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Tunisia

Novara

813 - 480 BC Phoenecian Kingdom of Carthage

480 BC Carthage a republic

308 - 215 BC Annexed by Rome

215 - 25 BC Kingdom of Numidia

800 - 1163 Tunisian Emirate

1163 - 1229 Sicilian rule

1229 - 1574 Tunisian Emirate

03 Sep 1574 Part of the Ottoman Empire

15 Jul 1705 Tunisian regency under Ottoman suzerainty

(called African Kingdom = Mamlakat Ifrikiya)

25 Oct 1871 End of tributary status

13 May 1881 French protectorate

10 Aug 1920 Ottoman Empire renounces sovereignty

10 Nov 1942 - 07 May 1943 German Occupation

03 Jun 1955 Autonomy

20 Mar 1956 Independence, Tunisian Kingdom

25 Jul 1957 - Tunisian Republic

 

Carthage (Qart-hadasht)

 

Kings

800 Iarvos

814-760 Dido

580-556 Hanno I

556-550 Malchus

550-530 Mago

530-510 Hasdrubal

510-480 Hamilcar

480-440 Hanno II

460-410 Himilco I

440-406 Hannibal I

406-396 Himilco II

396-375 Mago II

375-344 Mago III

344-340 Hanno III

340-337 Hanno IV

337-330 Gisco

330-309 Hamilcar II

309-308 Bomilcar

Shofet (Judges)

Mago Barca

295 - 250 Hamilcar

275 - 259 Hannibal "the Rhodian"

250 - 251 Hanno "the great"

241 - 229 Hamilcar Barca

229 - 221 Hasdrubaal

221 - 195 Hannibal Barca ba Hamilcar

210 - 206 Mago Barca

210 - 206 Hasdrubaal Gisgo

195 - 160 Hasdrubaal Haedus

160 - 152 Carthalo "the Boetrach"

152 - 148 Hasdrubaal

148 - 146 Hasdrubaal "the Boetrach"

Roman Governors

146 P. Cornelius Scipio Æmilianus Africanus

137 Marcus Claudius

118 Marcus Porcius Cato

116 - 112 Marcus Livius Drusus

111 Lucius Calpurnius Bestia

110 Spurius Postumius Albinus

109 - 108 Quintas Caecilius Metellus Numidicus

107 - 105 Gaius Marius

88 Publius Sextilius

87 - 84 Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius

84 - 82 Gaius Fabius Hadrianus

81 Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus

81 Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus

77 Lucius Licinis Lucullus Ponticus

76 - 67 A. Manlius Torquatus

67 - 66 Lucius Sergius Catilina

62 - 60 Quintus Pompeius Rufus

58 Titus Vettius Iudex Sabinus

56 Quintas Valerius Orca

56 - 50 Publius Attius Varus (1st Time)

50 - 49 Caius Considius Longus

49 - 48 Publius Attius Varus (2nd Time)

47 - 46 Quintus Caecilius Metellus Plus Scipio

45 - 44 Caius Calvisius Sabinas

44 - 42 Quintas Cornificius

42 Titus Sextius (1st Time)

42 - 41 Caius Fuficius Fango

41 - 40 Titus Sextius (2nd Time)

40 - 36 Marcus Aemilius Lepidus

35 - 34 Titus Statilius Taurus

32 Lucius Cornificius

29 - 28 Lucius Autronius Paetus

 

1310 - 1734 Intermittantly to Milan, Spain and France

1734 - 1798 To Piedmont-Sardinia

1798 - 1799 French occupation

1799 - 1800 Hapsburg occupation

1800 - 1814 Annexed by France

1814 To Piedmont-Sardinia

 

Lords

Aupaldus

1000 Riprando

1302-1310 Brusati, Gugliermo Otto

1332 - 1354 Giovanni Visconti

1354 - 1356 Visconti, Galaezzo (1st Time)

1356 - 1358 Paleologos, Giovanni II

1358 - 1378 Visconti, Galaezzo (2nd Time)

1403 - 1412 Cane, Facino

1538 - 1547 Farnese, Piero Luigi

1551 - 1556 del Monte, Giovanni Battista

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Arab and Ottoman Tunisia

Aghlabid Emirate

800-812 Aghlabi, Ibrahim I

812-817 Aghlabi, Abdullah I

817-838 Aghlabi, Ziyadat Allah I

838-841 Aghlabi, al Aghlab I

841-856 Aghlabi, Muhammad I

856-863 Aghlabi, Ahmad

863 Aghlabi, Ziyadat Allah II

863-875 Aghlabi, Muhammad II

875-902 Aghlabi, Ibrahim II

902-903 Aghlabi, Abdullah II

903-909 Aghlabi, Ziyadat Allah III

947-972 Zirid, Ziri

972-984 Zirid, Yusif Bulugin

984-996 Zirid, Almansur

996-1016 Zirid, Badis Nas ir ad Dawla

1016-1062 Zirid, al Muizz

1062-1108 Zirid, Tamin

1108-1116 Zirid, Yahya

1116-1121 Zirid, Ali

1121-1163 Zirid, Hasan

Emirate of Tunisia

1229-1249 Hafsid, Yahya I

1249-1277 Hafsid, Muhammad I

1277-1279 Hafsid, Yahya II

1279-1283 Hafsid, Ibrahim I

1283 Hafsid, Abdal Aziz

1283-1284 Hafsid, Ahmad I

1284-1294 Hafsid, Umar I

1294-1309 Hafsid, Muhammad II

1309 Hafsid, Abu Barkr I

1309-1311 Hafsid, Khalid I

1311-1317 Hafsid, Zakariya I

1317-1318 Hafsid, Muhammad III

1318-1346 Hafsid, Abu Barkra II

1346-1347 Hafsid, Ahmad II

1347 Hafsid, Umar II

1350 Hafsid, Al fahd I

1350-1370 Hafsid, Ibrahim II

1370 Hafsid, Khalid II

1370-1394 Hafsid, Ahmad III

1394-1434 Hafsid, Abdul Aziz II

1434-1435 Hafsid, Muhammad IV

1435-1488 Hafsid, Uthman I

1488-1489 Hafsid, Yahya III

1489-1490 Hafsid, Abdul Muriam I

1490-1494 Hafsid, Zakariya II

1494-1526 Hafsid, Muhammad V

1526-1542 Hafsid, Muhammad VI

1542-1569 Hafsid, Ahmad IV

1573-1574 Hafsid, Muhammad VII

Beys of Tunis

10 Oct 1573 - Sep 1574 Mulay Hamida

1574 - 1613 Ramden Bey

1613 - 1631 Murad I

1631 - 1666 Hammuda Pasha

1666 - 1675 Murad II

1675 - 1696 Muhammed VIII

1696 - 1698 Husaynid, Ramadan II

1698 - 1702 Husaynid, Murad III

1702 - 15 Jul 1705 Husaynid, Ibrahim III as-Sharif

15 Jul 1705 - 07 Sep 1735 Husaynid, Husayn I

07 Sep 1735 - 22 Sep 1755 Husaynid, Ali I

22 Sep 1755 - 11 Feb 1759 Husaynid, Muhammad IX

11 Feb 1759 - 26 May 1782 Husaynid, Ali II

26 May 1782 - 15 Sep 1814 Husaynid, Hamuda I

15 Sep - 21 Nov 1814 Husaynid, Uthman II

21 Nov 1814 - 28 Mar 1824 Husaynid, Mahmud I

28 Mar 1824 - 20 May 1835 Husaynid, Husayn II

20 May 1835 - 10 Oct 1837 Husaynid, Mustafa I

10 Oct 1837 - 30 May 1855 Husaynid, Ahmad V

30 May 1855 - 22 Sep 1859 Husaynid, Muhammad X

22 Sep 1859 - 27 Oct 1882 Husaynid, Muhammad XI

27 Oct 1882 - 11 Jun 1902 Husaynid, Ali III

11 Jun 1902 - 11 May 1906 Husaynid, Muhammad XI

11 May 1906 - 10 Jun 1922 Husaynid, Muhammad XIII

10 Jun 1922 - 11 Feb 1929 Husaynid, Muhammad XIV

11 Feb 1929 - 19 Jun 1942 Husaynid, Ahmad VI

19 Jun 1942 - 15 May 1943 Husaynid, Muhammad XV .............. 1881-1943

15 May 1943 - 25 Jul 1957 Husaynid, Muhammad XVI ............. 1881-1962

 

Grand Viziers

1800 - 23 Jan 1815 Sidi Yusuf Sahib al-Tabi ........... 1765-1815

23 Jan 1815 - 29 Oct 1822 Muhammad Arbi Zarrouk Khaznadar .... 1760-1822

1822 - 1829 Sidi Husain Khoja .................. 17..-1857

1829 - 1837 Sidi Rashid al-Shakir Sahib

al-Taba`a ......................... 1795-1837

1837 - 22 Oct 1873 Mustafa Khaznadar .................. 1817-1878

(Geórgios Kalkías Stravelákis)

22 Oct 1873 - 21 Jul 1877 Kheireddine Pasha .................. 1822-1890

21 Jul 1877 - 24 Aug 1878 Mohamad Khaznadar (1st Time) ....... 1810-1889

24 Aug 1878 - 12 Sep 1881 Mustapha Ben Ismaïl ................ 1850-1887

12 Sep 1881 - Oct 1882 Mohamad Khaznadar (2nd Time)

Oct 1882 - 04 Feb 1907 Aziz Bouattour ..................... 1825-1907

18 Feb 1907 - Jun 1908 Mahmed Djellouli ................... 1834-1908

Jun 1908 - Jun 1915 Youssef Djaït ...................... 1830-1915

Oct 1915 - May 1922 Taieb Djellouli .................... 1857-1944

Prime Ministers

May 1922 - 20 Oct 1926 Mustafa Dinguizli .................. 1865-1926

03 Nov 1926 - 02 Mar 1932 Khalil Bouhajib .................... 1863-1942

02 Mar 1932 - 31 Dec 1942 Hedi Lakhoua ....................... 1872-1949

01 Jan - 15 May 1943 M'Hamed Chenik (1st Time) .......... 1889-1976

15 May 1943 - 21 Jul 1947 Slaheddine Baccouche (1st Time) .... 1883-1959

21 Jul 1947 - 17 Aug 1950 Mustafa Kaak ....................... 1893-1954

17 Aug 1950 - 26 Mar 1952 M'Hamed Chenik (2nd Time)

12 Apr 1952 - 06 Jul 1954 Slaheddine Baccouche (2nd Time)

06 Jul - 07 Aug 1954 Georges Dupoizat ................... 1909-1975

(acting)

07 Aug 1954 - 11 Apr 1956 Tahar Ben Ammar .................... 1885-1985

11 Apr 1956 - 25 Jul 1957 al-Habib Ben Ali Abu Bourguiba ..... 1903-2000

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Tunisian Republic

Presidents

25 Jul 1957 - 07 Nov 1987 al-Habib Ben Ali Abu Bourguiba ..... 1903-2000 PSD

07 Nov 1987 - 15 Jan 2011 Zine El-Abidine ben Ali ............ 1936- RCD

(left Tunisia 14 Jan 2011)

15 Jan - 13 Dec 2011 Fouad Mebazaa ...................... 1933-

(interim)

13 Dec 2011 - 31 Dec 2014 Mohamed Moncef Marzouki ............ 1945- CPR

01 Jan 2015 - Mohamed Béji Caïd Essebsi .......... 1926- NT

 

 

Prime Ministers

19 Oct 1969 - 02 Nov 1970 Bahi Ladgham ....................... 1913-1998 PSD

02 Nov 1970 - 23 Apr 1980 Hedi Amara Nouira .................. 1911-1993 PSD

23 Apr 1980 - 08 Jul 1986 Mohammed Mzali ..................... 1925-2010 PSD

08 Jul 1986 - 02 Oct 1987 Rashid Sfar ........................ 1933- PSD

02 Oct - 07 Nov 1987 Zayn al-Abidine ben Ali ............ s.a PSD

07 Nov 1987 - 27 Sep 1989 Hédi Baccouche ..................... 1930- PSD/RCD

27 Sep 1989 - 17 Nov 1999 Hamed Karoui ....................... 1927- RCD

17 Nov 1999 - 27 Feb 2011 Mohammed Ghannouchi ................ 1941- RCD

(independent from 14 Jan 2011,

acting president to 15 Jan 2011)

27 Feb - 23 Dec 2011 Mohamed Béji Caïd el Sebsi ......... s.a

24 Dec 2011 - 14 Mar 2013 Hamadi Jebali ...................... 1949- EM

14 Mar 2013 - 29 Jan 2014 Ali Larayedh ....................... 1955- EM

29 Jan 2014 - 06 Feb 2015 Mehdi Jomaa ........................ 1962-

06 Feb 2015 - 27 Aug 2016 Habib Essid ........................ 1949- NT

27 Aug 2016 - Youssef Chahed ..................... 1975- NT

EM=Ennahda Movement (Islamic democracy, economic liberalism, banned 1989-2011)

CPR=Congrès pour la Républic (Secularism, democratic socialism)

NT=Nida Tunis (Call Tunisia, Social Democratic, Secular)

RCD=Constitutional Democratic Rally (Neoliberal, Authoritarian, dissolved 07 Feb 2011)

PSD=Parti Socialist Destorian [Formally Néo Destour] (Nationalist, Socialist to 1988)

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