Updates

2024 Updates

01 Jan - Switzerland: (Pres), Cantons: Aargau, Fribourg, Graubunden, Jura, Schaffhausen and Soloturn.

          Greece: Regions Attica, East Macedonia and Thrace, Ionian Islands, Peloponese, Thessaly,

          West Macedonia, Cities: Athens amd Salonica.

03 Jan - Marshall Islands: (Pres).

04 Jan - Kuwait: (PM).

09 Jan - France: (PM).

14 Jan - Denmark: (King). Guatemala: (Pres).

24 Jan - Canada: Quebec (Gov).

28 Jan - Bhutan: (PM). North Macedonia: (PM).

31 Jan - Malaysia (King).

04 Feb - Namibia: (Pres).

05 Feb - Yemen: (PM).

06 Feb - Kazakhstan: (PM).

08 Feb - Georgia: (PM).

26 Feb - Hungary: (acting President).

27 Feb - Pakistan: Provinces Punjab and Sindh (Chief-ministers).

01 Mar - Finland (President).

03 Mar - Pakistan: (PM). Provinces Gilgit-Baltistan and Khyber-Paktunkwa.

05.Mar - Hungary: (Pres).

06 Mar - Peru: (PM).

10 Mar - Pakistan: (Pres).

20 Mar - Vietnam: (Pres).

24 Mar - Italy: Sardinia (Gov).

31 Mar - Palestine: (PM).

01 Apr - San Marino (Captains-Gen)

02 Apr - Portugal: (PM).

04 Apr - Malta: (Pres).

07 Apr - Added: States and Regions of Myanmar

09 Apr - Bulgaria: (PM). Ireland: (PM).

10 Apr - Iceland: (PM).

12 Apr - Haiti: (Pres).

15 Apr - Kuwait: (PM).

16 Apr - Added: Provinces of Armenia

25 Apr - Haiti: (Pres). Serbia: Vojvodina (pres).

01 May - Switzerland: Cantons: Basel-Stadt, Valais, Zuerich.

02 May - Serbia: (PM).

05 May - Switzerland: Glarus (Landsmann)

08 May - U.K: Scotland (First-minister).

10 May - Pakistan: Punjab (Gov).

12 May - North Macedonia: (Pres).

15 May - Singapore: (PM).

19 May - Iran: (Pres).



Deaths

16 Jan - Vaino Valjas, Party Secretary of Estonian S.S.R, 1988-91 (1931).

03 Feb - Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples, Head of the House of Savoy 1983-2024 (1937).

05 Feb - Andreas van Agt, PM of the Netherlands 1977-82 (1931)

06 Feb - Sebastian Piñera, President of Chile 2010-14, 2018-22 (1949)

06 Feb - John Bruton, PM of Ireland 1994-97 (1947).

10 Feb - Edward Lowassa, PM of Tanzania 2005-08 (1953).

28 Feb - Nikolay Ryzhkov, PM of the Soviet Union 1985-91 (1929).

29 Feb - Brian Mulroney, PM of Canada 1984-93 (1939).

29 Feb - Ali Hasan Mwinyi, President of Tanzania 1985-95 (1925).

15 Apr - Josip Manolic, PM of Croatia 1990-91 (1920).

20 Apr - Gediminas Kirkilas, PM of Lithuania 2006-09 (1951).

23 Apr - Ro Jai Bong, PM of South Korea 1990-91 (1936).

19 May - Hojatolislam Ebrahim Raisi, President of Iran 2021-24 (1960).

2023

01.01.23 Brazil: (Pres). Switzerland: (Pres), Cantons Aargau, Fribourg, Graubunden, Jura,                  Schaffhausen, Solothurn and Zug. OSCE: (Pres). Peru: Regional governors.

02.01.23 U.S: Arizona and Nevada.

05.01.23 Updated departments of Bolivia.

09.01.23 U.S: Oregon (gov).

10.01.23 U.S: Arkansas (gov).

14.01.23 Canada: Yukon (gov).

17.01.23 U.S: Pennsylvania (gov).

18.01.23 Vietnam: (Pres). U.S: Maryland (gov).

22.01.23 Pakistan: Punjab and Khyber-Pakhtunkwa (gov).

23.01.23 Russia: Mordovia (PM).

24.01.23 Ukraine: Provinces Dnipro, Kherson, Kiev, Sumy and Zaporozhya.

25.01.23 New Zealand: (PM). New Page: Regions of Chile

31.01.23 China (Taiwan): (PM).

02.02.23 Australia: (Gov).

15.02.23 Argentina: (PM).

16.02.23 Moldova (PM). Czechia: Prague (Mayor). Inida: States of Arunachal Pradesh and Bihar.

17.02.23 India: Sikkim (gov).

18.02.23 India: Jharkhand and Maharashtra (gov).

19.02.23 India: Ladakh (Lt-gov).

20.02.23 India: Nagaland (gov).

28.02.23 Cyprus: (Pres).

02.03.23 Italy: Lazio (gov). Vietnam: (Pres).

03.03.23 Pakistan: Balochistan (gov).

07.03.23 Qatar: (PM).

09.03.23 Czechia: (Pres).

11.03.23 China: (PM).

12.03.23 Nepal: (PM).

15.03.23 Bosnia: Brcko district (Mayor). Russia: Chukotka (gov).

16.03.23 Ukraine: Khelnytsky and Lugansk oblasts (Mil chiefs).

17.03.23 Russia: Smolensk (gov).

20.03.23 Trinidad and Tobego (Pres).

24.03.23 Bosnia: Sarajevo Canton (Gov).

28.03.23 Australia: New South Wales (premier). UK: Scotland (First Minister). 

29.03.23 Russia: Omsk (gov).

30.03.23 Ukraine: Donetsk Republic (PM).

01.04.23 San Marino: (Captains-general)

17.04.23 Pakistan: Azad Kashmir (PM).

20.04.23 Russia: Krasnoyask oblast (gov).

23.04.23 Andorra: (Gen-syndict), (PM).

24.04.23 Bangladesh: (Pres).

01.05.23 Switerzland: Valais and Zurich cantons (presidents)

03.05.23 Sovereign Military Order of Malta: (Grand Master).

06.05.23 UK: Charles III and Queen Camilla crowned king and queen.

15.05.23 Andorra: (PM). Slovakia: (PM). Ecuador: Galapagos (gov).

20.05.23 Montenegro: (Pres).

25.05.23 Greece: (PM).

29.05.23 Nigeria: (Pres).

30.05.23 Ukraine: Odessa (military gov).

01.06.23 Switzerland: Cantons Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Geneva, Neuchatel, Sankt Gallen and Thurgau.

04.06.23 New Page: Eritrea

05.06.23 Switzerland: Bern.

06.06.23 Bulgaria: (PM).

08.06.23 Australia: Western Australia (PM). Czechia: Moravia-Silesia (gov).

12.06.23 Romania: (PM).

13.06.23 New Page: Administrative Divisions of Ethiopia

14.06.23 Greece: Athos (chairman).

16.06.23 Mexico: Mexico City (mayor).

20.06.23 Finland: (PM). Spain: Balearic Islands (gov).

26.06.23 Greece: (PM).

01.07.23 Switzerland: Basel-Land, Lucern, Nidwalden and Obwalden.

05.07.23 Spain: Cantabria (gov).

08.07.23 Latvia: (Pres).

09.07.23 Australia: Victoria (gov).

13.07.23 Pakistan: Gilgit-Baltistan (PM).

14.07.23 Spain: Canary Islands (gov).

17.07.23 Spain: Extremedura and Valencia (gov).

19.07.23 Moldova: Gagauzia (gov).

01.08.23 Tunisia: (PM).

11.08.23 Spain: Aragon (gov).

14.08.23 Pakistan: (PM).

15.08.23 Paraguay: (Pres).

17.08.23 Pakistan: Sindh (PM).

18.08.23 Pakistan: Balochistan (PM).

19.08.23 Ethiopia: New regions: Central and Southern Ethiopia.

22.08.23 Cambodia: (PM).

28.08.23 New Page: Grenada

31.08.23 Nagorno-Karabakh/Artsakh: (PM).

04.09.23 Vanuatu: (PM).

05.09.23 Thailand: (PM).

10.09.23 Nagorno-Karabakh/Artsakh: (Pres).

14.09.23 Singapore: (Pres).

15.09.23 Latvia: (PM).

16.09.23 Mexico: Estados de Mexico (gov).

27.09.23 Australia: Victoria (PM).

01.10.23 San Marino: (Captains-general).

02.10.23 RF: Yakutia (PM).

06.10.23 Vanuatu: (PM).

18.10.23 Canada: Mantoba (PM). Ukraine: Poltava (gov).

25.10.23 Slovakia (PM), India: Tripura (gov).

30.10.23 Nauru: (Pres). Serbia: Vojvodina (Pres).

31.10.23 Montenegro: (PM). Russia: Vologda (gov). India: Odisha (gov).

01.11.23 Bhutan: (PM).

06.11.23 Serbia: Voivodina: (pres).

10.11.23 U.K: City of London (lord-mayor).

11.11.23 Algeria: (PM). Pakistan: Khyber Pakhtunkwa (chief-min)

13.11.23 U.K: (foreign minister and Home secretary).

14.11.23 Canada: Newfoundland and Labrador and Ontario (gov).

17.11.23 Luxembourg: (PM). Maldives: (Pres).

27.11.23 New Zealand: (PM).

01.12.23 El Salvador: (acting president).

10.12.23 Argentina: Provinces Buenos Aires, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Enre Rios, Jujuy, Mendoza,

         Misiones, Neuquen, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz and Santa Fe (gov).

10.12.23 Argentina: (Pres).

11.12.23 Poland: (PM).

13.12.23 Guernsey: (chief minister).

16.12.23 Kuwait: (Emir).

20.12.23 Guinea-Bissau (PM).

21.12.23 Australia: Northern Territory (PM).

27.12.23 Ukraine: Donetsk and Rivne (gov).



Deaths

03.01.23 Abdul Salam al-Majali, PM of Jordan 1993-95, 1997-98 (1925).

10.01.23 Constantine II, King of Greece 1964-74 (1940).

23.01.23 Alvaro Colom, President of Guatemala 2008-12 (1951)

04.02.23 Sherif Ismail, PM of Egypt 2015-18 (1955).

05.02.23 Perves Musharraf, President of Pakistan 2001-08, PM of Pakistan 1999-2001 (1943).

08.02.23 Ivan Silayev, PM of Russia 1990-91, PM of the Soviet Union 1991 (1930).

09.02.23 Jean-Maurice Dehousse, President of the Wallonia region of Belgium 1981-85 (1936).

11.02.23 Hans Modrow, PM of East German 1989-90 (1928).

25.03.23 Pascoal Mocumbi, PM of Mozambique 1994-2004 (1941).

31.03.23 Sir Rabbie Namaliu, PM of Papua New Guinea 1988-92 (1947).

22.04.23 Mudar Badran, PM of Jordan 1976-79, 1980-84, 1989-91 (1934).

03.05.23 Nikica Valentic, PM of Croatia 1993-95 (1950).

04.05.23 Rifat Rastoder, acting president of Montenegro 2003 (1950).

12.06.23 Silvio Berlusconi, PM of Italy 1994-95, 2001-06, 2008-11 (1936).

02.07.23 Milan Milutinovic, President of Serbia 1997-2002 (1942).

04.08.23 Boniface Alexandre, President of Haiti 2004-06 (1936).

16.09.23 Abdul Ati al-Obeida, Head of state 1977-79, PM 1979-81 of Libya (1939).

22.09.23 Giorgio Napolitano, President of Italy 2006-15 (1925).

07.10.23 Marouf al-Bakhit PM of Jordan 2005-07, 2011 (1947).

08.10.23 Laszlo Solyom, President of Hungary 2005-10 (1942).

16.10.23 Matti Ahtisaari, President of Finland 1994-2000 (1937).

21.10.23 William Hayden, Govenor-General of Australia 1989-96 (1933).

06.11.23 Antoni Marti Petit, PM of Andorra 2011-19 (1963).

12.11.23 Rahim Huseynov, PM of Azerbaijan 1992-93 (1936).

13.11.23 Tengiz Kitovani, co-leader of the Military Council of Georgia 1992 (1939).

29.11.23 Henry Kissinger, U.S Secretary of State 1973-77 (1923).

16.11.23 Sheikh Nawaf al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait 2020-23 (1937).

27.12.23 Jacques Delors, President of the European Commission 1985-95 (1925).


Nobel Prizes

Chemistry: Moungi Bawendi (U.S/Tunisia/France), Louis Eugene Brus (U.S), Alexey Ekimov (U.S/Rus)

Economics: Claudia Goldin (U.S).

Literature: Jon Fosse (Norway).

Peace: Narges Mohammedi (Iran).

Physics: Pierre Agostini (France), Ference Krausz (Hungary), Anne L'Huillier (France).

Physiology and Medicine: Katalin Kariko (U.S/Hungary), Drew Weissman (U.S).


2022

01.01.22 Switzerland: (Pres). Cantons Aargau, Fribourg, Graubunden, Jura, Schaffhausen, Solothurn.

05.01.22 Kazakhstan: (PM).

15.01.22 U.S: Virginia (gov).

16.01.22 North Macedonia: (PM).

24.01.22 Burkina Faso: (Pres, PM).

27.01.22 Honduras: (Pres).

01.02.22 Armenia: (Pres). Peru: (PM).

07.02.22 Central African Republic: (PM).

08.02.22 Peru: (PM).

10.02.22 Libya: (PM).

24.02.22 Russia invades Ukraine

01.03.22 Addes: Viceroyalties of Chinese Empire

03.03.22 Burkina-Faso: (PM). Mozambique: (PM).

11.03.22 Chile: (Pres).

13.03.22 Armenia: (Pres).

19.03.22 Turkmenistan: (Pres).

01.04.22 San Marino: (Captains-general).

11.04.22 Pakistan: (PM).

19.04.22 Yemen: (Pres), (internationally recognised).

25.04.22 Added: Municipalities to Chinese administrative divisions.

28.04.22 Montenegro: (PM).

01.05.22 Switzerland: Cantons Glarus, Valais and Zurich.

08.05.22 Costa Rica: (Pres).

10.05.22 Hungary: (Pres). South Korea: (PM).

12.05.22 South Korea: (PM). Sri Lanka: (PM).

14.05.22 U.A.E: (Head of state), Abu Dahbi (ruler).

15.05.22 Somalia: (Pres).

16.05.22 France: (PM).

25.05.22 Slovenia: (PM).

30.05.22 Moldova: (PM). New Page: Former Scottish Polities

07.06.22 Sovereign Millitary Order of Malta: (Grand Master).

30.06.22 Philipinnes: (Pres).

01.07.22 China: Hong Kong (Chief executive). Switzerland: Basel-Land, Luzern, Nidwalden, Obwald,

          Schwyz and Vaud.

10.07.22 Jersey: (PM).

15.07.22 Sri Lanka: (Pres). Australia: Western Australia (PM).

19.07.22 Kuwait: (PM).

22.07.22 Sri Lanka: (PM).

23.07.22 Vanuatu: (Pres).

24.07.22 Albania: (Pres).

25.07.22 India: (Pres).

02.08.22 Bulgaria: (PM).

07.08.22 Colombia: (Pres). New Page: Pakistan provinces

17.08.22 New Page: Comoros

06.09.22 U.K: (PM).

07.09.22 Burundi (PM).

08.09.22 U.K: (King).

27.09.22 Saudi Arabia: (PM).

28.09.22 Nauru: (PM).

30.09.22 Burkina Faso: (Pres).

01.10.22 San Marino: (Captains-General).

13.10.22 Iraq: (Pres).

17.10.22 Sweden: (PM).

22.10.22 Italy: (PM).

25.10.22 U.K: (PM).

28.10.22 Lesotho: (PM).

04.11.22 Vanuatu: (PM).

16.11.22 Bosnia: (Presidents)

24.11.22 Malaysia: (PM). Peru: (PM).

05.12.22 New Page: Provinces of Brazil 1821-89

07.12.22 Peru: (Pres).

10.12.22 Peru: (PM).

17.12.22 Ireland: (PM).

22.12.22 Peru: (PM).

23.12.22 Slovenia: (Pres).

26.12.22 Nepal: (PM).

29.12.22 Israel (PM).

30.12.22 Laos: (PM).


Deaths of 2022

09.01.22 Toshiki Kaifu, PM of Japan 1989-91 (1931).

11.01.22 David-Maria Sassoli, President of the EU Parliament 2019-22 (1956).

11.01.22 Ernest Shonekan, Head of State of Nigeria 1993 (1936).

03.02.22 Christos Sartzetakis, President of Greece 1985-90 (1929).

12.02.22 Karl Vaino, First Secretary of the Estonian Communist Party 1978-88 (1923).

07.03.22 Mohammed Rafiq Tarar, President of Pakistan 1998-2001 (1929).

12.03.22 Karl Offmann, President of Mauritius 2002-03 (1940).

19.03.22 Shahabuddin Ahmad, President of Bangladesh 1990-91, 1996-2001 (1930).

27.03.22 Ayuz Mutalib, President of Azerbaijan 1990-92 (1938).

21.04.22 Mwai Kibaki, President of Kenya 2002-13 (1931).

04.05.22 Stanislav Shushkevich, head of state of Belarus 1991-94 (1934).

10.05.22 Leonid Kravchuk, President of Ukraine 1991-94 (1934).

13.05.22 Sheikh Khalifa ibn Zaid Al Nahayan, President of the U.A.E 2004-22 (1948).

26.05.22 Ciriaco De Mita, PM of Italy 1988-89 (1928).

28.05.22 Bujar Nishani, president of Albania 2012-17 (1966).

07.06.22 Marco Luzzago, Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta 2020-22 (1950).

08.07.22 Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan 2006-07, 2012-20 (1954).

08.07.22 Luis Echeverria Alvarez, President of Mexico 1970-76 (1922).

25.07.22 David Trimble, PM of Northern Ireland 1998-2002 (1944).

30.08.22 Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

         1985-91. President of the Soviet Union 1990-91 (1931).

08.09.22 Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom and Commonwealth Realms 1952-2022 (1926).

17.10.22 Younoussi Touré, PM of Mali 1992-93 (1941).

29.10.22 Daniel Schmutz, Swiss politician, president of Vaud 1986, 1992, 1996 (1943).

05.11.22 Carmelo Bonnici, PM of Malta 1984-87 (1933).

30.11.22 Jiang Zemin, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China 1989-2002, President of             China 1993-2003 (1926).

29.12.22 Edgar Savisaar, PM of Estonia 1990-92 (1950).

30.12.22 Janez Zemljaric, PM of Slovenia 1980-84 (1928).

31.12.22 Benidict XVI, Pope of the Roman Catholic Church 2005-13 (1927).


Nobel Prizes

Chemistry: Carolyn Bertozzi (U.S), Morten P. Meldal (Denmark), Karl Sharpless (U.S).

Economics: Ben Bernanke (U.S), Douglas Diamond (U.S), Philip H. Dybvig (U.S).

Literature: Annie Ernaux (France).

Peace: Ales Bialiatski (Belarus), Memorial (Russia), Center for Civil Liberties (Ukraine).

Physics: Alain Aspect (France), John Clauser (U.S), Anton Zeilinger (Austria).

Physiology and Medicine: Svante Paabo (Sweden).

2021 Updates

01.01.21 Moldova: (PM). Switzerland: (Pres), Cantons: Aargau, Graubuenden, Jura,

Schaffhausen, Solothurn and Zug. OSCE: (Chair).

04.01.21 U.S: Montana (gov), Utah (gov).

14.01.21 Canada: Nunavut (Gov).

15.01.21 Laos: (Gen-sec).

20.01.21 U.S: (Pres) and (vice-pres).

26.01.21 Estonia: (PM). Added: Former Russian Polities

21.01.21 Mongolia: (PM).

28.01.21 Kygyzstan: (Pres).

01.02.21 Myanmar: (Pres), (PM).

03.02.21 Switzerland: Basel-Stadt.

08.02.21 Haiti: (opposition Pres).

13.02.21 Italy (PM).

18.02.21 Serbian Orthodox Church: (Metropolitan).

22.02.21 Georgia: (PM).

25.02.21 Added: Administrative Divisions of China.

10.03.21 Libya: (Pres).

15.03.21 Libya: (PM).

21.03.21 Added: Republic of China Administrative Divisions

22.03.21 Laos: (Pres) and (PM). Serbia: Kosovo (PM).

25.03.21 Liechtenstein: (PM).

01.04.21 San Marino (Captains-regent), Slovaia: (PM).

04.04.21 Serbia: Kosovo (Pres).

05.04.21 Vietnam: (Pres, (PM).

14.04.21 Haiti: (PM).

16.04.21 South Korea: (PM).

19.04.21 Cuba: (Party-secretary)

23.04.21 Greenland: (PM).

01.05.21 Switzerland: Cantons Valais and Zurich.

12.05.21 Bulgaria: (PM).

14.05.21 South Korea: (PM).

18.05.21 Congo (Brazzaville): (PM).

24.05.21 Ecuador: (Pres).

25.05.21 Switzerland: Neuchatel.

01.06.21 Switzerland: Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Geneva, St Gallen.

04.06.21 Added: States of the Central American Federation

13.06.21 Israel: (PM).

15.06.21 Central African Republic (PM).

25.06.21 Mongolia: (Pres).

30.06.21 Algeria: (PM).

01.07.21 Switzerland: Cantons Basel-Land, Lucerne, Nidwalden and Obwalden.

07.07.21 Israel: (Pres). Haiti: (Pres).

13.07.21 Nepal: (PM).

25.07.21 Tunisia: (PM).

26.07.21 Canada: (Gov-gen).

28.07.21 Peru: (PM).

03.08.21 Iran: (Pres).

04.08.21 Pakistan: Azad Kashmir (PM).

06.08.21 Moldova (PM).

15.08.21 Afghanistan: Taliban capture Kabul.

21.08.21 Malaysia: (PM).

23.08.21 U.S: New York (gov).

24.08.21 Zambia: (Pres).

01.09.21 New Page: Mexican States to 1848.

10.09.21 Lebanon: (PM).

14.09.21 U.N: (Gen-assembly pres)

15.09.21 U.K: Cabinet reshuffle.

20.09.21 Argentina: (PM).

28.09.21 New Zealand: (Gov-gen).

29.09.21 Isle of Man: (Gov).

01.10.21 San Marino: (Captaints-general). Vatican City: (PM).

04.10.21 Japan: (PM)

06.10.21 Peru: (PM).

07.10.21 Morocco: (PM).

11.10.21 Austria (PM). Estonia (PM). Tunisia (PM).

12.10.21 Kyrgyzstan: (PM). Isle of Man (PM).

14.10.21 Norway: (PM).

21.10.21 New Zealand: (Gov-gen).

25.10.21 Sudan: (Pres, PM).

24.11.31 Romania: (PM).

30.11.21 Sweden: (PM).

06.12.21 Austria: (PM).

08.12.21 Germany: (PM).

10.12.21 Bukina Fasso: (PM).

13.12.21 Bulgaria: (PM).

17.12.21 Czechia: (PM).

21.12.21 Germany: Berlin (Mayor).

28.12.21 Tonga: (PM).


Deaths

14.02.21 Carlos Menem, President of Argentina 1989-99 (1930).

26.02.21 Sir Michael Somare, PM of Papua New Guinea 1972-80, 1982-85, 2002-11, 2011-12 (1936).

10.03.21 Manuel da Costa, PM of Guinea-Bissau 1994-97 (1942).

10.03.21 Cali Maxdi Muxammed, president of Somalia 1991-96 (1938).

16.03.21 Moudud Ahmed, PM of Bangladesh 1988-89 (1940).

17.03.21 John Magufuli, President of Tanzania 2015-21 (1959).

09.04.21 HRH. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Consort of the United Kingdom 1952-2021 (1921).

14.04.21 Yildirim Akbulut, PM of Turkey 1989-91 (1935).

27.05.21 Poul Schlueter (PM of Denmark 1982-93 (1929).

18.06.21 Kenneth Kaunda, President of Zambia 1964-91 (1924).

24.06.21 Benigno Aquino III, President of the Philippines 2010-16 (1960).

06.07.21 Patrick John, PM of Dominica 1974-79 (1937).

07.07.21 Jovenel Moïse, President of Haiti 2017-21 (1968).

14.07.21 Mamnoon Hussain, Pres of Pakistan 2013-18 (1940).

19.07.21 Arturo Armando Molina, President of El Salvador 1972-77 (1927).

14.07.21 Carlos Correira, PM of Guinea-Bissau 1991-94. 1997-98, 2008-09, 2015-16 (1933).

15.08.21 Abdelhammid Brahimi, PM of Algeria 1984-88 (1943).

10.09.21 Jorge Sampaio, President of Portugal 1996-2006 (1939)

13.09.21 Borisav Jovic, President of Yugoslavia 1990-91 (1928).

17.09.21 Abdelaziz Boutaflika, President of Algeria 1999-2019 (1937).

09.10.21 Abolhasan Banisadr, President of Iran 1980-81 (1933).

17.10.21 Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai, PM of Afghanistan 1995-96 (1944).

26.10.21 Roh Tae-woo, President of South Korea 1988-93 (1932).

29.10.21 Clément Mouamba, PM of Congo (Brazzaville) 2016-21 (1943).

11.11.21 Frederik de Klerk, State President of South Africa 1989-94 (1936).

23.11.21 Chun Doo Hwan, President of South Korea 1980-88 (1931).

06.12.21 Kare Willoch, PM of Norway 1981-86 (1928).

07.12.21 Mustafa Ben Halim, PM of Libya 1954-57 (1921).

09.12.21 Otar Patsatsia, PM of Georgia 1993-95 (1929).

15.12.21 Fayez Tarawneh, PM of Jordan 1998-99, 2012 (1949).

26.12.21 Karolos Papoulias, President of Greece 2005-15 (1926).


Nobel Prizes

Chemistry: Benjamin List (Germany), David MacMillan (U.K).

Economics: David Card (Canada), Joshua Angrist (Israel), Guido Imbens (Netherlands).

Literature: Abdulrazak Gurnah (Tanzania).

Peace: Maria Ressa (Philippines), Dmitry Muratov (Russia).

Physics: Syukuro Manabe (Japan), Klaus Hasselmann (Germany), Giorgio Parisi (Italy).

Physiology and Medicine: David Julius (U.S). Ardem Patapoutian (Lebanon).

2020 Updates

01.01.20 Switzerland: (Pres). Aargau, Fribourg, Graubuenden, Jura, Schaffhausen and Solothurn. EU: Council presidency. EEU: (Pres).

03.01.20 FYROM: (PM).

07.01.20 Austria: (PM).

11.01.20 Oman: (Sultan) and (PM). U.K: Northern Ireland (PM).

13.01.20 Malta: (PM). Marshall Islands (Pres).

14.01.20 Guatemala: (Pres). South Korea (PM). U.S: Mississippi (Gov).

16.01.20 RF: (PM).

20.01.20 Australia: Tasmania (PM).

21.01.20 Lebanon (PM).

28.01.20 Qatar: (PM).

31.01.20 The U.K withdraws from the European Union

18.02.20 Croatia: (Pres).

27.02.20 Guinea-Bissau: (Pres). Tunisia: (PM).

01.03.20 Guinea-Bissau: (PM). Malaysia: (PM). Uruguay: (Pres).

03.03.20 Slovenia: (PM).

04.03.20 Haiti: (PM). Ukraine: (PM).

13.03.20 Greece: (Pres).

21.03.20 Slovakia: (PM).

01.04.20 San Marino: (Captains-general).

20.04.20 Vanuatu: (Pres).

24.04.20 Abkhazia: (Pres), (PM).

29.04.20 Sovereign Military Order of Malta (acting lieutenant).

01.05.20 Germany: Augsburg and Nuremburg (Mayors).

07.05.20 Iraq: (PM).

13.05.20 Added: Japan Prefectures.

21.05.20 Armenia: Nagorno-Karabakh (Pres).

30.05.20 Added: Counties of Croatia

01.06.20 Switzerland: Cantons Bern, Neuchatel, Thurgau, St. Gallen and Uri.

03.06.20 Serbia: Kosovo (PM).

04.06.20 Belarus: (PM).

09.06.20 Burundi (Pres).

11.06.20 Syria: (PM).

16.06.20 Kyrgyzstan: (PM).

24.06.20 Burundi: (PM).

27.06.20 Ireland (PM).

01.07.20 Switzerland: Cantons Basel-Land, Luzern, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schwyz.

03.07.20 France: (PM).

15.07.20 Peru: (PM).

16.07.20 Suriname: (Pres), (PM).

25.07.20 Somalia: (PM).

02.08.20 Guyana: (Pres), (PM).

06.08.20 Peru: (PM).

13.08.20 North Korea (PM).

16.08.20 Dominican Republic: (Pres).

29.08.20 South Ossetia (PM).

30.08.20 North Macedonia: (PM).

01.09.20 Monaco: (PM).

02.09.20 Tunisia: (PM).

15.09.20 U.N: (Assembly chair).

16.09.20 Japan: (PM).

30.09.20 Kuwait: (Emir)

01.10.20 Belgium: (PM). San Marino (Captains-general).

09.10.20 Kyrgyzstan: (PM).

12.10.20 Jordan: (PM).

14.10.20 Kyrgyzstan: (PM).

15.10.20 Kyrgyzstan: (PM).

16.10.20 Added Gaue of Nazi Germany.

02.11.20 Tanzania: Zanzibar (Pres).

05.11.20 Serbia: Kosovo (Pres).

08.11.20 Bolivia: (Pres).

10.11.20 Peru: (Pres).

11.11.20 Bahrain: (PM). Peru: (PM).

16.11.20 Peru (Pres).

17.11.20 Peru: (PM).

04.12.20 Montenegro: (PM).

07.12.20 Romania: (PM).

11.12.20 Lithuania: (PM).

23.12.20 Romania: (PM).

24.12.20 Moldova: (Pres).




Deaths

10.01.20 Qabus al Sa`id, Sultan of Oman 1970-2020, PM 1972-2020 (1940).

21.01.20 Hédi Baccouch, PM of Tunisia 1987-89 (1930). Tengiz Sigua PM of Georgia 1992-93 (1936).

31.01.20 Janez Stankovnik, Slovene economist and Partisan, President of Slovenia 1988-90 (1922).

02.02.20 Michale "Mike" Moore, PM of New Zealand 1990 (1949).

03.02.20 Valentyna Shevchenko, Head of state of the Ukrainian S.S.R 1984-90 (1935).

17.02.20 Mário da Graça Machungo, PM of Mozambique 1986-94 (1940).

25.02.20 Hosni Mubarak, President of Egypt 1981-2011, PM 1981-82 (1928).

25.02.20 Dmitry Yazov, Soviet defence minister 1987-91 (1924).

03.03.20 Stanislaw Kania, First Secretary of the PRPZ 1980-81 (1927).

04.03.20 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, General-Secretary of the U.N 1982-91, PM of Peru 2000-01 (1920).

30.03.20 Hau Pei-tsun, PM of Taiwan 1990-93 (1919).

04.04.20 Rafael Leonardo Callejas, President of Honduras 1990-94 (1943).

05.04.20 Mohammed Jibril, actimg PM of Libya 2011 (1952).

12.04.20 Chung Won Shik, PM of South Korea 1991-92 (1928).

27.04.20 Dragutin Zelenovic, PM of Serbia 1991 (1928).

29.04.20 Giacomo Della Torre, Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta 2018-20 (1944).

01.05.20 Tun Tin, PM of Myanmar 1988 (1930).

12.05.20 Sisavath Keobounphanh, PM of Laos 1998-2001 (1928).

25.05.20 Hyun Soong Jong, PM of South Korea 1992-93 (1919).

27.06.20 Belaid Abdelssalam, PM of Algeria 1992-93 (1928).

10.07.20 Miloš Jakeš, Communist Party Secretary of Czechoslovakia 1987-89 (1922).

30.07.20 Lee Teng-hui, President of the Republic of China (Taiwan),1988-2000 (1923).

07.08.20 Le Kha Phieu, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam 1997-2001 (1931).

20.08.20 Branko Kostić, President of Yugoslavia 1991-92 (1939).

31.08.20 Pranab Mukherjee, President of India 2012-17 (1935).

18.09.20 John Turner, PM of Canada 1984 (1929).

18.09.20 Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice of the U.S Supreme Court 1993-2020 (1933).

29.09.20 Sabah IV Al-Sabah, Emire of Kuwait 2006-20 (1929).

01.10.20 Ali Bozer, PM of Turkey 1989 (1925).

18.10.20 René Felber, President of Switzerland 1992, Member of the Federal Council 1987-93 (1933).

30.10.20 Mesut Yilmaz, PM of Turkey 1991, 1996, 1997-99, (1947).

11.11.20 Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, Bahraini royal, PM of Bahrain 1970-2020 (1935).

12.11.20 Jerry John Rawlings, Head of State of Ghana 1981-2001 (1947).

14.11.20 Hasan Muratovic, PM of Bosnia 1996-97 (1940).

20.11.20 Irinej, Serbian Patriarch 2010-2020 (1930).

26.11.20 Sadiq al-Mahdi, PM of Sudan 1966-67, 1986-89 (1935).

02.12.20 Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, President of France 1974-81 (1926).

06.12.20 Tabaré Vázquez, President of Uruguay 2005-10, 2015-20 (1940).

12.12.20 Fikre Selassie Wogderess, PM of Ethiopia 1987-91 (1945).

17.12.20 Pierre Buyoya, President of Burundi 1987-93, 1996-2003 (1949).

18.12.20 Michael Jeffrey, Governor-General of Australia 2003-2008 (1937).

18.12.20 José Vicente Rangel, vice-resident of Venezuela 2002-07 (1929).

18.12.20 Oscar Reig, PM of Andorra 1982-84, 1990-94 (1936).

22.12.20 Muhammed Mustafa Mero, PM of Syria 2000-03 (1941).


Nobel Prizes

Chemistry: Emmanuelle Charpentier (France), Jennifer Doudna (U.S).

Economics: Paul Milgrom (U.S), Robert B. Wilson (U.S).

Literature: Louise Glueck (U.S)

Peace: United Nations World Food Program.

Physics: Roger Penrose (U.K), Reinhard Genzel (Germany), Andrea Ghez (U.S).

Physiology and Medicine: Harvey Alter (U.S), Michael Houghton (U.K), Charles M. Rice (U.S).