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Moldova

Part of Roman Empire

Part of Dacia

Part of Kingdom of the Ghepids

c. 1300 Part of Moldavia

14 Jul 1484 Annexed by Ottoman Empire

Oct 1788 Principality of Moldova occupied by Russia

Mar 1792 Jedisan ceded to Russian by Ottomans by Treaty of Iasi

28 May 1812 Bessarabia annexed by Russian Empire

29 Apr 1818 Bessarabia an oblast of the Russian Empire

15 Dec 1917 - 09 Apr 1918 Democratic Republic of Moldavia

09 Apr 1918 - 28 Jun 1940 Incorporated in to Romania

28 Jun 1940 Bessarabia annexed by the Soviet Union

02 Aug 1940 Accession to the USSR

16 Jul 1941 - 24 Aug 1944 Re-incorporated in to Rumania

24 Aug 1944 - 31 Dec 1991 Annexed by USSR, Moldavian SSR

15 Sep 1947 Romania recognises Soviet sovereignty over Bessarabia

23 Jun 1990 Declaration of State Sovereignty

02 Sep 1990 Transdinistria declares independence (not recognised)

23 May 1991 Republic of Moldova

27 Aug 1991 Independence declared, effective 31 Dec 1991

07 Mar 1994 Referendum rejects union with Romania

 

Presidents of the National Diet

04 Dec 1917 - 12 Apr 1918 Ion Constantin Inculet ............................ 1884-1940

12 Apr - 08 Dec 1918 Constantin Gherghe Stere .......................... 1865-1936

08 Dec - 10 Dec 1918 Pantelimon Nicolae Halippa ........................ 1883-1979

Presidents

03 Sep 1990 - 15 Jan 1997 Mircea Ion Snegur ................................. 1940-

15 Jan 1997 - 07 Apr 2001 Petru Chiril Lucinschi ............................ 1940-

07 Apr 2001 - 11 Sep 2009 Vladimir Nicolae Voronin .......................... 1941-

11 Sep 2009 - 30 Dec 2010 Mihai Ghimpu ...................................... 1951-

(acting)

30 Dec 2010 - 23 Mar 2012 Marian Lupu ....................................... 1966-

(acting)

23 Mar 2012 - 23 Dec 2016 Nicolae Vasile Timofti ............................ 1948-

23 Dec 2016 - Igor Dodon ........................................ 1975-

Chairmen of the General Directory

04 Dec 1917 - 01 Feb 1918 Pantelimon Vasile Erhan ........................... 1884-1971

01 Feb - 09 Apr 1918 Daniel Alexandru Ciuhureanu ....................... 1885-1950

09 Apr - 10 Dec 1918 Petru Cazacu ...................................... 1873-1956

Prime Ministers

26 May 1990 - 28 May 1991 Mircea Gheorghe Druc .............................. 1941-

28 May 1991 - 01 Jul 1992 Valeriu Tudor Muravschi ........................... 1949-

01 Jul 1992 - 24 Jan 1997 Andrei Sangheli ................................... 1944-

24 Jan 1997 - 12 Mar 1999 Ion Ciubuc ........................................ 1943-

12 Mar - 21 Dec 1999 Ion Struza ........................................ 1960-

21 Dec 1999 - 19 Apr 2001 Dumitru Braghis ................................... 1957-

19 Apr 2001 - 31 Mar 2008 Vasile Petru Tarlev ............................... 1963-

31 Mar 2008 - 14 Sep 2009 Zinaida Greceanîi ................................. 1956-

14 Sep - 25 Sep 2009 Vitalie Pîrlog .................................... 1974-

(acting)

25 Sep 2009 - 25 Apr 2013 Vladimir Filat .................................... 1969-

25 Apr 2013 - 18 Feb 2015 Iurie Leancǎ ...................................... 1963-

18 Feb - 22 Jun 2015 Kiril Gaburich .................................... 1976-

22 Jun - 30 Jul 2015 Natalia Gherman ................................... 1969-

(acting)

30 Jul - 30 Oct 2015 Valeriu Strelet ................................... 1970-

30 Oct 2015 - 20 Jan 2016 Gheorghe Brega .................................... 1951-

20 Jan 2016 - Pavel Filip ....................................... 1966-

 

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Pridnestrovian Moldovian Republic (Transnistria)

1792 Russians found Tiraspol

17 Apr 1919 Soviet occupation

11 May 1919 Bessarabian Socialist Soviet Republic (part of Russia)

08 Aug 1919 - 12 Feb 1920 Occupied by White Russian forces

12 Feb 1920 Incorporated into Ukraine

11 Oct 1924 - 01 Aug 1940 Maldovian ASSR established within Ukrainian SSR

02 Aug 1940 Incorporated into Moldovian SSR annexed from Romania

18 Oct 1941 - 10 Apr 1944 Annexed to Romania

02 Sep 1990 Separation declared from Moldovian SSR but not USSR

08 Dec 1990 Declaration of state soveveignty

25 Aug 1991 Independence declared (not recognised)

05 Nov 1995 Transnistrian Moldovian Republic

17 Sep 2006 Referendum supports independence from Moldova with 97%

Capital: Tiraspol.

Language: Russian, Romanian, Ukrainian.

National Anthem: "My Slavim tjebja, Pridnestrovje" (We Glorify You, Transnistria).

National Day: Independence Day, 2nd September (1990).

Currency: Transnistrian Rubel.

Presidents

02 Sep 1990 - 30 Dec 2011 Igor Nikolayevich Smirnov ......................... 1941-

(Chairman of the Republic to 03 Dec 1991)

29 Aug - 01 Oct 1991 Andrey Panteleyevich Manoylov ..................... 1945-1995

(acting for inprisoned Smirnov)

30 Dec 2011 - 16 Dec 2016 Evgen Vasylovych Shevchuk ......................... 1968-

16 Dec 2016 - Vadim Nikolayevich Krasnosel'skii ................. 1970-

Prime Minister

18 Jan 2012 - 10 Jul 2013 Pyotr Petrovich Stepanov .......................... 1959-

10 Jul 2013 - 02 Dec 2015 Tetyana Mihaylivna Turanska ....................... 1972-

02 Dec - 23 Dec 2015 Maia Ivanovna Parnas .............................. 1974-

(acting from 13 Oct 2015)

23 Dec 2015 - 17 Dec 2016 Pavel Nikolayevich Prokudin ....................... 1966-

17 Dec 2016 - Aleksandr Vladimirovich Martynov .................. 1981-

Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet

25 Nov 1990 - 30 Jan 1991 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Gonchar ................... 1944-

30 Jan 1991 - 21 Dec 2005 Grigore Stepanovici Mǎrǎkutǎ ...................... 1942-

28 Dec 2005 - 08 Jul 2009 Yevgen Vasylovych Shevchuk ........................ s.a

22 Jul 2009 - 13 Jun 2012 Anatolii Volodymyrovych Kaminskii ................. 1950-

13 Jun 2012 - Mikhail Porfirovich Burla ......................... 1957-

 

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Gagauzia

1812 Gagauz settle in Bessarabia after Russian annexation

30 Mar 1856 - 13 Jul 1878 Area ceded to Romania

13 Jul 1878 Annexed to Russian Empire

Jan 1906 (5 days) Republic of Komrat in opposition during the Russian revolution

12 Nov 1989 Gaguz Autonomous S.S.R proclaimed but invalidated by the Maldavian S.S.R

19 Aug 1990 Gagauz Soviet Socialist Republic (invalidated by the Soviet government)

07 Oct 1992 Independence proclaimed

19 Jun 1995 Gagauz-Yeri Autonomous region

02 Feb 2014 Referendum supports close relations with CIS over EU

and a right to ceded in such a case as Moldova chooses

to unite with Romania

Leader

Jan 1906 Andrey Galatsan ................................... 1875-1943

Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet

31 Oct 1990 - 30 Nov 1991 Stepan Mikhailovich Topal ......................... 1938-

Heads of State

01 Dec 1991 - 19 Jun 1995 Stepan Mikhailovich Topal ......................... s.a

19 Jun 1995 - 24 Sep 1999 Georgiy Dimitryevich Tabunshchik .................. 1939-

(1st Time)

24 Sep 1999 - 10 Jul 2002 Dimitry Vasilyevich Kroytor ....................... 1959-

10 Jul - 29 Jul 2002 Ivan Kristioglo ................................... 1952-

(acting)

29 Jul - 09 Nov 2002 Georgiy Molla ..................................... 1950-

(interim)

09 Nov 2002 - 29 Dec 2006 Georgiy Dimitryevich Tabunshchik

(2nd Time)

29 Dec 2006 - 15 Apr 2015 Mihai Makarovich Formuzal ......................... 1959-

15 Apr 2015 - Irina Vlah ........................................ 1974-

 

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