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Minor States of the Italy

Amalfi

898 - 914 Manso I

914 - 953 Mastalo I

953 - 958 Mastalo II

Dukes

958 - 966 Sergio II, principe di Salerno

1004 - 1007 Giovanni II

1007 - 1028 Sergio III

1028 - 1029 Manso III (1st Time)

1029 - 1034 Giovanni III (1st Time)

1034 -1039 Maria

1039 - 1052 Guaimar

1052 - 1069 Giovanni III (2nd Time)

1069 - 1073 Sergio IV

1073 Giovanni IV

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Ancona

1093 March of Ancona

23 Jul 1177 Ancona a Free Commune

1355 Ancona a Free Republic

1433 - 1454 Vassel of Milan

20 Sep 1532 Annexed by the Papal State

19 Nov 1797 - 07 Mar 1798 Anconine Republic

07 Mar 1798 Part of the Roman Republic

14 Nov 1799 - 27 Jan 1801 Austrian occupation

27 Jan 1801 - 28 Jun 1802 French occupation

28 Jun 1802 Restored to the Papal State

18 Oct 1805 Part of the Kingdom of Italy

1814 - 1815 Occupied by Naples

25 Jul 1815 re-restored to the Papal State

 

1093 - 1355 The Lords of Ferrara

1443 - 1454 Francesco I Sforza

Consol of the Republic

19 Nov 1797 - 07 Mar 1798 Pietro Reppi

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Apulia

1143 County of Apulia

1059 Duchy of Apulia and Calabria

1130 To Sicilly and Naples thereafter

 

Counts

1043 - 1046 Hauteville, Gillaume I "Iron Arm"

1046 - 1051 Hauteville, Drogo

1051 - 1057 Hauteville, Umfredo

Dukes

1057 - 1085 Hauteville, Roberto Guiscard

1085 - 1088 Hauteville, Marco Bohemond

(Prince of Antioch)

1088 - 1101 Hauteville, Rogiero Borso

1101 - 1127 Hauteville, Gillaume II

1127 - 1130 Hauteville, Gillaume III

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Aosta

c. 900 County of Aosta held by the Bishops of Aosta

1026 Secularised and passed to Umberto I of Savoy

1187-1190 Dukedom of Aosta

1190-1861 To Savoy

1766 The separate institutions of Aosta are abolish

1861-1946 Royal Dukedom of Aosta under the House of Savoy

Dukes

1187 - 1190 Oddone I, Duci de Aosta

27 Apr 1701 - 1715 Savoia, Carlo Emmanuele, Prince of Savoy

07 Mar 1723 - 11 Aug 1725 Savoia, Vittorio Amedeo

17 May 1731 - 23 Apr 1735 Savoia, Emmanuele Filiberto

01 Dec 1738 - 25 Mar 1745 Savoia, Carlo

24 Jul 1759 - 1802 Savoia, Vittorio Emmanuele

30 May 1845 - 18 Jan 1890 Savoia, Amedio, Duci de Aosta ........................ 1845-1890

18 Jan 1890 - 04 Jul 1931 Savoia, Emmanuele Filiberto .......................... 1867-1918

04 Jul 1931 - 03 Mar 1942 Savoia, Amedio III, Duci de Aosta .................... 1898-1942

03 Mar 1942 - 18 Jun 1946 Savoia, Aimonde IV, Duci de Aosta .................... 1900-1948

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Asti

1091 - 1312 Free Imperial Commune of Asti

1312 County of Asti

1465 - 1521 To France

1507 - 1515 Occupied by Milan

1521 - 1525 To Milan

1525 To the Empire directly

1530 To Savoy

1720 Part of Piedmont-Sardinia

1798 - 1799 Occupied by France

1799 - 1800 Habsburg occupation

1800 - 1814 Annexed to France

1814 Restored to Pietmont-Sardinia

 

 

Counts

1312 - 1317 Capet, Roberto di Napoli

1317 - 1339 Savoy, Filippo

1339 - 1340 Giovanni II di Montforrat

1340 - 1349 Visconti, Luchino

1349 - 1354 Visconti, Giovanni I

1354 - 1356 Visconti, Galaezzo

1356 - 1372 Paleologos, Giovanni II

1372 - 1378 Palaeologos, Secondotte

1378 - 1387 Visconti, Giovanni Galaezzo

1387 - 1406 Visconti, Valentina

1406 - 1465 Capet, Carlo, duc de Orleans

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Aversa

 

1030 County of Capua

1058 County of Aversa held in union with the principality of Capua

1156 Incorporated into the Kingdom of Sicilly

 

Counts

1030 - 1045 Drengot, Ranulfo I

1045 Drengot, Asclettino

1045 - 1048 Drengot, Ranulfo II

1048 - 1049 Drengot, Herman

1049 - 1062 Drengot, Ricardo I, principe di Capua

1058 - 1156 The Princes of Capua

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Bari

847 - 871 Emirate of Bari

871 Part of the Kingdom of Italy

874 Part of the Byzantine Empire

1071 Frankish rule

1127 Part of the Kingdom of Sicily

1557 - 1861 Part of the Kingdom of Naples

 

Emirs

847 - 852 Khalfun

852 - 856 Muffarag-ibn-Sallám

856 - 871 Sawdan

Dukes

1071 - 1085 Hauteville, Umfredo

1085 - 1088 Hauteville, Marco Bohemond

1088 - 1091 Hauteville, Rogiero Borso

1101 - 1113 Hauteville, Simon

1113 - 1027 Hauteville, Gugliermo II di Apulia

1464 - 1479 Sforza, Maria

1479 - 1492 Sforza, Luigi di Milan

1479 - 1497 Makedon, Padoano

(co-ruler)

1500 - 1524 Trastamara, Isobel

1524 - 19 Nov 1559 Sforza, Bona, Queen of Poland

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Benevento

571 Duchy of Benevento

774 Principality of Benevento

1050 - 1054 Lombard rulers expelled

1053 - 1054 Under direct Papal rule

1054 - 1077 Under Papal suzerainty

1078 - 1081 Norman rule

1081 - 1408 Returned to Papal states

1440 - 1458 To Naples

1458 - 1769 To the Papal States

1769 - 1774 To Naples

1774 - 1806 To the Papal States

1806 - 1815 Title "prince of Benevento" restored by Napoleon

 

Dukes

590 – 594 Lombard, Zottone

594 – 641 Lombard, Arechi I

641 – 642 Lombard, Aione I

646 - 651 Lombard, Radoald

647 - 671 Lombard, Grimoald I

662 - 687 Lombard, Romoald I

687 - 689 Lombard, Grimoald II

689 - 706 Lombard, Gisulf I

706 - 730 Lombard, Romoald II

730 - 732 Lombard, Audelais

733 - 739 Lombard, Grigorio

739 - 742 Lombard, Godescalco

742 - 751 Lombard, Gisulf II

751 - 758 Lombard, Liutprand

758 - 787 Lombard, Arechi II

Princes

787 - 806 Lombard, Grimoald III

806 - 817 Lombard, Grimoald IV

817 - 832 Lombard, Sico I

832 - 839 Lombard, Sicard

839 - 851 Lombard, Radelgis I

851 - 854 Lombard, Radelgar

854 - 878 Lombard, Adelchis

878 - 881 Lombard, Guaifer

881 - 884 Lombard, Radelgis II (1st Time)

884 - 890 Lombard, Aione II

890 - 891 Lombard, Orso

897 - 900 Lombard, Radelgis II (2nd Time)

900 - 910 Lombard, Atenulf I

901 - 943 Lombard, Landulf I

(co-ruler to 910)

911 - 940 Lombard, Atenulf II

co-ruler)

940 Landulf di Conza

940 - 961 Lombard, Landulf II

933 - 943 Lombard, Atenulf III di Carinola

(co-ruler)

943 - 981 Lombard, Pandulf I Ironhead

(co-ruler to 968)

959 - 968 Lombard, Landulf III

(co-ruler to 961)

968 - 981 Lombard, Landulf IV

981 - 1014 Lombard, Pandulf II

987 - 1033 Lombard, Landulf V

(co-ruler)

1012 - 1050 Lombard, Pandulf III (1st Time)

(co-ruler to 1033)

1038 - 1050 Lombard, Landulf VI (1st Time)

(co-ruler)

1053 - 1054 Rudolf

1054 - 1059 Lombard, Pandulf III (2nd Time)

1054 - 1077 Lombard, Landulf VI (2nd Time)

1056 - 07 Feb 1074 Lombard, Pandulf IV

(co-ruler)

1078 – 1081 Guiscard, Roberto

1418 – 1440 Sforza, Francesco

1806 – 1815 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord

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Bergamo

476 - 491 Part of the Heruli Confederation

491 - 569 Part of the Kingdom of Ostrogoths

569 - 774 Part of the Lombard Kingdom

816 - 1110 County of Bergamo

1110 - 1301 Republic of Bergamo

1264 - 1277 Occupied by Milan

1301 - 1428 Occupied by Milan

1428 - 1797 Part of the Republic of Venice

1510 - 1513 French occupation

1513 - 1515 Republic

12 Mar - 29 Jun 1797 Republic of Bergamo

1797 - 1814 Part of Napoleonic Italy

1814 - 1859 Part of the Austrian Empire

1859 Part of Piedmont-Sardinia then Italy

 

Dukes

572 - 573 Clef

575 Vallari

Gaidulf

6.. - 702 Rothari I

7.. - 727 Rothari II

774 Lupo

Counts

816 - 8.. Anteram

833 - 8.. Marius

843 - 8.. Rathacker

870 - 8.. Oddon

894 - 9.. Ambrose

918 - 919 Lintulf

919 - 921 Suppone

921 - 930 Giselbert I

930 - 962 Lanfranc I

962 - 9.. Giselbert II

1018 - 10.. Lanfranc II

1026 - 10.. Arduin I

10.. - 1064 Arduin II

1064 - 1066 Rainieri

1066 - 1079 Ariald

1079 - 10.. Giselbert III

10.. - 1101 Alberto

1101 - 1110 Reginer

1302 - 1304 Scotto, Alberto di Piacenza

1315 - 13.. della Scala, Manfredo

1321 - 1331 della Scala, Frederic

1407 - 1408 Soardi, Giovanni Rogiero

1408 - 1421 Malatesta, Pandolf

19 Mar 1898 - 18 Jun 1946 Savoia, Adalberto duca di Bergamo 1898-1963

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Bologna

28 Jul 1273 Bolognia a free commune

05 Sep 1327 - 28 Mar 1334 Papal rule

28 Oct 1350 - 15 Mar 1360 Sold to Milan

15 Mar 1360 - 20 Mar 1376 Papal rule

20 Mar 1376 - 1377 Autonomous Comune di Bologna (by revolt)

1377 Papal rule restored

22 May 1438 - 11 Nov 1596 Autonomy

13 Jun 1512 Annexed by the Papal State

19 Jun - 16 Oct 1796 Bolognese Republic

16 Oct 1796 Part of the Cispadane Republic

17 Jul 1797 Part of the Cisalpine Republic

12 Aug 1799 - 28 Jun 1800 Austrian occupation

1805 - 1814 Part of Italy

1814 - 1860 Part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany

18 Mar 1860 Part of Italy

 

Dukes

1401 - 26 Jun 1402 Bentivoglio, Giovanni I

26 Jun 1402 - 23 Sep 1437 Bentivoglio, Antonio Galeazzo

(leader of the republic)

1443 - 24 Jun 1445 Bentivoglio, Annibale I

1446 - 01 Oct 1463 Bentivoglio, Santi

01 Oct 1463 - 10 Nov 1506 Bentivoglio, Giovanni II

1511 - 10 Jun 1512 Bentivoglio, Annibale II

Gonfalonieri di Giustizia

19 Jun - 30 Jun 1796 Filippo Hercolani

01 Jul - 31 Aug 1796 Vincenzo Grassi

01 Sep - 31 Oct 1796 Giuseppe Carlo de Bianchi

01 Nov 1796 - 31 May 1797 Girolamo Legnani Ferri

Regia Cesarea Provvisoria Reggenza in Bologna

12 Aug 1799 - 1800 - Francesco Ghisilieri

(chairman)

- Giorgio Cospi

- Alamanno Isolani

- Pietro Bianchetti

- Giuseppe Malvizzi

- Vincenzo Salaroli

- Vincenzo Berni degli Antoni

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Borgo San Donnino (Fidenza)

 

1029 County of Borgo San Donnino

1102 - 1136 Republic

1136 To Parma

1177 - 1199 Republic

1199 - 1221 To Parma

1221 - 1249 Republic

1249 To Parma

1275 - 1308 Republic

1308 - 1311 To Parma

1311 Republic

1311 - 1315 To Parma

1315 - 1322 Republic

1322 - 1335 To the Papal States

1335 - 1386 To Milan

1447 - 1449 Republic

1449 - 1499 To Milan

1512 - 1515 To the Papacy

1549 - 1859 To Parma

1859 To Piedmont-Sardinia

1861 Part of Italy

 

Counts

1047 - 1077 Pallavicino, Berthold

1077 - 1092 d'Este, Ugo I

1077 - 1092 d'Este, Folco

1163 - 1177 Pallavicino, Oberto I

1249 - 1268 Pallavicino, Oberto II

1325 - 1327 Visconti, Azzo

1386 - 1405 Terzi, Ottobono

1405 - 1409 Rossi, Pietro

1409 - 1413 Pallavicino, Orlando

1437 - 1447 Cotta, Innocent

1512 - 1515 Pallavicino, Antonio

- Pallavicino, Maria

- Pallavicino, Girolamo

- Pallavicino, Galaezzo

- Pallavicino, Octavio

- Pallavicino, Cristoforo

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Bozzolo

14.. Lordship of Bozzolo created for a cadet branch of the Gonzaga dynasty

1555 Principality

 

Lords

14.. - 1496 Gonzaga, Gianfrancesco

1496 - 22 Jan 1529 Gonzaga, Piro

22 Jan 1529 - 1555 Gonzaga, Carlo

Princes

1555 - 1603 Gonzaga, Ferdinando

1603 - 1609 Gonzaga, Giulius Cesare

1609 - 1674 Gonzaga, Scipio

1674 - 1703 Gonzaga, Giovanni Francesco

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Brescia

Dukes

5.. - 575 Alachi I

5.. - 636 Rothari

6.. - 6.. Gaidoald

6.. - 7.. Marquard

7.. - 774 Potho

980 - 1012 Tedaldo

1012 - 1052 Boniface

1052 - 1115 Matilda di Canossa

1257 - 1259 da Romano, Ezzolino

1259 - 1265 Pelavicino, Oberto

1269 - 1281 Capet, Carlo

1298 - 1308 Maggi, Bernado

1308 - 1311 Maggi, Matteo

1319 - 1330 Capet, Roberto di Sicilia

1403 - 1404 Rozzone, Giovanni

1404 - 1421 Malatesta, Pandolfo

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Camerino

592 - 1115 Part of Spoleto

1115 - 1266 Camerino a Free Commune

1266 Lordship of Camerino

1434 - 1444 To the Papal States

1515 Duchy of Camerino

1534 - 1539 To Urbino

1539 - 1540 To the Papal States

1555 To the Papal States thereafter

 

Lords

1266 - 1284 da Varano, Gentile I

1284 - 1316 da Varano, Rodolfo I

1316 - 1329 da Varano, Berardo I

1329 - 1344 da Varano, Giovanni I

1344 - 1355 da Varano, Gentile II

1355 - 1384 da Varano, Rodolfo II

1384 - 1385 da Varano, Giovanni II

1385 - 1399 da Varano, Gentile III

1399 - 02 May 1424 da Varano, Rodolfo III

02 May 1424 - 06 Sep 1433 da Varano, Gentile Pandolfo

(co-ruler with:)

02 May 1424 - 06 Sep 1433 da Varano, Giovanni III (1st Time)

02 May 1424 - 06 Sep 1433 da Varano, Piergentile

06 Sep 1433 - Jul 1434 da Varano, Berardo II

Jul - Oct 1434 da Varano, Giovanni III (2nd Time)

23 Nov 1443 - 1464 da Varano, Rodolfo IV

23 Nov 1443 - 20 Jul 1502 da Varano, Giulio Cesare

20 Jul - 02 Sep 1502 Borgia, Cesare

02 Sep 1502 - 25 Oct 1503 Borgia, Giovanni IV Maria

Dukes

25 Oct 1503 - 10 Aug 1527 da Varano, Gian Maria

1521 - 22 Jun 1522 da Varano, Sigismundo

10 Aug 1527 - 16 Dec 1534 Kyvos, Catarina

(regent)

10 Aug 1527 - 14 Oct 1539 da Varano, Giulia

11 Jul 1540 - 24 Aug 1545 Farese, Ottavio

Papal Commissioner

14 Oct 1539 - 11 Jul 1541 Filippo Archinto, vescovo di Borgo

Duke

1550 - 1555 del Monte, Baldovino

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Capua

Princes

840 - 842 Landulfo I

842 - 861 Lando I

861 Lando II

861 - 862 Pando

862 Pandenulfo (1st Time)

862 - 879 Landulfo II

879 - 882 Pandenulfo (2nd Time)

882 - 885 Lando III

885 - 887 Landenulfo I

887 - 910 Atenulfo

982 - 992 Aloara

982 - 993 Landenulfo II

993 - 999 Laidulfo

999 Ademar

999 - 1007 Landulfo III

1007 - 1022 Panduflo II

1009 - 1014 Pandulfo III

1016 - 1022 Pandulfo IV (1st Time)

1020 - 1022 Pandulfo V (1st Time)

1022 - 1026 Pandulfo VI

1022 - 1026 Giovanni

1026 - 1038 Pandulfo IV (2nd Time)

1026 - 1038 Pandulfo V (2nd Time)

1038 - 1047 Gaimar

1047 - 1050 Pandulfo IV (3rd Time)

1047 - 1057 Pandulfo V (3rd Time)

1047 - 1058 Landulfo IV

1058 - 1078 Aversa, Ricardo I

1078 - 1091 Aversa, Giordano I

1091 Aversa, Ricardo II (1st Time)

1091 - 1098 Capua, Lando IV

1098 - 1106 Aversa, Ricardo II (2nd Time)

1107 - 1120 Aversa, Roberto I

1120 Aversa, Ricardo III

1120 - 1127 Aversa, Giordano II

1127 - 1135 Aversa, Roberto II (1st Time)

1035 - 1037 de Hauteville, Alfonso (1st Time)

1037 Aversa, Roberto II (2nd Time)

1037 - 1044 de Hauteville, Alfonso (2nd Time)

1044 - 1055 de Hauteville, Guglierlmo

1055 - 1056 Aversa, Roberto II (3rd Time)

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Carpi

962 Lordship of Carpi

1115 - 1215 Free Commune

1216 - 1327 To Modena

1522 - 1523 Spanish occupation

1523 Brief Imperial rule

1525 - 1527 Spanish occupation

1527 To Modena thereafter

1535 Raised to a principality held in union by the Duke of Modena,

separate administration ended in 1796

 

Lords

962 - 9.. Canossa, Azzo

1001 - 1012 Canossa, Tedaldo

1012 - 1052 Canossa, Bonifacio

1052 - 1115 Canossa, Matilda "la Gran Contessa"

1215 - 1216 Torelli, Salinguerra

1319 Pio, Manfredo (1st Time)

1327 - 1348 Pio, Manfredo (2nd Time)

1348 - 1367 Pio, Galasso I

1367 - 1389 Pio, Giberto I

1367 - 1384 Pio, Marsiglio

1389 - 1418 Pio, Marco I

1418 - 14.. Pio, Giovanni I

1450 - 1464 Pio, Alberto I

1463 - 1480 Pio, Leonello

1464 - 1465 Pio, Galasso II

1465 - 1494 Pio, Marco II

1465 - 1477 Pio, Leonello

1465 - 1469 Pio, Giovanni II Marsiglio

1477 - 1480 Pio, Alberto III (1st Time)

1490 - 1522 Pio, Alberto III (2nd Time)

1494 - 1499 Pio, Giberto II

1523 - 1525 Pio, Alberto III (3rd Time)

Princes

1535 - 1859 The Dukes of Modena

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Castiglione

01 Oct 1444 Lordship of Castiglione delle Stiviere

22 Sep 1494 Lords become princes of the Holy Roman Empire

04 Dec 1575 Marquisate of Castiglione delle Stiviere

23 Dec 1691 Gonzaga family exiled in a rebellion,

Castiglione under Imperial administration

24 Dec 1691 - 03 Jun 1773 Attached to the Duchy of Milan

1702 - 1707 French occupation

03 Jun 1773 Annexed to Milan

 

 

Lords

01 Oct 1444 - 16 Jan 1466 Gonzaga, Alessandro ................................. 1415-1466

16 Jan 1466 - 06 Jul 1495 Gonzaga, Rodolfo I .................................. 1452-1495

Princes

06 Jul 1495 - 19 Jan 1511 Gonzaga, Ludovico ................................... 1460-1511

19 Jan 1511 - 19 Jul 1549 Gonzaga, Luigi Alessandro ........................... 1494-1549

19 Jul 1549 - 15 Feb 1586 Gonzaga, Ferdinando I ............................... 1544-1586

(Marquis from 04 Dec 1574)

19 Jul 1459 - 02 Mar 1553 Ercole Cardinale Gonzaga ............................ 1505-1553

(regent)

Marchese

15 Feb 1586 - 03 Jan 1593 Gonzaga, Rodolfo II ................................. 1569-1593

03 Jan 1593 - 23 Oct 1616 Gonzaga, Francesco .................................. 1577-1612

23 Oct 1616 - 22 Feb 1636 Gonzaga, Luigi I .................................... 1611-1636

23 Oct 1616 - 20 Jan 1628 Gonzaga, Cristierno marchese de Solferino ........... 1580-1630

(regent)

22 Feb 1636 - 23 Apr 1675 Gonzaga, Ferdinando II .............................. 1614-1675

23 Apr 1675 - 21 May 1680 Gonzaga, Carlo ...................................... 1616-1680

21 May 1680 - 23 Dec 1691 Gonzaga, Ferdinando III ............................. 1648-1723

(continues in exile to 11 Feb 1723)

11 Feb 1723 - 07 Nov 1746 Gonzaga, Luigi II ................................... 1680-1746

07 Nov 1746 - 03 Jun 1773 Gonzaga, Luigi III .................................. 1745-1819

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Castro

31 Oct 1537 Duchy of Castro

19 Dec 1649 Territory is returned to the Papacy.

 

Dukes

14 Mar 1537 – 10 Sep 1547 Farnese, Pier Luigi ................................. 1503–1547

10 Sep 1547 – 18 Jul 1553 Farnese, Orazio ..................................... 1532–1553

18 Jul 1553 – 18 Sep 1586 Farnese, Ottavio .................................... 1524–1586

18 Sep 1586 – 03 Dec 1592 Farnese, Alessandro ................................. 1545–1592

03 Dec 1592 – 05 Mar 1622 Farnese, Ranuccio I ................................. 1569–1622

05 Mar 1622 – 11 Sep 1646 Farnese, Odoarde .................................... 1612–1646

11 Sep 1646 – 19 Dec 1649 Farnese, Ranuccio II ................................ 1630–1694

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Cesena

711 - 748 Republic of Cesena

748 To the Kingdom of Italy

1183 - 1198 Republic of Cesena

1198 To the Papal States

1275 Lordship of Cesena (with periods of Papal rule)

1375 - 1378 "War of the Eight Saints" culminates in the "Cesena Bloodbath"

1465 Papal rule restored

1796 - 1814 French occupation

1861 Part of Italy

 

Lords

1275 - 1278 Montefeltro, Guido (1st Time)

1281 - 1283 Montefeltro, Guido (2nd Time)

1315 - 1326 Malatesta, Ferrantino

1333 - 1339 Matatesta, Galeotto I

1333 - 1357 Ordelaffi, Francesco

1333 - 1339 Polenta, Ostasio

1378 - 1385 Malatesta, Galeotto II

1385 - 1416 Malatesta, Andrea

1416 - 1432 Malatesta, Pandolfo

1432 - 1465 Malatesta, Domenco

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Ceva

 

1125 Marquisate of Ceva split from Montferrat

1295 - 1422 A vassel of various neibourghs

1447 - 1530 Part of Asti

03 Apr 1531 Part of Savoy

 

Marquesses

1324 - 1341 Bonifacio I (1st Time)

1356 - 1383 Bonifacio I (2nd Time)

17 Jun 1387 - 22 Jun 1411 Cristoforno

17 Jun 1387 - 1396 Giacomo

22 Jun 1411 - 1422 Ottone

1422 - 1447 Bonifacio II

1530 - 03 Apr 1531 Galeazzo

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Clavesana

 

1142 Marquisate of Clavesana

1387 Part of the Republic of Genoa

 

Marquesses

1142 - 1170 Ugone

1170 - 1178 Anselmo di Ceva

1178 - 1221 Bonifacio I

1221 - 1225 Guglielmo di Ceva

1225 - 1233 Oddone I

1233 - 1268 Bonifacio II Tagliaferro

1268 - 1297 Manuele I

1297 - 1324 Oddone II

1324 - 1363 Federico I

1363 - 1381 Oddone III

1381 - 1387 Manuele II

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Colorno

1230 - 1334 Part of Parma

1334 Lordship of Parma

1346 - 1415 Part of Milan

1415 - 1431 Part of Ferrara

1612 Part of Parma

 

Lords

1334 della, Scala, Mastino

1334 - 1346 da Corregio, Azzo

13.. - 1402 da Corregio, Giberto

1402 - 1415 Terzi, Ottobuono

1402 - 1415 Terzi, Giacomo

1402 - 1415 Terzi, Giovanni

1415 - 1431 Contrari, Uggocione

1431 - 1449 Guerriero, Niccola

1449 - 1458 Sforza, Alessandro

1458 - 1477 Sanseverino, Roberto (1st Time)

1479 - 1482 Sanseverino, Roberto (2nd Time)

1483 - 1501 Sanseverino, Giovanni Francesco I

1501 - 1532 Sanseverino, Roberto Amrose

1532 - 1539 Kyvos, Ippolita (1st Time)

1539 Rossi, Giulio

1539 - 1544 Kyvos, Ippolita (2nd Time)

1544 - 1565 Sanseverino, Lavinia

1565 - 1570 Sanseverino, Giovanni Francesco II

1570 - 1577 Sanseverino, Giovanni Galeazzo

1577 - 1611 Sanvitale, Girolamo

1576 - 1612 Sanseverino, Barbara

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Correggio

 

1009 Lordship of Correggio

18 May 1452 County of Correggio

13 Feb 1616 Principality of Correggio

1631 - 1634 Confinscated by the Emperor

1634 Annexed to Modena

 

Lords

1000 - 1029 Frogerio I da Correggio

1029 - 1039 Guido I da Correggio

1038 - 1080 Gherardo I da Correggio

1080 - 10.. Alberto I da Correggio

1080 - 1109 Gherardo II da Correggio

1109 - 1141 Matteo I da Correggio

1141 - 1160 Gherardo III da Correggio

1160 - 1200 Alberto II da Correggio

1160 - 1203 Gherardo IV da Correggio

1200 - 1221 Matteo II da Correggio

1203 - 12.. Giberto I da Correggio

1221 - 1230 Frogerio II da Correggio

1230 - 1257 Gherardo V da Correggio

1230 - 1250 Giberto II da Correggio

1230 - 1260 Guido II da Correggio

1257 - 1290 Matteo III da Correggio

1260 - 1299 Guido III da Correggio

1260 - 12.. Jacopino da Correggio

12.. - 1303 Ungardo da Correggio

1270 - 13.. Matteo IV da Correggio

1280 - 12.. Cavalca da Correggio

1290 - 13.. Guidotto da Correggio

1290 - 12.. Bartolomeo da Correggio

1290 - 12.. Guglielmo I da Correggio

1300 - 13.. Guglielmo II da Correggio

1300 - 13.. Ettore da Correggio

1300 - 13.. Obizzo da Correggio

1307 - 25 Jul 1325 Gilberto III da Correggio

1305 - 1330 Matteo V da Correggio

25 Jul 1325 - Nov 1346 Simone da Correggio

25 Jul 1325 - Nov 1346 Guido IV da Correggio

25 Jul 1325 - Nov 1346 Azzone da Correggio

25 Jul 1325 - Nov 1346 Giovanni da Correggio

Nov 1346 - 17 Jul 1373 Gilberto IV da Correggio

1371 - 1389 Guido V da Correggio

1373 - 1410 Pietro da Correggio

1389 - 1446 Gilberto V da Correggio

1389 - 1430 Gherardo VI da Correggio

1389 - 1441 Galasso da Correggio

1441 - 1449 Niccolò I da Correggio

1430 - 18 May 1452 Gilberto VI da Correggio

Counts

1430 - 18 May 1452 Manfredo I da Correggio

1430 - 18 May 1452 Antonio da Correggio

18 May 1452 - 1457 Gilberto VI da Correggio

18 May 1452 - 1476 Manfredo I da Correggio

18 May 1452 - 1469 Antonio da Correggio

18 May 1452 - 1495 Niccolò II da Correggio

1476 - 26 Aug 1508 Gilberto VII da Correggio

1476 - 1503 Borso da Correggio

1509 - 1517 Giangaleazzo da Correggio

27 May 1517 - 20 Mar 1546 Manfredo II da Correggio

27 May 1517 - 1531 Gianfrancesco II da Correggio

16 Dec 1520 - 09 Oct 1572 Geralamo I da Correggio

16 Dec 1520 - 1552 Ippolito da Correggio

29 Apr 1553 - 22 May 1580 Gilberto VIII da Correggio

29 Apr 1553 - 03 Jun 1605 Camillo da Correggio

29 Apr 1553 - 1592 Fabrizio da Correggio

1591 - 1611 Geromalo II da Correggio

1611 - 1631 Giovanni Siro da Correggio d'Austria

___________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Cremona

 

816 - 1120 Bishopric of Cremona

1120 - 1252 Republic

1252 Lordship

1275 - 1307 Republic

1322 - 1402 To Milan

1420 To Milan thereafter

 

Lords

1252 - 1266 Pellavicino, Oberto

1266 - 1275 da Davora, Buoso

1307 - 1312 Cavalcabo, Guillermo

1312 - 1313 da Carregio, Giberto (1st Time)

1313 - 1315 Capet, Roberto di Napoli

1315 - 1316 Cavalcabo, Giacomo

1316 da Carregio, Giberto (2nd Time)

1316 - 1317 Bonacolsi, Rinaldo

1317 - 1322 da Carregio, Giberto (3rd Time)

1403 - 1404 Cavalcabo, Ugolino

1404 - 1406 Cavalcabo, Carlo

1406 - 1420 Fondulo, Gabrino

__________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Desana

15 Sep 1411 Lordship of Desana

03 Jul 1510 County of Desana

1515 - 1529 French occupation

08 Apr 1676 Dynasty extinct, part of Savoy

 

Lords

15 Sep 1411 - 10 Aug 1439 Tizzoni, Ludovico I

10 Aug 1439 - 17 Oct 1449 Tizzoni, Antonio Maria I

17 Oct 1449 - 28 Jun 1483 Tizzoni, Francesco

28 Jun 1483 - 05 Aug 1525 Tizzoni, Ludovico II

Counts

1529 - 1533 Tizzoni, Giovanni Bartholome

1533 - 11 Mar 1550 Tizzoni, Cajus Cesare

11 Mar 1550 - 1559 Tizzoni, Gabriello

1559 - 1582 Tizzoni, Augustino

1582 - 20 Apr 1598 Tizzoni, Delfinio

20 Apr 1598 - 18 Apr 1651 Tizzoni, Antonio Maria II

20 Apr 1598 - 1652 Camilla Biandrà Tizzoni

(regent)

18 Apr 1641 - 08 Apr 1676 Tizzoni, Carlo Giuseppe

__________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Elba

1016 Part of the Republic of Pisa

18 Feb 1399 Part of the Lordship of Piombino

22 Jun 1548 Part of Elba sold to Florence

24 Jun 1548 - 12 Aug 1552 Occupied by Spain

01 Aug 1559 Elba partioned between Florence, Spain and Piombino

03 Oct 1735 Spanish possessions are ceded to Naples

09 Jul 1796 - 28 Apr 1797 British occupation

28 Mar 1801 Occupied by France

26 Aug 1802 Annexed by France

11 Apr 1814 Elba given to ex-Emperor Napoleon I of France

as a sovereign principality under allied supervision

26 Feb 1815 Napoleon leaved Elba for France, the island is made part

of France again

09 Jun 1815 Ceded to Tuscany by the Congress of Vienna

02 Sep 1815 End of French administration

13 Oct 1815 Incorporated into Tuscany

1859 Part of Italy

17 Sep 1943 - 18 Jun 1944 German occupation

 

Lords

01 Aug 1559 - 28 Mar 1801 The Princes of Piombino

Prince

04 May 1814 - 26 Feb 1815 Bounarparte, Napoleon I ............................. 1769-1821

 

Governors

04 May 1814 - 26 Feb 1815 Antoine, comte Drouot ............................... 1774-1847

26 Feb - Jun 1815 Pietro Giuseppe Cristiano Lapi ...................... 1766-1854

Jun - 02 Sep 1815 Jean-Baptiste, baron Dalesme

Commissioner for Tuscany

02 Sep 1815 - 1816 Conte Luigi Agostino Fantoni

 

Minister Secretary of State

04 May 1814 - 26 Feb 1815 Henri Gatien, comte Bertrand ........................ 1773-1844

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Fabriano

 

1165 The town of Fabriano under the ruling Chiavelli family

1234 - 1378 Fabriano Commune

26 May 1435 Most of the Chiavelli family are murdered in the

Ascencion Day massacre at the San Venanzio catherdral

1436 Under Milan

1444 To the Papal States

 

 

1165 - 1170 Chiavelli, Alberico

1165 - 1170 Chiavelli, Rainaldo

1199 - 1213 Chiavelli, Alberto

1202 - 1214 Chiavelli, Todino

1249 - 1289 Chiavelli, Pica

1280 Chiavelli, Alberghetto I

1313 - 1325 Chiavelli, Tomasso

1317 - 1327 Chiavelli, Alberghetto II (1st Time)

1344 - 1356 Chiavelli, Alberghetto II (2nd Time)

1365 - 1368 Chiavelli, Alberghetto II (3rd Time)

1378 - 1404 Chiavelli, Guido I Nepolitano

1404 - 1412 Chiavelli, Chiavello I Battista

1412 - 1435 Chiavelli, Tommaso IV

1428 - 1435 Chiavelli, Giovanni Battista

1435 - 1436 Chiavelli, Guido IV

1435 - 1436 Chiavelli, Nolfo II

1436 - 1444 Sforza, Francesco di Milano

__________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Faenza

 

954 Faenza Commune

1302 - 1313 Papal rule

1328 - 1339 Papal rule

1356 - 1376 Papal rule

1404 - 1410 Papal rule

1503 - 1509 To Venice

1509 - 1796 To The Papal States

1796 - 1815 French occupation

1815 - 1859 To the Papal States

1861 Part of Italy

 

Lords

954 Menesio

1286 - 1291 Manfredi, Maghinardo

1313 - 1327 Manfredi, Francesco I

1327 - 1328 Manfredi, Alberghettino

1339 - 1340 Manfredi, Rizzardo

1340 - 1348 Manfredi, Giovanni I

1348 - 1356 Manfredi, Giovanni II

1376 - 1377 John Hawkwood

1377 Este, Niccolo

1377 - 1404 Manfredi, Astorre I

1410 - 1417 Manfredi, Gian Galaezzo

1417 - 1424 Manfredi, Guidantonio (1st Time)

1424 - 1426 Visconti, Filippo Maria

1426 - 1448 Manfredi, Guidantonio (2nd Time)

1448 - 1468 Manfredi, Astorre II

1468 - 1477 Manfredi, Carlo

1477 - 1488 Manfredi, Galeotto

1488 - 1501 Manfredi, Astorre III

1501 - 1503 Borgia, Cesare

1503 Manfredi, Francesco II

______________________________________________________________________________________

 

Ferrara

1115 Ferrara a free commune

1208 Lordship of Ferrara

1236 - 1240 Imperial rule

10 Oct 1308 - 28 Aug 1309 To Venice

28 Aug 1309 - 22 Aug 1317 To the Papal States

14 Apr 1471 Duchy of Ferrara

16 Jan 1598 - 1796 Annexed to the Papal States

23 Jun 1796 French occupation

01 Oct 1796 Ferraran Republic

18 Oct 1796 - 29 Jun 1797 Part of the Cispadane Republic

29 Jun 1797 - 1814 Part of Napoleonic Italy

23 May 1799 - 19 Jna 1801 Austrian occupation

15 Jul 1815 Restored to the Papal States

Nov 1848 - 09 Feb 1849 Provisional revolutionary government

09 Feb - 06 May 1849 Part of the Roman Republic

18 Mar 1860 Annexed by Piedmonte-Sardinia

 

Lords

1196 - 1209 Torelli, Salinguerra (1st Time)

1209 - 1212 Este, Azzo VI

1212 - 1215 Este, Aldobrandino I

1215 - 1222 Este, Azzo VII

1222 - 1256 Torelli, Salinguerra (2nd Time)

1264 - 1293 Este, Obizzo II

13 Feb 1293 - 31 Jan 1308 Este, Azzo VIII

31 Jan 1308 - 26 Jul 1326 Este, Aldobrandino II

31 Jan 1308 Este, Fresco

1308 - 1309 Este, Fresco

22 Aug 1317 - 1335 Este, Rinaldo

1335 - 1344 Este, Niccolo I

1335 - 30 Mar 1352 Este, Obizzo II

30 Mar 1352 - 03 Nov 1361 Este, Aldobrandino III

03 Nov 1361 - 26 Mar 1388 Este, Niccolo II

26 Mar 1388 - 30 Jul 1393 Este, Alberto

30 Jul 1393 - 26 Dec 1441 Este, Niccolo III

26 Dec 1441 - 01 Oct 1450 Este, Leonello

01 Oct 1450 - 20 Aug 1471 Este, Borso

Dukes

20 Aug 1471 - 25 Jan 1505 Este, Ercole I

25 Jan 1505 - 31 Oct 1534 Este, Alfonso I

31 Oct 1534 - 03 Oct 1559 Este, Ercole II

03 Oct 1559 - 27 Oct 1597 Este, Alfonso II

27 Oct 1597 - 16 Jan 1598 Este, Cesare

_____________________________________________________________________________________

 

Finale

967 Marquisate of Finale

1602 - 1700 In personal union with Spain

20 Aug 1713 To Genoa

 

Marquesses

1162 - 1185 del Carretto, Enrico I

1185 - 1231 del Carretto, Enrico II

1231 - 1265 del Carretto, Giacomo

1265 - 1313 del Carretto, Antonio

1313 - 1359 del Carretto, Giorgio

1359 - 1392 del Carretto, Lazzarino I

1392 - 1412 del Carretto, Lazzarino II

1412 - 1250 del Carretto, Galeotto I

1450 - 1468 del Carretto, Giovanni I

1468 - 1482 del Carretto, Galeotto II

1482 - 1499 del Carretto, Alfonso I (1st Time)

1499 - 1514 del Carretto, Carlo Domenico

1514 - 1517 del Carretto, Alfonso I (2nd Time)

1517 - 1335 del Carretto, Giovanni II

30 Jun 1535 - 09 Nov 1583 del Carretto, Alfonso II

09 Nov 1583 - 1596 del Carretto, Alessandro

1596 - 02 Mar 1602 del Carretto, Sforza Andrea

1602 - 1700 The Kings of Spain

_______________________________________________________________________________________

 

Forlì

1162 - 1315 Forli an imperial commune

1315 Lordship of Forli

1405 - 1411 Republic

1504 To the Papal States thereafter

 

Lords

1315 - 1331 Ordelaffi, Cecco (Francesco) I

1333 - 1339 Ordelaffi, Cecco II

06 Jan 1376 - 13 Dec 1385 Ordelaffi, Sinibaldo I

06 Jan 1376 - 16 Jul 1402 Ordelaffi, Pino I

16 Jul 1402 - 08 Sep 1405 Ordelaffi, Cecco III

07 Jun 1411 - 25 Jan 1422 Ordelaffi, Giorgio

25 Jan 1422 - 14 May 1423 Ordelaffi, Teobaldo

25 Jan 1422 - 14 May 1423 Lucrezia Alidosi

(regents)

26 Dec 1433 - 11 Jul 1436 Ordelaffi, Antonio I (1st Time)

26 May 1438 - 04 Aug 1448 Ordelaffi, Antonio I (2nd Time)

04 Aug 1448 - 25 Jan 1466 Ordelaffi, Cecco IV

25 Jan 1466 - 09 Feb 1480 Ordelaffi, Pino II

09 Feb - 08 Jul 1480 Ordelaffi, Sinibaldo II

09 Feb - 08 Jul 1480 Lucrezia Pico

(regent)

08 Jul - 08 Aug 1480 Ordelaffi, Cecco V

08 Aug 1480 - 1488 Riario, Girolamo

1488 - 19 Dec 1499 Riario, Ottaviano

19 Dec 1499 - 22 Oct 1503 Borgia, Cesare

22 Oct 1503 - 06 Feb 1504 Ordelaffi, Antonio II Maria

06 Feb - 07 Apr 1504 Ordelaffi, Ludovico

___________________________________________________________________________________

 

Fosdinovo

1289 - 1355 Lordship of Fosdinovo

1355 - 1797 Marquisate of Fosdinovo

1797 - 1814 Part of Napoleonic Italy

1814 Part of Massa and Carra

 

Lord

1289 - 1352 Malaspina, Spinetta I

Marquises

1352 - 15 Mar 1367 Malaspina, Galeotto I

15 Mar 1367 - 1390 Malaspina, Gabriele I

1390 - 1398 Malaspina, Spinetta II

1398 - 09 Apr 1445 Malaspina, Antonio Alberico I

09 Apr 1445 - 17 Nov 1467 Malaspina, Giacomo I

09 Apr 1445 - 17 Nov 1467 Malaspina, Spinetta III

09 Apr 1445 - 04 Jul 1451 Malaspina, Lazzaro

09 Apr 1445 - 1466 Malaspina, Francesco

17 Nov 1467 - 03 Feb 1508 Malaspina, Gabriele II

03 Feb 1508 - 1533 Malaspina, Lorenzo

03 Feb 1508 - 1523 Malaspina, Galeotto II

1533 - 1565 Malaspina, Giuseppe

1565 - 1610 Malaspina, Andrea

1610 - 1663 Malaspina, Giacomo II

1663 - 1669 Malaspina, Pascuale

1669 - 1671 Malaspina, Ippolito

1671 - 1722 Malaspina, Carlo Francesco Agostino

1722 - 1758 Malaspina, Gabriele III

1758 - 02 Jul 1797 Malaspina, Carlo Emmanuele

_________________________________________________________________________________

 

Friuli

568 Frankish Duchy of Friuli

846 March of Friuli

966 To Italy

1077 Title of Count of Friuli invested on the Patriachs of Aquileia

1516 Territory divided between the Habsburg Empire and Republic of Venice

1866 To Italy

 

Dukes

568 - af.571 Grasulf I

5.. - 590 Gisulf I

590 - 610 Gisulf II

610 - 617 Tasso

610 - 617 Cacco

617 - 651 Grasulf II

651 - 663 Ago

663 - 666 Lupus

666 Arnefrid

666 - 678 Wechtar

678 - 6.. Landar

6.. - 694 Rodoald

694 Andfrid

694 - 705 Ado

705 Ferdulf

705 - 706 Corvulus

706 - 739 Pemmo

739 - 744 Ratchis

744 - 749 Aistulf

749 - 751 Anselm

751 - 774 Peter

774 - 776 Rodgand

776 - 787 Marcarius

789 - 799 Eric

799 - 808 Hunfrid

808 - 817 Aio

817 - 819 Cadalaus

819 - 828 Balderic

Margraves

846 - 863 Eberhard

863 - 874 Unruoch

874 - 890 Berengar I (1st Time)

891 - 896 Walfred

896 - 924 Berengar I (2nd Time)

07 Apr 924 - 04 Aug 966 Berengar II

_________________________________________________________________________________

 

Gaeta

c.400 BC Greek colony

823 - 877 Marintine Republic of Gaeta

877 Duchy of Gaeta

1140 To Sicily thereafter

 

Dukes

839 - 866 Constantino

839 - 866 Marino I

877 - 933 Giovanni I

915 - 924 Docibillis

933 - 962 Giovanni II

963 - 966 Gregorio

966 - 9.. Giovanni III

978 - 984 Marino II

984 - 1008 Giovanni IV

991 - 1012 Giovanni V

1012 - 1015 Leone I

1012 - 1040 Giovanni VI

1015 - 1021 Leone II

1023 - 1032 Emilia

1032 - 1038 Pandolfo I

1032 - 1038 Pandolfo II

1040 - 1041 Salerno, Waimar

1041 - 1045 Aversa, Rainulfo I

1045 - 1058 Aversa, Atenulfo I

1058 - 1062 Aversa, Giordano

1062 - 1064 Aversa, Atenulfo II

1064 - 1065 Aversa, Landone

1065 - 1067 Aversa, Dannibaldo

1067 - 1086 Ridello, Goffredo

1086 - 1091 Ridello, Rinaldo

1092 - 1103 Ridello, Landulfo

1103 - 1104 Ridello, Guglielmo

1104 - 1111 dell'Aquila, Riccardo I

1111 - 1113 della'Aquila, Andrea

1113 - 1121 dell'Aquila, Gionata

1121 - 1140 dell'Aquila, Riccardo II

___________________________________________________________________________________

 

Gravina

1132 - 1816 County of Gravina under Sicily (Naples)

1816 To the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

1860 To Italy

 

Counts

1132 Hauteville, Roberto I

1150 Hauteville, Alessandro

1159 - 1167 Hauteville, Gilberto

1168 de Say, Riccardo I

1284 - 1291 Orsini, Riccardo II

1291 - 1315 Anjou, Pietro Tempesta

1315 - 1336 Anjou, Giovanni

1320 Anjou, Carlo

1324 - 1362 Anjou, Ludovico

1362 - 1385 Anjou, Carlo II (Carlo III of Sicily)

1385 - 1398 Malaspina, Spinetta

1417 - 1456 Orsini, Francesco I

1456 - 1472 Orsini, Giacomo

1472 - 1488 Orsini, Raimondo

1488 - 1503 Orsini, Francesco II

1503 - 1549 Orsini, Ferdinando I

1549 - 1553 Orsini, Antonio

1553 - 1583 Orsini, Ferdinando II

1583 - 1627 Orsini, Michele Antonio

1627 - 1635 Orsini, Felicia Maria

1635 - 1641 Orsini, Pietro Francesco I

1641 - 1658 Orsini, Ferdinando III

1658 - 1667 Orsini, Pietro Francesco II

1667 - 1705 Orsini, Domenico I

1705 - 1734 Orsini, Ferdinando Bernualdo Filippo

1734 - 1789 Orsini, Domenico II

1789 - 1816 Orsini, Filippo Bernualdo

____________________________________________________________________________________

 

Guastalla

980 Lordship of Guastalla

06 Jul 1428 County of Guastalla

28 Jul 1475 - 08 Oct 1476 Confiscated by Milan

02 Jul 1621 Duchy of Guastalla

16 Aug 1746 To the Habsburg dynasty

18 Oct 1748 To the Bourbon dynasty

13 Feb 1749 - 1802 In personal-union with Parma

09 Oct 1802 - 1814 French occupation

30 Mar - 24 May 1806 Duchy restored under the Buonaparte dynasty

24 May 1806 - 06 Jun 1814 Part of Italy

06 Jun 1814 - 08 Jan 1848 Duchy in personal union with Parma restored

08 Jan 1848 - 11 Jun 1859 In personal union with Modena

11 Jun 1859 Incorporated into Modena

 

Lords

864 - 877 Spoletto, Engelberga

980 - 991 da Carcano, Ubertino

991 - 1012 Canossa, Tedaldo

1012 - 1052 Canossa, Bonifacio

1052 - 1102 Canossa, Matilda "la Gran Contessa"

1307 - 1321 da Correggio, Giberto

1321 - 1346 da Correggio, Simon

1321 - 1346 da Correggio, Guido I

1321 - 1346 da Correggio, Azzone

1321 - 1346 da Correggio, Giovanni

29 Jul 1402 - 03 Oct 1406 Terzi, Oddone

03 Oct 1406 - 08 Jul 1449 Torelli, Guido II .................................. 1379-1449

Counts

08 Jul 1449 - 06 Mar 1460 Torelli, Cristoforo

08 Jul 1449 - 18 Apr 1460 Torelli, Pietro Guido I

18 Apr 1460 - 08 Oct 1479 Torelli, Guido Galeotto

18 Apr 1460 - 28 Jul 1486 Torelli, Francesco Maria

28 Jul 1486 - 10 Aug 1494 Torelli, Pietro Guido II

10 Aug 1494 - 01 Dec 1522 Torelli, Achille

11 Aug 1494 - 01 Dec 1522 Maddalena del Carreto

(regent)

01 Dec 1522 - 12 Oct 1539 Torelli, Luisa ..................................... 1499-1539

12 Oct 1539 - 15 Nov 1557 Gonzaga, Ferdinando I .............................. 1507-1557

15 Nov 1557 - 17 Feb 1575 Gonzaga, Cesare I, principe di Guastalla ........... 1530-1575

17 Feb 1575 - 05 Aug 1630 Gonzaga, Ferdinando II ............................. 1563-1630

Dukes

05 Aug 1630 - 26 Feb 1632 Gonzaga, Cesare II ................................. 1592-1632

26 Feb 1632 - 11 Jan 1678 Gonzaga, Ferdinando III (1st Time) ................. 1618-1678

04 May 1692 - 30 Aug 1702 Gonzaga, Vincente (1st Time) ....................... 1634-1714

1704 - 06 Dec 1706 Gonzaga, Ferdinando III (2nd Time)

06 Dec 1706 - 27 Apr 1714 Gonzaga, Vincente (2nd Time)

27 Apr 1714 - 19 Apr 1729 Gonzaga, Antonio Ferdinando ........................ 1687-1729

19 Apr 1729 - 16 Aug 1746 Gonzaga, Giuseppe Maria ............................ 1690-1746

13 Feb 1749 - 09 Oct 1802 The Dukes of Parma

30 Mar - 24 May 1806 Buonaparte, Paolina ................................ 1780-1825

06 Jun 1814 - 08 Jan 1848 The Dukes of Parma

08 Jan 1848 - 11 Jun 1859 The Duke of Modena

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Imola (Immla)

 

711 - 712 Republic

920 Lordship of Imola

1001 - 1010 Commune

1059 - 1178 Commune

1181 - 1290 Commune

1503 To the Papal States

 

Lords

750 - 752 Persiceto, Orso

920 - 930 Persiceto, Alidosius

930 - 949 Persiceto, Cornelio

949 - 955 Persiceto, Troilio Nordilio

955 - 960 Persiceto, Sigismondo

960 - 975 Persiceto, Nordilio

975 - 980 Persiceto, Bulgarello

980 - 983 Persiceto, Acarisio

983 - 985 Persiceto, Lelio Acarisio

985 - 986 Persiceto, Alberto di Cunio

986 - 1001 Alidosi, Roberto

1010 - 1029 Sassatelli, Conrado

1029 - 1032 Alidosi, Ugolino

1032 - 1046 Alidosi, Riccardo

1046 - 1054 Alidosi, Raniero

1054 - 1059 Nascimbene, Gerardo

1178 - 1181 Guidi, Guido Guerra II

1290 - 1293 Alidosi, Alidosio

1296 - 1299 della Faggiuola, Uguccione

1335 - 1349 Alidosi, Lippo

1349 - 1363 Alidosi, Roberto

1363 - 1372 Alidosi, Lazzo

1372 - 1391 Alidosi, Bertrand

1391 - 1438 Alidosi, Louis

1439 - 1448 Manfredi, Astorre

20 Jun 1448 - 06 Dec 1473 Manfredi, Thaddeus

1474 - 14 Apr 1488 Riario, Girolamo

14 Apr 1488 - 25 Nov 1499 Riario, Ottaviano

14 Apr 1488 - 27 Aug 1495 Caterina Sforza

25 Nov 1499 - 22 Oct 1503 Borgia, Cesare

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Ivrea

 

888 - 1015 Lordship of Ivrea

1015 - 1027 Autonomous Commune

1027 To the Bishops of Ivrea

1278 To Montferrat

1313 To Savoy thereafter

 

Lords

888 - 892 Friuli, Berengar I

888 - 892 Friuli, Guido I

892 - 896 Friuli, Anscar I

896 - 925 Friuli, Adalberto

925 - 938 Friuli, Berengar II (1st Time)

925 - 938 Friuli, Anscar II

938 - 950 Friuli, Lothario

945 - 950 Friuli, Berengar II (2nd Time)

950 - 962 Friuli, Guido II

962 - 989 Friuli, Conrado

989 - 1000 Friuli, Arduin I (1st Time)

1001 - 1002 Manfredi, Olderic

1002 - 1004 Friuli, Arduin I (2nd Time)

1004 - 1015 Friuli, Arduin II

1638 - 1648 Savoia, Tomasso Francesco, principe di Carignano

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Loritello

 

590 Part of Benevento

1053 - 1184 County of Loritello

1184 Part of Naples

 

Counts

1053 - 1061 Hauteville, Geoffroi

1061 - 1107 Hauteville, Roberto I

1107 - 1135 Hauteville, Roberto II

1135 - 1140 Hauteville, Guglielmo

1152 - 1184 Hauteville, Roberto III

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Lodi

971 Bishopric of Lodi

1212 - 1217 Commune

1294 - 1311 Republic

1348 - 1403 To Milan

1416 To Lombardy

 

Count-Bishops

971 - 1002 Andrea

1002 - 1027 Nocherio

1027 Olserico de Gossalenghi

1027 - 1051 Ambrogio Arluno

1051 - 1075 Opizzone

1103 - 1128 Arderico I Vignati

1128 - 1130 Allone

1130 - 1135 Guido

1135 - 1143 Giovanni

1143 - 1158 Lanfranco Cassini

1158 - 1168 Alberico I Merlino

1168 - 1174 Alberto Quadrelli

1174 - 1189 Alberico II del Corno

1189 - 1217 Alberico II del Corno

1251 - 1259 Sozzo Vistarini

1275 - 1285 Giacomo Sommariva

1285 - 1294 Antonio I Fissiraga

1311 - 1322 Enrico Fiandra

1322 - 1327 Bassiano Vistarina

1327 - 1328 Giacomo Vistarina

1328 - 1338 Pietro Temacoldi

1338 - 1348 Bruzi Visconti

1403 Antonio II Fissiraga

1403 - 1416 Giovanni Vignati

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Lucca

1107 - 1805 Republic of Lucca

1342 - 1368 Occuped by Pisa

04 Feb - 17 Jul 1799 French occupation (Republic of Lucca)

17 Jul 1799 - 09 Jul 1800 Austrian occupation (Commune of Lucca)

09 Jul - 15 Sep 1800 French occupation

15 Sep - 09 Oct 1800 Austrian occupation

09 Oct 1800 - 17 Mar 1814 French occupation (Republic of Lucca)

24 Jun 1805 Principality of Lucca

17 Mar - 06 Apr 1814 Occupied by Naples

07 Apr 1814 State of Lucca

07 Apr 1814 - 22 Apr 1817 Austrian occupation

22 Nov 1817 Duchy of Lucca

05 Oct 1847 Annexed by Tuscany

 

Counts

812 - 823 Bonifacio I

823 - 838 Bonifacio II

838 - 884 Adalberto

Margrave

1032 Rainiero

Consuls General (rotating every two months)

1314 - 1316 Uguccione della Faggiuola

1316 - 1328 Castruccio Castracani Antelminelli

1328 Enrico Antelminelli

1328 - 1329 Wittelsbach, Ludwig IV

1329 Francesco Antelminelli

1329 Marco Visconti

1329 - 1331 Gerardo Spinola

1331 - 1333 Luxemburg, Jan of Bohemia

1333 - 1335 Marsilio Rossi

1335 - 1341 Mastino della Scala

1... - 23 May 1805 .....

Prince

23 May 1805 - 14 Mar 1814 Felice I Pasquale Baciochi .......................... 1762-1814

Governors

03 May - 11 May 1814 Antonio Capece Minutolo, principe di Canosa ......... 1768-1838

11 May 1814 - 01 Mar 1815 Anton von Starhemberg ............................... 1776-1842

01 Mar 1815 - 22 Nov 1817 Joseph Werklein ..................................... 1777-1892

Dukes

22 Nov 1817 - 13 Mar 1824 Bourbon, Maria Luisa ................................ 1782-1824

13 Mar 1824 - 05 Oct 1847 Bourbon-Parma, Carlo I Ludovico ..................... 1799-1883

Prefect

10 Mar 1809 – 14 Mar 1814 Antoine-Marie-Pierre de Hautmesnil

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Mantova (Mantua)

988 Lordship of Mantua

12.. Republic of Mantua

22 Sep 1433 Marquisate of Mantua

08 Apr 1530 Duchy of Mantua

02 Apr 1707 Habsburg rule

30 Jun 1708 United with Milan

1797 - 1814 Part of Napoleonic Italy

1814 Part of Lombardy

 

Count-Bishops

859-894 Egilulf

918-924 Ambrogio

945-961 Pietro

961-967 Guglielmo

967-981 Martino

970 - 988 Cannosa, Adalberto Atto

981-985 Gumbaldo

985-1006 Giovanni

Lords

988 - 1012 Canossa, Tedaldo

1012 - 06 May 1052 Canossa, Boniface I

06 May 1052 - 24 Jul 1115 Canossa, Matilda ................................... 1046-1115

Rectors and Captains General

12.. - 28 Jul 1272 Alberto Casaloldi

28 Jul 1272 - 09 Sep 1291 Bonacolsi, Pinamonte

09 Sep 1291 - 02 Jul 1299 Bonacolsi, Bardellone

02 Sep 1299 - 21 Jan 1309 Bonacolsi, Guido I

21 Jan 1309 - 16 Aug 1328 Bonacolsi, Rainaldo I

16 Aug 1328 - 18 Jan 1360 Gonzaga, Luigi I ................................... 1268-1360

18 Jan 1360 - 22 Sep 1369 Gonzaga, Guido II .................................. 1290-1369

22 Sep 1369 - 04 Oct 1382 Gonzaga, Luigi II .................................. 1334-1382

04 Oct 1382 - 07 Mar 1407 Gonzaga, Gian Francesco I .......................... 1366-1407

Marquesses

07 Mar 1407 - 25 Feb 1444 Gonzaga, Giovanni Francesco I ...................... 1394-1444

20 Mar 1407 - 13 Sep 1429 Carlo Malatesta .................................... 1638-1429

(regent)

25 Feb 1444 - 11 Jun 1478 Gonzaga, Luigi III ................................. 1412-1478

11 Jun 1478 - 14 Jul 1484 Gonzaga, Frederico I ............................... 1441-1486

14 Jul 1484 - 29 Mar 1519 Gonzaga, Giovanni Francesco II ..................... 1466-1519

1509 - 1510 Isabella d'Este

(acting regent for her imprisoned husband)

Dukes

29 Mar 1519 - 28 Jun 1540 Gonzaga, Frederico II .............................. 1500-1540

28 Jun 1540 - 22 Feb 1550 Gonzaga, Francesco II .............................. 1533-1550

28 Jun 1540 - 23 Apr 1556 Regents

- Margherita, marchioness del Monferrato ............. 1510-1566

- Ercole Cardinale Gonzaga ........................... 1505-1563

21 Feb 1550 - 14 Aug 1587 Gonzaga, Guglielmo II .............................. 1538-1597

14 Aug 1587 - 18 Feb 1612 Gonzaga, Vincenzo I ................................ 1562-1612

18 Feb - 22 Dec 1612 Gonzaga, Francesco III ............................. 1586-1612

22 Dec 1612 - 29 Oct 1626 Gonzaga, Ferrante .................................. 1587-1626

29 Oct 1626 - 25 Dec 1627 Gonzaga, Vincenzo II ............................... 1594-1627

17 Jan 1628 - 20 Sep 1637 Gonzaga, Carlo I ................................... 1580-1637

20 Sep 1637 - 14 Aug 1665 Gonzaga, Carlo II .................................. 1629-1665

20 Sep 1637 - 30 Oct 1647 Maria Gonzaga ...................................... 1609-1660

(regent)

14 Aug 1665 - 30 Aug 1669 Isabella Clara von Österreich ...................... 1629-1685

(regent)

14 Aug 1665 - 30 Jun 1708 Gonzaga, Carlo III ................................. 1625-1708

09 Sep 1702 - 19 Nov 1703 Anna Isabella Gonzaga

(regent)

30 Jun 1708 - 02 Feb 1797 The Dukes of Milan

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Massa e Carrara (Massa and Carrara)

08 Dec 1442 Lordship of Massa

12 Aug 1448 Lordship of Carrara

22 Feb 1473 Carrara sold to Massa, Marquisate of Massa and Carrara

23 Aug 1568 Principality of Massa and Marquisate of Carrara

05 May 1664 Duchy of Massa and Principality of Carrara

30 Jun 1796 - 1814 Occupied by France

19 May 1797 - 1814 Part of Napoleonic Italy

1806 - 1814 Titles given to the sister of Napoleon I Buonaparte

04 May 1814 Duchy of Massa and Principality of Carrara (restored)

14 Nov 1829 Inherited by Modena

25 Mar 1848 Occupied by Tuscany

12 May - 10 Aug 1848 Annexed by Tuscany

11 Jun 1859 Annexed by Piedmonte-Sardinia

 

Lords of Carrara

12 Aug 1448 - Aug 1467 Fregoso, Spinetta di Spinetta ..................... 1405-1467

Aug 1467 - 22 Feb 1473 Fregoso, Antoniotto Fileremo ...................... 1460-1532

Lords of Massa

08 Dec 1442 - 09 Apr 1445 Malaspina, Antonio Iberico I,

marchese di Fosdinovo ............................ 139.-1445

09 Apr 1445 - 22 Feb 1473 Malaspina, Giacomo ................................ 142.-1481

Marchese

22 Feb 1473 - 18 May 1481 Malaspina, Giacomo

18 May 1481 - 13 Apr 1519 Malaspina, Alberico ............................... 14..-1519

13 Apr 1519 - 20 Sep 1546 Malaspina, Ricciarda (1st Time) ................... 1497-1553

28 May 1520 - 26 Sep 1541 Kybo, Lorenzo ..................................... 1500-1549

(regent)

20 Sep 1546 - 20 Mar 1547 Kybo-Malaspina, Giulio I .......................... 1525-1548

20 Mar - 27 Jun 1547 Innocenzo di Francesco Cardinale Kybo ............. 1491-1550

(regent)

27 Jun 1547 - 15 Jun 1553 Malaspina, Ricciarda (2nd Time)

Princes

15 Jun 1553 - 18 Jan 1623 Kybo-Malaspina, Alberico I

18 Jan 1623 - 13 Feb 1662 Kybo-Malaspina, Carlo I ........................... 1581-1662

Dukes

13 Feb 1662 - 29 Jan 1690 Kybo-Malaspina, Alberico II ....................... 1607-1690

29 Jan 1690 - 07 Dec 1710 Kybo-Malaspina, Carlo II .......................... 1631-1710

07 Dec 1710 - 20 Nov 1715 Kybo-Malaspina, Alberico III ...................... 1674-1715

20 Nov 1715 - 18 Aug 1731 Kybo-Malaspina, Alderano .......................... 1690-1731

18 Aug 1731 - 25 Dec 1790 Kybo-Malaspina, Maria Theresa ..................... 1725-1790

18 Aug 1731 - 23 Jun 1744 Ricciarda Gonzaga di Novellara .................... 1698-1768

(regent)

25 Dec 1790 - 30 Jun 1796 Kybo-Malaspina, Maria Beatrice Ricciarda .......... 1750-1829

(1st Time)

31 Mar 1806 - 13 Mar 1814 Bonaparte, Maria Anna "Elisa" ..................... 1777-1829

04 May 1814 - 14 Nov 1829 Kybo-Malaspina, Maria Beatrice Ricciarda

(2nd Time)

14 Nov 1829 - 11 Jun 1859 The Dukes of Modena

Commissioner for Sardinia

1859 - 1860 Alessandro Gustavo Giorgio Filippo

Maria Ponza, conte di San Martino ................ 1810-1876

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Matelica

 

1165 - 1345 Republic of Matelica

1345 Lordship of Matelica

1545 - 1549 To the Papal States

1566 - 1572 To the Papal States

1578 To the Papal States thereafter

 

Lords

1... - 1... Ottoni, Morico

11.. - 1165 Ottoni, Attone

Consuls

1185 Guarnerio Ottoni

1239 - 1248 Alberto Ottoni

1276 Federico Ottoni (1st Time)

1278 - 1320 Albertuccio Ottoni

1278 - 1323 Federico Ottoni (2nd Time)

1306 - 1339 Borgaruccio Ottoni

13.. - 13.. Brandaligi Ottoni

Lords

1345 - 1362 Ottoni, Guido I

1362 - 1415 Ottoni, Francesco I

1415 - 1443 Ottoni, Guido II

1443 - 1461 Ottoni, Francesco II

1462 - 1481 Ottoni, Antonio I

1481 - 1485 Ottoni, Alessandro

1485 - 1502 Ottoni, Ranuccio (1st Time)

20 Jul - 02 Sep 1502 Borgia, Cesare I

02 Sep 1502 - 1503 Borgia, Giovanni I

1503 - 1510 Ottoni, Ranuccio (2nd Time)

1510 - 1520 Ottoni, Giovanni II

1520 - 1537 Ottoni, Ascanio

1537 - 1543 Ottoni, Cesare II

1543 - 1545 Ottoni, Antonio II Maria (1st Time)

1549 - 1554 Ottoni, Antonio II Maria (2nd Time)

1554 - 1559 Ottoni, Antonio (III)

(usurper)

1559 - 1564 Ottoni, Antonio II Maria (3rd Time)

1564 - 1566 Ottoni, Pirro (1st Time)

1572 - 1578 Ottoni, Pirro (2nd Time)

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Melfi

1425 Duchy of Melfi(autonomous within Naples)

1531 To Naples

 

Dukes

1425 - 1432 Caraciollo, Sergianni I

1432 - 1449 Caraciollo, Trojan I

1449 - 1487 Caraciollo, Sergianni II

Princes

1495 - 1520 Caraciollo, Trojan II

1520 - 1528 Caraciollo, Sergianni III

1528 - 1530 Chalon-Arley, Filiberto

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Messerano

Part of Iveria

29 May 1394 County of Messerano and Crevacuore

05 Aug 1547 Marquisate of Masserano

13 Aug 1598 Principality of Masserano and Marquisate of Crevacuore

20 Mar 1767 To Piedmonte-Sardinia

 

Counts

1394 - 1412 Fieschi, Antonio

1412 - 03 Apr 1423 Fieschi, Ludovico I

03 Apr 1423 - 1492 Fieschi, Innocenzo

1492 - 03 May 1531 Fieschi, Piero Luca I

1492 - 1512 Fieschi, Ludovico II

1521 Fieschi, Giovanni Giorgio

15.. - 1528 Fieschi, Piero Luca II

Marchese

03 May 1531 - 05 Aug 1547 Fieschi, Filiberto ................................. 1504-1559

05 Aug 1547 - 06 Oct 1584 Fieschi, Besso ..................................... 1528-1584

06 Oct 1584 - 15 Sep 1629 Fieschi, Francesco Filiberto ....................... 1567-1629

15 Sep 1629 - 02 Jan 1667 Fieschi, Paolo Besso ............................... 1608-1667

02 Jan 1667 - 08 Jun 1685 Fieschi, Francesco Ludovico ........................ 1638-1685

08 Jun 1685 - 10 May 1720 Fieschi, Carlo Besso ............................... 1663-1720

10 May 1720 - 01 Oct 1743 Fieschi, Vittorio Amadeo ........................... 1687-1743

01 Oct 1743 - 20 Mar 1767 Fieschi, Vittorio Filippo .......................... 1723-1777

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Molise

 

1196 To the Kingdom of Naples

 

Counts

1053 - 1059 Rodolfo I

1080 Guidmondo

1092 - 1095 Rodolfo II

1095 - 1113 Ugo I

1113 - 1117 Simone

1117 - 1128 Roberto

1028 - 1160 Ugo II

1166 - 1170 Riccardo

1170 - 1196 Ruggiero

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Mirandola e Concordia

1311 Lordship of Mirandola

27 Nov 1321 - 23 Dec 1354 Union with Mantua

23 Dec 1354 Subject to the Emperor under the Pica family

18 Feb 1432 Lordship of Mirandola and County of Concordia

18 Oct 1596 Principality of Mirandola and Lordship of Concordia

07 Nov 1602 Principality of Mirandola and Marquisate of Concordia

1619 Duchy of Mirandola and Marquisate of Concordia

04 Jul 1708 - 1711 Imperial administration

03 Apr 1711 Aquired by the Duke of Modena

1735 - 1742 Spanish occupation

1742 - 1748 French occupation

1796 - 1814 Part of Napoleonic Italy

 

 

8.. - 8.. Manfredo di Mosezzo

8.. - 896 Maginfredo di Milano

8.. - 899 Ugo di Maginfredo

9.. - 967 Manfredo di Ugo

9.. - 1019 Guido

1019 - 10.. Roberto

10.. - 1047 Adalberto

10.. - 1096 Manfredo

10.. -11.. Alberto di Manfredo

11.. - 1154 Pico de'Manfredi

11.. - 1213 Mafredino

12.. - 12.. Bartolomeo

Lords

1311 - 27 Nov 1321 Pico, Francesco I .................................. 1272-1311

23 Dec 1354 - 1399 Pico, Francesco II

1399 - Sep 1457 Pico, Francesco III

1399 - 1429 Pico, Ajace

1399 - 15 Nov 1451 Pico, Giovanni I

15 Nov 1451 - 11 Feb 1467 Pico, Gianfrancesco I .............................. 1415-1467

24 Feb 1463 - 21 Nov 1494 Giovanni Pico conti della Mirandola,

e della Concordia ................................. 1463-1494

(Heir apparent)

12 Feb 1467 - 07 Apr 1499 Pico, Galeotto I ................................... 1442-1499

09 Apr 1499 - 06 Aug 1502 Pico, Gianfrancesco II (1st Time) .................. 1469-1533

06 Aug 1502 - 15 Dec 1509 Pico, Ludovico I ................................... 1469-1509

1502 Pico, Federico I ................................... 14..-1502

(co-ruler)

20 Dec 1509 - 20 Jan 1511 Pico, Galeotto II (1st Time) ....................... 1508-1551

20 Dec 1509 - 20 Jan 1511 Francesca Trivulzio ................................ 149.-1560

(regent)

20 Dec 1509 - 20 Jan 1511 Roberto, conte Boschetti ........................... 1472-1529

(co-regent)

20 Jan - May 1511 Pico, Gianfrancesco II (2nd Time)

May 1511 - 1514 Pico, Galeotto II (2nd Time)

1514 - 1533 Pico, Gianfrancesco II (3rd Time)

15 Oct 1533 - 20 Nov 1550 Pico, Galeotto II (3rd Time)

14 Dec 1550 - 18 Nov 1568 Pico, Ludovico II .................................. 1527-1568

18 Nov 1568 - 18 Oct 1596 Pico Galeotto III .................................. 1563-1597

18 Nov 1568 - 07 Oct 1590 Fulvia da Correggio ................................ 1543-1590

(regent)

Princes and Counts

18 Oct 1596 - 18 Nov 1597 Pico, Galeotto III ................................. s.a

16 Aug 1597 - 07 Sep 1602 Pico, Federico II .................................. 1564-1602

07 Sep 1602 - 1619 Pico, Alessandro I ................................. 1566-1637

Dukes and Marquesses

1619 - 02 Sep 1637 Pico, Alessandro I ................................. s.a

02 Sep 1637 - 02 Feb 1691 Pico, Alessandro II ................................ 1631-1691

02 Feb 1691 - 04 Jul 1708 Pico, Francesco Maria II ........................... 1688-1747

02 Feb 1691 - 1704 Brigitta Pico ...................................... 1636-1720

(regent)

04 Jul 1708 - 03 Apr 1711 Conte Achille Tacoli ............................... 1655-1722

(Administrator)

03 Apr 1711 - 11 Jun 1859 The Dukes of Modena

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Montechiarugolo

06 Oct 1406 Lordship of Montechiarugolo in union with Guastalla

06 Jul 1428 County of Montechiarugolo

12 Oct 1456 Separated from Guastalla

01 Jun 1500 - 16 Feb 1504 French occupation

10 Nov 1611 Last count arrested under the orders of Ranuccio of Farnese,

sentenced to death and executed on 19 May 1612

04 May 1612 Annexed to Parma

 

Counts

09 Oct 1406 - 08 Jul 1449 Torelli, Guido di Marsilio ........................ 1379-1449

08 Jul 1449 - 06 Mar 1460 Torelli, Cristoforo I ............................. 140.-1460

06 Mar 1460 - 12 Oct 1456 Torelli, Pietro Guido I ........................... 141.-1460

06 Mar 1460 - 1462 Torelli, Marcantonio .............................. 144.-1462

1462 - 15 Aug 1490 Torelli, Marsilio ................................. 144.-1490

15 Aug 1490 - 1497 Torelli, Cristoforo II (1st Time) ................. 147.-1543

15 Aug 1490 - 1497 Paola Secco

(regent)

Feb 1497 - Feb 1498 Torelli, Guido II ................................. 14..-1501

Feb 1498 - 01 Jun 1500 Torelli, Cristoforo II (2nd Time)

Apr 1504 - 06 Sep 1518 Torelli, Francesco ................................ 14..-1578

06 Sep 1518 - 02 Jan 1545 Torelli, Paolo .................................... 1509-1545

06 Sep 1518 - 02 Mar 1527 Damigella Trivulzio ............................... 14..-1527

(regent)

02 Jan 1545 - 09 Apr 1608 Torelli, Pomponio ................................. 1539-1608

02 Jan 1545 - Dec 1546 Beatrice Pico della Mirandola

(regent)

09 Apr 1608 - 04 May 1612 Torelli, Pio ...................................... 1578-1612

(arrested 10 Nov 1611)

_______________________________________________________________________________________

 

Montferrato

Paleologos After 1536

23 Mar 967 March of Montferrat

28 Dec 1536 In personal union with Mantua

23 Jan 1575 Duchy of Montferrat

05 Jun 1708 To Savoy

Margraves

924-933 Aleramici, Guglielmo I

933-969 Aleramici, Aledram I

969-991 Aleramici, Oddone I

991-1042 Aleramici, Guglielmo II

1042 - 20 Nov 1084 Aleramici, Oddone II

1042-1059 Aleramici, Guglielmo III

1084-1100 Aleramici, Guglielmo IV

1100-1027 Aleramici, Guglielmo V

1100-1136 Aleramici, Rainier I

1136-1191 Aleramici, Guglielmo I

1136-1177 Aleramici, Guglielmo VII

1136-1182 Aleramici, Rainier II

1191 - 1192 Aleramici, Corrado

1192 - 04 Sep 1207 Aleramici, Boniface I

04 Sep 1207 - 17 Sep 1226 Aleramici, Guglielmo VIII

17 Sep 1226 - 12 Jun 1255 Aleramici, Boniface II

12 Jun 1255 - 06 Feb 1292 Aleramici, Guglielmo IX

1290 - 1305 Aleramici, Giovanni I

16 Sep 1305 - 21 Apr 1338 Palaeologos, Theodor I

21 Apr 1338 - 20 Mar 1372 Palaeologos, Giovanni II

20 Mar 1372 - 16 Dec 1378 Palaeologos, Oddone III

16 Dec 1378 - 25 Aug 1381 Palaeologos, Giovanni III

25 Aug 1381 - 26 Aug 1418 Palaeologos, Theodor II ............................ 1364-1518

26 Aug 1418 - 13 Mar 1445 Palaeologos, Giovanni Giacomo ...................... 1395-1445

13 Mar 1445 - 29 Jan 1464 Palaeologos, Giovanni IV ........................... 1412-1445

29 Jan 1464 - 28 Feb 1483 Palaeologos, Guglielmo X ........................... 1420-1483

28 Feb 1483 - 1494 Palaeologos, Boniface III .......................... 1424-1494

Mar 1494 - 03 Oct 1518 Palaeologos, Guglielmo XI .......................... 1486-1518

Mar 1494 - 27 Aug 1495 Princess Marija Brankovic of Serbia ................ 1466-1495

(regent)

04 Oct 1518 - 17 Oct 1530 Palaeologos, Bonifacio IV .......................... 1512-1530

04 Oct 1518 - 17 Oct 1530 Anne d'Alençon ..................................... 1492-1562

(regent)

17 Oct 1530 - 30 Apr 1533 Palaeologos, Giovanni Georgio ...................... 1488-1533

(regent for Bonifacio IV)

30 Apr 1533 - 28 Dec 1536 Palaeologos, Margherita ............................ 1510-1566

28 Dec 1536 - 28 Jun 1540 Gonzaga, Frederico

28 Jun 1540 - 21 Feb 1550 Gonzaga, Francesco I

Dukes

21 Feb 1550 - 14 Aug 1587 Gonzaga, Guglielmo XII

14 Aug 1587 - 09 Feb 1612 Gonzaga, Vincenzo I

09 Feb - 22 Dec 1612 Gonzaga, Francesco II

22 Dec 1612 - 29 Oct 1626 Gonzaga, Fernando I

29 Oct 1626 - 25 Dec 1627 Gonzaga, Vincenzo II

25 Dec 1627 - 22 Sep 1637 Gonzaga, Carlo I

22 Sep 1637 - 14 Aug 1665 Gonzaga, Carlo II

14 Aug 1665 - 05 Jul 1708 Gonzaga, Carlo III

________________________________________________________________________________________