. Home .

Tanzania

17 Feb 1885 Area acquired by the Deutsche Ostafrikanische Gesellschaft

(German East Africa Company)

27 May 1885 German Protectorate

28 Apr 1888 Coastal strip leased from the Sultan of Zanzibar

01 Jan 1891 - 1919 Deutsch Ostafrika German East Africa Colony

09 Dec 1916 British Occupation (complete 14 Nov 1918)

20 Jul 1922 - 11 Dec 1946 Tanganyika under League of Nations Mandate under Britain

11 Dec 1946 - 09 Dec 1961 Tanganyika a United Nations trust terrirory

under Britain

09 Dec 1961 Independence as Tanganyika

09 Dec 1962 Republic of Tanganyika

12 Jan 1964       Annexation of Zanzibar

26 Apr 1964       United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar

11 Dec 1964 -      United Republic of Tanzania

 

Governor-General

09 Dec 1961 - 09 Dec 1962 Sir Richard Gordon Turnbull ......... 1909-1998

Presidents

09 Dec 1962 - 05 Nov 1985 Julius Kambarage Nyerere ............ 1922-1999

05 Nov 1985 - 23 Nov 1995 Ali Hasan Mwinyi .................... 1925-

23 Nov 1995 - 21 Dec 2005 Benjamin William Mkapa .............. 1938-

21 Dec 2005 - 05 Nov 2015 Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete ............... 1950-

05 Nov 2015 - John Pompe Magufuli ................. 1959-

 

 

Prime Ministers

02 Sep 1960 - 22 Jan 1962 Julius Kambarage Nyerere ............ s.a

22 Jan      - 09 Dec 1962 Rashidi Mfaume Kawawa ............... 1926-2009

09 Dec 1962 - 17 Feb 1972 Post Abolished

17 Feb 1972 - 13 Feb 1977 Rashidi Mfaume Kawawa (2nd Time)

13 Feb 1977 - 07 Nov 1980 Edward Moringe Sokoine .............. 1938-1984

07 Nov 1980 - 24 Feb 1983 Cleopa David Msuya (1st Time) ....... 1931-

24 Feb 1983 - 12 Apr 1984 Edward Moringe Sokoine (2nd Time)

12 Apr 1984 - 05 Nov 1985 Salim Ahmed Salim ................... 1942-

05 Nov 1985 - 09 Nov 1990 Joseph Sinde Warioba ................ 1940-

09 Nov 1990 - 07 Dec 1994 John Samuel Malecela ................ 1934-

07 Dec 1994 - 28 Nov 1995 Cleopa David Msuya (2nd Time)

28 Nov 1995 - 30 Dec 2005 Frederick Tluway Sumaye ............. 1950-

30 Dec 2005 - 09 Feb 2008 Edward Ngoyai Lowassa ............... 1953-

09 Feb 2008 - 20 Nov 2015 Mizengo Kayanza Peter Pinda ......... 1948-

20 Nov 2015 - Majaliwa Kassim Majaliwa ............ 1960-

 

__________________________________________________________________________

Zanzibar

1963-1964                 1964           2005-

 

Arab conquest

1503 - 1698 Annexed by Portugal

1698 - 1754 To Oman

1754 - 1861 In union with Oman

02 Apr 1861 Sultanate of Zanzibar seperated from Oman

17 Feb 1885 - 07 Jan 1890 German protecorate

07 Jan 1890 - 10 Dec 1963 British protectorate

10 Dec 1963 - 12 Jan 1964 Sultanate of Zanzibar

12 Jan 1964       People's Republic of Zanzibar

26 Apr 1964       Annexed by Tanzania

 

Sultans

1754-1783 Albusaid, Sayyid Ahmad ibn Sa`id

1783-1786 Albusaid, Sayyid Sa`id ibn Ahmad

1786-1792 Albusaid, Sayyid Hamid ibn Sa`id

1792-1806 Albusaid, Sayyid Sultan ibn Ahmad

14 Sep 1806 - 1821 Albusaid, Sayyid Salim ibn Sultan

1821 - 19 Oct 1856 Albusaid, Sayyid Sa`id ibn Sultan ... 1791-1856

19 Oct 1856 - 07 Oct 1870 Albusaid, Sayyid Majid ibn Sa`id .... 1834-1870

07 Oct 1870 - 26 Mar 1888 Albusaid, Sayyid Barghash

ibn Sa`id .......................... 1837-1888

26 Mar 1888 - 13 Feb 1890 Albusaid, Sayyid Khalifa I

ibn Barghash ....................... 1852-1890

13 Feb 1890 - 05 Mar 1893 Albusaid, Sayyid `Ali ibn Sa`id ..... 1854-1893

05 Mar 1893 - 25 Aug 1896 Albusaid, Sayyid Hamid

ibn Thuwayni ....................... 1857-1896

25 Aug - 27 Aug 1896 Albusaid, Sayyid Khalid

ibn Barghash ....................... 1874-1927

27 Aug 1896 - 18 Jul 1902 Albusaid, Sayyid Hammud

ibn Mohammad ....................... 1853-1902

18 Jul 1902 - 08 Dec 1911 Albusaid, Sayyid `Ali ibn Hammud

09 Dec 1911 - 09 Oct 1960 Albusaid, Sayyid Khalifa II

ibn Kharub ......................... 1879-1960

09 Oct 1960 - 01 Jul 1963 Albusaid, Sayyid `Abd Allah

ibn Khalifa ........................ 1910-1963

01 Jul 1963 - 12 Jan 1964 Albusaid, Sayyid Jamshid

ibn`Abd Allah ...................... 1929-

Leader of the Revolutionary Government

12 Jan      -    Feb 1964 John G. Okello ...................... 1937-1971

Presidents

12 Jan 1964 - 07 Apr 1972 Abeid Amami Karume .................. 1905-1971

07 Apr 1972 - 30 Jan 1984 Mwinyi Aboud Jumbe .................. 1920-2016

30 Jan 1984 - 24 Oct 1985 Ali Hassan Mwinyi ................... 1925-

24 Oct 1985 - 25 Oct 1990 Idris Abdul Wakil ................... 1925-2000

25 Oct 1990 - 08 Nov 2000 Salmin Amour ........................ 1948-

08 Nov 2000 - 03 Nov 2010 Amani Abeid Karume .................. 1948-

03 Nov 2010 -             Ali Mohammad Shein .................. 1948-

 

 

Chief Ministers

1828 - 1832 Nasser ibn Hamid bin Sa`id bin Hamad

bin Khalaf al-Busa`idi

1832 - 1870 Sulayman ibn Hamad al-Busa`idi ...... 1785-1873

1870 - 1875 Hamid bin Sulayman al-Busa`idi

   Oct 1891 - 11 Oct 1901 Sir Lloyd Williams Matthews ......... 1850-1901

03 Nov 1901 -        1906 Alexander Stuart Rogers ............. s.a

       1906 -        1908 Arthur Edward Harington Raikes ...... 1867-1915

       1908 - 30 Jun 1913 Francis Richman Barton .............. 1865-1947

01 Jul 1913 - 23 Feb 1961 The British Residents

23 Feb      - 05 Jun 1961 Geoffrey Charles Lawrence ........... 1913-2008

(acting)

05 Jun 1961 - 12 Jan 1964 Sheikh Mohammad Shamte Hamadi ....... 1907-1964

12 Jan      - 27 Apr 1964 Abdullah Kassim Hanga ............... 1932-1969

21 Feb 1983 - 06 Feb 1984 Ramadhani Haji Faki ................. 1943-

06 Feb 1984 - 22 Jan 1988 Seif Shariff Hamad .................. 1943-

25 Jan 1988 - 01 Nov 1995 Omar Ali Juma ....................... 1941-2001

01 Nov 1995 - 15 Nov 2000 Mohammad Gharib Bilal ............... 1945-

15 Nov 2000 - 09 Nov 2010 Shamsi Vuai Nahodha ................. 1962-

_________________________________________________________________________

 

 

©2009

©2006