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United States of America

1607 - 1620 First English colonies founded

01 May 1707 British colony

23 Aug 1775 In rebellion against Great Britain

04 Jul 1776 Independence declared (United States of America)

03 Sep 1783 Independence recognised by Great Britain

04 Mar 1789 Constitution ratified

20 Dec 1803 Louisiana purchased from France

23 Feb 1819 Florida purchased from Spain

29 Dec 1845 Republic of Texas annexed

15 Jun 1846 Oregon country annexed

07 Jul 1846 Republic of California occupied (annexed 02 Feb 1848)

02 Feb 1848 Mexican cession annexed

(Arizona, Califonia, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico and Utah)

08 Feb 1861 - 10 May 1865 Secession of Confederate States

30 Mar 1867 Alaska Purchased from Russian Empire

07 Jul 1898 Kingdom Hawaii annexed

13 Aug 1898 - 04 Jul 1946 Philippines a U.S territory

10 Dec 1898 Porto Rico ceded to U.S by Spain

01 Jan 1899 - 20 May 1902 Cuba ceded to the U.S by Spain

04 Jul 1960 Fifthtieth state admitted

 

Government: Federal Republic.

Capital: Washington DC.

Language: English, Spanish, German.

Religion: Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish.

National Anthem: "The Star Spangelled Banner."

National Emblem: Bald Eagel.

National Holiday: Independece day, 4th July, from Great Britan (1776).

National Motto: In God we Trust.

Currency: U.S Dollar.

 

Presidents of the Congress

04 Jul 1776 - 29 Oct 1777 John Hancock ............................. 1737-1793

29 Oct      - 01 Nov 1777 Charles Thomson .......................... 1729-1824

                          (acting)

01 Nov 1777 - 09 Dec 1778 Henry Laurence ........................... 1724-1792

09 Dec 1778 - 28 Sep 1779 John Jay ................................. 1745-1829

28 Sep 1779 - 10 Jul 1781 Samuel Hutington ......................... 1731-1796

Presidents of the United States in Congress Assembled

10 Jul      - 04 Nov 1781 Thomas Mckean ............................ 1734-1817

05 Nov 1781 - 03 Nov 1782 John Hanson .............................. 1721-1783

03 Nov 1782 - 02 Nov 1783 Elias Bounidot ........................... 1740-1821

02 Nov 1783 - 31 Oct 1784 Thomas Miffilin .......................... 1744-1800

31 Oct 1784 - 06 Nov 1785 Rachard Henry Lee ........................ 1732-1794

06 Nov 1785 - 05 Jun 1786 John Hancock ............................. (s.a)

05 Jun 1786 - 04 Nov 1787 Arthur St Clair .......................... 1736-1818

04 Nov 1787 - 02 Nov 1788 Cyrus Griffin ............................ 1748-1810

Speaker of the House of Representatives

02 Nov 1788 - 30 Apr 1789 Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg ............ 1750-1801

Presidents

30 Apr 1789 - 04 Mar 1797 George Washington ........................ 1741-1799   (VA)

04 Mar 1797 - 04 Mar 1801 John Adams ............................... 1735-1826 F (MA)

04 Mar 1801 - 04 Mar 1809 Thomas Jefferson ......................... 1743-1826 DR(VA)

04 Mar 1809 - 04 Mar 1817 James Madison ............................ 1751-1836 DR(VA)

04 Mar 1817 - 04 Mar 1825 James Monroe ............................. 1758-1831 DR(VA)

04 Mar 1825 - 04 Mar 1829 John Quincy Adams ........................ 1767-1848 DR(MA)

04 Mar 1825 - 04 Mar 1837 Andrew Jackson ........................... 1767-1845 D (TN)

04 Mar 1836 - 04 Mar 1841 Marten Van Burden ........................ 1782-1862 D (NY)

04 Mar      - 04 Apr 1841 William Henry Harrison ................... 1773-1841 W (OH)

04 Apr 1841 - 04 Mar 1845 John Tyler ............................... 1790-1862 I (VA)

04 Mar 1845 - 04 Mar 1849 James Knox Polk .......................... 1795-1849 D (TN)

04 Mar 1849 - 09 Jul 1850 Zachary Taylor ........................... 1784-1850 R (LA)

09 Jul 1850 - 04 Mar 1853 Millard Fillmore ......................... 1800-1874 R (NY)

04 Mar 1853 - 04 Mar 1857 Franklin Pierce .......................... 1804-1869 D (NH)

04 Mar 1857 - 04 Mar 1861 James Buchanan ........................... 1791-1868 D (PA)

04 Mar 1861 - 15 Apr 1865 Abraham Lincoln .......................... 1809-1865 R (IL)

15 Apr 1865 - 04 Mar 1869 Andrew Johnson ........................... 1808-1875 D (TN)

04 Mar 1869 - 04 Mar 1877 Ulysses Simpson Grant .................... 1822-1885 R (IL)

04 Mar 1877 - 04 Mar 1881 Rutherford Birchard Hayes ................ 1822-1893 R (OH)

04 Mar      - 19 Sep 1881 James Abram Garfield ..................... 1831-1881 R (OH)

19 Sep 1881 - 04 Mar 1885 Chester Alan Arther ...................... 1829-1886 R (NY)

04 Mar 1885 - 04 Mar 1889 Grover Stephan Cleveland (1st Time) ...... 1837-1908 D (NY)

04 Mar 1889 - 04 Mar 1893 Benjaman Harrison ........................ 1833-1901 R (IN)

04 Mar 1893 - 04 Mar 1897 Grover Stephan Cleveland (2nd Time)

04 Mar 1897 - 14 Sep 1901 William Mckinley ......................... 1843-1901 R (OH)

14 Sep 1901 - 04 Mar 1909 Theodor Roosevelt ........................ 1858-1919 R (NY)

04 Mar 1909 - 04 Mar 1913 William Howard Taft ...................... 1857-1930 R (OH)

04 Mar 1913 - 04 Mar 1921 Woodrow Thomas Willson ................... 1856-1924 D (NJ)

04 Mar 1921 - 02 Aug 1923 Warren Gamalien Harding .................. 1865-1923 R (OH)

02 Aug 1923 - 04 Mar 1929 John Calvin Coolidge ..................... 1872-1933 R (MA)

04 Mar 1929 - 04 Mar 1933 Herbert Clark Hoover ..................... 1874-1964 R (CA)

04 Mar 1933 - 12 Apr 1945 Franklin Delano Roosevelt ................ 1882-1945 D (NY)

12 Apr 1945 - 20 Jan 1953 Henry S. Trueman ......................... 1884-1972 D (MO)

20 Jan 1953 - 20 Jan 1961 Dwight David Eisenhower .................. 1890-1969 R (KS)

20 Jan 1961 - 22 Nov 1963 John Fitzgerald Kennedy .................. 1917-1963 D (MA)

22 Nov 1963 - 20 Jan 1969 Lydon Baines Johnson ..................... 1908-1973 D (TX)

20 Jan 1969 - 09 Aug 1974 Richard Milhous Nixson ................... 1913-1994 R (CA)

09 Aug 1974 - 20 Jan 1977 Gerald Rudolph Ford ...................... 1913-2006 R (MI)

20 Jan 1977 - 20 Jan 1981 James Earl Carter ........................ 1924-     D (GA)

20 Jan 1981 - 20 Jan 1989 Ronald Wilson Reagen ..................... 1911-2004 R (CA)

20 Jan 1989 - 20 Jan 1993 George Herbert Walker Bush ............... 1924-     R (TX)

20 Jan 1993 - 20 Jan 2001 William Jefferson Clinton ................ 1946-     D (AR)

20 Jan 2001 - 20 Jan 2009 George Walker Bush ....................... 1946-     R (TX)

20 Jan 2009 - 20 Jan 2017 Barack Hussein Obama ..................... 1961-     D (IL)

20 Jan 2017 - Donald John Trump ........................ 1946- R (NY)

 

 

Vice-Presidents

21 Apr 1789 - 04 Mar 1797 John Adams ............................... (s.a) F

04 Mar 1797 - 04 Mar 1801 Thomas Jefferson ......................... (s.a) DR

04 Mar 1801 - 04 Mar 1805 Aaron Burr ............................... 1756-1836 DR(NY)

04 Mar 1805 - 20 Apr 1812 George Clinton ........................... 1739-1812 DR(NY)

04 Mar 1813 - 23 Nov 1814 Elbridge Gerry ........................... 1744-1814 DR(MA)

04 Mar 1817 - 04 Mar 1825 Daniel D. Tompkins ....................... 1744-1825 DR(NY)

04 Mar 1825 - 28 Dec 1832 John Caldwell Calhoun .................... 1782-1850 DR(SC)

04 Mar 1833 - 04 Mar 1837 Martin van Buren ......................... (s.a) DR

04 Mar 1837 - 04 Mar 1841 Richard Mentor Johnson ................... 1780-1850 DR(KT)

04 Mar - 04 Apr 1841 John Tyler ............................... (s.a) W

04 Mar 1845 - 04 Mar 1849 George Mifflin Dallas .................... 1792-1864 DR(PS)

04 Mar 1849 - 09 Jul 1850 Millard Fillmore ......................... (s.a) W

04 Mar - 18 Apr 1853 William Rufus de Vane King ............... 1786-1853 D (AL)

04 Mar 1857 - 04 Mar 1861 John Cabell Breckinridge ................. 1821-1875 D (KT)

04 Mar 1861 - 04 Mar 1865 Hannibal Hamlin .......................... 1809-1891 R (ME)

04 Mar - 15 Apr 1865 Andrew Johnson ........................... (s.a) D

04 Mar 1869 - 04 Mar 1873 Schuyler Colfax .......................... 1823-1885 R (IN)

04 Mar 1873 - 22 Nov 1875 Henry Wilson ............................. 1812-1875 R (MA)

04 Mar 1877 - 04 Mar 1881 William Almon Wheeler .................... 1819-1887 R (NY)

04 Mar - 19 Sep 1881 Chester Allen Arthur ..................... 1830-1886 R (NY)

04 Mar 1885 - 04 Mar 1889 Thomas Andrew Hendricks .................. 1819-1885 D (IN)

04 Mar 1889 - 04 Mar 1893 Levi Parsons Morton ...................... 1824-1920 R (NY)

04 Mar 1893 - 04 Mar 1897 Adlai Ewing Stevenson .................... 1835-1914 D (IL)

04 Mar 1897 - 21 Nov 1899 Garret Augustus Hobart ................... 1844-1899 R (NJ)

04 Mar - 14 Sep 1901 Theodore Roosevelt ....................... (s.a) R

04 Mar 1905 - 04 Mar 1909 Charles Warren Fairbanks ................. 1852-1918 R (IN)

04 Mar 1909 - 30 Oct 1912 James Schoolcraft Sherman ................ 1855-1912 R (NY)

04 Mar 1913 - 04 Mar 1921 Thomas Riley Marshall .................... 1854-1925 D (IN)

04 Mar 1921 - 02 Aug 1923 John Calvin Coolidge ..................... (s.a) R

04 Mar 1925 - 04 Mar 1929 Charles Gates Dawes ...................... 1865-1951 R (IL)

04 Mar 1929 - 04 Mar 1933 Charles Curtis ........................... 1860-1936 R (KS)

04 Mar 1933 - 20 Jan 1941 John Nance Garner ........................ 1868-1967 D (TX)

20 Jan 1941 - 20 Jan 1945 Henry Agard Wallace ...................... 1888-1965 D (IA)

20 Jan - 12 Apr 1945 Henry S. Trueman ......................... (s.a) D

20 Jan 1945 - 20 Jan 1953 Alban William Barkley .................... 1877-1956 D (KY)

21 Jan 1953 - 20 Jan 1961 Richard Milhous Nixon .................... (s.a) R

20 Jan 1961 - 22 Nov 1963 Lyndon Baines Johnson .................... (s.a) D

20 Jan 1965 - 20 Jan 1969 Hubert Horatio Humphrey .................. 1911-1978 D (MN)

20 Jan 1969 - 10 Oct 1973 Spiro Theodore Agnew ..................... 1918-1996 R (MD)

06 Dec 1973 - 09 Aug 1974 Gerald Rudolph Ford ...................... (s.a) R

19 Dec 1974 - 20 Jan 1977 Nelson Aldrich Rockerfeller .............. 1908-1979 R (NY)

20 Jan 1977 - 20 Jan 1981 Walter Frederick Mondale ................. 1928- D (MN)

20 Jan 1981 - 20 Jan 1989 George Herbert Walker Bush ............... (s.a) R

20 Jan 1989 - 20 Jan 1993 James Danford Quayle ..................... 1947- R (IN)

20 Jan 1993 - 20 Jan 2001 Albert Arnold Gore ....................... 1948- D (TN)

20 Jan 2001 - 20 Jan 2009 Richard Bruce Cheney ..................... 1941- R (WY)

20 Jan 2009 - 20 Jan 2017 Joseph Robinette Biden ................... 1942- D (DE)

20 Jan 2017 - Michael Richard Pence .................... 1959- R (IN)

 

 

 

Political Parties

D=Democratic (Liberalism, Third Way, Progressivism)

R=Republican (Conservatism, Neo-Conservatism, economic liberalism)

I=Independent

Former Parties

D-R=Democratic-Republican (Nationalism, Isolationism)

F=Federalist (Federalism)

W=Whig (Classical liberalism, Anti-Masonry)

 

U.S State Abbreviations: AL=Alabama, AK=Alaska, AZ=Arizona, AR=Arkansas, CA=California, CO=Colorado, CT=Connecticut, DE=Delaware, FL=Florida, GA=Georgia, HI=Hawaii, ID=Idaho, IL=Illinois, IN=Indiana, IA=Iowa, KS=Kansas, KY=Kentucky, LA=Louisiana, ME=Maine, MD=Maryland, MA=Massachusetts, MI=Michigan, MN=Minnesota, MS=Mississippi, MO=Missouri, MT=Montana, NE=Nebraska, NV=Nevada, NEW Hampshire, NJ=New Jersey, NM=New Mexico, NY=New York, NC=North Carolina, ND=North Dakota, OH=Ohio, OK-Oklahoma, OR=Oregon, PA=Pennsylvania, RI=Rhode Island, SC=South Carolina, SD=South Dakota, TN=Tennessee, TX=Texas, UT=Utah, VT=Vermont, VA=Virginia, WA=Washington, WV=West Virginia, WI=Wisconsin, WY=Wyoming.

 

 

Orders: Presidential Order of Freedom (Civilian).

Medal of Honor (Military).

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Confederation States of America

09 Jul 1860 - 08 Feb 1861 Congress of Secessionist States

08 Feb 1861 Confederate States of America founded by

Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi

and South Carolina

20 May 1861 Accession of Arkansas and North Carolina

23 May 1861 Accession of Virginia

22 Jul 1861 Accession of Tennessee

28 Nov 1861 Accession of Missouri

10 Dec 1861 Accession of Kentucky

10 May 1865 Confederation dissolved by Federal intervention

Chairan of Congress

09 Jul 1860 - 04 Feb 1861 Robert Woodward Barnell .................. 1801-1882

President of Congress

04 Feb - 18 Feb 1861 Howell Cobb .............................. 1815-1868

President

18 Feb 1861 - 10 May 1865 Jefferson Finis Davis .................... 1808-1889

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