Dynasties

House of Bonaparte


Ruling house of France 1804-1814, 1815, 1852-1870.

Ruling house of Holland 1806-1810.

Ruling house of Italy 1805-1814.

Ruling house of Naples.

Ruling house of Spain 1808-1813.

Ruling house of Westphalia 1806-1814.


Emperor of the French 1804-1814, 1815, 1852-1870

King of Holland 1806-1810

King of Naples

King of Spain 1808-1813

King of Westphalia 1806-1814

Grand Duke of Berg and Cleves

Grand Duke of Tuscany

Prince of Elba

Prince of Lucca and Piombino

Prince-President of France 1848-1852

Co-Prince of Andorra 1804-1814, 1815, 1848-1870

First Consul of France 1799-1804.


House of Bourbon


Ruling House of France 1589-1792, 1814-1848 (Orleans branch 1830-48.

Ruling House of Luxembourg 1964-   (Bourbon-Parma branch).

Ruling House of Naples 1753-1806.

Ruling House of Spain 1700-1808, 1813-1868, 1874-1931, 1975- .

Ruling House of Sicily 1815-1860.


King of France and Navarre 1589-1789, 1814-1830.

King of the French 1789-92, 1830-1848.

King of Sicily 1815-1860.

King of Spain 1700-1808, 1813-1868, 1875-1931, 1975- .

Duke of Parma

Duke of Bourbon


House of Braganza


Ruling house of Brazil 1808-89

Ruling house of Portugal 1640-1910 (Wettin branch 1853-1910)


Emperor of Brazil 1822-1889

King of Brazil 1815-1822

King of Portugal and the Algarves 1640-1910

Duke of Braganza


House of Habsburg


Ruling House of Austria 13..-1919

Ruling House of Austria-Hungary 1804-1918

Ruling House of Bohemia 1526-1918

Ruling House of Croatia 1856-1918

Ruling House of Germany 1510-1806

Ruling House of Hungary 1526-1918

Ruling House of Mexico 1864-1867

Ruling House of Portugal 1580-1640

Ruling House of Spain 1516-1700


Holy Roman Emperor

Emperor of Austria 1804-1918

Emperor of Mexico

King of Bohemia

King of Croatia

King of Galica

King of Hungary

King of Portugal

King of Serbia

King of Spain

Archduke of Austria

Grand Duke of Tuscany

Princely Count of Tirol

Count of Habsburg

President of the German Confederation


House of Hohenzollern

 

Ruling House of Germany 1871-1918

Ruling House of Prussia 1526-1918

Ruling House of Romania 1866-1947 (Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen branch)

Ruling House of Brandenburg 1411-1806/1918

Ruling House of Courland 1918

Ruling House of Nuremberg 1192-1427

 

German Emperor 1871-1918

King of Prussia 1701-1918

King of Romania 1881-1947

King of the United States of America (proposed in 1786)

King of Ireland (proposed 1916-1918)

King of Georgia (proposed 1918)

Elector/Margrave of Brandenburg 1411-1806

Prince of Romania 1866-1881

Prince of Hohenzolern-Hechingen 1576-1849

Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen 1576-1849

Duke of Prussia 1525-1701

Duke of Courland 1918

Burgrave of Nuremberg 1192-1427


House of Karadjordjevic


Ruling House of Serbia 1804-13, 1842-58, 1903-1918, 1941-44.

Ruling House of Yugoslavia 1918-1945


King of Serbia

King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

King of Yugoslavia

Prince of Serbia

Supreme Leader of Serbia


House of Nassau


Ruling house of Great Britain 1689-1702 (Orange branch)

Ruling house of Ireland 1689-1702 (Orange branch)

Ruling house of the Netherlands 1589-1795, 1813-    .(Orange Branch)

Ruling house of Luxembourg 1815-1964 (Orange branch 1815-1890)

Ruling house of Nassau 1093-1866


King of England 1689-1702

King of Ireland 1689-1702

King/Queen of the Netherlands 1830-    . 

King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands 1815-1830

King of Scotland 1689-1702

Grand Duke of Luxemburg 1815-1964

Duke of Limburg

Duke of Nassau

Prince of Nassau

Prince of the Netherlands

Prince of Orange

Count of Nassau

Stadtholder of the Netherlands (Friesland, Gelderland, Groningen, Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland)


House of Oldenburg

 

Ruling House of Denmark (1448- )  (Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg branch from 1863)

Ruling House of Greece 1863-1974 (Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg branch)

Ruling House of Iceland 1918-1944 (Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg branch)

Ruling House of Norway 1450-1818, 1905-  (Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg branch)

Ruling House of Russia 1762-1917 (Holstein-Gottorp branch)

Ruling House of Schleswig and Holstein 1474-1864


Emperor and Autocrat of All Russia

King of Denmark

King of the Hellens

King of Iceland

King of Norway

King of Poland

Grand Duke of Finland

Duke of Schleswig-Holstein


House of Savoy


Ruling House of Albania 1939-43

Ruling House of Croatia 1941-43

Ruling House of Ethiopia 1936-1941

Ruling House of Italy 1861-1946

Ruling House of Sardinia 1720-1861

Ruling House of Savoy 1003-1946

Ruling House of Sicily 1713-20

Ruling House of Spain 1870-73


Emperor of Ethiopia

King of Albania

King of Croatia

King of Italy

King of Sardinia

King of Sicily

King of Spain

Duke of Aosta

Duke of Savoy



House of Wettin


Ruling House of Belgium 1831-    (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha branch)

Ruling House of Bulgaria 1887-1946 (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Kohary branch)

Ruling House of Ireland 1922-1949 (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Windsor) branch)

Ruling House of Great Britain and Ireland 1901-1921 (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Windsor branch)

Ruling House of Poland 1697-1706, 1709-1764, 1807-1815 

Ruling House of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Windsor branch)

Ruling House of Saxony 1464-1918


Emperor of India

King of Belgium

King of Bulgaria

King of Poland

King of Portugal

King of Saxony

King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain

Grand Duke of Lithuania

Prince of Bulgaria

Duke of Courland

Duke of Warsaw

Albania


1914-1925 William (d.1945)

1928-1939 Zogu I Alexander III

1939-1943 Victor Immanuel III (d.1947)

1943-1946 Zogu I Alexander III (d.1961)


Austria (Austria-Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia)


1526-1564 Ferdinand I

1564-1576 Maximilian I

1576-1611 Rudolf

1611-1619 Matthew

1617-1637 Ferdinand II

1637-1657 Ferdinand III

1647-1654 Ferdinand IV

1657-1705 Leopold I

1705-1711 Joseph I

1711-1740 Charles III

1740-1780 Mary Theresa

1780-1790 Joseph II

1790-1792 Leopold II

1792-1835 Francis I

1835-1848 Ferdinand V (d.1875)

1848-1916 Francis Joseph

1916-1918 Charles VI (d.1922)


Belgium


1831-1865 Leopold I

1865-1909 Leopold II

1909-1934 Albert I

1934-1951 Leopold III (d.1983)

1951-1993 Baldwin

1993-2013 Albert II (d.    )

2013-     Philipp


Bulgaria


1879-1886 Alexander (d.1893)

1887-1918 Ferdinand I (d.1948)

1918-1943 Boris III 

1943-1946 Simon II (d.    )


Denmark


1448-1481 Christian I

1481-1513 John

1513-1523 Christian II

1523-1533 Frederick I

1535-1559 Christian III

1559-1588 Frederick II

1588-1648 Christian IV

1648-1670 Frederick III

1670-1699 Christian V

1699-1730 Frederick IV

1730-1746 Christian VI

1746-1766 Frederick V

1766-1808 Christian VII

1808-1839 Frederick VI

1839-1848 Christian VIII

1848-1863 Frederick VII

1863-1906 Christian IX

1906-1912 Frederick VIII

1912-1947 Christian X

1947-1972 Frederick IX

1972-     Margaret II


England


1066-1087 William I

1087-1100 William II

1100-1135 Henry I

1135-1154 Steven

1154-1189 Henry II

1189-1199 Richard I

1199-1216 John

1216-1272 Henry III

1272-1307 Edward I

1307-1327 Edward II

1327-1377 Edward III

1377-1399 Richard II (d.1400)

1399-1413 Henry IV

1413-1422 Henry V

1422-1461 Henry VI

1461-1470 Edward IV

1470-1471 Henry VI

1471-1483 Edward IV

1483      Edward V (d.1485?)

1483-1485 Richard III

1485-1509 Henry VII

1509-1547 Henry VIII

1547-1553 Edward VI

1553-1558 Mary I

1558-1603 Elizabeth I


France


987-996 Hugh I

996-1031 Robert II

1031-1060 Henry I

1060-1108 Philipp I

1108-1137 Lewis VI

1137-1180 Lewis VII

1179-1223 Philipp II

1223-1226 Lewis VIII

1226-1270 Lewis IX

1270-1285 Philipp III

1285-1314 Philipp IV

1314-1316 Lewis IX

1316      John I

1316-1322 Philipp V

1322-1328 Charles IV

1328-1350 Philipp VI

1350-1364 John II

1364-1380 Charles V

1380-1422 Charles VI

1422-1461 Charles VII

1461-1483 Lewis XI

1483-1498 Charles VIII

1498-1515 Lewis XII

1515-1547 Francis I

1547-1559 Henry II

1559-1560 Francis II

1560-1574 Charles IX

1574-1589 Henry IIII

1589-1610 Henry IV

1610-1643 Lewis XIII

1643-1715 Lewis XIV

1715-1774 Lewis XV

1774-1792 Lewis XVI (d.1793)

1804-1815 Napoleon I 

1814-1815 Lewis XVIII

1815      Napoleon I (d.1821)

1815      Napoleon II (d.1832)

1815-1824 Lewis XVIII

1824-1830 Charles X (d.1836)

1830      Henry V (d.1883)

1830-1848 Lewis-Philipp I (d.1850)

1848      Lewis-Philipp II (d.1894)

1848-1870 Napoleon III (d.1873)


Italy and Sardinia


1720-1730 Victor Amadeus II

1730-1773 Charles Immanuel III

1773-1796 Victor Amadeus III

1796-1802 Charles Immanuel IV

1802-1821 Victor Immanuel I

1821-1831 Charles I

1831-1849 Charles Albert II

1861-1878 Victor Immanuel II

1878-1900 Humbert I

1900-1946 Victor Immanuel III (d.1947)

1946      Humbert II (d.1983)


Georgia


1762-1798 Heracles II

1798-1801 George IX


Prussia and Germany


1701-1713 Frederick I

1713-1740 Frederick William I

1740-1786 Frederick II

1786-1797 Frederick William II

1797-1840 Frederick William III

1840-1861 Frederick William IV

1861-1888 William I

1888      Frederick III

1888-1918 William II (d.1941)


Greece


1832-1862 Otto (d.1867)

1863-1913 George I

1913-1917 Constantine I 

1917-1920 Alexander

1920-1922 Constantine I (d.1923)

1922-1947 George II

1947-1964 Paul I

1964-1974 Constantine II (d.   )


Luxembourg


1890-1905 Adolph

1905-1912 William IV

1912-1919 Mary Adelaide (d.1924)

1919-1964 Charlotte (d.1985)

1964-2000 John (d.2019).

2000-     Henry


Montenegro


1697-1735 Daniel I

1735-1781 Sava II (d.1782)

1784-1830 Peter II

1830-1851 Peter III

1852-1860 Daniel II

1860-1918 Nicholas I (d.1921)


Netherlands


1813-1840 William I

1840-1849 William II

1849-1890 William III

1890-1948 Wilhelmina (d.1962)

1948-1980 Juliana (d.2004)

1980-2013 Beatrix (d.    )

2013-     William-Alexander


Norway


1905-1957 Haakon VII

1957-1991 Olaf V

1991-     Harold V


Poland


1569-1572 Sigmund II

1574-1575 Henry I

1576-1586 Steven I

1587-1632 Sigmund III

1633-1648 Ladislaus VII

1649-1668 John II

1669-1673 Thomas II

1674-1696 John III

1697-1704 Augustus II

1705-1709 Stanislaus I

1709-1733 Augustus II

1733-1736 Stanislaus I (d.1766)

1736-1763 Augustus III

1764-1795 Stanislaus II (d.1798)

1807-1815 Frederick I (d.1827)


Portugal


1640-1656 John IV

1656-1683 Alfonso VI

1683-1706 Peter II

1706-1750 John V

1750-1777 Joseph I

1777-1816 Mary I

1777-1786 Peter III

1816-1826 John VI

1826-1828 Peter IV

1828-1834 Michael I (d.1866)

1834-1853 Mary II

1853-1861 Peter V

1861-1889 Lewis I

1889-1908 Charles I

1908      Lewis II

1908-1910 Immanuel II (d.1932)


Romania


1861-1866 Alexander (d.1873)

1866-1914 Charles I

1914-1927 Ferdinand I

1927-1930 Michael I

1930-1940 Charles II (d.1953)

1940-1947 Michael I (d.2017)


Russia


1721-1725 Peter I

1725-1727 Catherine I

1727-1730 Peter II

1730-1740 Anne

1740-1741 John VI

1741-1761 Elizabeth II

1761-1762 Peter III

1762-1796 Catherine II

1796-1801 Paul I

1801-1825 Alexander I

1825-1855 Nicholas I

1855-1881 Alexander II

1881-1894 Alexander III

1894-1917 Nicholas II (d.1918)

1917      Michael II (d.1918)


Scotland


1306-1329 Robert I

1329-1371 David II

1371-1390 Robert II

1390-1406 Robert III

1406-1437 James I

1437-1460 James II

1460-1488 James III

1488-1513 Jamea IV

1513-1542 James V

1542-1567 Mary I (d.1587)

1567-1625 James VII


 

Serbia and Yugoslavia


1804-1813 George (d.1817)

1817-1839 Milos

1839      Milan I

1839-1842 Michael

1842-1858 Alexander I (d.1885)

1858-1860 Milos

1860-1868 Michael

1868-1889 Milan II (d.1901)

1889-1903 Alexander II

1903-1921 Peter I

1921-1934 Alexander III

1934-1945 Peter II (d.1970)


Sweden


1521-1560 Gustav I

1560-1569 Eric XIV

1569-1592 John III

1592-1599 Sigismund 

1604-1611 Charles III/IX

1611-1632 Gustav II Adolph

1632-1654 Christina

1654-1660 Charles IV/X

1660-1697 Charles V/XI

1697-1718 Charles VI/XII

1718-1720 Ulrica

1720-1751 Frederick

1751-1771 Adolph Frederick

1771-1792 Gustav III

1792-1809 Gustav IV Adolph

1809-1818 Charles VII/XIII

1818-1844 Charles VIII/XIV John

1844-1859 Oscar I

1859-1872 Charles IV/XV

1872-1907 Oscar II

1907-1950 Gustav V Adolph

1950-1973 Gustav VI Adolph

1973-     Charles V/XVI Gustav


Spain


1516-1556 Charles I

1556-1598 Philipp II

1598-1621 Philipp III

1621-1665 Philipp IV

1665-1700 Charles II

1700-1724 Philipp V (d.1746)

1724      Lewis I

1724-1746 Philipp V

1746-1759 Ferdinand VI

1759-1788 Charles III

1788-1808 Charles IV

1808      Ferdinand VII

1808-1813 Joseph I (d.1844)

1813-1833 Ferdinand VII

1833-1868 Elizabeth II (d.1904)

1870-1873 Amadeus (d.1890)

1875-1885 Alfonso XII

1886-1931 Alfonso XIII (d.1941)

1975-2014 John Charles (d.    )

2014-     Philipp VI


United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland


1603-1625 James I/VI

1625-1649 Charles I

1660-1685 Charles II

1685-1689 James II/VII (d.1701)

1689-1694 Mary II

1689-1702 William III

1702-1714 Anne

1714-1727 George I

1727-1760 George II

1760-1820 George III

1820-1830 George IV

1830-1837 William VI

1837-1901 Victoria

1901-1910 Edward VII

1910-1936 George V

1936      Edward VII (d.1972)

1936-1952 George VI

1952-     Elizabeth II


Vatican/Papacy


1846-1878 Pious IX

1878-1903 Leon XIII

1903-1914 Pious X

1914-1922 Benedict XV

1922-1939 Pious XI

1939-1958 Pious XII

1958-1963 John XXIII

1963-1978 Paul VI

1978      John Paul I

1978-2005 John Paul II

2005-2013 Benedict XVI (d.    )

2013-     Francis I