Sudan

Sudan

2300 BC-1800 BC Part of Egypt

1800 BC-1523 BC Nubia Kingdom

1523-1074 To Egypt

1074 BC-593 BC Kingdom of Napata

593 BC-355 AD Kingdom of Meroe

355-1313 Kigdom of Nobatia

990-1484 Kingdom of Dotawo

1503-1821 Kingdom of Sennar

   Nov 1820 - 19 Jan 1899 Annexed by Egypt (under Ottoman suzerainty)

29 Jan 1881 - 02 Sep 1898 Mahdiyah ("Mahdi's emergence")

26 Jan 1885               Egyptian Sudan under Mahdi rule

19 Jan 1899               Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (condominium)

21 Mar 1953               Self-rule

09 Jan 1954               Autonomous

01 Jan 1956               Independence, Republic of the Sudan

25 May 1969               Democratic Republic of The Sudan

05 Jun 1983 - 09 Jan 2005 Civil war

15 Dec 1985 -             Republic of Sudan

09 Jul 2011               Independence of South Sudan

 

Government: Federal Republic.

Capital: Khartoum.

Languages: Arabic, English.

Religion: Islam, Christian.

National Anthem: "Nahnu Djundulla Djundulwatan"

                  (We are the Army of God and of Our Land).

National Emblem: Secretary bird.

National Day: Independence day, 1st Jan (1956).

National Motto: An Nashr Lina (Victory is ours).

Currency: Sudanese Pound.

 

Monarchs of Nubia

2200 BC Ibi

2200 BC Pepi-naknt

1983 - 1977 Inyotef Kakare

1977 - 1974 Iyibre-Khent Libkenetre

1974 - .... Segerseni Mekhkare

 

Mahdi

29 Jun 1881 - 22 Jun 1885 Muhammad Ahmed ......................... 1844-1885

22 Jun 1885 - 02 Sep 1898 `Abd Allah ............................. 1846-1899

 

Presidents

01 Jan 1956 - 17 Nov 1958 Sovereignty Council

                        - Abdel Fattah Muhammad

                           al-Magrabi ............................ 1903-1985

                        - Muhammad Ahmad Yasin ................... 1913-2008

                        - Ahmad Muhammad Salih ................... 1898-1973

                        - Muhammad Othman ad-Dardiri `Uthman ..... 1896-1977

                        - Siricio Iro Wani ....................... 1919-1985

18 Nov 1958 - 03 Dec 1964 Ibrahim Abboud ......................... 1900-1983 Mil

                          (Chairman of the Suprem Council)

03 Dec 1964 - 08 Jul 1965 Committee of Sovereignty

                        - Abdel Halim Muhammad ................... 1910-2009

                        - Tijani al-Mahi ......................... 1911-1970

                          (To 10 Jun 1965)

                        - Mubarak al-Fadil Shaddad

                          (To 31 May 1965)

                        - Ibrahim Yusuf Sulayman

                          (To 31 May 1965)

                        - Luigi Adwok Bong Gicombe ............... 1929-2010

                        - Ismail al-Azhari ....................... 1900-1969

                        - Abdullah al-Fadil al-Mahdi ............. 1892-1966

                        - Khidr Hamad ............................ 1908-1970

08 Jul 1965 - 25 May 1969 Ismail al-Azhari Saiyid ................ 1900-1969

                          (Chairman of the Sovereignty Council)

25 May 1969 - 19 Jul 1971 Gaafar Muhammad Nimeiry ................ 1930-2009 Mil

                          (1st Time)

                          (Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council)

19 Jul      - 22 Jul 1971 Babiker al-Nur 'Uthman ................. 1935-1971 Mil

                          (Chairman of the Revolutionary Councul)

19 Jul      - 22 Dec 1971 Hashim al-'Atta ........................ 1936-1971 Mil

22 Jul 1971 - 06 Apr 1985 Gaafar Muhammad Nimeiry (2nd Time)

                          (Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council)

06 Apr 1985 - 06 May 1986 Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab ............. 1934-2018 Mil

                          (Commander-in-Chief of the Military Council)

06 May 1986 - 30 Jun 1989 Ahmad Ali al-Mirghani .................. 1941-2008

                          (Chairman of the Supreme Council)

30 Jun 1989 - 11 Apr 2019 'Umar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir ............ 1944-     Mil

                          (Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation

                           to 16 Oct 1993)

11 Apr      - 12 Apr 2019 Lt-Gen. Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf ............. 1954-     Mil

                          (Chairman of the Transitional Military Council)

12 Apr 2019 -             Lt.Gen.'Abd al-Fattah

                           'Abd al-Rahman Burhan ................. 1960-     Mil

                          (President of the Sovereignty Council)

21 Aug 2019 -             Sovereignty Council

                        - Muhammed Hamdan Dagalo ................. 1974-     Mil

                        - Yasser Abdul Rahman al-Atta

                        - Shams al-Din Khabbashi

                        - Ibrahim Jabir Karim

                        - Aisha Musa al-Said

                        - Muhammed al-Faki Suleiman

                        - Hasan Sheikh Idris

                        - Muhammed Hasan Omar Usman al-Ta'ishi

                        - Raja Nicola Abdel-Masih


 

Prime Ministers

22 Oct 1952 -    Nov 1953 Sayid Abdel Rahman al-Mahdi ............ 1885-1959

06 Jan 1954 - 05 Jul 1956 Ismail al-Azhari Saiyid ................ s.a

05 Jul 1956 - 17 Nov 1958 Abdullah Khalil ........................ 1892-1970

17 Nov 1958 - 30 Oct 1964 Ibrahim Abboud ......................... s.a       Mil

30 Oct 1964 - 02 Jun 1965 Sirr Al-Khatim Al-Khalifa Al-Hasan

02 Jun 1965 - 25 Jul 1966 Muhammed Ahmad Mahgoub (1st Time) ...... 1908-1976

27 Jul 1966 - 18 May 1967 Sadiq al-Mahdi al-Siddiq (1st Time) .... s.a

18 May 1967 - 25 May 1969 Muhammed Ahmad Mahgoub (2nd Time)

25 May      - 27 Oct 1969 Babiker Awadalla ....................... 1917-2019

28 Oct 1969 - 11 Aug 1976 Gaafar Muhammed an-Nimeiry (1st Time)

11 Aug 1976 - 10 Sep 1977 Rashid Bakr ............................ 1930-1988

10 Sep 1977 - 06 Apr 1985 Gaafar Muhammed an-Nimeiry (2nd Time)

22 Apr 1985 - 06 May 1986 al-Jazuli Dafalla al-`Aqab ............. 1935-

06 May 1986 - 30 Jun 1989 Sadiq al-Mahdi al-Siddiq (2nd Time)

01 Jul 1989 - 02 Mar 2017 Post Abolished

02 Mar 2017 - 09 Sep 2018 Bakri Hassan Saleh ..................... 1949-

09 Sep 2018 - 22 Feb 2019 Motazz Musa Abdullah ................... 1967-

22 Feb      - 11 Apr 2019 Muhammed Tahir Ayala ................... 1951-

21 Aug 2019 -             Abdalla Hamdok ......................... 1956-


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