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Romania

... - 106 BC Kingdom of Dacia

552 - 899 Kingdom of Ghepids

1290 Principality of Wallechia

1310 Principality of Moldova

1541 Moldavia and Walachia vassles of the Ottoman Empire

May 1600 - 09 Aug 1601 Mihai I of Wallachia unites Moldavia, Transylvania and Wallachia

1611 - 09 May 1877 Under Ottoman protectorate

05 Feb 1859 Union of the Danubian Principalities

23 Dec 1861 United Rumanian Principalities

09 May 1877 Independence from Ottoman Empire

26 Mar 1881 Kingdom of Rumania

06 Dec 1916 - 29 Nov 1918 Southern Rumania under Austro-Hungarian and German occupation

09 Apr 1918 Bessarabia incorporated into Rumania

01 Jan 1919 Bukovina incorporated into Rumania

11 Jan 1919 Transylvania incorporated into Rumania

27 Jun 1940 Bessarabia and Bukovina annexed by the USSR

30 Aug 1940 - 11 Mar 1945 Transilvania restored to Hungary

07 Sep 1940 Southern Dobruja ceded to Bulgaria

25 Jul 1941 - 24 Aug 1944 Bessarabia and Bukovina restored to Rumania

31 Aug 1944 - 10 Feb 1947 Soviet occupation

30 Dec 1947 People's Republic of Rumania

21 Aug 1965 Socialist Republic of Romania

1966 English spelling officially changed to Romania

30 Dec 1989 - România (Romania)

01 Jan 2007 Accession to the EU

Late Antiquity Romania

Kings of Dacia

Zalmoxis

Moskon

Dromichaetes

Rubobostes

Oroles

200-397 Rhemaxos

Dicomes

Rholes

Dapyx

Cotiso

Zyraxes

70-44 Burebista

44 Charnadon

44-28 Comosicus

Coson

68-87 Duras

87-106 Decebal

Kings of the Arvars

552-562 Kandik

562-602 Bayan I

602-617 Bayan II

Kings of the Ghepids

729-730 Surakat

791-795 Yugurus

795-803 Kajid Tundun

803-813 Zodan

813-814 Theodorius

814-830 Abraham

830-835 Isaac Tundun

835-899 Kursan

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Kingdom of Romania

Capital: Bucharest.

Government: Monarchy.

Language: Romanian, Hungarian, Ukrainian, German.

Religions: Romanian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Protestant.

National Anthem: Trǎiascǎ Regele (Long live the King).

National Motto: Nihil Sine Deo (Nothing without God).

Currency: Leu.

 

 

Prince-Dominator of the Danuban Principalities

05 Feb 1859 - 23 Dec 1861 Cuza, Alexandru Ion ................................ 1820-1873

Princes

23 Dec 1861 - 23 Feb 1866 Cuza, Alexandru Ion ................................ s.a

23 Feb - 22 May 1866 Princely Lieutenancy

- Nicolae Constantin Golescu ......................... 1810-1878

- Lascar Stefan Catargiu ............................. 1823-1899

- Nicolae Constantin Haralambie ...................... 1835-1908

22 May 1866 - 26 Mar 1881 Hohenzollen, Carol I ............................... 1839-1914

Kings

26 Mar 1881 - 10 Oct 1914 Hohenzollen, Carol I ............................... s.a

10 Oct 1914 - 20 Jul 1927 Hohenzollen, Ferdinand I ........................... 1865-1927

(in Jasst 03 Dec 1916 - 01 Dec 1918)

20 Jul 1927 - 08 Jun 1930 Hohenzollen, Mihai I (1st Time) .................... 1921-

20 Jul 1927 - 08 Jun 1930 Regency

- Prince Nicolae of Rumania .......................... 1903-1978

- Patriarch Miron Cristea ............................ 1868-1939

- Gheorghe Buzdugan .................................. 1867-1929

(to 07 Oct 1929)

- Constantin Sǎrateanu ............................... 1882-1935

(from 07 Oct 1929)

08 Jun 1930 - 06 Sep 1940 Hohenzollen, Carol II .............................. 1893-1953

06 Sep 1940 - 30 Dec 1947 Hohenzollen, Mihai I (2nd Time)

 

 

Prime Ministers

23 Dec 1861 - 15 Feb 1862 Alexandru Constantin Moruzi ........................ 1805-1873

15 Feb - 08 Jun 1862 Baru Catargiu ...................................... 1807-1862

08 Jun - 24 Jun 1862 Apóstolos Arsákis ................................. 1792-1874

24 Jun 1862 - 24 Oct 1863 Nicolae Cretzulescu (1st Time) ..................... 1812-1900

24 Oct 1863 - 26 Jan 1865 Mihail Kogǎlniceanu ................................ 1817-1891

26 Jan - 14 Jun 1865 Constantin Bosianu ................................. 1815-1882

14 Jun 1865 - 15 Jul 1866 Nicolae Cretzulescu (2nd Time)

24 May - 24 Jul 1866 Lascǎr Stefan Catargiu ............................. (s.a)

15 Jul - 16 Jul 1866 Constantin Alexandru Rosetti ....................... 1816-1885

24 Jul 1866 - 13 Mar 1867 Prince Ion Ghica (1st Time) ........................ 1817-1898

13 Mar - 26 Nov 1867 Constantin Alexandru Cretulescu .................... 1809-1884

26 Nov 1867 - 12 May 1868 Stefan Golescu ..................................... 1809-1874

12 May - 28 Nov 1868 Nicolae Constantin Golescu

28 Nov 1868 - 14 Nov 1870 Prince Dimitrie Ghica .............................. 1816-1897

14 Nov - 01 May 1870 Alexandru Gheorghe Golescu ......................... 1819-1881

01 May - 26 Dec 1870 Manolache Costache Epureanu (1st Time) ............. 1824-1880

26 Dec 1870 - 24 Mar 1871 Prince Ion Ghica (2nd Time)

24 Mar 1871 - 17 Apr 1876 Lascǎr Catargiu (2nd Time)

17 Apr - 06 May 1876 Emanoil Ion Florescu ............................... 1819-1893

06 May - 05 Aug 1876 Manolache Costache Epureanu (2nd Time)

05 Aug 1876 - 19 Apr 1881 Ion Constantin Brǎtianu (1st Time) ................. 1821-1891

19 Apr - 21 Jun 1881 Dumitru Constanin Bratianu ......................... 1818-1892

21 Jun 1881 - 13 Apr 1888 Ion Constantin Brǎtianu (2nd Time)

13 Apr 1888 - 11 Apr 1889 Theodor Rosetti .................................... 1837-1923

11 Apr 1889 - 02 Mar 1891 Gheorghe Manu ...................................... 1833-1911

02 Mar - 29 Dec 1891 Manolache Costache Epureanu (3rd Time)

29 Dec 1891 - 15 Oct 1895 Prince Ion Ghica (3rd Time)

15 Oct 1895 - 02 Dec 1896 Prince Dimitrie Alexandru Strudza-Miclǎusanu ....... 1832-1913

(1st Time)

02 Dec 1896 - 12 Apr 1897 Petrie Stefan Aurelian ............................. 1833-1909

12 Apr 1897 - 23 Apr 1899 Dimitrie Alexandru Strudza-Miclǎusanu

(2nd Time)

23 Apr 1899 - 19 Jul 1900 Count Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino ................. 1832-1913

19 Jul 1900 - 27 Feb 1901 Count Petre Petrache Carp (1st Time) ............... 1837-1919

27 Feb 1901 - 04 Jan 1906 Dimitrie Alexandru Strudza-Miclǎusanu

(3rd Time)

04 Jan 1906 - 24 Mar 1907 Count Printul Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino

(2nd Time)

24 Mar 1907 - 09 Jan 1909 Dimitrie Alexandru Strudza-Miclǎusanu

(4th Time)

09 Jan 1909 - 14 Jan 1911 Ion Ionel Constantin Bratianu ...................... 1864-1927

(1st Time)

14 Jan 1911 - 10 Apr 1912 Count Petre Petrache Carp (2nd Time)

14 Jan 1912 - 15 Jan 1914 Titu Liviu Maiorescu ............................... 1840-1817

15 Jan 1914 - 09 Feb 1918 Ion Ionel Constantin Brǎtianu

(2nd Time)

09 Feb - 15 Mar 1918 Alexandru Averescu (1st Time) ...................... 1859-1938

15 Mar - 24 Oct 1918 Alexandru Maghiloman ............................... 1854-1925

24 Oct - 14 Dec 1918 Constantin Coandǎ .................................. 1857-1932

14 Dec 1918 - 01 Oct 1919 Ion Ionel Constantin Brǎtianu

(3rd Time)

01 Oct - 09 Dec 1919 Artur Vǎitoianu .................................... 1864-1956

09 Dec 1919 - 19 Mar 1920 Alexandru Vaida-Voievod ............................ 1872-1950

19 Mar 1920 - 18 Dec 1921 Alexandru Averescu (2nd Time)

18 Dec 1921 - 19 Jan 1922 Dumitru Tache Ionescu .............................. 1858-1922

19 Jan 1922 - 30 Mar 1926 Ion Ionel Constantin Brǎtianu

(4th Time)

30 Mar 1926 - 04 Jun 1927 Alexandru Averescu (3rd Time)

04 Jun - 21 Jun 1927 Barbu Alexandru Stirbei ............................ 1872-1946

21 Jun - 24 Nov 1927 Ion Ionel Constantin Brǎtianu

(5th Time)

24 Nov 1927 - 11 Nov 1928 Vintilǎ Ion Constantin Brǎtianu .................... 1867-1930

11 Nov 1928 - 08 Jun 1930 Iuliu Maniu (1st Time) ............................. 1873-1953

10 Oct 1930 - 19 Apr 1931 Gheorghe Grigori Mironescu ......................... 1874-1949

19 Apr 1931 - 06 Jun 1932 Nicolae N. Iorga ................................... 1871-1940

06 Jun - 19 Oct 1932 Alexandru Averescu (3rd Time)

19 Oct 1932 - 14 Jan 1933 Iuliu Maniu (2nd Time)

14 Jan - 14 Nov 1933 Alexandru Averescu (4th Time)

14 Nov - 29 Dec 1933 Ion Gheorghe Duca .................................. 1879-1933

29 Dec 1933 - 03 Jan 1934 Constantin Angelescu ............................... 1869-1948

03 Jan 1934 - 28 Dec 1937 Gheorghe Ion Tǎtǎrascu (1st Time) .................. 1886-1957

28 Dec 1937 - 11 Feb 1938 Octavian Goga ...................................... 1881-1938

11 Feb 1938 - 06 Mar 1939 Patriach Miron Elie Cristea of All Romania ......... 1868-1939

06 Mar - 21 Sep 1939 Armand Cǎlinescu ................................... 1893-1939

21 Sep - 28 Sep 1939 Gheorghe Argesanu .................................. 1883-1940

28 Sep - 24 Nov 1939 Constantin Argetoianu .............................. 1870-1952

24 Nov 1939 - 04 Jul 1940 Gheorghe Tǎtarǎscu (2nd Time)

04 Jul - 04 Sep 1940 Ion Gigurtu ........................................ 1886-1959

04 Sep 1940 - 23 Aug 1944 Ion Victor Antonescu ............................... 1882-1946

(Conducǎtor 'Leader' of Romania)

27 Aug - 02 Dec 1944 Constantin Sǎnǎtescu ............................... 1885-1947

02 Dec 1944 - 06 Mar 1945 Nicolae Rǎdescu .................................... 1874-1953

06 Mar 1945 - 30 Dec 1947 Dr. Petru Adam Groza ............................... 1884-1958

________________________________________________________________________________________

Socialist Republic of Romania

30 Dec 1947 People's Republic of Romania

21 Aug 1965 Socialist Republic of Romania

General Secretary of the Romanian Workers Party

Aug 1944 - 20 Apr 1954 Gheorghe Tanase Gheorghiu-Dej ...................... 1901-1965

First Secretaries of the Romanian Workers Party

20 Apr 1954 - 30 Sep 1955 Gheorghe Apostol ................................... 1913-2010

30 Sep 1955 - 19 Mar 1965 Gheorghe Tanase Gheorghiu-Dej (2nd Time)

General Secretary of the Communist Party of Romania

19 Mar 1965 - 22 Dec 1989 Nicolae Andruta Ceausescu .......................... 1918-1989

 

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Grand National Assembly

09 Jan 1948 - 02 Jun 1952 Dr. Constantin Ion Parhon .......................... 1874-1969

02 Jun 1952 - 07 Jan 1958 Dr. Petru Adam Groza ............................... 1884-1958

11 Jan 1958 - 21 Mar 1961 Ion Gheorghe Iosif Maurer .......................... 1902-2000

Presidents of the State Committee

21 Mar 1961 - 19 Mar 1965 Gheorghe Tanase Georghiu-Dej ....................... (s.a)

24 Mar 1965 - 09 Dec 1967 Chivu Stoica ....................................... 1908-1975

09 Dec 1967 - 28 Mar 1974 Nicolae Andruta Ceausescu .......................... (s.a)

President

28 Mar 1974 - 22 Dec 1989 Nicolae Andruta Ceausescu .......................... (s.a)

22 Dec - 30 Dec 1989 Council of National Salvation Front

 

Chairmen of the Council of Ministers

30 Dec 1947 - 02 Jun 1952 Dr. Petru Adam Groza ............................... (s.a)

02 Jun 1952 - 02 Oct 1955 Gheorghe Tanase Gheorghiu-Dej ...................... (s.a)

02 Oct 1955 - 21 Mar 1961 Chivu Stoica ....................................... (s.a)

21 Mar 1961 - 29 Mar 1974 Ion Gheorghe Iosif Maure ........................... (s.a)

29 Mar 1974 - 29 Mar 1979 Manea Mǎnescu ...................................... 1916-2009

29 Mar 1979 - 21 May 1982 Ilie Verdet ........................................ 1925-2001

21 May 1982 - 22 Dec 1989 Constantin Dǎscǎlescu .............................. 1923-2003

________________________________________________________________________________________

Republic of Romania

Government: Republic.

Capital: Bucharesti.

Language: Romanian, Hungarian, German, Bulgarian, Serbian.

National Anthem: "Desteaptate Romane" (Wake up Romanians).

National Emblem: Gold Eagle.

National Day: 1st December Unification day (1918), 9th May independence day, from Turkey (1877).

National Motto: None: Formerly, Nihil Sine Deo(Nothing without God).

EU Accession: 1st January 2007.

Currency: Leu.

 

Presidents

30 Dec 1989 - 30 Nov 1996 Ion Iliescu ........................................ 1930-

01 Dec 1996 - 20 Dec 2000 Emil Ion Constantinescu ............................ 1939-

20 Dec 2000 - 20 Dec 2004 Ion Iliescu (2nd Time)

20 Dec 2004 - 20 Dec 2014 Traian Dumitru Bǎsescu ............................. 1951-

20 Apr - 23 May 2007 Nicolae Vǎcǎriou ................................... 1943-

(acting for suspended Basescu)

10 Jul - 28 Aug 2012 Gheorghe-Crin-Laurentiu Antonescu .................. 1959-

(acting for suspended Babescu)

20 Dec 2014 - Klaus Werner Iohannis .............................. 1959-

 

 

Prime Ministers

26 Dec 1989 - 01 Oct 1991 Petre Roman ........................................ 1946-

01 Oct 1991 - 04 Nov 1992 Theodor Dumitru Stolojan ........................... 1943-

04 Nov 1992 - 12 Dec 1996 Nicolae Vǎcǎroui ................................... (s.a)

12 Dec 1996 - 30 Mar 1998 Victor Ciobea ...................................... 1954-

30 Mar - 17 Apr 1998 Gavril Dejeu ....................................... 1932-

17 Apr 1998 - 14 Dec 1999 Radu Vasile ........................................ 1942-2013

14 Dec - 22 Dec 1999 Alexandru Athanasiu ................................ 1955-

22 Dec 1999 - 28 Dec 2000 Constantin Mugur Isǎrescu .......................... 1949-

28 Dec 2000 - 21 Dec 2004 Adrien Nǎstase ..................................... 1950-

29 Dec 2004 - 22 Dec 2008 Cǎlin-Constantin-Anton Popescu-Tǎriceanu ........... 1952-

22 Dec 2008 - 06 Feb 2012 Emil Boc ........................................... 1966-

06 Feb - 09 Feb 2012 Cǎtǎlin Marian Prediou ............................. 1968-

(interim)

09 Feb - 07 May 2012 Mihai Rǎzvan Ungureanu ............................. 1968-

07 May 2012 - 05 Nov 2015 Victor-Viorel Ponta ................................ 1972-

05 Nov - 17 Nov 2015 Sorin Mihai Cîmpeanu ............................... 1968-

(interim)

17 Nov 2015 - 04 Jan 2017 Dacian Julien Cioloş ............................... 1969-

04 Jan 2017 - Sorin Grindeanu .................................... 1973-

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

Moldova

c.1247 - 23 Dec 1861 Principality of Maldavia

26 Sep 1387 Under Polish suzerainty

09 Jun 1456 - 1471 Ottoman tributary

12 Jul 1475 - 1479 Under Hungarian suzerainty

1479 - 1485 Ottoman tributary

15 Sep 1485 - 1489 Under Polish suzerainty

Jun 1541 - 09 May 1877 Vassal of the Ottoman Empire

May 1600 - 09 Aug 1601 United with Wallachia

14 Sep 1739 - 16 Sep 1854 Intermittent Russian occupation

28 May 1812 Bessarabia annexed by Russia

19 Aug 1854 - 25 Mar 1856 Austrian occupation

05 Feb 1859 United with Wallachia

23 Dec 1861 To Romania thereafter

Princes

1247 Olaha

12.. Costea

1352 - 1354 Litovoi, Dragoș Vodă

1354 - 1358 Litovoi, Sas

1358 - 1359 Litovoi, Bâlc

1359 - 1365 Muşat, Bogdan I "Întemeietorul"

1365 - 1373 Muşat, Latcu

1367 - 1368 Muşat, Petru I

(co-ruler)

1373 - 1375 Muşat, Costea

1375 - 1391 Muşat, Petru II Muşat

1391 - 1394 Muşat, Roman I

1394 - 1399 Muşat, Stefan I

28 Nov 1399 - 29 Jun 1400 Muşat, Iuga (Gheorghe)

29 Jun 1400 - 01 Jan 1432 Muşat, Alexandru I "cel Bun"

02 Aug 1414 - 02 Nov 1433 Muşat, Ilias I

(co-ruler to 01 Jan 1432)

Sep 1434 - 04 Aug 1435 Muşat, Stefan II (1st Time)

04 Aug 1435 - 01 Aug 1442 Muşat, Ilias I

(2nd Time, co-ruler)

May 1444 - 1445 Muşat, Petru III

(1st Time, co-ruler)

05 Aug 1445 - 13 Jul 1447 Muşat, Stefan II (2nd Time)

Apr - Jul 1447 Muşat, Petru III (2nd Time)

13 Jul 1447 - 23 Feb 1448 Muşat, Roman II

23 Feb - 10 Oct 1448 Muşat, Petru III (3rd Time)

10 Oct - Dec 1448 Csupor de Monoszló

(acting)

Dec 1448 - 12 Oct 1449 Muşat, Alexǎndru II (1st Time)

12 Oct 1449 - 17 Oct 1451 Muşat, Bogdan II

17 Oct 1451 - 24 Feb 1452 Muşat, Petru VI Aron (1st Time)

24 Feb 1452 - 24 Aug 1454 Muşat, Alexǎndru II (2nd Time)

22 Aug 1454 - 08 Feb 1455 Muşat, Petru III Aron (2nd Time)

08 Feb - 25 May 1455 Muşat, Alexǎndru (3rd Time)

25 May 1455 - 12 Apr 1457 Muşat, Petru III (3rd Time)

14 Apr 1457 - 02 Jul 1504 Muşat, Stefan III "cel Mare"

02 Jun 1504 - 20 Apr 1517 Muşat, Bogdan III

20 Apr 1517 - 14 Jan 1527 Muşat, Stefan IV

20 Jan 1527 - 18 Sep 1538 Muşat, Petru V Rares (1st Time)

18 Sep 1538 - 20 Dec 1540 Muşat, Stefan V "Lǎcustǎ"

20 Dec 1540 - 19 Feb 1541 Muşat, Alexandru III Cornea

19 Feb 1541 - 03 Sep 1546 Muşat, Petru V (2nd Time)

03 Sep 1546 - 11 Jun 1551 Muşat, Ilias II

11 Jun 1551 - 01 Sep 1552 Muşat, Stefan VI

04 Sep - 12 Sep 1552 Ion I Joldea

12 Sep 1552 - 30 Nov 1561 Muşat, Alexandru IV Lǎpusneanu (1st Time)

18 Nov 1561 - 09 Nov 1563 Irakleidis, Ion II Iacob

(Iaonnis Iakovos Irakleidis)

08 Aug 1563 - 10 Mar 1564 Ștefan VII Tomșa

(Stefan VII Tomża; in distance to 09 Nov 1563)

10 Mar 1564 - 09 Mar 1568 Muşat, Alexandru IV Lǎpusneanu (2nd Time)

09 Mar 1568 - 15 Feb 1572 Muşat, Bogdan IV Lǎpusneanu

09 Mar 1568 - 21 Nov 1570 Ruxandra Lăpușneanu

(regent)

15 Feb 1572 - 11 Jun 1574 Muşat, Ioan III "cel Cumplit"

11 Jun 1574 - 23 Nov 1577 Drăculești, Petru VI "Schiopul (1st Time)

23 Nov - 31 Dec 1577 Pidkova, Ion IV Potcoavǎ

(Ivan Pidkova)

01 Jan 1578 - 21 Nov 1579 Drăculești, Petru VI (2nd Time)

21 Nov 1579 - 28 Aug 1582 Weiss, Ion (Iancu) V "Sasul"

(Jürgen Weiss)

17 Oct 1583 - 19 Aug 1591 Drăculești, Petru VI (3rd Time)

26 Dec 1591 - 25 Jun 1592 Muşat, Aron "Tiranul" (1st Time)

25 Jun - Aug 1592 Muşat, Alexandru V "cel Rǎu"

Aug - 24 Oct 1592 Muşat, Petru VII "Cazacul"

24 Oct 1592 - 03 May 1595 Muşat, Aron "Tiranul" (2nd Time)

03 May - 01 Sep 1595 Rǎzvan, Stefan VIII (1st Time)

01 Sep 1595 - 16 May 1600 Movilesti, Ieremia I (1st Time)

16 May - 09 Aug 1600 Drăculești, Mihai I "Viteazul"

09 Aug 1601 - 10 Jul 1606 Movilesti, Ieremia I (2nd Time)

10 Jul 1606 - 24 Sep 1607 Movilesti, Simon (1st Time)

24 Sep - Oct 1607 Movilesti, Mihai II

Dec 1607 - Nov 1611 Movilesti, Constantin I

20 Nov 1611 - 22 Nov 1615 Tomsa, Stefan IX (1st Time)

22 Nov 1615 - 02 Aug 1616 Movilesti, Alexandru III

24 Jun 1616 - 09 Feb 1619 Drăculești, Radu I Mihnea (1st Time)

09 Feb 1619 - 20 Sep 1620 Gaspar Grazziani

20 Sep 1620 - 15 Oct 1621 Muşat, Alexandru IV (1st Time)

15 Oct 1621 - Aug 1623 Tomsa, Stefan VIII (2nd Time)

04 Aug 1623 - 20 Jan 1626 Drăculești, Radu I Mihnea (2nd Time)

13 Jan 1626 - Jul 1629 Barnovschi-Movilǎ, Miron I (1st Time)

30 Aug 1629 - 28 Apr 1630 Coconul, Alexandru III The Child

28 Apr 1630 - Nov 1631 Movilǎ, Moise I (1st Time)

05 Dec 1631 - 27 Apr 1633 Llias, Alexandru IV (2nd Time)

Apr - 02 Jul 1633 Barnovschi-Movilǎ, Miron I (2nd Time)

02 Jul 1633 - 27 Apr 1634 Movilǎ, Moise I (2nd Time)

27 Apr 1634 - 13 Apr 1653 Lupu, Vasile

13 Apr 1653 - 13 Mar 1658 Stefan, Gheorghe I

13 Mar 1658 - 02 Nov 1659 Ghica, Gheorghe II

02 Nov - 20 Nov 1659 Seban, Constantin II

01 Dec 1659 - 29 Sep 1661 Lupu, Stefan VIII

29 Sep 1661 - 11 Sep 1665 Dabjia, Eustratie

11 Sep 1665 - 24 May 1666 Duca, Gheorghe III (1st Time)

21 May 1666 - 08 Nov 1668 Llian, Alexandru V

08 Nov 1668 - 10 Aug 1672 Duca, Gheorghe III (2nd Time)

20 Aug 1672 - 20 Nov 1673 Petriceicu, Stefan IX (1st Time)

20 Nov 1673 - Dec 1675 Cantacuzino, Dumitraecu I (1st Time)

Dec 1675 - Feb 1674 Petriceicu, Stefan IX (2nd Time)

Feb 1674 - 10 Nov 1675 Cantacuzino, Dumitraecu I (2nd Time)

10 Nov 1675 - 06 Dec 1678 Ruset, Antonie I

06 Dec 1678 - 25 Dec 1683 Duca, Gheorghe III (3rd Time)

25 Dec 1683 - 29 Mar 1684 Petriceicu, Stefan IX (3rd Time)

29 Mar 1684 - Jun 1685 Cantacuzino, Dumitraecu I (3rd Time)

25 Jun 1685 - 27 Mar 1693 Cantemir, Constantin III

Apr 1693 - 18 Dec 1695 Duca, Constantin IV (1st Time)

18 Dec 1695 - 25 Sep 1700 Cantemir, Antioh II

25 Sep 1700 - 26 Jun 1703 Duca, Constantin IV (2nd Time)

Sep 1703 - 23 Feb 1705 Racovitǎ, Mihai III Ion (1st Time)

23 Feb 1705 - 31 Jul 1707 Duca, Constantin IV (3rd Time)

31 Jul 1707 - 05 Feb 1710 Buhus, Ion II

05 Feb - 04 Dec 1710 Mavrocordat-Scarlati, Nicolae I Alexandru

(1st Time)

04 Dec 1710 - 22 Jul 1711 Cantemir, Dimitrie I

19 Nov 1711 - 05 Jan 1716 Mavrocordat-Scarlati, Nicolae I Alexandru

(2nd Time)

05 Jan 1716 - 06 Oct 1726 Racovitǎ, Mihai III Ion (2nd Time)

07 Oct 1726 - 16 Apr 1733 Ghica, Grigore II (1st Time)

16 Apr 1733 - 27 Nov 1735 Mavrocordat-Scarlati, Constantin V (1st Time)

27 Nov 1735 - 24 Sep 1741 Ghica, Grigore II (2nd Time)

24 Sep 1741 - 31 Jul 1743 Mavrocordat-Scarlati, Constantin V (2nd Time)

01 Aug 1743 - May 1747 Mavrocordat-Scarlati, Ion IV Nicolae

May 1747 - Apr 1748 Ghica, Grigore II (3rd Time)

Apr 1748 - 31 Aug 1749 Mavrocordat-Scarlati, Constantin V (3rd Time)

01 Sep 1749 - 03 Jul 1753 Racovitǎ, Constantin VI (1st Time)

03 Jul 1753 - 19 Feb 1756 Ghica, Matei I Grigore

19 Feb 1756 - 13 Mar 1757 Racovitǎ, Constantin VI (2nd Time)

14 Mar 1757 - 14 Aug 1758 Ghica, Scarlet I Grigore

14 Aug 1758 - 06 Jun 1761 Callimachi, Ion Teodor I

08 Jun 1761 - 29 Mar 1764 Callimachi, Grigore III (1st Time)

29 Mar 1764 - 03 Feb 1767 Ghica, Grigore IV (1st Time)

03 Feb 1767 - 14 Jun 1769 Callimachi, Grigore III (2nd Time)

30 Jun - 15 Dec 1769 Mavrocordat-Scarlati, Constantin V (4th Time)

14 Oct 1774 - 12 Oct 1777 Ghica, Grigore IV (2nd Time)

12 Oct 1777 - 09 Jun 1782 Moruzi, Constantin VII

09 Jun 1782 - 12 Jan 1785 Mavrocorgat, Alexandru VI

12 Jan 1785 - 14 Dec 1786 Mavrocorgat, Alexandru VII

14 Dec 1786 - 19 Apr 1788 Ipsilanti, Alexandru VIII

Mar 1792 - 10 Jan 1793 Moruzi, Alexandru IX (1st Time)

10 Jan 1793 - 06 May 1795 Sutu, Mihai V

06 May 1795 - 18 Mar 1799 Callimachi, Alexandru X

18 Mar 1799 - 10 Jul 1801 Ipsilanti, Constantin VIII

10 Jul 1801 - 01 Oct 1802 Sutu, Alexandru XI

09 Nov 1802 - 24 Aug 1806 Moruzi, Alexandru IX (2nd Time)

24 Aug - 15 Oct 1806 Callimachi, Scarlet II (1st Time)

15 Oct 1806 - 19 Mar 1807 Moruzi, Alexandru IX (2nd Time)

19 Mar - 05 Aug 1807 Hangerli, Alexandru XII

08 Sep 1812 - 02 Jul 1819 Callimachi, Scarlet II

24 Jun 1819 - 10 Apr 1821 Sutu, Mihai Grigore VI

10 Apr - Sep 1821 Ipsilanti, Alexandru XIII

12 Oct 1822 - 05 May 1828 Sturdza, Ion V Sandu

Apr 1834 - Jun 1849 Sturdza, Mihai VI ........................ 1795-1884

14 Oct 1849 - 30 Oct 1853 Ghica, Grigore Alexandru XV .............. 1803-1857

(1st Time)

14 Oct 1854 - 08 Jul 1856 Ghica, Grigore Alexandru XV (2nd Time)

23 Jul 1856 - 01 Mar 1857 Teodor Balu

01 Mar 1857 - 17 Oct 1859 Nicolae Vogoride ......................... 1820-1863

- Stefan Catatgiu

- Vasile Sturdza ........................... 1810-1867

- Ion Alexandru Cantacuzino

18 Jan 1859 - 23 Dec 1861 Alexandru Ion Cuza ....................... 1820-1873

Royal Resident of Prut

29 Aug 1938 - 23 Sep 1940 Mihai Negruzzi ........................... 1873-1958

Royal Residents of Suceava

29 Aug 1938 - 31 Jan 1939 Gheorghe Alexianu ........................ 1897-1946

01 Feb 1939 - 23 Sep 1940 Gheorghe cavaler de Flondor .............. 1892-1976

Prime Ministers

29 Jan - 18 Mar 1859 Vasile Constantin Sturdza

18 Mar - 27 Apr 1859 Prince Ion Dimitrie Ghica ................ 1817-1877

27 Apr 1859 - 30 Apr 1860 Emanoil Costache Ioan Epureanu ........... 1824-1880

30 Apr 1860 - 17 Jan 1861 Mihail Ilie Cogǎlniceanu ................. 1817-1891

17 Jan - 05 Oct 1861 Anastasie Panaiotache Panu ............... 1810-1867

05 Oct 1861 - 22 Jan 1862 Alexandru Constantin Moruzi .............. 1805-1873

14 Jan - 22 Jan 1862 Ioan Nicolae Cantacuzino-Mǎgureanu

(acting)

______________________________________________________________________________

Transylvania / Erdely / Siebenburgen

896 Magyars invade the area

1070 - 1170 Attached to the Hungarian Kingdom

1176 - 1540 Automous Pricipality under Hungary

12.. County of Burzenland established by German settlers

1427 - 16.. Burzenland under the Teutonic Order

24 Feb 1538 - 26 Jan 1699 Under Ottoman suzerainty

29 Feb 1538 - 16 Aug 1570 Eastern Kingdom of Hungary

29 Dec 1541 Under Habsburg rule

16 Aug 1570 Transylvania a elective Principality

May 1600 - 09 Aug 1601 Part of United Romanian Principalities

02 Nov 1765 Grand Principality of Transylvania under the Habsburg dynasty

29 May 1848 Hungary declares Transylvania incorporated into the Hungarian state

10 Jun 1849 Union with Hungary official

07 Feb 1867 Incorporated into the Kingdom of Hungary

1876 Rights of the Transylvanian Saxons abolished

01 Dec 1918 Independence form Hungary

11 Jan 1919 Incorporated into Rumania

04 Jun 1920 Ceded to Romania by Treaty of Trianon

30 Aug 1940 Hungarian areas ceded to Hungary

11 Mar 1945 Re-incorporated into Romania, de jure 15 Sep 1947

24 Sep 1952 - 24 Dec 1960 Hungarian Autonomous Region

24 Dec 1960 - 16 Sep 1968 Maros-Magyar Autonomous Region

16 Sep 1968 Autonomy revoked by Romania, region dissolved

Princes

8.. - 904 Gelou

904 - 9.. Töhötöm

950 - 9.. Gyula I

9.. - 1003 Gyula II

1003 - 10.. Zoltán

1003 - 1008 St. István

Voivodes

c.1110 Mercurius

1176 - 1199 Leustachius

1199 - 1200 Legforus

1200 - 1201 Eth

1201 Gyula I (1st Time)

1201 - 1209 Benedek

1206 Smaragd

1209 - 1211 Mihály

1211 - 1213 Bertold de Andechs-Meran

1213 Miklós I

1213 Gyula I (2nd Time)

1213 - 1215 Simeon

1215 - 1217 Hippolitus

1217 - 1218 Raphael

1218 - 1221 Néka

1221 - 1231 Pál

1231 - 1233 Gyula II

1233 - 1234 Dénes

1234 - 1235 Ándrás I

1235 - 1240 Posza

1242 - 1252 Lóránt

1261 Ereny Kos

1261 - 1270 Árpád, István II

1270 - 1272 Mátyás (1st Time)

1272 - 1273 Miklós II (1st Time)

1273 - 1274 János I

1274 - 1275 Miklós II (2nd Time)

1275 Ladislaus I Borsa

1275 - 1276 Urgin

1276 - 1277 Mátyás (2nd Time)

1277 Miklós III Pók (1st Time)

1278 - 1279 Aba

1280 István III

1281 - 1282 Roland Borsa (1st Time)

1283 Apor Becz

1284 - 1294 Roland Borsa (2nd Time)

1294 - 1315 Ladislaus II Khan

1315 - 1318 Miklós III Pók (2nd Time)

1318 - 1321 Dobreceni Dózsa

1322 - 1342 Thomás I Szecsényi

1342 - 1344 de Siroka, Miklós IV Sirokay

1344 - 1350 Lackfi, István IV

1350 Thomás II Csor

1350 - 1356 Ilocki, Nikola V Kont

1356 - 1359 Lackfi, Ándrás II

1360 - 1367 Lackfi, Dionys

1367 - 1368 Lackfi, Miklós IV

1368 - 1372 Lackfi, Emeric I

1373 - 1376 Lackfi, Miklós V

1376 - 1391 Ladislaus III

1391 - 1393 Ferenc de Szécsény

1393 - 1395 Emeric I Bebek

1395 - 1401 Scibor ze Sciborzyc (1st Time)

1401 - 1403 Miklós VI Csaki

- Miklós VII Csaki

1403 - 1409 János II Tamasi

- Iacob Lack de Szántó

1410 - 1414 Scibor ze Sciborzyc (2nd Time)

1415 - 1426 Miklós VI Csaki (2nd Time)

1426 - 1437 Ladislaus V Csaki

1437 - 1438 Péter I Cseh

1440 - 1441 Losonczi Dezsö

1441 Ladislaus V Jakcs

1441 - 1446 János III Hunyadi

1446 - 1447 Emeric II Bebek

- Nikola VIII Ilocki

May - Oct 1448 Emeric II Bebek

- János III Hunyadi

1449 - 1458 Ilocki, Nikola VIII (2nd Time)

1458 - 1460 Rozgonyi Sebestyén

1460 - 1461 Ilocki, Nikola VIII (3rd Time)

1461 - 1462 Ladislaus VI

1462 - 1465 Ilocki, Nikola VIII (4th Time)

- János IV Pongrácz

1465 - 1467 Zsigismond Szentgyörgy

- János V Szentgyörgy

1468 - 1476 János VI Pongrácz

1472 - 1475 Magyar Balázs

1477 - 1479 Péter I Gereb

1479 - 1493 Báthory, István VI

1493 - 1495 Ladislaus VII Losonczi

1495 - 1499 Drágfi, Bartolomeus

1499 - 1510 Péter III Szentgyörgy

1510 - 22 Jul 1540 Zápolya, János I

11 Nov 1526 - 1534 Péter IV Perény

1529 - 17 Mar 1534 Báthory, István VII

1531 - 1534 Laski, Hieronim Jaroslaw

1534 - 1541 István VIII Majláth

1536 - 1540 Emeric III Balassa

1542 - 1551 Giorgio Martinuzzi

1551 - 1552 Báthory, Ándrás III ecsedi

26 May 1553 - 26 Nov 1556 István IX báró Dobó de Ruszkai

- Ferenc Kendi

Princes

15 Sep 1559 - 14 Mar 1571 Szápolyai, János III Zsigmond

25 May 1571 - 12 Dec 1586 Báthory, István I de Somlyói

1575 - 20 Oct 1581 Báthory, Kristóf Báthory somlyói ................... 1530-1581

12 Dec 1586 - 21 Mar 1599 Báthory, Zsigmond I de Somlyói ..................... 1572-1613

21 Mar - 03 Nov 1599 Báthory, Ándrás I de Somlyói

21 Feb 1605 - 29 Dec 1606 Bocskal, István II de Bocskó et Kismarja ........... 1557-1606

22 Jan 1607 - 05 Mar 1608 Rákóczy, Zsigmond II de Felsövadász ................ 1544-1608

07 Mar 1608 - 22 Oct 1613 Báthory, Gábor I de Somlyói ........................ 1589-1613

23 Oct 1613 - 15 Nov 1629 Bethlen, Gábor II de Itkári ........................ 1580-1629

16 Nov 1629 - 21 Sep 1630 de Brandenburg, Katalin ............................ 1602-1649

28 Sep - 01 Dec 1630 István Bethlen Iktári .............................. 1584-1648

01 Dec 1630 - 11 Oct 1648 Rákóczy, György I de Felsövadász I ................. 1593-1648

11 Oct 1648 - 02 Nov 1657 Rákóczy, György II de Felsövadász II ............... 1621-1660

02 Nov 1657 - 14 Jan 1658 Rhédey, Ferenc I de Krisréde ....................... 1610-1667

07 Oct 1658 - 31 Dec 1660 Barcsay, Ákos I de Nagybarcsa ...................... 1619-1661

01 Jan 1661 - 22 Jan 1662 Kemény, János III de Gyerö-monoster ................ 1607-1662

15 Sep 1661 - 15 Apr 1690 Apafi, Mihály de Apa-nagyfalva I ................... 1632-1690

(in distance to 23 Jan 1662)

15 Apr 1690 - 01 Jun 1696 Apafi, Mihály de Apa-nagyfalva II .................. 1676-1713

25 Oct 1690 - 20 Oct 1699 Thököly, Imre I de Késmárka

(in opposition)

08 Jul 1704 - 14 Nov 1711 Rákóczy, Ferenc II Lipót de Felsövadászi III ....... 1676-1735

14 Nov 1711 - 20 Oct 1740 Habsburg, Károly József Ferenc

20 Oct 1740 - 02 Nov 1765 Habsburg, Mária Terézia

30 Dec 1867 - 21 Nov 1916 Habsburg, Ferenc Jószef ............................ 1830-1916

21 Nov 1916 - 31 Oct 1918 Habsburg, Károly ................................... 1887-1922

Governors

04 Dec 1690 - 15 Nov 1707 György gróf Bánffy de Losoncz I .................... 1661-1707

15 Nov 1707 - 10 Aug 1709 Rabutin de Bussy

(acting)

10 Aug 1709 - 02 May 1710 István gróf Haller de Hallerköi .................... 164.-1710

(President of the diet)

02 May 1710 - 31 Mar 1713 Istvan báró Wesselényi de Hadad .................... 1674-1734

(1st Time, President of the diet)

01 Apr 1713 - 15 Dec 1731 Zsigmund gróf Kornis de Gönczruszka ................ 1677-1731

15 Dec 1731 - Jul 1732 István báró Wesselényi de Hadad

(2nd Time, President of the diet)

Jul 1732 - 02 Dec 1734 Franz Anton Paul graf Wallis ....................... 1678-1737

02 Dec 1734 - 18 Oct 1755 János gróf Haller de Hallerkö ...................... 169.-1755

30 Dec 1755 - 06 Jul 1758 Franz Wenzel graf Wallis

(President of the Government)

06 Jul 1758 - 07 May 1762 László gróf Kemény de Gyerö-monostor ............... 1709-1774

(President of the Government)

07 May 1762 - 18 May 1764 Adolf Nikolaus freihrr von Buccow .................. 1712-1764

21 Jul 1764 - 20 Oct 1767 András gróf Hadik de Futaki ........................ 1710-1790

20 Oct 1767 - 28 Sep 1770 Carl Ó'Dónaill graf von Tyrconnel .................. 1715-1771

28 Sep 1770 - 13 Jan 1771 .....

13 Jan 1771 - 06 Jul 1774 Josef Maria Graf von Auersperg ..................... 1723-1806

06 Jul 1774 - 09 Jan 1787 Samuel Brekner, Freiherr von Brukenthal ............ 1721-1803

09 Jan 1787 - 05 Jul 1822 Gyorgy gróf Bánffy de Losonczi II .................. 1747-1822

11 Sep 1822 - 15 Oct 1834 János báró Jósika de Branyicskai ................... 1778-1843

05 Nov 1834 - 15 Aug 1840 János gróf Kornis de Gönczruszka ................... 1781-1840

08 Jan 1842 - 14 Nov 1848 Jószef gróf Teleki de Szék ......................... 1790-1855

14 Nov - 22 Dec 1848 Imre gróf Mikó de Hidvégi .......................... 1805-1876

(1st Time, president of the government)

22 Dec 1848 - 11 Jul 1849 Anton Freiherr von Puchner ......................... 1779-1852

(Commanding General in Transylvania)

11 Mar - 21 Jul 1849 Józef Zachariasz Bem ............................... 1794-1850

(Hungarian Commander of the Transylvanian army)

21 Jul - 26 Aug 1849 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Graf Lüders ................. 1790-1794

(Imperial Russian Commander)

11 Jul 1849 - 24 Feb 1851 Ludwig Baron Wohlgemuth ............................ 1788-1851

(Military governor)

24 Feb - 25 May 1851 József báró Kalliány kallyáni ...................... 1786-1859

(acting)

25 May 1851 - 25 Jun 1858 Karl Borromäus Fürst zu Schwarzenberg .............. 1802-1858

26 Jul 1858 - 23 May 1861 Friedrich Prinz von Lichtenstein ................... 1807-1885

10 Dec 1860 - 07 Dec 1861 Imre gróf Mikó de Hidvég

(2nd Time, president of the government)

07 Dec 1861 - 02 Apr 1867 Ludwig graf Folliot de Crenneville ................. 1813-1876

(president of the government)

Royal Commissioner

07 May 1867 - 01 Oct 1872 Emmanuel gróf Péchy Pécsujfalusi ................... 1813-1889

Presidents of the Romanian National Council

31 Oct - 01 Dec 1918 Stefan Cico-Pop .................................... 1865-1934

01 Dec - 02 Dec 1918 Gheorghe Pop de Basetsti ........................... 1835-1919

02 Dec 1918 - 04 Apr 1920 Iuliu Maniu ........................................ 1873-1953

Commissioner

Oct - 12 Nov 1944 Ionel Pop

Soviet Military Commander

21 Sep 1944 - 09 Apr 1945 Radion Yakovlevych Malinovskii ..................... 1898-1967

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Burzenland

1211 County of Burzenland

1211 - 1225 To the Teutonic Order

1225 Direct Hungarian rule restored

1240 - 1285 Mongol occupation

1429 - 1432 To Teutonic Order

1472 Transylvanian Saxons autonomous under Hungary

1526 - 1599 Under nominal Ottoman suzerainty

1780 - 1790 Autonomy abolished

1876 Autonomy and privileges revoked, symbolic title continues

1918 To Romania

Seat: Hermannstadt (Nagyszeben, Sibiu).

Counts

c.1277 Alard

1288 - 1300 Nikolaus von Rosenau

1309 - 1312 Gobelinus

1313 - 1316 Nikolaus

1316 - 1317 Blafnuz

1324 - 1327 Thomas

1327 Salamo

1337 - 1342 Jacobus

1346 Martinus

1347 - 1351 Michael

1357 Martin

1359 Konrad

1361 Gerhard

1365 Janus de Cibinio

1366 Konrad

1367 Andreas

1370 Johann

1371 Michael

1372 - 1383 Johann

1384 Jacobus

1385 - 1386 Johann

1387 - 1392 Jacobus

1393 - 1395 Johann

1406 Johann

1411 - 1429 Andreas

1429 - 1432 Klaus von Redewitz

1430 - 1432 Anton Trautenberger

1449 - 1455 Johann Lemmel

1456 - 1460 Petrus de Veresmont

1462 - 1463 Michael Zekel

1464 Nikolaus Ziglewr

1466 Petrus Greb de Veresmarth

1467 Ladislaus Kakas (1st Time)

1468 Nikolaus Aurifaber

1469 - 1480 Ladislaus Kakas (2nd Time)

1481 Thomas Altemberger

1487 Laurentius Sartor

1488 - 1506 Laurentius Haan

1507 - 1522 Johann Lulay

1522 - 1535 Markus Pemffinger

1536 - 1538 Matthias Armbruster

1538 Peter Gerendi

1539 - 1543 Georg Hotter

1544 - 1556 Johann Rott

1557 - 1577 August Hedwig

1577 - 1607 Albrecht Huet

1607 - 1612 Daniel Malmer

1613 David Weyrauch

1613 - 1633 Kolomann Gottsmeister

1634 - 1639 Valentin Seraphin

1640 - 1645 Michael Agnethler

1645 - 1649 Valentin Frank

1649 - 1661 Johann Lutsch

1661 - 1676 Andreas Fleischer

1676 - 1680 Matthais Semriger

1680 - 1683 Andreas Armbruster

1685 - 1686 Johann Haupt

1686 - 1697 Valentin Frank von Frankenstein

1698 - 1703 Jobst Zabanius Sachs von Harteneck

1710 - 1730 Andreas Teutsch

1731 - 1742 Simon Baußner von Baußnern

1745 - 1761 Stefan Waldhütter von Adelshausen

1768 - 1774 Samuel Baußner von Baußnern

1781 - 1784 Johann Cloos von Cronenthal

1790 - 1813 Freiherr Michael Brunkenthal

1816 - 1825 Johann von Tartier

1825 - 1845 Johann Wachsmann

1846 - 1852 Freiherr Franz Salmen

1861 - 1868 Konrad Schmidt

1868 - 1876 Moritz Conrad

1876 - 1883 Friedrich Wächter

1883 - 1886 Moritz von Brennerberg

1886 - 1891 Andreas Bethlen

1891 - 1910 Gustav Thalmann

1910 - 191. Friedrich Walbaum

191. - 1918 .....

_______________________________________________________________________________

Maramures

Princes

1320 - 1330 Codrea de Câmpulung

1330 - 1342 de Cuhea, Bogdan I of Moldova

(1st Time)

1343 - 1345 Oprea de Sǎpânta

1345 - 1355 Ioan de Cuheasi Rozavlea

1351 - 1355 de Maramures, Gyula

1355 - 1359 de Cuhea, Bogdan I of Moldova

(2nd Time)

1359 - 1365 de Cuhea, Stefan si Sǎliste

1365 - 1368 de Bedeu, Sas

1368 - 1387 de Bedeu, Balc (1st Time)

1387 - 1400 de Bedeu, Drag

1400 - 1402 de Bedeu, Balc (2nd Time)

1467 - 24 Nov 1494 Chinezu, Pál

_________________________________________________________________________________

Szekely Land

Counts of the Székelys

1228 Bogomér de Szoboszló

1291 Mojs

1294 - 1299 Péter Bo

1315 István Losonci

1315 - 1320 Tamás Losonci

1320 - 1327 Simon Kacsisc

1328 - 1343 Hermán Lackfi

1343 - 1350 András Lackfi

1352 - 1356 Lokös Tóth Raholcai

1356 - 1360 János Zsámboki

1363 - 1367 Miklós Lackfi

1367 - 1371 István Lackfi

1373 - 1376 László Losonci

1377 - 1380 Miklós Derencsényi

1380 - 1382 Miklós Perényi

1383 - 1385 Miklós Losonci

1387 - 1390 Balc Bélteki

1387 - 1390 Drág Bélteki

1390 János Bélteki

1390 - 1391 Simon Szécsényi

1391 - 1395 István Kanizsai

1395 - 1397 Ferenc Bebek

1397 - 1398 János Maróti

1397 - 1401 Péter Perényi

1402 - 1403 György Csáki

1402 - 1403 Dénes Marcali

1404 János Harapki

1405 - 1421 Mihály Nádasi

1423 - 1427 Péter Bebek

1427 - 1431 János Jakcs de Kusaly

1427 - 1438 Mihály Jakcs de Kusaly

1437 Henrik Tamási

1438 - 1440 Imre Bebek

1440 - 1441 István Bánfi de Losonc

1441 - 1446 János Hunyadi

1441 - 1446 Miklós Ujlaki

1446 - 1448 Ferenc Csáki

1449 - 1453 Rénold Rozgonyi

1449 - 1453 Osvát Rozgonyi (1st Time)

1454 Imre Hédervári

1455 Osvát Rozgonyi (2nd Time)

1454 - 1457 János Ország

1457 János Rozgonyi

1479 - 1488 Bertalan Drágffy Bélteki

________________________________________________________________________________

 

Magyar Autonomous Region

24 Sep 1952 Hungarian Autonomous Region

24 Dec 1960 Magyar Autonomous Region

16 Sep 1968 Autonomy revoked by Romania, region dissolved

First Secretaries of the Regional Committee of the Romanian Communist Party

24 Sep 1952 - 07 Jul 1961 Lájós Csupor ............................... 1911-1985

07 Jul 1961 - 21 Aug 1965 József Bánk ................................ 1921-2007

21 Aug 1965 - 19 Feb 1968 József Uglar ............................... 1920-2006

Presidents of the Regional People's Council

24 Sep 1952 - 1958 Pál Bugyi

1958 - 1959 Zoltán Szövérfi

1959 - 1962 László Lukács .............................. 1898-1963

1962 - 16 Feb 1968 Demeter Puni

________________________________________________________________________________

Țara Rumânească / Valahia (Wallachia)

c. 1240 Principality of Wallachia

Oct 1393 - 23 Sep 1403 Ottoman dependency

Mar 1427 - 02 Sep 1442 Ottoman dependency

Jun 1541 - 09 May 1877 Vassal of the Ottoman Empire

20 May 1595 Dec 1596 Dependenct of Transylvania

May 1600 - 09 Aug 1601 United with Maldavia

16 Nov 1769 - 05 Oct 1854 Intermittent Russian occupation

19 Aug 1854 - 25 Mar 1856 Austrian occupation

05 Feb 1859 United with Moldova

23 Dec 1861 To Romania thereafter

Princes

1240 - 1241 Bezerenbam

12?? - 1241 Miselav

1247 - 1273 Litovoi, Litovoi

1247 Litovoi, Seneslav

1273 - 1290 Litovoi, Bǎrbat

1290 - 1310 Litovoi, Tihomir I

1310 - 01 Sep 1351 Litovoi, Ioan Basarab I

01 Sep 1351 - 16 Nov 1364 Litovoi, Nicolae Alexandru

16 Nov 1364 - 07 Jun 1377 Litovoi, Vladislav I .............................. 1325-1377

07 Jun 1377 - 31 Aug 1385 Litovoi, Radu I "Negru" ........................... 132.-1385

31 Aug 1385 - 23 Sep 1386 Litovoi, Dan I

24 Sep 1386 - 31 Jan 1418 Litovoi, Mircea I "The Old"

21 Mar 1396 - 24 Jan 1397 Litovoi, Vlad I Uzurpatorul

31 Jan 1418 - 26 May 1420 Litovoi, Mihai I

26 May 1420 - 22 Oct 1422 Litovoi, Radu II

22 Oct 1422 - 24 Jan 1427 Litovoi, Dan II

14 Jun 1431 - 17 Nov 1436 Litovoi, Alexandru I Aldea ........................ 139.-1436

20 Jan 1437 - 03 Jul 1442 Litovoi, Vlad II Drǎcul (1st Time) ................ 1390-1447

03 Jul 1442 - 24 Apr 1444 Litovoi, Basarab II ............................... 13..-1458

24 Apr 1444 - 04 Dec 1447 Litovoi, Vlad II Drǎcul (2nd Time)

04 Dec 1447 - 17 Oct 1448 Litovoi, Vladislav II (1st Time) .................. 142.-1456

17 Oct - 31 Oct 1448 Litovoi, Vlad III Tepes ........................... 1431-1476

(1st Time; "The Impaler", "Dracula")

31 Oct 1448 - 20 Aug 1456 Litovoi, Vladislav II (2nd Time)

20 Aug 1456 - 26 Nov 1462 Litovoi, Vlad III Tepes (2nd Time)

26 Nov 1462 - 24 Nov 1473 Litovoi, Radu III "The Handsome" .................. 1438-1475

24 Nov - 23 Dec 1473 Litovoi, Basarab III cel Tânăr Țepeluș "The Elder" 142.-1480

(1st Time)

20 Oct 1474 - 10 Jan 1475 Litovoi, Basarab III (2nd Time)

01 Jun 1475 - 08 Nov 1476 Litovoi, Basarab III (3rd Time)

08 Nov 1476 - 10 Jan 1477 Litovoi, Vlad III Tepes (3rd Time)

10 Jan 1477 - 22 Dec 1480 Litovoi, Basarab IV "cel Tânăr" ................... 143.-1482

08 Jul - 16 Aug 1481 Litovoi, Vlad IV Cǎlugǎrul "The Monk" ............. 14..-1495

(1st Time)

09 Jan 1478 - 01 Jun 1480 Litovoi, Basarab III (4th Time)

01 Jun - 07 Nov 1480 Litovoi, Mircea II al Il-lea ...................... 143.-1480

(in distance)

07 Nov 1480 - 08 Jul 1481 Litovoi, Basarab III cel Tânăr Țepeluș

(5th Time)

08 Jul - 16 Aug 1481 Litovoi, Vlad IV Călugărul ........................ 14..-1495

16 Aug 1481 - 13 Jul 1482 Litovoi, Basarab III (6th Time)

13 Jul 1482 - 08 Sep 1495 Litovoi, Vlad IV (2nd Time)

08 Sep 1495 - 09 May 1508 Litovoi, Mihnea cel Rǎu

09 May 1508 - 29 Oct 1509 Litovoi, Radu VI "The Great" ...................... 1567-1509

29 Oct 1509 - 26 Jan 1510 Litovoi, Mircea III ............................... 148.-1521

26 Jan 1510 - 23 Jan 1512 Litovoi, Vlad V "The Younger" ..................... 1494-1512

23 Jan 1512 - 15 Sep 1521 Litovoi, Neagoe Basarb V .......................... 146.-1521

15 Sep 1521 - 22 Jan 1522 Litovoi, Teodosie I ............................... 1505-1522

27 Sep - 25 Oct 1521 Litovoi, Vlad VI Dragomir Cǎlugǎrul ............... 150.-1521

22 Jan 1522 - 25 Apr 1523 Litovoi, Radu V "de la Afumati" (1st Time) ........ 148.-1529

25 Apr - 19 Oct 1523 Litovoi, Vladislav III (1st Time)

19 Oct 1523 - 27 Jan 1524 Litovoi, Radu V Bǎdica

27 Jan - 20 Mar 1524 Litovoi, Radu V de la Afumati (2nd Time)

20 Mar - 18 Sep 1524 Litovoi, Vladislav III (2nd Time)

18 Sep 1524 - 19 Apr 1525 Litovoi, Radu V de la Afumati (3rd Time)

19 Apr - 18 Aug 1525 Litovoi, Vladislav III (3rd Time)

18 Aug 1525 - 02 Jan 1529 Litovoi, Radu V de la Afumati (4th Time)

02 Jan 1529 - 04 Jun 1530 Litovoi, Moise I Voda

04 Jun 1530 - 18 Sep 1532 Litovoi, Vlad VII Inecatul "The Drowned"

18 Sep 1532 - 13 Jun 1535 Litovoi, Vlad VIII Vantilǎ of Slatina

13 Jun 1535 - 24 Feb 1536 Litovoi, Radu VI Paisie (1st Time)

24 Feb - 18 Apr 1536 Barbu I Craiovescu al III-lea

18 Apr 1536 - 02 Jun 1539 Litovoi, Radu VI Paisie (2nd Time)

02 Jun - 19 Jul 1539 Litovoi, Șerban din Izvorani

19 Jul 1539 - 05 May 1544 Litovoi, Radu VI Paisie (3rd Time)

05 May - 02 Jun 1544 Laiotă Basarab

02 Jun 1544 - 02 Mar 1545 Litovoi, Radu VI Paisie (4th Time)

02 Mar 1545 - 15 Nov 1552 Litovoi, Mircea VI Ciobanul "the Shepherd"

(1st Time)

15 Nov 1552 - 11 May 1553 Litovoi, Radu VII "The Cowerd"

11 May 1553 - 11 Mar 1554 Litovoi, Mircea VI Ciobanul (2nd Time)

11 Mar 1554 - 24 Dec 1557 Litovoi, Petru Pǎtrascu I "The Kind"

25 Jan 1558 - 25 Sep 1559 Litovoi, Mircea VI Ciobanul (3rd Time)

25 Sep 1559 - 31 May 1568 Litovoi, Petru I cel Tânǎr "The Younger"

07 Jun 1568 - 27 Sep 1577 Litovoi, Alexandru II

21 Apr - 03 May 1574 Litovoi, Vintilǎ I

(in distance)

27 Sep 1577 - 23 Jul 1583 Litovoi, Mihnea II Turcitul "The Turned Turk" (1st Time)

29 Aug 1583 - 06 Apr 1585 Litovoi, Petru II Cercel "The Earring"

20 May 1585 - 18 Feb 1591 Litovoi, Mihnea II Turcitul "The Turned Turk" (2nd Time)

04 May 1591 - 08 Nov 1592 Litovoi, Stefan I Surdul "The Deaf"

08 Nov 1592 - 01 Sep 1593 Litovoi, Alexandru III cel Rǎu "The Wrongdoer"

07 Oct 1593 - 30 Nov 1600 Litovoi, Mihai II Viteazul "The Brave"

24 Nov 1599 - 12 Sep 1600 Nicolae Pătrașcu .................................. 1584-1627

(1st Time)

Nov 1600 - 24 Jun 1601 Simion Moghilă (1st Time) ......................... 156.-1607

Aug 1601 - Aug 1602 Radu X Mihnea (1st Time)

Aug 1602 - Dec 1610 Radu Serban (1st Time)

12 Mar 1611 - 24 Aug 1616 Radu X Mihnea (2nd Time)

24 Aug - Sep 1616 Gavril Movilǎ (1st Time)

Sep 1616 - 27 May 1618 Alexandru Coconul (1st Time)

14 Aug 1618 - Jul 1620 Gavril Movilǎ (2nd Time)

Jul 1620 - Aug 1623 Radu Mihnea (3rd Time)

Aug 1623 - Nov 1627 Alexandru Coconul (2nd Time)

Nov 1627 - 12 Oct 1629 Alexandru Ilias

12 Oct 1629 - Jul 1632 Leon Tomsa

20 Sep 1632 - 09 Apr 1654 Matei Basarab

Apr 1654 - 23 Feb 1658 Constantin Serban

23 Feb 1658 - Dec 1659 Mihnea III Radu

Dec 1659 - 31 Aug 1660 Prince Gheorghe Ghica

06 Dec 1660 - 20 Nov 1664 Prince Grigore I Ghica (1st Time)

Dec 1665 - Mar 1669 Radu Leon

09 Apr 1669 - 13 Jan 1672 Antoni Voda Popesti

20 Mar 1672 - Nov 1673 Prince Grigore I Ghica (2nd Time)

06 Dec 1673 - Nov 1678 Duca, Gheorghe I

06 Jan 1679 - 07 Sep 1688 Serban Constantin Cantacuzino

(Konstantinos Kantakouzịnós)

07 Sep 1688 - 04 Apr 1714 Constantin Brâncoveanu

04 Apr 1714 - 05 Jan 1716 Stefan Constantin Cantacuzino

(Stephanos Konstantinos Kantakouzịnós)

05 Jan - 25 Nov 1716 Nicolae Mavrocordat (1st Time)

02 Dec 1716 - 06 Mar 1719 Ion Alexandru Mavrocordat-Scarlati

06 Mar 1719 - 14 Sep 1730 Nicolae Mavrocordat-Scarlati (2nd Time)

15 Oct 1730 - 24 Oct 1731 Mihai Ion Racovita (1st Time)

24 Oct 1731 - 16 Apr 1733 Constantin Mavrocordat-Scarlati (1st Time)

16 Apr 1733 - 27 Nov 1735 Prince Grigore II Matei Ghica (1st Time)

27 Nov 1735 - 16 Sep 1741 Constantin Mavrocordat-Scarlati (2nd Time)

16 Sep 1741 - Jul 1744 Mihai Ion Racovitǎ (2nd Time)

Jul 1744 - Apr 1748 Constantin Mavrocordat-Scarlati (3rd Time)

Apr 1748 - 03 Sep 1752 Prince Grigore II Matei Ghica (2nd Time)

04 Sep 1752 - 03 Jul 1753 Prince Matei Grigore Ghica (1st Time)

03 Jul 1753 - 19 Feb 1756 Constantin Matei Racovitǎ (1st Time)

20 Feb 1756 - Aug 1758 Constantin Mavrocordat-Scarlati (4th Time)

14 Aug 1758 - 16 Jun 1761 Prince Scarlat Grigore Ghica (1st Time)

16 Jun 1761 - 20 Mar 1763 Constantin Mavrocordat-Scarlati (5th Time)

20 Mar 1763 - 06 Feb 1764 Constantin Mihai Racovitǎ

06 Feb 1764 - 29 Aug 1765 Stefan Mihai Racovitǎ

29 Aug 1765 - 13 Dec 1766 Scarlat I Grigore Ghica (2nd Time)

13 Dec 1766 - 28 Oct 1768 Alexandru VI Scarlat Ghica

28 Oct 1768 - 16 Nov 1769 Grigore III Alexandru Ghica

05 Dec 1769 - 03 Feb 1775 Pyotr Aleksandrovich Graf Rumyantsev

(Russian military administrator)

26 Sep 1774 - 15 Jan 1782 Alexandru Ion Ipsilanti (1st Time)

(Alexandros Ioannis Ypsilanti)

15 Jan 1782 - 17 Jul 1783 Nicolae Caragea

(Nicholaos Karatzis)

17 Jul 1783 - 17 May 1786 Mihai Constantin Sutu (1st Time)

(Michalis Soutzos)

17 May 1786 - 04 Nov 1789 Nicolae Mavrogheni ..................... 1738-1790

04 Nov 1789 - 04 Sep 1791 Friedrich Josias Prinz von

Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld ............... 1737-1815

(Austrian military administrator)

04 Sep 1791 - 15 Jan 1793 Mihai Constantin Sutu (2nd Time)

15 Jan 1793 - 28 Aug 1796 Alexandru Constantin Moruzi ............ 1750-1816

(1st Time)

28 Aug 1796 - 09 Dec 1797 Alexandru Ion Ipsilanti (2nd Time)

09 Dec 1797 - 10 Feb 1799 Constantin Hangerli

10 Feb 1799 - 20 Oct 1801 Alexandru Constantin Moruzi

(2nd Time)

20 Oct 1801 - 22 May 1802 Mihai Constantin Sutu (3rd Time)

02 Jul - 30 Aug 1802 Alexandru Nicolae Soutzos .............. 1758-1821

(Alexandros Nikolaos Soutzos, 1st Time)

30 Aug 1802 - 24 Aug 1806 Constantin Ipsilantii (1st Time) ....... 1760-1816

(Konstantinos Ypsilantis)

24 Aug - 13 Oct 1806 Alexandru Soutzos (2nd Time)

28 Aug 1806 - 1809 Knyaz Ivan Ivanovich Prozorovskiy ...... 1769-1840

(Russian military administrator)

13 Oct 1806 - 31 May 1807 Constantin Ipsilanti (2nd Time)

1809 - 02 Oct 1812 Grigoriy Grigoryevich Engelhardt ....... 1759-1824

(Russian military administrator)

12 Dec 1812 - 11 Oct 1818 Ion Gheorghe Caragea ................... 1745-1845

(Ioannis Georgios Karatzas)

16 Nov 1818 - 31 Jan 1821 Alexandru Nicolae Sutu (3rd Time

16 Mar - 15 May 1821 Tudor Constantin Vladimirescu

16 May 1821 - 12 Jul 1822 Stefan Vogorides ....................... 1774-1859

(Stephanos Vogorides)

12 Jul 1822 - 30 Jun 1828 Grigore Dimitrie Ghica ................. 1755-1834

30 Jun 1828 - 02 Feb 1829 Peter Christoph Graf von der Pahlen .... 1771-1864

(Russian military administrator)

02 Feb - 24 Nov 1829 Pyotr Fyodorovych Zheltukhin ........... 1777-1829

(Russian military administrator)

24 Nov 1829 - 22 Jul 1834 Pavel Dmitriyevich Kiselyov ............ 1788-1852

(Russian military administrator)

22 Jul 1834 - 31 Dec 1842 Alexandru Dimitrie Ghica (1st Time) .... 1795-1862

01 Jan 1843 - 13 Jun 1848 Gheorghe Dimitrie Bibescu .............. 1804-1873

14 Jun - 28 Jul 1848 Metropolit Neofit II (1st Time)

(President of the Provisional government)

13 Sep 1848 - 16 Jun 1849 Constantin Iordache Cantacuzino ........ 1791-1877

(1st Time)

16 Jun 1849 - 16 Oct 1853 Prince Barbu Dimitrie Stirbei .......... 1799-1869

17 Oct - 13 Nov 1853 Gheorghe Filipescu

(President of the Extraordinary Council)

13 Nov 1853 - 19 Jul 1854 Aleksandr Ivanovich Budberg ............ 1798-1876

(Russian Commissioner)

19 Jul - 23 Sep 1854 Constantin Iordache Cantacuzino

(2nd Time)

19 Aug 1854 - 25 Mar 1856 Eduard Freiherr von Bach ............... 1815-1884

(Austrian Civil Commissioner)

19 Aug 1854 - 25 Mar 1856 Johann Baptist Alexius,

Graf Coronini-Cronberg ................ 1794-1880

(Austrian Military governor)

23 Sep 1854 - 25 Mar 1856 Prince Barbu Dimitrie Stirbei (2nd Time)

25 Jun - 16 Jul 1856 Emanoil Grigore Băleanu ................ 1793-1862

(President of the Extraordinary Council)

16 Jul 1856 - 18 Oct 1858 Prince Alexandru Dimitrie Bibescu Ghica

(2nd Time)

30 Oct 1858 - 05 Feb 1859 Ion Mihail Manu ........................ 1803-1874

- Emanoil Grigore Baleanu

- Ion Alexandru Filipescu ................ 1811-1863

05 Feb 1859 - 23 Dec 1861 Alexandru Ion Cuza ..................... s.a

Prime Ministers

25 Jan - 27 Mar 1859 Ion Alexandru Filipescu

27 Mar - 06 Sep 1859 Constantin Alexandru Cretzulescu ....... 1809-1884

06 Sep - 11 Oct 1859 Nicolae Alexandru Cretzulescu .......... 1812-1900

11 Oct 1859 - 28 May 1860 Prince Ion Dimitrie Ghica .............. 1817-1897

28 May - 13 Jul 1860 Nicolae Constantin Golescu ............. 1810-1878

25 Jul 1860 - 17 Apr 1861 Emanoil Costache Ioan Epureanu

30 Apr - 12 May 1861 Barbu Stefan Catǎrgiu .................. 1807-1862

12 May - 11 Jul 1861 Stefan Dinicu Golescu .................. 1809-1874

19 Jun - 1861 Vasile Iordache Mǎlinescu .............. 1817-1866

(acting)

11 Jul - 19 Jul 1861 Constantin Barbu Bǎlcescu .............. 1813-1902

(acting)

19 Jul 1861 - 22 Jan 1862 Prince Grigore Dimitrie Ghica .......... 1816-1897

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Severin (Szörénység)

1228 Szörényi bánság (Banate of Severine) a defensive

division of the Kingdom of Hungary

1526 Partitioned between Hungary and Wallachia

Bans

1226 - 1232 Hahót Buzád II

1233 Lukas

1243 István

1247 - 1254 János

1255 Pósa Csák

1257 - 1261 István

1262 István

1263 - 1267 Laurențiu (1st Time)

1268 Ugrin

1268 Alexandru

1269 Laurențiu (2nd Time)

1270 Ponit

1270 - 1271 Laurențiu (3rd Time)

1271 - 1272 Pál (1st Time)

1272 Laurențiu (4th Time)

1272 Albert

1273 Pál (2nd Time)

1273 Laurențiu (5th Time)

1274 Pál (3rd Time)

1274 - 1275 Ugrin

1275 Micu

1275 Pál (4th Time)

1275 Reinauld

1276 - 1279 Micu

1277 - 1278 Pál (5th Time)

1279 Laurenciu (6th Time)

1280 - 1283 Timotei

1284 - 1286 Mako

1287 - 1289 Rafael

1290 - 1293 Lőrinc

1294 - 1296 Pósa Solymosi

1297 - 1299 László Rátholti

1299 - 1308 András Tárnok

1309 - 1314 Vacant

1314 - 1318 Dominic Cernea

1319 - 1323 László Rátholti

1323 - 1329 Daniel Szécsi

1324 Pál

1330 - 1335 Vacant

1341 Szécsi Denis

1342 - 1349 Losonci

1350 - 1355 Miklós Szécsi

1355 – 1359 Denis Lacu

1359 - 1387 Vacant

1387 László

1387 - 1388 István

1388 - 1390 János Kaplán

1390 - 1391 Nicolae Perényi

1392 Gerebenci Szemere

1392 - 1393 Ditrău Bebek

1393 - 1408 Vacant

1408 - 1409 Pipo de Ozora .......................... 1369-1426

1409 – 1419 Vacant

1419 Szigiszmont Losonci

1428 Emeric Marcali

1430 - 1435 Nikolaus Redwitz

1429 - 1435 Vacant

1435 László Jakubek

1436 - 1439 Ferenc Tallóci

1439 - 1445 János Hunyadi

1445 - 1446 Blaziu

1447 - 1454 Miklós

1449 Vasile de Cerna (vice-ban)

1452 - 1454 Petru

1455 - 1457 Vacant

1458 Vlad

- Grigory Bethlén

1459 - 1460 Vacant

1460 László Doczi

1462 - 1463 Nicolae

1464 - 1466 Vacant

1466 János Pongracz

1467 István

- Mihai de Mâtnic

1468 - 1471 Vacant

1471 - 1478 Emeric Hédervári

1478 János Dominik Bethlén

1479 Ambrozie

- György Szenthelsebethi

1479 Bartolomeu Pathócsy

1480 - 1483 Ferenc Haraszti

1483 - 1489 Ferenc Haraszt

- Andras Szokoly

1490 Emeric Ozora

1491 Pipo

- Andei Dánfy

1491 - 1492 Ferenc Haraszti

1492 - 1494 György

- Filip Balassa de Ciula

1495 - 1502 Petru Măcicaș

1503 Béla Barnabás (1st Time)

1503 Ioan Gărliște

1504 - 1508 János

- Béla Gârliștes

1508 - 1513 Mihai

- Béla Barnabas (2nd Time)

1514 János

1515 - 1516 Nicolae

1517 - 1518 Vacant

1519 Béla Barnabás (3rd Time)

1520 - 1521 Nicolae Gârliște

1522 – 1524 János Kalláy

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©2015

©2005