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Saudi Arabia

       1735               First Saudi state of al-Diriyah (Najd) unites Arabia

       1819               Part of Ottoman Empire

       1887 - 15 Jan 1902 Najd conquered by Ha'il

15 Jan 1902               Emirate of Najd restored

22 Aug 1921               Sultanate of Najd

02 Nov 1921               Ha'il annexed

08 Jan 1926               Hejaz annexed

22 Sep 1932               Hejaz and Najd untited as Saudi Arabia

22 Sep 1932 -             Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Government: Absolute Monarchy.

Capital: Riyhadh.

Language: Arabic, English, Urdu.

Religion: Wahhabi Islam.

National Anthem: "Aash Al Maleek" (Long live our beloved King).

National Emblem: Palm Tree.

National Day: 22nd September, Unification of the Kingdom (1932).

National Motto: There is no God but the God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God.

Curruncy: Saudi Riyal.

 

Emirs Najd

1710 - 1735               Saudi, Sa`ud ibn Muhammed

1735 - 1765               Saudi, Muhammad I ibn Sa`ud

       1765 - 02 Oct 1803 Saudi, Abdul Aziz I ibn Muhammad al-Sa`ud

02 Oct 1803 - 01 May 1814 Saudi, Sa`ud I ibn Abdul Aziz

01 May 1814 -    Mar 1818 Saudi, Abdullah I ibn Sa`ud

Imams

       1822 - 10 May 1834 Saudi, Turki ibn Abdullah

10 May      - 18 Jun 1834 Saudi, Mushari ibn Abdul Rahman

18 Jun 1834 - 1838        Saudi, Faisal ibn Turki(1st Time)

1838 - 1841               Saudi, Khalid ibn Sa`ud

       1841 - 13 Jul 1843 Saudi, Abdullah II ibn Thunayan

13 Jul 1843 - 02 Dec 1865 Saudi, Faisal ibn Turki (2nd Time)

02 Dec 1865 - 10 Apr 1871 Saudi, Abdullah III ibn Faisal

                                 (1st Time)

10 Apr 1871 -    Jan 1875 Saudi, Sa`ud II ibn Faisal

   Jan      -    Aug 1875 Saudi, Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal

   Aug 1875 - 1887        Saudi, Abdullah III ibn Faisal (2nd Time)

       1887               Saudi, Muhammed II

       1887 - 15 Jan 1902 To Emirate of Ha'il

1887 - 1889               Saudi, Abdullah III (3rd Time)

1889 - 1891               Saudi, Abdul Rahman

1891                      Saudi, Muhammad II

Sultan of Najd (Emir of Najd and al-Hasa to 22 Aug 1921)

15 Jan 1902 - 22 Sep 1932 Saudi, Abdal Aziz II ............................ 1880-1953

Kings of Saudi Arabia

22 Sep 1932 - 09 Nov 1953 Saudi, Abdulaziz ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal

                           ibn Turki ibn Abdullah ibn Muhammad ............ s.a

09 Nov 1953 - 02 Nov 1964 Saudi, Sa`ud bin Abdulaziz ...................... 1902-1969

02 Nov 1964 - 25 Mar 1975 Saudi, Faisal bin Abdulaziz ..................... 1906-1975

                          (regent for Sa`ud from 30 Mar 1964)

25 Mar 1975 - 13 Jun 1982 Saudi, Khalid ibn Abdulaziz ..................... 1913-1982

13 Jun 1982 - 01 Aug 2005 Saudi, Fahd ibn Abdulaziz ....................... 1923-2005

01 Aug 2005 - 23 Jan 2015 Saudi, Abdullah ibn Abdulaziz ................... 1924-2015

                          (regent for Fahd from 21 Feb 1996)

22 Nov 2010 - 23 Feb 2011 Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz .................... 1925-2011

                           Al Saud (regent for Abdullah)

23 Jan 2015 -             Saudi, Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud ............. 1935-

21 Jun 2017 -             Crown Prince Muhammed bin Salman

                           bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud ......................... 1985-

                           (de facto ruler)



Prime Ministers

22 Sep 1932 - 09 Oct 1953 Prince Faisal bin Abdulaziz al-Saud (1st Time) .. s.a

                          (Chairman of the Council of Ministers)

09 Oct 1953 - 16 Aug 1954 Sa'ud (1st Time) ................................ s.a

16 Aug 1954 - 21 Dec 1960 Faisal (2nd Time)

21 Dec 1960 - 31 Oct 1962 Sa'ud (2nd Time)

31 Oct 1962 - 25 Mar 1975 Faisal (3rd Time)

29 Mar 1975 - 13 Jun 1982 Khalid .......................................... s.a

13 Jun 1982 - 01 Aug 2005 Fahd ............................................ s.a

01 Aug 2005 - 23 Jan 2015 Abdullah ........................................ s.a

23 Jan 2015 -             Salman .......................................... s.a


_____________________________________________________________________________________

Hejaz

c.74                       Pre-Islamic tribal rule

621 AD

634 - 935                  Within the Islamic Caliphate

935 - 1076                 To Egypt

967                        Emirate of Mecca

1076 - 1154                Seljuq protectorate

1154 - 1517                Egypian rule

1517                       Part of the Ottoman Empire

1819 - 1840                Egyptian occupation

10 Jun 1916                Kingdom Hejaz

08 Jan 1926                Saudi conquest

22 Sep 1932                United with Najd as Saudi Arabia

 

Monarchs

c. 74 - 44 BC Jurhum I bin Djahla

967-980 Musabite, Abu Muhammed Djarfar ibn Muhammed

980-994 Musabite, Isa I

994-1010 Musabite, Abul-Futuh Hasan

         (1st Time)

1010-1012 Musabite, Abul-Tayyib Da'ud

1012-1039 Musabite, Abul-Futuh Hasan

          (2nd Time)

1039-1061 Musabite, Abu Abdullah Muhammed Shukr

1061-1063 Musabite, Muhammed ibn Abu Fatich

1063-1067 Musabite, Abu Kamil Ali Muhammed al-Kadi

1067-1069 Musabite, Hamza

1069-1094 Hashim, Abu Hashim Muhammed

1094-1123 Hashim, Abu-Futaita al-Qasim I

1123-1133 Hashim, Fulaita

1133-1154 Hashim, Hashim

1154-1161 Hashim, al-Qasim II

1161-1174 Hashim, Isa II

1174-1175 Hashim, Da'ud (1st Time)

1175-1176 Hashim, Mukaththir

          (1st Time)

1176      Hashim, al-Qasim III

1176      Hashim, Da'ud (2nd Time)

1176-1194 Hashim, Mukaththir

          (2nd Time)

1194-1201 Hashim, al-Mansur

1201-1220 Hashim, Abu Aziz Qatada

1220-1232 Hashim, Hasan I

1232-1240 Hashim, Rajih

          (1st Time)

1240      Hashim, Shiha ibn al-Qasim

1240-1241 Hashim, Rajih

          (2nd Time)

1241-1245 Hashim, Abu-Sa'ad al-Hasan ibn Ali

1245      Hashim, Abu Numai Muhammed I

          (1st Time)

1245-1254 Hashim, Rajih

          (3rd Time)

1254      Hashim, Ganim I

1254-1270 Hashim, Idris I

1270-1288 Hashim, Djammaz ibn Shiha

1288-1301 Hashim, Abu Numai Muhammed I

          (2nd Time)

1301-1302 Hashim, Rumaitha I

Grand Sharifs of Mekkah

   Aug 1455 -        1497 Malik ul-Adil Muhammad III ibn

                          Barakat

   Sep 1497 -    Sep 1525 Barakat II ibn Muhammad

   Sep 1525 -    Feb 1583 Muhammad Abu Nymay II Nazim

                          ud-din ibn Barakat

   Feb 1583 -    Dec 1601 Al-Hasan III ibn Muhammad Abu Numay

   Dec 1601 -        1610 Idris II Abu 'Aun ibn Hasan

       1610 -    May 1628 Muhsin I ibn Hussein

   May 1628 -    0ct 1629 Ahmad ibn Abu Talib al-Hasan

   Oct 1629 -    Nov 1630 Masud I ibn Idris

   Nov 1630 -    Sep 1631 Abdullah I ibn Hasan

   Sep 1631 -    Jul 1666 Zeid ibn Muhsin

   Jul 1666 -    Apr 1672 Saad ibn Zeid (1st Time)

       1667 -        1668 Muhsin ibn Ahmad

                          (1st Time, co-ruler)

       1669 -        1671 Ahmad ibn Zeid

                          (1st Time, co-ruler)

   Jun      -    Nov 1671 Hamud ibn Abdullah ibn Hasan

   Apr 1672 -    Apr 1682 Barakat III ibn Muhammad

       1682               Ibrahim ibn Muhammad

       1682 -    Dec 1683 Said I ibn Barakat

   Jan 1684 - 04 Jan 1688 Ahmad ibn Zeid (2nd Time)

04 Jan 1688 -    Apr 1690 Hashim, Ahmad ibn Ghalib

   Apr 1690 -    Oct 1691 Hashim, Muhsin II ibn Hussein (2nd Time)

   Oct 1691 -        1694 Hashim, Said II ibn Saad (1st Time)

   Aug      -    Dec 1694 Hashim, Abdullah II ibn Hashim

   Dec 1694 -    Mar 1702 Hashim, Saad ibn Zeid

   Mar 1702 -    Jul 1704 Hashim, Said II ib Saad (2nd Time)

   Jul 1704               Hashim, Abdul Muhsin ibn Ahmad

   Jul 1704 -    Feb 1705 Hashim, Abdul Karim ibn Muhammed

                          (1st Time)

   Mar      -    Nov 1705 Hashim, Said II ib Saad (2nd Time)

   Nov 1705 -    Dec 1711 Hashim, Abdul Karim ibn Muhammed

                          (1st Time)

   Dec 1711 -    Jan 1717 Hashim, Said II ib Saad (3rd Time)

   Jan 1717 -    Apr 1718 Hashim, Abdullah III ibn Saad (1st Time)

   Apr      -    Nov 1718 Hashim, Ali ibn Said

   Nov 1718 -    May 1720 Hashim, Yahya I ibn Barakat

   May 1720 -    Sep 1722 Hashim, Mubarak ibn Ahmad (1st Time)

   Sep 1722 -    Oct 1723 Hashim, Barakat ibn Yahay

   Oct 1723 -    Mar 1724 Hashim, Mubarak ibn Ahmad (2nd Time)

   Mar 1724 -    May 1731 Hashim, Abdullah III ibn Saad

                          (1st Time)

   May 1731 -    Nov 1732 Hashim, Muhammed ibn Abdullah

                          (1st Time)

   Nov 1732 -    Jan 1733 Hashim, Masud I ibn Said (1st Time)

   Jan 1733 -        1734 Hashim, Muhammed ibn Abdullah

                          (2nd Time)

       1734 - 18 Feb 1752 Hashim, Masud I ibn Said (2nd Time)

18 Feb 1752 - 24 Aug 1759 Hashim, Masaad II ibn Said

                          (1st Time)

24 Aug 1759 -    Jan 1760 Hashim, Jaafar ibn Said

   Jan 1760 - 23 May 1770 Hashim, Masaad II ibn Said

                          (2nd Time)

23 May      - 12 Jul 1770 Hashim, Ahmad ibn Said

12 Jul 1770 - 05 Feb 1773 Hashim, Abdullah IV ibn Hussein

05 Feb 1773 - 21 Jan 1788 Hashim, Surur bin Masaad

31 Jan 1788 -    Mar 1803 Hashim, Ghalib bin Musaed

   Jul 1803 -    Aug 1827 Yahya II ibn Surur .............................. 17..-1838

   Aug      -    Sep 1827 Hashim, Abdul Muttalib ibn Ghalib ............... 1790-1886

                          (1st Time)

   Sep 1827 -    Jul 1851 Hashim, Muhammed ibn Abdul Muin ................. 1767-1858

                          (1st Time)

   Jul 1851 - 06 Jan 1856 Hashim, Abdul Muttalib ibn Ghalib

                          (2nd Time)

06 Jan 1856 - 28 Mar 1858 Hashim, Muhammed ibn Abdul Muin

                          (2nd Time)

01 May 1858 - 04 Jun 1877 Hashim, Abdullah Kamil ibn Muhammad ............. 1823-1877

04 Jun 1877 - 14 Mar 1880 Hashim, Hussain ibn Muhammad .................... 1838-1880

14 Mar 1880 - 31 Aug 1881 Hashim, Abdul Muttalib ibn Ghalib

                          (3rd Time)

31 Aug 1881 - 30 Aug 1882 Hashim, Abdullah Pasha ibn Muhammad ............. 1845-1908

                          (1st Time)

30 Aug 1882 - 17 Jul 1905 Hashim, Aun ar-Rafiq ibn Muhammad ............... 1841-1905

14 Oct 1905 - 26 Oct 1908 Hashim, Ali Pasha ibn Abdullah .................. 1859-1941

26 Oct      - 29 Oct 1908 Hashim, Abdullah Pasha ibn Muhammad

                          (2nd Time, never reigned)

29 Oct 1908 - 10 Jun 1916 Hashim, Hussain ibn Ali al-Hashimi .............. 1856-1931

18 Jun 1916 - 21 Mar 1917 Ali Haidar Pasha ................................ 1866-1935

                          (Ottoman client, in opposition)

Kings

10 Jun 1916 - 03 Oct 1924 Hashim, Hussain ibn Ali al-Hashimi .............. s.a

03 Oct 1924 - 19 Dec 1925 Hashim, Ali ibn Hussein al-Hashimi .............. 1879-1955

08 Jan 1926 - 22 Sep 1932 Saudi, Abdalaziz ibn Abdul Rahman ............... s.a

 

Grand Vizier

10 Jun 1916 - 03 Oct 1924 Ali ibn Hussain al-Hashimi ...................... s.a


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