Novara

1310 - 1734 Intermittantly to Milan, Spain and France

1734 - 1798 To Piedmont-Sardinia

1798 - 1799 French occupation

1799 - 1800 Hapsburg occupation

1800 - 1814 Annexed by France

1814        To Piedmont-Sardinia


Lords

Aupaldus

1000 Riprando

1302-1310 Brusati, Gugliermo Otto

1332 - 1354 Giovanni Visconti

1354 - 1356 Visconti, Galaezzo (1st Time)

1356 - 1358 Paleologos, Giovanni II

1358 - 1378 Visconti, Galaezzo (2nd Time)

1403 - 1412 Cane, Facino

1538 - 1547 Farnese, Piero Luigi

1551 - 1556 del Monte, Giovanni Battista

__________________________________________________________________________


Novellara e Bognolo

17 May 1371               Lordship of Novellara

07 Jul 1501               County of Novellara and Bognolo

12 Oct 1737               Annexed by Modena



Lords

17 May 1371 - 28 Dec 1374 Gonzaga, Feltrino ......................... 1530-1574

28 Dec 1374 - 02 Feb 1399 Gonzaga, Guido II

02 Feb 1399 - 1441        Gonzaga, Giacomo

       1441 - 08 Feb 1484 Gonzaga, Francesco I ...................... 1420-1484

08 Feb 1484 - 07 Jul 1501 Gonzaga, Giampietro ....................... 1469-1515

Count

07 Jul 1501 - 15 Nov 1515 Gonzaga, Giampetro ........................ s.a

15 Nov 1515 - 28 Feb 1530 Gonzaga, Alessandro I ..................... 1496-1530

28 Feb 1530 - 1577        Gonzaga, Francesco II ..................... 1519-1577

       1540 - 01 Oct 1589 Gonzaga, Alfonso I ........................ 1529-1589

                         (co-ruler)

       1577 - 24 Apr 1595 Gonzaga, Camillo I ........................ 1521-1595

24 Apr 1595 - 1640        Gonzaga, Camillo II (1st Time) ............ 1581-1650

       1640 - 17 Sep 1644 Gonzaga, Alessandro II .................... 15..-1644

17 Sep 1644 - 08 Nov 1650 Gonzaga, Camillo II (2nd Time)

08 Nov 1650 - 25 Jul 1678 Gonzaga, Alfonso II ....................... 1616-1678

25 Jul 1678 - 16 Aug 1727 Gonzaga, Camillo III ...................... 1649-1727

16 Aug 1727 - 13 Dec 1728 Gonzaga, Filippo Alfonso .................. 1700-1728

16 Aug 1727 - 12 Oct 1737 Gonzaga, Ricciarda ........................ 1698-1768

                          (regent to 13 Dec 1728)

_______________________________________________________________________________


Padova (Padua)

827         Bishopric of Padua part of the Carolingian empire

1138 - 1318 Communal republic

1318        Lordship of Padua

1388 - 1390 To Milan

1405 - 1797 To the Venetian Republic

1797 - 1805 To France

1805 - 1814 To Italy

1814 - 1866 To the Austrian Empire

1866        Part of Italy


Lords

1237 - 1238               da Romano, Ezzolino

25 Jul 1318 - 22 Nov 1324 Carrara, Giacomo I

22 Nov 1324 - 22 Mar 1338 Carrara, Marsilio I

22 Mar 1338 - 27 Mar 1345 Carrara, Ubertino

27 Mar      - 06 May 1345 Carrara, Marsilio II

06 May 1345 - 19 Dec 1350 Carrara, Giacomo II

19 Dec 1350 - 1355        Carrara, Jacopino

22 Dec 1350 - 29 Jun 1388 Carrara, Francesco I

29 Jun 1388 - 11 Feb 1389 Carrara, Francesco II (1st Time) 1359-1406

08 Sep 1390 - 22 Nov 1405 Carrara, Francesco II (2nd Time)

_______________________________________________________________________________



Pavia

1110        Republic of Pavia

1255        County of Pavia

1257        Republic

1260        County of Pavia (restored)

1265        Republic of Pavia (re-restored)

1300        County of Pavia (re-restored)

1315        To Milan

1327        To the Holy Roman Empire

1359        To Milan thereafter


Counts

1255 - 1257 Pellavicino, Frederico Oberto (1st Time)

1260 - 1265 Pellavicino, Frederico Oberto (2nd Time)

Sindici

1265 - 1287 ....

1287 - 1289 Manfredo Beccaria (1st Time)

1289 - 1290 Gugliemo di Monferrato

1290 - 1300 Manfredo Beccaria (2nd Time)

Counts

1302 - 1311 Langosco, Filippone

1311 - 1312 Savoia, Filippo

1312  -1315 Anjou, Roberto

1331 - 1332 Luxembourg, Giovanni di Boemia

1332 - 1343 Beccaria, Musso

1343 - 1357 Beccaria, Castellino

1535 - 1536 de Leyva, Antonio

______________________________________________________________________________


Perugia


1000 - 1130 Perugia a Free Commune

1130 - 1392 Republic

1392        Lordship of Perugia

1540        To the Papal State

1798        Tiberina Republic

1798 - 1799 Occupied by the Roman Republic

1800 - 1808 Restored to the Papal State

1808 - 1814 To the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy

1814 - 1815 Occupied by Naples

1815 - 1860 Restored to the Papacy

1860        Part of Italy thereafter


Lords

1393 Pandolfo Baglione

1393 - 1398 Biordo dei Michelotti

1398 - 1400 Ceccolino dei Michelotti

1416 - 1424 Andrea Fortebracci

1440 - 1445 Niccolo Piccinino

1479        Braccio Baglioni

1488 - 1500 Guido Baglioni

1500 - 1502 Giovanni Paolo Baglioni (1st Time)

1502 - 1502 Carlo Barciglia

1503 - 1506 Giovanni Paolo Baglioni (2nd Time)

1513 - 1520 Giovanni Paolo Baglioni (3rd Time)

1520 - 1522 Gentile Baglioni

1522        Orazio Baglioni

1522 - 1529 Malatesta Baglioni

1531 - 1535 Ridolfo Baglioni (1st Time)

1540        Ridolfo Baglioni (2nd Time)

Consol of the Tiberina Republic

04 Feb      - 07 Mar 1798 Angelo Cocchi

______________________________________________________________________________


Pesaro

1106 - 1242               Pesaro a free commune interupted

                           by periods of Papal rule

1242                      Imperial rule

1250                      Papal rule

1304                      Lordship of Pesaro under Rimini (periods of Papal rule)

18 Jan 1445               Sold to the Sforza family

28 Oct 1500 - 03 Sep 1503 Papal rule

02 Nov 1512               Occupied by Urbino

01 Jan 1514               Annexed by Urbino

01 Jan 1625               Annexed by the Papal States


Lords

1294 - 1304               Malatesta, Giovanni ....................... 1244-1304

1304 - 1306               Malatesta, Pandolfo I di Malatestis ....... 1267-1326

                          (1st Time)

1320 - 1326               Malatesta, Pandolfo I di Malatestis (2nd Time)

1326 - 1330               Malatesta, Malatesta III (1st Time)

       1330 - 03 Jun 1334 Bertrando Cardinale del Poggetto .......... 1280-1352

                          (Papal Legate)

1333 - 1340               Malatesta, Malatesta I (2nd Time)

25 May 1343 - 1373        Malatesta, Pandolfo II de Malatestis ...... 1325-1373

       1373 - 19 Dec 1429 Malatesta, Malatesta IV de Malatatestis ... 1366-1429

   Jan 1373 - 21 Jan 1385 Malatesta, Galeotto di Pandolfo de Malatesta

                          (regent)

19 Dec 1429 - 02 Jun 1431 Malatesta, Galeazzo de Malatestis ......... 1385-1457

                          (1st Time)

19 Dec 1429 - 02 Jun 1431 Malatesta, Pandolfo III de Malatesta ...... 1390-1441

                          (co-rule)

19 Dec 1429 - 02 Jun 1431 Malatesta, Carlo de Malatestis (1st Time) . 139.-1438

24 Sep 1433 - 18 Jan 1445 Malatesta, Galeazzo de Malatestis (2nd Time)

24 Sep 1433 - 21 Apr 1441 Malatesta, Pandolfo III de Malatesta (2nd Time)

                          (co-ruler)

24 Sep 1433 - 14 Nov 1438 Malatesta, Carlo de Malatestis (2nd Time)

Lords and Counts

18 Jan 1445 - 03 Apr 1473 Sforza, Alessandro di Muzio ............... 1409-1473

03 Apr 1473 - 19 Jul 1483 Sforza, Constanzo I di Alessandro ......... 1447-1483

19 Jul 1483 - 28 Oct 1500 Sforza, Giovanni di Constanzo (1st Time) .. 1466-1510

28 Oct 1500 - 03 Sep 1503 Borgia, Cesare, duca di Valentino ......... 1475-1507

03 Sep 1503 - 27 Jul 1510 Sforza, Giovanni di Constanzo (2nd Time)

27 Jul 1510 - 05 Aug 1512 Sforza, Giuseppe Maria di Giovanni ........ 1505-1512

                          (Constanzo II di Sforza)

27 Jul 1510 - 02 Nov 1512 Sforza, Galeazzo di Constanzo ............. 1466-1515

                          (regent to 05 Aug 1512)

________________________________________________________________________________


Piacenza


1253 – 1257 Oberto Pellavicino (1st Time)

1257 – 1261 Alberto Fontana

1261 – 1266 Oberto Pellavicino (1st Time)

1290 – 1304 Alberto Scoto

1307 – 1308 Alberto Scoto

1308 – 1309 Guido della Torre

18 Mar 1312 – 10 Sep 1313 Alberto Scoto

25 Jul 1335 – 13 Dec 1336 Francesco di Alberto Scoto

1404 – 1406                         Ottobono Terzi

1410 – 1414                         Giovanni Vignati

21 Oct 1415 – 13 Jun 1418 Filippo di Giovanni Arcelli

________________________________________________________________________________


Piombino

18 Feb 1399               Lordship of Piombino

1404 - 1463               Under suzerainty of Florence

1463 - 1799               Under suzerainty of Naples

03 Sep 1501 - 1503        Papal rule

08 Nov 1509               Fiefdom of the Holy Roman Empire

24 Jul 1548 - 12 Aug 1552 Occupied by Spain

07 Feb 1594               Principality of Piombino

20 Feb 1603 - 31 Oct 1611 Spanish occupation

10 Apr 1628 - 20 May 1634 Spanish occupation

08 Oct 1646 - 18 Jul 1650 French occupation

03 Oct 1735               Under suzerainty of Naples

07 Sep 1796 - 15 Apr 1797 British occupation

27 Mar      - 09 Jul 1799 French occupation

24 Sep 1803               Annexed by France

18 Mar 1805               Principality of Piombino

12 May 1814 -    Apr 1815 Austian occupation

   Apr 1815               Annexed by Tuscany


Lords

.... - ....               d'Appiani Jacopo I

18 Feb 1399 - 1405        Gherardo Leonardo d'Appiani

   May 1405 - 27 Dec 1441 d'Appiani, Jacopo II

   May 1405 - 30 Nov 1445 Paola Colonna

                          (regent)

30 Nov 1445 - 19 Feb 1451 d'Appiani, Caterina Orosini

30 Nov 1445 - 13 Jul 1450 Rinaldo Orsini

19 Feb 1451 - 15 Feb 1457 d'Appiani, Emanuele

15 Feb 1457 - 22 Mar 1474 d'Appiani, Jacopo III

22 Mar 1474 - 03 Sep 1501 d'Appiani, Jacopo IV (1st Time)

16 Aug      - 03 Sep 1501 d'Appiani, Gherardo, conti di Montagnano

03 Sep 1501 - 1503        Cesare Borgia, duca di Valentino

                          (regent)

   Sep 1503 - 10 Apr 1510 d'Appiani, Jacopo IV (2nd Time)

10 Apr 1510 - 20 Oct 1545 d'Appiani, Jacopo V

20 Oct 1545 - 22 Jun 1548 d'Appiano, Jacopo VI (1st Time)

20 Oct 1545 - 22 Jun 1548 Elena Salviati

                          (regent)

22 Jun      - 24 Jul 1548 Girolamo di Luca degli Albizzi

                          (Florintine governor)

01 Aug 1559 - 15 May 1585 Aragona-Appiano, Jacopo VI (2nd Time)

15 May 1585 - 28 Sep 1590 Aragona-Appiano, Alessandro I

                          (regent 1576-85)

28 Sep 1590 - 07 Feb 1594 Aragona-Appiano, Jacapo VII

28 Sep 1590 - 07 Feb 1594 Isabella Mendoza

                          (regent)

Princes

07 Feb 1594 - 20 Feb 1603 Aragona-Appiano, Jacopo VII

31 Oct 1611 - 10 Apr 1628 Appiani, Isabella I

20 May 1634 - 25 Dec 1664 Niccolò I Ludovisi

10 Feb 1658 - 25 Dec 1664 Costanza Pamphili

25 Dec 1664 - 24 Aug 1669 Giovanni Battista Ludovisi

24 Aug 1669 - 01 Jan 1700 Niccolò II Ludovisi

24 Aug 1669 - 01 Jan 1700 Anna Maria Ardiuna

01 Jan      - 27 Nov 1700 Olimpia Ludovisi

27 Nov 1700 - 29 Dec 1733 Boncompagni, Olimpia Ippolita Ludovisi

27 Nov 1700 - 01 Feb 1707 Boncompagni, Gregorio

                          (co-ruler)

29 Dec 1733 - 05 Jan 1745 Maria Eleonora Boncompagni

05 Jan 1745 - 24 May 1777 Boncompagni, Gaetano I

24 May 1777 - 24 Sep 1803 Boncompagni, Antonio I

Administrators-general

24 Sep 1803 - 09 Sep 1804 Joseph, viscomte de Cambis

09 Sep 1804 - 31 May 1805 Jean-François Carteaux

                          (Commandant of State)

Princess

18 Mar 1805 - 18 Mar 1814 Bonaparte, Maria Anna Elisa

Prince

18 Mar 1814 - 09 Jun 1815 Boncompagni, Luigi I


Governor-general of the Palace

18 May 1806 - 1810        Adolphe Beauvais

Governor-general

12 May 1814 - 01 May 1815 Anton von Starhemberg

___________________________________________________________________________________


Pisa

07 Apr 944 Republic of Pisa

30 Aug 1405 Sold to Florence by Milan

1406        Ceded to Florence

09 Nov 1494 Republic of Pisa (restored)

08 Jun 1509 Annexed by Florence


 

Consuls

12..-1285 ....

1285-1286 Ugolino della Gherardesca

1286-1288 Nino Ugolino Visconti

1288-1289 Ruggieri Ubaldini

1289-1290 Guido da Montefeltro

1290-1313 ....

Captains of the People

1313 - 1316               Uguccione della Faggiola ......... 1250-1319

1316 - 1324               Gherardo della Gherardesca

1324 - 1327               Rinieri I della Gherardesca

Lords

1328                      Castruccio Castracane della Antelminelli

1329 - 1341               Bonifazio della Gherardesca

1341 - 1347               Rinieri II della Gherardesca


1347 - 1354               Andrea Gambacorta

1354 - 1355               Francesco Gambacorta

1354 - 1355               Bartolome Gambacorta

1354 - 1355               Lotto Gambacorta

Duke

1364 - 1368               Giovanni dell'Angello

Captains of the People

1368 - 1392               Pietro Gambacorti

23 Oct 1392 - 10 Sep 1398 Jacopo d'Appiano

05 Jan 1398 - 18 Feb 1399 Gherardo d'Appiano

Lords

03 Sep 1402 - 26 Jul 1405 Gabriele Maria Visconti

   Oct 1405 - 09 Oct 1406 Giovanni Gambacorta

________________________________________________________________________________


Polesine


970 Lordship of Polesine held by the Marquis of Este

1395 To Venice


Lords

970 - 1029                Este, Azzo I

       1029 - 20 Aug 1097 Este, Azzo II

20 Aug 1097 - 1128        Este, Folco

       1128 - 25 Dec 1193 Este, Obizzo

25 Dec 1193 -    Nov 1212 Este, Azzo III di Ferrara

   Nov 1212 - 10 Oct 1215 Este, Aldobrandino I di Ferrara

10 Oct 1215 - 1222        Este, Azzo IV di Ferrara

       1222 - 20 Jan 1293 Este, Obizzo II di Ferrara

20 Jan 1293 - 31 Jan 1308 Este, Azzo V

31 Jan 1308 - 26 Jul 1326 Este, Aldobrandino II di Ferrara

26 Jul 1326 - 31 Dec 1335 Este, Rinaldo

31 Dec 1335 - 20 Mar 1352 Este, Obizzo III di Modena

20 Mar 1352 - 03 Nov 1361 Este, Albobrandino III di Ferrara

03 Nov 1361 - 26 Mar 1388 Este, Niccolo II di Ferrara

26 Mar 1388 - 30 Jul 1393 Este, Alberto V de Ferrara

30 Jul 1393 - 1395        Este, Niccolo III di Ferrara

_________________________________________________________________________________


Pontecorvo

1463                      Pontecorvo part of the Papal State

1806 - 1814               French occupation

05 Jun 1806               Principality of Pontecorvo

21 Aug 1810 - 05 Dec 1812 Annexed by France

05 Dec 1806               Principality restored

05 Jul 1815               Restored to the Papal State

04 Aug 1820 - 16 Mar 1821 Republic of Pontecorvo (anti-Papal rebellion)

02 Sep 1860               Declared part of Piedmont-Sardinia

17 Sep 1860               Papal rule restored

   Sep      - 08 Dec 1860 Sicilian occupation

08 Dec 1860               Occupied by Sardinia

17 Mar 1861               Part of Italy


Princes

05 Jun 1806 - 21 Aug 1810 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ...................... 1763-1844

                          (later Carl XIV of Sweden)

05 Dec 1812 - 25 May 1815 Napoléon Lucien Charles Murat ................. 1803-1878

___________________________________________________________________________________


Reggio

890                       County-Bishopric of Reggio

1135                      Reggio a Free Commune

1333                      Lordship of Reggio

11 Jul 1335               To Mantua

22 May 1371               To Milan

26 May 1404               To Parma

27 Jun 1409               To Ferrara

18 May 1452               Part of the Duchies of Modena and Reggio

29 Feb 1523 - 22 Mar 1530 Restored to Ferrara

17 May 1742 - 10 Feb 1749 Occupied by Piedmont-Sardinia

26 Aug 1796               Republic of ReggiO

06 Oct 1796               French occupation

09 Jul 1797               Part of he Cisalpine Republic

04 May      - 12 Jun 1799 Habsburg occupation

12 Jun      - 20 Jun 1799 French occupation

20 Jun 1799 - 09 Jul 1800 Habsburg occupation

14 Apr 1800               "Prince of Reggio" a French courtesy title

09 Feb 1814               Duchies of Modena and Reggio restored

18 Feb 1831               Provisional government

22 Mar      - 04 Apr 1848 Provisional government

26 Jun      - 10 Aug 1848 Occupied by Piedmont Sardinia

10 Aug 1848 - 11 Jun 1859 Austrian occupation

20 Aug 1859               Annexed by Piedmont-Sardinia


Count-Bishops

890 - 899                 Azzo II

900 - 915                 Pietro

920 - 923                 Fredulf

930                       Girard

942 - 944                 Eribert

945 - 952                 Adelard

962 - 969                 Ermenald

Dukes

1333 - 1335               Niccolo Fogliani

20 Jul      - 31 Jul 1335 della Scala, Mastino II

1404 - 1409               Terzi, Ottobono

1409                      Terzi, Giacomo

18 May 1452 - 30 Jan 1598 The Dukes of Ferrara

30 Jan 1598 - 06 Oct 1796 The Dukes of Modena

26 Aug      -    Sep 1796 Giuseppe Sforza

                          (President of the Senate of Reggio)

14 Apr 1810 - 09 Feb 1814 Nicolas-Charles Oudinot

09 Feb 1814 - 29 Jun 1859 The Dukes of Modena


President of the Provisional Government

07 Feb      - 18 Feb 1831 Jacopo, conte Lamberti

____________________________________________________________________________________________________


Rimini

13 Dec 1295               Lordship of Rimini

10 Oct 1500 - 06 Sep 1503 Papal rule

16 Dec 1503 - 1509        Venetian occupation

1509 - 1522               Papal rule

1523 - 1527               To Urbino

17 Jun 1528               Annexed to the Papal States


Lords

18 Mar 1216 -    Nov 1248 Malatesta I

                          (Podesta)

13 Dec 1295 - 1312        Malatesta II "da Vecchio" .............. 1212-1312

       1312 - 14 Oct 1317 Malatesta, Malatestino I

14 Oct 1317 - 1326        Malatesta, Pandolfo I .................. 1267-1326

1326 - 1335               Malatesta, Ferrantino .................. 1258-1353

   May 1335 -    Oct 1363 Malatesta, Malatesta III ............... 1299-1364

   Oct 1363 - 17 Jul 1372 Malatesta, Malatesta IV "l'Ungaro" ..... 1327-1372

17 Jul 1372 - 21 Jan 1385 Malatesta, Galeotto I .................. 1300-1385

21 Jan 1385 - 14 Sep 1429 Malatesta, Carlo I ..................... 1368-1429

14 Sep 1429 - 10 Oct 1432 Malatesta, Galeotto II Roberto ......... 1412-1432

10 Oct 1432 - 09 Oct 1468 Malatesta, Sigismundo Pandolfo ......... 1417-1468

09 Oct 1468 - 10 Sep 1482 Malatesta, Roberto ..................... 1441-1482

10 Sep 1482 - 10 Oct 1500 Malatesta, Pandolfo IV (1st Time) ...... 1475-1534

10 Oct 1500 - 06 Sep 1503 Cesare Borgia, duca di Valentino ....... 1475-1507

06 Sep      - 17 Dec 1503 Malatesta, Pandolfo IV

                          (2nd Time)

24 May 1522 -    Mar 1523 Malatesta, Pandolfo IV

                          (3rd Time)

14 Jun 1527 - 17 Jun 1528 Malatesta, Pandolfo IV

                          (4th Time)

____________________________________________________________________________


Romagna

15 May 1501               Duchy of Romagna created for Cesar Borgia, illigitamate

                          son of Pope Alexander VI

   Oct 1503               Confinscated by the Vatican


Duke

15 May 1501 -    Oct 1503 Borgia, Cesare ......................... 1475-1507

12 Mar 1507 - 1553        Borgia, Luisa, Duchess of Valentois

____________________________________________________________________________


Sabbioneta

03 Feb 1479               County of Rodigo

05 May 1565               Marquisate of Sabbioneta

23 Jul 1574               Principality of Sabbioneta

18 Nov 1577               Duchy of Sabbioneta

1629                      Sold to Spain

1702                      Annexed by Mantua

1707                      Ceded to Guastalla

1747                      Annexed by Milan


Counts

03 Feb 1479 - 28 Aug 1496 Gonzaga, Gianfrancesco I

28 Aug 1496 -    Jun 1540 Gonzaga, Ludovico

   Jun 1540 - 26 Fen 1591 Gonzaga, Vespasiano

                          (Marquise from 1565, Prince from 1574 and Duke from 1577)

Dukes

26 Feb 1591 - 10 Feb 1637 Gonzaga, Isabella

                          (Duchess)

10 Feb 1637 - 1644        Anna Carafa della Stadera

       1644 - 07 Jan 1689 Nicola Maria de Guzmàn Carafa

1672 - 1703               Gonzaga, Gianfrancesco II

__________________________________________________________________________________


Salerno


571 Part of Benevento

840 Principality of Salerno

1077 Part of Sicily

1282 Part of the Kingdom of Naples


Princes

840 - 851 Sicondolfo

851 - 853 Sicone II

853       Pietro

853 - 861 Ademaro

861       Dauferio

861 - 880 Guaiferio

880 - 900 Guaimario I

900 - 946 Guaimario II

946 - 978 Gisulfo I

978 - 981 Pandolfo I Testaferrato

981       Pandolfo II

981 - 983 Mansone

981 - 983 Giovanni I

983 - 994 Giovanni II

994 - 1027 Guaimario III

1027 - 1052 Guaimario IV

1052        Pandolfo III

1052 - 1077 Gisulfo II

__________________________________________________________________________________


Saluzzo

22 Dec 1142               Margraviate of Saluzzo

11 Nov 1375               Holy Roman Empire cedes Saluzzo to Piedmont

09 May 1376               Transfere to Piedmont voided

07 Apr 1487 - 20 Aug 1490 Occupied by Piedmonte

29 Jun 1543 - 24 Mar 1544 Spanish intervention

23 Feb 1548               Occupied by France

29 Jul 1548               Annexed by France

28 Sep 1588               Annexed by Savoy

17 Jan 1601               Formally ceded to Savoy by France


Margraves

22 Dec 1142 - 1175        del Vasto, Manfredo I

       1175 - 02 Feb 1215 del Vasto, Manfredo II

02 Feb 1215 - 29 Oct 1244 del Vasto, Manfredo III

29 Oct 1244 - 03 Dec 1296 del Vasto, Tommaso I

29 Oct 1244 - 1247        Savoia, Beatrice di Savoia

                          (regent)

       1247 - 12 Jun 1253 Bonifacio II di Montferrato

                          (regent)

1253 - 1254               Tommaso II di Savoia

                          (regent)

03 Dec 1296 - 29 Dec 1334 del Vasto, Manfredo IV

29 Dec 1334 - 29 Jun 1336 del Vasto, Federico I

29 Jun 1336 - 15 Aug 1357 del Vasto, Tommaso II

                          (prisoner 1441-44)

   Apr 1341 - 27 Mar 1344 Manfredo V

                          (pretender)

15 Aug 1357 - 1396        del Vasto, Federico II

1396 - 1416               del Vasto, Tommaso III

   Oct 1416 - 08 Apr 1475 del Vasto, Lodovico I

   Oct 1416 - 142.        Marguerite de Roucy

                          (regent)

08 Apr 1475 - 27 Jan 1504 del Vasto, Lodovico II

27 Jan 1504 - 18 Oct 1528 del Vasto, Michele Antonio

27 Jan 1504 - 18 Oct 1528 Marguerite de Foix

                          (regent)

18 Oct 1528 - 29 Jun 1529 del Vasto, Giovanni Lodovico (1st Time)

29 Jun 1529 - 28 Mar 1538 del Vasto, Francesco Lodovico

03 Nov 1537 - 29 Jun 1543 del Vasto, Gabriele Lodovico (1st Time)

29 Jun 1543 - 24 Mar 1544 del Vasto, Giovanni Lodovico (2nd Time)

24 Mar 1544 - 29 Jul 1548 del Vasto, Gabriele Lodovico (2nd Time)

29 Jul 1548 - 28 Sep 1588 The Kings of France

__________________________________________________________________________________


San Severino


1370 Lordship of San Severino

1474 To the Papal States


Lords

1370 - 1372 Smeduccio I

1372 - 1375 Niccolo

1376 - 1386 Bartholome (1st Time)

1386        Onofrio (1st Time)

1386 - 1388 Bartolome

            (2nd Time)

1388 - 1413 Onofrio (2nd Time)

1413 - 1425 Antonio

1434 - 1474 Smeduccio II

___________________________________________________________________________________


Savona


Lordship of Savona

1195 - 1215 Communal republic

1215        Dependency of Genoa

1238 - 1332 Communal republic

1335 - 1350 Communual republic

1350        Dependency of Genoa

1397 - 1409 Part of France

1409 - 1413 To Montferrat

1413 - 1424 To Genoa

1458        To France

1512 - 1513 Republic

1525 - 1527 Republic

1528 - 1798 Republic

1798 - 1814 To France

1814        To Piedmont-Sardinia


Lords

981 - 991 Aleramici, Alermo

991 - 1010 Aleramici, Anselm I

1010 - 1027 Aleramici, Anselm II

1027 - 1084 Aleramici, Ottone

1084 - 1125 Aleramici, Bonifacio

1125 - 1182 del Carretto, Enrico I

1182 - 1191 del Carretto, Enrico II

1394 - 1397 Valois, Louis, duc de Orléans, seigneur de Asti

___________________________________________________________________________________


Seborga

954                       Founding of the Cistercian abby of Lerino

1079                      Principality of Seborga

20 Jan 1729               Annexed by Piedmont-Sardinia

14 May 1963               Proclomation of the Principality of Seborga

23 Apr 1995 Referendum votes in favour of independence from Italy (not recognised)


Princes

14 May 1963 - 25 Nov 2009 Giorgio I Carbone

25 Apr 2010 -             Marcello I Menegatto

22 Feb 2016 -             Nicolas I Mutte

                          (in opposion)

__________________________________________________________________________________


Senigallia


1288 Semigallia a Free Commune

1306 - 1342 Papal rule

1342 - 1464 Under Pesaro (interupted by periods of Papal rule)

31 Jan 1464 Lordshup of Semigallia

1464 - 1474 Papal rule

31 Dec 1502 - 18 Aug 1503 Occupied by Cesare Borgia

01 Jan 1514 To Urbino

01 Jan 1625 Papal rule

12 May 1631 Formally annexed by the Papal State


Lords

1342 - 1464               The Lords of Pesaro

1464                      Antonio Piccolomini, duca di Amalfi .......... 1435-1492

28 Oct 1474 - 06 Oct 1501 Giovanni Francesco Della Rovere .............. 1457-1501

06 Oct 1501 - 31 Dec 1502 Francesco Maria Della Rovere (1st Time) ...... 1490-1538

31 Dec 1502 - 18 Aug 1503 Cesare Borgia, duc de Valentois .............. 1475-1507

18 Aug 1503 - 15 Oct 1516 Francesco Maria Della Rovere (2nd Time)

   Nov 1519 - 18 May 1522 Giovanni Maria da Varano ..................... 1503-1527

__________________________________________________________________________________


Siena

1125                      Republic of Siena

22 Jul 1487               Lordship of Siena

01 Jan 1525               Republic of Siena

1548 - 1522               Occupied by Spain

21 Apr 1555 - 03 Jul 1557 Occupied by Florence

21 Apr 1555 - 03 Apr 1559 Republic in rebellion at Montalcino

03 Jul 1557               Ceded to Tuscany by Spain


Lords

1326 - 1328 Capet-Anjou, Carlo

1355        Luxemburg, Carlo

1355        Luxemburg, Niccolo

1390 - 1392 Visconti, Giovanni Galaezzo (1st Time)

1399 - 1402 Visconti, Giovanni Galaezzo (2nd Time)

1402 - 1404 Visconti, Giovanni Maria

22 Jul 1487 - 21 May 1512 Pandolfo Petrucci

21 May 1512 - 1516        Borghese Petrucci

       1516 - 11 Dec 1522 Raffaelo Petrucci

1522 - 1523               Francesco Petrucci

1523 - 1524               Fabio Petrucci

Captains of the People

01 Jan      – 28 Feb 1525 Giovan Battista Piccolomini

01 Mar      – 30 Apr 1525 Giovanni di Gabriello Tegliacci

01 May      – 30 Jun 1525 Girolamo di Ghino Bandinelli (1st time)

01 Jul      – 31 Aug 1525 Girolamo di Francesco Guglielmi

01 Sep      – 31 Oct 1525 Giovanni Battista di ser Mino Tricerchi

01 Nov      – 31 Dec 1525 Guido di Tommaso Bandinelli

01 Jan      – 28 Feb 1526 Antonio Maria di Bandino Tommasi

01 Mar      – 30 Apr 1526 Bernardino di Filippo Boninsegni

                          (1st Time)

01 May      – 30 Jun 1526 Girolamo di Lodovico Marcobindi

01 Sep      – 04 Sep 1526 Francesco di Bartolomeo Salvani

01 Nov      – 31 Dec 1526 Girolamo di Ventura Venturini

01 Jan      – 28 Feb 1527  Antonio di Pietrino Bollanti

01 Mar      – 30 Apr 1527 Giovanni di Petroccio Scotti

01 May      – 30 Jun 1527 Mariano di ser Iacopo Umidi (1st time)

01 Jul      – 31 Aug 1527 Girolamo di Musciatto Cerretani

01 Sep      – 31 Oct 1527 Girolamo di Bartolomeo Landucci

01 Nov      – 31 Dec 1527 Bernardino di Francesco Boninsegni

                          (1st Time)

01 Jan      – 29 Feb 1528 Sigismondo di Lodovico Docci (1st time)

01 Mar      – 30 Apr 1528 Cristoforo di Francesco Luti

01 May      – 30 Jun 1528 Giulio di Ambrogio Spannocchi

01 Jul      – 31 Aug 1528 Alessandro di Andrea Piccolomini

                          (1st Time)

01 Sep      – 31 Oct 1528 Pio di Antonio Orlandi

01 Nov      – 31 Dec 1528 Francesco di Carlo Tolome

01 Jan      – 28 Feb 1529 Giovanni di Angelo Palmieri (1st time)

01 Mar      – 30 Apr 1529 Bernardino di Niccolò Benvoglienti

01 May      – 30 Jun 1529 Niccolò di Lodovico Piccolomini

01 Jul      – 31 Aug 1529 Galgano di Giovanni Fondi

01 Sep      – 31 Oct 1529 Alessandro di Magio Ugurgieri (1st time)

01 Nov      – 31 Dec 1529 Giovanni Battista di ser Bernardino Politi

01 Jan      – 28 Feb 1530 Bernardino di Filippo Boninsegni

                          (2nd time)

01 Mar      – 30 Apr 1530 Giovan Battista di Niccolò Piccolomini

                          (1st time)

01 May      – 30 Jun 1530 Angelo di Pietro Baldi (1st time)

01 Jul      – 31 Aug 1530 Antonio di Girolamo Vecchi

01 Sep      – 31 Oct 1530 Niccolò di Musciatto Cerretani (1st time)

01 Nov      – 31 Dec 1530 Mariano di ser Iacopo Umidi (2nd time)

01 Jan      – 26 Feb 1531 Ambrogio di Quirico Nuti (1st time)

01 Mar      – 30 Apr 1531 Battista di maestro Pietro Tinelli

01 May      – 30 Jun 1531 Bernardino di Francesco Boninsegni

                          (2nd time)

01 Jul      – 31 Aug 1531 Andrea di Giorgio Tricerchi (1st time)

01 Sep      – 31 Oct 1531 Mario di Salustio Bandini

01 Nov      – 31 Dec 1531 Niccolò di Giovanni Franceschi

01 Jan      – 29 Feb 1532 Bartolomeo di maestro Boninsegna

                           Boninsegni

01 Mar      – 30 Apr 1532 Rinaldo di Celidonio Agazzari

01 May      – 30 Jun 1532 Girolamo di ser Giovanni Paccinelli (2nd time)

01 Jul      – 31 Aug 1532 Mariano di Giovanni Venturi

01 Sep      – 31 Oct 1532 Girolamo di Regolo Massaini

01 Nov      - 03 Dec 1532 Carlo di Domenico Rocchi (1st time)

01 Jan      – 28 Feb 1533 Alessandro di Andrea Piccolomini

                          (2nd Time)

01 Mar      – 30 Apr 1533 Bartolomeo di Antonio Saracini

01 May      – 02 Jun 1533 Agostino di Francesco Bardi (1st time)

01 Jul      – 31 Aug 1533 Angelo di Placido Placidi

01 Sep      – 31 Oct 1533 Camillo di Lorenzo Venturini (1st time)

01 Nov      – 31 Dec 1533 Orlando di Rinaldo Marescotti

                             (1st time)

01 Mar      - 30 Apr 1534 Giulio di Pietro de Santi

01 May      – 30 Jun 1534 Lodovico di ser Bernardino Politi

01 Jul      – 31 Aug 1534 Giovan Battista di Niccolò

                             Piccolomini (2nd time)

01 Sep      – 31 Oct 1534 Francesco di Luca Vieri (1st time)

01 Nov      – 31 Dec 1534 Giovanni di Agostino Pini

01 Jan 1535 – 24 Feb 1535 Antonio Paccinelli

01 Mar 1535 – 30 Apr 1535 Giovanni di Angelo Ugurgieri

01 May 1535 – 30 Jun 1535 Niccolò di Amerigo Amerighi (2nd time)

01 Jul 1535 – 31 Oct 1535 Carlo di Agostino Pini

01 Sep 1535 – 31 Oct 1535 Iacopo di Niccolò Ugolini

01 Nov 1535 – 31 Dec 1535 Rinaldo, conte di Tolomei

01 Jan 1536 – 29 Feb 1536 Alberto di Bartolomeo Luti (1st time)

01 Mar 1536 – 30 Apr 1536 Angelo di Francesco Tancredi

01 May 1536 – 30 Jun 1536 Sigismondo di Lodovico Docci (2nd time)

01 Jul 1536 – 30 Aug 1536 Guidantonio di Giovanni Salvani

01 Sep 1536 – 31 Oct 1536 Alessandro di Angelo Gabrielli

01 Nov 1536 – 31 Dec 1536 Bartolomeo di Lorenzo Griffoli (1st time)

01 Jan 1537 – 28 Feb 1537 Girolamo di Lodovico Docci

01 Mar 1537 – 28 Apr 1537 Angelo di Ugo Ugurgieri

01 May 1537 – 30 Jun 1537 Alessandro di Stefano Taia

01 Jul 1537 – 21 Aug 1537 Iacopo di Placido Placidi (1st time)

01 Sep 1537 – 31 Oct 1537 Preziano di Niccolo Costanti (1st time)

01 Nov 1537 – 31 Dec 1537 Antonio di Niccolò Fantoni (1st time)

01 Jan 1538 – 28 Feb 1538 Giustiniano di Francesco Nelli

01 Mar 1538 – 30 Apr 1538 Carlo di Giovanni Sermini

01 May 1538 – 30 Jun 1538 Bernardino di Francesco Boninsegni

                          (3rd time)

01 Jul 1538 – 29 Aug 1538 Iacopo di Francesco Patrizi

01 Sep 1538 – 31 Oct 1538 Niccolò di Achille Sergardi

01 Nov 1538 – 31 Dec 1538 Caterino di Caterino Marescotti

01 Jan 1539 – 28 Feb 1539 Pietro di Giovanni Ballati

01 Mar 1539 – 30 Apr 1539 Giovanni Maria di Agostino Pini

01 May 1539 – 30 Jun 1539 Alfonso Piccolomini, duca di Amalfi

01 Jul 1539 – 18 Aug 1539 Antonio di Niccolò Fantoni (2nd time)

01 Sep 1539 – 31 Oct 1539 Anselmo di Simone Simoni

01 Nov 1539 – 31 Dec 1539 Carlo di Domenico Rocchi (2nd time)

01 Jan 1540 – 28 Feb 1540 Gacopo di ser Guglielmo Tantucci

01 Mar 1540 – 30 Apr 1540 Mariano Spannocchi

01 May 1540 – 30 Jun 1540 Agostino di Francesco Bardi (2nd time)

01 Jul 1540 – 31 Aug 1540 Iacopo di Placido Placidi (2nd time)

01 Sep 1540 – 31 Oct 1540 Camillo di Lorenzo Venturini (2nd time)

01 Nov 1540 – 31 Dec 1540 Orlando di Rinaldo Marescotti

                          (2nd Time)

01 Jan 1541 – 28 Feb 1541 Pietro di Niccolò Benassi

01 Mar 1541 – 30 Apr 1541 Angelo conte di Bulgarini

01 May 1541 – 30 Jun 1541 Giovanni di Angelo Palmieri (2nd time)

01 Jul 1541 – 31 Aug 1541 Alessandro di Magio Ugurgieri (2nd time)

01 Sep 1541 – 31 Oct 1541 Francesco di Luca Vieri (2nd time)

01 Nov 1541 – 31 Dec 1541 Carlo di Agostino Pini

01 Jan 1542 – 27 Feb 1542 Preziano di Niccolò Costanti (2nd time)

01 Mar 1542 – 30 Apr 1542 Niccolò di Musciatto Cerretani (2nd time)

01 May 1542 – 28 Jun 1542 Bernardino di Filippo Boninsegni

                          (3rd Time)

01 Jul 1542 – 08 Aug 1542 Cesare di Leonardo Marsili (1st time)

01 Sep 1542 – 31 Oct 1542 Girolamo di Goro Gori

01 Nov 1542 – 31 Dec 1542 Pierantonio Allegretti

01 Jan 1543 – 28 Feb 1543 Niccolò di Amerigo Amerighi (1st time)

01 Mar 1543 – 29 Apr 1543 Andrea di Giorgio Tricerchi (2nd time)

01 May 1543 – 30 Jun 1543 Ambrogio di Quirico Nuti (2nd time)

01 Jul 1543 – 29 Aug 1543 Guido di Tommaso Bandinelli (1st time)

01 Sep 1543 – 11 Oct 1543 Antonio di Lorenzo Beccafumi

01 Nov 1543 – 31 Dec 1543 Bartolomeo di Lorenzo Griffoli (2nd time)

01 Jan 1544 – 28 Feb 1544 Angelo di Pietro Baldi (2nd time)

01 Mar 1544 – 30 Apr 1544 Angelo di Giovanni Malavolti

                             (1st time)

01 May 1544 – 30 Jun 1544 Antonio di Pio Orlandi

01 Jul 1544 – 31 Aug 1544 Girolamo di Ghino Bandinelli (2nd time)

01 Sep 1544 –  3 Oct 1544 Guglielmo di Angelo Palmieri

01 Nov 1544 – 31 Dec 1544 Giovanni di Angelo Azzolini Ugurgieri

01 Jan 1545 – 28 Feb 1545 Antonio di Girolamo Vecchi

01 Mar 1545 – 30 Apr 1545 Giovanni di Bartolomeo Pecci

01 May 1545 – 30 Jun 1545 Girolamo di ser Giovanni Paccinelli

                          (1st Time)

01 Jul 1545 – 31 Aug 1545 Girolamo di Niccolò Piccolomini Mandoli

01 Sep 1545 – 31 Oct 1545 Alberto di Bartolomeo Luti (2nd time)

01 Nov 1545 – 31 Dec 1545 Sigismondo di Iacopo Armalei

01 Jan 1546 – 23 Feb 1546 Giovan Battista di Mariano Umidi

01 Mar 1546 – 30 Apr 1546 Antonio di Bonaventura Gallerani

                          (1st Time)

01 May 1546 – 30 Jun 1546 Francesco di Antonio Savini

01 Jul 1546 – 07 Aug 1546 Lodovico Marcobindi

01 Nov 1546 – 31 Dec 1546 Giovanni conte di Bonsignori

01 Jan 1547 – 28 Feb 1547 Cesare di Mariano Umidi

01 Mar 1547 – 30 Apr 1547 Marcantonio di Girolamo Vecchi

01 May 1547 – 30 Jun 1547 Iacopo di Bartolomeo Ragnoni

01 Jul 1547 – 31 Aug 1547 Adriano di Alessandro Franci

01 Sep 1547 – 31 Oct 1547 Agostino di Francesco Bardi (3rd time)

01 Nov 1547 – 31 Dec 1547 Mariano di Giovanni Finetti

01 Jan 1548 – 29 Feb 1548 Niccolò di Leonardo Benvoglienti

01 Mar 1548 – 30 Apr 1548 Alessandro di Niccolò Finetti (1st time)

01 May 1548 – 25 Jun 1548 Girolamo di Andrea Spannocchi

01 Jul 1548 – 31 Aug 1548 Alberto di Bartolomeo Luti (3rd time)

01 Sep 1548 – 31 Oct 1548 Guido di Tommaso Bandinelli (2nd time)

01 Nov 1548 – 28 Feb 1549 Ambrogio di Quirico Nuti (3rd time)

01 Mar 1549 – 30 Apr 1549 Antonio di Bonaventura Gallerani

                          (2nd Time)

01 May 1549 – 06 May 1549 Damiano di Cristoforo Damiani (1st time)

01 Jul 1549 – 31 Aug 1549 Alfonso di Antonio Cinughi

01 Sep 1549 – 31 Oct 1549 Anton Maria di maestro Luca Vaiari

01 Nov 1549 – 31 Dec 1549 Alessandro di Aldobrandino Nini

01 Jan 1550 - 27 Feb 1550 Marcantonio di Mariano Zondadari

01 Mar 1550 – 30 Apr 1550 Cristoforo di Antonio Capacci

01 Jul 1550 – 18 Aug 1550 Antonio di Niccolò Fantoni (3rd time)

01 Sep 1550 – 31 Oct 1550 Antonio di Mariano Vecchi

01 Nov 1550 – 31 Dec 1550 Sigismondo di Iacopo Amalei

01 Jan 1551 – 18 Jan 1551 Niccolò di Luca Martini   

01 Mar 1551 – 30 Apr 1551 Orlando di Rinaldo Marescotti

                          (3rd Time)

01 May 1551 – 07 May 1551 Ferrando di Bernardino Benvoglienti

01 Jul 1551 – 31 Aug 1551 Andrea di Giorgio Tricerchi (3rd time)

1 Sep 1551 – 13 Oct 1551 Tommaso di Girolamo Docci

03 Nov 1551 – 31 Dec 1551 Guidantonio di Bonsignore Piccolomini

01 Jan 1552 – 29 Feb 1552 Pietro di Niccolò Benassai

01 Mar 1552 – 30 Apr 1552 Bulgarino di Alberto Bulgarini

01 May 1552 – 30 Jun 1552  Mario di Pieranonio Cacciaguerri

01 Jul 1552 – 30 Aug 1552 Angelo di Giovanni Malavolti (2nd time)

01 Sep 1552 – 31 Oct 1552 Bartolomeo di maestro Boninsegna

                           Boninsegni

01 Nov 1552 - 31 Dec 1552 Cesare di Leonardo Marsili (2nd time)

01 Jan 1553 – 31 Mar 1553 Giulio da Giovanni di Francesco Salvi

01 Apr 1553 – 30 Jun 1553 Giulio di Giovan Francesco Salvi

                          + Marcello di Giovanni Tegliacci

01 Jul 1553 – 30 Sep 1553 Niccolò di Musciatto Cerretani (3rd time)

01 Oct 1553 – 31 Dec 1553 Damiano di Cristoforo Damiani (2nd time)

01 Jan 1554 – 31 Mar 1554 Giovanni Antonio Pecci

01 Apr 1554 – 30 Jun 1554 Ambrogio di Quirico Nuti (4th time)

01 Jul 1554 – 30 Sep 1554 Alessandro di Niccolò Finetti (2nd time)

01 Oct 1554 – 31 Dec 1554 Claudio di Federigo Zuccantini

01 Jan 1555 – 01 Mar 1555 Calisto di Girolamo Borghesi

01 Apr 1555 – 21 Apr 1555 Mario di Sallustio Bandini

__________________________________________________________________________________


Siracusa (Syracuse)


485 BC       Greek city state of Syrakousai on the island of Sicily

211 BC - 476 AD To Rome

476          To the Heruli confederation

493          To the Ostrogoth Kingdom

535          To the Byzantine Empire

878          Under Arab Muslim rule

1053 - 1085 Emirate of Syracuse

1085        To Sicily thereafter


Tyrants

485 - 478 Gelonos I Deinomenes

478 - 466 Ieros I

466 - 465 Thrasyvoulos

405 - 367 Dionysis I "the elder"

367 - 356 Dionysis II "the younger" (1st Time)

357 - 355 Dion

355 - 353 Kallippos

353 - 350 Ipparinos

350 - 346 Nysaeos

346 - 344 Dionysis II "the younger" (2nd Time)

345 - 337 Timoleon

317 - 289 Agathoklis

289 - 280 Ikatos

279 - 277 Thinion

279 - 277 Sosistratos

278 - 276 Pyrros

275 - 215 Ieros II

275 - 216 Gelanos II

215 - 214 Ieronymos

214 - 212 Andranodoros

213 - 212 Ippokratos

213 - 212 Epikydes


Emirs

1053 - 1071 Muhammed ibn Ibrahim ibn ath-Thuma

1071 - 1085 Benavert

__________________________________________________________________________________


Sora


1339                      County of Sora created as a fief of Naples

1443                      Duchy of Sora created by Alfonso I of Naples

1463 - 1472               Papal occupation

1516 - 1521               Imperial administration

1647 - 1648               Occupied by Colessa Domenico

31 Aug 1796               Ceded to Sicily


Dukes

1443 - 1453               Nicola Cantelo ............................... 1382-1453

1453 - 1463               Piergiampaolo Cantelmo

28 Mar 1472 - 11 Nov 1475 della Rovere, Leonardo ....................... 1445-1475

11 Nov 1475 - 06 Nov 1501 della Rovere, Giovanni ....................... 1457-1501

06 Nov 1501 - 1516        della Rovere, Francesco Maria ................ 1490-1538

                          (1st Time)

       1516 - 28 May 1521 della Rovere, Guglielmo di Croy .............. 1458-1521

28 May 1521 - 20 Oct 1538 della Rovere, Francesco Maria

                          (2nd Time)

20 Oct 1538 - 03 Sep 1578 della Rovere, Giulio Maria ................... 1533-1578

       1579 - 26 Aug 1612 Boncompagni, Giacomo I ....................... 1548-1612

26 Aug 1612 - 13 Oct 1628 Boncompagni, Gregorio I ...................... 1590-1628

13 Oct 1628 - 18 Apr 1636 Boncompagni, Giovan Giacomo II ............... 1613-1636

18 Apr 1636 - 28 Oct 1676 Boncompagni, Ugo ............................. 1614-1676

28 Oct 1676 - 01 Feb 1707 Boncompagni, Gregorio II ..................... 1642-1707

01 Feb 1707 - 28 Jan 1731 Boncompagni, Antonio I ....................... 1658-1731

28 Jan 1731 - 24 May 1777 Boncompagni, Gaetano Domenico ................ 1704-1777

24 May 1777 - 31 Aug 1796 Boncompagni, Antonio II Maria ................ 1735-1805

__________________________________________________________________________________


Spoleto


570 Lombard Duchy of Spoleto

1119 - 1171 To Florence

1198 - 1222 To the Papal State

1228 - 1808 To the Papal State

1808 - 1814 To France

1815 - 1860 To the Papal State

1860        Part of Italy


Dukes

570-585 Faroaldo I

585-600 Aruilf

664-665 Atto

665-703 Trasamond I

703-717 Faroaldo II

717-739 Trasamond II

        (1st Time)

739-740 Hilderik

740-742 Trasamond II

        (1st Time)

742-744 Agiprand

744-745 Trasamond II

        (1st Time)

745-751 Lupus

751-756 Aistulf

756-757 Ratchis

757-758 Aboin

758-759 Daufur

759-761 Gisulf

769     Theodiciud

774-779 Hildeprand

842-866 Guido

866-879 Lamberto

879-800 Guido II

800-894 Guido III

894-898 Lamberto II

898-900 Guido IV

900-915 Alberic

915-928 Peto

928-954 Alberic II

954-962 Octavian I

962-967 Trasmondo III

967-981 Pandolfo I

981-989 Trasmondo IV

989-999 Ugo I

999-1003 Ademaro

1003-1010 Romano

1010-1014 Ranieri

1020-1035 Ugo II

1035-1043 Ugo III

1050-1052 Bonifazio di Canossa

1053-1056 Mathilda

          (1st Time)

1056-1057 Victorio II

1057-1070 Gottfried I

1070-1086 Mathilda

          (2nd Time)

1082-1086 Ranieri II

1093-1119 Lenzburg, Werner II

1152-1171 Urslengen, Welf IV

1171-1183 Urslingen, Ridelfulf

1183-1190 Urslingen, Corrado

1190-1195 Lombardi, Pandolf II

1222-1228 Urslingen, Bertold

1228-1229 Urslingen, Reinhold

1904-1946 Savoia, Amandio, duci di Spoleto

__________________________________________________________________________________


Taranto

706 - 473 BC Kingdom of Taras

272 BC       To Rome

535 AD       To the Byzantine Empire

1063         County of Taranto

1088         Principality of Taranto

1204 - 1294 To Sicily and Naples

1419        To the Kingdom of Naples thereafter


Counts

1063 - 1072               Lofredus

1072 - 1080               Ricardo

1080 - 1085               Hauteville, Roberto il Guiscardo

Princes

       1085 - 03 Mar 1111 Hauteville, Boemondo I

03 Mar 1111 - 1128        Hauteville, Boemondo II

1128 - 1141               Hauteville, Ruggero II di Sicilia

       1132 - 16 Mar 1138 Hauteville, Tancredi I

1141 - 1157               Hauteville, Gugliemo I

1157 - 1177               Hauteville, Gugliemo II

       1177 - 18 Nov 1189 Hauteville, Enrico

18 Nov 1189 - 1198        Hauteville, Gugliemo III

18 Nov 1189 - 20 Feb 1194 Hauteville, Tancredi II di Lecci

1198 - 1200               Hauteville, Roberto II

1200 - 1204               Brienne, Gualtiero

       1294 - 23 Dec 1332 Anjou, Filippo I

23 Dec 1332 - 1346        Anjou, Roberto III

1346 - 1364               Anjou, Luigi

1364 - 1374               Anjou, Filippo II

1374 - 17 Jul 1383        Baux, Giacomo I

17 Jul 1383 - 1393        Welf, Ottone

       1393 - 17 Jan 1406 Orsini, Raimondo

17 Jan 1406 - 1415        Orsini, Giovanni Antonio

1415 - 1419               Capet, Giacomo II

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Tivoli


900 - 1001 Tivoli a Free Commune

1100 To the Papal State

1159 Autonomous Couty of Tivoli

1808 To Napoleonic Italy

1814 Restored to the Papal States

1860 To Italy thereafter


Counts

1159 Rainiero

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Torriglia

1252                      Lordship of Torriglia

12 Jun 1548               Marquisate of Torriglia

13 May 1760               Principality of Torriglia

27 Jun 1797               Annexed by the Ligurian Republic

1814                      Part of Genoa

03 Jan 1815               Part of Piedmont-Sardinia


Marchese

02 Jan 1547 - 25 Nov 1560 Doria, Andrea I

25 Nov 1560 - 13 Sep 1574 Doria, Pagano d'Oria .......................... 1545-1574

13 Sep 1574 - 02 Feb 1606 Doria, Giovanni Andrea I ...................... 1539-1606

02 Feb 1606 - 11 Jul 1612 Doria, Andrea II .............................. 1570-1612

11 Jul 1612 - 18 Jan 1640 Doria, Giovanni Andrea II ..................... 1607-1640

11 Jul 1612 - 1620        Giovanna Colonna .............................. 1580-1620

                          (regent)

31 Jan 1641 - 1654        Doria, Andrea III ............................. 1628-1654

1641 - 1648               Polissena Landi ............................... 1608-1679

                          (regent)

19 Oct 1654 - 1679        Violenta Lomellini ............................ 1632-1708

                          (regent)

27 Feb 1679 - 19 Dec 1737 Doria, Giovanni Andrea III .................... 1653-1737

Princes

19 Dec 1737 - 18 Dec 1764 Doria, Giovanni Andrea IV ..................... 1705-1764

18 Dec 1764 - 27 Jun 1797 Doria, Giovanni Andrea V ...................... 1744-1807

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Torino


576 Lombard Dukedom of Turin

774 Frankish March of Turin (part of the Kingdom of Italy)

892 - 942 Part of Ivrea

1091 - 1266 Chartered Commune

1266 - 1280 To Montferrat

1285 - 1295 To Savoy

1418        To Savoy

1798 - 1814 French occupation

1799 - 1800 Austrian occupation

1814        Part of Piedmont-Sardinia

1821        Provisional government

1861        Part of Italy thereafter


Dukes

576 - 589 Aimone

589 - 590 Agilulf

590 - 607 Arioald

660 - 671 Garibold

671 - 701 Reginpert

Counts

774 - 800 Boso I

800 - 826 Boso II

826 - 855 Boso III

878 - 888 Suppone

Marchese

942 - 975 Arduin Glabrione

975 - 1001 Manfred I

1001 - 1034 Ulrich Manfred II

1034 - 1091 Adelaid I

1037 - 1038 Herman IV, Herzog von Schwaben

            (co-ruler)

1041 - 1045 Enrico, Marchese di Montferrato

            (co-ruler)

1046 - 1060 Savoia, Oddone I di Savoia

            (co-ruler)

1060 - 1078 Pietro

1078 - 1080 Savoia, Amadeo II di Savoia

            (co-ruler)

1080 - 1091 Bar, Friedrich von Mömpelgard

Counts

1280 - 1282 Savoia, Tommasso III di Savoia

1282 - 1285 Guido di Bourgogne

1295 - 1331 Achaia, Filippo di Savoia

1331 - 1367 Achaia, Giacomo di Savoia

1368 - 1402 Achaia, Amadeo di Savoia

1402 - 1418 Achaia, Luigi di Savoia

1639 - 1640 Savoia, Tommasso di Savoia

24 Nov 1870 - 18 Jun 1946 Savoia, Vittorio Emenuele di Aosta ............ 1870-1946

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Treviso


Part of the March of Verona

1164 - 1173 Treviso a Free Commune

1173 Lordship of Treviso

1192 - 1237 Treviso a Free Commune

1389 To the Republic of Venice


Lords

1173 - 1183 da Romano, Ezzelino I

1191 - 1192 da Romano, Ezzelino II

1237 - 1239 da Romano, Ezzelino III

1283 - 1307 da Camino, Gherardo

1307 - 1312 da Camino, Rizzardo

1312 - 1328 Habsburg, Friedrich III von Oestrreich

1328 - 1329 Tempesta, Guecello

1381 - 1384 Habsburg, Leopold III von Steienmarck

1384 - 1388 Carrara, Francesco

1388 - 1389 Visconti, Gian Galeazzo

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Urbino

1213 Lordship of Urbino

1286 - 1289 Papal rule

26 Apr 1332 - 1334 Papal rule

26 Jul 1355 - 25 Dec 1375 Papal rule

26 Apr 1443               Duchy of Urbino

24 Jul 1444               Lordship of Urbino

23 Aug 1474               Duchy of Urbino

        Apr - 18 Oct 1502 Under control of Cesare Borgia

01 Jan 1514               Acquisation of Pesaro and Senigallia

16 Oct 1516 - 18 May 1522 To Tuscany

01 Jan 1625               Papal rule

12 May 1631               Formally annexed to the Papal State


Lords

1155 Antonio I

1184 - 1202 Montefeltrino I

1226-1241 da'Montefeltro, Buonconte

1241-1253 da'Montefeltro, Montefeltrano I

1253-1296 da'Montefeltro, Guido

1296-1322 da'Montefeltro, Frederico I

26 Apr 1322 - 24 Dec 1360 da'Montefeltro, Nolfo

24 Dec 1360 - 1370        da'Montefeltro, Frederico II Paolo

       1363 - 29 Apr 1404 da'Montefeltro, Antonio II

29 Apr 1404 - 21 Feb 1443 da'Montefeltro, Guidantonio I

Dukes

21 Feb 1443 - 22 Jul 1444 da'Montefeltro, Oddantonio I

                          (Duke from 26 Apr 1443)

22 Jul 1444 - 10 Sep 1482 da'Montefeltro, Frederico III

                          (Count to 23 Aug 1474)

10 Sep 1482 -    Apr 1502 da'Montefeltro, Guidubaldo I (1st Time)

   Apr      - 18 Oct 1502 Borgia, Cesare di Valentino

18 Oct 1502 - 11 Apr 1508 da'Montefeltro, Guidubaldo I (2nd Time)

11 Apr 1508 - 20 Oct 1538 della Rovere, Francesco Maria I

                          (excommunicated 1516-1522)

20 Oct 1538 - 28 Sep 1574 della Rovere, Guidibaldo II

28 Sep 1574 - 14 May 1621 della Rovere, Francesco Maria II

                          (1st Time)

14 May 1621 - 28 Jun 1623 della Rovere, Frederico Ubaldo

28 Jun 1623 - 23 Apr 1631 della Rovere, Francesco Maria II

                          (2nd Time)

Apostolic Governors

01 Jan 1625 - 1627        Berlinghiero Gessi

       1627 - 12 May 1631 Lorenzo Campeggi, vescovo di Semigallia

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Verona

874 March of Verona Aquileia

952 In personal union with Bavaria

976 In personal union with Carinthia

1151 Enfeoffed to the Margrave of Baden

1164 Formation of the Veronese League

1167 Verona joins the Lombard League

1226 - 1387 Lordship of Verona

1387        To Milan

1404        Lordship restored for 10 days

1404        To Padua

1420 To the Domini di Terraferma


Marchesi

874 - 924 Berengario di Italia

951 - 955 Heinrich I von Sachsen

955 - 976 The Dukes of Bavaria

976 - 1151 The Dukes of Carinthia

1151 - 1268 The Margraves of Baden

Lords

1226 - 1233               da Romano, Ezzelino (1st Time)

1233 - 1236               di Sehio, Giovanni

1236 - 1239               da Romano, Ezzelino (2nd Time)

1247 - 1254               San Bonifazio, Rizzardo

1253 - 1263               San Bonifazio, Ludovico

       1260 - 26 Oct 1277 della Scala, Mastino I

26 Oct 1277 - 03 Sep 1301 della Scala, Alberto I

03 Sep 1301 - 08 Mar 1304 della Scala, Bartolomeo I

08 Mar 1304 - 29 Nov 1311 della Scala, Alboin

       1308 - 22 Jul 1329 della Scala, Cangrande I

22 Jul 1329 - 03 Jun 1351 della Scala, Mastino II

03 Jun 1351 - 13 Sep 1352 della Scala, Alberto II

13 Sep 1352 - 14 Dec 1359 della Scala, Cangrande II

14 Dec 1359 - 19 Oct 1375 della Scala, Paolo Alboin

14 Dec 1359 - 19 Oct 1375 della Scala, Cansignorio

19 Oct 1375 - 12 Jul 1381 della Scala, Bartolomeo II

12 Jul 1381 - 19 Oct 1387 della Scala, Antonio I

1390                      della Scala, Canfrancesco

                          (in rebellion)

18 Apr 1404               della Scala, Guglielmo

1404                      della Scala, Bruno

1404                      della Scala, Antonio II

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Vescovato

1484                      Lordship of Vescovato

10 Dec 1529               Vescovato an Imperial fief

       1559               Marquisate of Vescovato

01 Mar 1593               Principality of Vescovato

       1708               Incorporated into the Duchy of Milan


Lords

       1484 - 23 Sep 1525 Gonzaga, Giovanni ............................. 1474-1525

23 Sep 1525 - 31 Dec 1530 Gonzaga, Sigismondo I ......................... 1499-1530

31 Dec 1530 - 22 Jul 1567 Gonzaga, Sigismondo II ........................ 1530-1567

                          (Marquis from 1559)

Princes

22 Jul 1567 - 09 Jan 1614 Gonzaga, Carlo I .............................. 1551-1614

                          (Marquis to 1593)

09 Jan 1614 - 31 Aug 1636 Gonzaga, Francesco ............................ 1593-1636

31 Aug 1636 - 19 Sep 1685 Gonzaga, Carlo II ............................. 1618-1685

31 Aug 1636 - 31 Dec 1694 Gonzaga, Sigismondo III ....................... 1625-1694

31 Dec 1694 - 24 Jul 1735 Gonzaga, Francesco Gaetano .................... 1675-1735

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Vicenza

1164 - 1167 Part of the Lombard League

1214 - 1236 Commune

1236 - 1359 Imperial rule

1259 - 1266 Republic of Vicenza

1266 - 1311 To Padua

1311 - 1387 To Verona

1387 - 1404 To Milan

1404        To Venice thereafter


Count-Bishops

872 - 882 Aicardo

901 - 925 Vitale

926 - 965 Manasse

965 - 967 Giraldo

967 - 968 Rodolfo

968 - 974 Ambrogio

974 - 994 .....

995 - 1000 Lamberto

1000 - 1004 Girolamo

1004 - 1013 Liundigerio I

1013 - 1027 Teobaldo

1027 - 1046 Astolfo

1046 - 1066 Liudigerio II

1066 - 1080 .....

1080 - 1104 Ezzelino I

1104  -1027 Toringo

1127 - 1131 Enrico II

1131 - 1146 Lotario

1146 - 1158 Uberto

1158 - 1179 Ariberto

1179 - 1214 da Romano, Ezzelino II

                     (Lord)

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Viterbo


 


1095 - 1291 Viterbro a Free Commune

1291        To the Papal State

1328        Lordship of Vitebro

1354 - 1375 To the Papal State

1387 - 1391 To the Papal State

1395 - 1413 To the Papal State

1414        To the Papal States thereafter


Lords

1328 - 1329 de Gatti, Silvestro

1329 - 1338 di Vico, Faziolo

1338 - 1354 di Vico, Giovanni I

1375 - 1387 di Vico, Francesco

1391 - 1395 di Vico, Giovanni II Sciarra

1413 - 1454 di Gatti, Giovanni III

1438 - 1454 di Gatti, Princivalle

1454 - 1461 di Gatti, Antoniaccio

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