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Ecuador

c. 1800 BC Possible contact with Japanese civilisation

1230 - 1532 Part of Inca Empire

1532 Spainish conquest

29 Aug 1563 - 27 May 1717 Part of Viceroyalty of Peru

27 May 1717 Part of New Granada

09 Oct 1820 Independence from Spain

01 Aug 1822 - 13 May 1830 Part of Colombia

13 May 1830 Independence from Gran Colombia

22 Sep 1830 State of Ecuador

12 Feb 1832 Galapagos Island annexed

08 Aug 1835 Republic of Ecuador

29 Jan 1942 Oriente annexed by Peru

Presidents

22 Sep 1830 - 10 Sep 1834 Juan José Flores y Aramburu .......................... 1800-1864

(1st Time)

10 Sep 1834 - 31 Jan 1839 Vincent Rocafuerte y Rodríguez de Bexarno

31 Jan 1839 - 18 Jun 1845 Juan José Flores y Aramburu (2nd Time)

18 Jun - 08 Dec 1845 José Joaquín Eufrasio de Olmedo y Mururi

08 Dec 1845 - 15 Oct 1849 Vincent Ramón Roca Rodríguez

15 Oct 1849 - 10 Jun 1850 Manuel de Ascásubi y Matheu (1st Time)

10 Jun 1850 - 17 Jul 1851 Diego María de Noboa y Arteta

17 Jul 1851 - 16 Oct 1856 José María Mariano Segundo Fernández

de Urvina Viteri

16 Oct 1856 - 17 Sep 1859 Francisco Robles García

17 Sep 1859 - 31 Aug 1865 Gabrial Gregorio García Moreno (1st Time)

31 Aug - 07 Sep 1865 Rafael Caravajal Guzmán

07 Sep 1865 - 06 Nov 1867 Jerónimo Carrión y Palacio

06 Nov 1867 - 20 Jan 1868 Pedro José de Arteta y Castisto

20 Jan 1868 - 19 Jan 1869 José Manuel Francisco Javier

Espinosa y Espinosa de los Monteros

19 Jan - 16 May 1869 Gabrial Gregorio García Moreno (2nd Time)

16 May - 10 Aug 1869 Manuel de Ascásubi y Matheu (2nd Time)

10 Aug 1869 - 06 Aug 1875 Gabrial Gregorio García Moreno (3rd Time)

06 Aug - 06 Oct 1875 Francisco Javier León y Chiriboga

06 Oct - 06 Nov 1875 José Javier Eguiguren Ríofrío

06 Nov - 09 Dec 1875 Rafael Pólit Cevallos

09 Dec 1875 - 18 Dec 1876 Antonio María Vincente Narciso

Borrero y Cortázar

19 Dec 1876 - 09 Jul 1883 Mario Ignacio Francisco Tomás

09 Jul - 11 Oct 1883 José Eloy Alfredo Delgado

11 Oct - 15 Oct 1883 Ramón Antonio Borrero y Cortázar

15 Oct - 23 Nov 1883 Rafael Pérez Pareja

23 Nov 1883 - 01 Jul 1888 José María Plácido de la Trinidad

Caamano y Gómez Cornejo

01 Jul - 17 Aug 1888 Pedro José Cevallos Salvador

17 Aug 1888 - 01 Jul 1892 Antonio Flores Jijón

01 Jul 1892 - 16 Aug 1895 Luis Cordero Crespo

16 Apr - 23 Aug 1895 Vicente Lucio Salazar y Cabal

23 Aug 1895 - 01 Sep 1901 José Eloy Alfrado Delgado (1st Time)

01 Sep 1901 - 01 Sep 1905 Leonidas Plaza y Gutiérrez de Caviedas .............. 1865-1932

(1st Time)

01 Sep 1905 - 16 Jan 1906 Lizardo García Sorroza .............................. 1842-1927

16 Jan 1906 - 01 Sep 1911 José Eloy Alfrado Delgado (2nd Time)

01 Sep - 22 Dec 1911 Emilio Estrada y Carmona ............................ 1855-1911

22 Dec 1911 - 06 Mar 1912 Carlos Freile Zaldumbide ............................ 1851-1926

(acting)

06 Mar 1912 - 01 Sep 1916 Leonidas Plaza Gutiérrez (2nd Time)

01 Sep 1916 - 01 Sep 1920 Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno (1st Time) ................. 1859-1951

01 Sep 1920 - 01 Sep 1924 José Luis Tamayo Terán .............................. 1858-1947

01 Sep 1924 - 09 Jul 1925 Gonzálo Segundo Córdova y Rivera .................... 1863-1928

09 Jul - 10 Jul 1925 Luis Telmo Paz y Miño Estrella ...................... 1884-1962

(Chairman of the Supreme military Junta)

10 Jul 1925 - 10 Jan 1926 Provisional Military Junta

- Luis Enrique Napoleón Dillon Cabezas ................ 1875-1929

- Pedro Pablo Garaycoa Cabanilla ...................... 1874-1936

- Moisés Oliva Ojeda .................................. 1874-1926

- Francisco Gómez de la Torre Zaldumbide .............. 1885-1966

- José Rafael Bustamante Cevnallos .................... 1881-1961

- José Modesto Manuel Larrea Jijón .................... 1890-1957

- Francisco José Boloña Rolando ....................... 1882-1955

- Francisco Arízaga Luque ............................. 1900-1964

10 Jan - 10 Mar 1926 Humberto Albornoz Sánchez ........................... 1894-1959

10 Mar - 01 Apr 1926 Julio Enrique Moreno Peñaherrera .................... 1879-1952

01 Apr 1926 - 23 Aug 1931 Isidro Ramón Antonio Ayora Cueva .................... 1879-1978

24 Aug - 15 Oct 1931 Luis Alberto Larrea Alba ............................ 1895-1980

(acting)

15 Oct 1931 - 27 Aug 1932 Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno (2nd Time)

23 Aug - 02 Sep 1932 Carlos Eduardo Freile Larrea ........................ 1876-1950

(acting)

02 Sep - 05 Dec 1932 Alberto Guerrero Martínez ........................... 1878-1941

(acting)

05 Dec 1932 - 20 Oct 1933 Juan de Dios Martínez Mera .......................... 1875-1955

20 Oct 1933 - 01 Sep 1934 Abelardo Montalvo Alvear ............................ 1876-1950

(acting)

01 Sep 1934 - 21 Aug 1935 José María Velasco Ibarra (1st Time) ................ 1893-1979

21 Aug - 26 Oct 1935 Antonio Pons Campuzano .............................. 1897-1980

(acting)

26 Sep 1935 - 23 Oct 1937 Federico Páez Chiriboga ............................. 1876-1974

23 Oct 1937 - 10 Aug 1938 Gil Alberto Enríque Gallo ........................... 1893-1962

10 Aug - 02 Sec 1938 Manuel María José del Espírantu

Santo Borrero González ............................. 1883-1975

02 Dec 1938 - 17 Nov 1939 Aurelio Mosquera Narváez ............................ 1883-1939

17 Nov 1939 - 10 Aug 1940 Andrés Fernández de Córdova Nieto ................... 1892-1983

10 Aug 1940 - 29 May 1944 Carlos Alberto Arroyo del Río ....................... 1893-1969

29 May - 31 May 1944 Julio Teodoro Salem Gallegos ........................ 1900-1968 Mil

31 May 1944 - 23 Aug 1947 José María Velasco Ibarra (2nd Time)

23 Aug - 02 Sep 1947 Carlos Mancheno Cajas ............................... 1902-1996

02 Sep - 15 Sep 1947 Mariano Suárez Veintimillia ......................... 1897-1980

15 Sep 1947 - 01 Sep 1948 Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola ......................... 1894-1952

01 Sep 1948 - 01 Sep 1952 Galo Plaza Lasso .................................... 1906-1987

01 Sep 1952 - 01 Sep 1956 José María Velasco Ibarra (3rd Time)

01 Sep 1956 - 01 Sep 1960 Camilo Ponce Enríquez ............................... 1912-1976

01 Sep 1960 - 07 Nov 1961 José María Velasco Ibarra (4th Time)

07 Nov 1961 - 11 Jul 1963 Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy ....................... 1919-2004

11 Jul 1963 - 29 Mar 1966 Ramón Castro Jijón .................................. 1915-1984 Mil

(chairman of the military junta)

29 Mar 1966 (hours) Telmo Oswald Vargas Benalcázar ...................... 1912-2013 Mil

29 Mar - 16 Nov 1966 Clemente Yerovi Indaburu ............................ 1904-1981

16 Nov 1966 - 01 Sep 1968 Otto Arosemena Gómez ................................ 1925-1984

01 Sep 1968 - 15 Feb 1972 José María Velasco Ibarra (5th Time)

15 Feb 1972 - 11 Jan 1976 Guillermo A. Rodríguez Lara ......................... 1924- Mil

(Chairman of the Military council)

11 Jan 1976 - 10 Aug 1979 Alfredo Ernesto Poveda Burbano ...................... 1926-1990

(Chairman of the Military council)

10 Aug 1979 - 24 May 1981 Jaime Roldós Aguilera ............................... 1940-1981

24 May 1981 - 10 Aug 1984 Osvaldo Hurtado Larrea

10 Aug 1984 - 10 Aug 1988 León Esteban Febres Cordero Ribadeneyra ............. 1931-2008

10 Aug 1988 - 10 Aug 1992 Rodrigo Borja Cevallos .............................. 1935-

10 Aug 1992 - 10 Aug 1996 Sixto Alfonso Durán-Ballén Cordovez ................. 1921-2016

10 Aug 1996 - 09 Feb 1997 Abdalá Jaime Bucaram Ortiz .......................... 1952-

09 Feb - 11 Feb 1997 Rosalía Arteaga Serrano de Fernández de Córdova ..... 1956-

11 Feb 1997 - 10 Aug 1998 Fabián Ernesto Alarcón Rivera ....................... 1947-

10 Aug 1998 - 21 Jan 2000 Jorge Jamil Mahuad Witt ............................. 1949-

21 Jan - 22 Jan 2000 Council of State

- Carlos Antonio Byron Mendoza Poveda

- Carlos Antonio Vargas Guatatoca ..................... 1958-

- Carlos Solórzano Constantine ........................ 1939-

22 Jan 2000 - 15 Jan 2003 Gustavo Noboa Benjarano ............................. 1937-

15 Jan 2003 - 20 Apr 2005 Lucio Edwin Gutiérrez Borgúa ........................ 1957

20 Apr 2005 - 15 Jan 2007 Luis Alfredo Palacio González ....................... 1939-

15 Jan 2007 - 24 May 2017 Rafael Vincente Correa Delgado ...................... 1963-

24 May 2017 - Lenín Boltaire Moreno Garcés ........................ 1953-

 

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Galápagos Islands

04 May 1494               Spanish possession

12 Feb 1832               Annexed by Ecuador

31 Aug 1934               Islands declared a national preserve

04 Jul 1959               Islands become a national park

17 Dec 1957 - 1959        Province of Ecuador

17 Feb 1973               Province of Ecuador

08 Sep 1978               Declared a UNESCO world heritage site

 

Governors

18 Feb 1973 - 1981        ....

1981 - 1983               Frederico Herrera Villacis

1983 - 1985               Walter Freire

1987                      Galo Salomón Herrera Estrella

                          (1st time)

1994                      Ramón Apolo Herrera

1992                      Iván Naula Torres

1994 - 1995               Pedro Anibal Zapata Rumipamba

1999 - 2003               Fabián Parra Criollo

2003 - 2005               Alexandra Cedeño Martinez

05 May 2005 -    Dec 2005 Grace Elizabeth Unda Romero

   Dec 2005 - 2007        Edgar Eduardo Sanchez Paredes

18 Jan      - 2007        Galo Salomón Herrera Estrella (2nd time)

09 Aug 2007 – 18 Sep 2008 Jorge Eliécer Cruz Bedón (1st Time)

18 Sep 2008 – 19 Apr 2015 Jorge Alfredo Torres Pallo

19 Apr 2015 - Jorge Eliécer Cruz Bedón (2nd Time)

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