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United Nations

26 Jun 1945 UN charter signed

24 Oct 1945 Charter comes into force

26 Dec 1991 Former U.S.S.R membership is inherited by Russian Federation

Headquarters: New York, United States.

Languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish.

Anthem: "Hymn of the United Nations".

Day: United Nations Day, 24 October (1945).

 

Secretaries-General

24 Oct 1945 - 31 Jan 1946 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb,

Baron Gladwyn ......................... 1900-1946 (UK)

01 Feb 1946 - 10 Nov 1952 Trygve Halbdan Lie ..................... 1896-1968 (Norway)

10 Apr 1953 - 18 Sep 1961 Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskold ...... 1905-1961 (Sweden)

01 Dec 1961 - 31 Dec 1971 U Thant ................................ 1909-1974 (Burma)

01 Jan 1972 - 31 Dec 1981 Kurt Josef Waldheim .................... 1918-2007 (Austria)

01 Jan 1982 - 31 Dec 1991 Javier Pérez de Cuellar y de la Guellar 1920- (Peru)

01 Jan 1992 - 31 Dec 1996 Boutros Boutros-Ghali .................. 1922-2016 (Egypt)

01 Jan 1997 - 31 Dec 2006 Kofi Atta Annan ........................ 1938- (Ghana)

01 Jan 2007 - 31 Dec 2016 Ban Ki-moon ............................ 1944- (South Korea)

01 Jan 2017 - António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres .... 1949- (Portugal)

Presidents of the General Assembly

10 Jan 1946 - 16 Sep 1947 Paul-Henri Spaak ....................... 1899-1972 (Belgium)

16 Sep 1947 - 16 Apr 1948 Oswaldo Euclides de Sousa Aranha ....... 1894-1960 (Brazil)

16 Apr 1948 - 21 Sep 1948 José Arce .............................. 1881-1968 (Argentina)

21 Sep 1948 - 20 Sep 1949 Herbert Vere Evatt ..................... 1894-1965 (Australia)

20 Sep 1949 - 19 Sep 1950 Carlos Peña Romulo ..................... 1899-1985 (Philippines)

19 Sep 1950 - 06 Nov 1951 Nasrollah Entezam ...................... 1900-1980 (Persia)

06 Nov 1951 - 14 Oct 1952 Luis Padilla Nervo ..................... 1894-1985 (Mexico)

14 Oct 1952 - 15 Sep 1953 Lester B. Pearson ...................... 1897-1972 (Canada)

15 Sep 1953 - 21 Sep 1954 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit .................. 1900-1990 (India)

21 Sep 1954 - 20 Sep 1955 Eelco Nicolaas van Kleffens ............ 1894-1983 (Netherlands)

20 Sep 1955 - 31 Oct 1956 José Guillermo Maza Fernandez .......... 1889-1964 (Chile)

01 Nov - 12 Nov 1956 Rudecindo Ortega Masson ................ 1899-1962 (Chile)

12 Nov 1956 - 17 Sep 1957 Prince Wan Waithayakon ................. 1891-1976 (Thailand)

17 Sep 1957 - 16 Sep 1958 Sir Leslie Munro ....................... 1901-1974 (New Zealand)

16 Sep 1958 - 15 Sep 1959 Charles Habib Malik .................... 1906-1987 (Lebanon)

15 Sep 1959 - 20 Sep 1960 Víctor Andrés Belaúnde Diez Canseco .... 1883-1966 (Peru)

20 Sep 1960 - 20 Sep 1961 Frederick Henry Boland ................. 1904-1985 (Ireland)

20 Sep 1961 - 18 Sep 1962 Mongi Slim ............................. 1908-1969 (Tunisia)

18 Sep 1962 - 17 Sep 1963 Sir Mohammad Zafrulla Khan ............. 1893-1985 (Pakistan)

17 Sep 1963 - 30 Nov 1964 Carlos Sosa Rodríguez .................. 1912- (Venezuela)

01 Dec 1964 - 21 Sep 1965 Alex Quaison-Sackey .................... 1924-1992 (Ghana)

21 Sep 1965 - 20 Sep 1966 Amintore Fanfani ....................... 1908-1999 (Italy)

20 Sep 1966 - 19 Sep 1967 Abdul Rahman Pazhwak ................... 1919-1995 (Afghanistan)

19 Sep 1967 - 24 Sep 1968 Corneliu Manescu ....................... 1916-2000 (Romania)

24 Sep 1968 - 17 Apr 1969 Emilio Arenales Catalán ................ 1922-1969 (Guatemala)

16 Sep 1969 - 15 Sep 1970 Angie Brooks-Randoplh .................. 1928-2007 (Liberia)

15 Sep 1970 - 21 Sep 1971 Edvard Hambro .......................... 1911-1977 (Norway)

21 Sep 1971 - 19 Sep 1972 Adam Malik ............................. 1917-1984 (Indonesia)

19 Sep 1972 - 18 Sep 1973 Stanislaw Trepczynski .................. 1924-2002 (Poland)

18 Sep 1973 - 17 Sep 1974 Leopoldo Benites Vinueza ............... 1905-1996 (Ecuador)

17 Sep 1974 - 16 Sep 1975 Abdelaziz Bouteflika ................... 1937- (Algeria

16 Sep 1975 - 21 Sep 1976 Gaston Thorn ........................... 1928-2007 (Luxembourg)

21 Sep 1976 - 20 Sep 1977 Hamilton Shirley Amerasinghe ........... 1913-1980 (Sri Lanka)

20 Sep 1977 - 19 Sep 1978 Lazar Mojsov ........................... 1920-2011 (Yugoslavia)

19 Sep 1978 - 18 Sep 1979 Indalecio Liévano Aguirre .............. 1917-1982 (Colombia)

18 Sep 1979 - 16 Sep 1980 Salim Ahmed Salim ...................... 1942- (Tanzania)

16 Sep 1980 - 15 Sep 1981 Rüdiger von Wechmar .................... 1923-2007 (West Germany)

15 Sep 1981 - 21 Sep 1982 Ismat T. Kittani ....................... 1929-2001 (Iraq)

21 Sep 1982 - 20 Sep 1983 Imre Hollai ............................ 1925- (Hungary)

20 Sep 1983 - 18 Sep 1984 Jorge Enrique Illueca Sibauste ......... 1918-2012 (Panama)

18 Sep 1984 - 17 Sep 1985 Paul J.F. Lusaka ....................... 1925-1996 (Zambia)

17 Sep 1985 - 16 Sep 1986 Jaime de Piniés ........................ 1917-2003 (Spain)

16 Sep 1986 - 15 Sep 1987 Humayun Rasheed Chowdhury .............. 1928-2001 (Bangladesh)

15 Sep 1987 - 20 Sep 1988 Peter Florin ........................... 1921 - (G.D.R)

20 Sep 1988 - 19 Sep 1989 Dante Maria Caputo ..................... 1933- (Argentina)

19 Sep 1989 - 18 Sep 1990 Joseph Nanven Garba .................... 1943-2002 (Nigeria)

18 Sep 1990 - 17 Sep 1991 Guido de Marco ......................... 1931-2010 (Malta)

17 Sep 1991 - 15 Sep 1992 Samir S. Shihabi ....................... 1925- (Saudi Arabia)

15 Sep 1992 - 21 Sep 1993 Stoyan Dimitrov Ganev .................. 1955-2013 (Bulgaria)

21 Sep 1993 - 20 Sep 1994 Samuel R. Insanally .................... 1936- (Guyana)

20 Sep 1994 - 19 Sep 1995 Amara Essy ............................. 1944- (Côte d'Ivoire)

19 Sep 1995 - 17 Sep 1996 Diogo Freitas do Amaral ................ 1941- (Portugal)

17 Sep 1996 - 16 Sep 1997 Razali Ismail .......................... 1939- (Malaysia)

16 Sep 1997 - 09 Sep 1998 Hennadii Yosypovych Udovenko ........... 1931-2013 (Ukraine)

09 Sep 1998 - 14 Sep 1999 Didier Opertti Badan ................... 1937- (Uruguay)

14 Sep 1999 - 05 Sep 2000 Theo-Ben Gurirab ....................... 1939- (Namibia)

05 Sep 2000 - 12 Sep 2001 Harri Holkeri .......................... 1937-2011 (Finland)

12 Sep 2001 - 10 Sep 2002 Han Seung Soo .......................... 1936- (South Korea)

10 Sep 2002 - 16 Sep 2003 Jan Kavan .............................. 1946- (Czechia)

16 Sep 2003 - 14 Sep 2004 Julian Hunte ........................... 1940- (Saint Lucia)

14 Sep 2004 - 13 Sep 2005 Jean Ping .............................. 1942- (Gabon)

13 Sep 2005 - 12 Sep 2006 Jan Eliasson ........................... 1940- (Sweden)

12 Sep 2006 - 18 Sep 2007 Haya Rashed Al Khalifah ................ 1952- (Bahrain)

18 Sep 2007 - 16 Sep 2008 Srgjan Kerim ........................... 1948- (F.Y.R.O.M)

16 Sep 2008 - 15 Sep 2009 Miguel D'Escoto Brockmann .............. 1943- (Nicaragua)

15 Sep 2009 - 14 Sep 2010 Ali Triki .............................. 1938-2015 (Libya)

14 Sep 2010 - 14 Sep 2011 Joseph Deiss ........................... 1946- (Switzerland)

14 Sep 2011 - 18 Sep 2012 Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser ............. 1952- (Qatar)

18 Sep 2012 - 17 Sep 2013 Vuk Jeremić ............................ 1975- (Serbia)

17 Sep 2013 - 16 Sep 2014 Dr. John William Ashe .................. 1954-2016 (Antigua and Barbuda)

16 Sep 2014 - 15 Sep 2015 Sam Kahamba Kutesa ..................... 1949- (Uganda)

15 Sep 2015 - 13 Sep 2016 Mogens Lykketoft ....................... 1946- (Denmark)

13 Sep 2016 - 12 Sep 2017 Peter Thomson .......................... 1948- (Fiji)

12 Sep 2017 - Miroslav Lajčák ........................ 1963- (Slovakia)

 

____________________________________________________________________________

United Nations Commissioner for Refugees

01 Jan 1951 - 08 Jul 1956 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhard ......... 1901-1956 (Netherlands)

08 Jul - 31 Dec 1956 James M. Read .......................... 1908-1985 (United States)

(acting)

01 Jan 1957 - 31 Dec 1960 August Rudolf Lindt .................... 1905-2000 (Switzerland)

01 Jan 1961 - 31 Dec 1965 Félix Schnyder ......................... 1910-1992 (Switzerland)

01 Jan 1966 - 31 Dec 1977 Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan .............. 1933-2003 (Iran)

01 Jan 1978 - 31 Dec 1985 Poul Hartling .......................... 1914-2000 (Denmark)

01 Jan 1986 - 31 Oct 1989 Jean-Pierre Hocké ...................... 1938- (Switzerland)

01 Nov - 31 Dec 1989 Gerald Hinterling ...................... 1928-2013 (Austria)

(acting)

01 Jan - 02 Nov 1990 Thorvald Stoltenberg ................... 1931- (Norway)

02 Nov 1990 - 18 Feb 1991 Douglas Stafford (United States)

(acting)

18 Feb 1991 - 31 Dec 2000 Sadako Ogata ........................... 1927- (Japan)

01 Jan 2001 - 20 Feb 2005 Rudolphus Franciscus Marie Lubber ...... 1937- (Netherlands)

20 Feb - 15 Jun 2005 Wendy Jean Chamberlain ................. 1948- (United STates)

(acting)

15 Jun 2005 - 31 Dec 2015 António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres .... 1949- (Portugal)

01 Jan 2016 - Filippo Grandi ......................... 1957- (Italy)

 

____________________________________________________________________________

United Nations High Commissioners for Human Rights

05 Apr 1994 - 15 Mar 1997 José Julio Ayala Lasso ................. 1932- (Ecuador)

15 Mar - 12 Sep 1997 Ralph Zacklin .......................... 1937- (UK)

(interim)

12 Sep 1997 - 12 Sep 2002 Mary Terese Winifred Bourke Robinson ... 1944- (Ireland)

12 Sep 2002 - 19 Aug 2003 Sergio Vieira de Mello ................. 1948-2003 (Brazil)

02 Jun 2003 - 01 Jul 2004 Bertrand Gangapersaud Ramcharad ........ 1943- (Guyana)

01 Jul 2004 - 30 Jun 2008 Louise Arbour .......................... 1947- (Canada)

01 Jul - 31 Aug 2008 Kyung-wha Kang ......................... 1955- (South Korea)

(acting)

01 Sep 2008 - 31 Aug 2014 Navanethem Pillay ...................... 1941- (South Africa)

01 Sep 2014 - Prince Zeid Ra'ad Zeid Al-Hussein ...... 1964- (Jordan)

 

____________________________________________________________________________

Members

24 Oct 1945 - Argentina

- Byelorussian S.S.R (Belarus from 19 Sep 1991)

- Brazil

- Chile

- China (01 Oct 1949 - 15 Nov 1971 Republic of China [Taiwan])

- Cuba

- Czechoslovakia (Ceased to be a member as of 31 Dec 1992)

- Denmark

- Dominican Republic

- Egypt

- El Salvador

- France

- Haiti

- Iran

- Lebanon

- Luxembourg

- New Zealand

- Nicaragua

- Paraguay

- Philippines

- Poland

- Saudi Arabia

- Syria

- Turkey

- Ukrainian S.S.R (Ukraine from 01 Dec 1991)

- United Kingdom

- United States

- U.S.S.R (As the Russian Federation from 26 Dec 1991)

- Yugoslavia (Susspended 22 Sep 1992 - 01 Nov 2000, Serbia from 05 Jun 2006)

25 Oct 1945 - Greece

30 Oct 1945 - Indian Empire (Partitioned into India and Pakistan 14 Aug 1947)

31 Oct 1945 - Peru

01 Nov 1945 - Australia

02 Nov 1945 - Costa Rica

- Liberia

05 Nov 1945 - Colombia

07 Nov 1945 - Mexico

- South Africa

09 Nov 1945 - Canada

13 Nov 1945 - Ethiopia

- Panama

14 Nov 1945 - Bolivia

15 Nov 1945 - Venezuela

21 Nov 1945 - Guatemala

27 Nov 1945 - Norway

10 Dec 1945 - Netherlands

17 Dec 1945 - Honduras

18 Dec 1945 - Uruguay

21 Dec 1945 - Ecuador

- Iraq

27 Dec 1945 - Belgium

19 Nov 1946 - Afghanistan

- Iceland

- Sweden

16 Dec 1946 - Thailand

30 Sep 1947 - Pakistan

- Yemen

19 Apr 1948 - Burma

11 May 1949 - Israel

28 Sep 1950 - Indonesia

14 Dec 1955 - Albania

- Austria

- Bulgaria

- Cambodia

- Ceylon (Sir Lamka from 1972)

- Finland

- Hungary

- Ireland

- Italy

- Jordan

- Loas

- Libya

- Nepal

- Portugal

- Romania

- Spain

12 Nov 1956 - Morocco

- Sudan

- Tunisia

18 Dec 1956 - Japan

08 Mar 1957 - Ghana

17 Sep 1957 - Malaysia

12 Dec 1958 - Guinea

20 Sep 1960 - Dahomey (Benin from 1975)

- Cameroon

- Central African Republic (Central African Empire 1976-79)

- Chad

- Congo (Braziville)

- Congo (Kinshasa [Zaire 1971-1997])

- Cyprus

- Gabon

- Ivory Coast

- Madagascar

- Niger

- Somalia

- Togo

- Upper Volta (Burkina Fasso from 1987)

28 Sep 1960 - Mali

- Senegal

07 Oct 1960 - Nigeria

- Nigeria

27 Sep 1961 - Sierra Leone

07 Oct 1961 - Mauritania

14 Dec 1961 - Tanzania

18 Sep 1962 - Algeria

25 Oct 1962 - Uganda

14 May 1963 - Kuwait

01 Dec 1964 - Malawi

- Malta

- Zambia

21 Sep 1965 - Gambia

- Maldives

- Singapore

20 Sep 1966 - Guyana

17 Oct 1966 - Botswana

- Lesotho

09 Dec 1966 - Barbados

14 Dec 1967 - Yemen (Aden, to 22 May 1990)

24 Apr 1968 - Mauritius

24 Sep 1968 - Swaziland

12 Nov 1968 - Equatorial Guinea

13 Oct 1970 - Fiji

21 Sep 1971 - Bahrain

- Bhutan

- Qatar

07 Oct 1971 - Oman

09 Dec 1971 - United Arab Emirates

18 Sep 1973 - Bahamas

- German Democratic Republic (United with West Germany 03 Oct 1990)

- West Germany (United as Germany 03 Oct 1990)

17 Sep 1974 - Baghladesh

- Grenada

- Guinea-Bissau

16 Sep 1975 - Cape Verde

- Mozambique

- Sao Tome and Principe

10 Oct 1975 - Papua New Guinea

12 Nov 1975 - Comoros

04 Oct 1975 - Suriname

21 Sep 1976 - Seychelles

01 Dec 1976 - Angola

15 Dec 1976 - Samoa

20 Sep 1977 - Djibouti

- Vietnam

19 Sep 1978 - Solomon Islands

18 Dec 1978 - Dominica

18 Sep 1979 - Saint Lucia

25 Aug 1980 - Zimbabwe

16 Sep 1980 - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

25 Sep 1981 - Vanuatu

25 Sep 1981 - Belize

11 Nov 1981 - Antigua and Barbuda

23 Sep 1983 - Saint Kitts and Nevis

21 Sep 1984 - Brunei

23 Apr 1990 - Namibia

18 Sep 1990 - Liechtenstein

17 Sep 1991 - Estonia

- North Korea

- South Korea

- Latvia

- Lithuania

- Marshall Islands

- Micronesia

02 Mar 1992 - Armenia

- Kazakhstan

- Kyrgyzstan

- Moldova

- San Marino

- Tajikistan

- Turkmenistan

- Uzbekistan

09 Mar 1992 - Azerbaijan

22 May 1992 - Bosnia and Herzegovina

- Croatia

- Slovenia

31 Jul 1992 - Georgia

19 Jan 1993 - Czechia

- Slovakia

08 Apr 1993 - F.Y.R.O.M

28 May 1993 - Monaco

- Eritrea

28 Jul 1993 - Andorra

15 Dec 1994 - Palau

14 Sep 1999 - Kiribati

- Nauru

- Tonga

05 Sep 2000 - Tuvalu

10 Sep 2002 - Switzerland

27 Sep 2002 - East Timor

28 Jun 2006 - Montenegro

14 Jul 2011 - South Sudan

League of Nations

 

28 Jun 1919 League of Nations Covenant signed

10 Jan 1920 League of Nations Covenant comes into force

20 Apr 1946 League of Nations dissolved and transferes

its reponsibilities to the U.N

 

Secretaries-General of the League of Nation

10 Jan 1920 - 03 Jul 1933 Sir James Eric Drummond (Great Britain)

03 Jul 1933 - 31 Aug 1940 Joseph Louis Anne Avenol (France)

01 Sep 1940 - 19 Apr 1946 Seán Lester (Ireland)

_________________________________________________________________________________________

Members

10 Jan 1920 - Australia

- Argentina (withdrew 1921-1933)

- Belgium

- Bolivia

- Brazil

- Canada

- Chile (withdrew 1938)

- China

- Colombia

- Cuba

- Czechoslovakia

- Denmark

- El Salvador (withdrew 1937)

- France

- Great Britain and Ireland

- Greece

- Guatemala (withdrew 1936)

- Haiti (withdrew 1942)

- Honduras

- Indian Empire

- Italy (withdrew 1937)

- Japanese Empire (withdrew 1933)

- Liberia

- Netherlands

- New Zealand

- Nicaragua

- Norway

- Panama

- Paraguay

- Peru (withdrew 1939)

- Persia (Iran from 1935)

- Poland

- Portugal

- Rumania (withdrew 1940)

- Siam (Thailand from 1939)

- Spain (withdrew 1939)

- Sweden

- Switzerland

- Union of South Africa

- Uruguay

- Venezuela (withdrew 1938)

- Yugoslavia (Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes to 1929)

15 Dec 1920 - Austria (ceased to be a member 11 Mar 1938)

16 Dec 1920 - Bulgaria

- Costa Rica (withdrew 1925)

- Finland

- Luxembourg

17 Dec 1920 - Albania

22 Sep 1921 - Estonia (annexed by the U.S.S.R in 1940)

- Latvia (annexed by the U.S.S.R in 1940)

- Lithuania (annexed by the U.S.S.R in 1940)

18 Sep 1922 - Hungary (withdrew 1939)

10 Sep 1923 - Irish Free State (Ireland from 1937)

28 Sep 1923 - Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

29 Sep 1924 - Dominican Republic

08 Sep 1926 - Germany (withdrew 1933)

23 Sep 1931 - Mexico

18 Jul 1932 - Turkey

03 Oct 1932 - Iraq

18 Sep 1934 - Soviet Union (expelled 14 Dec 1939)

27 Sep 1934 - Afghanistan

28 Sep 1934 - Ecuador

26 May 1937 - Egypt

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