916 - 02 May 1918 Ivor Churchill Guest,

Viscount Wombourne (2nd Time)

02 May 1918 - 02 May 1921 John Denton Pinkstone French

Viscount French .......................... 1852-1925

02 May 1921 - 06 Dec 1922 Edmund Bernard Fitzalan-Howard,

Viscount Fitzalan of Derwent ............. 1855-1947

 

 

Chief Secretaries for Ireland (part of the British Government)

1560 - 1566 John Challoner ............................ 1526-1581

20 Jan 1566 - 09 Oct 1567 Edward Waterhouse (1st Time) .............. 1535-1591

28 Oct 1568 - 31 Mar 1571 Edward Waterhouse (2nd Time)

15 Jul 1569 - 31 Mar 1571 Edmund Tremayne ........................... 1525-1582

13 Jan 1572 - 18 Sep 1575 Philip Williams

18 Sep 1575 - 13 Sep 1578 Edward Waterhouse (3rd Time)

18 Sep 1575 - 1580 Edmund Molyneux

07 Sep 1580 - 30 Aug 1582 Edmund Spencer ............................ 1552-1599

21 Jun 1584 - 21 Jun 1594 Sir Philip Williams (1st Time)

11 Aug 1594 - 21 May 1597 Sir Richard Cooke ......................... 1561-1616

22 May - 13 Oct 1597 Sir Philip Williams (2nd Time)

15 Apr - 04 Sep 1599 Sir Henry Wotton .......................... 1568-1639

04 Sep 1599 - 27 Feb 1600 ....

27 Feb - Mar 1600 Sir Francis Mitchell

Mar - 13 Nov 1600 George Cranmer ............................ 1563-1600

14 Nov 1600 - 31 May 1603 Fynes Moryson ............................. 1566-1630

01 Jun 1603 - 03 Feb 1605 Sir John Bingley .......................... 1570-1639

03 Feb 1605 - 10 Feb 1616 Sir Henry Piers

30 Aug 1616 - 03 May 1622 Sir Henry Holcroft ........................ 1580-1650

08 Sep 1622 - 25 Oct 1629 Sir John Veele

25 Oct 1629 - 25 Jul 1633 ....

25 Jul 1633 - 11 Sep 1639 Sir George Radcliffe

11 Sep 1639 - 21 Jan 1644 ....

14 Nov 1642 - 17 Jan 1649 Richard Butler, Viscount Mountgarret ...... 1578-1651

(President of Supreme Council of the Catholic

Confederation)

21 Jan 1644 - 1646 Sir George Lane

1646 - 1651 ....

Jan 1651 - 22 Aug 1654 Commissioners for Civil Affairs of Parliament

- Edmund Ludlow

- John Jones

- Miles Corbet

- John Weaver

22 Aug 1654 - Jun 1660

Jun - Dec 1660 Matthew Lock

Dec 1660 - 27 Jul 1662 ....

27 Jul 1662 - 18 Sep 1669 Sir Thomas Page

18 Sep 1669 - 21 May 1670 Sir Henry Ford (1st Time) ................. 1619-1684

21 May 1670 - 04 Aug 1672 Sir Ellis Leighton ........................ 1615-1684

05 Aug 1672 - 10 Dec 1673 Sir Henry Ford (2nd Time)

11 Dec 1673 - 23 Aug 1676 Sir William Harbord ....................... 1635-1692

24 Aug 1676 - 01 May 1682 Sir Cyril Wyche (1st Time)

02 May 1682 - 19 Mar 1685 William Ellis ............................. 1647-1732

09 Jan 1686 - 12 Feb 1687 Sir Paul Rycault .......................... 1628-1700

12 Feb 1687 - 20 Jan 1688 Sir Thomas Sheridan ....................... 1646-1712

02 Feb 1688 - 24 Jan 1689 Sir Patrick Tyrrell, Bishop of Clogher

Sep 1690 - Mar 1692 Sir John Davis

04 Sep 1692 - 02 Jul 1693 Sir Cyril Wyche (2nd Time)

02 Jul 1693 - 27 May 1695 ....

27 May 1695 - 16 May 1696 Sir Richard Aldworth

30 Jul 1696 - May 1697 Sir William Palmer

13 Jun 1697 - 24 Nov 1699 Sir Matthew Prior ......................... 1664-1721

26 Nov 1699 - 22 Apr 1701 Sir Humphrey May

28 Dec 1701 - 18 Feb 1703 Sir Francis Gwyn .......................... 1648-1734

19 Feb 1703 - 30 Apr 1707 Sir Edward Southwell (1st Time) ........... 1671-1730

01 May 1707 - 04 Dec 1708 Sir George Dodington ...................... 1662-1720

04 Dec 1708 - 26 Oct 1710 Sir Joseph Addison ........................ 1672-1719

26 Oct 1710 - 22 Sep 1713 Sir Edward Southwell (2nd Time)

22 Sep 1713 - 04 Oct 1714 Sir John Stanley .......................... 1663-1744

Sep 1715 - 27 Apr 1717 Martin Bladen ............................. 1680-1746

- Charles Delafaye .......................... 1677-1742

27 Apr 1717 - 08 Apr 1720 Edward Webster

08 Apr 1720 - Aug 1721 Horatio Walpole ........................... 1678-1757

Aug 1721 - 06 May 1724 Edward Hopkins ............................ 1674-1736

06 May 1724 - 22 Jun 1730 Thomas Clutterbuck ........................ 1697-1742

23 Jun 1730 - 09 Apr 1737 Walter Cary ............................... 1685-1757

09 Apr 1737 - 11 May 1739 Sir Edward Walpole ........................ 1706-1784

12 May - 13 Oct 1739 Thomas Townshend .......................... 1701-1780

14 Oct 1739 - 07 Jun 1741 Henry Bilson Legge

08 Jun 1741 - 08 Jan 1745 William Ponsonby, Viscount Duncannon ...... 1704-1793

08 Jan 1745 - 22 Jun 1746 Richard Liddell ........................... 1694-1746

05 Jul - 14 Nov 1746 Sewallis Shirley .......................... 1709-1765

15 Nov 1746 - 15 Nov 1750 Edward Weston ............................. 1703-1770

15 Dec 1750 - 01 Apr 1755 Lord George Sackville ..................... 1716-1785

02 Apr 1755 - 03 Jan 1757 Henry Seymour Conway ...................... 1721-1795

03 Jan 1757 - 03 Apr 1761 Richard Rigby ............................. 1722-1788

03 Apr 1761 - 03 Jun 1764 William Gerard Hamilton ................... 1729-1796

03 Jun 1764 - 05 Jun 1765 Charles Moore, Earl of Drogheda

05 Jun - 07 Aug 1765 Sir Charles Bunbury ....................... 1740-1821

07 Aug 1765 - 06 Oct 1766 Francis Seymour Conway, Earl of Hertford .. 1718-1764

06 Oct 1766 - 06 Jul 1767 Augustus John Hervey ...................... 1724-1779

09 Jun 1767 - 31 Dec 1768 Lord Frederick Campbell ................... 1729-1816

01 Jan 1716 - 29 Nov 1772 Sir George Macartney ...................... 1737-1806

30 Nov 1772 - 06 Dec 1776 Sir John de Blaquiere

13 Dec 1776 - 28 Nov 1780 Sir Richard Heron, Earl of Buckingham ..... 1726-1805

29 Nov 1780 - 07 Apr 1782 Williams Eden ............................. 1744-1804

08 Apr - 14 Aug 1782 Richard Fitzpatrick ....................... 1747-1813

15 Aug 1782 - 02 May 1783 William Wyndham Grenville ................. 1759-1834

27 Aug 1783 - 12 Feb 1784 Thomas Pelham (1st Time) .................. 1756-1834

12 Feb 1784 - 24 Oct 1787 Thomas Orde ............................... 1740-1897

07 Nov 1787 - 05 Apr 1789 Alleyne FitzHerbert ....................... 1753-1839

06 Apr 1789 - 16 Dec 1793 Robert Hobart ............................. 1760-1816

16 Dec 1793 - 12 Dec 1794 Sylvester Douglas ......................... 1743-1823

13 Dec 1794 - 12 Mar 1795 Georg Damer, Viscount Milton .............. 1746-1808

13 Mar 1795 - 02 Nov 1798 Thomas Pelham (2nd Time)

03 Nov 1798 - 26 Apr 1801 Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh ...... 1769-1822

03 Nov 1798 - 26 Apr 1801 Robert Stewart,

Viscount Castlereagh ..................... 1769-1822

26 Apr - 25 May 1801 John Fitzgibbon, Viscount Fitzgibbon ...... 1749-1802

(acting)

25 May 1801 - 13 Feb 1802 Charles Abbot, Lord Colchester ............ 1757-1829

13 Feb 1802 - 06 Feb 1804 William Wickham ........................... 1761-1840

06 Feb 1804 - 23 Mar 1805 Sir Evan Nepean,

1st Baronet of Bothenhampton ............. 1757-1822

23 Mar - 21 Sep 1805 Sir Nicholas Vansittart ................... 1766-1851

21 Sep 1805 - 28 Mar 1806 Charles Long .............................. 1760-1838

28 Mar 1806 - 19 Apr 1807 William Elliot ............................ 1766-1818

19 Apr 1807 - 13 Apr 1809 Sir Arthur Wellesley ...................... 1769-1852

13 Apr - 18 Oct 1809 Robert Saunders-Dundas .................... 1771-1851

18 Oct 1809 - 04 Aug 1812 William Wellesley-Pole .................... 1763-1845

04 Aug 1812 - 04 Aug 1818 Sir Robert Peel ........................... 1788-1850

04 Aug 1818 - 29 Dec 1821 Charles Grant ............................. 1778-1866

29 Dec 1821 - 29 Apr 1827 Henry Goulbourn ........................... 1784-1856

29 Apr 1827 - 21 Jun 1828 William Lamb, Viscount Melbourne .......... 1779-1858

21 Jun 1828 - 17 Jul 1830 Francis Egerton Leveson-Gower,

Earl Gower ............................... 1785-1856

17 Jul - 29 Nov 1830 Sir Henry Hardinge (1st Time) ............. 1799-1833

29 Nov 1830 - 29 Mar 1833 Edward George Geoffrey Smith,

Stanley, Earl Stanley .................... 1786-1869

29 Mar - 17 Nov 1833 Sir John Cam Hobhouse ..................... 1786-1869

17 Nov 1833 - 16 Dec 1834 Edward John Littleton, Baron Hatherton .... 1791-1863

16 Dec 1834 - 29 Apr 1835 Sir Henry Hardinge (2nd Time)

29 Apr 1835 - 06 Sep 1841 George William Freceick Howard,

Viscount Morpeth ......................... 1802-1864

06 Sep 1841 - 01 Feb 1845 Edward Granville Eliot,

Earl of St. Germans ...................... 1798-1877

01 Feb 1845 - 14 Feb 1846 Sir Thomas Francis Freemantle,

Baron Cottosloe .......................... 1798-1890

14 Feb 1846 - 22 Jul 1847 Henry Labouchere ..........................

22 Jul 1847 - 01 Mar 1852 Sir William Meredyth Sommerville .......... 1802-1873

01 Mar 1852 - 06 Jan 1853 Richard Southwell Bourke,

Earl Naas (1st Time) ..................... 1822-1872

06 Jan 1853 - 01 Mar 1855 Sir John Young ............................ 1807-1876

01 Mar 1855 - 27 May 1857 Edward Horsman ............................ 1807-1876

27 May 1857 - 04 Mar 1858 Henry Arthur Herbert ...................... 1815-1866

04 Mar 1858 - 24 Jun 1859 Richard Southwell Bourke,

Earl Naas (2nd Time)

24 Jun 1859 - 29 Jul 1861 Edward Cardwell ........................... 1813-1866

29 Jul 1861 - 07 Dec 1865 Chichester Samuel Parkinson-Fortescue ..... 1823-1898

(1st Time)

07 Dec 1865 - 26 Jun 1866 Sir Robert Peel, 3rd Baronet of Clanfield . 1822-1895

06 Jul 1866 - 29 Sep 1868 James Wilson-Patten ....................... 1807-1888

29 Sep 1868 - 12 Jan 1871 Chichester Samuel Parkinson-Fortescue

(2nd Time)

12 Jan 1871 - 27 Feb 1874 Spencer Compton Cavendish

Marquis of Hartington .................... 1833-1908

27 Feb 1874 - 15 Feb 1878 Sir Michael Edward Hicks-Beach

15 Feb 1878 - 30 Apr 1880 James Lowther ............................. 1840-1904

01 May 1880 - 06 May 1882 William Edward Forster .................... 1818-1886

06 May - 09 May 1882 Frederick Charles Cabendish,

Earl Cavendish ........................... 1836-1882

09 May 1882 - 23 Oct 1884 Sir George Otto Trevelyan ................. 1838-1928

23 Oct 1884 - 25 Jun 1885 Henry Campbell-Bannerman .................. 1836-1908

25 Jun 1885 - 23 Jan 1886 Sir William Hart Dyke ..................... 1837-1931

23 Jan - 06 Feb 1886 William Henry Smith ....................... 1825-1891

06 Feb - 05 Aug 1886 John Morley (1st Time) .................... 1838-1922

05 Aug 1886 - 07 May 1887 Sir Michael Hicks-Beach ................... 1837-1916

07 Mar 1887 - 09 Nov 1891 Sir Arthur James Balfour .................. 1848-1930

09 Nov 1891 - 22 Aug 1892 William Henry Smith ....................... 1840-1917

22 Aug 1892 - 04 Jul 1895 John Morley (2nd Time)

04 Jul 1895 - 07 Nov 1900 Gerald William Balfour .................... 1853-1945

07 Nov 1900 - 12 Mar 1905 George Wyndham ............................ 1863-1913

12 Mar - 10 Dec 1905 Walter Hume Long .......................... 1854-1924

10 Dec 1905 - 23 Jan 1907 James Bryce ............................... 1838-1922

23 Jan 1907 - 31 Jul 1916 Augustine Birrell ......................... 1850-1933

01 Aug 1916 - 05 May 1918 Henry Edward Duke ......................... 1855-1949

05 May 1918 - 10 Jan 1919 Edward Shortt ............................. 1862-1932

10 Jan 1919 - 02 Apr 1920 James Ian McPherson ....................... 1880-1937

02 Apr 1920 - 19 Oct 1922 Sir James Hamar Greenwood ................. 1870-1948

_______________________________________________________________________________

Irish Republic

24 Apr - 29 Apr 1916 Easter Rebellion

24 Apr 1916 - 11 Jul 1921 Anglo-Irish war

21 Jan 1919 Independence of the Irish Republic

(not recognised by Great Britain)

03 May 1921 - 06 Dec 1922 Southern Ireland (autonomous)

06 Dec 1922 Irish Free State (British Dominion)

 

President of the Provisional Government of the Irish Republic

24 Apr - 29 Apr 1916 Pádraig Anraí Mac Piarais ................. 1879-1916

(Patrick Henry Pearse)

Presidents of the Dáil Éireann (Irish Parliament)

21 Jan 1919 Cathal Liam Seán Brugha ................... 1874-1922 SF

(Charles William St. Burgess)

22 Jan 1919 George Noble, Count Pluincéad ............. 1851-1948

22 Jan - 01 Apr 1919 Cathal Liam Seán Brugha (2nd Time)

01 Apr 1919 - 09 Jan 1922 Éamon George de Valera .................... 1882-1975 SF

09 Jan - 12 Aug 1922 Art O Gríobhtha ........................... 1872-1922 SF

(Arthur Griffith)

12 Aug - 06 Dec 1922 Liam Tomás Mac Cosgair .................... 1880-1965

(William Thomas Cosgrave)

17 Oct 1922 - 24 May 1923 Éamon George de Valera .................... s.a FF

(in opposition)

 

Chairman of the Provisional Government

21 Jan 1919 - 22 Aug 1922 Mícheál Seán Ó Coileáin ................... 1890-1922 SF

(Michael Collins)

_______________________________________________________________________________

Irish Free State

Governors-General (Representing the British Monarch)

06 Dec 1922 - 31 Jan 1928 Tadhg Ó hEaluite .......................... 1855-1931

(Timothy Michael Healy)

01 Feb 1928 - 01 Nov 1932 Séumas Mac Néil ........................... 1869-1938

(James McNeill)

27 Nov 1932 - 11 Dec 1936 Domhnall Ua Buachalla ..................... 1865-1963

(Donal Buckley)

12 Dec 1936 - 29 Dec 1937 Proinsias Pádraig Ó Fathaigh .............. 1880-1953 FF

(Francis Padrick Fahy)

 

 

Presidents of the Executive Council

12 Jul 1922 - 09 Mar 1932 Liam Tomás Mac Cosgair .................... s.a

(William Thomas Cosgrave,

acting for Ó Coileáin to 22 Aug 1922)

09 Mar 1932 - 29 Dec 1937 Éamon George de Valera .................... 1892-1975

_______________________________________________________________________________

Republic of Ireland

29 Dec 1937 Éire (Ireland)

18 Apr 1949 - Poblacht na hÉireann (Republic of Ireland)

01 Jan 1973 Accession to the EEC

 

Government: Republic.

Capital: Dublin.

Language: Irish, English.

Religion: Roman Cathlic.

Nathional Anthem: "Amhrán na bhFiann" (The Soldiers Song).

Nathional Emblem: Irish Harp, Shamrock.

National Day: Independence day: 6th December (1922). 17th March: St Patricks day (461).

National Motto: Fé Mhóid Bheith Saor (Sworn to be free).

EU Accession: 1st January 1973.

Currency: Euro, (Irish Pound 1938-2001).

 

 

Uachtarán na hÉireann (Presidents)

29 Dec 1937 - 25 Jun 1938 Presidential Commission

- Tadhg Sullivan ............................ 1874-1949

- Proinsias Pádraig Ó Fathaigh

- Conor Alexander Maguire ................... 1889-1971

25 Jun 1938 - 24 Jun 1945 Dubhghlas de Híde ......................... 1860-1949 FF

(Douglas Hyde)

25 Jun 1945 - 24 Jun 1959 Seán Tomás Ceallaigh ...................... 1882-1966 FF

(John Thomas O'Kelly)

25 Jun 1959 - 24 Jun 1973 Éamon George de Valera

(2nd Time)

25 Jun 1973 - 17 Nov 1974 Erskine Hamilton Childers ................. 1905-1974 FF

17 Nov - 19 Dec 1974 Presidential Commission

19 Dec 1974 - 22 Oct 1976 Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh ....................... 1911-1978 FF

22 Oct - 02 Dec 1976 Presidential Commission

03 Dec 1976 - 02 Dec 1990 Pádraig Seán Ó hlrighle ................... 1923-2008 FF

(Patrick John Hillery)

03 Dec 1990 - 12 Sep 1997 Máire Terese Mhic Róibín .................. 1944- LP

(Mary Theresa Robinson)

12 Sep - 10 Nov 1997 Presidential Commission

11 Nov 1997 - 11 Nov 2011 Máire Pádraigín Mhic Ghiolla Iosa ......... 1951- FF

(Mary Patricia McAleese

11 Nov 2011 - Mícheál Daniel Ó hUiginn .................. 1941- LP

(Michael Daniel Higgins)

 

An Taoiseach (Prime Ministers)

29 Dec 1937 - 18 Feb 1948 Éamon George de Valera (1st Time) ......... s.a FF

18 Jun 1948 - 13 Jun 1951 Seán Aloysius Mac Coisdealbha (1st Time) .. 1891-1976 FG

(John Aloysius Costello)

13 Jun 1951 - 02 Jun 1954 Éamon George de Valera (2rd Time)

02 Jun 1954 - 20 Mar 1957 Seán Aloysius Mac Coisdealbha (2nd Time)

20 Mar 1957 - 23 Jun 1958 Éamon George de Valera (3rd Time)

23 Jun 1959 - 10 Nov 1966 Seán Proinsias Lemass ..................... 1899-1971 FF

10 Nov 1966 - 14 Mar 1973 Seán Maire Ó Loinsigh (1st Time) .......... 1917-1999 FF

(Jack Lynch)

14 Mar 1973 - 05 Jul 1977 Liam Mac Cosgair .......................... 1920- FG

05 Jul 1977 - 11 Dec 1979 Seán Maire Ó Loinsigh (2nd Time)

11 Dec 1979 - 30 Jun 1981 Cathal Seumas Ó hEochaidh ................. 1925-2006 FF

(Charles James Haughey)

30 Jun 1981 - 09 Mar 1982 Gearóid Mac Gearailt ...................... 1926-2011 FG

09 Mar - 14 Dec 1982 Cathal Seumas Ó hEochaidh (2nd Time)

14 Dec 1982 - 10 Mar 1987 Gearóid Mac Gearailt (2nd Time)

10 Mar 1987 - 11 Feb 1992 Cathal Seumas Ó hEochaidh (3rd Time)

11 Feb 1992 - 15 Dec 1994 Ailbhe Mac Raghnail ....................... 1932-2014 FF

(Albert Reynolds)

15 Dec 1994 - 26 Jun 1997 Seán Gerard de Briotún .................... 1947- FG

(John Gerard Bruton)

26 Jun 1997 - 07 May 2008 Pádraig Parthalán Ó hEachthaim ............ 1951- FF

(Bartholomew Patrick Ahern)

07 May 2008 - 09 Mar 2011 Brian Ó Comhain ........................... 1960- FF

(Brian Cowen)

09 Mar 2011 - 14 Jun 2017 Éanna Ó Cionaoith ......................... 1951- FG

(Enda Kenny)

14 Jun 2017 - Leo Varadka ............................... 1979- FG

CG=Comhaontas Glas (Green Party)

FG=Fine Gael (Gaelic Nation, Christian Democratic)

FF=Fianna Fáil (Republican Party, Conservative)

LP=Páirtí an Lucht Oibre (Labour Party, Social Democratic)

SF=Sinn Féin (We ourselves, Socialist, Nationalist, United Ireland)

_______________________________________________________________________________

 

 

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©2005