24 Mar 1603 Union of the Crowns unites the Kingdoms England, Ireland

and Scotland in a personal union

19 May 1649 - 16 Dec 1653 Commonwealth of England

16 Dec 1653 - 08 May 1660 Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland

08 May 1660 Union of the Crowns is restored

01 May 1707 Act of Union unites England and Scotland as the

United Kingdom of Great Britain (in personal union with Ireland)

01 Aug 1714 - 20 Jun 1837 In Personal Union with Hannover

01 Jan 1801 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

21 Jan 1919 Independence of the Irish Republic declared (not recognised by

Great Britain)

06 Dec 1921 British-Irish Treaty recognises the independence of the

Irish Free State from Great Britain (a Dominion to 1949)

31 Mar 1922 The Irish Free State treaty comes into effect

06 Dec 1922 The Irish Free State treaty is fully implemented

12 Apr 1927 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

01 Jan 1973 Accession to the EEC

24 Jun 2016 Referendum supports leaving the EU 52% to 48%

. Home .

United Kingdom

Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland

24 Mar 1603 - 17 Mar 1649 Union of the Crowns unites England, Ireland and Scotland

19 May 1649 - 16 Dec 1653 Commonwealth of England

16 Dec 1653 - 08 May 1660 Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland

 

Lord Protectors

16 Dec 1653 - 03 Sep 1658 Oliver Cromwell ........................ 1599-1658

03 Sep 1658 - 07 May 1659 Richard Cromwell ....................... 1626-1712

Speakers of Parliament

07 May - 13 Oct 1659 William Lenthall ....................... 1591-1662

(1st Time)

13 Oct - 25 Oct 1659 Bulstrode Whitlocke .................... 1605-1675

25 Oct - 24 Dec 1659 Committee of Saftey

Speaker of the Parliament of England

24 Dec 1659 - 16 Mar 1660 William Lenthall (2nd Time)

President of the Council of State

16 Mar - 25 Apr 1660 Arthur Annesley ........................ 1614-1686

25 Apr - 29 Apr 1660 Sir Harbottle Grimston ................. 1603-1685

____________________________________________________________________________

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

08 May 1660 Union of the Crowns

01 May 1707 United Kingdom of Great Britain

01 Aug 1714 - 20 Jun 1837 In Personal Union with the Kingdom of Hannover

01 Jan 1801 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

21 Jan 1919 Independence of Ireland (official from 06 Dec 1922)

12 Apr 1927 - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

01 Jan 1973 Accession to the EEC

Government: Constitutional Monarchy.

Capital: London.

Language: English, Welsh, Scotch Gaelic, Irish Gaelic, Cornish.

Ethnic Groups: British (English, Scottish, Welsh, Cornish) 85%, European 5%,

Asian 2%, Black 2%, Irish 1.2%, Other 0.8%.

Religion: Anglican, Roman Catholic, Islam, Jewish.

National Anthem: "God Save the Queen".

National Emblem: The Royal Arms.

National Day: 2nd Saturday in June, The Queen's Birthday.

National Motto: Dieu Et Mon Droit (God and my right).

EU Accession: 1st January 1973.

Currency: British Pound Sterling.

 

Monarchs (1714-1837 also Kings of Hanover)

01 May 1707 - 01 Aug 1714 Stuart, Anne ........................... 1665-1714

01 Aug - 18 Sep 1714 Thomas Parker, Earl of Macclesfield .... 1666-1732

(Head of the Regency council)

01 Aug 1714 - 22 Jun 1727 Hanover, George I ...................... 1660-1727

22 Jun 1727 - 25 Oct 1760 Hanover, George II ..................... 1683-1760

25 Oct 1760 - 29 Jan 1820 Hanover, George III .................... 1738-1820

05 Feb 1811 - 29 Jan 1820 George Augustus Frederick,

Prince of Wales ....................... 1762-1830

(Prince Regent)

29 Jan 1820 - 26 Jun 1830 Hanover, George IV ..................... (s.a)

26 Jun 1830 - 20 Jun 1837 Hanover, William IV .................... 1763-1837

20 Jun 1837 - 22 Jan 1901 Hanover, Victoria ...................... 1819-1901

22 Jan 1901 - 06 May 1910 Wettin, Edward VII ..................... 1841-1910

06 May 1910 - 20 Jan 1936 Wettin, George V ....................... 1865-1936

20 Jan - 11 Dec 1936 Wettin, Edward VIII .................... 1894-1972

11 Dec 1936 - 06 Feb 1952 Wettin, George VI ...................... 1895-1952

06 Feb 1952 - Wettin, Elizabeth II ................... 1926-

Prime Ministers*

26 May 1730 - 22 Feb 1742 Sir Robert Walpole, Earl of Oxford ..... 1676-1745

22 Feb 1742 - 13 Jul 1743 Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington .... 1673-1743

13 Jul 1743 - 06 Mar 1754 Henry Pelham ........................... 1696-1754

06 Mar 1754 - 16 Nov 1756 Thomas Pelham-Holles,

Duke of Newcastle-upon Tyne (1st Time). 1693-1768

16 Nov 1756 - 02 Jul 1757 William Cavindish, Duke of Devonshire .. 1720-1764

02 Jul 1757 - 02 Jul 1762 Thomas Pelham-Holles,

Duke of Newcastle-upon Tyne (2nd Time)

02 Jul 1762 - 16 Apr 1763 John Stuart, Earl of Bute .............. 1713-1792

16 Apr 1763 - 13 Jul 1765 George Grenvill ........................ 1712-1730

13 Jul 1765 - 30 Jul 1766 Charles Watson Wentworth,

Marquess of Rockingham (1st Time) ..... 1730-1782

30 Jul 1766 - 14 Oct 1768 William Pitt, Earl of Chatham .......... 1708-1778

(The Elder)

14 Oct 1768 - 28 Jan 1770 Augustus Henry FitzRoy,

Duke of Grafton ....................... 1735-1811

28 Jan 1770 - 22 Mar 1782 Frederick North, Earl of Guilford ...... 1732-1792

22 Mar - 04 Jul 1782 Charles Watson Wentworth,

Marquess of Rockingham (2nd Time)

04 Jul 1782 - 02 Apr 1783 William Petty-FitzMaurice,

Marquess of Lansdowne ................. 1737-1805

02 Apr - 19 Dec 1783 William Henry Cavendish Bentinck,

Duke of Portland (1st Time) ........... 1738-1809

19 Dec 1783 - 14 Mar 1801 William Pitt "the Younger" (1st Time) .. 1759-1806

14 Mar 1801 - 10 May 1804 Henry Addington, Viscount, Sidmouth .... 1757-1844

10 May 1804 - 23 Jan 1806 William Pitt "the Younger" (2nd Time)

11 Feb 1806 - 31 Mar 1807 William Wyndham Grenville,

Baron Grenville ....................... 1759-1834

31 Mar 1807 - 04 Oct 1809 William Henry Cavendish Bentinck,

Duke of Portland (2nd Time)

04 Oct 1809 - 11 May 1812 Spencer Perceval ....................... 1762-1812

11 May 1812 - 12 Apr 1827 Lord Robert Banks Jenkinson,

Earl of Liverpool ..................... 1770-1828

12 Apr - 08 Aug 1827 George Canning ......................... 1770-1827

31 Aug 1827 - 22 Jan 1828 Fredrick John Robinson,

Viscount of Goderich .................. 1782-1859

22 Jan 1828 - 22 Nov 1830 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington ... 1769-1852

(1st Time)

22 Nov 1830 - 16 Jul 1834 Charles Grey, Earl of Grey ............. 1764-1845

16 Jul - 17 Nov 1834 William Lamb, Viscount Melbourne ....... 1779-1848

(1st Time)

17 Nov - 10 Dec 1834 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington

(2nd Time)

10 Dec 1834 - 18 Apr 1835 Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet ........... 1788-1850

(1st Time)

18 Apr 1835 - 30 Aug 1841 William Lamb, Viscount Melbourne

(2nd Time)

30 Aug 1841 - 30 Jun 1846 Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet (2nd Time)

30 Jun 1846 - 23 Feb 1852 Lord John Russell, Earl Russell ........ 1792-1878

(1st Time)

23 Feb - 19 Dec 1852 Edward George Geoffrey Stanley,

Earl of Derby (1st Time) .............. 1799-1869

19 Dec 1852 - 06 Feb 1855 George Hamilton-Gordon,

Earl of Aberdeen ...................... 1784-1860

06 Feb 1855 - 20 Feb 1858 Henry John Temple,

viscount of Palmerson (1st Time) ...... 1784-1865

20 Feb 1858 - 12 Jun 1859 Edward George Geoffrey Stanley,

Earl of Derby (2nd Time)

12 Jun 1859 - 18 Oct 1865 Henry John Temple,

viscount of Palmerson (2nd Time)

29 Oct 1865 - 28 Jun 1866 Lord John Russell, Earl Russell (2nd Time)

28 Jun 1866 - 27 Feb 1868 Edward George Geoffrey Stanley,

Earl of Derby (3rd Time)

27 Feb - 03 Dec 1868 Benjamin Disraeli,

Earl of Beaconsfield (1st Time) ....... 1804-1881

03 Dec 1868 - 20 Feb 1874 William Ewart Gladstone (1st Time) ..... 1809-1898

20 Feb 1874 - 23 Apr 1880 Benjamin Disraeli,

Earl of Beaconsfield (2nd Time)

23 Apr 1880 - 23 Jun 1885 William Ewart Gladstone (2nd Time)

23 Jun 1885 - 31 Jan 1886 Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyn Cecil,

Marquess of Salisbarry (1st Time) ..... 1830-1903

01 Feb - 25 Jul 1886 William Ewart Gladstone (3rd Time)

25 Jul 1886 - 15 Aug 1892 Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyn Cecil,

Marquess of Salisbarry (2nd Time)

15 Aug 1892 - 05 Mar 1894 William Ewart Gladstone (4th Time)

05 Mar 1894 - 25 Jun 1895 Lord Archibald Philip Primrose,

Earl of Roseberry ..................... 1847-1929 LD

25 Jun 1895 - 12 Jul 1902 Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyn Cecil,

Marquess of Salisbarry (3rd Time)

12 Jul 1902 - 05 Dec 1905 Arthur James Balfour, Earl Balfour ..... 1848-1930 C

05 Dec 1905 - 08 Apr 1908 Sir Henry Campbell Bannermann .......... 1836-1908 LD

08 Apr 1908 - 07 Dec 1916 Herbert Henry Asquith,

Earl of Oxford & Asquith .............. 1852-1928 LD

07 Dec 1916 - 23 Oct 1922 David Llyod George, Earl of Dwyfor ..... 1863-1945 LD

23 Oct 1922 - 22 May 1923 Andrew Bonar Law ....................... 1858-1923 C

22 May 1923 - 22 Jan 1924 Stanley Baldwin, Earl of Bewdley ....... 1867-1947 C

(1st Time)

22 Jan - 04 Nov 1924 James Ramsey MacDonald ................. 1866-1937 L

(1st Time)

04 Nov 1924 - 05 Jan 1929 Stanley Baldwin, Earl of Bewdley

(2nd Time)

05 Jan 1929 - 07 Jun 1935 James Ramsey MacDonald (2nd Time)

07 Jun 1935 - 28 May 1937 Stanley Baldwin, Earl of Bewdley

(3rd Time)

28 May 1937 - 10 May 1940 Arthur Neville Chamberlin .............. 1869-1940 C

10 May 1940 - 26 Jul 1945 Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill .. 1874-1965 C

(1st Time)

26 Jul 1945 - 26 Oct 1951 Clement Richard Atlee, Earl of Atlee.... 1883-1967 L

26 Oct 1951 - 06 Apr 1955 Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill

(2nd Time)

06 Apr 1955 - 10 Jan 1957 Sir Robert Anthony Eden, Earl of Avon .. 1897-1977 C

10 Jan 1957 - 19 Oct 1963 Maurice Harold Macmilan,

Earl of Stockton ...................... 1894-1986 C

19 Oct 1963 - 16 Oct 1964 Alexander Frederick Douglas Home,

Baron Home of Hirsel .................. 1903-1995 C

16 Oct 1964 - 19 Jun 1970 James Harold Willson, Baron of Rievaulx 1916-1995 L

(1st Time)

19 Jun 1970 - 04 Mar 1974 Sir Edward Richard George Heath ........ 1916-2005 C

04 Mar 1974 - 05 Apr 1976 James Harold Willson, Baron of Rievaulx

(2nd Time)

05 Apr 1976 - 04 May 1979 Leonard James Callagham,

Baron Callagham of Cardiff ............ 1913-2005 L

04 May 1979 - 28 Nov 1990 Margaret Hilda Thatcher,

Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven ......... 1925-2013 C

28 Nov 1990 - 02 May 1997 Sir John Major ......................... 1943- C

02 May 1997 - 27 Jun 2007 Anthony Charles Lynton Blair ........... 1953- L

27 Jun 2007 - 11 May 2010 James Gordon Brown ..................... 1951- L

11 May 2010 - 13 Jul 2016 David William Donald Cameron ........... 1966- C

13 Jul 2016 - Theresa Mary May ....................... 1956- C

C=Conservative (Centre Right)

L=Labour (Social Democratic)

LD=Liberal Democrats (Social Liberal)

G=Greens (Environmentalist)

Note: In the majority of cases the Prime Ministers were granted their peerages

after leaving office, to allow them to enter the House of Lords, but are included

here for completeness sake.

____________________________________________________________________________

England

827 Paramount Kingdom of Wessex

c.900 First mention of Anglaland (England)

1016-1042 Danish Rule

14 Oct 1066 Norman conquest

11 Dec 1282 Wales annexed

21 Mar 1413 - 1453 In personal union with France

18 Jun 1541 - 31 Dec 1800 In personal union with Ireland

17 Mar 1649 - 16 Dec 1653 Commonwealth of England

16 Dec 1653 - 08 May 1660 Part of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland

08 May 1660 Kingdom of England (restored)

01 May 1707 Part of United Kingdom of Great Britain

01 Jan 1801 Part of Great Britain and Ireland

06 Dec 1922 Part of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Government: Monarchy.

Capital: London.

Language: English.

Religion: Anglican, Roman Catholic, Islam, Jewish.

National Anthem: "God Save the Queen." "Jerusalem" (unofficial).

National Emblem: English Rose.

National Day: 23 April, St. George's day.

National Motto: Dieu et mon droit (God and my right), "This Green as pleasant land" (unofficial).

Currency: Pound Stirling.

Legendary Kings

410-425 Vortigern, Oein

425-466 Vortigern, Wyrtgeorn I

466-471 Vortigern, Weortymer

471-480 Vortigern, Wyrtgeorn II

480-488 Vortigern, Ambrosius Aurelianus

488 Vortigern, Uthyr Pendragon, King of the Britains

496-537 Vortigern, Arthur, King of the Britains

774 - 26 Jul 796 Offa

Monarchs (of the Kingdom of Wessex until c.900)

827 - 839 Cerdicingas, Egbert of Wessex .............. 775-839

05 Feb 839 - 858 Cerdicingas, Ethelwulf ..................... 795-858

858 - 860 Cerdicingas, Ethelbald ..................... 834-860

21 Dec 860 - 865 Cerdicingas, Ethelbert ..................... 835-865

865 - 24 Apr 871 Cerdicingas, Ethelred I .................... 837-871

24 Apr 871 - 27 Oct 899 Cerdicingas, Alfred ........................ 840-899 "The Great"

27 Oct 899 - 03 Aug 924 Cerdicingas, Edward I ...................... 871-924 "The Elder"

03 Aug 924 - 28 Oct 939 Cerdicingas, Athelstan ..................... 895-939 "The Glorious"

28 Oct 939 - 27 May 946 Cerdicingas, Edmund ........................ 921-946 "The Magnificent"

27 May 946 - 24 Nov 955 Cerdicingas, Eadred ........................ 923-955 "The weak in the feet"

24 Nov 955 - 02 Oct 959 Cerdicingas, Eadwig ........................ 940-959 "The Fair"

02 Oct 959 - 09 Jul 975 Cerdicingas, Edgar I ....................... 943-975 "The Peaceabul"

09 Jul 975 - 19 Mar 978 Cerdicingas, Edward II ..................... 962-978 "The Martyr"

19 Mar 978 - 25 Dec 1013 Cerdicingas, Ethalred II ................. 968-1016 "The Unready"

(1st Time)

25 Dec 1013 - 03 Feb 1014 Skioldung, Sven Forkbeard ............... 960-1014

03 Feb 1014 - 24 Apr 1016 Cerdicingas, Ethalred II (2nd Time)

24 Apr - 30 Nov 1016 Cerdicingas, Edmund II Ironside ......... 993-1016

01 Dec 1016 - 13 Nov 1035 Skioldung, Canute ....................... 995-1035

13 Nov 1035 - 18 Jun 1040 Skioldung, Harold I Harefoot............ 1016-1040

18 Jun 1040 - 09 Jun 1042 Skioldung, Hardecanute ................. 1018-1042

09 Jun 1042 - 05 Jan 1066 Cerdicingas, Edward III ................ 1004-1066 "The Connfessor"

05 Jan - 14 Oct 1066 Cerdicingas, Harold II Godwinsson ...... 1022-1066 "The Ætheling"

14 Oct - 10 Dec 1066 Cerdicingas, Edgar II .................. 1051-1127

25 Dec 1066 - 09 Sep 1087 Normandy, William I .................... 1028-1087 "The Conqueror"

09 Sep 1087 - 02 Aug 1100 Normandy, William II Rufus ............. 1056-1100

02 Aug 1100 - 01 Dec 1135 Normandy, Henry I ...................... 1068-1135

01 Dec - 22 Dec 1135 Normandy, Matilda Countess of Boulogne . 1101-1167

(Lady of the English)

22 Dec 1135 - 25 Oct 1154 Blois, Steven of Blois ................. 1096-1154

06 Apr 1152 - 17 Aug 1153 Blois, Eustace IV, Count of Boulogne ... 1129-1153

(Not recognised)

19 Dec 1154 - 06 Jul 1189 Plantaganet, Henry II .................. 1133-1189

14 Jun 1170 - 11 Jun 1183 Henry "The Young King" ................. 1155-1183

(junior King)

06 Jul 1189 - 06 Apr 1199 Plantaganet, Richard I ................. 1157-1199 "The Lion Heart"

06 Apr 1199 - 19 Oct 1216 Plantaganet, John Lackland ............. 1166-1216 "Bad King John"

02 Jun 1216 - 20 Sep 1217 Capet, Louis of France "the Lion" ...... 1187-1226

(in rebellion in London, claim is retro-

actively revoked by agreement in 1217)

19 Oct 1216 - 16 Nov 1272 Plantaganet, Henry III ................. 1207-1272

11 Nov 1216 - 09 Apr 1219 William Marshal. Earl of Pembroke ...... 1146-1219

(Regent for Henry III)

09 Apr 1219 - Jan 1227 Hugh de Burgh .......................... 1180-1243

(Regent for Henry III)

16 Nov 1272 - 07 Jul 1307 Plantaganet, Edward I (IV) ............. 1239-1307 "Longshanks"

07 Jul 1307 - 25 Jan 1327 Plantaganet, Edward II (V) ............. 1284-1327

25 Jan 1327 - 1330 Capet, Isabella of France .............. 1295-1358 "the She-Wolf"

(Queen-regent, in rebellion from 24 Sep 1326)

25 Jan 1327 - 1330 Roger de Mortimer, Baron de Mortimer,

Earl of March (de-facto ruler) ........ 1287-1330

25 Jan 1327 - 21 Jun 1377 Plantaganet, Edward III (VI) ........... 1312-1377

1374 - 1377 John of Gaunt (Ghent), Duke of Lancaster 1340-1399

(de facto head of government)

21 Jun 1377 - 30 Sep 1399 Plantaganet, Richard II ................ 1367-1400

30 Sep 1399 - 20 Mar 1413 Lancaster, Henry IV Bolingbrook ........ 1367-1413

20 Mar 1413 - 31 Aug 1422 Lancaster, Henry V ..................... 1387-1422

31 Aug 1422 - 04 Mar 1461 Lancaster, Henry VI .................... 1421-1471

(1st Time)

03 Apr 1454 - 25 Feb 1456 Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York ...... 1411-1460

(Protector)

04 Mar 1461 - 02 Oct 1470 York, Edward IV (VII) .................. 1442-1483

(1st Time)

02 Oct 1470 - 11 Apr 1471 Lancaster, Henry VI (2nd Time)

11 Apr 1471 - 09 Apr 1483 York, Edward IV (VII) (2nd Time)

09 Apr - 25 Jun 1483 York, Edward V (VIII) .................. 1470-1483

25 Jun 1483 - 22 Aug 1485 York, Richard III ...................... 1452-1485 "Crookback"

(Regent for Edward V from 09 Apr 1483)

22 Aug 1485 - 21 Apr 1509 Tudor, Henry VII ....................... 1457-1509

21 Apr 1509 - 28 Jan 1547 Tudor, Henry VIII ...................... 1491-1547

28 Jan 1547 - 06 Jun 1553 Tudor, Edward VI (IX) .................. 1537-1553

01 Feb 1547 - 13 Oct 1549 Edward Seymore, Duke of Somerset ....... 1500-1552

(Lord Protector, regent for Edward VI)

13 Oct 1549 - 06 Jul 1553 John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland .... 1502-1553

(regent for Edward VI)

10 Jul - 19 Jul 1553 Grey, Jane ............................. 1537-1554 "The Nine Days Queen"

(disputed)

19 Jul 1553 - 17 Nov 1558 Tudor, Mary I .......................... 1516-1558 "Bloody Mary"

25 Jul 1554 - 17 Nov 1558 Habsburg, Philip II of Spain and Naples 1527-1598

(King consort)

17 Nov 1558 - 24 Mar 1603 Tudor, Elizabeth I ..................... 1533-1603 "The Virgin Queen"

24 Mar 1603 - 27 Mar 1625 Stuart, James I ........................ 1567-1625

(Seumas VI of Scotland)

27 Mar 1625 - 30 Jan 1649 Stuart, Charles I ...................... 1600-1649 "The Martyr"

Speaker of the Parliament of England

04 Jan 1649 - 20 Apr 1653 William Lenthall ....................... s.a

Captain-general and Comander-in-chief

20 Apr - 04 Jul 1653 Oliver Cromwell (1st Time)

Speaker of Parliament

04 Jul - 12 Dec 1653 Francis Rous ........................... 1579-1658

Captain-general and Comander-in-chief

12 Dec - 16 Dec 1653 Oliver Cromwell (2nd Time)

Monarchs

25 May 1660 - 06 Feb 1685 Stuart, Charles II ..................... 1630-1685

06 Feb 1685 - 13 Feb 1689 Stuart, James II ....................... 1633-1701

(Seumas VII of Scotland, fled England 23 Dec 1688

declared deposed; in Ireland 12 Mar 1689 - 02 Jul 1690)

13 Feb 1689 - 28 Dec 1694 Stuart, Mary II ........................ 1662-1694

(co-ruler with William III)

13 Feb 1689 - 08 Mar 1702 Nassau, William III .................... 1650-1702

(Willem van Nassau, prins van Orange)

08 Mar 1702 - 30 Apr 1707 Stuart, Anne ........................... (s.a)

Lord Chancellors

1485 - 24 Dec 1515 Richard Fox, Bishop of Exeter

24 Dec 1515 - 18 Oct 1529 Thomas Cardinal Wolsey

18 Oct 1529 - 16 May 1532 Sir Thomas More

16 May 1532 - 22 Apr 1544 Sir Thomas Audley

22 Apr 1544 - 07 Mar 1547 Sir Thomas Wriothesley

07 Mar - 23 Oct 1547 Sir William Paulet

23 Oct 1547 - 21 Dec 1551 Richard Rich, Baron Rich ............... 1496-1567

Lord High Treasurers and Chief Advisors

03 Feb 1550 - 10 Mar 1572 William Paulet, Earl of Wiltshire,

Marquess of Winchester ................ 1484-1572

Jul 1572 - 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil, Baron Cecil of

Burghley .............................. 1520-1598

15 May 1599 - 19 Apr 1608 Thomas Sackville, Baron Buckhurst,

Earl of Dorset ........................ 1536-1608

04 May 1608 - 24 May 1612 Robert Cecil, Viscount Cranborne,

Earl of Sailsbury

17 Jun 1612 - 24 May 1613 Henry Howard, Earl of Northingham

24 May 1613 - 11 Jul 1614 Thomas Egerton, Baron Ellesmere

11 Jul 1614 - Jul 1618 Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk

Jul 1618 - 14 Dec 1620 George Villiers, Earl of Buckingham

14 Dec 1620 - 30 Sep 1621 Henry Montagu, Viscount Mandville

01 Oct 1621 - 25 Apr 1624 Lionel Cransfield, Baron Cranfield,

Earl of Middlesex

25 Apr 1624 - 15 Jul 1628 James Ley, Baron Ley of Ley,

Earl of Marlborough

15 Jul 1628 - 13 Mar 1635 Richard Weston, Baron Weston,

Earl of Portland

15 Mar 1635 - 06 Mar 1636 William Laud, Archbishop of

Canterbury

06 Mar 1636 - 21 May 1641 William Juxon, Bishop of London

21 May 1641 - 03 Oct 1643 Edward Littleton, Baron Lyttleton

03 Oct 1643 - 30 Jan 1649 Francis Cottington,

Baron Cottington of Hanworth

Lord High Treasurers

08 Sep 1660 - 16 May 1667 Thomas Wriothesley,

Earl of Southampton

01 Jun 1667 - 03 Jan 1670 George Monk, Duke of Albemarle

03 Jan 1670 - 28 Nov 1672 Anthony Ashley Cooper, Baron Ashley

28 Nov 1672 - 19 Jun 1673 Thomas Clifford, Baron Clifford

of Chudleigh

19 Jun 1673 - 06 Mar 1678 Thomas Osborne, Viscount Osborne

of Dunblane

First Lords of the Treasury

06 Mar 1678 - 19 Nov 1679 Arthur Capel, Earl of Essex ............ 1632-1683

19 Nov 1679 - 25 Aug 1684 Laurence Hyde, Viscount Hyde

of Kenilworth (1st Time) .............. 1642-1711

25 Aug 1684 - 16 Feb 1685 Sidney Godolphin, Baron Godolphin ...... 1645-1712

(1st Time)

19 Feb 1685 - 05 Jan 1686 Laurence Hyde, Viscount Hyde

of Kenilworth (2nd Time)

05 Jan 1686 - 08 Apr 1689 John Belasyee, Baron Belasyee .......... 1614-1689

08 Apr 1689 - 19 Mar 1690 Charles Mordaunt, Earl of Monmouth ..... 1658-1735

19 Mar - 15 Nov 1690 John Lowther ........................... 1655-1700

15 Nov 1690 - 01 May 1697 Sidney Godolphin, Baron Godolphin

(2nd Time)

01 May 1697 - 25 May 1699 Charles Montagu (1st Time) ............. 1661-1715

25 Nov 1699 - 12 Dec 1700 Forde Grey, Baron Grey of Werk

Earl of Tankerville ................... 1655-1701

12 Dec 1700 - 27 Dec 1701 Sidney Godolphin, Baron Godolphin

(3rd Time)

27 Dec 1701 - 08 May 1702 Charles Howard, Earl of Carlisle ....... 1669-1738

08 May 1702 - 30 Apr 1707 John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough .... 1650-1722

 

 

English style: "King of England" Latin: Rex Anglorum

 

____________________________________________________________________________

Northern Ireland

Coat of arms 1925-1972

1171 English rule begins

18 Jun 1541 Kingdom of Ireland in personal union with England

01 Jan 1801 Part of Great Britain

03 May 1921 Government of Ireland Act 1920 partitions Ireland

into Northern and Southern Ireland

07 Jul 1921 - 31 Mar 1972 Home rule

06 Dec 1922 Southern Ireland independent

05 Oct 1968 - 1998 Northern Ireland conflict "the Troubles"

01 Apr 1972 - 30 Jun 1998 UK direct rule imposed

08 Mar 1973 Referendum favours union with the UK

(boycotted by nationalists)

01 Jul 1998 - 15 Oct 2002 Home Rule restored

15 Oct 2002 - 08 May 2007 Home rule suspended

08 May 2007 - Home Rule restored

Governors

12 Dec 1922 - 07 Sep 1945 James Albert Edward Hamilton,

Duke of Abercorn ...................... 1869-1953

07 Sep 1945 - 01 Dec 1952 William Spencer,

Earl Spencer of Granville ............. 1880-1953

01 Dec 1952 - 01 Dec 1964 John de Vere Loder, Baron Wakehurst .... 1895-1970

01 Dec 1964 - 01 Dec 1968 John Maxwell Erskine, Baron of Rerrick . 1893-1980

01 Dec 1968 - 18 Jul 1972 Ralph Francis Alnwich Grey,

Baron Grey of Naunton ................. 1910-1999

Secretaries of State for Northern Ireland

01 Apr 1972 - 02 Dec 1973 William Stephen Ian Whitelaw,

viscount Whitelaw ..................... 1918-1999 C

02 Dec 1973 - 05 Mar 1974 Baron Francis Leslie Pym ............... 1922-2008 C

05 Mar 1974 - 10 Sep 1976 Baron Merlyn Rees ...................... 1920-2006 L

10 Sep 1976 - 05 May 1979 Roy Mason, Baron of Barnsley ........... 1924-2015 L

05 May 1979 - 14 Sep 1981 Humphrey Edward Gregory Atkins,

Baron Colnbrook ....................... 1922-1996 C

14 Sep 1981 - 10 Sep 1984 Baron James Michael Leathes Prior ...... 1927- L

10 Sep 1984 - 02 Sep 1985 Douglas Richard Hurd, Baron of Westwell 1930- L

02 Sep 1985 - 24 Jul 1989 Thomas Jeremy King, Baron of Bridgwater 1933- L

24 Jul 1989 - 02 Apr 1992 Peter Leonard Brooke,

Baron of Sutton Manderville ........... 1934- C

02 Apr 1992 - 02 May 1997 Sir Patrick Barnabas Burke Mayhew,

Baron of Twysden ...................... 1929-2016 C

02 May 1997 - 11 Oct 1999 Marjorie Mowlam ........................ 1951-2005 L

11 Oct 1999 - 24 Jan 2001 Lord Peter Benjamin Mandelson .......... 1953- L

24 Jan 2001 - 24 Oct 2002 John Reid .............................. 1947- L

24 Oct 2002 - 06 May 2005 Paul Peter Murphy ...................... 1948- L

06 May 2005 - 28 Jun 2007 Peter Gerald Hain ...................... 1950- L

28 Jun 2007 - 11 May 2010 Shaun Anthony Woodward ................. 1958- L

12 May 2010 - 04 Sep 2012 Owen William Paterson .................. 1956- C

04 Sep 2012 - 14 Jul 2016 Theresa Anne Villiers .................. 1968- C

14 Jul 2016 - James Peter Brokenshire ................ 1968- C

Prime Ministers

07 Jun 1921 - 24 Nov 1940 Sir James Craig ........................ 1871-1940 UUP

24 Nov 1940 - 01 May 1943 John Miller Andrews .................... 1871-1956 UUP

01 May 1943 - 26 Mar 1963 Sir Basil Stanlake Brooke .............. 1888-1973 UUP

26 Mar 1963 - 01 May 1969 Terence Marne O'Neil ................... 1914-1990 UUP

01 May 1969 - 23 Mar 1971 James Dawson Chichester-Clark .......... 1923-2002 UUP

23 Mar 1971 - 30 Mar 1972 Arthur Brain Deane Faulkner ............ 1921-1977 UUP

First Ministers

01 Jul 1998 - 11 Feb 2000 William David Trimble .................. 1944- UUP

(1st Time)

06 Nov 2001 - 15 Oct 2002 William David Trimble (2nd Time)

08 May 2007 - 05 Jun 2008 Ian Richard Kyle Paisley ............... 1926-2014 DUP

05 Jun 2008 - 11 Jan 2016 Peter David Robinson ................... 1948- DUP

11 Jan - 03 Feb 2010 Arleen Isabel Foster ................... 1970- DUP

(1st Time, acting for Robinson)

10 Sep - 20 Oct 2015 Arleen Isabel Foster

(2nd Time, acting for Robinson)

11 Jan 2016 - 07 Jan 2017 Arleen Isabel Foster (3rd Time)

Deputy First Ministers

01 Jul 1998 - 06 Nov 2001 Seamus Frederick Mallon ................ 1936- SDLP

06 Nov 2001 - 14 Oct 2002 Mark Durkan ............................ 1960- SDLP

08 May 2007 - 09 Jan 2017 James Martin Parcelli McGuinniss ....... 1950-2017 SF

SF=Sinn Féin (We Ourselves, Socialist, Irish Nationalist, Irish unionism)

SDLP=Páirtí Sóisialta Daonlathach an Lucht Oibre (Social Democratic and Labour party,

Irish Nationalist, Social Democratic)

DUP=Democratic Unionist Party (Far Right, British Nationalist, pro-Devolution, Unionist)

UUP=Ulster Unionist Party (Conservative, Unionist)

____________________________________________________________________________

Scotland

470 Kingdom of Dàl Riada

... - 834 Kingdom of Picts

06 Feb 858 Unification as Kingdom of Scots and Picts

899 Kingdom of Alba

06 Jan 1156 - May 1493 Lordship of the Isles (Hebrides) under Scottish suzreignty

02 Jul 1266 Kingdom of Scotland

13 Jun 1291 - 17 Nov 1292 English rule

10 Jul 1296 - 07 Jul 1307 English rule

21 Jan 1590 Okney and Shetland Islands ceded to Scotland by Denmark

24 Mar 1603 - 01 May 1707 In Personal Union with England

03 Jun 1653 English occupation

26 May 1652 - 08 May 1660 Part of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland

04 May 1654 - 08 May 1660 Monarchy abolished

08 May 1660 Kingdom of Scotland (restored)

01 May 1707 Act of Union with England as United Kingdom of Great Britain

06 Sep 1715 - 04 Jan 1716 First "Jacobite" rebellion

03 Aug 1745 - 01 Oct 1746 Second "Jacobite" rebellion

01 Jan 1801 Part of Great Britain and Ireland

11 Sep 1997 Referendum endorses home rule

01 Jul 1999 Home rule

18 Sep 2014 Referendum on independence fails 55% No to 45% Yes

 

Monarchs

Cing

Cruithna

Cat

Fidach

Ce

Fotlaig

Cirech

Fortrann

52 - 76 Fib

76 - 86 Gladus

539 - 540 Celtran Mac Gyrom

569 - 574 Garban

574 - 607 Aidanch

607 - 608 Kineadh Kerr

608 - 632 Arthur

632 - 646 Domhnal I

646 - 664 Fadar

664 - 684 Maldach I

684 - 697 Oan

697 - 719 Ainbhceallach

732 Moredach

767 - 7.. Sealbhach

834 - 859 Alpin, Cinàed II mac Ailpín

859 - 862 Alpin, Domhnall II Domnall mac Alpin

862 - 877 Alpin, Causantín I mac Cinàed

877 - 878 Alpin, Áed I Aodh mac Cinàeda

878 - 889 Strathclyde, Eochaidh I (in opposition)

878 - 889 Alpin, Giric I

889 - 904 Alpin, Domhnall III mac Causantín

904 - 943 Alpin, Causantín II ma Áeda

943 - 954 Alpin, Calum I Màel Colium mac Domnall

954 - 962 Alpin, Indulbh I mac Causantin

962 - 967 Alpin, Dubh I mac Maíl Choluim

967 - 971 Alpin, Cuilean I Cuilén mac Iduilb

971 - 973 Alpin, Cinàed II mac Maíl Choluim (1st Time)

973 - 977 Alpin, Amlaibh I mac Iduilb

977 - 995 Alpin, Cinàed II mac Maíl Choluim (2nd Time)

995 - 997 Alpin, Causantín III mac Cuilén

997 - 1005 Alpin, Cinàed III mac Duib

25 Mar 1005 - 25 Nov 1034 Aplin, Calum II Màel Coluim mac Cinàeda

25 Nov 1034 - 15 Aug 1040 Dunkeld, Donnchadh I mac Crinain

15 Aug 1040 - 15 Aug 1057 Moray, MacBeatha I mac Findlàich

15 Aug 1057 - 17 Mar 1058 Moray, Lulach I mac Gillai Comgain

17 Mar 1058 - 13 Nov 1093 Dunkeld, Calum III Màel Coluim mac Donnachada

13 Nov 1093 - May 1094 Dunkeld, Domhnall IV mac Donnchada (1st Time)

May - 12 Nov 1094 Dunkeld, Donnchadh II mac Maíl Choluim

12 Nov 1094 - Oct 1097 Dunkeld, Domhnall IV mac Donnchada (2nd Time)

Oct 1097 - 08 Jan 1107 Dunkeld, Etgair I mac Choluim

08 Jan 1107 - 23 Apr 1124 Dunkeld, Alasdair I mac Maíl Choluim

23 Apr 1134 - 24 May 1153 Dunkeld, Daibhídh I mac Maíl Choluim

24 May 1153 - 09 Dec 1165 Dunkeld, Calum IV Màel Coluim mac Enric

09 Dec 1165 - 04 Dec 1214 Dunkeld, Uillaem I mac Enric

04 Dec 1214 - 06 Jul 1249 Dunkeld, Alasdair II

08 Jul 1249 - 25 Nov 1286 Dunkeld, Alasdair III

25 Nov 1286 - 26 Sep 1290 Sverre, Mairead I ...................... 1283-1290 "The Maid of Norway"

17 Nov 1292 - 10 Jul 1296 Bailiol, Iain I ........................ 1249-1314 "Toom Tabard"

25 Mar 1306 - 07 Jun 1329 Bruis, Raibaert I de Bruis ............. 1274-1329 "The Good"

07 Jun 1329 - 22 Feb 1371 Bruis, Daibhídh II mac Raibaert ........ 1324-1371

22 Feb 1371 - 19 Apr 1390 Stiubhairt, Raibaert II mac Walter ..... 1316-1371 "The Stuart"

19 Apr 1390 - 04 Apr 1406 Stiubhairt, Raibaert III mac Raibaert .. 1340-1406 "The Lame"

04 Apr 1406 - 21 Feb 1437 Stiubhairt, Seumas I mac Raibaert ...... 1394-1437

21 Feb 1437 - 03 Aug 1460 Stiubhairt, Seumas II mac Seumas ....... 1430-1460

03 Aug 1460 - 11 Jun 1488 Stiubhairt, Seumas III mac Seumas ...... 1451-1488

11 Jun 1488 - 09 Sep 1513 Stuibhairt, Seumas IV mac Seumas ....... 1473-1513

09 Sep 1513 - 14 Dec 1542 Stuibhairt, Seumas V mac Seumas ........ 1512-1542

14 Dec 1542 - 24 Jul 1567 Stiubhairt, Mairi I .................... 1542-1587

(Queen of France 10 Jul 1559 - 05 Dec 1560;

prisoner from 16 Jul 1567)

14 Dec 1542 - 03 Jan 1543 David Cardinal Beaton,

Archbishop of St. Andrews ............. 1494-1546

03 Jan 1543 - 12 Apr 1554 James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Arran ...... 1516-1575

(regent for the Kingdom)

12 Apr 1554 - 11 Jun 1560 Queen Marie de Guise ................... 1515-1560

11 Jun 1560 - 19 Aug 1561 George Gordon, Earl of Huntly .......... 1513-1562

(regent for Mairi)

24 Jul 1567 - 27 Mar 1625 Stiubhairt, Seumas VI .................. s.a

(James I of England from 24 Mar 1603)

24 Jul 1567 - 23 Jan 1570 Seumas Stiubhart, 1st Earl of Moray .... 1531-1570

(regent for Seumas VI)

23 Jan 1570 - 04 Sep 1571 Matthew Stiubhart, 4th Earl of Lennox .. 1516-1571

(regent for Seumas VI)

04 Sep 1571 - 28 Oct 1572 Sean Erskine, Earl of Mar .............. 15..-1572

(regent for Seumas VI)

28 Oct 1572 - 10 Mar 1578 Seumas Douglas, 4th Earl Morton ........ 1516-1581

27 Mar 1625 - 30 Jan 1649 Stiubhairt, Teàrlach I ................. s.a

(Charles I of England)

30 Jan 1649 - 06 Aug 1651 Stiubhairt, Teàrlach II (1st Time) ..... s.a

(fled Scotland for France 15 Oct 1651)

English Commanders-in-chief

04 Sep 1650 - 04 Aug 1651 Oliver Cromwell ........................ s.a

04 Aug 1651 - 21 Jan 1652 George Monck ........................... 1608-1676

Commissioners of the Parliament of Commonwealth

21 Jan - 21 Apr 1652 Commissioners

- Oliver St. John ........................ 1598-1673

- Sir Henry Vane ......................... 1613-1662

- Richard Salwey ......................... 1615-1685

- George Fenwick ......................... 1603-1657

- John Lambert ........................... 1619-1684

- Richard Deane .......................... 1610-1653

- Robert Tichborne ....................... 1604-1682

- George Monck ........................... s.a

English Commanders-in-chief

21 Apr - Dec 1652 Richard Deane .......................... s.a

Dec 1652 - 22 Apr 1654 Robert Lilburne ........................ 1613-1665

22 Apr 1654 - 25 May 1660 George Monck ........................... s.a

02 Jan - 25 May 1660 Sir Thomas Morgan ...................... 1604-1679

(acting for Monck)

Monarchs

25 May 1660 - 06 Feb 1685 Stiubhairt, Teàrlach II (2nd Time)

(Charles II of England)

06 Feb 1685 - 11 Apr 1689 Stiubhairt, Seumas VII ................. 1633-1701

(James II of England)

11 Apr 1689 - 28 Dec 1694 Stiubhairt, Mairi II ................... 1662-1694

11 Apr 1689 - 08 Mar 1702 Nassau, Uilleam II ..................... 1650-1702

(Wilem van Nassau, prins van Orange

08 Mar 1702 - 30 Apr 1707 Stiubhairt, Anna I ..................... 1665-1714

06 Sep 1715 - 04 Jan 1716 Stiubhairt, Seumas VIII ................ 1688-1766 "The Old Pretender"

(in distance)

03 Aug 1745 - 01 Oct 1746 Stiubhairt, Teàrlach III ............... 1720-1788 "Bonnie Prince Charlie"

(in rebellion)

Secretaries for Scotland

03 Feb 1709 - 06 Jul 1711 James Douglas, Duke of Queensbury and Dover

30 Sep 1713 - Sep 1714 John Erskine, Earl of Mar

24 Sep 1714 - Aug 1715 James Graham, Duke of Montrose

13 Dec 1716 - 25 Aug 1725 John Ker, Duke of Roxburghe

16 Feb 1742 - 03 Jan 1746 James Hay, Marquess Tweeddale

03 Jan 1746 - 17 Aug 1885 Post Abolished

17 Aug 1885 - 28 Jan 1886 Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox,

Duke of Richmond

08 Feb - Mar 1886 Baron George Otto Trevelyan (1st Time)

05 Apr - 20 Jul 1886 Sean Liam Maule Ramsay, Earl of Dalhousie

05 Aug 1886 - 11 Mar 1887 Arthur James Balfour, Earl of Balfour

11 Mar 1887 - 11 Aug 1892 Lord Schomberg Henry Kerr,

Marquess of Lothian

18 Aug 1892 - 21 Jun 1895 Baron George Otto Trevelyan (2nd Time)

29 Jun 1895 - 09 Oct 1903 Alexander Hugh Bruce,

Lord Balfour of Burleigh

09 Oct 1903 - 02 Feb 1905 Andrew Graham Murray, viscount Dunedin

02 Feb - 04 Dec 1905 John Adrian Louis Hope,

Marquess of Linlithgow

10 Dec 1905 - 13 Feb 1912 John Sinclair, Baron Pentland

13 Feb 1912 - 09 Jul 1916 Thomas McKinnon Wood

09 Jul - 05 Dec 1916 Harold John Tennant

10 Dec 1916 - 19 Oct 1922 Robert Munro, Baron Alness

19 Oct 1922 - 03 Nov 1924 Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson,

viscount Novar

07 Nov 1924 - 07 Jun 1929 Sir John Gilmour

Secretaries of State for Scotland

07 Jun 1929 - 26 Aug 1931 William Adamson

26 Aug 1931 - 01 Oct 1932 Sir Archibald Henry Macdonald Sinclair,

viscount Thurso

01 Oct 1932 - 13 Oct 1936 Sir Godfrey Pattison Collins

13 Oct 1936 - 16 May 1938 Walter Elliot Elliot

16 May 1938 - 15 May 1940 David John Colville, Baron Clydesmuir

15 May 1940 - 12 Feb 1941 Alfred Ernest Brown .................... 1881-1962

12 Feb 1941 - 23 May 1945 Thomas Johnson ......................... 1882-1965

23 May - 26 Jun 1945 Albert Edward Harry Meyer Archibald

Primrose, Earl of Rosebery ............ 1882-1974

03 Aug 1945 - 07 Oct 1947 Joseph Westwood ........................ 1884-1948 L

07 Oct 1947 - 28 Feb 1950 Arthur Woodburn ........................ 1890-1978 L

28 Feb 1950 - 26 Oct 1951 Hector McNeil .......................... 1907-1955 L

30 Oct 1951 - 13 Jan 1957 James Gray Stuart,

Viscount Stuart of Findhorn ........... 1897-1971 C

13 Jan 1957 - 13 Jul 1962 John Scott Maclay, Viscount Muirshiel .. 1905-1992 C

13 Jul 1962 - 18 Oct 1964 Michael Anthony Cristobal Noble,

Baron Glenkinglas ..................... 1913-1984 L

18 Oct 1964 - 19 Jun 1970 Liam Ross, Baron of Marnock ............ 1911-1988 L

(1st Time)

19 Jun 1970 - 05 Mar 1974 Gordon Thomas Calthrop Campbell,

Baron of Croy ......................... 1921-2005 C

05 Mar 1974 - 08 Apr 1976 Liam Ross, Baron of Marnock (2nd Time)

08 Apr 1976 - 05 May 1979 Bruce Millan ........................... 1927- L

05 May 1979 - 11 Jan 1986 George Kenneth Hotson Younger,

Viscount of Leckie .................... 1931- C

11 Jan 1986 - 28 Nov 1990 Sir Malcolm Leslie Rifkind ............. 1946- C

28 Nov 1990 - 05 May 1995 Ian Bruce Lang, Baron Lang of Monkton .. 1940- C

05 May 1995 - 01 May 1997 Michael Bruce Forsyth,

Baron Forsyth of Drumlean ............. 1954- C

02 May 1997 - 17 May 1999 Donald Campbell Dewar .................. 1937-2000 L

17 May 1999 - 24 Jan 2001 John Reid .............................. 1947- L

24 Jan 2001 - 12 Jun 2003 Helen Lawrie Liddell ................... 1950- L

13 Jun 2003 - 06 May 2006 Alistair Maclean Darling ............... 1953- L

06 May 2005 - 28 Jun 2007 Douglas Garven Alexander ............... 1967- L

28 Jun 2007 - 03 Oct 2008 Desmond Henry Browne ................... 1952- L

03 Oct 2008 - 11 May 2010 James Francis Murphy ................... 1967- L

11 May - 29 May 2010 Daniel Grian Alexander ................. 1973- LD

29 May 2010 - 07 Oct 2013 Michael Kevin Moore .................... 1965- LD

07 Oct 2013 - 08 May 2015 Alistair Morrison Carmichael ........... 1965- LD

11 May 2015 - David Gordon Mundell ................... 1962- C

First Ministers

17 May 1999 - 11 Oct 2000 Domhnall Mac an Deoir .................. (s.a) L

(Donald Campbell Dewar)

26 Oct 2000 - 08 Nov 2001 Eanraig Mac Gill-losa (Henry Macleish) . 1948- L

22 Nov 2001 - 17 May 2007 Seac Uilosn MacChonnail

(Jack Wilson McConnell) ................ 1960- L

17 May 2007 - 19 Nov 2014 Alasdair 'Ailig' Salmond

(Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond) .... 1954- SNP

19 Nov 2014 - Nicola Ferguson Sturgeon ............... 1970- SNP

SNP=Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h'Alba (Scottish National Party, Nationalist)

C=Conservative (Centre Right)

G=Greens (Environmentalist)

L=Labour (Social Democratic)

SSP=Scottish Socialist Party (Socialist, Nationalist)

LD=Liberal Democrats (Social Liberal)

____________________________________________________________________________

Wales

11 Dec 1282 Annexed by England

03 Mar 1284 Act of Union with England

07 Feb 1301 - Principality of Wales, title "Prince of Wales"

held by the heir to the English throne

16 Sep 1400 - Feb 1409 Independence revolt

14 Apr 1536 Act of Union with England

1542 Second Act of Union with England

18 Sep 1997 Referendum endorses devolution

16 May 1999 - Devolved government

Princes (Heirs Apparent to the Throne of England from 1301)

11 Dec 1282 - 03 Oct 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffydd

(in rebellion)

07 Feb 1301 - 07 Jul 1307 Lancaster, Edward of Carnarvon (Edward II)

12 May 1343 - 08 Jun 1376 Lancaster, Edward "The Black Prince" ... 1330-1376

20 Nov 1376 - 22 Jun 1377 Richard of Bordeaux (Richard II) ....... (s.a)

15 Oct 1399 - 21 Mar 1413 Henry of Monmouth (Henry V) ............ (s.a)

16 Sep 1400 - 1409 Owain Glyndwr, Prince of Wales ......... 1359-1415?

(in rebellion, crowned prince of Wales in 1404)

13 Oct 1453 - 15 Mar 1454 Lancaster, Edward of Westminster ....... 1453-1471

26 Jun 1471 - 09 Apr 1483 York, Edward of the Sanctuary (Edward V) (s.a)

24 Aug 1483 - 09 Apr 1484 York, Edward of Middleham .............. 1473-1484

24 Aug 1489 - 02 Apr 1502 Tudor, Arthur .......................... 1486-1502

12 Oct 1537 - 28 Jan 1547 Tudor, Edward (Edward VI) .............. (s.a)

04 Jun 1610 - 06 Nov 1612 Stuart, Henry Frederick ................ 1594-1612

29 May 1630 - 30 Jan 1649 Stuart, Charles (Charles II)

10 Jun 1688 - 13 Feb 1689 Stuart, James Francis Edward ........... 1688-1766

08 Jan 1729 - 31 Mar 1751 Hannover, Frederick Louis .............. 1707-1751

19 Aug 1762 - 29 Jan 1820 Hannover, George Augustus Frederick .... (s.a)

08 Dec 1862 - 22 Jan 1901 Wettin, Albert Edward (George V) ....... (s.a)

23 Jun 1910 - 20 Jan 1936 Wettin, Edward Albert Christian

George Patrick David (Edward VIII) .... (s.a)

01 Jul 1969 - Windsor, Charles Phillip Arthur George . 1948-

Lord-lieutenants and Lord Presidents of the Council of Wales and the Marshes

1473 - 01 Oct 1500 John Alcock, Bishop of Ely

1501 - 1512 William Smyth, Bishop of Coventry

1525 - 1534 John Versey, Bishop of Exeter

1534 - 1543 Rowland Lee, Bishop of Lichfield

1543 - 1549 Richard Sampson, Bishop of Chichester

1549 - 1550 John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland

1550 - 1558 William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke,

Baron of Cardiff

1553 - 1555 Nicholas Heath, Bishop of York

1558 - 10 Sep 1559 Gilbert Bourne, Bishop of Bath and Wells

10 Sep - 14 Oct 1559 John Williams, Baron of Thame

1560 - 05 May 1586 Sir Henry Sidney

24 Feb 1587 - 19 Jan 1601 Henry Herbert, Earl of Pembroke

20 Jul 1602 - 12 Sep 1607 Baron Edward la Zouch, Baron St. Maur

12 Sep 1607 - 07 Mar 1617 Baron Ralph Eure

07 Mar - 24 Nov 1617 Baron Thomas Gerard

24 Nov 1617 - 24 Jun 1630 William Compton, Earl of Northampton

11 Jul 1631 - 1642 John Egerton, Earl of Bridgewater

22 Dec 1660 - 20 Jul 1672 Richard Vaughan, Earl of Carbery

20 Jul 1672 - 22 Mar 1689 Henry Somerset, Duke of Beaufort

22 Mar 1689 - 07 Jan 1694 Charles Gerald, Earl of Macclesfield

11 May 1694 - 07 Oct 1715 Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke,

Earl of Montgomery .................... 1656-1733

(South Wales)

31 May 1694 - 10 Mar 1696 Charles Talbot, Duke of Shrewsbury ..... 1660-1718

(North Wales)

10 Mar 1696 - 05 Nov 1701 Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield 1659-1701

(North Wales)

18 Jun - 05 Nov 1702 William, Richard George Stanley,

9th Earl of Derby ..................... 1655-1702

(North Wales)

02 Dec 1702 - 04 Sep 1713 Hugh Cholmondeley, Earl of Cholmondeley 1662-1725

(North Wales)

04 Sep 1713 - 21 Oct 1714 Other Windsor, 2nd Earl of Plymouth .... 1679-1727

(North Wales)

Secretaries of State for Wales

18 Oct 1964 - 05 Apr 1966 James Griffiths ........................ 1890-1975 L

05 Apr 1966 - 05 Apr 1968 Cledwyn Hughes,

Baron Cledwyn of Penrhos .............. 1916-2001 L

05 Apr 1968 - 20 Jun 1970 Thomas George, Viscount of Tonypandy ... 1909-1997 L

20 Jun 1970 - 05 Mar 1974 Peter John Mitchell Thomas,

Baron of Gwydir ....................... 1920-2008 C

05 Mar 1974 - 05 May 1979 John Morris, Baron Morris of Aberavon .. 1931- L

05 May 1979 - 13 Jun 1987 Nicholas Edwards,

Baron Edwards of Crickhowell .......... 1934- C

13 Jun 1987 - 04 May 1990 Peter Edward Walker,

Baron Walker of Worcester ............. 1932- C

04 May 1990 - 27 May 1993 David James Fletcher Hunt,

Baron Hunt of Wirral .................. 1942- C

27 May 1993 - 26 Jun 1995 John Alan Redwood ...................... 1951- C

26 Jun 1995 - 03 May 1997 William Jefferson Hague ................ 1961- C

03 May 1997 - 27 Oct 1998 Ronald Davies .......................... 1946- L

27 Oct 1998 - 28 Jul 1999 Alun Edward Michael .................... 1942- L

28 Jul 1999 - 24 Oct 2002 Paul Peter Murphy L (1st Time)

24 Oct 2002 - 24 Jan 2008 Peter Gerald Hain ...................... s.a L

(1st Time)

24 Jan 2008 - 05 Jun 2009 Paul Peter Murphy (2nd Time)

05 Jun 2009 - 11 May 2010 Peter Gerald Hain (2nd Time)

12 May 2010 - 04 Sep 2012 Cheryl Elise Kendall Gillan ............ 1952- C

04 Sep 2012 - 15 Jul 2014 David Ian Jones ........................ 1952- C

15 Jul 2014 - 19 Mar 2016 Stephen Crabb .......................... 1973- C

19 Mar 2016 - Alun Hugh Cairns ....................... 1970- C

First Ministers

12 May 1999 - 09 Feb 2000 Alun Edward Michael .................... (s.a) L

09 Feb 2000 - 10 Dec 2009 Hywel Rodri Morgan ..................... 1939-2017 L

10 Dec 2009 - Carwyn Howell Jones .................... 1967- L

 

_____________________________________________________________________________

 

L=Labour(Social Democratic)

PL=Plaid Crymru (Party of Wales, Centre Left, pro-Independence)

CY=Crymru Ymlaen (Socialist, pro-Independence)

C= Conservative (Centre Right)

LD= Liberal Democrats (Social Liberal)

©2009

©2005