Türkmenistan

998 - 1231                Qara Khanate

1855 - 1884               Khanate of Merv

1869 - 1855               Gradual Russian annexation

30 Apr 1918               Soviets proclaim Turkestan A.S.S.R   

   Jul 1918 -    Jan 1920 Transcaspia Khanate

16 Jul 1918 - 05 Apr 1919 British occupation

06 Feb 1920               Occupied by Bolshevik forces

27 Oct 1924               Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic proclaimed

13 May 1925               Accession to the U.S.S.R

05 Dec 1936               Turkmen S.S.R

22 Aug 1990               Declaration of State Sovereignty

26 Oct 1991               Referendum supports independence from the U.S.S.R by 96%

27 Oct 1991               Independence declared (Turkmenistan)

31 Dec 1991               Independence effective

Presidents

27 Oct 1991 - 21 Dec 2006 Saparmurad Ataý Nyýaz Türkmenbashi ............. 1940-2006

21 Dec 2006 -             Gurbanguly "Arkadag" Mjälikkuli Berdjmukhammed . 1957-

                          (acting until 14 Feb 2007)

 

Prime Minister

30 Oct 1991 - 18 May 1992 Khan Ahmed Akhmed .............................. 1936-2006