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Vatican City

 

Emblem of the Papacy

c.60 AD Church of Rome established by St. Peter

754 - 17 Oct 1870 Papal States ruled by the Pope

09 Mar 1309 - 13 Jan 1377 Popes rule from Avignon, France

10 Jun 1809 - 24 Mar 1814 Papal States Occupied by France

17 Mar 1861 Papal States annexed to Italy

17 Oct 1870 Rome annexed to Italy

07 Jun 1929 Independence from Italy, State of Vatican City

Popes

754 - 19 Oct 1870 The Popes of The Roman Catholic Church

(de facto 19 Oct 1870 - 07 Jun 1929)

Sovereigns (Popes of the Roman Catholic Church)

07 Jun 1929 - 10 Feb 1939 Pius XI ................................... 1857-1939

10 Feb - 02 Mar 1939 Gennaro Cardinal Granito

Pignatelli di Belmonte ................... 1851-1948

+ Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli ................ 1876-1958

02 Mar 1939 - 09 Oct 1958 Pius XII

09 Oct - 28 Oct 1958 Eugène-Gabriel-Gervais-Laurent

Cardinal Tisserant (1st Time) ............ 1884-1972

+ Benedetto Cardinal Aloisi Masella ....... 1879-1970

(1st Time)

28 Oct 1958 - 03 Jun 1963 Ioannes XXIII ............................. 1881-1963

03 Jun - 21 Jun 1963 Eugène-Gabriel-Gervais-Laurent

Cardinal Tisserant (2nd Time)

+ Benedetto Cardinal Aloisi Masella (2nd Time)

21 Jun 1963 - 06 Aug 1978 Paulus VI ................................. 1897-1978

06 Aug - 26 Aug 1978 Carlo Cardinal Confalonieri (1st Time) .... 1893-1986

+ Jean Cardinal Villot (1st Time) ......... 1905-1979

26 Aug - 28 Sep 1978 Ioannes Paulus I .......................... 1912-1978

28 Sep - 16 Oct 1978 Carlo Cardinal Confalonieri (2nd Time)

+ Jean Cardinal Villot (2nd Time)

16 Oct 1978 - 02 Apr 2005 Ioannes Paulus II ......................... 1920-2005

02 Apr - 19 Apr 2005 Josef Cardinal Ratzinger .................. 1927-

+ Eduardo Cardinal Martínez Somalo

19 Apr 2005 - 28 Feb 2013 Benedictus XVI ............................ s.a

28 Feb - 13 Mar 2013 Angelo Cardinal Sodano .................... 1927-

+ Tarcisio Cardinal Bartone ............... 1934-

13 Mar 2013 - Franciscus I .............................. 1936-

Secretaries of State

14 Jul 1691 - 27 Sep 1700 Fabrizio Cardinal Spada

03 Dec 1700 - 19 Mar 1721 Fabrizio Cardinal Paolucci (1st Time)

10 May 1721 - 07 Mar 1724 Giorgio Cardinal Spinola

07 Mar 1724 - 12 Jun 1726 Fabrizio Cardinal Paolucci (2nd Time)

13 Jun 1726 - 21 Feb 1730 Niccolo Maria Cardninal Lecari

21 Feb 1730 - 16 Sep 1733 Antonio Cardinal Banchieri

04 Oct 1733 - 06 Feb 1740 Giuseppe Firrao

20 Aug 1740 - 28 Aug 1756 Silvio Cardinal Valenti Gonzaga

10 Sep 1756 - 03 May 1758 Alberico Cardinal Archinto

08 Oct 1758 - 02 Feb 1769 Ludovico Maria, Cardinal Torregiani

19 May 1769 - 23 Feb 1785 Lazzaro Opizio, Cardinal Pallavicini

29 Jun 1785 - 14 Oct 1789 Ignazio Cardinal Boncompagni Ludovisi

14 Oct 1789 - 09 Aug 1796 Francesco Saverio, Cardinal De Zelada

09 Aug 1796 - 18 Mar 1797 Ignazio Cardinal Busca

18 Mar 1797 - 29 Aug 1799 Giuseppe Cardinal Doria Pamphili

(1st Time)

29 Aug 1799 - 18 Jun 1808 Ercole Consalvi, marchese di Consalvi

(1st Time)

18 Jun 1808 - 17 May 1814 Bartolomeo Cardinal Pacca (1st Time)

17 May 1814 - 30 Aug 1823 Ercole Consalvi, marchese di Consalvi (2nd Time)

30 Aug 1823 - 17 Jun 1828 Guilio Maria Cardinal della Somaglia

17 Jun 1828 - 10 Feb 1829 Tomaso Cardinal Bernetti (1st Time)

10 Feb 1829 - 30 Nov 1830 Giuseppe Cardinal Albani

12 Feb 1831 - 20 Jun 1836 Tomaso Cardinal Bernetti (2nd Time)

20 Jun 1836 - 16 Jun 1846 Luigi Cardinal Lambruschini

01 Aug 1846 - 05 Jul 1847 Pasquale Cardinal Tomaso Gizzi

05 Jul 1847 - 20 Jan 1848 Carlo Cardinal Vizzardelli

20 Jan - 09 Mar 1848 Giuseppe Cardinal Bofondi

09 Mar - 02 Aug 1848 Luigi Cardinal Ciacchi

02 Aug - 29 Nov 1848 Giovanni Cardinal Soglia

01 Dec 1848 - 06 Nov 1876 Giacomo Cardinal Antonelli

18 Dec 1876 - 07 Feb 1878 Giovanni Cardinal Simeoni

05 Mar - 31 Jul 1878 Alessandro Cardinal Franchi

09 Aug 1878 - 16 Dec 1880 Lorenzo Cardinal Nina

16 Dec 1880 - 28 Feb 1887 Lodovico Cardinal Jacobini

01 Jun 1887 - 29 Jul 1903 Mariano Cardinal Rampolla,

marchese del Tindaro

01 Aug 1903 - 20 Aug 1914 Raffaele Cardinal Del Val

13 Oct 1914 - 09 Feb 1930 Pietro Cardinal Gasparri .................. 1852-1934

09 Feb 1930 - 10 Feb 1939 Eugenio Maria Giuseppe,

Cardinal Pacelli ......................... 1876-1958

10 Mar 1939 - 22 Aug 1944 Luigi Cardinal Maglione ................... 1877-1944

29 Nov 1952 - 30 Jul 1961 Domenico Tardini .......................... 1888-1961

14 Aug 1961 - 02 May 1969 Amleto Giovanni,

Cardinal Cicognani ....................... 1883-1973

02 May 1969 - 09 Mar 1979 Jean Marie Cardinal Villot ................ 1905-1979

30 Apr 1979 - 30 Nov 1990 Agostino Casaroli ......................... 1914-1998

01 Dec 1990 - 15 Sep 2006 Angelo Sodano ............................. 1927-

15 Sep 2006 - 15 Oct 2013 Tarcisio Pietro Evasio Cardinal Bertone ... 1934-

15 Oct 2013 - Pietro Parolin ............................ 1955-

Governor

07 Jun 1929 - 21 Mar 1952 Camillo, marchese Serafini ................ 1864-1952

Presidents of the Commission

20 Mar 1939 - 03 Aug 1961 Nicola Cardinal Canali .................... 1874-1961

12 Aug 1961 - 30 Apr 1969 Amleto Giovanni Cardinal Cicognani ........ s.a

14 Aug 1961 - 06 Nov 1968 Alberto Cardinal di Jorio ................. 1884-1979

(acting for Ciconani)

06 Nov 1968 - 30 Apr 1969 Sergio Guerri ............................. 1905-1992

(1st Time, acting for Ciconani)

02 May 1969 - 09 Mar 1979 Jean-Marie Cardinal Villot ................ s.a

09 Mar 1979 - 26 Sep 1981 Sergio Cardinal Guerri

(2nd Time, acting for Casaroli from 01 Jul 1979)

01 Jul 1979 - 08 Apr 1984 Agostino Cardinal Casaroli ................ s.a

08 Apr 1984 - 31 Oct 1990 Sebastiano Cardinal Baggio ................ 1913-1993

01 Nov 1990 - 14 Oct 1997 Rosalio José Cardinal Castillo Lara ....... 1922-2007

14 Oct 1997 - 15 Sep 2006 Edmund Kasimir Cardinal Szoka ............. 1927-2014

15 Sep 2006 - 30 Sep 2011 Giovanni Cardinal Lajolo .................. 1935-

01 Oct 2011 - Giuseppe Cardinal Bertello ................ 1942-

 

 

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