Updates

2022 Updates

01.01.22 Switzerland: (Pres). Cantons Aargau, Fribourg, Graubunden, Jura, Schaffhausen, Solothurn.

05.01.22 Kazakhstan: (PM).

15.01.22 U.S: Virginia (gov).

16.01.22 North Macedonia: (PM).

24.01.22 Burkina Faso: (Pres, PM).

27.01.22 Honduras: (Pres).

01.02.22 Armenia: (Pres). Peru: (PM).

07.02.22 Central African Republic: (PM).

08.02.22 Peru: (PM).

10.02.22 Libya: (PM).

24.02.22 Russia invades Ukraine

01.03.22 Addes: Viceroyalties of Chinese Empire

03.03.22 Burkina-Faso: (PM). Mozambique: (PM).

11.03.22 Chile: (Pres).

13.03.22 Armenia: (Pres).

19.03.22 Turkmenistan: (Pres).

01.04.22 San Marino: (Captains-general).

11.04.22 Pakistan: (PM).

19.04.22 Yemen: (Pres), (internationally recognised).

25.04.22 Added: Municipalities to Chinese administrative divisions.

28.04.22 Montenegro: (PM).

01.05.22 Switzerland: Cantons Glarus, Valais and Zurich.

08.05.22 Costa Rica: (Pres).

10.05.22 Hungary: (Pres). South Korea: (PM).

12.05.22 South Korea: (PM). Sri Lanka: (PM).

14.05.22 U.A.E: (Head of state), Abu Dahbi (ruler).

15.05.22 Somalia: (Pres).

16.05.22 France: (PM).

25.05.22 Slovenia: (PM).

30.05.22 Moldova: (PM). New Page: Former Scottish Polities

07.06.22 Sovereign Millitary Order of Malta: (Grand Master).

30.06.22 Philipinnes: (Pres).

01.07.22 China: Hong Kong (Chief executive). Switzerland: Basel-Land, Luzern, Nidwalden, Obwald,

          Schwyz and Vaud.

10.07.22 Jersey: (PM).

15.07.22 Sri Lanka: (Pres). Australia: Western Australia (PM).

19.07.22 Kuwait: (PM).

22.07.22 Sri Lanka: (PM).

23.07.22 Vanuatu: (Pres).

24.07.22 Albania: (Pres).

25.07.22 India: (Pres).

02.08.22 Bulgaria: (PM).

07.08.22 Colombia: (Pres). New Page: Pakistan provinces

17.08.22 New Page: Comoros

06.09.22 U.K: (PM).

07.09.22 Burundi (PM).

08.09.22 U.K: (King).

27.09.22 Saudi Arabia: (PM).


Deaths of 2022

09.01.22 Toshiki Kaifu, PM of Japan 1989-91 (1931).

11.01.22 David-Maria Sassoli, President of the EU Parliament 2019-22 (1956).

11.01.22 Ernest Shonekan, Head of State of Nigeria 1993 (1936).

03.02.22 Christos Sartzetakis, President of Greece 1985-90 (1929).

07.03.22 Mohammed Rafiq Tarar, President of Pakistan 1998-2001 (1929).

12.03.22 Karl Offmann, President of Mauritius 2002-03 (1940).

19.03.22 Shahabuddin Ahmad, President of Bangladesh 1990-91, 1996-2001 (1930).

27.03.22 Ayuz Mutalib, President of Azerbaijan 1990-92 (1938).

21.04.22 Mwai Kibaki, President of Kenya 2002-13 (1931).

04.05.22 Stanislav Shushkevich, head of state of Belarus 1991-94 (1934).

10.05.22 Leonid Kravchuk, President of Ukraine 1991-94 (1934).

13.05.22 Sheikh Khalifa ibn Zaid Al Nahayan, President of the U.A.E 2004-22 (1948).

26.05.22 Ciriaco De Mita, PM of Italy 1988-89 (1928).

28.05.22 Bujar Nishani, president of Albania 2012-17 (1966).

07.06.22 Marco Luzzago, Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta 2020-22 (1950).

08.07.22 Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan 2006-07, 2012-20 (1954).

08.07.22 Luis Echeverria Alvarez, President of Mexico 1970-76 (1922).

25.07.22 David Trimble, PM of Northern Ireland 1998-2002 (1944).

30.08.22 Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

         1985-91. President of the Soviet Union 1990-91 (1931).

08.09.22 Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom and Commonwealth Realms 1952-2022 (1926).

2021 Updates

01.01.21 Moldova: (PM). Switzerland: (Pres), Cantons: Aargau, Graubuenden, Jura,

Schaffhausen, Solothurn and Zug. OSCE: (Chair).

04.01.21 U.S: Montana (gov), Utah (gov).

14.01.21 Canada: Nunavut (Gov).

15.01.21 Laos: (Gen-sec).

20.01.21 U.S: (Pres) and (vice-pres).

26.01.21 Estonia: (PM). Added: Former Russian Polities

21.01.21 Mongolia: (PM).

28.01.21 Kygyzstan: (Pres).

01.02.21 Myanmar: (Pres), (PM).

03.02.21 Switzerland: Basel-Stadt.

08.02.21 Haiti: (opposition Pres).

13.02.21 Italy (PM).

18.02.21 Serbian Orthodox Church: (Metropolitan).

22.02.21 Georgia: (PM).

25.02.21 Added: Administrative Divisions of China.

10.03.21 Libya: (Pres).

15.03.21 Libya: (PM).

21.03.21 Added: Republic of China Administrative Divisions

22.03.21 Laos: (Pres) and (PM). Serbia: Kosovo (PM).

25.03.21 Liechtenstein: (PM).

01.04.21 San Marino (Captains-regent), Slovaia: (PM).

04.04.21 Serbia: Kosovo (Pres).

05.04.21 Vietnam: (Pres, (PM).

14.04.21 Haiti: (PM).

16.04.21 South Korea: (PM).

19.04.21 Cuba: (Party-secretary)

23.04.21 Greenland: (PM).

01.05.21 Switzerland: Cantons Valais and Zurich.

12.05.21 Bulgaria: (PM).

14.05.21 South Korea: (PM).

18.05.21 Congo (Brazzaville): (PM).

24.05.21 Ecuador: (Pres).

25.05.21 Switzerland: Neuchatel.

01.06.21 Switzerland: Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Geneva, St Gallen.

04.06.21 Added: States of the Central American Federation

13.06.21 Israel: (PM).

15.06.21 Central African Republic (PM).

25.06.21 Mongolia: (Pres).

30.06.21 Algeria: (PM).

01.07.21 Switzerland: Cantons Basel-Land, Lucerne, Nidwalden and Obwalden.

07.07.21 Israel: (Pres). Haiti: (Pres).

13.07.21 Nepal: (PM).

25.07.21 Tunisia: (PM).

26.07.21 Canada: (Gov-gen).

28.07.21 Peru: (PM).

03.08.21 Iran: (Pres).

04.08.21 Pakistan: Azad Kashmir (PM).

06.08.21 Moldova (PM).

15.08.21 Afghanistan: Taliban capture Kabul.

21.08.21 Malaysia: (PM).

23.08.21 U.S: New York (gov).

24.08.21 Zambia: (Pres).

01.09.21 New Page: Mexican States to 1848.

10.09.21 Lebanon: (PM).

14.09.21 U.N: (Gen-assembly pres)

15.09.21 U.K: Cabinet reshuffle.

20.09.21 Argentina: (PM).

28.09.21 New Zealand: (Gov-gen).

29.09.21 Isle of Man: (Gov).

01.10.21 San Marino: (Captaints-general). Vatican City: (PM).

04.10.21 Japan: (PM)

06.10.21 Peru: (PM).

07.10.21 Morocco: (PM).

11.10.21 Austria (PM). Estonia (PM). Tunisia (PM).

12.10.21 Kyrgyzstan: (PM). Isle of Man (PM).

14.10.21 Norway: (PM).

21.10.21 New Zealand: (Gov-gen).

25.10.21 Sudan: (Pres, PM).

24.11.31 Romania: (PM).

30.11.21 Sweden: (PM).

06.12.21 Austria: (PM).

08.12.21 Germany: (PM).

10.12.21 Bukina Fasso: (PM).

13.12.21 Bulgaria: (PM).

17.12.21 Czechia: (PM).

21.12.21 Germany: Berlin (Mayor).

28.12.21 Tonga: (PM).


Deaths

14.02.21 Carlos Menem, President of Argentina 1989-99 (1930).

26.02.21 Sir Michael Somare, PM of Papua New Guinea 1972-80, 1982-85, 2002-11, 2011-12 (1936).

10.03.21 Manuel da Costa, PM of Guinea-Bissau 1994-97 (1942).

10.03.21 Cali Maxdi Muxammed, president of Somalia 1991-96 (1938).

16.03.21 Moudud Ahmed, PM of Bangladesh 1988-89 (1940).

17.03.21 John Magufuli, President of Tanzania 2015-21 (1959).

09.04.21 HRH. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Consort of the United Kingdom 1952-2021 (1921).

14.04.21 Yildirim Akbulut, PM of Turkey 1989-91 (1935).

27.05.21 Poul Schlueter (PM of Denmark 1982-93 (1929).

18.06.21 Kenneth Kaunda, President of Zambia 1964-91 (1924).

24.06.21 Benigno Aquino III, President of the Philippines 2010-16 (1960).

06.07.21 Patrick John, PM of Dominica 1974-79 (1937).

07.07.21 Jovenel Moïse, President of Haiti 2017-21 (1968).

14.07.21 Mamnoon Hussain, Pres of Pakistan 2013-18 (1940).

19.07.21 Arturo Armando Molina, President of El Salvador 1972-77 (1927).

14.07.21 Carlos Correira, PM of Guinea-Bissau 1991-94. 1997-98, 2008-09, 2015-16 (1933).

15.08.21 Abdelhammid Brahimi, PM of Algeria 1984-88 (1943).

10.09.21 Jorge Sampaio, President of Portugal 1996-2006 (1939)

13.09.21 Borisav Jovic, President of Yugoslavia 1990-91 (1928).

17.09.21 Abdelaziz Boutaflika, President of Algeria 1999-2019 (1937).

09.10.21 Abolhasan Banisadr, President of Iran 1980-81 (1933).

17.10.21 Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai, PM of Afghanistan 1995-96 (1944).

26.10.21 Roh Tae-woo, President of South Korea 1988-93 (1932).

29.10.21 Clément Mouamba, PM of Congo (Brazzaville) 2016-21 (1943).

11.11.21 Frederik de Klerk, State President of South Africa 1989-94 (1936).

23.11.21 Chun Doo Hwan, President of South Korea 1980-88 (1931).

06.12.21 Kare Willoch, PM of Norway 1981-86 (1928).

07.12.21 Mustafa Ben Halim, PM of Libya 1954-57 (1921).

09.12.21 Otar Patsatsia, PM of Georgia 1993-95 (1929).

15.12.21 Fayez Tarawneh, PM of Jordan 1998-99, 2012 (1949).

26.12.21 Karolos Papoulias, President of Greece 2005-15 (1926).


Nobel Prizes

Chemistry: Benjamin List (Germany), David MacMillan (U.K).

Economics: David Card (Canada), Joshua Angrist (Israel), Guido Imbens (Netherlands).

Literature: Abdulrazak Gurnah (Tanzania).

Peace: Maria Ressa (Philippines), Dmitry Muratov (Russia).

Physics: Syukuro Manabe (Japan), Klaus Hasselmann (Germany), Giorgio Parisi (Italy).

Physiology and Medicine: David Julius (U.S). Ardem Patapoutian (Lebanon).

2020 Updates

01.01.20 Switzerland: (Pres). Aargau, Fribourg, Graubuenden, Jura, Schaffhausen and Solothurn. EU: Council presidency. EEU: (Pres).

03.01.20 FYROM: (PM).

07.01.20 Austria: (PM).

11.01.20 Oman: (Sultan) and (PM). U.K: Northern Ireland (PM).

13.01.20 Malta: (PM). Marshall Islands (Pres).

14.01.20 Guatemala: (Pres). South Korea (PM). U.S: Mississippi (Gov).

16.01.20 RF: (PM).

20.01.20 Australia: Tasmania (PM).

21.01.20 Lebanon (PM).

28.01.20 Qatar: (PM).

31.01.20 The U.K withdraws from the European Union

18.02.20 Croatia: (Pres).

27.02.20 Guinea-Bissau: (Pres). Tunisia: (PM).

01.03.20 Guinea-Bissau: (PM). Malaysia: (PM). Uruguay: (Pres).

03.03.20 Slovenia: (PM).

04.03.20 Haiti: (PM). Ukraine: (PM).

13.03.20 Greece: (Pres).

21.03.20 Slovakia: (PM).

01.04.20 San Marino: (Captains-general).

20.04.20 Vanuatu: (Pres).

24.04.20 Abkhazia: (Pres), (PM).

29.04.20 Sovereign Military Order of Malta (acting lieutenant).

01.05.20 Germany: Augsburg and Nuremburg (Mayors).

07.05.20 Iraq: (PM).

13.05.20 Added: Japan Prefectures.

21.05.20 Armenia: Nagorno-Karabakh (Pres).

30.05.20 Added: Counties of Croatia

01.06.20 Switzerland: Cantons Bern, Neuchatel, Thurgau, St. Gallen and Uri.

03.06.20 Serbia: Kosovo (PM).

04.06.20 Belarus: (PM).

09.06.20 Burundi (Pres).

11.06.20 Syria: (PM).

16.06.20 Kyrgyzstan: (PM).

24.06.20 Burundi: (PM).

27.06.20 Ireland (PM).

01.07.20 Switzerland: Cantons Basel-Land, Luzern, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schwyz.

03.07.20 France: (PM).

15.07.20 Peru: (PM).

16.07.20 Suriname: (Pres), (PM).

25.07.20 Somalia: (PM).

02.08.20 Guyana: (Pres), (PM).

06.08.20 Peru: (PM).

13.08.20 North Korea (PM).

16.08.20 Dominican Republic: (Pres).

29.08.20 South Ossetia (PM).

30.08.20 North Macedonia: (PM).

01.09.20 Monaco: (PM).

02.09.20 Tunisia: (PM).

15.09.20 U.N: (Assembly chair).

16.09.20 Japan: (PM).

30.09.20 Kuwait: (Emir)

01.10.20 Belgium: (PM). San Marino (Captains-general).

09.10.20 Kyrgyzstan: (PM).

12.10.20 Jordan: (PM).

14.10.20 Kyrgyzstan: (PM).

15.10.20 Kyrgyzstan: (PM).

16.10.20 Added Gaue of Nazi Germany.

02.11.20 Tanzania: Zanzibar (Pres).

05.11.20 Serbia: Kosovo (Pres).

08.11.20 Bolivia: (Pres).

10.11.20 Peru: (Pres).

11.11.20 Bahrain: (PM). Peru: (PM).

16.11.20 Peru (Pres).

17.11.20 Peru: (PM).

04.12.20 Montenegro: (PM).

07.12.20 Romania: (PM).

11.12.20 Lithuania: (PM).

23.12.20 Romania: (PM).

24.12.20 Moldova: (Pres).




Deaths

10.01.20 Qabus al Sa`id, Sultan of Oman 1970-2020, PM 1972-2020 (1940).

21.01.20 Hédi Baccouch, PM of Tunisia 1987-89 (1930). Tengiz Sigua PM of Georgia 1992-93 (1936).

31.01.20 Janez Stankovnik, Slovene economist and Partisan, President of Slovenia 1988-90 (1922).

02.02.20 Michale "Mike" Moore, PM of New Zealand 1990 (1949).

03.02.20 Valentyna Shevchenko, Head of state of the Ukrainian S.S.R 1984-90 (1935).

17.02.20 Mário da Graça Machungo, PM of Mozambique 1986-94 (1940).

25.02.20 Hosni Mubarak, President of Egypt 1981-2011, PM 1981-82 (1928).

25.02.20 Dmitry Yazov, Soviet defence minister 1987-91 (1924).

03.03.20 Stanislaw Kania, First Secretary of the PRPZ 1980-81 (1927).

04.03.20 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, General-Secretary of the U.N 1982-91, PM of Peru 2000-01 (1920).

30.03.20 Hau Pei-tsun, PM of Taiwan 1990-93 (1919).

04.04.20 Rafael Leonardo Callejas, President of Honduras 1990-94 (1943).

05.04.20 Mohammed Jibril, actimg PM of Libya 2011 (1952).

12.04.20 Chung Won Shik, PM of South Korea 1991-92 (1928).

27.04.20 Dragutin Zelenovic, PM of Serbia 1991 (1928).

29.04.20 Giacomo Della Torre, Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta 2018-20 (1944).

01.05.20 Tun Tin, PM of Myanmar 1988 (1930).

12.05.20 Sisavath Keobounphanh, PM of Laos 1998-2001 (1928).

25.05.20 Hyun Soong Jong, PM of South Korea 1992-93 (1919).

27.06.20 Belaid Abdelssalam, PM of Algeria 1992-93 (1928).

10.07.20 Miloš Jakeš, Communist Party Secretary of Czechoslovakia 1987-89 (1922).

30.07.20 Lee Teng-hui, President of the Republic of China (Taiwan),1988-2000 (1923).

07.08.20 Le Kha Phieu, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam 1997-2001 (1931).

20.08.20 Branko Kostić, President of Yugoslavia 1991-92 (1939).

31.08.20 Pranab Mukherjee, President of India 2012-17 (1935).

18.09.20 John Turner, PM of Canada 1984 (1929).

18.09.20 Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice of the U.S Supreme Court 1993-2020 (1933).

29.09.20 Sabah IV Al-Sabah, Emire of Kuwait 2006-20 (1929).

01.10.20 Ali Bozer, PM of Turkey 1989 (1925).

18.10.20 René Felber, President of Switzerland 1992, Member of the Federal Council 1987-93 (1933).

30.10.20 Mesut Yilmaz, PM of Turkey 1991, 1996, 1997-99, (1947).

11.11.20 Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, Bahraini royal, PM of Bahrain 1970-2020 (1935).

12.11.20 Jerry John Rawlings, Head of State of Ghana 1981-2001 (1947).

14.11.20 Hasan Muratovic, PM of Bosnia 1996-97 (1940).

20.11.20 Irinej, Serbian Patriarch 2010-2020 (1930).

26.11.20 Sadiq al-Mahdi, PM of Sudan 1966-67, 1986-89 (1935).

02.12.20 Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, President of France 1974-81 (1926).

06.12.20 Tabaré Vázquez, President of Uruguay 2005-10, 2015-20 (1940).

12.12.20 Fikre Selassie Wogderess, PM of Ethiopia 1987-91 (1945).

17.12.20 Pierre Buyoya, President of Burundi 1987-93, 1996-2003 (1949).

18.12.20 Michael Jeffrey, Governor-General of Australia 2003-2008 (1937).

18.12.20 José Vicente Rangel, vice-resident of Venezuela 2002-07 (1929).

18.12.20 Oscar Reig, PM of Andorra 1982-84, 1990-94 (1936).

22.12.20 Muhammed Mustafa Mero, PM of Syria 2000-03 (1941).


Nobel Prizes

Chemistry: Emmanuelle Charpentier (France), Jennifer Doudna (U.S).

Economics: Paul Milgrom (U.S), Robert B. Wilson (U.S).

Literature: Louise Glueck (U.S)

Peace: United Nations World Food Program.

Physics: Roger Penrose (U.K), Reinhard Genzel (Germany), Andrea Ghez (U.S).

Physiology and Medicine: Harvey Alter (U.S), Michael Houghton (U.K), Charles M. Rice (U.S).