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Mexico

1372 Ēxcān Tlahtōlōyān (Aztec Empire)

31 Aug 1521 - 28 Sep 1821 Virreinato de Nueva España (Spainish colony of New Spain)

11 May 1535 Viceroyalty of New Spain

16 Sep 1810 - 19 Mar 1811 Independence revolt

06 Nov 1813 - 15 Dec 1815 Independence insurrection against Spain

28 Sep 1821 Imperio Mexicano (Mexican Empire)

Mar 1823 Independence of Central America

29 Mar 1823 Mexico

10 Oct 1824 - 31 Dec 1836 Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican State)

02 Mar 1836 Texas Independent

01 Jan 1837 - 22 Aug 1846 Republica Mexicanos

22 Aug 1846 Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican State)

02 Feb 1848 Upper California, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico,

Nevada and Utah ceded to the United States

1857 - 1861 Guerro de Reforma (Reform War)

31 May 1863 Under French occupation

11 Jul 1863 - 15 May 1867 Imperio Mexicano (Mexican Empire)

15 May 1867 Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican State)

20 Nov 1910 - 1920 Mexican Revolution

Pre-Colombian Mexico

Toltec

... - ... Chalchiuh Tlatonac

... - ... Mixcoamazatzin

869 - 875 Huetzin

875 - 877 Mixcoatl Totepeuh

877 - 923 Ihuitimal

923 - 947 Topiltzin Ce Acatal Quetzalcoatl

947 - 983 Matlacxochitzin

983 - 997 Nauhyotzin

997 - 1025 Matlacoatzin

1025 - 1047 Tlilcoatzin

1047 - 1122 Huemac

Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan (Aztec Emperors)

1325 - 1376 Tenoch

1376 - 1395 Acamapachtli .......................... 1357-1395

1395 - 1417 Huitzilaihuiltl ....................... 1379-1417

1417 - 1427 Chimalpopoca .......................... 1397-1427

1427 - 1440 Itzcoatl

1440 - 1469 Moctezuma I ........................... 1398-1469

1469 - 1481 Axayacati ............................. 14..-1481

1481 - 1486 Tizoc ................................. 14..-1486

1486 - 1502 Ahuizolt .............................. 14..-1502

1502 - 1520 Moctezuma II .......................... 1466-1520

1520 Cuitálhuac ............................ 1476-1520

1520 - 1521 Cuaumhtémoc ........................... 1502-1524

1525 - 1526 Diego Velazquez Tloctzin

1526 - 1530 Andrés de Tapia Motelchiuch

1532 - 1536 Pablo Xochiquentzin ................... 15..-1536

1539 - 1541 Diego Huanitzin

1541 - 1554 Diego de San Francisco Tehuetzquitizin 15..-1554

1557 - 1562 Cristobal de Guzman Cecetzin

30 Sep 1563 - 27 Dec 1565 Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin ... 15..-1565

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First Mexican Empire

Emperors

24 Aug 1821 - 19 Mar 1823 Aramburu, Agustín I de Iturbide ....... 1783-1824

19 Jul 1824 - 10 Apr 1864 Aramburu, Agustín II de Iturbide ...... 1807-1866

(in rebellion)

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Mexico 1823-1920

Presidents

01 Oct 1824 - 01 Apr 1829 Gyadalupe José Miguel Ramón

Adaucto Fernández y Félix Victoria

01 Apr - 17 Dec 1829 Vincente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña

17 Dec - 23 Dec 1829 José María Bocanegra y Villalpando

23 Dec - 31 Dec 1829 José Pedro Vélez Zúñiga

01 Jan 1830 - 24 Dec 1832 Anastasio Bustamante y Oseguera

14 Aug - 24 Dec 1832 José Ventura Melchor Ciriaco

de Eca y Múzquiz de Arrieta (acting)

24 Dec 1832 - 01 Apr 1833 Manuel Gómez Pedraza y Rodríguez

01 Apr - 16 May 1833 José María Valentín Gómez Faríaz

(1st Time)

16 May 1833 - 28 Feb 1835 Antonio de Padua Maria López

de Santa y Pérez de Lebrón Anna

(1st Time)

28 Feb 1835 - 27 Feb 1836 Miguel Francisco Barragán Andrade

27 Feb 1836 - 19 Apr 1837 José Justo Corro

19 Apr 1839 - 01 Feb 1844 Antonio de Padua Maria López

de Santa y Pérez de Lebrón Anna

(2nd Time)

18 Sep - 10 Oct 1841 Francsico Javier Echeverría Mignoni

07 Dec 1844 - 30 Dec 1845 José Joaquín Antonio Florencio

de Herrera y Ricardos (1st Time)

30 Dec 1845 - 02 Jan 1846 Mariano José Joaquín Augustín

Paredes y Arillaga

02 Jan - 04 Aug 1846 José Mariano de Salas

24 Dec 1846 - 21 Mar 1847 José María Valentín Gómez Faríaz

(2nd Time)

04 Jun - 17 Dec 1847 Antonio de Padua Maria López

de Santa y Pérez de Lebrón Anna

(3rd Time)

13 Nov 1847 - 03 Jun 1848 Pedro María de Anaya y de Álvarez

08 Jan - 03 Jun 1848 José Manuel de la Peña y Peña

03 Jun 1848 - 15 Jan 1851 José Joaquín Antonio Florencio

de Herrera y Ricardos (2nd Time)

15 Jan 1851 - 06 Jan 1853 Mariano Arista Luna

06 Jan - 08 Feb 1853 Juan Bautista Ceballos

08 Feb - 20 Apr 1853 Manuel Apolinario José María

Lombardini de la Torre

20 Apr 1853 - 12 Aug 1855 Antonio de Padua Maria López

de Santa y Pérez de Lebrón Anna

(4th Time)

13 Aug - 12 Sep 1855 Martín Carrera Sabat

12 Sep - 15 Nov 1855 Rómulo Díaz de la Vega

15 Nov 1855 - 15 Sep 1856 Juan Álvarez Benitez

15 Sep 1856 - 21 Jan 1858 Ignacio Giorgio Comonfort

de los Ríos

19 Jan 1858 - 18 Jul 1872 Benito Pablo Juárez García ............ 1806-1872

(in opposition to 15 May 1867,

in Mexico City 11 Jan 1861 - 31 May 1863)

21 Jan - 23 Jan 1858 Félix María Zuloaga Trillo ............ 1813-1868 Mil

(1st Time, General-in-chief)

23 Dec 1858 - 21 Jan 1859 José Manuel Susano de la Luz

Robles Penzuela ...................... 1817-1862

(acting)

21 Jan - 23 Jan 1859 José Mariano de Salas Barbosa .........

23 Jan 1859 - 13 Aug 1860 Félix María Zuloaga Trillo

(2nd Time)

15 Aug - 24 Dec 1860 Miguel Gregorio de la Luz

Atenógenes Miramón y Tarelo .......... 1831-1867

28 Dec 1860 - 23 Mar 1862 Félix María Zuloaga Trillo

(3rd Time)

21 Apr 1862 - 12 Jan 1863 Juan Nepomuceno Almonte ............... 1803-1869

12 Jan - 25 Jun 1863 Teodosio Lares ........................ 1806-1870

(President of the Governing Junta)

15 May 1867 - 18 Jul 1872 Benito Pablo Juárez García

19 Jul 1872 - 21 Nov 1876 Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada y Corral .... 1825-1889

21 Nov - 23 Nov 1876 José María Iglesias Inzaurraga ........ 1823-1891

(interim)

23 Nov 1876 - 30 Nov 1880 José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori .... 1830-1915

(1st Time)

01 Dec 1880 - 30 Nov 1884 Manuel del Refugio González Flores .... 1833-1893

01 Dec 1884 - 25 May 1911 José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori

(2nd Time)

25 May - 06 Nov 1911 Francisco León de la Barra y Quijano .. 1863-1939

06 Nov 1911 - 19 Feb 1913 Francisco Ignacio Madero González ..... 1873-1913

19 Feb 1913 Pedro José Domingo de la Calzada

Manuel María Lascuraín Paredes ....... 1858-1952

19 Feb 1913 - 15 Jul 1914 José Victoriano Huerta Márquez ........ 1854-1916

(interim)

15 Jul - 13 Aug 1914 Francisco Sebastián Carvajal y Gual ... 1870-1872

(interim)

20 Aug 1914 - 01 May 1917 José Venustiano Carranza Garza ........ 1859-1920

(1st Time, in opposition from 31 Oct 1914)

01 Oct 1914 - 29 Jul 1920 Francisco "Pancho" Villa .............. 1878-1923

(José Doroteo Arango Arámbula)

(commander of Division of the North;

in rebellion, in Chihuahua)

06 Nov 1914 - 16 Jan 1915 Eulalio Martín Gutiérrez Ortiz ........ 1881-1939

(provisional, continues in distance to 02 Jun 1915)

16 Jan - 10 Jun 1915 Roque Victoriano González de la Garza . 1885-1962

(acting)

10 Jun - 10 Oct 1915 Francisco Jerónimo de Jesús

Lagos Cházaro Mortero ................ 1878-1932

10 Oct 1915 - 07 May 1920 José Venustiano Carranza de la Garza

(2nd Time)

07 May - 30 Nov 1920 Felipe Adolfo de al Huerta Marcor ..... 1881-1955

(interim)

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Second Mexican Empire

Emperor

25 Jun 1863 - 20 May 1864 Regency

- Juan Nepomuceno Almonte ............... 1803-1869

- Juan Bautista de Ormaechea y Ernaíz ... 1812-1884

- Pelagio Antonio de Labastida

y Dávalos, Arzobispo de México ....... 1816-1891

- José Mariano de Salas ................. 1797-1867

10 Apr 1864 - 15 May 1867 Habsburg, Maximiliano José ............ 1832-1867

20 Apr - 12 Jun 1864 Juan Nepomuceno Almonte ............... s.a

(Lieunentent for the Emperor)

19 Mar - 15 May 1867 Leonardo Teófilo Guadalupe Ignacio,

Márquez Araujo ....................... 1820-1913

(Lieunentent for the Emperor)

 

 

Chairmen of the Council of Ministers

13 Jun 1864 - 06 Oct 1866 José María de la Asuncion

Juan Nepomuceno de Lacunza y Bengua .. 1809-1869

06 Oct 1866 - 19 Mar 1867 Teodosio Lares ........................ 1806-1870

19 Mar - 15 May 1867 Santiago Vidaurri Valdez .............. 1808-1867

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United Mexican States

Presidents

01 Dec 1920 - 30 Nov 1924 Álvaro Obregón Salido ................. 1880-1928

01 Dec 1924 - 30 Nov 1928 Plutarco Elías Calles ................. 1877-1945

01 Dec 1928 - 30 Nov 1930 Emilio Cándido Portes Gil ............. 1891-1978

01 Dec 1930 - 04 Sep 1932 Pascual Ortiz Rubio ................... 1877-1963

04 Sep 1932 - 30 Nov 1934 Abelardo Luján Rodríguez .............. 1889-1969

01 Dec 1934 - 30 Nov 1940 Lázaro Cárdenas del Río ............... 1895-1970

01 Dec 1940 - 30 Nov 1946 Manuel Ávila Camacho .................. 1897-1955 PRI

01 Dec 1946 - 30 Nov 1952 Miguel Alemán Váldez .................. 1900-1983 PRI

01 Dec 1952 - 30 Nov 1958 Adolfo Ruiz Cortines .................. 1891-1973 PRI

01 Dec 1958 - 30 Nov 1964 Adolfo López Mateos ................... 1910-1969 PRI

01 Dec 1964 - 30 Nov 1970 Gustavo Díaz Ordaz Bolañod Cacho ...... 1911-1979 PRI

01 Dec 1970 - 30 Nov 1976 Luis Echeverría Álvarez ............... 1922- PRI

01 Dec 1976 - 30 Nov 1982 José López Portillo y Pancheco ........ 1920-2004 PRI

01 Dec 1982 - 30 Nov 1988 Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado ........... 1934-2012 PRI

01 Dec 1988 - 30 Nov 1994 Carlos Salinas de Gortari ............. 1948- PRI

01 Dec 1994 - 30 Nov 2000 Ernisto Zedillo Ponce de León ......... 1951- PRI

01 Dec 2000 - 30 Nov 2006 Vincente Fox Quesada .................. 1942- PAN

01 Dec 2006 - 30 Nov 2012 Felipe de Jesús Calderón Hinojosa ..... 1962- PAN

01 Dec 2012 - Enrique Peña Nieto .................... 1966- PRI

 

 

PAN=Partido Acción Nacional (National Action Party, Conservative, Christian Democratic)

PRI=Partido Revolucionario Institucional(Institutional Revolutionary Party, Centerist)

PRD=Partido de la Revolución Democrática (Party of Democratic Revolution (Socialist)

 

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