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Monaco

6 Century BC Phocean Greek colony of Monoikos ('One House'),

referring to the local Temple of Hercules

Part of the Roman Empire

476 AD Part of the Ostrogoth kingdom

c. 600 Part of Lombardia and the Frankish realm

1174 Sold to Genoa

02 Jul 1191 Granted to Genoa by Empeor Heinrich VI.

08 Jan 1271 - 19 Jan 1793 Grimaldi family rule

10 Apr 1301 - 12 Sep 1331 Genoese rule

19 Nov 1346 Grimaldis acquire Lordship of Menton

19 Dec 1448 - 25 Feb 1489 Under Savoy

20 Feb 1512 France recognises independence of Monaco

07 Jun 1524 - 14 Sep 1641 Protectorate of Spain

14 Sep 1641 - 19 Jan 1793 Principality of Monaco under French protectorate

08 Jun 1688 State Sovereignty declared

14 Feb 1793 - 30 May 1814 Annexed by France

17 Jun 1814 - Principality of Monaco restored

20 Nov 1815 - 17 Jun 1860 Protectorate of Sardinia

21 Mar 1848 Menton and Roquebrune declare indpendence, ceded to Sardinia Jun 1848

17 Jul 1860 - 24 Oct 2002 Under protectorate of France

16 Nov 1942 - 08 Sep 1943 Italian occupation

08 Sep 1943 - 03 Sep 1944 German occupation

Government: Monarchy.

Capital: Monte Carlo.

Language: French, Monagasque, Italian.

Religion: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish.

National Anthem: "A Marcia de Muneghu" (The March of Monaco).

National: Motto: Deo Juvante (With Gods Help).

National Day: Prince's Day, 19th November.

EU Accession: No.

Currency: Euro, (Monegasque Franc 1837-2001).

 

 

Note: In this record names of the Grimaldi rulers are recorded in Italian

with French in parentheses until after 1860 when this is reversed. Monaco

began as an Italophone state before becoming Francophone in the nineteenth

century when France annexed the surrounding area and made Monaco a protectorate.

Lords

... - 920 Guido

920 - 940 Grimaldus

08 Jan 1297 - 10 Apr 1301 Grimaldi, Francesco ................... 12..-1309

08 Jan 1297 - 10 Apr 1301 Grimaldi, Ranieri I (Rainier I) ....... 1267-1314

12 Sep 1331 - 15 Aug 1357 Grimaldi, Carlo I .................... 13..-1357

29 Jun 1352 - 15 Aug 1357 Grimaldi, Antonio ..................... 1300-1358

(co-ruler)

29 Jun 1352 - 15 Aug 1357 Grimaldi, Rainieri II ................. 1330-1407

(co-ruler)

19 Dec 1395 - 05 Nov 1402 Grimaldi, Luigi di Monaco

05 Jun 1419 - 1427 Grimaldi, Ambrose di Montone

05 Jun 1419 - 1427 Grimaldi, Antonio di Roccabruna

1427 - 08 May 1454 Grimaldi, Giovanni I .................. 1382-1454

08 May 1454 - Jul 1457 Grimaldi, Catalano .................... 1422-1457

Jul 1457 - 16 Mar 1458 Grimaldi, Claudina (Claudine) ......... 1451-1515

16 Mar 1458 - Mar 1494 Grimaldi, Lamberto .................... 1420-1494

Mar 1494 - 11 Oct 1505 Grimaldi, Giovanni II ................. 1468-1505

11 Oct 1505 - 22 Aug 1523 Grimaldi, Luciano (Lucien) ............ 1468-1505

22 Aug 1523 - 07 Oct 1581 Grimaldi, Onorato I (Honoré I) ........ 1522-1581

22 Aug 1523 - 23 Apr 1532 Augusti Grimaldi, Bishop de Grasse .... 1487-1523

(regent)

07 Oct 1581 - 17 May 1589 Grimaldi, Carlo II .................... 1555-1589

17 May 1589 - 29 Nov 1604 Grimaldi, Ercole (Hecules) ............ 1562-1604

29 Nov 1604 - 14 Sep 1641 Grimaldi, Onorato II (Honoré II) ...... 1597-1662

29 Nov 1604 - 1616 Prince Frederico Landi

de Valdetare (regent)

Princes

14 Sep 1641 - 10 Jan 1662 Grimaldi, Onorato II (Honoré II) ...... s.a

10 Jan 1662 - 03 Jan 1701 Grimaldi, Luigi I (Louis I) ........... 1642-1701

03 Jan 1701 - 20 Feb 1731 Grimaldi, Antonio II (Antoine II) ..... 1661-1731

20 Feb - 29 Dec 1731 Grimaldi, Louise Ippolita ............. 1697-1731

21 Feb 1731 - 07 Nov 1733 Jacques François Léonor Goÿon

de Matignon (Giacomo) ................ 1689-1751

20 May 1732 - 28 Nov 1784 Antonio, Chevalier di Grimaldi ........ 1697-1784

(Regent for Onorato III)

07 Nov 1733 - 19 Jan 1793 Grimaldi, Onorato III (Honoré III) .... 1720-1795

President of the National Convention

19 Jan - 24 Feb 1793 Joseph Barriera Haîné (Giuseppe Barriera)

Princes

30 May 1814 - 16 Feb 1819 Grimaldi, Onorato IV (Honoré IV) ...... 1758-1819

(in Paris)

17 Jun 1814 - 04 Mar 1819 Council of State

- Joseph Marie Grimaldi ................. 1763-1816

- Louis Millo-Terrazzani

- Horace Pretti de Saint-Ambroise

- Antoine Sigaldi

- Joseph Rey

- Honoré Albini

- Prince Honoré

16 Feb 1819 - 02 Oct 1841 Grimaldi, Onorato V (Honoré V) ........ 1778-1841

02 Oct 1841 - 20 Jun 1856 Grimaldi, Florestano (Florestan) ...... 1785-1856

20 Jun 1856 - 10 Sep 1889 Grimaldi, Carlo III (Charles III) ..... 1818-1889

10 Sep 1889 - 26 Jun 1922 Grimaldi, Albert I (Alberto I) ........ 1848-1922

26 Jun 1922 - 09 May 1949 Grimaldi, Louis II (Luigi II) ......... 1870-1949

09 May 1949 - 06 Apr 2005 Grimaldi, Rainier III (Ranieri III) ... 1923-2005

06 Apr 2005 - Grimaldi, Albert II (Alberto II) ...... 1958-

 

Ministers of State

01 Feb 1911 - 31 Dec 1917 Émile Flach ........................... 1860-1959

01 Jan 1918 - 19 Feb 1919 Georges Jaloustre ..................... 1875-1922

19 Feb 1919 - 11 Aug 1923 Raymond Joseph Marie Le Bourbon ....... 1861-1937

11 Aug 1923 - Jan 1932 Louis Éugene Maurice Piette ........... 1871-1953

Jan - 08 Jun 1932 Honoré Louis César Mauran

(acting, 1st Time)

08 Jun 1932 - 23 May 1937 Maurice Bouilloux-Lafont .............. 1875-1937

23 May - 10 Aug 1937 Honoré "Henri" Louis César Mauran

(acting, 2nd Time)

10 Aug 1937 - 30 Sep 1944 Émile Henri Roblot .................... 1886-1963

01 Oct - 20 Nov 1944 Pierre Blanchy

(acting, 1st Time)

20 Nov 1944 - 31 Dec 1948 Pierre-Charles-Octave de Witasse ...... 1878-1956

04 Jan - 12 Jul 1949 Pierre Blanchy

(acting, 2nd Time)

12 Jul 1949 - 31 Jul 1950 Jacques Léon Rueff .................... 1896-1978

01 Aug 1950 - 02 Sep 1953 Pierre Jean Paul Voizard .............. 1896-1982

02 Sep - 15 Nov 1953 Pierre Blanchy

(acting, 3rd Time)

15 Nov 1953 - 12 Feb 1959 Henri Soum ............................ 1899-1983

12 Feb 1959 - 23 Jan 1962 Émile Amédée Pelletier ................ 1898-1975

23 Jan 1962 - 16 Aug 1963 Pierre Blanchy

(acting, 4th Time)

16 Aug 1963 - 31 Dec 1966 Jean-Émile André Reymond .............. 1912-1986

01 Jan 1967 - 31 Mar 1969 Paul Demange .......................... 1906-1970

01 Apr 1969 - 24 May 1972 François-Didier Gregh ................. 1906-1992

24 May 1972 - 01 Jul 1981 André Saint-Mleux ..................... 1920-2012

01 Jul 1981 - 16 Sep 1985 Jean Lucien Émile Herly ............... 1929-1998

16 Sep 1985 - 16 Feb 1991 Jean Jacques Charles Ausseil .......... 1925-2001

16 Feb 1991 - 02 Dec 1994 Jacques Pierre Dupont ................. 1929-2002

02 Dec 1994 - 03 Feb 1997 Paul Charles Louis Dijond ............. 1938-

03 Feb 1997 - 31 Dec 1999 Michel Lévêque ........................ 1933-

01 Jan 2000 - 31 May 2005 Patrick André Leclercq ................ 1938-

01 Jun 2005 - 30 Mar 2010 Jean-Paul Proust ...................... 1940-2010

30 Mar 2010 - 16 Dec 2015 Michel Roger .......................... 1949-

16 Dec 2015 - 01 Feb 2016 Gilles Tonelli ........................ 1957-

(interim)

01 Feb 2016 - Serge Telle ........................... 1955-

 

 

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