Slovakia

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Slovensko / Szlovákia

Part of Poland

Part of Greater Moravia

825 - 907                 Principality of Nitra

04 Jul 907                Part of the Kingdom of Hungary

1038 - 1032               Appanage of the Hungarian Crown

1250 - 1322               Lordship of Trenčin, Hrusso, Nagytapolcsány and Tata

19 Nov 1682 - 15 Oct 1685 Part of Kingdom of Upper Hungary

19 Sep      - 28 Sep 1848 Slovak national Council holds power during

                          the Hungarian revolution

28 Oct 1918               Part of Czechoslovakia

11 Dec 1918               Eastern Slovak Republic declared in

                           Hungarian zone

31 Dec 1918               Hungarians in western Slovakia declare

                           Slovak Soviet Republic

01 Jan 1919               Slovak Soviet terminated by Czechoslovak forces

16 Jun      - 07 Jul 1919 Slovak Soviet Republic (in rebellion in Prešov)

22 Nov 1938               Autonomy within Czechoslovakia

14 Mar 1939               Independence declared (Slovenský štát [Slovak State])

21 Jul 1939               Slovenská republika (Slovak Republic)

04 Apr 1945 - 31 Dec 1992 Re-incorporation into Czechoslovakia

01 Jan 1969               Slovenská socialistická republika (Slovak Socialist Republic)

01 Mar 1990               Slovenská republika (Slovak Republic)

17 Jul 1992               Declaration of state sovereignty "Velvet divorce"

01 Jan 1993               Independence, Republic of Slovakia

01 May 2004               Accession to the EU

Slovakia to 1918


Princes of Nitra

20 - 50 Vannius

623 - 658 Samo

825 - 861 Pribina

861 - 876 Kocec

867 - 894 Svatopuk I

870 - 871 Slavomir

894 - 907 Svatopluk II

Monarchs

920 - 955 Lehel

920 - 955 Bulchu

920 - 955 Shur

955 - 971 Árpád, Zoltán, King of Hungary

971 - 995 Árpád, Michál

995 - 997 Árpád, Štefan

997 - 1029 Árpád, Ladislav I "The Bold"

1029 - 1030 Árpád, Basil

1030 - 1042 Aba, Samuel, King of Hungary

1042        Aba, Domoslav

1048 - 1060 Árpád, Béla

1060 - 1074 Árpád, Géza

1074 - 1077 Árpád, Ladislav II "The Saint"

1077 - 1095 Árpád, Lampert

1095 - 1109 Árpád, Álmos

1250 - 1283 Csák, Péter, Lord of Trenčin

       1283 - 18 Mar 1321 Csák, Máté III of Trenčin,

                           Marshal of Hungary ................... 1260-1321

18 Mar 1321 - 1322        Sternberg, Stephen

19 Nov 1682 - 15 Oct 1685 Imerich Thököly de Késmárk ............ 1657-1705

                          (King of Upper Hungary)

Slovak National Council

19 Sep      - 28 Sep 1848 L'udovít Štúr ......................... 1815-1856

                        - Jozef Miloslav Hurban ................. 1817-1886

                        - Michal Miloslav Hodža ................. 1811-1870

President of the Slovak People's Republic

11 Dec      - 30 Dec 1918 Viktor Dvorcák ........................ 1878-1943

Chairman of the Workers Council of Pozsony

31 Dec 1918 - 01 Jan 1919 Gábor Mészáros ........................ 1896-1920


Slovak State

Government: Clerical-fascist republic.

Capital: Bratislava.

Language: Slovak, German, Czech, Ruthyn.

Religion: Roman Catholic.

National Anthem: "Hej Slováci" ("Hey Slovaks").

National Emblem: Patriarchal cross and Tartras mountains.

National Motto: Verní sebe svorne napred! (Faithful to ourselves, together ahead!).

National Day: National day, 14th March (1939).

Currency: Koruna.


Vodca (Leader)

14 Mar 1939 - 03 Apr 1945 Jozef Gašpar Tiso ..................... 1887-1947 H


Prime Ministers

07 Oct 1938 - 09 Mar 1939 Jozef Gašpar Tiso ..................... (s.a)

09 Mar      - 11 Mar 1939 Jozef Sivák ........................... 1886-1959 H

11 Mar      - 14 Mar 1939 Karol Sidor ........................... 1901-1953 H

14 Mar 1939 - 05 Sep 1944 Vojtech Tuka .......................... 1880-1946 H

05 Sep 1944 - 03 Apr 1945 Štefan Tiso ........................... 1897-1959 H


Commanders of the German Forces

31 Aug      - 14 Sep 1944 Gottlob Christian Berger .............. 1896-1975

14 Sep 1944 - 04 Apr 1945 Hermann Höfle ......................... 1898-1947

Slovak Republic

Government: Republic.

Capital: Bratislava.

Language: Slovak, Hungarian, Ukrainian, German, Czech, Ruthyn.

Ethnic Groups: Slovak 80%, Hungarian 8%, Gypsy 2%, others 10% (2011).

Religion: Roman Catholic, Lutheran.

National Anthem: "Nad Tatrou sa blýska" ("Lightning over the Tartras").

National Emblem: Patriarchal cross and Tartras mountains.

National Motto: Verní sebe svorne napred! (Faithful to ourselves, together ahead!).

National Day: Constitution day, 1st September (1992).

Currency: Euro (Koruna 1993-2008).


Presidents

25 Jun 1992 - 02 Mar 1993 Vladimír Mečiar (1st Time) ............ 1942-     L'S-HZDS

                          (acting)

02 Mar 1993 - 02 Mar 1998 Michál Kováč .......................... 1930-2016 L'S-HZDS

02 Mar      - 30 Oct 1998 Vladimír Mečiar (2nd Time)

                          (acting)

30 Oct 1998 - 15 Jun 1999 Mikuláš Džurinda ...................... 1955-

30 Oct 1998 - 15 Jun 1999 Jozef Migaš ........................... 1954-     SD

                          (jointly with Džurinda)

15 Jun 1999 - 15 Jun 2004 Rudolf Schuster ....................... 1934-

15 Jun 2004 - 15 Jun 2014 Ivan Gašparovič ....................... 1941-     L'S-HZDS

15 Jun 2014 - 15 Jun 2019 Andrej Kiska .......................... 1963-     SaS

15 Jun 2019 -             Zuzana Čaputová ....................... 1973-

 

 

Prime Ministers

25 Jun 1992 - 16 Mar 1994 Vladímir Mečiar (1st Time) ............ s.a       L'S-HZDS

16 Mar      - 13 Dec 1994 Jozef Moravčík ........................ 1945-

13 Dec 1994 - 30 Oct 1998 Vladímir Mečiar (2nd Time)

30 Oct 1998 - 04 Jul 2006 Mikuláš Dzurinda ...................... (s.a)     SDKU

04 Jul 2006 - 09 Jul 2010 Robert Fico (1st Time) ................ 1964-     SD

09 Jul 2010 - 04 Apr 2012 Iveta Radičová ........................ 1956-     SDKU

04 Apr 2012 - 22 Mar 2018 Robert Fico (2nd Time)

22 Mar 2018 - 21 Mar 2020 Peter Pellegrini ...................... 1975-     SD

21 Mar 2020 -             Igor Matovič .......................... 1973-     OL




Political Parties

L'SNS=Ľudová strana – Naše Slovensko (Peoples Party-Our Slovakia, Nationalism,

neo-fascism, tradistionalism, anti-globalism).

OL=Obyčajní Ľudia (Ordinary People, Christian democratic, Conservatism).

SD=Smer-Sociálna Demokracia (Direction-Social Democracy, social democratic, pro-European, Leftwing-nationalism).

SDKU=Slovenská demokratická a kresťanská únia – Demokratická strana (Slovak Democratic and Christian Union, Liberal conservatism).

SR=Sme Rodina (We are Family, Right-wing populism, nationalism, anti-immigration).

SaS=Sloboda a Solidarita (Freedom and Solidarity, Liberalism, Conservative).

ZL=Za l'udí (For the People, Conservative Liberalism).

Former Parties

H=Hlinkova Slovenská L'udová Strana (Hlinka's Slovak People's Party, Slovak nationalism, clerical fascism, anti-Hungarianism, anti-communism [dissolved 1945]).

KSS=Komunistická strana Slovenska (Communist Party of Slovakia, Communist, Czechoslovak unionism [dissolved 1990]).

L'S-HZDS=Ľudová strana – Hnutie za demokratické Slovensko (People's Party-Movement for a Democratic Slovaki, Slovak nationalism, Conservatism [dissolved 2018]).

SDL'=Strana Demokratickej L'avice (Party of the Democratic Left, Social Democratic [dissolved 2004]).



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