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Nepal

185 - 1484 Kingdom of Nepal

1484 - 1768 Divided in to four Kindoms

25 Sep 1768 Unification under the Gurkha dynasty

1789 Kingdom of Mustang annexed

15 Mar 1816 - 21 Dec 1923 Defacto British protectorate

1996 - 2006 Civil War

15 Jan 2007 State of Nepal

28 Dec 2007 Declaration of a Republic

28 May 2008 - Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Kingdom of Nepal

Monarchs

185-... Jayadeva I

Varsavarma

Kuberavarma

Harivarma

Siddhivarma

Haridattavarma

Vasudattavarma

Sripativarma

Sivavrdhivarma

Vasantavarma

Supusavarma

400-425 Visvadeva

425-450 Sankaradeva

450-464 Dharmadeva

464-505 Manadeva I

505-506 Mahideva I

506-532 Vasandtadeva I

532-538 Manudeva

538-545 Ramadeva

545-555 Amaradeva

555-560 Gunakamadeva

560-565 Ganadeva

567-573 Gangadeva

573-575 Manadeva II

590-604 Sivardeva I

604-621 Amuvarma

621-624 Uayadeva

624-625 Dhruvadeva

631-633 Bhimarjunadeva I

633-640 Visnugupta

640-641 Bhimarjunadeva II

643-679 Narendradeva

694-705 Sivadeva II

713-733 Jayadeva II

748-749 Sankaradeva

749-756 Manadeva III

826-847 Balarjunadeva

847-877 Baladeva

877-879 Manadeva IV

879-900 Raghavadeva

900-910 Jayadeva II

910-930 Vikramadeva

930-940 Narendradeva I

940-970 Gunakamadeva

970-1000 Udayadeva

1000-1008 Nirbhayadeva

1008-1015 Rudradeva

1015 Bhoja

1015-1039 Lakshmikamadeva

1039-1046 Jayakamadeva

1046-1059 Bhaskaradeva

1059-1064 Baladeva

1064-1066 Pradyumnakamadeva

1066-1068 Nagfarjunadeva

1068-1080 Shankaradeva

1080-1090 Vamadeva

1090-1118 Harshadeva

1118-1128 Shivadeva

1128-1130 Indradeva

1130-1134 Manadeva

1134-1146 Narendradeva II

1146-1169 Anandedeva

1169-1176 Rudradeva II

1176-1181 Amritadeva

1181-1183 Ratnadeva

1183-1187 Somesvaradeva

1187-1193 Gunakamadeva II

1193-1196 Lakishmikamadeva II

1196-1201 Vijayakamadeva

1201-1216 Arimalladeva

1216 Ranasura

1216-1235 Abhayamalla

1235-1258 Jayadevamalla

1258-1271 Jayabhimadeva

1271-1274 Jayasimhamalla

1274-1310 Anantamalla

1310-1347 Jayanandadeva

1320-1344 Jayarimalla

1347-1361 Jayarajadeva

1361-1382 Jayarjunamalla

1382-1395 Jayasthitimalla

1395-1408 Jayadharmanalla

1395-1403 Jayakitimalla

1395-1428 Jayajyotimalla

1428-1482 Jayakshamalla

Kings of Bhaktapura

1482-1519 Malla, Rayamalla I

1519-1547 Malla, Pranamalla

1547-1560 Malla, Vishvamalla

1560-1613 Malla, Trailokyamalla

1613-1637 Malla, Jagatjyotimalla

1637-1644 Malla, Naresamalla

1644-1673 Malla, Jagatprakasamalla

1673-1696 Malla, Jitamitramalla

1696-1722 Malla, Bhupatiindramalla

1722-1769 Malla, Ranjitamalla

Kings of Gurkha

1494 - 1559 Gurkha, Raja Yaso Brahma Shah

1559 - 1570 Gurkha, Drabja Shah

1570 - 1605 Gurkha, Purendra Shah

1605 - 1609 Gurkha, Raja Chartra Shah

1609 - 1633 Gurkha, Raja Rama Shah

1633 - 1645 Gurkha, Raja, Damba Shah

1645 - 1661 Gurkha, Raja Krishna Shah

1661 - 1673 Gurkha, Raja Rudra Shah

1673 - 1716 Gurkha, Raja Prithvipathi Shah

1716 - 1743 Gurkha, Raja Nara Bhupal Shah

28 Sep 1743 - 25 Sep 1768 Gurkha, Prithivinarayana Saha ................. 1722-1775

Kings of Kantipura

1482-1520 Malla, Ramamalla

1520-1530 Malla, Surymalla

1530-1538 Malla, Amaramalla

1538-1560 Malla, Narendramalla

1560-1574 Malla, Mahendramalla

1574-1583 Malla, Sadashivamalla

1578-1620 Malla, Shivasimhamalla

1620-1641 Malla, Lakshminarasimhamalla

1641-1674 Malla, Pratapamalla

1674-1680 Malla, Jayanripendramalla

1680-1687 Malla, Bhupendramalla

1687-1700 Malla, Jayabhupalendramalla

1700-1722 Malla, Jayabhaskaramlla

1722-1734 Malla, Jayajagajjayamalla

1734-1746 Malla, Jayaprakasmalla (1st Time)

1746-1752 Malla, Jayajyotiprakasamalla

1752-1769 Malla, Jayaprakasmalla (2nd Time)

Kings Lalitapura

1620-1661 Malla, Jayasiddhinaraimhamalla

1661-1684 Malla, Jayasrinivasamalla

1684-1705 Malla, Jayayoganarendramalla

1705-1706 Malla, Jayalokaprakasamalla

1706-1709 Malla, Jayendramalla

1709 Malla, Jayamahendramalla (1st Time)

1709 Malla, Jayaviranarasimhamalla

1709-1714 Malla, Jayamahendramalla (2nd Time)

1714-1717 Malla, Jayariddhinarasimhamalla

1717-1722 Malla, Jayabhaskaramalla

1722-1729 Malla, Jayayogaprakasmalla

1729-1745 Malla, Sri Jayavishnumalla

1745-1758 Malla, Jayarajyaprakasamalla

1758-1760 Malla, Jayavisvajitmalla

1760-1762 Malla, Jayaprakasamalla (1st Time)

1762-1763 Malla, Jayaranajitmalla

1763-1764 Malla, Jayaprakasamalla (2nd Time)

1764-1765 Saha, Dalamardana

1765-1769 Malla, Jayatejanaranasimhamalla

Kings of Nepal

25 Sep 1768 - 11 Jan 1775 Gurkha, Prithivi Narayan ...................... 1722-1775

(King of Nepal from 1769)

11 Jan 1775 - 17 Nov 1777 Gurkha, Sinha Pratap Shah Deva ................ 1751-1777

27 Nov 1777 - 23 Mar 1799 Gurkha, Rana Bahardur Shah Deva ............... 1775-1806

23 Mar 1799 - 20 Nov 1816 Gurkha, Girvan Yuddah Bikram Shah Deva ........ 1797-1816

20 Nov 1816 - 17 May 1847 Gurkha, Rajendra Bikram Shah Deva ............. 1813-1881

12 May 1847 - 17 May 1881 Gurkha, Surendra Bikram Shah Deva ............. 1829-1881

17 May 1881 - 11 Dec 1911 Gurhka, Prithivi Bir Bikram Shah Deva ......... 1875-1911

11 Dec 1911 - 07 Nov 1950 Gurkha, Tribhuvana Bir Bikram Shah Deva ....... 1906-1955

(1st Time)

07 Nov 1950 - 07 Jan 1951 Gurkha, Gyandra Bir Bikram Shah Deva .......... 1947-

(1st Time)

07 Jan 1951 - 14 Mar 1955 Gurkha, Tribhuvana Bir Bikram Shah Deva

(2nd Time)

14 Mar 1955 - 31 Jan 1972 Gurhka, Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva ......... 1920-1972

31 Jan 1972 - 01 Jun 2001 Gurkha, Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva ......... 1945-2001

01 Jun - 04 Jun 2001 Gurkha, Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva ......... 1971-2001

04 Jun 2001 - 28 Dec 2007 Gurkha, Gyandra Bir Bikram Shah Deva

(2nd Time, suspended from 15 Jan 2007)

 

Prime Ministers

1799 - 1804 Damaodar Pande

1804 - 25 Apr 1806 Rana Bahadur Shah Deva

25 Apr 1806 - 1837 Bhimsen Thapa ................................. 1775-1839

1837 Rana Jang Pande (1st Time)

1837 - 1838 Ranga Nath Poudyal (1st Time)

1838 - 1839 Puskar Shah ................................... 1784-1841

1839 - 1840 Ranga Nath Poudyal (2nd Time)

Nov 1840 - Jan 1843 Fateh Jang Chautaria (1st Time) ............... 1805-1846

28 Nov 1843 - 17 May 1845 Madhabar Singh Thapa .......................... 1798-1845

Sep 1845 - 14 Sep 1846 Fateh Jang Chaitaria (2nd Time)

15 Sep 1846 - 01 Aug 1856 Jang Bahadur Kunwar Rana (1st Time) ........... 1817-1877

01 Aug 1856 - 25 May 1857 Bam Bahadur Kunwar Rana ....................... 1818-1857

25 May - 28 Jan 1857 Krishna Bahadur Kunwar Rana ................... 1823-1863

(acting)

28 Jun 1857 - 25 Feb 1877 Jang Bahadur Kunwar Rana (2nd Time)

27 Feb 1877 - 22 Nov 1885 Ranaudip Singh ................................ 1825-1885

22 Nov 1885 - 05 Mar 1901 Bir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana ................ 1852-1901

05 May - 27 Jun 1901 Deva Shamsher Jang Bahadar Rana ............... 1862-1914

27 Jun 1901 - 26 Nov 1929 Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadar Rana ............ 1863-1929

26 Nov 1929 - 01 Sep 1932 Bhim Shamsher Jang Bahadar Rana ............... 1865-1932

01 Sep 1932 - 29 Nov 1945 Juddah Shamsher Jang Bahadar Rana ............. 1875-1952

29 Nov 1945 - 30 Apr 1948 Padma Shamsher Jang Bahadar Rana .............. 1882-1961

01 May 1948 - 12 Nov 1951 Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadar Rana .............. 1885-1967

12 Nov 1951 - 14 Aug 1952 Matrika Prasad Koirala ........................ 1912-1997

(1st Time)

14 Aug 1952 - 15 Jun 1953 Royal Rule

15 Jun 1953 - 14 Apr 1955 Matrika Prasad Koirala (2nd Time)

14 Apr 1955 - 27 Jan 1956 Royal Rule

27 Jan 1956 - 26 Jul 1957 Tanka Prasad Acharya .......................... 1912-1992

26 Jul - 15 Nov 1957 Kunwar Indrajit Singh ......................... 1906-1982

15 May 1958 - 27 May 1959 Subarna Shamsher Rana ......................... 1909-1977

27 May 1959 - 15 Dec 1960 Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala .................... 1914-1982

15 Dec 1960 - 02 Apr 1963 Royal Rule

26 Dec 1960 - 23 Dec 1963 Tulsi Giri

(First Minister)

23 Dec 1963 - 26 Feb 1964 Surya Bahadur Thapa(1st Time)

26 Feb 1964 - 26 Jan 1965 Tulsi Giri (2nd Time)

26 Jan 1965 - 07 Apr 1969 Surya Bahadur Thapa (2nd Time)

07 Apr 1969 - 13 Apr 1970 Kirti Nidhi Bista (1st Time)

13 Apr 1970 - 14 Apr 1971 Royal Rule

13 Apr 1970 - 14 Apr 1971 Gehendra Bahadur Rajbhandari .................. 1923-

(First Minister)

14 Apr 1971 - 16 Jul 1973 Kirti Nidhi Bista (2nd Time)

16 Jul 1973 - 30 Nov 1975 Nagendra Prasad Rijal (1st Time) .............. 1927-1994

01 Dec 1975 - 12 Sep 1977 Tulsi Giri (2nd Time)

12 Sep 1977 - 30 May 1979 Kirti Nidhi Bista (3rd Time)

30 May 1979 - 12 Jul 1983 Surya Bahadur Thapa (3rd Time)

12 Jul 1983 - 21 Mar 1986 Lokendra Bahadur Chand (1st Time)

21 Mar - 15 Jun 1986 Nagendra Prasad Rijal (2nd Time)

15 Jun 1986 - 06 Apr 1990 Marich Man Singh Shrestha ..................... 1942-2013

06 Apr - 19 Apr 1990 Lokendra Bahadur Chand (2nd Time)

17 Apr 1990 - 26 May 1991 Krishna Prasad Bhattarai ...................... 1924-2011 NCP

(1st Time)

26 May 1991 - 30 Nov 1994 Girija Prasad Koirala ......................... 1925-2010 NCP

(1st Time)

30 Nov 1994 - 12 Sep 1995 Man Mohan Adhikari ............................ 1920-1999 CPN-ML

12 Sep 1995 - 12 Mar 1997 Sher Bahadur Deuba ............................ 1946- NCP

(1st Time)

12 Mar - 07 Oct 1997 Lokendra Bahadur Chand (2nd Time)

07 Oct 1997 - 15 Apr 1998 Surya Bahadur Thapa (4th Time)

15 Apr 1998 - 31 May 1999 Girija Prasad Koirala (2nd Time)

31 May 1999 - 22 Mar 2000 Krishna Prasad Bhattarai (2nd Time)

22 Mar 2000 - 26 Jul 2001 Girija Prasad Koirala (3rd Time)

26 Jul 2001 - 04 Oct 2002 Sher Bahadur Deuba (2nd Time)

11 Oct 2002 - 05 Jun 2003 Lokendra Bahadur Chand (3rd Time)

05 Jun 2003 - 03 Jun 2004 Surya Bahadur Thapa (2nd Time)

03 Jun 2004 - 01 Feb 2005 Sher Bahadur Deuba (3rd Time)

30 Apr 2006 - 18 Aug 2008 Girija Prasad Koirala (4th Time)

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Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Government: Federal Republic.

Capital: Kathmandu.

Language: Nepali, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu.

Religion: Hindu, Buddhist.

National Anthem: "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka" (Hundreds of Flowers).

National Emblem: Mount Everest, Rhododendrons (adopted 2006).

National Day: Republic Day, 28th May (2008).

National Motto: Mother and motherland are dearer than the heavens.

Currency: Nepalese Rupee.

 

Presidents

15 Jan 2007 - 23 Jul 2008 Girija Prasad Koirala ......................... 1925-2010 NCP

(Acting Head of State)

23 Jul 2008 - 28 Oct 2015 Dr. Ram Baran Yadav ........................... 1947- NCP

28 Oct 2015 - Bidhya Devi Bhandari .......................... 1961- CPN-ML

 

 

Prime Ministers

18 Aug 2008 - 25 May 2009 Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda .................. 1954- UCPN

(1st Time)

25 May 2009 - 03 Feb 2011 Madhav Kumar Nepal ............................ 1953- CPN-ML

03 Feb - 29 Aug 2011 Jhala Nath Khanal ............................. 1950- CPN-ML

29 Aug 2011 - 14 Mar 2013 Baburam Bhattarai ............................. 1954- CPN-M

14 Mar 2013 - 10 Feb 2014 Khilraj Regmi ................................. 1949-

10 Feb 2014 - 11 Oct 2015 Sushil Koirala ................................ 1939-2016 NCP

11 Oct 2015 - 04 Aug 2016 Khagda Prasad Sharma Oli ...................... 1952- UCPN

04 Aug 2016 - 07 Jun 2017 Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda .................. s.a UCPN

(2nd Time)

07 Jun 2017 - Sher Bahadur Deuba ............................ s.a NCP

 

 

CPN-M=Communist Party of Nepal-Moaist

CPN-ML=Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist)

FSU=United Left Front (United Communist)

NCP=Nepalese Congress Party (Leftist)

UCPN-M=United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

RJP=National Peoples Council (Centrist)

RPP=National Democratic Party (Conservative)

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Mustang

1350 - 2008 Kingdom of Mustang

1789 Inclusion in to Nepal

07 Oct 2008 Kingdom abolished

Kings

1350 - 1380 dMag-dpon Shres-rab bla-ma

1380 - 1425 dPon-Po Tshang Chos-Skyong-bum

1440 - 1447 Chos-rgyal Ama-dPal bzang-po rgyal mtshan

Lo rGyal-po

1442 - 1482 Chos-rgyal bKra-shis bzang-po

1482 - 1513 Chos-rgyal bKra-shis-mgon Lo rGyal-po

1513 - 1544 A-ham mGon-po rgyal-Myshan Grags-pa-mtha-yas,

Lo rGyal-pro

1560 - 1570 Chos-rgyal A-ham rGyal hor-dpal-bzang-po

1570 - 1580 A-ham bSod-nams bKra-shis od-bar Lo rGyal-po

1580 - 1594 A-ham Don-grub-rDo-rje Lo rGyal-po

1594 - 1609 A-ham A-mgon-grub rDo-rje Lo rGyal-po

1609 - 1655 A-ham A-mgon dSam-grub rab-brtan phyogs thams

cad-las rman rgyal-ba Lo rGyalpo

1655 - 1710 A-ham Sa-dbang dSam-grub dPal-bar Lo rGyal-po

1710 - 1723 A-ham Tshe bdang Ihum-grub Lo rGyal-po

1723 - 1728 A-ham bKra-shis rnam-rgyal, Lo rGyal-po

1728 - 1760 Among bSod-nams bsTan-dzin dbang-rgyal Lo rGyal-po

1760 - 1797 A-ham, Lo rGyal-po

1797 - 1815 Aham bKra-shis snying-po phyogs-las-mam-par-rGyal-bai

sde Lo rGyal-po

1815 - 1837 A-ham Jam-bpal-dgra-dul

1837 - 1857 A-ham Kun-dga-nor-bu Lo rGyal-po

1857 - 1863 A-ham Jam dbyang dbang dus rGyal-po

1863 - 1893 A-ham dNgos-grub-dpal-dbar

1893 - 1935 A-ham Jam dbyangs rgyal-mtshan, Lo rGyal-po

1935 - 1955 A-ham bsTan-dzin Jam dpal dgra-drul ........... 1923-1964

(1st Time)

1955 - 1958 A-ham dBang-dus snying-po, Lo rGyal-po

1958 - 1964 A-ham bsTan-dzin Jam dpal dgra-drul

(2nd Time)

Jan 1964 - 07 Oct 2008 A-ham Jigs-med dpal'bar, LorGyal-po ........... 1930-2016

 

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Lambjang and Kaski

05 May 1848 Hereditary title bestowed upon the Head of the Rana family

18 Feb 1951 Title abolished

Maharajas

1740 - 1767 Ashiram Kunwar

05 May 1848 - 25 Feb 1877 Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi 1817-1877

Sri Sri Sri Jang Bahdur Kunwar Ranaji

25 Feb 1877 - 22 Nov 1885 Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi 1825-1885

Sri Sri Sri Ranaudip Singh Bahadur

22 Nov 1885 - 05 Mar 1901 Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi 1852-1901

Sri Sri Sri Maharaja Bir Shamsher

05 Mar - 27 Jun 1901 Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi 1862-1914

Sri Sri Sri Deva Shumshre Jang Bahadur

27 Jun 1901 - 26 Nov 1929 Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi 1863-1929

Sri Sri Sri Chandra Shumshre Jang Bahadur

26 Nov 1929 - 01 Sep 1932 Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyrtyadi 1865-1932

Sri Sri Sri Bhim Shamsher Jang Bahadur

01 Sep 1932 - 29 Nov 1945 Sri Sri Sri Juddha Shamsher Jang Bahadur ..... 1875-1952

29 Nov 1945 - 30 Apr 1948 Sri Sri Sri Padma Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana . 1882-1961

30 Apr 1948 - 18 Feb 1951 Sri Sri Sri Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana . 1885-1967

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©2005