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United Nations

26 Jun 1945 UN charter signed

24 Oct 1945 Charter comes into force

26 Dec 1991 Former U.S.S.R membership is inherited by Russian Federation

Headquarters: New York, United States.

Languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish.

Anthem: "Hymn of the United Nations".

Day: United Nations Day, 24 October (1945).

 

Sercetaries-General

24 Oct 1945 - 31 Jan 1946 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb,

Baron Gladwyn ......................... 1900-1946 (UK)

01 Feb 1946 - 10 Nov 1952 Trygve Halbdan Lie ..................... 1896-1968 (Norway)

10 Apr 1953 - 18 Sep 1961 Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskold ...... 1905-1961 (Sweden)

01 Dec 1961 - 31 Dec 1971 U Thant ................................ 1909-1974 (Burma)

01 Jan 1972 - 31 Dec 1981 Kurt Josef Waldheim .................... 1918-2007 (Austria)

01 Jan 1982 - 31 Dec 1991 Javier Pérez de Cuellar y de la Guellar 1920- (Peru)

01 Jan 1992 - 31 Dec 1996 Boutros Boutros-Ghali .................. 1922-2016 (Egypt)

01 Jan 1997 - 31 Dec 2006 Kofi Atta Annan ........................ 1938- (Ghana)

01 Jan 2007 - 31 Dec 2016 Ban Ki-moon ............................ 1944- (South Korea)

01 Jan 2017 - António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres .... 1949- (Portugal)

Presidents of the General Assembly

10 Jan 1946 - 16 Sep 1947 Paul-Henri Spaak ....................... 1899-1972 (Belgium)

16 Sep 1947 - 16 Apr 1948 Oswaldo Euclides de Sousa Aranha ....... 1894-1960 (Brazil)

16 Apr 1948 - 21 Sep 1948 José Arce .............................. 1881-1968 (Argentina)

21 Sep 1948 - 20 Sep 1949 Herbert Vere Evatt ..................... 1894-1965 (Australia)

20 Sep 1949 - 19 Sep 1950 Carlos Peña Romulo ..................... 1899-1985 (Philippines)

19 Sep 1950 - 06 Nov 1951 Nasrollah Entezam ...................... 1900-1980 (Persia)

06 Nov 1951 - 14 Oct 1952 Luis Padilla Nervo ..................... 1894-1985 (Mexico)

14 Oct 1952 - 15 Sep 1953 Lester B. Pearson ...................... 1897-1972 (Canada)

15 Sep 1953 - 21 Sep 1954 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit .................. 1900-1990 (India)

21 Sep 1954 - 20 Sep 1955 Eelco Nicolaas van Kleffens ............ 1894-1983 (Netherlands)

20 Sep 1955 - 31 Oct 1956 José Guillermo Maza Fernandez .......... 1889-1964 (Chile)

01 Nov - 12 Nov 1956 Rudecindo Ortega Masson ................ 1899-1962 (Chile)

12 Nov 1956 - 17 Sep 1957 Prince Wan Waithayakon ................. 1891-1976 (Thailand)

17 Sep 1957 - 16 Sep 1958 Sir Leslie Munro ....................... 1901-1974 (New Zealand)

16 Sep 1958 - 15 Sep 1959 Charles Habib Malik .................... 1906-1987 (Lebanon)

15 Sep 1959 - 20 Sep 1960 Víctor Andrés Belaúnde Diez Canseco .... 1883-1966 (Peru)

20 Sep 1960 - 20 Sep 1961 Frederick Henry Boland ................. 1904-1985 (Ireland)

20 Sep 1961 - 18 Sep 1962 Mongi Slim ............................. 1908-1969 (Tunisia)

18 Sep 1962 - 17 Sep 1963 Sir Mohammad Zafrulla Khan ............. 1893-1985 (Pakistan)

17 Sep 1963 - 30 Nov 1964 Carlos Sosa Rodríguez .................. 1912- (Venezuela)

01 Dec 1964 - 21 Sep 1965 Alex Quaison-Sackey .................... 1924-1992 (Ghana)

21 Sep 1965 - 20 Sep 1966 Amintore Fanfani ....................... 1908-1999 (Italy)

20 Sep 1966 - 19 Sep 1967 Abdul Rahman Pazhwak ................... 1919-1995 (Afghanistan)

19 Sep 1967 - 24 Sep 1968 Corneliu Manescu ....................... 1916-2000 (Romania)

24 Sep 1968 - 17 Apr 1969 Emilio Arenales Catalán ................ 1922-1969 (Guatemala)

16 Sep 1969 - 15 Sep 1970 Angie Brooks-Randoplh .................. 1928-2007 (Liberia)

15 Sep 1970 - 21 Sep 1971 Edvard Hambro .......................... 1911-1977 (Norway)

21 Sep 1971 - 19 Sep 1972 Adam Malik ............................. 1917-1984 (Indonesia)

19 Sep 1972 - 18 Sep 1973 Stanislaw Trepczynski .................. 1924-2002 (Poland)

18 Sep 1973 - 17 Sep 1974 Leopoldo Benites Vinueza ............... 1905-1996 (Ecuador)

17 Sep 1974 - 16 Sep 1975 Abdelaziz Bouteflika ................... 1937- (Algeria

16 Sep 1975 - 21 Sep 1976 Gaston Thorn ........................... 1928-2007 (Luxembourg)

21 Sep 1976 - 20 Sep 1977 Hamilton Shirley Amerasinghe ........... 1913-1980 (Sri Lanka)

20 Sep 1977 - 19 Sep 1978 Lazar Mojsov ........................... 1920-2011 (Yugoslavia)

19 Sep 1978 - 18 Sep 1979 Indalecio Liévano Aguirre .............. 1917-1982 (Colombia)

18 Sep 1979 - 16 Sep 1980 Salim Ahmed Salim ...................... 1942- (Tanzania)

16 Sep 1980 - 15 Sep 1981 Rüdiger von Wechmar .................... 1923-2007 (West Germany)

15 Sep 1981 - 21 Sep 1982 Ismat T. Kittani ....................... 1929-2001 (Iraq)

21 Sep 1982 - 20 Sep 1983 Imre Hollai ............................ 1925- (Hungary)

20 Sep 1983 - 18 Sep 1984 Jorge Enrique Illueca Sibauste ......... 1918-2012 (Panama)

18 Sep 1984 - 17 Sep 1985 Paul J.F. Lusaka ....................... 1925-1996 (Zambia)

17 Sep 1985 - 16 Sep 1986 Jaime de Piniés ........................ 1917-2003 (Spain)

16 Sep 1986 - 15 Sep 1987 Humayun Rasheed Chowdhury .............. 1928-2001 (Bangladesh)

15 Sep 1987 - 20 Sep 1988 Peter Florin ........................... 1921 - (G.D.R)

20 Sep 1988 - 19 Sep 1989 Dante Maria Caputo ..................... 1933- (Argentina)

19 Sep 1989 - 18 Sep 1990 Joseph Nanven Garba .................... 1943-2002 (Nigeria)

18 Sep 1990 - 17 Sep 1991 Guido de Marco ......................... 1931-2010 (Malta)

17 Sep 1991 - 15 Sep 1992 Samir S. Shihabi ....................... 1925- (Saudi Arabia)

15 Sep 1992 - 21 Sep 1993 Stoyan Dimitrov Ganev .................. 1955-2013 (Bulgaria)

21 Sep 1993 - 20 Sep 1994 Samuel R. Insanally .................... 1936- (Guyana)

20 Sep 1994 - 19 Sep 1995 Amara Essy ............................. 1944- (Côte d'Ivoire)

19 Sep 1995 - 17 Sep 1996 Diogo Freitas do Amaral ................ 1941- (Portugal)

17 Sep 1996 - 16 Sep 1997 Razali Ismail .......................... 1939- (Malaysia)

16 Sep 1997 - 09 Sep 1998 Hennadii Yosypovych Udovenko ........... 1931-2013 (Ukraine)

09 Sep 1998 - 14 Sep 1999 Didier Opertti Badan ................... 1937- (Uruguay)

14 Sep 1999 - 05 Sep 2000 Theo-Ben Gurirab ....................... 1939- (Namibia)

05 Sep 2000 - 12 Sep 2001 Harri Holkeri .......................... 1937-2011 (Finland)

12 Sep 2001 - 10 Sep 2002 Han Seung Soo .......................... 1936- (South Korea)

10 Sep 2002 - 16 Sep 2003 Jan Kavan .............................. 1946- (Czechia)

16 Sep 2003 - 14 Sep 2004 Julian Hunte ........................... 1940- (Saint Lucia)

14 Sep 2004 - 13 Sep 2005 Jean Ping .............................. 1942- (Gabon)

13 Sep 2005 - 12 Sep 2006 Jan Eliasson ........................... 1940- (Sweden)

12 Sep 2006 - 18 Sep 2007 Haya Rashed Al Khalifah ................ 1952- (Bahrain)

18 Sep 2007 - 16 Sep 2008 Srgjan Kerim ........................... 1948- (F.Y.R.O.M)

16 Sep 2008 - 15 Sep 2009 Miguel D'Escoto Brockmann .............. 1943- (Nicaragua)

15 Sep 2009 - 14 Sep 2010 Ali Triki .............................. 1938-2015 (Libya)

14 Sep 2010 - 14 Sep 2011 Joseph Deiss ........................... 1946- (Switzerland)

14 Sep 2011 - 18 Sep 2012 Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser ............. 1952- (Qatar)

18 Sep 2012 - 17 Sep 2013 Vuk Jeremić ............................ 1975- (Serbia)

17 Sep 2013 - 16 Sep 2014 Dr. John William Ashe .................. 1954-2016 (Antigua and Barbuda)

16 Sep 2014 - 15 Sep 2015 Sam Kahamba Kutesa ..................... 1949- (Uganda)

15 Sep 2015 - 13 Sep 2016 Mogens Lykketoft ....................... 1946- (Denmark)

13 Sep 2016 - Peter Thomson .......................... 1948- (Fiji)

 

____________________________________________________________________________

United Nations Commissioner for Refugees

01 Jan 1951 - 08 Jul 1956 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhard ......... 1901-1956 (Netherlands)

08 Jul - 31 Dec 1956 James M. Read .......................... 1908-1985 (United States)

(acting)

01 Jan 1957 - 31 Dec 1960 August Rudolf Lindt .................... 1905-2000 (Switzerland)

01 Jan 1961 - 31 Dec 1965 Félix Schnyder ......................... 1910-1992 (Switzerland)

01 Jan 1966 - 31 Dec 1977 Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan .............. 1933-2003 (Iran)

01 Jan 1978 - 31 Dec 1985 Poul Hartling .......................... 1914-2000 (Denmark)

01 Jan 1986 - 31 Oct 1989 Jean-Pierre Hocké ...................... 1938- (Switzerland)

01 Nov - 31 Dec 1989 Gerald Hinterling ...................... 1928-2013 (Austria)

(acting)

01 Jan - 02 Nov 1990 Thorvald Stoltenberg ................... 1931- (Norway)

02 Nov 1990 - 18 Feb 1991 Douglas Stafford (United States)

(acting)

18 Feb 1991 - 31 Dec 2000 Sadako Ogata ........................... 1927- (Japan)

01 Jan 2001 - 20 Feb 2005 Rudolphus Franciscus Marie Lubber ...... 1937- (Netherlands)

20 Feb - 15 Jun 2005 Wendy Jean Chamberlain ................. 1948- (United STates)

(acting)

15 Jun 2005 - 31 Dec 2015 António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres .... 1949- (Portugal)

01 Jan 2016 - Filippo Grandi ......................... 1957- (Italy)

 

____________________________________________________________________________

United Nations High Commissioners for Human Rights

05 Apr 1994 - 15 Mar 1997 José Julio Ayala Lasso ................. 1932- (Ecuador)

15 Mar - 12 Sep 1997 Ralph Zacklin .......................... 1937- (UK)

(interim)

12 Sep 1997 - 12 Sep 2002 Mary Terese Winifred Bourke Robinson ... 1944- (Ireland)

12 Sep 2002 - 19 Aug 2003 Sergio Vieira de Mello ................. 1948-2003 (Brazil)

02 Jun 2003 - 01 Jul 2004 Bertrand Gangapersaud Ramcharad ........ 1943- (Guyana)

01 Jul 2004 - 30 Jun 2008 Louise Arbour .......................... 1947- (Canada)

01 Jul - 31 Aug 2008 Kyung-wha Kang ......................... 1955- (South Korea)

(acting)

01 Sep 2008 - 31 Aug 2014 Navanethem Pillay ...................... 1941- (South Africa)

01 Sep 2014 - Prince Zeid Ra'ad Zeid Al-Hussein ...... 1964- (Jordan)

 

____________________________________________________________________________

Members

24 Oct 1945 - Argentina

- Byelorussian S.S.R (Belarus from 19 Sep 1991)

- Brazil

- Chile

- China (01 Oct 1949 - 15 Nov 1971 Republic of China [Taiwan])

- Cuba

- Czechoslovakia (Ceased to be a member as of 31 Dec 1992)

- Denmark

- Dominican Republic

- Egypt

- El Salvador

- France

- Haiti

- Iran

- Lebanon

- Luxembourg

- New Zealand

- Nicaragua

- Paraguay

- Philippines

- Poland

- Saudi Arabia

- Syria

- Turkey

- Ukrainian S.S.R (Ukraine from 01 Dec 1991)

- United Kingdom

- United States

- U.S.S.R (As the Russian Federation from 26 Dec 1991)

- Yugoslavia (Susspended 22 Sep 1992 - 01 Nov 2000, Serbia from 05 Jun 2006)

25 Oct 1945 - Greece

30 Oct 1945 - Indian Empire (Partitioned into India and Pakistan 14 Aug 1947)

31 Oct 1945 - Peru

01 Nov 1945 - Australia

02 Nov 1945 - Costa Rica

- Liberia

05 Nov 1945 - Colombia

07 Nov 1945 - Mexico

- South Africa

09 Nov 1945 - Canada

13 Nov 1945 - Ethiopia

- Panama

14 Nov 1945 - Bolivia

15 Nov 1945 - Venezuela

21 Nov 1945 - Guatemala

27 Nov 1945 - Norway

10 Dec 1945 - Netherlands

17 Dec 1945 - Honduras

18 Dec 1945 - Uruguay

21 Dec 1945 - Ecuador

- Iraq

27 Dec 1945 - Belgium

19 Nov 1946 - Afghanistan

- Iceland

- Sweden

16 Dec 1946 - Thailand

30 Sep 1947 - Pakistan

- Yemen

19 Apr 1948 - Burma

11 May 1949 - Israel

28 Sep 1950 - Indonesia

14 Dec 1955 - Albania

- Austria

- Bulgaria

- Cambodia

- Sri Lanka

- Finland

- Hungary

- Ireland

- Italy

- Jordan

- Loas

- Libya

- Nepal

- Portugal

- Romania

- Spain

12 Nov 1956 - Morocco

- Sudan

- Tunisia

18 Dec 1956 - Japan

08 Mar 1957 - Ghana

17 Sep 1957 - Malaysia

12 Dec 1958 - Guinea

20 Sep 1960 - Benin

- Cameroon

- Central African Republic

- Chad

- Congo (Braziville)

- Congo (Kinshasa[Zaire 1971-1997])

- Cyprus

- Gabon

- Ivory Coast

- Madagascar

- Niger

- Somalia

- Togo

- Upper Volta (Burkina Fasso from 1987)

28 Sep 1960 - Mali

- Senegal

07 Oct 1960 - Nigeria

- Nigeria

27 Sep 1961 - Sierra Leone

07 Oct 1961 - Mauritania

14 Dec 1961 - Tanzania

18 Sep 1962 - Algeria

25 Oct 1962 - Uganda

14 May 1963 - Kuwait

01 Dec 1964 - Malawi

- Malta

- Zambia

21 Sep 1965 - Gambia

- Maldives

- Singapore

20 Sep 1966 - Guyana

17 Oct 1966 - Botswana

- Lesotho

09 Dec 1966 - Barbados

14 Dec 1967 - Yemen (Aden, to 22 May 1990)

24 Apr 1968 - Mauritius

24 Sep 1968 - Swaziland

12 Nov 1968 - Equatorial Guinea

13 Oct 1970 - Fiji

21 Sep 1971 - Bahrain

- Bhutan

- Qatar

07 Oct 1971 - Oman

09 Dec 1971 - United Arab Emirates

18 Sep 1973 - Bahamas

- German Democratic Republic (United with West Germany 03 Oct 1990

- West Germany (United as Germany 03 Oct 1990)

17 Sep 1974 - Baghladesh

- Grenada

- Guinea-Bissau

16 Sep 1975 - Cape Verde

- Mozambique

- Sao Tome and Principe

10 Oct 1975 - Papua New Guinea

12 Nov 1975 - Comoros

04 Oct 1975 - Suriname

21 Sep 1976 - Seychelles

01 Dec 1976 - Angola

15 Dec 1976 - Samoa

20 Sep 1977 - Djibouti

- Vietnam

19 Sep 1978 - Solomon Islands

18 Dec 1978 - Dominica

18 Sep 1979 - Saint Lucia

25 Aug 1980 - Zimbabwe

16 Sep 1980 - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

25 Sep 1981 - Vanuatu

25 Sep 1981 - Belize

11 Nov 1981 - Antigua and Barbuda

23 Sep 1983 - Saint Kitts and Nevis

21 Sep 1984 - Brunei

23 Apr 1990 - Namibia

18 Sep 1990 - Liechtenstein

17 Sep 1991 - Estonia

- Korea (North)

- Korea (South)

- Latvia

- Lithuania

- Marshall Islands

- Micronesia

02 Mar 1992 - Armenia

- Kazakhstan

- Kyrgyzstan

- Moldova

- San Marino

- Tajikistan

- Turkmenistan

- Uzbekistan

09 Mar 1992 - Azerbaijan

22 May 1992 - Bosnia and Herzegovina

- Croatia

- Slovenia

31 Jul 1992 - Georgia

19 Jan 1993 - Czechia

- Slovakia

08 Apr 1993 - F.Y.R.O.M

28 May 1993 - Monaco

- Eritrea

28 Jul 1993 - Andorra

15 Dec 1994 - Palau

14 Sep 1999 - Kiribati

- Nauru

- Tonga

05 Sep 2000 - Tuvalu

10 Sep 2002 - Switzerland

27 Sep 2002 - East Timor

28 Jun 2006 - Montenegro

14 Jul 2011 - South Sudan

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