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Sverige

c.490                     Legendary founding of the Kingdom

65. - 73.                 Danish rule

c.995                     Kingdom of Swedes, Goths and Wends

c.1250                    Kingdom of Swedes

08 Aug 1319 - 15 Aug 1343 In (nominal) personal union with Norway

       1396               Kingdom of Sweden

11 Jul 1396 - 06 Jun 1523 Part of Kalmar union with Norway and Denmark

03 Aug 1577 - 29 Feb 1809 In personal union with the Grand Duchy of Finland

23 Mar 1730 - 05 Apr 1751 In personal union with Hessen-Kassel

29 Feb 1809               Finland ceded to Russian Empire

04 Nov 1814 - 07 Jun 1905 In personal union with Norway

01 Jan 1995               Accession to the EU

 

Government: Constitutional Monarchy.

Capital: Stockholm.

Language: Swedish, Finnish.

Religion: Lutheran, Islam.

National Anthem: "Du gamla, du fria" ("Thou ancient, thou free").

National Emblem: Royal Coat of Arms.

National Day: Flag day, 6th June (1523).

National Motto: För Sverige I tiden (For Sweden with the Times).

EU Accession: 1st January 1995.

Currency: Krona.

 

Monarchs

490-500 Jngling, Egil I

500-506 Jngling, Ottar I

506-535 Jngling, Onela I

530-575 Jngling, Eadgils I

575-589 Jngling, Östen I

589 Jngling, Sölve I

589-593 Jngling, Ingvar I

593-620 Jngling, Anund I

665-695 Skjödung, Ivar I Vidfamne

705-735 Skjödung, Harold I Hildetand

735-750 Skjödung, Sigurd I Ring

750-770 Skjödung, Ragnar I Lodbrok

770-794 Skjödung, Östen II Beli

794-804 Uppsala, Björn I Ironside

804-808 Uppsala, Erik I Björnsson

808-820 Uppsala, Erik II Refilsson

820-859 Uppsala, Edmund I

859-870 Uppsala, Erik III Anudsson

870-920 Uppsala, Bjorn II ap Haga

920-930 Uppsala, Olof I

930 Uppsala, Erik IV Anudsson

930-950 Uppsala, Erik V Ringsson

950-965 Uppsala, Edmund II Eriksson

965 Uppsala, Björn III Eriksson

965-970 Uppsala, Olof II Bjönssen

970-995 Uppsala, Erik VI

995-1022 Uppsala, Olof III

1022-1050 Uppsala, Anund II Jacob

1050-1060 Uppsala, Edmund III

1060-1066 Stenkilson, Stenkil I Ragnvaldsson

1066-1067 Stenkilson, Erik VII Stenkilsson

1066-1067 Stenkilson, Erik VIII Hedningen

1066-1080 Stenkilson, Inge I den Aldre (1st Time)

1066-1070 Stenkilson, Harlsten I

1070-1075 Stenkilson, Anund Gårdske

1075-1079 Stenkilson, Håkan the Red

1080-1083 Stenkilson, Bolt I Sven

1083-1100 Stenkilson, Inge I den Aldre (2nd Time)

1110-1118 Stenkilson, Filip I Halstensson

1118-1125 Stenkilson, Inge II

1125-1130 Stenkilson, Magnus I den Starke Vastergotland

1130 - 25 Dec 1156 Sverker, Sverker I

25 Dec 1156 - 18 May 1160 Sverker, Erik IX Jedvardsson

18 May 1160 - 12 Apr 1167 Sverker, Carl VII Sverkersson

12 Apr 1167 - 08 Apr 1196 Sverker, Knud I Eriksson

08 Apr 1196 - 1208 Sverker, Sverker II Karlsson

1208 - 10 Apr 1216 Sverker, Erik X Knutsson

08 Apr 1216 - 10 Mar 1222 Sverker, Hans I Sverkersson

10 Mar 1222 - 1229 Sverker, Knud II Hansson

10 Mar 1222 - 1229 Sverker, Erik XI Eriksson

(1st Time, co-ruler)

1229 - 1234 Bjallbo, Knud III Holmgersson

1234 - 12 Sep 1250 Sverker, Erik XI Eriksson (2nd Time)

12 Sep 1250 - 22 Jul 1275 Bjällbo, Vlademar I

22 Jul 1275 - 18 Dec 1290 Bjällbo, Magnus II Birgersson

18 Dec 1290 - Jun 1318 Bjällbo, Berger I Magnusson

08 Jul 1319 - Feb 1364 Bjällbo, Magnus III Eriksson

28 Apr 1357 - 20 Jun 1359 Bjällbo, Erik XII Magnusson

15 Feb 1362 - Feb 1364 Bjällbo, Haakon I Magnusson

Feb 1364 - 24 Feb 1389 Mecklenberg, Albrekt I

22 Mar 1389 - 23 Jun 1396 Bjällbo, Queen Margareta Valdemarsdotter

(Regent)

23 Jun 1396 - 29 Sep 1439 Bjällbo, Erik XIII av Pommen of Denmark

29 Sep 1439 - 04 Oct 1440 Bjällbo, Carl VIII Knutsson Bonde (1st Time)

13 Sep 1441 - 05 Jan 1448 Wittlesbach, Kristofer of Baveria

05 Jan 1448 - Feb 1457 Bjällbo, Carl VIII Knutsson Bonde (2nd Time)

02 Jun 1457 - Jan 1464 Oldenburg, Kristian I

09 Aug 1464 - 30 Jan 1465 Bjällbo, Carl VIII Knutsson Bonde (3rd Time)

12 Nov 1467 - 14 May 1470 Bjällbo, Carl VIII Knutsson Bonde (4th Time)

14 May 1470 - 18 Oct 1497 Sten Gustavsson Sture "den äldre" .................... 1440-1503

(1st Time)

18 Oct 1497 - 09 Aug 1501 Bjällbo, Hans II Kristiansson ........................ 1455-1513

09 Aug - 12 Nov 1501 Hemming Gadd ......................................... 1440-1520

(-regent)

12 Nov 1501 - 14 Dec 1503 Sten Gustavsson Sture "den äldre"

(2nd Time)

14 Dec 1503 - 21 Jan 1504 Jakub Ulfsson

(2nd Time, -regent)

21 Jan 1504 - 02 Jan 1512 Svante Nilsson Sture ................................. 1458-1512

(-regent)

02 Jan - 19 Jan 1512 Jakub Ulfsson

(3rd Time, -regent)

19 Jan - 23 Jul 1512 Erik Arvidsson Trolle ................................ 1460-1520

23 Jul 1512 - 03 Feb 1520 Sten Svantssen Sture "den yngre ...................... 1493-1520

03 Feb - 01 Nov 1520 Gustaf Eriksson Trolle ............................... 1488-1535

(-regent)

06 Mar 1520 - 23 Aug 1521 Kristian II Hansson .................................. 1481-1559 "The Tyrant"

23 Aug 1521 - 29 Sep 1560 Vasa, Gustaf I Eriksson .............................. 1496-1560

(regent to 24 Jun 1523)

29 Sep 1560 - 26 Jan 1569 Vasa, Erik XIV ....................................... 1533-1577

29 Sep 1568 - 26 Jan 1569 Nils Gyllenstjerna ................................... 1526-1601

(-regent)

29 Sep 1568 - 27 Nov 1592 Vasa, Johann III ..................................... 1537-1592

27 Nov 1592 - 10 Oct 1593 Karl Gustafsson Vasa, hertig til Södermanland,

Nerike och Wärmland ................................. 1550-1611

(1st Time, regent)

27 Nov 1592 - 03 Aug 1599 Vasa, Sigismond I of Poland and Lithuania ............ 1566-1632

24 Jul 1594 - 12 Nov 1596 Karl Gustafsson Vasa, hertig til Södermanland,

Nerike och Wärmland ................................. 1550-1611

(2nd Time, regent)

03 Aug 1599 - 02 Apr 1604 Karl Gustafsson Vasa, hertig til Södermanland,

Nerike och Wärmland ................................. 1550-1611

(3rd Time, regent)

03 Aug 1599 - 09 Nov 1611 Vasa, Carl IX Gustavsson ............................. 1550-1611

09 Nov 1611 - 16 Nov 1632 Vasa, Gustaf II Adolf ................................ 1594-1632

09 Nov 1611 - 05 Jan 1612 Johan, hertig av Östergötland ........................ 1589-1618

(Regent for Gustaf II Adolf)

09 Nov 1611 - 05 Jan 1612 Christina von Holstein-Gottorp ....................... 1573-1625

(-regent)

16 Nov 1632 - 16 Jun 1654 Vasa, Kristina ....................................... 1626-1689

16 Nov 1632 - 15 Apr 1633 Axel Oxenstjerna, friherre till Södermöre

(Regent for Kristina)

16 Jun 1654 - 23 Feb 1660 von Simmern, Carl X .................................. 1622-1660

23 Feb 1660 - 15 Apr 1697 von Simmern, Carl XI ................................. 1655-1697

23 Feb 1660 - 28 Dec 1672 Hedvig Eleonore von Holstein Gottorp ................. 1636-1715

(Queen regent for Carl XI)

15 Apr 1697 - 11 Dec 1718 von Simmern, Carl XII ................................ 1682-1718

11 Dec 1718 - 04 Apr 1720 von Simmern, Ulrike Eleonora ......................... 1688-1741

04 Apr 1720 - 05 Apr 1751 Hesse-Cassel, Frederik ............................... 1676-1751

05 Apr 1751 - 12 Feb 1771 Holstein-Gorttop, Adolf Frederik ..................... 1710-1771

12 Feb 1771 - 29 Mar 1792 Holstein-Gorttop, Gustaf III ......................... 1746-1792

29 Mar 1792 - 10 May 1809 Holstein-Gorttop, Gustaf IV Adolf .................... 1778-1837

10 May 1809 - 05 Feb 1818 Holstein-Gorttop, Carl XIII .......................... 1748-1818

(Regent from 13 Mar 1809)

05 Feb 1818 - 08 Mar 1844 Bernadotte, Carl XIV Johan ........................... 1763-1844

(Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte)

08 Mar 1844 - 08 Jul 1859 Bernadotte, Oscar I .................................. 1799-1859

08 Jul 1859 - 18 Sep 1872 Bernadotte, Carl XV Ludvig ........................... 1826-1872

(Regent from 25 Sep 1857)

18 Sep 1872 - 08 Dec 1907 Bernadotte, Oscar II ................................. 1829-1907

08 Dec 1907 - 29 Oct 1950 Bernadotte, Oscar Gustaf V ........................... 1858-1950

29 Oct 1950 - 15 Sep 1973 Bernadotte, Gustaf VI Adolf .......................... 1882-1973

15 Sep 1973 - Bernadotte, Carl XVI Gustaf .......................... 1946-

 

 

Prime Ministers

20 Mar 1876 - 19 Apr 1880 Louis Gerard De Geer ................................. 1818-1896

19 Apr 1880 - 13 Jun 1883 Arvid Rutger Frederiksson Posse ...................... 1820-1901

13 Jun 1883 - 16 May 1884 Carl Johan Thyselius ................................. 1811-1897

16 May 1884 - 06 Feb 1888 Oscar Robert Themptander ............................. 1844-1897

06 Feb 1883 - 12 Oct 1889 Didrik Anders Gillis Bildt ........................... 1820-1894

12 Oct 1889 - 10 Jul 1891 Baron Johan Gustaf Nils Samuel Åkerhielm ............. 1833-1910

10 Jul 1891 - 12 Sep 1900 Erik Gustaf Bernhard Boström ......................... 1842-1907

(1st Time)

12 Sep 1900 - 05 Jun 1902 Fredrik Wilhelm von Otter ............................ 1852-1935

05 Jun 1902 - 13 Apr 1905 Erik Gustaf Bernhard Boström (2nd Time)

13 Apr - 02 Aug 1905 Johan Olof Ramstedt .................................. 1852-1935

02 Aug - 08 Nov 1905 Christian Lundeberg .................................. 1842-1911

08 Nov 1905 - 29 May 1906 Karl Albert Staaff ................................... 1860-1915

(1st Time)

29 May 1906 - 07 Oct 1911 Salomon Arvid Achates Lindman ........................ 1862-1936

(1st Time)

07 Oct 1911 - 16 Feb 1914 Karl Albert Staaff (2nd Time)

16 Feb 1914 - 30 Mar 1917 Knut Hjalmar Leonard Hammerskjöld .................... 1862-1953

30 Mar - 19 Oct 1917 Carl Johan Gustaf Swartz ............................. 1858-1926

19 Oct 1917 - 10 Mar 1920 Nils Edén ............................................ 1871-1945

10 Mar - 27 Oct 1920 Karl Hjalmar Branting ................................ 1860-1925 SAP

(1st Time)

27 Oct 1920 - 23 Feb 1921 Gerhard Louis de Geer af Finspång .................... 1854-1935

23 Feb - 13 Oct 1921 Oscar Fredrik von Sydow .............................. 1873-1936

13 Oct 1921 - 29 Apr 1923 Karl Hjalmar Branting (2nd Time)

29 Apr 1923 - 19 Oct 1924 Ernst Tygger ......................................... 1857-1943

19 Oct 1924 - 25 Jan 1925 Karl Hjalmar Branting (3rd Time)

25 Jan 1925 - 06 Jun 1926 Rickard Johannes Sandler ............................. 1884-1964 SAP

06 Jun 1926 - 30 Sep 1928 Carl Gustaf Ekman .................................... 1872-1945

(1st Time)

01 Oct 1928 - 06 Jun 1930 Salomon Arvid Achates Lindman (2nd Time)

06 Jun 1930 - 06 Aug 1932 Carl Gustaf Ekman (2nd Time)

06 Aug - 26 Sep 1932 Felix Teodor Hamrin .................................. 1875-1937

26 Sep 1932 - 19 Jun 1936 Per Albin Hansson .................................... 1885-1946 SAP

(1st Time)

19 Jun - 28 Sep 1936 Axel Alarik Pehrsson-Brampton ........................ 1883-1954

28 Sep 1936 - 06 Oct 1946 Per Albin Hansson (2nd Time)

06 Oct - 10 Oct 1946 Bo Östen Undérn ...................................... 1886-1974 SAP

10 Oct 1946 - 14 Oct 1969 Tage Fritiof Erlander ................................ 1901-1985 SAP

14 Oct 1969 - 07 Oct 1976 Sven Olof Joachim Palme .............................. 1927-1986 SAP

(1st Time)

07 Oct 1976 - 13 Oct 1978 Nils Olof Thorbjörn Fälldin (1st Time) ............... 1926-2016 SAP

13 Oct 1978 - 09 Oct 1979 Stig Kjell Olof Ullsten .............................. 1931-

09 Oct 1979 - 07 Oct 1982 Nils Olof Thorbjörn Fälldin (2nd Time)

07 Oct 1982 - 28 Feb 1986 Sven Olof Joachim Palme (2nd Time)

28 Feb 1986 - 03 Oct 1991 Göster Ingvar Carlsson (1st Time) .................... 1934- SAP

03 Oct 1991 - 07 Oct 1994 Nils Daniel Carl Bildt ............................... 1949- MS

07 Oct 1994 - 21 Mar 1996 Göster Ingvar Carlsson (2nd Time)

21 Mar 1996 - 06 Oct 2006 Hans Göran Persson ................................... 1949- SAP

06 Oct 2006 - 03 Oct 2014 John Fredrik Reinfelt ................................ 1965- MS

03 Oct 2014 - Kjell Stefan Löfven .................................. 1957- SAP

 

 

CP=Centerpartiet (Center Partie, liberal, agrarian).

FP=Folkpartiet liberalerna (Liberals People's Party, Liberalism).

KD=Kristdemokraterna (Christian democratic).

MP=Miljöpartiet de Gröna (The Green Party, Environmental).

MS=Moderata samlingspartiet (Moderate Party, Liberal conservatism).

SAP=Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti (Swedish Social Democratic Party, Social democratic).

SD=Sverigedemokraterna (Swedish Democrats, Swedish nationalism, right-wing populism).

V=Vänsterpartiet (The Left Party, Socialist).

 

Style of the Monarch: Sveriges Konung (Swedish King), Lat: Rex Sueciae. From 1905 to 1973

Med Guds Nåde, Sveriges, Götes och Vendes Konungm (With God's Grace, Swedish, Gothic and Wendish King).

From 1814 to 1905 the monarch was also King of Norway and before 1809 Grand Duke of Finland.

 

Orders: Order of the Seraphim (dormant for Swedish citizans).

Order of the Sword (dormant).

Order of the Polar Star (dormant for Swedish citizans).

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