Nederland

600 - 1018 Part of German Empire

900 - 1427 County of Holland

19 Jul 1425 Burgundian Netherlands

23 Dec 1482 Habsburg Netherlands

16 Jan 1556 Part of Spanish Netherlands

26 Jul 1581 Republic of the United Netherlands;

formal independence from Spain declared

24 Oct 1648 Independence recognised by Spain

22 Nov 1747 Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden (United Netherlands)

19 Jan 1795 - 13 Jul 1810 Occupied by France

16 May 1795 Bataafse Republiek (Batavian Republic)

29 Apr 1805 Batavian Commenwealth

06 Jun 1806 Koninkrijk Holland (Kingdom of Holland)

13 Jul 1810 - 21 Nov 1813 Annexed by France

21 Nov 1813 - 16 Mar 1815 Souvereine Vorstendom der Verëenigde Nederlanden (Sovereign Principality

of the United Netherlands)

16 Mar 1815 Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (Kingdom of the Netherlands; unofficially

Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (Kingdom of the United Netherland,

with Belgium to 1830 and Luxembourg to 1890)

16 Mar 1815 - 23 Nov 1890 Union with Luxembourg

04 Oct 1830 Independence of Belgium

19 Apr 1839 - 11 May 1867 Duchy of Limburg in personal union

with the Netherlands

10 May 1940 - 05 May 1945 Occupied by Germany

23 Apr 1949 - 11 Aug 1963 Annexation of certain German border areas

01 Jan 1958 Accession to the EEC

Republic of the United Netherlands

Stadhouder

26 Jul 1581 - 10 Jul 1584 Oranje-Nassau, Willem I, prins van Oranje ...... 1533-1584 "de Zwijger"

17 Dec 1587 - 23 Apr 1625 Oranje-Nassau, Maurits, prins van Oranje,

graaf van Nassau .............................. 1567-1625

23 Apr 1625 - 14 Mar 1647 Oranje-Nassau, Frederick Hendrik, prins van Oranje,

graaf van Nassau .............................. 1584-1647

14 Mar 1647 - 06 Nov 1650 Oranje-Nassau, Willem II, prins van Oranje,

graaf van Nassau .............................. 1626-1650

09 Jul 1672 - 08 Mar 1702 Oranje-Nassau, Willem III Hendrick, prins van Oranje,

graaf van Nassau .............................. 1650-1702

08 Mar 1702 - 22 Nov 1747 Vacant

22 Nov 1747 - 01 Jan 1751 Oranje-Nassau, Willem VI Karel Hendrick Friso,

prins van Oranje, graaf van Nassau ............ 1711-1751

01 Jan 1751 - 16 Feb 1795 Oranje-Nassau, Willem V Batavus, prins van Oranje,

graaf van Nassau .............................. 1748-1806

(in exile from 18 Jan 1795)

12 Jan 1759 - 08 Mar 1766 Ludwig Ernst von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel ..... 1718-1788

(Regent for Willem V)

09 Apr 1765 - 08 Mar 1766 Wilhelmina Carolina Oranje van Nassau .......... 1743-1787

(Regent for Willem V)

 

Raadspensionaris (Grand Pensioners)

09 Apr 1765 - 08 Mar 1766 Wilhelmina Carolina Oranje van Nassau .......... 1743-1787

1572 – 1584 Paulus Buys, heer van Zevenhoven ............... 1531-1594

16 Mar 1586 – 12 May 1619 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt,

heer van Berkel ................................ 1547-1619

12 May 1619 – 1621 Andries de Witt

1621 – 13 Sep 1629 Anthonie Duyck ................................. 1560-1629

1629 – 1631 Jacob Cats (1st Time) .......................... 1577-1660

1631 – 1636 Adriaan Pauw, heer van Heemstede ............... 1585-1653

1636 – 1651 Jacob Cats (2nd Time)

1651 – 23 Feb 1653 Adriaan Pauw, heer van Heemstede (2nd Time)

30 Jul 1653 – 20 Aug 1672 Johan de Witt, heer van Zuid

en Noord-Lindschoten ........................... 1625-1672

20 Aug 1672 – 05 Dec 1688 Gaspar Fagel ................................... 1634-1688

05 Dec 1688 – 24 Mar 1689 Michiel ten Hove ............................... 1640-1689

27 May 1689 – 03 Aug 1720 Anthonie Heinsius .............................. 1641-1720

12 Sep 1720 – 17 Jun 1727 Isaac van Hoornbeek ............................ 1655-1727

17 Jun 1727 – 01 Dec 1736 Simon van Slingelandt, heer van Patijnenburg ... 1664-1736

04 Apr 1737 – 07 Jul 1746 Anthonie van der Heim .......................... 1693-1746

07 Jul 1746 - 23 Sep 1747 Willem Buys .................................... 1661-1749

23 Sep 1747 – 18 Jun 1749 Jacob Gilles ................................... 1691-1765

18 Jun 1749 – 05 Nov 1772 Pieter Steyn ................................... 1706-1772

05 Nov 1772 – 09 Nov 1787 Pieter van Bleiswijk ........................... 1724-1790

09 Nov 1787 – 09 Feb 1795 Laurens Pieter van Spiegel ..................... 1736-1800

____________________________________________________________________________________

Batavian Republic

Presidents of the Staten-Generaal (General Estates)

18 Jan - 25 Jan 1795 Frants Pierre Willem

van Schuylenburg .............................. 1767-1818

25 Jan - 01 Feb 1795 ....

01 Feb - 08 Feb 1795 ....

08 Feb - 15 Feb 1795 Cornelis Taaij ................................. 1753-1808

15 Feb - 22 Feb 1795 Jacob George Hieronymus Hahn ................... 1761-1822

(1st Time)

22 Feb - 01 Mar 1795 Jacob Verheije van Citters ..................... 1753-1823

01 Mar - 08 Mar 1795 Paulus Hubert Adriaan Jan Strick

van Linschoten ................................ 1769-1819

08 Mar - 15 Mar 1795 Johannes Lambertus Huber (1st Time) ............ 1750-1826

15 Mar - 22 Mar 1795 Gerrit David Jordens (1st Time) ................ 1734-1803

22 Mar - 29 Mar 1795 Albert Johan de Sitter (1st Time) .............. 1748-1814

29 Mar - 05 Apr 1795 Gerrit Willem ridder van Zuylen

van Nievelt ................................... 1756-1814

05 Apr - 12 Apr 1795 Jacob George Hieronymus Hahn (2nd Time)

12 Apr - 19 Apr 1795 Bonifacius Matthias Pous (1st Time) ............ 1744-1797

19 Apr - 26 Apr 1795 Pieter Pijpers (1st Time) ...................... 1749-1805

26 Apr - 03 May 1795 Johannes Lambertus Huber (2nd Time)

03 May - 10 May 1795 Gerrit David Jordens (2nd Time)

10 May - 17 May 1795 Albert Johan de Sitter (2nd Time)

17 May - 24 May 1795 Carel Gerard Hultman ........................... 1752-1820

24 May - 31 May 1795 Jacob George Hieronymus Hahn (3rd Time)

31 May - 07 Jun 1795 Bonifacius Matthias Pous (2nd Time)

07 Jun - 14 Jun 1795 Pieter Pijpers (2nd Time)

14 Jun - 21 Jun 1795 Johannes Lambertus Huber (3rd Time)

21 Jun - 28 Jun 1795 Hendrik Knijpinga Cramer ....................... 1754-1815

28 Jun - 05 Jul 1795 Jabobus van der Steege (1st Time) .............. 1746-1811

05 Jul - 12 Jul 1795 Herman Jacob Dyckmeester (1st Time) ............ 1771-1850

12 Jul - 19 Jul 1795 Ludovicus Timon de Kempenaar (1st Time) ........ 1752-1812

19 Jul - 26 Jul 1795 Bonifacius Matthias Pous (3rd Time)

26 Jul - 02 Aug 1795 Pieter Pijpers (3rd Time)

02 Aug - 09 Aug 1795 Johannes Lambertus Huber (4th Time)

09 Aug - 16 Aug 1795 Johan Antony Zwier van Ysselmuyden tot Paeslo .. 1760-1810

(1st Time)

16 Aug - 23 Aug 1795 Albert Johan de Sitter (3rd Time)

23 Aug - 30 Aug 1795 Jan Willem Henrick Conrady ..................... 1768-1844

30 Aug - 06 Sep 1795 Ludovicus Timon de Kempenaar (2nd Time)

06 Sep - 13 Sep 1795 Bonifacius Matthias Pous (4th Time)

13 Sep - 20 Sep 1795 Pieter Pijpers (4th Time)

20 Sep - 27 Sep 1795 Thomas Philippus Johan (1st Time) .............. 1750-1812

27 Sep - 04 Oct 1795 Lambert Christiaan Hendrik Strubberg

04 Oct - 11 Oct 1795 Albert Johan de Sitter (4th Time)

11 Oct - 18 Oct 1795 Herman Jacob Dyckmeester (2nd Time)

18 Oct - 25 Oct 1795 Ludovicus Timon de Kempenaar (3rd Time)

25 Oct - 01 Nov 1795 Joan van Kuffeler .............................. 1755-1811

01 Nov - 07 Nov 1795 Pieter Pijpers (5th Time)

07 Nov - 14 Nov 1795 Johannes Lambertus Huber (5th Time)

14 Nov - 21 Nov 1795 Gerrit David Jordens (3rd Time)

21 Nov - 28 Nov 1795 Albert Johan de Sitter (5th Time)

28 Nov - 05 Dec 1795 Herman Jacob Dyckmeester (3rd Time)

06 Dec - 12 Dec 1795 Ludovicus Timon de Kempenaar (4th Time)

13 Dec - 19 Dec 1795 Nicolaas Cornelis Lambrechtsen ................. 1752-1823

20 Dec - 26 Dec 1795 Pieter Pijpers (6th Time)

27 Dec 1795 - 02 Jan 1796 Thomas Philippus Johan (2nd Time)

03 Jan - 09 Jan 1796 Johan Antony Zwier van Ysselmuyden tot Paeslo

(2nd Time)

10 Jan - 16 Jan 1796 Jabobus van der Steege (2nd Time)

17 Jan - 23 Jan 1796 Augustinus Geukama ............................. 1732-1801

24 Jan - 02 Feb 1796 Ludovicus Timon de Kempenaar (5th Time)

03 Feb - 06 Feb 1796 Adriaan Frants Lammems ......................... 1767-1847

07 Feb - 13 Feb 1796 Pieter Pijpers (7th Time)

14 Feb - 20 Feb 1796 Johannes Lambertus Huber (5th Time)

21 Feb - 27 Feb 1796 Gerard Willem van Marle ........................ 1752-1799

28 Feb - 29 Feb 1796 Jabobus van der Steege (3rd Time)

Presidents of the National Assembly

01 Mar - 17 Mar 1796 Pieter Paulus .................................. 1754-1796

07 Mar - 02 Apr 1796 Pieter Leonard van de Kasteele (1st Time) ...... 1748-1810

(acting to 18 Mar)

02 Apr - 16 Apr 1796 Albert Johan de Sitter ......................... (s.a)

02 Apr - 30 Apr 1796 Jan Bernd Bicker (1st Time) .................... 1747-1834

01 May - 14 May 1796 Daniel Cornelis de Leeuw ....................... 1747-1834

15 May - 28 May 1796 Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck,

heer van Nijenuis, Peckedamen Gallicum ........ 1761-1825

(1st Time)

29 May - 11 Jun 1796 Joan Arend de Vos van Steenwijk,

heer van Nijerwal, Oldenhof,

Welland en Seroosjerj ........................ 1746-1813

12 Jun - 25 Jun 1796 Johannes Lambertus Huber ....................... (s.a)

26 Jun - 09 Jul 1796 Paulus Hartog .................................. 1735-1805

10 Jul - 23 Jul 1796 Willem Aernout de Beveren ...................... 1749-1820

25 Jul - 06 Aug 1796 Ludovicus Timon de Kempenaer ................... (s.a)

07 Aug - 20 Aug 1796 Jan Pieter van Wickevoort Crommelin ............ 1763-1837

21 Aug - 03 Sep 1796 Paulus Emmanuel Anthony de la Court ............ 1760-1848

04 Sep - 17 Sep 1796 Jacob Jan Cambier .............................. 1756-1831

18 Sep - 01 Oct 1796 Jacobus Kantelaar .............................. 1759-1821

02 Oct - 15 Oct 1796 Tammo Adriaan ten Berge ........................ 1756-1830

16 Oct - 29 Oct 1796 Bernardus Blok ................................. 1756-1818

30 Oct - 12 Nov 1796 Gerrit David Jordens ........................... (s.a)

13 Nov - 26 Nov 1796 Abraham Gijsbertus Verster ..................... 1751-1841

27 Nov - 10 Dec 1796 Ijsbrand van Hammelsveld ....................... 1743-1812

11 Dec - 24 Dec 1796 Cornelis vam Lennep ............................ 1751-1813

25 Dec 1796 - 07 Jan 1797 Jan Hendrik Stoffenberg ........................ 1749-1838

08 Jan - 21 Jan 1797 Lambert Engelbert van Eck ...................... 1754-1803

22 Jan - 04 Feb 1797 Willem Queysen ................................. 1754-1817

05 Feb - 18 Feb 1797 Carel de Vos van Steenwijk,

heer van Dikninge en de Hohenhof .............. 1759-1830

19 Feb - 04 Mar 1797 Hendrik van Castrop ............................ 1736-1806

05 Mar - 18 Mar 1797 Meinardus Siderius ............................. 1754-1829

19 Mar - 01 Apr 1797 Cornelis Wilhelmus de Rhoer .................... 1751-1821

02 Apr - 15 Apr 1797 Jan Couperus ................................... 1755-1833

16 Apr - 29 Apr 1797 Jacob Abraham de Mist .......................... 1749-1823

30 Apr - 13 May 1797 Jan Bernd Bicker (2nd Time)

14 May - 27 May 1797 Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck,

heer van Nijenuis, Peckedamen Gallicum (2nd Time)

28 May - 10 Jun 1797 Gerard Willem van Marle ........................ (s.a)

14 Jun - 27 Jun 1797 Herman Hendricus Vitringa ...................... 1757-1801

28 Jun - 08 Jul 1797 Johan Herman de Lange .......................... 1759-1818

09 Jul - 22 Jul 1797 Ambrosius Justus Zubil ......................... 1751-1820

23 Jul - 05 Aug 1797 Willem Hendrik Teding van Berkhout,

heer van Noord-Scharwoude ..................... 1745-1809

06 Aug - 19 Aug 1797 Scato Trip ..................................... 1742-1822

20 Aug - 31 Aug 1797 Pieter Leonard van de Kasteele (2nd Time)

01 Sep - 16 Sep 1797 Jan David Pasteur .............................. 1753-1804

17 Sep - 30 Sep 1797 Adriaanus Ploos van Amstel ..................... 1749-1816

01 Oct - 14 Oct 1797 Joachim Nuhout van der Veen .................... 1756-1833

15 Oct - 28 Oct 1797 Hugo Gevers .................................... 1765-1852

29 Oct - 11 Nov 1797 Jacob van Manen ................................ 1752-1822

12 Nov - 25 Nov 1797 Pieter Vreede .................................. 1750-1837

26 Nov - 09 Dec 1797 Stefanus Jacobus van Langen .................... 1758-1847

10 Dec - 23 Dec 1797 Jacobus Blaauw ................................. 1756-1829

24 Dec 1797 - 06 Jan 1798 Joan Bernard Auffmorth ......................... 1744-1831

07 Jan 1797 - 20 Jan 1798 Joannes Franciscus Rudolphus van Hooff ......... 1755-1816

21 Jan - 25 Jan 1798 Johannes Henricus Midderigh .................... 1753-1800

Chairmen of the Interim Executive Authority

25 Jan - 28 Feb 1798 Pieter Vreede .................................. (s.a)

01 Mar - 31 Mar 1798 Wybo Fijnje .................................... 1754-1796

01 Apr - 30 Apr 1798 Berend Wildrik ................................. 1754-1831

01 Jun - 12 Jun 1798 Johan Pieter Fokker ............................ 1751-1831

14 Jun - 20 Jun 1798 Jacobus Spoors (1st Time) ...................... 1751-1833

21 Jun - 27 Jun 1798 Gerrit Jan Pijman .............................. 1750-1839

28 Jun - 04 Jul 1798 Isaäk Jan Alexander Gogel (1st Time) ........... 1765-1821

04 Jun - 11 Jul 1798 Reinier Willem Tadama (1st Time)

12 Jun - 18 Jul 1798 Abraham Jacques la Pierre ...................... 1750-1837

26 Jul - 31 Jul 1798 Jacobus Spoors (2nd Time)

01 Aug - 07 Aug 1798 Isaäk Jan Alexander Gogel (2nd Time)

08 Aug - 14 Aug 1798 Reinier Willem Tadama (2nd Time)

14 Aug - 17 Aug 1798 Abraham Jacques la Pierre (2nd Time)

Chairmen of the Uitvoerend bewind (Executive Authority)

17 Aug - 16 Sep 1798 Albert Willem Hoeth ............................ 1758-1827

17 Sep - 16 Oct 1798 Johannes Willem van Hasselt .................... 1752-1833

17 Oct - 16 Nov 1798 Frans Ermerins (1st Time) ...................... 1753-1840

17 Nov - 16 Dec 1798 Anthony Frederick Robbert Evert van Haersolte,

heer van Straverden (1st Time) ................ 1756-1830

17 Dec 1798 - 16 Jan 1799 Joannes Franciscus Rudolphus

van Hooff ..................................... (s.a)

17 Jan - 16 Feb 1799 Albert Willem Hoeth (2nd Time)

17 Feb - 16 Mar 1799 Johannes Willem van Hasselt (2nd Time)

17 Mar - 16 Apr 1799 Frans Ermerins (2nd Time)

17 Apr - 16 May 1799 Anthony Frederick Robbert Evert van Haersolte,

heer van Straverden (2nd Time)

17 May - 16 Jun 1799 Joannes Franciscus Rudolphus

van Hooff (2nd Time)

17 Jun - 16 Jul 1799 Albert Willem Hoeth (3rd Time)

17 Jul - 16 Aug 1799 Augustijn Gerhard Besier (1st Time) ............ 1758-1829

17 Aug - 16 Sep 1799 Frans Ermerins (3rd Time)

17 Sep - 16 Oct 1799 Anthony Frederick Robbert Evert van Haersolte,

heer van Straverden (3rd Time)

17 Oct - 16 Nov 1799 Joannes Franciscus Rudolphus

van Hooff (3rd Time)

17 Nov - 16 Dec 1799 Albert Willem Hoeth (4th Time)

17 Dec 1799 - 16 Jan 1800 Augustijn Gerhard Besier (2nd Time)

17 Jan - 16 Feb 1800 Frans Ermerins (4th Time)

17 Feb - 16 Mar 1800 Anthony Frederick Robbert Evert van Haersolte,

heer van Straverden (4th Time)

17 Mar - 16 Apr 1800 Joannes Franciscus Rudolphus

van Hooff (4th Time)

17 Apr - 16 May 1800 Albert Willem Hoeth (5th Time)

17 May - 16 Jun 1800 Augustijn Gerhard Besier (3rd Time)

17 Jun - 16 Jul 1800 Frans Ermerins (5th Time)

17 Jul - 16 Aug 1800 Anthony Frederick Robbert Evert van Haersolte,

heer van Straverden (5th Time)

17 Aug - 16 Sep 1800 Jan Hendrik van Swinden (1st Time) ............. 1746-1823

17 Sep - 16 Oct 1800 Albert Willem Hoeth (6th Time)

17 Oct - 16 Nov 1800 Augustijn Gerhard Besier (4th Time)

17 Nov - 16 Dec 1800 Frans Ermerins (6th Time)

17 Dec 1800 - 16 Jan 1801 Anthony Frederick Robbert Evert van Haersolte,

heer van Straverden (6th Time)

17 Jan - 16 Feb 1801 Jan Hendrik van Swinden (3rd Time)

17 Feb - 16 Mar 1801 Albert Willem Hoeth (7th Time)

17 Mar - 16 Apr 1801 Augustijn Gerhard Besier (5th Time)

17 Apr - 16 May 1801 Frans Ermerins (7th Time)

17 May - 16 Jun 1801 Anthony Frederick Robbert Evert van Haersolte,

heer van Straverden (7th Time)

17 Jun - 16 Jul 1801 Jan Hendrik van Swinden (4th Time)

17 Jul - 16 Aug 1801 Gerrit Jan Pijman .............................. (s.a)

17 Aug - 16 Sep 1801 Augustijn Gerhard Besier (6th Time)

17 Sep - 18 Sep 1801 Frans Ermerins (8th Time)

18 Sep - 19 Sep 1801 Augustijn Gerhard Besier (7th Time)

19 Sep - 17 Oct 1801 Anthony Frederick Robbert Evert van Haersolte,

heer van Straverden (8th Time)

Chairmen of the Staatsbewind (State Council)

17 Oct 1801 - 31 Jan 1802 Willem Aernout de Beveren (1st Time) ........... (s.a)

01 Feb - 30 Apr 1802 Egbert van Burmania Rengers

01 May - 31 Jul 1802 Samuel van Hoogstraten, heer van Heicup, Boeicup,

Woubrugger, Sint Jacobswoube en Rodenburg ..... 1756-1830

01 Aug - 31 Oct 1802 Gerrit Jan Pijman .............................. (s.a)

01 Nov 1802 - 31 Jan 1803 Johannes Baptista Verheyen ..................... 1746-1814

01 Feb - 30 Apr 1803 Jacobus Spooors ................................ (s.a)

01 May - 31 Jul 1803 Campegius Hermanus Gockinga .................... 1748-1823

01 Aug - 31 Oct 1803 Daniël Cornelis de Leeuw ....................... (s.a)

01 Nov 1803 - 31 Jan 1804 Augustijn Gerhard Besier ....................... (s.a)

01 Feb - 30 Apr 1804 Anthony Frederick Robbert Evert van Haersolte,

heer van Straverden ........................... (s.a)

01 May - 31 Jul 1804 Gerard Brantsen ................................ 1734-1809

01 Aug - 31 Oct 1804 Willem Queysen ................................. (s.a)

01 Nov 1804 - 31 Jan 1805 Willem Aernout de Beveren (2nd Time)

01 Feb - 29 Apr 1805 Jan Bernd Bicker ............................... (s.a)

Raadpensionaris (Grand Pensionaries)

29 Apr 1805 - 05 Jun 1806 Rutger Jan Schimmelpennick,

heer van Nijenhuis,

Peckedam en Gallicum ......................... (s.a)

05 Jun - 09 Jun 1806 Carel de Vos van Steewijk, heer van Dikninge

de Hogenhof ................................... (s.a)

(acting)

 

Secretaries of State

22 Oct 1798 - 30 Jun 1806 Carel Gerard Jan Hultmann ...................... 1752-1820

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Kingdom of Holland

Kings

09 Jun 1806 - 01 Jul 1810 Bounaparte, Lodewijk I Napoleon ................ 1778-1846

(King of Holland)

01 Jul - 13 Jul 1810 Bounaparte, Napoleon Lodewijk II ............... 1804-1831

(King of Holland)

03 Jul - 13 Jul 1810 Paulus van der Heim ............................ 1753-1823

(Chairman of the Provisional Council of Regency)

 

Secretary of State

01 Jul 1806 - 08 Jan 1808 Willem Frederik Roell .......................... 1767-1835

Chief Ministers

1809 - 08 Mar 1810 Paulus van der Heim ............................ (s.a)

08 Mar - 31 Dec 1810 Jacob Jan Cambier .............................. (s.a)

____________________________________________________________________________________

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Sovereign Prince

02 Dec 1813 - 16 Mar 1815 Oranje-Nassau, Willem I Frederik (VI) .......... 1772-1843

Monarchs

16 Mar 1815 - 07 Oct 1840 Oranje-Nassau, Willem I Frederik (VI)

07 Oct 1840 - 17 Mar 1849 Oranje-Nassau, Willem II (VII) ................. 1792-1849

17 Mar 1849 - 23 Nov 1890 Oranje-Nassau, Willem III (VIII) ............... 1817-1890

23 Nov 1890 - 31 Aug 1898 Waldeck, Emma (Queen Regent) ................... 1858-1934

23 Nov 1890 - 15 May 1940 Oranje-Nassau, Willemina ....................... 1880-1962

(1st Time, In London, UK, exile 13 May 1940 - 13 Mar 1945)

13 May - 15 May 1940 Henri Gerard Winkelman ......................... 1876-1952

(Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy)

Leider van Nederlad (Leader of the Netherlands)

17 Dec 1942 - 07 May 1945 Anton Adriaan Mussert .......................... 1894-1946

Monarchs

07 May 1945 - 04 Sep 1948 Oranje-Nassau, Willemina (2nd Time)

04 Sep 1948 - 30 Apr 1980 Oranje-Nassau, Juliana ......................... 1909-2004

30 Apr 1980 - 30 Apr 2013 Oranje-Nassau, Beatrix ......................... 1938-

30 Apr 2013 - Amsberg, Willem-Alexander ...................... 1967-

 

 

Chief Ministers

31 Dec 1813 - 19 Mar 1818 Anton Reinhold Falck ........................... 1777-1843

21 Sep - 11 Oct 1815 Godert Alexander Gerard

Philip van der Capellen ....................... 1778-1848

28 Dec 1823 - 12 Nov 1835 Jean Gijsberto de Mey van Streefkerk ........... 1782-1841

12 Nov 1835 - 22 Sep 1836 Gerrit graaf Schimmelpenninck .................. 1794-1863

01 Dec 1836 - 20 Oct 1840 Henri baron van Doorn van Westcapelle .......... 1786-1853

1844 - 25 Mar 1848 Willem II van Oranje-Nassau .................... (s.a)

Prime Ministers

25 Mar - 21 Nov 1848 Gerrit graaf Schmmelpenninck

21 Nov 1848 - 01 Nov 1849 Dirke Donker Curtius ........................... 1792-1864

- Jacob Mattheüs de Kempenaer .................... 1793-1870

01 Nov 1849 - 19 Apr 1853 Johan Rudolf Thorbecke (1st Time) .............. 1798-1872

19 Apr 1853 - 01 Jul 1856 Baron Floris Adriaan van Hall (1st Time) ....... 1791-1866

01 Jul 1856 - 18 Mar 1858 Justinus Jacob Leonard van der Brugghen ........ 1804-1863

18 Mar 1858 - 23 Feb 1860 Jan Jacob Rochussen ............................ 1797-1871

23 Feb 1860 - 14 Mar 1861 Baron Floris Adriaan van Hall (2nd Time)

- Baron Schelto van Heemstra ................... 1807-1864

14 Mar 1861 - 31 Jan 1862 Baron Jacob Pieter Pompejusvan Zuylen

van Nijevelt .................................. 1816-1890

01 Feb 1862 - 10 Feb 1866 Johan Rudolf Thorbecke (2nd Time)

10 Feb - 01 Jun 1866 Isaäc Dignus Fransen van de Putte .............. 1822-1902

01 Jun 1866 - 04 Jun 1868 Julius Philip Jacob Adriaan,

graaf van Zuylen van Nijevelt ................. 1819-1894

04 Jun 1868 - 04 Jan 1871 Pieter Philip van Bosse ........................ 1809-1879

04 Jan 1871 - 06 Jul 1872 Johan Rudolf Thorbecke (3rd Time)

06 Jul 1872 - 27 Aug 1874 Gerrit Abrahamszoon de Vries ................... 1818-1900

27 Aug 1874 - 03 Nov 1877 Jan Abrahamszoon Heemskerk (1st Time) .......... 1818-1897

03 Nov 1877 - 20 Aug 1879 Johannes Kappeyne van de Coppello .............. 1822-1895

20 Aug 1879 - 22 Apr 1883 Constantijn Theodoor,

graaf van Lynden van Sandenburg ............... 1826-1885

22 Apr 1883 - 20 Apr 1888 Jan Abrahamszoon Heemskerk (2nd Time)

20 Apr 1888 - 21 Aug 1891 Baron Æneas Mackay ............................. 1839-1909

21 Aug 1891 - 08 May 1894 Gijsbert van Tienhoven ......................... 1841-1914

08 May 1894 - 26 Jul 1897 Lord Joan Röell ................................ 1844-1914

26 Jul 1897 - 31 Jul 1901 Nicolaas Gerard Pierson ........................ 1839-1909

31 Jul 1901 - 16 Aug 1905 Abraham Kuyper ................................. 1837-1920

16 Aug 1905 - 11 Feb 1908 Theodoor Herman de Meester ..................... 1851-1919

11 Feb 1908 - 29 Aug 1913 Theodorus Heemskerk ............................ 1852-1932

29 Aug 1913 - 09 Sep 1918 Pieter Wilhelm Adriaan Cort

van den Linden ................................ 1846-1935

09 Sep 1918 - 03 Aug 1925 Charles Ruijs de Beerenbouck (1st Time) ........ 1873-1936

03 Aug 1925 - 08 Mar 1926 Hendrikus Colijn (1st Time) .................... 1869-1944

08 Mar 1926 - 10 Aug 1929 Dirk Jan de Geer (1st Time) .................... 1870-1960

10 Aug 1929 - 26 May 1933 Charles Ruijs de Beerenbouck (2nd Time)

26 May 1933 - 10 Aug 1939 Hendrikus Colijn (2nd Time)

10 Aug 1939 - 03 Sep 1940 Dirk Jan de Geer (2nd Time, in exile from 10 May 1940)

03 Sep 1940 - 24 Jun 1945 Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy ....................... 1885-1961

(In exile in London)

24 Jun 1945 - 03 Jul 1946 Willem Schermerhorn ............................ 1894-1977

03 Jul 1946 - 07 Aug 1948 Louis Jozef Maria Beel (1st Time) .............. 1902-1977

07 Aug 1948 - 22 Dec 1958 Willem Drees ................................... 1886-1988

22 Dec 1958 - 19 May 1959 Louis Jozef Maria Beel (2nd Time)

19 May 1959 - 24 Jul 1963 Jan Eduard de Quay ............................. 1901-1985

24 Jul 1963 - 14 Apr 1965 Victor Gerard Maria Marijnen ................... 1917-1975

14 Apr 1965 - 22 Nov 1966 Jozef Maria Laurens Theodoor Cals .............. 1914-1971

22 Nov 1966 - 05 May 1967 Jelle Zijlstra ................................. 1918-2001

05 May 1967 - 06 Jul 1971 Petrus Jozef Sietze de Jong .................... 1915-

06 Jul 1971 - 11 May 1973 Barend Willem Biescheuvel ...................... 1920-2001

11 May 1973 - 19 Dec 1977 Johannes Martin den Uyl ........................ 1919-1987

19 Dec 1977 - 04 Nov 1982 Andreas Antonius Maria van Agt ................. 1931-

04 Nov 1982 - 22 Aug 1994 Rudolphus Franciscus Marie Lubbers ............. 1939-

22 Aug 1994 - 22 Jul 2002 Willem Kok ..................................... 1938-

22 Jul 2002 - 14 Oct 2010 Jan Peter Balkenende ........................... 1956-

14 Oct 2010 - Mark Rutte ..................................... 1967-

 

 

Full style of the Monarch: Bij de Gratie Gods, Koning der Nederlanden, Prins van Oranje-Nassau, enz., enz., enz. ("by the Grace of God, King of The Netherlands,

Prince of Orange-Nassau, etc., etc., etc."). Lat: Rex Belgii.

 

Orders: Militaire Willems-Orde (Military Order of William).

De Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw (Order of the Dutch Lion).

Orde van Oranje-Nassau (Order of Orange-Nassau).

 

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©2005