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Al-Magrib/Umerruk

Part of Numidian Kingdom

Part of Roman Empire

Part of Islamic Caliphate

789-985 Beber Emirate

1063 - 1147 Part of Almoravid Sultanate

1147 - 1269 Part of Almohad Sultanate

1269 Moroccan Emirate

06 Jun 1666 Moroccan Sultanate

03 Nov 1884 - 26 Feb 1976 Spanish protectorate of Río de Oro (Western Sahara)

26 Aug 1860 - 04 Jan 1969 Ifni ceded to Spain by Treaty of Tetouan

04 Aug 1907 - 30 Mar 1912 French occupaion

30 Mar 1912 - 02 Mar 1956 French protectorate

30 Mar 1912 - 29 Oct 1956 Tangier an international protectorate

27 Nov 1912 - 07 Apr 1956 Spanish Morocco, Tarfaya, Rif and Ifni a protectorate

27 Nov 1912 - 01 Apr 1958 Tarfaya strip ceded to Spain

14 Aug 1957 - Kingdom of Morocco

26 Feb 1976 Western Sahara reincorporated in to Morocco

11 Aug 1979 Mauritanian Sahara ceded to Morocco

Monarchs

...-744 Barghawata, Tarif al-Matghari

744-789 Baraghawata, Salih ibn Tarif

789-791 Idrisid, Idis I

791-828 Idrisid, Idis II

828-836 Idrisid, Mustas I

836-849 Idrisid, Ali I

849-863 Idrisid, Yahya I

863-866 Idrisid, Yahya II

866-879 Idrisid, Ali II

879-905 Idrisid, Yahya III

905-925 Idrisid, Yahya IV

925-938 Idrisid, Al Hassan I

938-948 Idrisid, Qasim

948-954 Idrisid, Ahmad I

954-985 Idrisid, Al Hassan II

1195-1217 Marinid, Abdalh I

1217-1240 Marinid, Uthman I

1240-1244 Marinid, Muhammad I

1244-1258 Marinid, Abu Bakr I

1258-1259 Marinid, Umar I

1259-1286 Marinid, Yaqub I

1286-1307 Marinid, Yusif I

1307-1308 Marinid, Amir I

1308-1310 Marinid, Sulayman I

1310-1331 Marinid, Uthman II

1331-1351 Marinid, Ali I

1351-1358 Marinid, Faris I

1358-1359 Marinid, Muhammad II

1359-1361 Marinid, Ibrahim I

1361 Marinid, Tashufin I

1361-1362 Marinid, Abdal I

1362-1366 Marinid, Muhammad III

1366-1372 Marinid, Abdal Aziz I

1372-1374 Marinid, Muhammad IV

1374-1384 Marinid, Ahmad I (1st Time)

1384-1386 Marinid, Musa

1386 Marinid, Muhammad V

1386-1387 Marinid, Muhammad VI

1387-1393 Marinid, Ahmad I (2nd Time)

1393-1396 Marinid, Abdal Aziz II

1396-1398 Marinid, Abd Allah

1398-1420 Marinid, Uthman III

1420-1428 Marinid, Abdullah II

1428-1448 Marinid, Yahya I

1448-1458 Marinid, Ali II

1458-1459 Marinid, Yahya II

1510-1517 Marinid, Muhammad VII

1517-1557 Marinid, Mahammad I

1557-1574 Marinid, Abdullah III

1574-1576 Marinid, Muhammad VIII

1576-1578 Marinid, Abdal Malik

1631-1659 Alaouite, Asharif

1659-1664 Alaouite, Muhammed IX

Sultans

06 Jun 1666 - 09 Apr 1672 Alaouite, `Ali I ar-Rashid ................ 1631-1672

09 Apr - 14 Apr 1672 Alaouite, Muhammad I

14 Apr 1672 - 22 Mar 1727 Alaouite, Abu`n Nasr Isma`il

22 Mar 1727 - 05 Mar 1729 Alaouite, Abu`l Abbas Ahmad I ............. 1677-1729

13 Mar - 18 Jul 1728 Alaouite, `Abd al-Malik

05 Mar 1729 - 29 Sep 1734 Alaouite, `Abd-allah (1st Time) ........... 1694-1757

29 Sep 1734 - 12 May 1736 Alaouite, `Ali II

12 May - 08 Aug 1736 Alaouite, `Abd-allah (2nd Time)

08 Aug 1736 - 19 Jun 1738 Alaouite, Muhammed II "ibn al-`Arabiyya"

19 Jun 1738 - Feb 1740 Alaouite, al-Mustadi (1st Time) ........... 17..-1759

Feb 1740 - 13 Jun 1741 Alaouite, Abd-allah (3rd Time)

03 Feb 1742 - May 1743 Alaouite, al-Mustadi (2nd Time)

May 1745 - 1747 Alaouite, Abd-allah (4th Time)

1747 - 1748 Alaouite, al-Mustadi (3rd Time)

Oct 1748 Alaouite, Muhammed III (1st Time) ......... 1710-1790

Oct 1748 - 10 Nov 1757 Alaouite, Abd-allah (5th Time)

10 Nov 1757 - 11 Apr 1790 Alaouite, Muhammed III (2nd Time)

11 Apr 1790 - 15 Feb 1792 Alaouite, Yazid ........................... 1750-1792

15 Feb 1792 - 28 Nov 1822 Alaouite, Abu`r-Rabi Sulayman ............. 1760-1822

28 Nov 1822 - 28 Aug 1859 Alaouite, Abu al-Fadl `Abd ar-Rahman ...... 1778-1859

28 Aug 1859 - 11 Sep 1873 Alaouite, Muhammed IV ..................... 1803-1873

25 Sep 1873 - 07 Jun 1894 Alaouite, Hasan I ......................... 1827-1894

09 Jun 1894 - 04 Jan 1908 Alaouite, `Aziz al-`Aziz .................. 1878-1943

04 Jan 1908 - 12 Aug 1912 Alaouite, `Abd al-Hafiz ................... 1875-1937

18 Aug 1912 - 17 Nov 1927 Alaouite, Yusuf ........................... 1882-1927

18 Nov 1927 - 21 Aug 1953 Alaouite, Muhammed V ...................... 1909-1961

(1st Time)

21 Aug 1953 - 15 Oct 1955 Alaouite, Muhammed (VI) ibn `Arafa ........ 1889-1976

Kings

06 Nov 1955 - 26 Feb 1961 Alaouite, Muhammed V (2nd Time)

26 Feb 1961 - 23 Jul 1999 Alaouite, Hasan II ........................ 1929-1999

23 Jul 1999 - Alaouite, Muhammed VI ..................... 1963-

Prime Ministers

07 Dec 1955 - 12 May 1958 Bekkai Ben M'barek Lahbil ................. 1907-1961

12 May - 16 Dec 1958 Ahmed Balafrej ............................ 1908-1990

16 Dec 1958 - 20 May 1960 Abdallah Ibrahim .......................... 1918-2005

13 Nov 1963 - 07 Jun 1965 Ahmed Bahnini ............................. 1909-1971

07 Aug 1967 - 06 Oct 1969 Mohammed Benhima bin Taiyib ............... 1924-1992

06 Oct 1969 - 06 Aug 1971 Ahmed Laraki .............................. 1931-

06 Aug 1971 - 02 Nov 1972 Mohammed Karim Lamrani (1st Time) ......... 1919-

02 Nov 1972 - 22 Mar 1979 Ahmed Osman ............................... 1931-

22 Mar 1979 - 30 Nov 1983 Maati Bouabid ............................. 1927-1996

01 Dec 1983 - 30 Sep 1986 Mohammed Karim Lamrani (2nd Time)

01 Oct 1986 - 11 Aug 1992 Azzedine Laraki ........................... 1929-2010

11 Aug 1992 - 25 May 1994 Muhammed Karim Lamrani (3rd Time)

25 May 1994 - 04 Feb 1998 Abdellatif Filali ......................... 1928-2009

04 Feb 1998 - 09 Oct 2002 Abderrahmane Youssoufi .................... 1924-

09 Oct 2002 - 19 Sep 2007 Driss Jettou .............................. 1945-

19 Sep 2007 - 29 Nov 2011 Abbas El Fassi ............................ 1940-

29 Nov 2011 - 05 Apr 2017 Abdelilah Benkirane ....................... 1954- PJD

05 Apr 2017 - Saadeddine El Othmani ..................... 1956-

PJD=Parti de la Justice du Développement (Islamic democracy, Nationalism, Conservatism)

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Rif

18 Sep 1921 Independence, Rif Emirate

01 Feb 1923 Rif Republic

27 May 1926 Dissolved by Franco-Spanish forces

Head of State

18 Sep 1921 - 27 May 1926 Abd el-Krim ............................... 1882-1963

Prime Minister

Jul 1923 - 27 May 1926 ben Hajj Hatmi

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Western Sahara

1140 Part of Morocco

26 Dec 1884 - 26 Feb 1976 Spanish protectorate

27 Nov 1912 Part of Spanish Morocco

11 Jul 1936 Spanish nationalists take control

20 Jul 1946 - 10 Apr 1958 Spanish West Africa

12 Jan 1958 Overseas province of Spain

15 Oct 1975 ICJ advisory opinion recognises Moroccan and Mauritanian

claims, but advocates right of self dertemination for population

14 Nov 1975 Madrid Accords by which Spain cedes administartion

to Morocco and Mauritania

27 Nov 1975 Mauritanian-Moroccan invasion

26 Feb 1976 Spain refuses to accept Moroccan annexation

27 Feb 1976 Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic

14 Apr 1976 - 11 Aug 1979 Partitioned by Morocco and Mauritania

11 Aug 1979 Mauritanian part annexed by Morocco

Chairmen of the Revalutionary Council

27 Feb - 09 Jun 1976 El Wali Mustafa Sayid ..................... 1948-1976

09 Jun - 30 Jun 1976 Mahfoud Ali Beiba ......................... 1953-2010

(acting)

01 Jul 1976 - 16 Oct 1982 Mohammed Abdelaziz ben Khalili ben Mohamed

al-Bachir Er-Rguibi ...................... 1947-2016

Presidents

16 Oct 1982 - 31 May 2016 Mohammed Abdelaziz ben Khalili ben Mohamed

al-Bachir Er-Rguibi ...................... s.a

31 May - 09 Jul 2016 Khatri Addouh

(acting)

09 Jul 2016 - Ibrahim Ghali ............................. 1949-

Prime Ministers

05 Mar 1976 - 04 Nov 1982 Mohammed Lamine Ould Ahmed ................ 1947-

(1st Time)

04 Nov 1982 - 18 Dec 1985 Mahoud Ali Beiba .......................... s.a

(1st Time)

19 Dec 1985 - 16 Aug 1988 Mohammed Lamine Ould Ahmed (2nd Time)

16 Aug 1988 - 18 Sep 1993 Mahoud Ali Beiba (2nd Time)

19 Sep 1993 - 08 Sep 1995 Bouchraya Hammoudi Beyoun ................. s.a

(1st Time)

08 Sep 1995 - 10 Feb 1999 Mahoud Ali Beiba (3rd Time)

10 Feb 1999 - 29 Oct 2003 Bouchraya Hammoudi Beyoun (2nd Time)

29 Oct 2003 - Abdelkader Taleb Oumer .................... 1951-

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